IMPORTANT MESSAGE. We need your support now to keep running. Click here to find out why.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat Articles
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About HolmquistiteHide

The holmquistite group comprises orthorhombic amphiboles in the lithium amphibole subgroup.

Holmquistite is defined with Mg>Fe2+ and Al>3+ in the C position.
Black, dark-violet, light sky-blue.
Crystal System:
Named in honor of Per Johan Holmquist (23 January 1866, Gothenburg, Sweden - 3 March 1946, Djursholm, Sweden), petrologist from Stockholm, Sweden.

Classification of HolmquistiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
D : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Orthoamphiboles

66 : INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
1 : Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
1 : Aluminosilicates of Li

Physical Properties of HolmquistiteHide

Black, dark-violet, light sky-blue.
White with sky-blue tinge.
5½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of HolmquistiteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.613 - 1.625 nβ = 1.634 - 1.645 nγ = 1.646 - 1.666
Measured: 49° , Calculated: 72° to 90°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.033 - 0.041
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r < v strong

Chemical Properties of HolmquistiteHide


The holmquistite group comprises orthorhombic amphiboles in the lithium amphibole subgroup.

Holmquistite is defined with Mg>Fe2+ and Al>3+ in the C position.
IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of HolmquistiteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 18.3 Å, b = 17.69 Å, c = 5.3 Å
a:b:c = 1.034 : 1 : 0.3
Unit Cell V:
1,715.75 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of HolmquistiteHide

Synonyms of HolmquistiteHide

Other Language Names for HolmquistiteHide

Simplified Chinese:锂蓝闪石

Relationship of Holmquistite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Fairfieldite3 photos of Holmquistite associated with Fairfieldite on
Spodumene1 photo of Holmquistite associated with Spodumene on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DD.05Proto-anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Orth.{Na}{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.1.1PetaliteLiAl(Si4O10)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
16.1.3EucryptiteLiAlSiO4Trig. 3 : R3
16.1.4VirgiliteLiAlSi2O6Hex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
16.1.5Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m
16.1.6BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
16.1.8SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2OMon.
16.1.13Clino-holmquistite Root Name☐{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
16.1.15BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.1.16SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HolmquistiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Osann, A. (1913) Über Holmquistit, einen Lithiumglaukophan von der Insel Utö. Sitzungsberichte der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, Jahrgang 1913, 23. Abhandlung.
Vogt, T., Bastiansen, O., Skancke, P. (1958) Holmquistite as a rhombic amphibole. American Mineralogist: 43: 981-982.
Mandarino, J.A. (1998) The Second List of Additions and Corrections to the Glossary of Mineral Species (1995). The Amphibole Group. Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.
Ishida, K., Hawthorne, F.C. (2003) Fine structure in the infrared OH-stretching bands of holmquistite and anthophyllite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 30: 330-336.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1-21.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Harlow, G.E., Maresch, W.V., Martin, R.F., Schumacher, J.C., Welch, M.D. (2012) Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup. American Mineralogist: 97: 2031-2048.

Internet Links for HolmquistiteHide

Localities for HolmquistiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Namibe Province
    • Giraul pegmatite field
Antonio Olimpio Gonçalves, Joan Carles Melgarejo, Pura Alfonso Abella (2009) SEQUENCE OF CRYSTALLISATION OF PEGMATITES: THE ANGOLA CASE. Estudos Geológicos v. 19 (2), pp 35-39
Antonio Olimpio Gonçalves, Joan Carles Melgarejo, Pura Alfonso Abella (2009) SEQUENCE OF CRYSTALLISATION OF PEGMATITES: THE ANGOLA CASE. Estudos Geológicos v. 19 (2), pp 35-39
  • San Luis
    • Coronel Pringles department
      • El Trapiche
        • Las Águilas deposit
Miguel Á. Galliski, María Florencia Márquez-Zavalía, Raúl Lira, Jan Cempírek and Radek Škoda (2012) Mineralogy and Origin of the Dumortierite-Bearing Pegmatites of Virorco, San Luis, Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist 50:873-894.
  • Western Australia
    • Bridgetown-Greenbushes Shire
      • Greenbushes Tinfield
Am Min 90:1167-1176; Econ Geol (1995) 90:616-635
Frost, M. T., Tsambourakis, G., & Davis, J. (1987). Holmquistite-bearing amphibolite from Greenbushes, western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 51(62), 585-591.
Frost, M. T., Tsambourakis, G., & Davis, J. (1987). Holmquistite-bearing amphibolite from Greenbushes, western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 51(62), 585-591.
Frost, M. T., Tsambourakis, G., & Davis, J. (1987). Holmquistite-bearing amphibolite from Greenbushes, western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 51(62), 585-591.
    • Coolgardie Shire
Wilkins, R.W.T., Davidson, L.R., and Ross, J.R. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 28, 280-287.
  • Carinthia
    • Koralpe
      • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
        • Brandrücken
F. Walter (1992) Eur. Journ. Mineral. 4, 1275-1283; G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Millstatt lake ridge
      • Spittal
Walter, F. (2009)
  • Minas Gerais
    • Nazareno
J. Quéméneur & M. Lagache (1994): LA HOLMQUISTITE DES PEGMATITES DE VOLTA GRANDE PRES DE SÃO JOÃO DEL REI, MINAS GERAIS, BRESIL: CARACTERISTIQUES CHIMIQUES ET MINERALOGIQUES. GEONOMOS, 2 (2), 15-21. []; Quéméneur, J., & Lagache, M. (1999). Comparative study of two pegmatitic fields from Minas Gerais, Brazil, using rubidium and cesium content of the micas and feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 29(1), 27-32.
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 11,pp.591-608 (1972)
    • Red Cross Lake
Černý, P., Teertstra, D. K., Chapman, R., Selway, J. B., Hawthorne, F. C., Ferreira, K., ... & Meintzer, R. E. (2012). Extreme Fractionation And Deformation Of The Leucogranite–Pegmatite Suite At Red Cross Lake, Manitoba, Canada. Iv. Mineralogy. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1839-1875.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Yarmouth Co.
D.J. Kontak, "Geology of the Southern Lobe of the Brazil Lake LCT-type Pegmatite (NTS 21A/04), Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia", N.S. Department of Natural Resources, Report of Activities 2003 (Report 2004-1), pg 41-68, 2004.
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Lilypad Lakes pegmatites
        • Ferguson Lake Area
J.C. Pedersen (2000) Report on 2000 Winter Diamond Drill Program Lilypad Lakes Tantalum - Cesium Property. Assessment File
        • Opikeigan Lake Area
J.C. Pedersen (2000) Report on 2000 Winter Diamond Drill Program Lilypad Lakes Tantalum - Cesium Property. Assessment File
      • Pakeagama Lake Area
Ontario MDI Number: MDI53C11SW00003
      • Paterson Lake Area
Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.; Blackburn C. et al (2002) Separation Rapids Rare-Element Pegmatite Field, Ontario. in 48th Annual Meeting Institute on Lake Superior Geology. Vol 48 Part 2 - Field Trip Guidebook
      • Root Lake pegmatite group
        • Root Lake Area
Tindle, A. G., Selway, J. B. & Breaks, F. W. (2005): Liddicoatite and associated species from the McCombe spodumene-subtype rare-element granitic pegmatite, northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 43, 769-793.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • La Corne
Anne P. Sabina, Rocks and Minerals for the Collector Miscellaneous Report 77, 2003, Geological Survey of Canada.; Nickel, E. H., Maxwell, J. A., & Rowland, J. F. (1960). Holmquistite from Barraute, Quebec. The Canadian Mineralogist, 6(4), 504-512.
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
          • Koktokay pegmatite field (Keketuohai pegmatite field)
            • Altay Mine
Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48
  • Oromia Region (Oromiya Region)
    • Kenticha pegmatite field
Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Voron'i Tundry
Gavrilenko, B.V. (2001) Ore potential of acidic rocks of the Achean Kolmozero-Voronya zone, NE Baltic Shield. in: Piestrzynski, A. et al. (ed.) (2001) Mineral Deposits at the Beginning of the 21st Century. Proceedings of the joint sixth biennal sga-seg meeting, Kraków, Poland, 26-29 August 2001.
  • Tuva
No reference listed
  • Southern Province
    • Gitarama – Kibuye Road
Alfredo Petrov specimen.
Sweden (TL)
  • Södermanland
    • Haninge
      • Utö
Osann, A. (1913): Über Holmquistit, einen Lithionglaukophan von der Insel Utö. Silzungsber. d. Heidelberger Akad. d. Wissensch. Math-nat. Klasse. Abt. A. Jahrg. 1913, 23: 1-17 + 2 plates.
Selway, J. B.; Smeds, S.-A.; Černý, P.; Hawthorne, F. C. (2002): Compositional evolution of tourmaline in the petalite-subtype Nykopingsgruvan pegmatites, Utö, Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden. GFF 124, 93-102
  • Maine
    • Knox Co.
      • Rockport
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1, p.187.
  • New Mexico
    • Taos Co.
      • Picuris District
Jahns, R. H. and Ewing, R. C. (1977): The Harding mine, Taos County, New Mexico. Mineralogical Record, 8 (2): 115-126.
  • North Carolina
Davidson,S.C.,1927,The Hiddenite Occurence In North Carolina:American Mineralogist,Vol.12,1927,pg.305-307
Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl ,2004,Minerals and their Localities,pg.286
Jan H. Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004,Minerals and their Localities,pg.286
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Wilson,W.F and Mckenzie,B.J ,1978, Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,Information Circular 24; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
    • Gaston Co.
      • Bessemer City
J.T Kloprogge,M.H Case and R.L Frost.,2001,Raman microscopic study of the Li amphibole Holmquistite from the Martin Marietta Quarry,Bessemer City,N.C,U.S.A,Mineralogical Magazine,Dec 2001,V.65,pp 775-785
MinMag 65:775-785
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
AmMin 73:324 (1988) ; American Mineralogist, Volume 73, pages 324-337, 1988
  • Mashonaland East
    • Mudzi District
Hornung. G. PhD thesis. Pegmatites of th N. Mtoko Region. University of Leeds, Research Institute of African Geology. !961
Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466
  • Matabeleland South
    • Insiza District
      • Pioneer village n°2
Wolfgang Hampel, field studies on drill cores (2017)
    • Mweza Range (Wedja)
      • Sandawana-Belingwe District
Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35 ; Sminia, T., & Zwaan, J. C. (2006) Gemmology, geology and origin of the Sandawana emerald deposits, Zimbabwe. Scripta Geol., 131
Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: November 20, 2018 00:11:02 Page generated: November 7, 2018 03:10:29
Go to top of page