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Honessite

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Arthur P. Honess
Formula:
(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
(x < 0.5, n > 3x/2)
Colour:
Yellow
Hardness:
1 - 1½
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named in 1956 by Allen V. Heyl, Charles Milton, and Joseph M. Axelrod in honor of Arthur Pharaoh Honess (10 August 1887, Berea, Ohio - 17 December 1942, Pennsylvania), Professor of Mineralogy in the School of Mineral Industries at Pennsylvania State College.
May convert readily into hydrohonessite, depending on humidity and temperature.


Classification of Honessite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.DD.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.10.6.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
10 : Miscellaneous
25.12.11

25 : Sulphates
12 : Sulphates of Co and Ni

Physical Properties of Honessite

Colour:
Yellow
Hardness:
1 - 1½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of Honessite

Type:
Uniaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.615 nβ = 1.635
Max Birefringence:
δ = 1.615
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of Honessite

Formula:
(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O

(x < 0.5, n > 3x/2)
IMA Formula:
(Ni1-xFe3+x)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2O (x < 0.5, n < 3x/2)

Crystallography of Honessite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.08 Å, c = 26.71 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 8.672
Unit Cell V:
219.44 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Honessite

Other Language Names for Honessite

German:Honessit
Simplified Chinese:铁镍矾
镍铁矾
Spanish:Honessita

Relationship of Honessite to other Species

Other Members of this group:
WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O

Common Associates

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Millerite7 photos of Honessite associated with Millerite on mindat.org.
Azurite2 photos of Honessite associated with Azurite on mindat.org.
Calcite1 photo of Honessite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Pyrite1 photo of Honessite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Quartz1 photo of Honessite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Siegenite1 photo of Honessite associated with Siegenite on mindat.org.
Marcasite1 photo of Honessite associated with Marcasite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping

7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
7.DD.20KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O
7.DD.35Carrboydite[(Ni1-xAlx)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2O
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2O
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2O
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2O
7.DD.50NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.55BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2O
7.DD.80GuarinoiteZn6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2O
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
7.DD.80ThérèsemagnaniteNaCo4(SO4)(OH)6Cl·6H2O
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals Grouping

25.12.1BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
25.12.2CobaltzippeiteCo(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2O
25.12.3Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
25.12.4Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
25.12.5RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
25.12.6MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
25.12.7NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
25.12.8Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.12.9NickelzippeiteNi2(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)10 · 16H2O
25.12.10Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2O
25.12.12Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
25.12.13Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Honessite

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Heyl, A.V., Milton, C., Axelrod, J.M. (1956) Nickel minerals from near Linden, Iowa County, Wisconsin. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America: 67: 1706.
Heyl, A.V., Milton, C., Axelrod, J.M. (1959) Nickel minerals from near Linden, Iowa County, Wisconsin. American Mineralogist: 44: 995-1009.
Bish, D.L., Livingstone, A. (1981) The crystal chemistry and paragenesis of honessite and hydrohonessite: the sulphate analogues of reevesite. Mineralogical Magazine: 44: 339-343.
Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Genin, J.-M.R., Kameda, T., Colombo, F. (2012) Nomenclature of the hydrotalcite supergroup: natural layered double hydroxides. Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 1289-1336.

Internet Links for Honessite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-1927.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Honessite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Honessite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Brazil
 
  • Santa Catarina
    • São Francisco do Sul
      • Morro do Rócio
[Mandarino, 1997]
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Hunsrück
      • Emmelshausen
        • Hungenroth
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004; SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
            • Hilarion area
Fritz Schreiber
No reference listed
Russia
 
  • North-Western Region
    • Ryazanskaya Oblast'
      • Kasimov District
Pekov, I.V. et al (2007) European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 891-898.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Shetland Islands
      • Unst
        • Baltasound-Haroldswick area
Bish, D.L. and Livingstone, A. (1981) The Crystal Chemistry and Paragenesis of Honessite and Hydrohonessite: The Sulphate Analogues of Reevesite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 44, n° 335, p. 339-343. Livingstone, A. and Bish, D.L. (1982) On the New Mineral Theophrastite, a Nickel Hydroxide, from Unst, Shetland, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 46, n° 338, p. 1-5.; Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
    • Strathclyde
      • Inveraray
BMS Database
USA
 
  • Indiana
    • Monroe Co.
      • Harrodsburg
  • Kentucky
    • Lincoln Co.
T. Kennedy collection
Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
  • Missouri
    • Clark Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
Robert C. Beste, PG (2005) A Location Guide for Rock Hounds in the United States. 3rd ed. Hobbit Press, St. Louis. 149p.
    • Lewis Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Troy
    • St. Louis Co.
Kevin Conroy Collection
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
  • Wisconsin
    • Iowa Co.
      • Upper Mississippi Valley District
Rocks & Min. Vol. 73 (1998)
Bull.Geol.Soc.Amer.(1956) 67, 1706
Heyl, A., A. F. Agnew, E. J. Lyons & C.H. Behre Jr. (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309: 271.
Heyl, A., A. F. Agnew, E. J. Lyons & C.H. Behre Jr. (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309: 274.
Heyl, A., A. F. Agnew, E. J. Lyons & C.H. Behre Jr. (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309: 274.
specimens in collection
Rocks & Min. Vol. 73 (1998)
        • Benton
Cordua, W. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 73 (6): 378 - 399
Cordua, W. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 73 (6): 378 - 399
    • Milwaukee Co.
      • Milwaukee
Bragrowski, B.P. (1940), Occurrence of millerite at Milwaukee, Wisconsin: American Mineralogist: 25 (8): 556-559.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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