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About Hingganite-(Y)Hide

6 - 7
Crystal System:
After the type locality in the Greater Hinggan (Khingan) Mts, Qiqihaer Prefecture, Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria), China, plus the "-(Y)" suffix in allusion to the dominance of yttrium in the composition.

Y analogue of hingganite-(Yb) and hingganite-(Ce). Also the vacancy analogue of Unnamed (OH-analogue of gadolinite-(Y)).
Difficult to distinguish from gadolinite-(Y).

Originally called yttroceberysite, later redefinition while applying Levinson rule (see references), renamed and IMA-approved in 2007.

Nd-dominant analogue is also known.

Classification of Hingganite-(Y)Hide

Renamed by the IMA

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
J : Nesosilicates with BO3 triangles and/or B[4], Be[4] tetrahedra, cornersharing with SiO4

54 : NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
2 : Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
3 : Silicates of Be

Physical Properties of Hingganite-(Y)Hide

6 - 7 on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of Hingganite-(Y)Hide

IMA Formula:
Idealised Formula:

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
CaO5.66 %
Y2O337.34 %
La2O31.35 %
Ce2O34.90 %
Nd2O30.55 %
Al2O30.90 %
FeO3.93 %
SiO228.85 %
BeO %
H2O %
Total:83.48 %
Sample references:
1Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Drangedal, Telemark, NorwayChukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastvetaeva, R.M., Kristiansen, R., Pekov, I., Belakovskiy, D., Van, V.K., Bychkova, Y.V., and Britvin, S. (2017) Crystal structure of the OH-dominant gadolinite-(Y) analogue, (Y,Ca)2(Fe,?)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2 from Heftetjern pegmatite, Norway. Acta Crystallographica: B73: 899-906.

Crystallography of Hingganite-(Y)Hide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.790 Å, b = 7.545 Å, c = 9.989 Å
β = 91°
a:b:c = 0.635 : 1 : 1.324
Unit Cell V:
360.95 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
4.790 (5)
3.462 (5)
3.148 (10)
2.685 (10)
2.569 (6)
1.985 (5)
1.880 (5)

Type Occurrence of Hingganite-(Y)Hide

Synonyms of Hingganite-(Y)Hide

Other Language Names for Hingganite-(Y)Hide

Simplified Chinese:钇兴安石

Relationship of Hingganite-(Y) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10Mon. 2/m
Gadolinite-(Nd)Nd2Fe2+Be2O2(SiO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Hingganite-(Nd)(Nd,Y,Ce,Sm)2(◻,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Minasgeraisite-(Y)BiCa(Y,Ln)2(□,Mn)2(Be,B,Si)4Si4O16 [(OH),O]4Tric. 1 : P1
Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2Mon. 2/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz13 photos of Hingganite-(Y) associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Fluorite8 photos of Hingganite-(Y) associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.
Hingganite-(Ce)5 photos of Hingganite-(Y) associated with Hingganite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Calciogadolinite-(Y)4 photos of Hingganite-(Y) associated with Calciogadolinite-(Y) on mindat.org.
Microcline4 photos of Hingganite-(Y) associated with Microcline on mindat.org.
Thorite3 photos of Hingganite-(Y) associated with Thorite on mindat.org.
Hellandite-(Y)2 photos of Hingganite-(Y) associated with Hellandite-(Y) on mindat.org.
Amazonite2 photos of Hingganite-(Y) associated with Amazonite on mindat.org.
Synchysite-(Ce)2 photos of Hingganite-(Y) associated with Synchysite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Genthelvite2 photos of Hingganite-(Y) associated with Genthelvite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AJ.Hingganite-(Nd)(Nd,Y,Ce,Sm)2(◻,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AJ.05Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AJ.05Ominelite(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AJ.10Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AJ.10Holtite(Ta0.60.4)Al6BSi3O18(O,OH)2.25Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.AJ.10Magnesiodumortierite(Mg,Ti,◻(Al,Mg)2Al4Si3O18-y(OH)yB y = 2-3Orth.
9.AJ.20BakeriteCa4(H5B5Si3O20)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AJ.20DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AJ.20Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10Mon. 2/m
9.AJ.20Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AJ.20Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AJ.20HomiliteCa2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AJ.20Minasgeraisite-(Y)BiCa(Y,Ln)2(□,Mn)2(Be,B,Si)4Si4O16 [(OH),O]4Tric. 1 : P1
9.AJ.30Cappelenite-(Y)Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2Trig. 3 : P3
9.AJ.35Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14Trig. 3m : R3m
9.AJ.35Hundholmenite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca,Na)15(Al,Fe3+)(CaxAs3+1-x)(Si,As5+)Si6B3(O,F)48Trig. 3m : R3m
9.AJ.35Proshchenkoite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE,Ca,Na,Mn)15Fe2+(P,Si)Si6B3O34F14Trig. 3m : R3m
9.AJ.40JadariteLiNaSiB3O7(OH)Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

54.2.1a.1DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
54.2.1a.2Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.3.1PhenakiteBe2SiO4Trig. 3 : R3
14.3.2BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
14.3.3BerylliteBe3(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
14.3.4LiberiteLi2BeSiO4Mon. m : Pm
14.3.5ChkaloviteNa2BeSi2O6Orth. mm2 : Fdd2
14.3.6EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
14.3.7EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
14.3.10Semenovite-(Ce)Na8Ca2FeBe6Ce2Si14O40(OH)4F4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.3.12Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.3.15Minasgeraisite-(Y)BiCa(Y,Ln)2(□,Mn)2(Be,B,Si)4Si4O16 [(OH),O]4Tric. 1 : P1
14.3.16SørenseniteNa4SnBe2Si6O16(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.3.17TrimeriteCaMn2+2Be3(SiO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
14.3.18ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
14.3.19Tvedalite(Ca,Mn)4Be3Si6O17(OH)4 · 3H2OOrth.
14.3.21SverigeiteNaMnMgSnBe2(SiO4)3(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
14.3.23Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.3.24Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10Mon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hingganite-(Y)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1974), 59, 700.
Ding Xiaoshi, Bai Ge, Uuan Zhongxin, and Sun Luren (1981): Yttroceberysite, a new Ce-Be-rich silicate. Dizhi Lun Ping [Geology Review] 27(5), 459-466 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Soviet Physics, Crystallography : (1983), 28, 269.
Ximen Lulu and Peng Zhizhong (1985): Crystal structure of xingganite. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5, 290-293 (in Chinese with English abstract).
American Mineralogist (1987), 72, 1031 (Appendix 2).
American Mineralogist (1988), 73, 441.
Petersen, O.V., Rønsbo, J.G. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1994): Hingganite-(Y) from the Zomba-Malosa complex, Malawi. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1994, 185-192.
International Mineralogical Association, General Meeting Program Abstracts (1994), 195.
Demartin, F., Minaglia, A. and Gramaccioli, C.M. (2001) Characterization of gadolinite-group minerals using crystallographic data only: the case of hingganite-(Y) from Cuasso al Monte, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist 39(4), 1105-1114.
Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S., Yokoama, K. & Okamoto, A. (2007): Hingganite-(Ce) and hingganite-(Y) from Tahara, Hirukawa-mura, Gifu Prefecture, Japan: The description on a new mineral species of the Ce-analogue of hingganite-(Y) with a refinement of the crystal structure of hingganite-(Y). Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences: 102, 1-7.

Internet Links for Hingganite-(Y)Hide

Localities for Hingganite-(Y)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Gloggnitz
Kolitsch, U., Auer, C., Schachinger, T., Slama, M. (2018): 2093) Aeschynit-(Y), Allanit-(Ce), Ankerit, Ankylith-(Ce), Bastnäsit-(Ce), Cassiterit, Cubanit, Fergusonit-(Y) (?), Hingganit-(Y), Ilmenit, Rutil, Synchisit-(Y), Synchisit-(Ce), Thorit, Xenotim-(Y) und Zirkon vom niederösterreichischen Anteil des Semmering-Basistunnels, Niederösterreich. Pp. 231-236 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Untersulzbach valley
        • Abichl Alp - Beryller area
Stephan Wolfsried collection
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
PAPOUTSA, A.D. & PE-PIPER, G. (2013) The relationship between REE-Y-Nb-Th minerals and the evolution of an A-type granite, Wentworth Pluton, Nova Scotia. American Mineralogist 98, 444-462.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Unpublished analytical data ROM & CMN 2006.
BROSSEAU-LIARD, A. (2012) The nature and origin of REE and associated rare metal mineralization in the
China (TL)
  • Heilongjiang
    • Qiqihaer
      • Greater Hinggan Mts (Greater Khingan Mts)
Xiaoshi Ding, Ge Bai, Zhongxian Yuan, and Luren Sun (1981): Geological Review 46(5), 459-466
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Tongliao League (Tongliao Prefecture)
      • Jarud Banner (Zalute Co.)
        • Baerzhe complex
Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Wubin Yang, Qiang Shan, Zhenhua Zhao, Yong Luo, Xueyuan Yu, Ningbo Li, and Hecai Niu (2011): Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition) 41(6), 1689-1704
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Savoie
      • Lanslebourg
De Ascençao Guedes, R., Meisser, N., Janots, E., Grand'Homme, A., Parseval, P. et Schaub, L. (2013) - Thorite, dessauite-(Y), hingganite-(Y) et monazite-(Ce) au Mont-Cenis, Savoie. Le Règne Minéral n°112, pp 27-31, Editions du Piat.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Luzenac
Perseval et al.(1997): Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, Ser. 11a, 324, 625-630; Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 4, 3+8-12 (1990)
  • Saxony
    • Görlitz
      • Königshain
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
      • Thiemendorf
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Maremola Valley
        • Magliolo
Bracco, R., Balestra, C., Castellaro, F., Mills, S.J., Ma, C., Callegari, A.M., Boiocchi, M., Bersani, D., Cadoni, M., Ciriotti, M.E. (2012): Nuovi minerali di terre rare da Costa Balzi Rossi, Magliolo (SV), Liguria. Micro. 2/2012. 66-77.
  • Lombardy
    • Varese Province
      • Ceresio Valley
Demartin, Francesco, Alessandro Minaglia, and Carlo Maria Gramaccioli (2001) Characterization of gadolinite-group minerals using crystallographic data only: the case of hingganite-(Y) from Cuasso al Monte, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist: 39(4): 1105-1114; Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2004. Contributo alla mineralogia del granofiro di Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 194-202.
          • Cavagnano
Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F., Demartin, F. (2004): Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4 (4-2004), 194-202; Pezzotta F., Diella V., Guastoni A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, southern Alps, Italy. Am. Mineral., 84, 782-789.
see http://imgdb.amiminerals.it/picture.php?/1244/category/112
          • Cuasso al Piano
Guastoni, A., Pezzotta,F., Demartin, F. (2004): Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4 (4-2004), 194-202.
Pezzotta F., Diella V., Guastoni A. (1999): Chemical and paragenetic data on gadolinite-group minerals from Baveno and Cuasso al Monte, southern Alps, Italy. Am. Mineral., 84, 782-789.
sergio varvello
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Feriolo
Nestola, F., Guastoni, A., Cámara, F., Secco, L., Dal Negro, A., Pedron, D., Beran, A. (2009): Aluminocerite-Ce: A new species from Baveno, Italy: Description and crystal-structure determination. American Mineralogist, 94, 487-493.
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
Giovanni Scapin collection
American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 487–493, 2009
      • Omegna
- Albertini,C. (2000) : Ritrovamenti nel Rio Inferno, Brughiere di Omegna. Prima segnalazione nel granito di Baveno : uranofane-beta - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, XXIV, 2, 88-92. - Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Ossola Valley
        • Divedro Valley
          • Varzo
Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M., and van der Burgt, A. (2016) Le allaniti e i minerali di terre rare dell'Alpe Veglia (Varzo, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 40, 4 (4-2016), 212-241.
        • Formazza Valley
          • Formazza
            • Vallone del Vannino
Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No); DeMartin, F., Pilati, T., Diella, V., Gentile, P. & Gramaccioli, C. M. (1993): A crystal-chemical investigation of Alpine gadolinite. Can. Mineral. 31, 127-136.
      • Stresa
Sergio Varvello collection
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
      • La Maddalena
        • La Maddalena Island
Billows, E. (1941): I minerali della Sardegna ed i loro giacimenti. Sardegna Mineraria, Istituto per gli studi Sardi, Regia Università di Cagliari.
  • Fukushima
    • Kawamata
      • Iizaka Village (Iisaka)
Toshinori Kobayashi specimen.
  • Gifu
    • Nakatsugawa City
      • Hirukawa
Miyawaki, R. et al (1987) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 18, 17-30.
Ritsuro Miyawaki et al (2004) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou’en-Youshi, 130; Ritsuro Miyawaki, Satoshi Matsubara, Kazumi Yokoama, Akiyoshi Okamoto (2007) Hingganite-(Ce) and hingganite-(Y) from Tahara, Hirukawa-mura, Gifu Prefecture, Japan: The description on a new mineral species of the Ce-analogue of hingganite-(Y) with a refinement of the crystal structure of hingganite-(Y). Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 102, No. 1 February, 1-7.
  • Shiga
    • Otsu City
Takada & Matsubara (1989) Chigaku Kenkyu, 38, 7-14.
  • East Kazakhstan
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Southern Region
    • Zomba
Petersen, O.V., Rønsbo, J.G. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1994): Hingganite-(Y) from the Zomba-Malosa complex, Malawi. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. Heft 4: 185-192; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
      • Khaldzan Buragtag massif
        • Mount Ulyn Khuren
P.M. Kartashov data
Kartashov P.M., Voloshin A.V., PakhomovskiiYa.A. On the zonal crystaline gadolinite from the alkaline granite pegmatites of Haldzan Buragtag (Mongolian Altai), - Zapiski VMO, 1993,N3,p. 65-79.
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmolyuk, V. V., Sal nikova, E. B., Kartashov, P. M., Kovach, V. P., Kozakov, I. K., ... & Yakovleva, S. Z. (2004). The Khaldzan-Buregtei Massif of peralkaline rare-metal igneous rocks: structure, geochronology, and geodynamic setting in the Caledonides of Western Mongolia. Petrology c/c of Petrologiia, 12(5), 412-436.
  • Buskerud
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Gunhildrud
Sunde, Ø., Selbekk, R.S., Friis, H. & Andersen, T. (2013): Bakstevalåsen, en unik Be-Sn-B pegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 50, 43-48
  • Nordland
    • Sørfold
Ellingsen, H.V., Haugen, A., Raade, G., Eldjarn, K. & Berg, H.-J., (1995): Sjeldne mineraler i en amazonittpegmatitt ved Tennvatn i Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skriftserie 9, 35-37
    • Tysfjord
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
      • Hornsund fjord
J. Majka, J. Prsek, B. Budzyn, P. Bacík, A. K. Barker, and M. Lodzinski (2011): Fluorapatite-hingganite-(Y) coronas as products of fluid-induced xenotime-(Y) breakdown in the Skoddefjellet pegmatite, Svalbard. Mineralogical Magazine 75, 159-167.
  • Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
Mineral. Pet. 75:89-99; Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Skrifter Norsk Bergverkmuseum 17:19-25; Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C. & Kristiansen, R. (2018): Refinements of crystal structure of hingganite-(Y): Cation ordering and lowering symmetry. Abstracts, Annual meeting of REE society of Japan, March 2018.; Kristiansen, R. (2018): Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.
Kristiansen, R. (1998): Høydalen Litium-pegmatitt-Tørdal i Telemark. STEIN 25 (4), 21-30
    • Kragerø
      • Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen pegmatite
Larsen, K. E. (2008): Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen, Kragerø- en klassisk norsk granittpegmatitt. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 38, 37-44
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
      • Tvedalen
Haugen, A & Ellingsen, H.V (1991):Hvordan man finner et nytt mineral. STEIN 18 (3), 28-29.; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
    • Sandefjord
      • Haneholmveien
Larsen, A.O., Škoda, R. & Larsen, K.E. (2013): Hingganite-(Y) from a syenite pegmatite at Virikkollen, Sandefjord, Vestfold, Norway. Stein. Særhefte 1, 23-24
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
    • Peshawar
      • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
Ikram Mineralogy
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Dzierżoniów Co.
      • Piława Górna
        • DSS Piława Górna Quarry
Pieczka, A., Hawthorne, F.C., Cooper, M.A., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Turniak, K., Nejbert, K., Ilnicki, S. (2015): Pilawite-(Y), Ca2(Y,Yb)2[Al4(SiO4)4O2(OH)2], a new mineral from the Piława Górna granitic pegmatite, southwestern Poland: mineralogical data, crystal structure and association. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1143-1157.; Szuszkiewicz, A., Szełęg, E., Pieczka, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K., ... & Michałowski, P. (2013) The Julianna pegmatite vein system at the Piława Górna Mine, Góry Sowie Block, SW Poland–preliminary data on geology and descriptive mineralogy. Geological Quarterly, 2013, 57 (3): 000–000
    • Jelenia Góra Co.
      • Szklarska Poręba
Pieczka A., Gołębiowska B. 2002: Pegmatites of the Szklarska Poręba Huta granite quarry: preliminary data on REE-mineralization. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, 175-177; Kozłowski, A., & Matyszczak, W. (2018). Oxygenic bismuth minerals in the NE part of the Karkonosze pluton (West Sudetes, SW Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, 68(4).; Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
  • Azores
    • São Miguel Island
      • Água de Pau Massif
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Keivy Mountains
      • Western Keivy Massif
Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А.] (1986): Minerals and evolution of mineral formation in amazonite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Минералы и эволюция минералообразования в амазонитовых пегматитах Кольского полуострова]. Nauka, Leningrad, 168 pp. (in Russian); Pekov I.V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures, Moscow, 369 pp.
  • Tuva
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Ondrejka M., Pršek J., Bačík P., Uher P., (2008): Vzácne prvková Y-REE-(Be) mineralizácia na ložisku Bacúch (veporikum) – monazit s anomálnym obsahom S a Sr, minerály gadolinitovej skupiny (abstract). Seminár k 80-tinám prof M.Mišíka, Bratsilava. Mineralia Slovaca, Geovestnik 3-4, 40, 202-203
Pršek, J., Ondrejka, M., Bačík, P., Budzyń, B., & Uher, P. (2010). Metamorphic-hydrothermal REE minerals in the Bacúch magnetite deposit, Western Carpathians, Slovakia:(Sr, S)-rich monazite-(Ce) and Nd-dominant hingganite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(1), 81-94.
  • Stockholm County
    • Nynäshamn
Langhof, J., Jonsson, E. & Gustafsson, L. (2016): Sekundära Be-mineral i svenska granitpegmatiter-en översikt. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2016: 43-52
  • Västerbotten County
    • Skellefteå
      • Skellefte mining district
Nysten,P. & Gustafsson, L.(2006): I jakt på sällsynta mineral. Geologiskt forum nr 49, 22-25
  • Grisons
    • Vorderrhein Valley
      • Tujetsch (Tavetsch)
        • Nalps Valley
Richard Gunter Collection
  • Valais
    • Binn Valley
      • Chummibort
See references at locality description - cuchet et al. 2014, Schweizer Strahler. I am co-author - M. Crumbach
    • Collonges
      • Plex
Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Bethlehem
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Mineral and/or Locality  
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