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Hodrušite

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Formula:
Cu8Bi12S22
Colour:
Steel-grey with slight yellowish tint - tarnishes to brownish bronze
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4 - 5
Specific Gravity:
6.35
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named for the type locality, Banska Hodrusa, Slovakia.
Structurally closely related to cuprobismutite and kupčíkite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of HodrušiteHide

Approved
2.JA.10c

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
A : Galena derivatives with little or no Pb
Dana 7th ed.:
3.8.4.1
3.8.4.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
8 : 1 < ø < 2
5.1.10

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
1 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Cu

Physical Properties of HodrušiteHide

Metallic
Colour:
Steel-grey with slight yellowish tint - tarnishes to brownish bronze
Streak:
(not reported)
Hardness:
4 - 5 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=187 - 213 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Density:
6.35 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.451 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HodrušiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
very feeble
Bireflectance:
very weak (in oil only)
Colour in reflected light:
creamy with slight pinkish tint
Internal Reflections:
none

Chemical Properties of HodrušiteHide

Formula:
Cu8Bi12S22
IMA Formula:
Cu4Bi6S11

Crystallography of HodrušiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 27.205 Å, b = 3.927 Å, c = 17.575 Å
β = 92°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 6.928 : 1 : 4.475
Unit Cell V:
1,876.46 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of HodrušiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Needle shaped crystals less than 1 mm. Also platy aggregates
Geological Setting of Type Material:
150 and 250 meter mining levels on Rosalia vein.
Reference:
Kodêra, M., Kupcik, V., Makovicky, E. (1970) Hodrushite-a new sulphosalt, Mineralogical Magazine: 37: 641-648.

Synonyms of HodrušiteHide

Other Language Names for HodrušiteHide

Relationship of Hodrušite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24Mon. 2/m : B2/m
KupčíkiteCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Chalcopyrite4 photos of Hodrušite associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.
Hematite3 photos of Hodrušite associated with Hematite on mindat.org.
Quartz2 photos of Hodrušite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Sphalerite1 photo of Hodrušite associated with Sphalerite on mindat.org.
Siderite1 photo of Hodrušite associated with Siderite on mindat.org.
Aikinite1 photo of Hodrušite associated with Aikinite on mindat.org.
Pyrite1 photo of Hodrušite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JA.05eBenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05gBorodaeviteAg5(Bi,Pb,Fe)8(Sb,Bi)2S17Mon.
2.JA.05aCupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05aKitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
2.JA.05iLivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.JA.05dMakovickyiteCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9Mon. 2/m
2.JA.05fMummeiteCu0.58Ag3.11Pb1.10Bi6.65S13Mon.
2.JA.05aPavoniteAgBi3S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05bGrumipluciteHgBi2S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05hMozgovaitePbBi4(S,Se)7Orth.
2.JA.05dCupromakovickyiteCu4AgPb2Bi9S18Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05cKudriavite(Cd,Pb)Bi2S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05aCupromakopavoniteAg3Cu8Pb4Bi19S38Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05DantopaiteCu1.06Ag4.24Pb0.9Bi12.23S21.89Te0.11Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.10aCuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.10ePadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.
2.JA.10dPizgrischite(Cu,Fe)Cu14PbBi17S35Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.10bKupčíkiteCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.15SchapbachiteAg0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4SIso.
2.JA.15CuboargyriteAgSbS2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.JA.20BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.JA.20MatilditeAgBiS2Hex.
2.JA.20VolynskiteAgBiTe2Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.8.4.2PadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.1.1SinneriteCu6As4S9Tric. 1 : P1
5.1.2TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.4ChalcostibiteCuSbS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.1.5TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.6GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.7EmplectiteCuBiS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
5.1.8CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.1.9WitticheniteCu3BiS3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
5.1.11GirauditeCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4Se13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.11PermingeatiteCu3SbSe4Tet.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HodrušiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kodêra, M., Kupcik, V., Makovicky, E. (1970) Hodrushite-a new sulphosalt, Mineralogical Magazine: 37: 641-648.
Fleischer, M. (1971) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 56: 631-640.
Makovicky, E., Maclean, W.H. (1972) Electron microprobe analysis of hodrushite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 11: 504-513.
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Balić-Žunić, T. (2004) Crystal structures and crystal chemistry of members of the cuprobismutite homologous series of sulfosalts: Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 1481-1501. [cuprobismutite, hodrushite]
Pieczka, A., Golebiowska, B. (2012) Cuprobismutite homologues in granitic pegmatites from Szklarska Poreba, Karkonosze Massif, southwestern Poland. Canadian Mineralogist: 50: 313-324.
Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., Nagashima, M. (2014) Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕrite), other Bi-sulfosalts and Bi-tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences: 109: 177-190.
Sejkora J., Števko M., Ozdín D., Jeleň S., Pršek J. (2015) Unusual morphological forms of hodrušite from the Rozália vein, Hodruša-Hámre near Banská Štiavnica (Slovak Republic). Journal of Geosciences: 60: 11-22.

Internet Links for HodrušiteHide

Localities for HodrušiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Chubut
    • Futaleufú department
      • Los Cipreses
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
  • Salta
    • La Poma department
      • Nevados de Palermo
        • El Quemado district
Márquez-Zavalía, M. F., Galliski, M. Á., Černý, P., & Chapman, R. (2012). An Assemblage Of Bismuth-Rich, Tellurium-Bearing Minerals In The El Quemado Granitic Pegmatite, Nevados De Palermo, Salta, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1489-1498.
    • Los Andes department
      • San Antonio de los Cobres
        • Organullo mining district
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Tennant Creek
Skirrow, R.G. (1993) The genesis of gold-copper-bismuth deposits, Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, PhD thesis (unpublished) Australian National University.
Huston, D.L., Bolger, C. and Cozens, G. (1993) A Comparison of mineral deposits at the Gecko and White Devil Deposits: implications for ore genesis in the Tennant Creek District, Northern Territory, Australia, Economic Geology, vol. 88, pp.1198-1223.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Scheelite deposit
Kolitsch, U. (2010): 1640) Aikinit, Heyrovskýit und Hodrušit vom Westfeld des Scheelitbergbaus Felbertal, Salzburg. Pp. 228 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Sanming Prefecture
      • Datian Co.
Bin Yu (2005): China's Manganese Industry 23(2), 22-24, 35
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Guiyang Co.
        • Huangshaping Pb-Zn-polymetallic ore field
Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Jiujiang Prefecture
      • Ruichang Co.
Qiuming Chen (1990): Nonferrous Metallurgy Design and Research 11(4), 15-22
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Yamagata Prefecture
Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
Peru
 
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Angaraes Province
Crowley, Jack A., Currier, Rock H., & Szenics, Terry (1997) Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record, Vol.28, No.4. 98p.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Karkonosze Mts (Karkonosze Massif)
      • Szklarska Poręba District
Pieczka, A. & Golebiowska, B. (2012): Cuprobismutite homologues in granitic pegmatites from Szklarska Poręba, Karkonosze Massif, southwestern Poland. Canadian Mineralogist 50, 313-324.
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Radoviš (Radovish)
Petrunov, R., Serafimovski, T., & Dragov, P. (2001). New finding of PGE-mineralisation in porphyry-copper environment-the Bučim deposit, Macedonia: preliminary microscope and microprobe data. In ABCDGEODE 2001 Workshop Vata Bai, Romania (Vol. 79, pp. 79-80).
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
        • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
Cook, N. J. & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003): Lamellar minerals of the cuprobismutite series and related paděraite: A new occurrence and implications. Can. Mineral., 41, 441-456; Ciobanu, C. L.; Pring, A.; Cook, N. J. (2004): Micron- to nano-scale intergrowths among members of the cuprobismutite series and paderaite: HRTEM and microanalytical evidence. Mineralogical Magazine 68, 279-300.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
[Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p.163-180]
Slovakia (TL)
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Žarnovica Co.
Koděra M., Kupčík V., Makovicky E. (1970): Hodrushite - a new sulphosalt. Mineralogical Magazine, 37, 641-648.
Jeleň, S., Pršek, J., Kovalenker, V. A., Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Števko, M., & Ozdín, D. (2012). Bismuth Sulfosalts Of The Cuprobismutite, Pavonite And Aikinite Series From The Rozália Mine, Hodruša–Hámre, Slovakia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2), 325-340; Sejkora J., Števko M., Ozdín D., Jeleň S., Pršek J. (2015): Unusual morphological forms of hodrušite from the Rozália vein, Hodruša-Hámre near Banská Štiavnica (Slovak Republic). Journal of Geosciences, 60, 11-22.
  • Trenčín Region
    • Bánovce nad Bebravou Co.
      • Čierna Lehota
Pršek J., Mikuš T., Makovicky E., Chovan M., 2005: Cuprobismutite, kupčíkite, hodrushite and associated sulfosalts from the black shale hosted Ni-Bi-As mineralization at Čierna Lehota, Slovakia. Eur. J. Mineral., 17, 155-162.
Sweden
 
  • Västmanland
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2005): Nya Bastnäs i Riddarhytte malmfält. Litiofilen, 22 (1): 14-38
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Turtmann Valley
      • Blüomatttälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Stirling District
      • Killin
Pattrick, R A D. 1984. Sulphide mineralogy of the Tomnadashan copper deposit and the Corrie Buie lead veins, south Loch Tayside, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, 48, 85-91.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:65
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 252; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Alice District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Bristol and Jackrabbit Districts
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Round Mountain District
Reiner Mielke 2016
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Mineral and/or Locality  
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