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Hodrušite

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About HodrušiteHide

Formula:
Cu8Bi12S22
Colour:
Steel-grey with slight yellowish tint - tarnishes to brownish bronze
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4 - 5
Specific Gravity:
6.35
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named for the type locality, Banska Hodrusa, Slovakia.
Structurally closely related to cuprobismutite and kupčíkite.


Classification of HodrušiteHide

Approved
2.JA.10c

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
A : Galena derivatives with little or no Pb
Dana 7th ed.:
3.8.4.1
3.8.4.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
8 : 1 < ø < 2
5.1.10

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
1 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Cu

Physical Properties of HodrušiteHide

Metallic
Colour:
Steel-grey with slight yellowish tint - tarnishes to brownish bronze
Streak:
(not reported)
Hardness:
4 - 5 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=187 - 213 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Density:
6.35 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.451 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HodrušiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
very feeble
Bireflectance:
very weak (in oil only)
Colour in reflected light:
creamy with slight pinkish tint
Internal Reflections:
none

Chemical Properties of HodrušiteHide

Formula:
Cu8Bi12S22

Crystallography of HodrušiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 27.205 Å, b = 3.927 Å, c = 17.575 Å
β = 92°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 6.928 : 1 : 4.475
Unit Cell V:
1,876.46 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of HodrušiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Needle shaped crystals less than 1 mm. Also platy aggregates
Geological Setting of Type Material:
150 and 250 meter mining levels on Rosalia vein.
Reference:
Kodêra, M., Kupcik, V., Makovicky, E. (1970) Hodrushite-a new sulphosalt, Mineralogical Magazine: 37: 641-648.

Synonyms of HodrušiteHide

Other Language Names for HodrušiteHide

Relationship of Hodrušite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24Mon. 2/m : B2/m
KupčíkiteCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Hodrušite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
3 photos of Hodrušite associated with HematiteFe2O3
2 photos of Hodrušite associated with QuartzSiO2
1 photo of Hodrušite associated with SphaleriteZnS
1 photo of Hodrušite associated with SideriteFeCO3
1 photo of Hodrušite associated with AikinitePbCuBiS3
1 photo of Hodrušite associated with PyriteFeS2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JA.05eBenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05gBorodaeviteAg5(Bi,Pb,Fe)8(Sb,Bi)2S17Mon.
2.JA.05aCupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05aKitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
2.JA.05iLivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.JA.05dMakovickyiteCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9Mon. 2/m
2.JA.05fMummeiteCu0.58Ag3.11Pb1.10Bi6.65S13Mon.
2.JA.05aPavoniteAgBi3S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05bGrumipluciteHgBi2S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05hMozgovaitePbBi4S7Orth.
2.JA.05dCupromakovickyiteCu4AgPb2Bi9S18Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05cKudriavite(Cd,Pb)Bi2S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05aCupromakopavoniteAg3Cu8Pb4Bi19S38Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.05DantopaiteAg5Bi13S22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.10aCuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.10ePadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.
2.JA.10dPizgrischite(Cu,Fe)Cu14PbBi17S35Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.10bKupčíkiteCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JA.15SchapbachiteAg0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4SIso.
2.JA.15CuboargyriteAgSbS2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.JA.20BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.JA.20MatilditeAgBiS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.JA.20VolynskiteAgBiTe2Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.8.4.2PadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.1.1SinneriteCu6As4S9Tric. 1 : P1
5.1.2TennantiteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4S12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.4ChalcostibiteCuSbS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.1.5TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.6Goldfieldite(Cu102)Te4S12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.7EmplectiteCuBiS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
5.1.8CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.1.9WitticheniteCu3BiS3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
5.1.11GirauditeCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2As4Se12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.11PermingeatiteCu3SbSe4Tet.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HodrušiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kodêra, M., Kupcik, V., Makovicky, E. (1970) Hodrushite-a new sulphosalt, Mineralogical Magazine: 37: 641-648.
Fleischer, M. (1971) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 56: 631-640.
Makovicky, E., Maclean, W.H. (1972) Electron microprobe analysis of hodrushite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 11: 504-513.
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Balić-Žunić, T. (2004) Crystal structures and crystal chemistry of members of the cuprobismutite homologous series of sulfosalts: Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 1481-1501. [cuprobismutite, hodrushite]
Pieczka, A., Golebiowska, B. (2012) Cuprobismutite homologues in granitic pegmatites from Szklarska Poreba, Karkonosze Massif, southwestern Poland. Canadian Mineralogist: 50: 313-324.
Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., Nagashima, M. (2014) Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕrite), other Bi-sulfosalts and Bi-tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences: 109: 177-190.
Sejkora J., Števko M., Ozdín D., Jeleň S., Pršek J. (2015) Unusual morphological forms of hodrušite from the Rozália vein, Hodruša-Hámre near Banská Štiavnica (Slovak Republic). Journal of Geosciences: 60: 11-22.

Internet Links for HodrušiteHide

Localities for HodrušiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Chubut Province
    • Futaleufú department
      • Los Cipreses
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
  • Salta Province
    • La Poma department
      • Nevados de Palermo
        • El Quemado district
Márquez-Zavalía, M. F., Galliski, M. Á., Černý, P., & Chapman, R. (2012). An Assemblage Of Bismuth-Rich, Tellurium-Bearing Minerals In The El Quemado Granitic Pegmatite, Nevados De Palermo, Salta, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1489-1498.
    • Los Andes department
      • San Antonio de los Cobres
        • Organullo mining district
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Tennant Creek
Skirrow, R.G. (1993) The genesis of gold-copper-bismuth deposits, Tennant Creek, Northern Territory, PhD thesis (unpublished) Australian National University.
Huston, D.L., Bolger, C. and Cozens, G. (1993) A Comparison of mineral deposits at the Gecko and White Devil Deposits: implications for ore genesis in the Tennant Creek District, Northern Territory, Australia, Economic Geology, vol. 88, pp.1198-1223.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felber valley
        • Scheelite deposit
Kolitsch, U. (2010): 1640) Aikinit, Heyrovskýit und Hodrušit vom Westfeld des Scheelitbergbaus Felbertal, Salzburg. Pp. 228 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Sanming
      • Datian Co.
Bin Yu (2005): China's Manganese Industry 23(2), 22-24, 35
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Guiyang Co.
        • Huangshaping Pb-Zn-polymetallic ore field
Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
  • Jiangxi
    • Jiujiang
      • Ruichang Co.
Qiuming Chen (1990): Nonferrous Metallurgy Design and Research 11(4), 15-22
  • Yunnan
    • Chuxiong
      • Yao'an Co.
Zhou, H., Sun, X., Wu, Z., Yang, T., Li, D., Ren, Y., Liu, Q., Zhu, K. & Yu, H. (2018). Mineralogy of Bi-sulfosalts and tellurides from the Yaoan gold deposit, southwest China: metallogenic implications. Ore Geology Reviews 98, 126-140.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō
    • Sapporo
島倉広至, 三浦貴生, 浜根大輔, 松枝大治, & 三浦裕行. (2015). 北海道手稲鉱山産 Te, Bi, As 鉱物. 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告, 78, 19-35.
  • Yamagata
Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
North Macedonia
 
  • Radoviš (Radovish)
Petrunov, R., Serafimovski, T., & Dragov, P. (2001). New finding of PGE-mineralisation in porphyry-copper environment-the Bučim deposit, Macedonia: preliminary microscope and microprobe data. In ABCDGEODE 2001 Workshop Vata Bai, Romania (Vol. 79, pp. 79-80).
Peru
 
  • Huancavelica
    • Angaraes Province
Crowley, Jack A., Currier, Rock H., & Szenics, Terry (1997) Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record, Vol.28, No.4. 98p.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jelenia Góra Co.
      • Szklarska Poręba
Pieczka, A. & Golebiowska, B. (2012): Cuprobismutite homologues in granitic pegmatites from Szklarska Poręba, Karkonosze Massif, southwestern Poland. Canadian Mineralogist 50, 313-324.; Pieczka, A., & Gołębiowska, B. (2012). Cuprobismutite homologues in granitic pegmatites from Szklarska Poręba, Karkonosze massif, southwestern Poland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2), 313-324.; Kozłowski, A., & Matyszczak, W. (2018). Oxygenic bismuth minerals in the NE part of the Karkonosze pluton (West Sudetes, SW Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, 68(4).; Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
Romania
 
  • Bihor
    • Nucet
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mts
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
        • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
Cook, N. J. & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003): Lamellar minerals of the cuprobismutite series and related paděraite: A new occurrence and implications. Can. Mineral., 41, 441-456; Ciobanu, C. L.; Pring, A.; Cook, N. J. (2004): Micron- to nano-scale intergrowths among members of the cuprobismutite series and paderaite: HRTEM and microanalytical evidence. Mineralogical Magazine 68, 279-300.
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
[Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p.163-180]; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Slovakia (TL)
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Žarnovica Co.
Koděra M., Kupčík V., Makovicky E. (1970): Hodrushite - a new sulphosalt. Mineralogical Magazine, 37, 641-648.
Jeleň, S., Pršek, J., Kovalenker, V. A., Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Števko, M., & Ozdín, D. (2012). Bismuth Sulfosalts Of The Cuprobismutite, Pavonite And Aikinite Series From The Rozália Mine, Hodruša–Hámre, Slovakia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2), 325-340; Sejkora J., Števko M., Ozdín D., Jeleň S., Pršek J. (2015): Unusual morphological forms of hodrušite from the Rozália vein, Hodruša-Hámre near Banská Štiavnica (Slovak Republic). Journal of Geosciences, 60, 11-22.
  • Trenčín Region
    • Bánovce nad Bebravou Co.
      • Čierna Lehota
Pršek J., Mikuš T., Makovicky E., Chovan M., 2005: Cuprobismutite, kupčíkite, hodrushite and associated sulfosalts from the black shale hosted Ni-Bi-As mineralization at Čierna Lehota, Slovakia. Eur. J. Mineral., 17, 155-162.
Sweden
 
  • Västmanland County
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2005): Nya Bastnäs i Riddarhytte malmfält. Litiofilen, 22 (1): 14-38
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Turtmann Valley
      • Blüomatttälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Stirling
      • Killin
Pattrick, R A D. 1984. Sulphide mineralogy of the Tomnadashan copper deposit and the Corrie Buie lead veins, south Loch Tayside, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, 48, 85-91.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:65
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 252; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Alice Mining District (Yankee Mining District; Lincoln Mining District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Bristol and Jackrabbit Mining Districts
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Round Mountain Mining District
Reiner Mielke 2016
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent
    • Okhangaron District
Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
 
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