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Honessite

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Arthur P. Honess
Formula:
(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
(x < 0.5, n > 3x/2)
Colour:
Yellow
Hardness:
1 - 1½
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named in 1956 by Allen V. Heyl, Charles Milton, and Joseph M. Axelrod in honor of Arthur Pharaoh Honess (10 August 1887, Berea, Ohio - 17 December 1942, Pennsylvania), Professor of Mineralogy in the School of Mineral Industries at Pennsylvania State College.
May convert readily into hydrohonessite, depending on humidity and temperature.


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Classification of HonessiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.DD.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.10.6.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
10 : Miscellaneous
25.12.11

25 : Sulphates
12 : Sulphates of Co and Ni

Physical Properties of HonessiteHide

Colour:
Yellow
Hardness:
1 - 1½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of HonessiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.615 nβ = 1.635
Max Birefringence:
δ = 1.615
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of HonessiteHide

Formula:
(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O

(x < 0.5, n > 3x/2)
IMA Formula:
(Ni1-xFe3+x)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2O (x < 0.5, n < 3x/2)

Crystallography of HonessiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.08 Å, c = 26.71 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 8.672
Unit Cell V:
219.44 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of HonessiteHide

Other Language Names for HonessiteHide

German:Honessit
Simplified Chinese:铁镍矾
镍铁矾
Spanish:Honessita

Relationship of Honessite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Millerite7 photos of Honessite associated with Millerite on mindat.org.
Azurite2 photos of Honessite associated with Azurite on mindat.org.
Calcite1 photo of Honessite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Pyrite1 photo of Honessite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Quartz1 photo of Honessite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Siegenite1 photo of Honessite associated with Siegenite on mindat.org.
Marcasite1 photo of Honessite associated with Marcasite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
7.DD.20KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OTric.
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.35Carrboydite[(Ni1-xAlx)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3c1
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2OHex.
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
7.DD.50NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.55BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]Trig. 3 : P3
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2OMon.
7.DD.80GuarinoiteZn6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2OHex.
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
7.DD.80ThérèsemagnaniteNaCo4(SO4)(OH)6Cl·6H2OHex.
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Cmc21

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.12.1BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.12.2CobaltzippeiteCo(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.12.3Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
25.12.4Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2OMon.
25.12.5RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
25.12.6MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.12.7NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
25.12.8Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.12.9NickelzippeiteNi2(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)10 · 16H2O Mon.
25.12.10Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.12.12Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
25.12.13Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HonessiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Heyl, A.V., Milton, C., Axelrod, J.M. (1956) Nickel minerals from near Linden, Iowa County, Wisconsin. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America: 67: 1706.
Heyl, A.V., Milton, C., Axelrod, J.M. (1959) Nickel minerals from near Linden, Iowa County, Wisconsin. American Mineralogist: 44: 995-1009.
Bish, D.L., Livingstone, A. (1981) The crystal chemistry and paragenesis of honessite and hydrohonessite: the sulphate analogues of reevesite. Mineralogical Magazine: 44: 339-343.
Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Genin, J.-M.R., Kameda, T., Colombo, F. (2012) Nomenclature of the hydrotalcite supergroup: natural layered double hydroxides. Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 1289-1336.

Internet Links for HonessiteHide

Localities for HonessiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Brazil
 
  • Santa Catarina
    • São Francisco do Sul
      • Morro do Rócio
[Mandarino, 1997]
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Hunsrück
      • Emmelshausen
        • Hungenroth
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004; SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
            • Hilarion area
Fritz Schreiber
No reference listed
Russia
 
  • North-Western Region
    • Ryazanskaya Oblast'
      • Kasimov District
Pekov, I.V. et al (2007) European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 891-898.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Shetland Islands
      • Unst
        • Baltasound-Haroldswick area
Bish, D.L. and Livingstone, A. (1981) The Crystal Chemistry and Paragenesis of Honessite and Hydrohonessite: The Sulphate Analogues of Reevesite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 44, n° 335, p. 339-343. Livingstone, A. and Bish, D.L. (1982) On the New Mineral Theophrastite, a Nickel Hydroxide, from Unst, Shetland, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 46, n° 338, p. 1-5.; Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
    • Strathclyde
      • Inveraray
BMS Database
USA
 
  • Indiana
    • Monroe Co.
      • Harrodsburg
  • Kentucky
    • Lincoln Co.
T. Kennedy collection
Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
  • Missouri
    • Clark Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
Robert C. Beste, PG (2005) A Location Guide for Rock Hounds in the United States. 3rd ed. Hobbit Press, St. Louis. 149p.
    • Lewis Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Troy
    • St. Louis Co.
Kevin Conroy Collection
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
  • Wisconsin
    • Iowa Co.
      • Upper Mississippi Valley District
Rocks & Min. Vol. 73 (1998)
Bull.Geol.Soc.Amer.(1956) 67, 1706
Heyl, A., A. F. Agnew, E. J. Lyons & C.H. Behre Jr. (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309: 271.
Heyl, A., A. F. Agnew, E. J. Lyons & C.H. Behre Jr. (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309: 274.
Heyl, A., A. F. Agnew, E. J. Lyons & C.H. Behre Jr. (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309: 274.
specimens in collection
Rocks & Min. Vol. 73 (1998)
        • Benton
Cordua, W. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 73 (6): 378 - 399
Cordua, W. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 73 (6): 378 - 399
    • Milwaukee Co.
      • Milwaukee
Bragrowski, B.P. (1940), Occurrence of millerite at Milwaukee, Wisconsin: American Mineralogist: 25 (8): 556-559.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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