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Hexahydrite

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Formula:
MgSO4 · 6H2O
Colour:
Colourless, white, pale greenish white; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Pearly, Dull, Earthy
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Specific Gravity:
1.757
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1911 by Robert Angus Alister Johnston in allusion to its composition, having six (HEXA-) molecules of water (HYDR-) in its formula.
Hexahydrite Group. May dehydrate to starkeyite (Chou, 2005).


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of HexahydriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CB.25

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.6.8.1

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
25.3.5

25 : Sulphates
3 : Sulphates of Mg

Pronounciation of HexahydriteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of HexahydriteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Pearly, Dull, Earthy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colourless, white, pale greenish white; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {100}, perfect.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
1.757 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.745 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HexahydriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.426 nβ = 1.453 nγ = 1.456
2V:
Measured: 38° , Calculated: 36°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of HexahydriteHide

Formula:
MgSO4 · 6H2O

Crystallography of HexahydriteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 24.44 Å, b = 7.21 Å, c = 10.11 Å
β = 98.28°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 3.39 : 1 : 1.402
Unit Cell V:
1,762.94 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Good crystals rare; sometimes thick tabular {001}. Also coarse columnar to delicately fibrous to acicular.
Twinning:
1. On {001}; 2. on {110}.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.45 (50)
5.10 (45)
4.88 (30)
4.39 (100)
4.16 (35)
4.04 (45)
2.94 (30)
(
Comments:
ICDD 24-719

Type Occurrence of HexahydriteHide

Other Language Names for HexahydriteHide

German:Hexahydrit
Simplified Chinese:六水泻盐
六水镁矾
Spanish:Hexahydrita
Traditional Chinese:六水瀉鹽
六水鎂礬

Relationship of Hexahydrite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.

Common AssociatesHide

CalciteCaCO3
EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2O
SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Epsomite6 photos of Hexahydrite associated with Epsomite on mindat.org.
Betpakdalite-NaCa4 photos of Hexahydrite associated with Betpakdalite-NaCa on mindat.org.
Bandylite4 photos of Hexahydrite associated with Bandylite on mindat.org.
Nitratine4 photos of Hexahydrite associated with Nitratine on mindat.org.
Bloedite4 photos of Hexahydrite associated with Bloedite on mindat.org.
Aubertite4 photos of Hexahydrite associated with Aubertite on mindat.org.
Tschermigite2 photos of Hexahydrite associated with Tschermigite on mindat.org.
Alunogen2 photos of Hexahydrite associated with Alunogen on mindat.org.
Kieserite1 photo of Hexahydrite associated with Kieserite on mindat.org.
Sphalerite1 photo of Hexahydrite associated with Sphalerite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2OTric.
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2OMon.
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2OMon.
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
7.CB.35MelanteriteFeSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3 : R3
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon.
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.6.8.2Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
29.6.8.3FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
29.6.8.4Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
29.6.8.5Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
29.6.8.6Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.3.1KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.2SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.3.3StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.4PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
25.3.6EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.3.7CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2OTet.
25.3.8VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.9BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.10KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.11LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2OTrig.
25.3.12UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2OMon.
25.3.13LangbeiniteK2Mg2(SO4)3Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
25.3.14LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.15PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.16Efremovite(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3Iso.
25.3.17Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.18PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Fluorescence of HexahydriteHide

Fluoresces and phosphoresces dull cream white (Sterling Mine, Ogdensburg, NJ, USA).

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HexahydriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Johnston (1911) Geological Survey of Canada, Summary Report 1910: 256.
Walker and Parsons (1927) University of Toronto Stud., Geology Service: 24: 21.
Dolivo-Dobrovolsky (1929) Mineralogicheskoe Obshchestvo, Leningrad, Zapiski: [2]: 58: 3.
Kokta (1935) Publ. Fac. Science, University Masaryk, Brno: 166.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 494-495.
Acta Crystallographica: 17: 235-240.
Mineralogical Abstracts: 74 (1974): 3459.
Chou, I. Ming (2005)Determination Of Hexahydrite-Starkeyite Equilibria By The Humidity-Buffer Technique At 0.1 Mpa: Implications For The Martian H2O Cycle, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 37, No. 7, p. 55

Internet Links for HexahydriteHide

Localities for HexahydriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
      • Lützow-Holm Bay
        • East Ongul Island
Watanuki/ Torii/ Nishiyama/ Morikawa, 1979
  • Western Antarctica
Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Barczuk, A., Tatur, A. (2003): Biogenic phosphate and sulphate minerals in the soils of Antarctic Peninsula. Mineralogia Special Papers: 23: 41-43
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy
    • Santa Bárbara Department
      • Cerros de Santa Bárbara (Cerro Santa Bárbara)
        • El Palmar hot springs
Marquez-Zavalia, Maria Florencia, Lomniczi de Upton, Irene & Galliski, Miguel Angel (2001): Krausite in fumaroles from Santa Barbara mine, northwestern Argentina. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2001, 378-384. ; Zavalia, Maria Florencia Marquez & Galliski, Miguel Angel (1995): Goldichite of fumarolic origin from the Santa Barbara mine, Jujuy, northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist 33, 1059-1062.
  • San Juan
    • Calingasta Department
      • Calingasta
        • Sierra del Tontal
Ron C. Peterson (2011) Cranswickite MgSO4.4H2O, a new mineral from Calingasta, Argentina
    • Iglesia Department
Bengochea, L. y Mas, G. (1998), Aparición de jarlita y sulfatos secundarios en el Valle del Cura, Argentina. Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 21-A. Resúmenes de comunicaciones del Congreso de Mineralogía y Petrología, SEM 98 y 18° Reunión de la SEM, pág. 44-45.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
[MinRec 19 p469-490 - "Sielecki, R: The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field"]
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mount Isa
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.; Forsyth, B., Edraki, M., & Baumgartl, T. (2015). The Evolution of Tailings Seepage Chemistry at One of Australia’s Largest and Longest Operating Mines. In 10th International Conference on AcidRock Drainage and Annual IMWA Conference (pp. 1-11). Gecamin Digital Publications.
  • South Australia
    • Murray Basin
      • Murray Riverlands
Rob Fitzpatrick, Paul Shand, Mark Raven and Stuart McClure, 2010, Occurrence and environmental significance of sideronatrite and other mineral precipitates in Acid Sulfate Soils. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World
        • Murray Bridge
Raven, M., Fitzpatrick, R., Shand, P., & McClure, S. (2010, August). Minerals diagnostic of acid sulfate soils. In Extended Abstracts, 21st Australian Clay Minerals Conference, Brisbane.
  • Victoria
    • Central Goldfields Shire
      • Dunolly
Mark Raven , Rob Fitzpatrick , Paul Shand and Stuart McClure, 2010, Minerals diagnostic of acid sulfate soils. Extended Abstracts – 21st Australian Clay Minerals Conference – Brisbane, August 2010 Rob Fitzpatrick, Paul Shand, Mark Raven and Stuart McClure, 2010, Occurrence and environmental significance of sideronatrite and other mineral precipitates in Acid Sulfate Soils. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World
  • Western Australia
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Mount Keith
Mills, S. J., Wilson, S. A., Dipple, G. M. & Raudsepp, M. (2010) The decomposition of konyaite: Importance in CO2 in mine tailings. Mineralogical Magazine, 74(5), 903–917.
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Oberwart
      • Badersdorf
Götzinger, M. A. & Huber, P. (2009)
  • Carinthia
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Kirchbach
        • Oberbuchach
J. Mörtl: Carinthia II 192./112.:329-330 (2002)
  • Salzburg
    • Hallein
      • Dürrnberg
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
      • Gartenau
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Gastein valley
        • Bad Hofgastein
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
  • Styria
    • Ennstaler Alpen
      • Admont
Meixner, H. (1977); R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • St. Jakob-Breitenau
        • Hochlantsch
Bojar, H.-P. (2007)
    • Koralpe
      • Schwanberg
        • Gressenberg
          • Schwarze Sulm
Postl, W. & Bernhard, F. (2014): 1996) Alunogen und Pickeringit von einem Forstwegaufschluss im Tal der Schwarzen, Sulm, Gressenberg, Koralpe, Steiermark. P. 140 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
    • Liesing - Palten valley
      • Kalwang
        • Langteichengraben (Lange Teichen)
          • Teichen Mine
Taucher, J. (1996)
      • Seiz
        • Wolfsgruben (Wolfgruben)
NIEDERMAYR, G., H.-P. BOJAR, F. BRANDSTÄTTER, V. M. F. HAMMER, B. MOSER, W. POSTL, & J. TAUCHER (1995): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XIVL. Carinthia II, 185./105.: 145-168.
    • Niedere Tauern
      • Hohentauern
        • Sunk
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2006): 1465: Slavikit und Hexahydrit aus dem ehemaligen Magnesitbergbau Hohentauern bei Trieben, Steiermark. In: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2006): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LV. Carinthia II, 196/116, 150-151.
  • Upper Austria
    • Gmunden
      • Bad Ischl
        • Perneck
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Cache Creek
INGELSON, A. (1984) Mineral occurrences in Western Canada. Mineralogical Record 15, 89-94.
    • Lillooet Mining Division
JOHNSTON, R.A.A. (1911): Hexahydrite, a new mineral. Geological Survey Branch of the Department of Mines, Canada, Summary Report 1910, 256-257. JOHNSTON, R.A.A. (1915): A list of Canadian mineral occurrences. Geological Survey of Canada, Memoir 74 (122).
No reference listed
    • Nicola Mining Division
      • Clinton
Renaut, R. W., Stead, D., & Owen, R. B. (1994). The saline lakes of the Fraser Plateau, British Columbia, Canada. Global Geological Record of Lake Basins, 1, 419-423.
  • Manitoba
    • Sherridon District
Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Fort Norman
Battler, M. M., Osinski, G. R., Lim, D. S., Davila, A. F., Michel, F. A., Craig, M. A., ... & Preston, L. J. (2013). Characterization of the acidic cold seep emplaced jarositic Golden Deposit, NWT, Canada, as an analogue for jarosite deposition on Mars. Icarus, 224(2), 382-398.
Rocks & Min 81:1 pp 24-32
  • Nunavut
    • Baffin Island
      • Nanisivik
[MinRec 21:533]
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • Timmins area
        • Dundonald Township
geological survey of canada paper 73-13
    • Lennox and Addington Co.
      • Sheffield Township
SABINA, A.P. (1968), revised (1983) Rocks and Minerals for the collector. Kingston, Ontario to Lac St-Jean, Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 67-51 (1968), Misc. Report No. 32 (1983), 46-49.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • La Motte
Sabina (2003)126
    • Mauricie
      • Mékinac RCM
Sabina, A.P. (1983) Rocks & minerals for the collector: Kingston Ontario to Lac Saint-Jean, Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 32, 74-75.
  • Yukon
    • Dawson Mining District
MinRec 23:4-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
    • Whitehorse Mining District
      • Kluane District
Sabina, A.P. (1972) Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Alaska Highway, Dawson Creek, British Columbia to Yukon/Alaska border. GSC paper 72-32. Reissued (1992) as GSC Miscellaneous Report 50, 55-67.
Chile
 
  • Arica and Parinacota Region
    • Arica Province
      • Los Camarones
Samples analysed by Tony Kampf of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA; Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Nash, B. P., Housley, R. M., Rossman, G. R., Dini, M. and Gatta G.D. (2013): Camaronesite, [Fe3+(H2O)2(PO3OH)]2(SO4)•1–2H2O, a new phosphate-sulfate from the Camarones Valley, Chile, structurally related to taranakite. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 453-465.
Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Nash, B. P., Housley, R. M., Rossman, G. R., Dini, M. and Gatta G.D. (2013): Camaronesite, [Fe3+(H2O)2(PO3OH)]2(SO4)•1–2H2O, a new phosphate-sulfate from the Camarones Valley, Chile, structurally related to taranakite. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 453-465.
China
 
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Lenghu Co.
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
      • Mangnai Co. (Mangya Co.)
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
        • Kanggur-Xifengshan gold belt
Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
      • Tulufan Co. (Turfan Co.; Turpan Co.)
        • Turfan basin (Turpan basin)
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
Cyprus
 
  • Nicosia District (Lefkoşa District; Lefkosia District)
Ng, Stephen; Malpas, John (2013) Impact of Acid Mine Drainage on the hydrogeological system at Sia, Cyprus. EGU General Assembly 2013, held 7-12 April, 2013 in Vienna, Austria, id. EGU2013-8084
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 495.; Zacek, V., Oplustil, S., Mayova, A. & Meyer, F. R. (1995): Die Mineralien von Kladno in Mittelböhmen, Tschechische Republik. Mineralien-Welt 6 (1), 13-30 (in German).
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Trutnov (Trautenau)
        • Radvanice
Jirásek, J.: Thermal Changes of the Rocks in the Dump Pile of the Kateřina Colliery in Radvanice (Eastern Bohemia). Ostrava: VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, Institute of Geological Engineering - 541, 2001. 69 p.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    • Plzeň Region
      • Sušice (Schüttenhofen)
Hofmanovi P. a R.: Příspěvek k mineralogii lokality Hamr u Sušice. Minerál, 2009, 17, 1, 3-7.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Moravia-Silesia Region
      • Karviná
Matýsek D., Jirásek J., Osovský M., Skupien P.. Minerals formed by the weathering of sulfides in mines of the Czech part of the Upper Silesian Basin. Mineralogical Magazine, 2014, 78, 5, 1265-1286.
        • Orlová
Matýsek D., Jirásek J., Osovský M., Skupien P.. Minerals formed by the weathering of sulfides in mines of the Czech part of the Upper Silesian Basin. Mineralogical Magazine, 2014, 78, 5, 1265-1286.
      • Ostrava
Matýsek D., Raclavská H. (1999) Vznik sulfátové mineralizace na odvalech a její vliv na kvalitu spodních vod v OKR. Uhlí - Rudy - Geologický průzkum, 6, 7-8, 8–16.
      • Štramberk (Stramberg)
JIRÁSEK, J., MARTINÁSEK, L., MATÝSEK, D., SKUPIEN, P., 2011: Nové mineralogické nálezy z lomu Kotouč u Štramberku, Západní Karpaty, severní Morava, Česká republika. – Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 96, 1, 19–31.
    • South Moravia Region
      • Brno (Brünn)
Petr Němeček (2007) Antropogenní mineralizace na starých uhelných haldách v okolí Zastávky u Rosic. MSc. thesis, Masaryk University in Brno.
      • Hodonín
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 495.; Kruťa T. (1944): Nález nové recentní síry a salmiaku v Kelčanech na Moravě. Věda přírodní, 23, 61.
      • Oslavany
Dokoupilova P., Sulovsky P., Losos Z. 2006: Hematite, hexahydrite and picromerite group from the mine waste of the coal mine Kukla in Oslavany. Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 57-59
Hršelová, P., Cempírek, J., Houzar, S., Sejkora, J. (2013): S,F,Cl-rich mineral assemblages from burned spoil heaps in the Rosice-Oslavany coalfield, Czech Republic. Can. Mineral.: 51(1): 171-188
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
        • Rožná deposit
Petr Pauliš
Egypt
 
  • New Valley Governorate
    • Western Desert
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Blesle
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
      • Lubilhac
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM / Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
  • Hauts-de-France
    • Pas-de-Calais
Naze-Nancy Masalehdani, M., Mees, F., Dubois, M., Coquinot, Y., Potdevin, J.-L., Fialin, M. & Blanc-Valleron, M.-M. (2009): Condensate minerals from a burning coal-waste heap in Avion, Northern France. Can. Mineral. 47, 573-591.
  • Occitanie
    • Tarn-et-Garonne
      • Orgueil
Steven M. Richardson (1978). Vein formation in the C1 carbonaceous chondrites. Meteoritics, 13, #1, 141-159. (March 1978).
Germany
 
  • Brandenburg
    • Bad Freienwalde
Andreas Gerstenberg collection
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Alsdorf
Blaß, G. and Graf, H.-W. (1996): Neue mineralogische Erkenntnisse und neue Funde aus Eifel, Schwarzwald und Siegerland. Mineralien-Welt 7 (2), 55-64. (in German); Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
      • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Eifel
      • Düren
        • Untermaubach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Herne
No reference listed
    • Sauerland
      • Marsberg
Schnorrer, G. (2000): Mineralogische Notizen VII. Der Aufschluss, 51, 281-293.; Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Stassfurt Potash deposit
      • Egeln
        • Tarthun
No reference listed
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schlema-Hartenstein District
T. Witzke (1992): Neues zu den Mineralien von Schlema-Hartenstein und der Grube König David, Schneeberg, Erzgebirge.- Mineralien-Welt 3(6), 16-18
    • Oberlausitz
      • Kamenz
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
      • Weida
Richter, E. & Rüger, F. (2010): Der Diabas-Tagebau Loitsch in Thüringen und seine Mineralien. Lapis 35 (2), 13-22; 54.
    • Wurzbach
      • Lehesten
- Liebeskind, W., Lehrieder, E. (1992): Der Lehester Schieferbergbau, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 43, 139-153
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
            • Hilarion area
No reference listed
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
No reference listed
Branko Rieck Collection
        • Sounion area
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Branko Rieck Collection
Greenland
 
  • Qeqqata
    • Isortoq Fjord (Søndre Isortoq)
      • Sarfartoq region
Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Komló
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
      • Pécs
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F. (2008): Ammonium sulphates from burning coal dumps at Komló and Pécs-Vasas, Mecsek Mts., South Hungary. Mineralogia, Special Papers, Vol. 32 (2nd Central-European Mineralogical Conference 2008 (CEMC)), 154.
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Aggteleki Mts
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
    • Borsodi Mts
      • Kurityán
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
    • Bükk Mts
      • Miskolc
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
        • Ómassa
HOM Collection 2005
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Alsótelekes
www.minerals- of-the- carpathians.eu (Editor:Szakáll)
      • Rudabánya
Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001; Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001; Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
    • Upponyi Mts
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral Species of Hungary, 2006
    • Zemplén Mts (Tokaj Mts)
      • Tállya
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997; Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
  • Győr-Moson-Sopron Co.
    • Soproni Mts
      • Sopron
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Gyöngyösoroszi
Farkas, I. M. & Weiszburg, T. G. (2009): Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 57. (Abs.)
  • Nógrád Co.
    • Cserhát Mts
Geoda - Journal of the Hungarian Friends of Minerals, 2007 august.
    • Karancs-Medves Mts
      • Somoskőújfalu
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral Species of Hungary, 2006
  • Pest Co.
    • Budai Mts
      • Budapest
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
India
 
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Balaghat District
      • Baihar Tehsil
        • Padritola
Equeenuddin, Sk.Md. (2015): Occurrence of alpersite at Malanjkhand copper mine, India. Environmental Earth Sciences: 73(7): 3849-3853
Iran
 
  • Kerman Province
    • Rafsanjan County
      • Pariz
Khorasanipour, M. (2015). Environmental mineralogy of Cu-porphyry mine tailings, a case study of semi-arid climate conditions, Sarcheshmeh mine, SE Iran. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 153, 40-52.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Léssolo
          • Cálea
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Antrona Valley
          • Antrona Schieranco
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Conticini F., Menchetti S., Sabelli C., Trosti-Ferroni R. (1980): Minerali di alterazione dei giacimenti a solfuri misti di Campiglia Marittima. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 36, 295-308; Biagioni C., Orlandi P., Cerri M., Pistolesi M., Rapaccini S., Santucci A. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 40-55.
      • Elba Island
        • Capoliveri
          • Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine)
C.L. Garavelli (1957) – Minerali di cobalto, bonattite, e solfato di Mg esaidrato e tetraidrato tra i minerali di alterazione del giacimento elbano di Capo Calamita Calamita – Rend. Soc. Min. It., 13: 268-270.
        • Rio Marina
Rolf Luetcke specimen
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Mineralogical Record, 15 (1), 27-36.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Oshima peninsula
      • Hiyama Subprefecture
        • Kaminokuni
Nambu et al (1980) Sanko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 67.
    • Sorachi Province
      • Mikasa City
Shimobayashi, N., Ohnishi, M., & Miura, H. (2011). Ammonium sulfate minerals from Mikasa, Hokkaido, Japan: boussingaultite, godovikovite, efremovite and tschermigite. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 106(3), 158-163.
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
No reference listed
Panczner (1987): 274.
  • Guerrero
    • Mun. de Taxco
      • Taxco de Alarcón (Taxco; Tasco)
Yta, M., Mundo, N. F., Gutiérrez, C. D., Tovar, R. M., Almazán, A. D., & Mendoza, O. T. (2005). Mineralogy and geochemistry of sulfide-bearing tailings from silver mines in the Taxco, Mexico area to evaluate their potential environmental impact. Geofísica internacional, 44(1), 49-64.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Windhoek
        • Friedenau Farm 16
DILL, H.G., PÖLLMANN, H. , BOSECKER, K., HAHN, L. and MWIYA, S.(2002) Supergene mineralization in mining residues of the Matchless cupreous pyrite deposit (Namibia) – A clue to the origin of modern and fossil duricrusts in semiarid climates.- Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 75: 43-70
Nicaragua
 
  • León Department
Hynek, B. M., McCollom, T. M., Marcucci, E. C., Brugman, K., & Rogers, K. L. (2013). Assessment of environmental controls on acid‐sulfate alteration at active volcanoes in Nicaragua: Applications to relic hydrothermal systems on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 118(10), 2083-2104.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
Bryhni (1972); Neumann (1985, p. 109).
  • Hordaland
    • Kvinnherad
Ellingsen, R.(1989):" Funn av sjeldne sulfatmineraler i Kvinnherad". NAGS-nytt 16(1), 25-26
  • Oppland
    • Lom
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 109.
    • Sel
      • Otta
Pers. Com. G. Raade 18.04.1988 in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p 136
    • Vågå
      • Tesse
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, 278 pp. (p. 109).
  • Oslo
    • Old Oslo
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter. 68, 278p.( p. 109).
  • Sør-Trøndelag
    • Meldal
      • Løkken Verk
Jørgensen, L. B. & Sagvold, E. B. (2001): Geologiske severdigheter og mineralforekomster i Løkkenfeltet. Orkla Industrimuseum 42p
Jørgensen, L. B. & Sagvold, E. B. (2001): Geologiske severdigheter og mineralforekomster i Løkkenfeltet. Orkla Industrimuseum 42p
    • Oppdal
Witsø, Tor (1994): Oppdal. Et spennende geologisk område. Oppdal. 24 pp. Published by Fridtjov Witsø, Oppdal.
      • Vinstradalen
Witsø, T. (2005): Mineraler i Vinstradalen, Oppdal. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 72-73
  • Telemark
    • Fyresdal
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 109.
    • Skien
      • Flakvarp
        • Torsberg
Raade, G. Sæbø, P. Chr. (1990): Pentahydrite, MgS04*5H2O, from Dragehullert, Porsgrunn. Interne notater 1961-1990. Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum, UiO, Oslo, p.149
Peru
 
  • Tacna Department
    • Jorge Basadre Province
Diaby, N., Dold, B., Buselli, E., & Vicetti, R. (2006). EFFECTS ON ELEMENT MOBILITY BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF A WETLAND ON THE MARINE SHORE PORPHYRY COPPER TAILINGS DEPOSIT, BAHÍA DE ITE, PERU. In 7th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), March (pp. 26-30).
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Kłodzko District
      • Nowa Ruda (Neurode)
        • Słupiec Mine (John Mine)
Ciesielczukk, J., Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Misz-Kennan, M., Kowalski, A., Mysza, B., 2014: Efflorescences and gas composition emitted from the burning coal-waste dump in Słupiec, Lower Silesian Coal Basin, Poland. Proceedings of the International Symposium CEMC 2014, Skalský Dvůr, April 23-26th, 26-27
    • Turoszów
Stepisiewicz, M. (1983): Sideronatrite and copiapite from Turoszow, Lower Silesia. Archiwum Mineralogiczne 38, 35-44 (in Polish).
  • Małopolskie
    • Olkusz District
      • Olkusz
Cabała, J., & Bzowska, G. (2008). Sulphate speleothems in Pomorzany Zn–Pb ore mine, southern Poland. Kras i speleologia, 12(21), 59-76.
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Katowice
      • Świętochłowice
Bril, H., Zainoun, K., Puziewicz, J., Courtin-Nomade, A., Vanaecker, M. & Bollinger, J.-C. (2008): Secondary phases from the alteration of a pile of zinc-smelting slag as indicators of environmental conditions: an example from Świętochłowice, Upper Silesia, Poland. Canadian Mineralogist 46, 1235-1248.
    • Rybnik District
      • Czerwionka-Leszczyny Commune
Kruszewski, Ł. (2013): Supergene minerals from the burning coal mining dumps in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, South Poland. International Journal of Coal Geology: 105: 91-109 (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166516212002881)
Kruszewski, Ł. (2013). Supergene sulphate minerals from the burning coal mining dumps in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, South Poland. International Journal of Coal Geology, 105, 91-109.
      • Katowice area
        • Łaziska
Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia.Mag. Thesis (unpublished); Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf]
      • Rybnik Coal Area
        • Radlin
Ł. Kruszewski PXRD data (to be published soon)
Kruszewski, Ł. (2013): Supergene minerals from the burning coal mining dumps in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, South Poland. International Journal of Coal Geology, 105, 91-109 (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166516212002881)
  • Wielkopolskie
powder rtg. 2007
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Arouca
Joana Ribeiro, Silvio R. Taffarel, Carlos H. Sampaio, Deolinda Flores, Luis F.O. Silva (2013): Mineral speciation and fate of some hazardous contaminants in coal waste pile from anthracite mining in Portugal. International Journal of Coal Geology, 109-110, 15-23.
  • Beja District
    • Mértola
      • Corte do Pinto
Álvarez-Valero, A. M., Pérez-López, R., Matos, J., Capitán, M. A., Nieto, J. M., Sáez, R., ... & Caraballo, M. (2008). Potential environmental impact at São Domingos mining district (Iberian Pyrite Belt, SW Iberian Peninsula): evidence from a chemical and mineralogical characterization. Environmental Geology, 55(8), 1797-1809.
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Kavadarci
    • Rožden (Rozhden; Roszdan)
Alois Lechner collection (analysed by Günter Blass)
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Indigirka River Basin
Indolev L N, Zhdanov Y Y, Kashertseva K I, Soknev V S, Del'Yanidi K I (1971) The new mineral indigirite, a hydrous mangesium aluminum carbonate, Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 100, issue 2, 178-183
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
[Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]
[Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p.163-180]
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Asbest
Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Senegal
 
  • Ziguinchor Region
Montoroi, J. P. (1995) Mise eli évidence d'une séquence de précipitation des sels dails les sols sulfatés acides d'une vallée aménagée de Basse-Casamance (Sénégal). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 320, série II a, p. 395-402
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Lučenec Co.
      • Podrečany
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
- Ďuďa R., 1993: Die mineralien der Gold und Silber - Lagersttäte von Kremnitz (Kremnica) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt,5, 20-32.
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
Števko M., Peterec D., Turecký L., Kráčmar L. (2017): Prehľad zberateľsky atraktívnych minerálov z ložiska Rudňany. Minerál, 25, 1, 28-48 (in Slovak).
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
      • Witbank
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Villanueva de Córdoba
Schnorrer, G. (2000): Die Minerale der ehemaligen Grube Espuela de San Miguel bei Villanueva de Cordoba, Prov. Cordoba in Spanien. Der Aufschluss, 51, 211-222. (in German)
    • Huelva
      • Minas de Riotinto
MinMag 67(2):263-278
      • Nerva
Romero, A., I. Gonzalez & E. Galan (2006): The role of efflorescent sulfates in the storage of trace elements in stream waters polluted by acid mine-drainage: the case of Pena del Hierro, southwestern Spain. Canadian Mineralogist 44, 1431-1446.
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
      • Teruel
Fernando Gascón Collection
Fernando Gascón Collection
    • Zaragoza
      • Calatayud
- Calvo, M. (2008). Minerales de Aragón. Prames, Zaragoza, 463 pags.
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Engadin
      • Sils im Engadin
Philipp R. (1983): Die Kupfervererzung von Blaunca, Sils-Oberengadin. Bergknappe 26, 20-24.
    • Poschiavo Valley
      • Brusio
Romani E. (2000): Andar per cristalli - Tesori nascosti. Centro studi del Museo mineralogico naturalistico di Bormio, 151 p.
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Lago Maggiore
      • Brissago
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 215.
  • Vaud (Waadt)
    • Bex
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 215.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 215.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Graeser, et al. (2008) Faszination Lengenbach. KristalloGrafik-Verl., Achberg
    • Conthey
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 215.
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 215.
Turkey
 
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Konya Province
van Doesburg, J.D.J., L. Vergouwen, and L. van der Plas (1982): Konyaite, Na2Mg(SO4)2•5H2O, a new mineral from the Great Konya Basin, Turkey. American Mineralogist 67, 1035-1038.
Turkmenistan
 
  • Balkan Province
UK
 
  • England
    • North Yorkshire
Smith, F.W., Dearlove, J.P.L., Kemp, S.J., Bell, C.P., Milne, C.J. and Pottas, T.L. (2014) Potash – Recent exploration developments in North Yorkshire. Pp. 45-50 in Hunger, E., Brown, T. J. and Lucas, G. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 17th Extractive Industry Geology Conference, EIG Conferences Ltd. 202pp
  • Scotland
    • Strathclyde
      • Landelfoot
        • Balsalloch Farm
Livingstone, A. and MacPherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
      • Alushta
Popov S.P. Mineralogy of the Crimea (1938). - M.-L., AN SSSR, 1938, 352 p. (Rus.)
      • Balaklava area
Dobrovolskaya T.I., Polkanov Y.A. The Paleovolcano Fiolent. Giude (2004) - Simferopol, 2004, 19 p. (in Russ.) Oleg V. Zinchenko at al. (2008).The mineralogy of seasonal sulfates in the cape Fiolent - Zapiski Ukrainskogo Mineralogichnogo Tovaristva (Proceeding Ukrainian Mineralogical Society), 2008, #5, p. 75-83 (in Ukr.)
      • Kerch peninsula (Kertch peninsula)
        • Vulcanovka Village area
Deyak M.A. Modern water-chemogenic formations of mud volcanoes of Kerch Peninsula. Dissertation to Scientific Candidate Degree in Geological Sciences in speciality 04.00.21 – lithology. –Department of marine geology and sedimentary ore formation of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. – Kyiv, 2010.
      • Saki
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 495.
    • Simferopol area
      • Petropavlovka Village area
A. Tischenko. Minerals of the Crimea - World of stones, 1996, #9, p. 9-18
      • Ukrainka Village area (Kurtsy)
- Dvoichenko P.A. The minerals of Crimea (1914) - Zapiski Krymskogo obshchestva estestvoispytatelei (Proceeding of the Crimea Society of Naturalistes), 1914, vol. 4, p. 1-208 (Rus.) - Popov S.P. Mineralogy of the Crimea (1938). - M.-L., AN SSSR, 1938, 352 p. (Rus.)
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
    • Central Donbass
Möckel, S. & Frischmann, N. (1992): Mineralien der Quecksilberlagerstätte Nikitovka in der Ukraine. Mineralien-Welt, 3, 14-15. (in German)
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:69
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 251; Graeme, R. (1981), Famous mineral localities: Bisbee, AZ, Min.Rec.: 12: 256-319.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 251; Wenrich, K.J. & H.B. Sutphin (1988), Recognition of breccia pipes in northern Arizona, AZ Bur. Geol. Min. Tech. Fieldnotes: 18: 1-5, II.
      • South Rim
        • Orphan District
          • Grand Canyon Village
Gornitz, V. (2004), Grand Canyon Uranium: The Orphan Mine, Mineral News: 20(6): 7.
    • Pinal Co.
      • San Manuel District
        • San Manuel
          • San Manuel Mine (Apex Lead & Vanadium Mining Corp Mine; Quarelli group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 251, 264; Anthony, J.W. & W.J. McLean (1976), Jurbanite, a new post-mining aluminum sulfate mineral from San Manuel, AZ, Am.Min.: 61: 1-4.
  • California
    • Alameda Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Oakland Hills
          • Oakland
            • Leona Heights
              • Leona Heights deposit
Anthony R. Kampf & FM Locality Index Committee (1989) California Locality Index. Mineralogical Record, 20:129-142.
[Mineralogical Record 20 129-142]
    • Inyo Co.
      • Death Valley
Econ Geol (1996) 91:622-635
    • San Francisco Co.
      • San Francisco
Schlocker, J. (1974) Geology of the San Francisco North quadrangle. USGS Professional Paper 782, 109 pp.: 62; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 267.
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
      • Canon City District
        • Canon City
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Ralston Buttes District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Mesa Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
Januzzi, Ronald. (1976): Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State, p.234
  • Indiana
    • Crawford Co.
  • Massachusetts
    • Franklin Co.
      • Rowe
Cerato, A.. 2003: Mineralogical Study of Davis Mine, Rowe, MA, Using X-Ray Diffraction Techniques
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
      • Marquette iron range
        • Ishpeming
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Bullion District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; USGS Prof Paper 860
    • Storey Co.
      • Comstock District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
      • Pyramid District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Wedekind District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn(1995):Pt5:635.
  • New Mexico
    • Otero Co.
2008 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
  • New York
    • Putnam Co.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
Januzzi (1976) Mineral Localities of Connecticut & Southeastern New York State Januzzi, 1989
  • Ohio
    • Adams Co.
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
    • Cuyahoga Co.
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
    • Franklin Co.
      • Columbus
Van King
Ernest H. Carlson. Jerret Whitford. "Occurrence And Mineralogy Of Efflorescence In Late Devonian Black Shales, North-Central Ohio." 2002 GSA Meeting: Web: http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2002AM/finalprogram/abstract_44706.htm
    • Hancock Co.
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
    • Highland Co.
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
    • Huron Co.
      • Monroeville
        • West Branch Huron River
http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2002AM/finalprogram/abstract_44706.htm
    • Ottawa Co.
      • South Bass Island
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
    • Sandusky Co.
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
    • Wood Co.
      • West Millgrove
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
      • Weston
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
    • Wyandot Co.
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
  • Pennsylvania
    • Luzerne Co.
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 46-47; Barnes, John H. (1973), "Three New Minerals for PA," PA Geol., Vol. 4(4):31; Finkelman, Robert B., et al (1974), "O
    • York Co.
      • East Manchester Township
        • Emigsville
http://www.jonesgeo.com/codorus.htm
  • Tennessee
    • Sevier Co.
      • Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • White Canyon District
        • Red Canyon
Journal of Geosciences, 60 (2015), 1–10; Kampf, A.R., Kasatkin, A.V., Čejka, J., Marty, J. (2015): Plášilite, Na(UO2)(SO4)(OH)•2H2O, a new uranyl sulfate mineral from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Journal of Geosciences. 60, 1-10
        • White Canyon
USGS TEI #514
  • Virginia
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Buckingham Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Frederick Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Highland Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
        • Mineral
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Rockbridge Co.
      • Glasgow
Rocks & Min.: 60:157.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Wise Co.
      • East Stone Gap
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Little Whiskey Mountain
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
  • Wyoming
    • Park Co.
      • Beartooth Mts
Rolf Luetcke
Venezuela
 
Franco Urbani (2009) Venezuelan Cave Minerals: Second Review. Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. p 345
Mineral and/or Locality  
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