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Hisingerite

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Wilhelm Hisinger
Formula:
Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Colour:
Black, Brownish-black, dark brown, dark green
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Specific Gravity:
2.43 - 2.67
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1828 by Jöns Jakob Berzelius in honor of Wilhelm Hisinger [December 23, 1766 Västmanland, Sweden – June 28, 1852 Skinnskatteberg, Västmanland, Sweden]. Hisinger was a Swedish chemist and mineralogist who worked with Jöns Jakob Berzelius researching electrolysis and the consistency of certain elements to be attracted to similarly charged poles. Hisinger was a co-discoverer of the element cerium, with Berzelius.
Amorphous to poorly crystalline hydrated iron(III) layer silicate.

Compare neotocite and siderogel.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of HisingeriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.ED.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
D : Phyllosilicates with kaolinite layers composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.1.5.2

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
1 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
14.19.8

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
19 : Silicates of Fe

Physical Properties of HisingeriteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Black, Brownish-black, dark brown, dark green
Streak:
Yellowish brown, green
Hardness:
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Conchoidal, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
2.43 - 2.67 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.23 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HisingeriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
Dispersion:
r < v
Comments:
Frequently isotropic, may have anisotropic areas
Comments:
RI may be 1.5-1.6

Chemical Properties of HisingeriteHide

Formula:
Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
Fe2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Common Impurities:
Al,Mg,Ca

Crystallography of HisingeriteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.40 Å, b = 9.03 Å, c = 14.99 Å
β = 98.32°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.598 : 1 : 1.66
Unit Cell V:
723.25 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Massive, compact, may be minutely botryoidal or crudely spherical.
Comment:
Amorphous to poorly crystalline

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
16.0 (40)
7.46 (40)
6.27 (20)
5.20 (40)
4.69 (40)
4.41 (20)
4.23 (100)
3.83 (40)
3.67 (40)
3.41 (60)
3.11 (20)
2.936 (20)
2.713 (80)
2.584 (60)
2.456 (100)
2.254 (80)
2.196 (80)
2.097 (20)
1.917 (40)
1.799 (40)
1.720 (100)
1.649 (20)
1.614 (40)
1.568 (80)
1.549 (80)
1.459 (60)
1.428 (20)
1.391 (20)
1.360 (40)
1.316 (40)
Comments:
ICDD 26-1140. Note 1: May be very poorly crystalline with d = 4.45 (s), 3.53 (s), 2.56 (s), 1.71 (s), 1.54 (s) and may be very similar to data of neotocite. Note 2: The former hisingerite pattern has significant shifts from ICDD 26-1140.

Type Occurrence of HisingeriteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Weathered zone of a cobalt and Rare Earth element polymetallic deposit.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of HisingeriteHide

Other Language Names for HisingeriteHide

Varieties of HisingeriteHide

Aluminian HisingeriteAn aluminium containing variety of Hisingerite
Chrome-Alumina-HisingeriteA chromian Nontronite
DegeroiteA magnesian variety of Hisingerite.
Originally reported from Degerö silver mine, Kaitalahti, Helsinki, Southern Finland Region, Finland

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Pyrite11 photos of Hisingerite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Calcite8 photos of Hisingerite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Apophyllite6 photos of Hisingerite associated with Apophyllite on mindat.org.
Limonite5 photos of Hisingerite associated with Limonite on mindat.org.
Fluorite5 photos of Hisingerite associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.
Chalcopyrite4 photos of Hisingerite associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.
Lemoynite3 photos of Hisingerite associated with Lemoynite on mindat.org.
Galena3 photos of Hisingerite associated with Galena on mindat.org.
Albite3 photos of Hisingerite associated with Albite on mindat.org.
Mooihoekite3 photos of Hisingerite associated with Mooihoekite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.ED.ClinochrysotileMon. 2/m
9.ED.05DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.05KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.ED.05NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.05Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.10HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.10Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m
9.ED.15AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.ED.15AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.15Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.15Brindleyite(Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15CaryopiliteMn2+3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15CronstedtiteFe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
9.ED.15Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15KellyiteMn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex.
9.ED.15LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
9.ED.15ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8Orth.
9.ED.15Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4Orth.
9.ED.15PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
9.ED.20Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2OAmor.
9.ED.20ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2OOrth.
9.ED.20ImogoliteAl2SiO3(OH)4
9.ED.20Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.
9.ED.25BismutoferriteFe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.25ChapmaniteFe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)Mon. m : Bm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

71.1.5.1Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2OAmor.
71.1.5.1ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.
71.1.5.3ImogoliteAl2SiO3(OH)4
71.1.5.4Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.19.1FayaliteFe2+2SiO4Orth.
14.19.2FerrosiliteFeSiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
14.19.3LaihuniteFe2+Fe3+2(SiO4)2Mon.
14.19.4Ferro-anthophyllite☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth.
14.19.5FerripyrophylliteFe3+Si2O5(OH)Mon.
14.19.6Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
14.19.7CronstedtiteFe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m

Fluorescence of HisingeriteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HisingeriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Berzelius, Jöns Jakob (1828) Poggendorff, v. 13, p. 505.
Whelan, J. A. and Goldich, S. S. (1961): New data for hisingerite and neotocite. Amer. Mineral., 46, 1412-1423.
Clark, A. M., A. J. Easton, and M. Mount (1978): A study of the neotocite group. Mineral. Mag., 42, 279-280, M26-M27.
Eggleton, R. A., J. H. Pennington, R. S. Freeman, and I. M. Threadgold (1983): Structural aspects of the hisingerite-neotocite series. Clay Minerals, 18, 21-31.
Clays and Clay Minerals (1984): 32: 272.
Journal of the Czech Geological Society, Prague (1996): 41 (1-2), 7-14.
Clays and Clay Minerals, 46 (4), 400-413, 1998.

Internet Links for HisingeriteHide

Localities for HisingeriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
Birch BH Book
        • Southern operations mine (Pasminco mine; Perilya mine; Consolidated Zinc Mine; CRA mine; New Broken Hill Consolidated Mine; NBHC Mine)
Minerals of Broken Hill, Worner, Dr H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds.
  • Queensland
    • North Burnett Region
      • Gayndah
Ashley, P. M. (1980): Geology of the Ban Ban zinc deposit, a sulfide-bearing skarn, Southeast Queensland, Australia. Economic Geology 75, 15-29.
  • Tasmania
    • Brighton municipality
      • Bridgewater
R Bottrill, unpub analysis
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
Bottrill, unpub.
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan District
        • Dundas mineral field
Ralph Bottrill pers comm
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Geelong
      • Fyansford
        • Lower Paper Mills Road
Shayan, Ahmad (1984) Hisingerite material from a basalt quarry near Geelong, Victoria, Australia. Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol 32, No.4, pp 272-278.
Clays and Clay Minerals 36:327-336
  • Western Australia
    • Leonora Shire
      • Agnew Goldfield (Lawlers)
Agnew Gold Mine. Technical Short Form Report; Goldfields Ltd; 31/12/2011
    • Westonia Shire
      • Westonia
Simpson, E.S., (1948) Minerals of Western Australia. Volume 1-3. Government Printer, Perth.
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Ayopaya Province
Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection
      • Independencia
Alfredo Petrov and Jaroslav Hyrsl collections
  • La Paz Department
    • Murillo Province
Dr. Fritz Berndt ore collection, # R-110.
  • Oruro Department
    • Dalence Province
      • Huanuni
[MinRec 32:472]
      • Santa Fé Mining District
[MinRec 32:475]
  • Potosí Department
    • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
      • Llallagua
[MinRec 32:474]; Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Thompson Nickel Belt
      • Moab-Setting Lakes area
Chen, Yuan, "Precious-metal Mineralization And Sulfide-silicate Relationships In Some Canadian Nickel-copper Sulfide Deposits: Thompson Mine, Manitoba; Sudbury, Ontario; Dundonald Beach, Ontario" (1993). Digitized Theses. Paper 2231.
  • Ontario
    • Parry Sound District
      • Cowper Township
G. M. Schwartz (1924),AM V9, page 141
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Montmagny RCM
        • St-Fabien-de-Panet
Sabina (1992) GSC Misc. Report 46, 62
    • Mauricie
      • Mékinac RCM
Sabina, A.P. (1983) Rocks & minerals for the collector: Kingston Ontario to Lac Saint-Jean, Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 32, 73-74.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
    • Outaouais
      • Gatineau TE
        • Gatineau Park
SABINA, A.P. (1987) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec, Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41, 11.
Chile
 
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Collahuasi District
Sulphides analysed by geology dep. of company; sulphates, phosphates, analysed by Bob Jenkins (Usa) 2007
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Hexigten Banner (Keshiketeng Co.)
Ottens, B. and G. Neumeier (2012) The Huanggang Mine, Inner Mongolia, China. Mineralogical Record 43:529-563
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Josef Vajdak (2008) Mineral News, 24, #3, 15.
    • Pardubice Region
Povondra, P.: Minerály neotokit – hisingerotivé řady z Chvaletic v Železných horách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 29-30.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
Fojt, B., Hladíková, J., Kalenda, F.: Zlaté Hory ve Slezsku – největší rudní revír v Jeseníkách. Část 2.: C. Geologie D. Mineralogie E. geochemie stabilních prvků. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 2001, roč. 86, s. 3 - 58.
Finland
 
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Helsinki
      • Laajasalo
        • Kaitalahti
[var: Degeroite] Holmberg, H. J. (1857): Mineralogischer Wegweiser durch Finland. Bidrag till Finlands naturkännendom, etnografi och statistik. Vol 1. Finska Vetenskaps-societeten. (p.4)
France
 
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Dordogne
      • Nontron
Cuchet, S., Ansermet S. & Meisser, N. (2008) L'embreyite et l'hisingerite du filon du Cantonnier, Nontron, Dordogne (France), Le Règne Minéral, 84, 23-24.
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Canaveilles
Guitard, G. (2010): Catalogue raisonné de la collection de minéralogie régionale, C.E.R.P. de Tautavel, 143.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Röhrnbach
Habel, M. (2009): Der Granodioritbruch der Fa. Josef Uhrmann OHG, Steinerleinbach bei Röhrnbach. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 66-86.
      • Untergriesbach
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Palatinate
      • Kusel
        • Reichweiler
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Breitenbrunn
Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig.
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
No reference listed
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
[Mineralogical Record - Vol 24 No 2]; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
  • Qaasuitsup
    • Qeqertarsuaq Island (Disko Island)
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.346))
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Recsk
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min.Spec., 1993
Israel
 
  • Negev
Vapnik, Y., Sokol, E., Murashko M., Sharygin V. (2006): The enigma of Hatrurim. Mineralogical Almanac, 10, 69-77.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Celle Ligure
Rellini I., Trombino L., Carbone C., Firpo M. (2011): Petroplinthite formation in a Quaternary complex paleosol along NW Italian coast: from micromorphology to landscape evolution. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 13-2011; Balestra C. (2014): Sistematica ligure 2014. Prie, 10, 35-37; Rellini I., Trombino L., Carbone C., Firpo, M. (2014): Petroplinthite formation in a pedosedimentary sequence along a northern Mediterranean coast: from micromorphology to landscape evolution. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 1-18.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Kitami
Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (conserved by the Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Yamanashi Prefecture
        • Koshu
Alfredo Petrov collection
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Niimi City
          • Ohsa-osakabe
Alfredo Petrov collection
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); T. Sudo and T. Nakamura (1952) American Mineralogist, 37, 618-621
    • Kanto Region
      • Saitama Prefecture
        • Chichibu City
          • Ohtaki-mura
            • Nakatsugawa
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Kinki Region
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Kyoto City
          • Sakyou-ku
Alfredo Petrov field collected specimens (ID by appearance and physical properties; not analyzed)
      • Nara Prefecture
Alfredo Petrov collection
      • Wakayama Prefecture
T. Sudo and T. Nakamura (1952) American Mineralogist, 37, 618-621
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Kamaishi City
Imai, N. (1976) journal of the Japan Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 71, 255-263.
        • Ohshuu City
          • Esashi ward
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka prefecture
      • Munakata
Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (curated at Geological Survey museum, Japan)
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
      • Suzuyama District
T. Sudo and T. Nakamura (1952) American Mineralogist, 37, 618-621
    • Miyazaki prefecture
      • Hinokage-cho
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (conserved by the Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Okinawa Prefecture
        • Okinawa Island
          • Yanbaru region
Alfredo Petrov collection
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
      • Santa Eulalia District
        • East Camp
Panczner (1987): 77-395.
        • West Camp
          • Francisco Portillo
Panczner (1987):94-366.
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Iveland
      • Ljosland
        • Knipan (Knipane)
Breivik, H., Myre, K. & Gunnufsen, K. (2010): Gammelt og nytt, stort og smått fra Storsynken, Knipane, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 43: 88-93
  • Oppland
    • Lom
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, (p. 98).
Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp. (p.124)
  • Østfold
    • Hobøl
      • Mjærum
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 218.
  • Sør-Trøndelag
    • Klæbu
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM, p.233
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M. (2005): Neotocite and hisingerite from nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30:68-71
  • Vest-Agder
    • Farsund
Nordrum, F. S. (2007): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2006-2007. STEIN 34 (2), 14-26
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Tjølling
        • Klåstad
Dietrich, R.V. (1961): Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway No. 12. Hisingerite in "dark" Larvikite. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 41: 95-108
        • Viksfjord
Dietrich, R.V. (1961): Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway No. 12. Hisingerite in "dark" Larvikite. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 41: 95-108
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu; Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin, Y. L. (1965) Zircosulfate, a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 94: 530-533 (in russian)
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
[MinRec 32:8]
Rogulina, L.I., and Sveshnikova, O.L. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(1), 60-74.; Dobovol'skaya, M. G., Baskina, V. A., Balashova, S. P., Kenisarin, A. M., Arakelyants, M. M., Klimachev, L. A., & Muravitskaya, G. N. (1990). Order of Formation of the Ores and Mafic Dikes of the Nikolayevsk Deposit (Southern Primor'ye). International Geology Review, 32(4), 391-403.
American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 432-435
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
          • Kirovskii apatite mine (Kirovsky Mine; Kirovskii Mine; Kirov Mine)
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
          • Marchenko Peak
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
        • Rasvumchorr Mt
          • Rasvumchorr Mine
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pavel Kartashov specimens.
      • Lovozero Massif
        • Alluaiv Mt
          • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Viktor Grishin
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
No reference listed
    • Smedjebacken
No reference listed
  • Gästrikland
    • Hofors
No reference
  • Lappland
    • Malå
No reference listed
  • Östergötland
    • Åtvidaberg
No reference listed
    • Valdemarsvik
Sandström, F. (2007): Skrikerum. Litiofilen 24 (1), 22-38
  • Södermanland
    • Haninge
      • Utö
Otter, B. (2004): Utö-mineralriket. Berg & Mineral. 14 (nr 44), 28-36
  • Uppland
    • Norrtälje
      • Väddö
    • Östhammar
      • Dannemora
No reference listed
    • Vaxholm
      • Resarö
No reference listed
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark district
        • Finnshytteberg ore field (Finnshytte)
No reference listed
      • Nyttsta ore field
No reference listed
No reference listed
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
No reference listed
        • Yngshytte ore field
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
      • Boliden
        • Skellefteå Mine
Kjell Gatedal
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
No reference listed
    • Lindesberg
No reference listed
    • Ljusnarsberg
    • Nora
    • Norberg
    • Skinnskatteberg
Eggleton, R.A. and Tilley, D. B. (1998) Hisingerite: A Ferric Kaolin Mineral with Curved Morphology. Clays and Clay Minerals: 46 (4): 400-413.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Gwennap
          • Redruth
            • St Day
              • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • Truro
          • Kea
            • Baldhu
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Liskeard District
        • Linkinhorne
          • Liskeard
            • Minions
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
          • Minions
            • Phoenix United Mine
London Natural History Museum specimen
      • Mount's Bay District
        • Paul
          • Newlyn
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Carrock Fell
No reference listed
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
Chukhrov F.V., Gorshkov A.I., Berezovskaya V.V., Sivtsov A.V. (1987) New data on mineralogy of Kerch ores, - Izvestiya AN SSSR, ser. geol., 4, p. 60-77 (in Rus.)
        • Kerchenskyi (Fe)-ore basin
          • Kerchenskoe deposit
            • Katerlez Trough
Chukhrov F.V., Gorshkov A.I., Berezovskaya V.V., Sivtsov A.V. (1987) New data on mineralogy of Kerch ores, - Izvestiya AN SSSR, ser. geol., 4, p. 60-77 (in Rus.)
    • Simferopol area
      • Lozovoye Village area
Tischenko Alexander
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:69
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
Rob Bowell, lab tested
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
R.O. Meyer collection
      • Globe-Miami District
        • Miami-Inspiration District
          • Inspiration
            • Castle Dome area (Castle Dome Mine area; Pinto Valley Mine area)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 251; Peterson, N.P., et al (1951), Geology and ore deposits of the Castle Dome area, Gila Co., USGS Bull. 971; Peterson, N.P. (1947), Phosphate minerals in the Castle Dome copper deposit, AZ, Am.Min.: 32: 574-582.
    • Pima Co.
      • Tohono O'odom (Papago) Indian Reservation
        • Comobabi Mts
          • Cababi District (Comobabi District)
            • Ko Vaya
              • Mildren Mine group
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 251; Williams, S.A, (1963), Oxidation of sulfide ores in the Mildren and Steppe mining districts, Pima Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 58: 1119-1125.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 251; Williams, S.A, (1963), Oxidation of sulfide ores in the Mildren and Steppe mining districts, Pima Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 58: 1119-1125.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 252; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Eureka District
        • Bagdad
          • Bozarth Mesa
Anderson, C.A., et al (1955), Geology and ore deposits of the Bagdad area, Yavapai County, Arizona, USGS PP 278: 51.
  • California
    • Kern Co.
      • Kramer District (Kramer Borate District)
        • Boron
Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 152, 165, 168; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 66, 438; Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service: 22(9) (Sept 1969).
    • Los Angeles Co.
      • Santa Monica Mts
        • Agoura Hills
DeVito, A. N. (1997), Minerals of the Canwood construction site, Agoura Hills, California. Micro Probe: 8(5): 2-10.
    • Riverside Co.
      • San Bernardino Mts
        • Whitewater (White Water)
Alfredo Petrov, field observations, 14-06-2009
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
        • West Mayacmas District
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 373; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 355.
      • Santa Rosa
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 219; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 438.
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Dorchester District
        • Taylor Park
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Delaware
    • New Castle Co.
      • Wilmington
Rocks & Min.:11:216; 21:280-281; AmMin:9(1924):1-5.
  • Idaho
    • Blaine Co.
      • Hailey District
        • Bellevue
          • Minnie Moore and Silver Star-Queens Mine (Queen of the Hills; Relief Claim)
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Paris
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates. "Maine Mineral Localites, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al. , 1998
      • Peru
C. Burtic & R. Dionne collections.
  • Michigan
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
  • Minnesota
    • Crow Wing Co.
      • Cuyuna Range
Alfredo Petrov collection
    • St. Louis Co.
Bernard J.H. and Hyrsl J. (2004) Minerals and their Localities.
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Fairview District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Independence Mountains District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Osgood Mts
        • Potosi District
Min Rec 10:4 pp219-221
    • Mineral Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Madison
Rocks & Min 80:245
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Rocks & Min. 80:256 (2005)
  • New Mexico
    • Rio Arriba Co.
      • Petaca District
        • Las Tablas
          • La Jarita Mesa
Schreyer, W., and Chinner, G.A. (1966): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 12, 223-244.
  • New York
    • Orange Co.
Alfredo Petrov specimen
    • Putnam Co.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, 42-43 (Januzzi, 1966, 1989) (Trainer, 1938).
Leonard S.Wiener and Sigrid Ballew,1995, Updated by Kenny Gay,2006, A Listing Of North Carolina Minerals,Geologic Note No.4
Davidson,S.C.,1927,The Hiddenite Occurrence In North Carolina:American Mineralogist,Vol.12,1927,pg.305-307
Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No .C1679-00
    • Ashe Co.
      • Ore Knob
Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region :U.S Geological Survey Professional Paper 179
    • Macon Co.
Ross, C.S.,(1935) Origin of the copper deposits of the Ducktown type in the Southern Appalachian region:USGS Professional Paper 179
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lancaster Co.
      • Bart Township
        • Gap
Min.Rec.:21:103; Dana 6:1069; Dana 7:I:235,241 & II:490.
  • Utah
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Carroll Co.
      • Southern Section-Blue Ridge Province
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Skagit Co.
      • Mount Vernon
Mustoe, G. E. (1996b). Hisingerite—a rare iron mineral from Walker Valley, Skagit County, Washington. Washington Geology v. 24, n. 4 (December, 1996) pp 14-19.
    • Stevens Co.
      • Hunters
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
      • Spokane Indian Reservation
        • Wellpinit
Nash, J. T., & Lehrman, N. J. (1975). Geology of the Midnite uranium mine, Stevens County, Washington; a preliminary report (No. 75-402). US Geological Survey],.
  • Wisconsin
    • Marathon Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (1987) 62:188-195
Rocks & Min.: 62: 188.
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