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Hongshiite

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Formula:
PtCu
Colour:
Grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named for the type locality, Hongshi village.
This page provides mineralogical data about Hongshiite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of HongshiiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1974
1.AG.45

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
G : PGE-metal alloys
Dana 7th ed.:
1.2.3.1
1.2.3.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
1.83

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of HongshiiteHide

Metallic
Colour:
Grey
Hardness:

Chemical Properties of HongshiiteHide

Formula:
PtCu

Crystallography of HongshiiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.71 Å, c = 13.19 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.232
Unit Cell V:
1,310.25 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of HongshiiteHide

Other Language Names for HongshiiteHide

German:Hongshiit
Simplified Chinese:红石矿
Spanish:Hongshiita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Hongshiite associated with Palladodymite(Pd,Rh)2As
1 photo of Hongshiite associated with Ruthenium(Ru,Ir)
1 photo of Hongshiite associated with Rhodarsenide(Rh,Pd)2As
1 photo of Hongshiite associated with Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
1 photo of Hongshiite associated with IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AG.05Hexaferrum(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AG.05Garutiite(Ni,Fe,Ir)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AG.10Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AG.10Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AG.10ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.AG.15Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.AG.15Tatyanaite(Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4Orth.
1.AG.20PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.AG.25PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.AG.25Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.AG.30CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.AG.35ChengdeiteIr3FeIso.
1.AG.35IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.AG.40FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.AG.40TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.AG.40TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.AG.45SkaergaarditePdCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AG.50YixunitePt3InIso.
1.AG.55DamiaoitePtIn2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AG.60NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.AG.65BortnikovitePd4Cu3ZnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.AG.70NielsenitePdCu3Tet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag,Hg)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFeIso.
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HongshiiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Yu, T.-H., Lin, S.-J., Chao, P., Fang, C.-S., Huang, C.-S. (1974): A preliminary study of some new minerals of the platinum group and another associated new one in platinum-bearing intrusion in a region in China. Acta Geologica Sinica, 2, 202-218.
Peng, Z., Chang, C., Ximen, L. (1978): Discussion on published articles in the research of new minerals of the platinum-group discovered in China in recent years. Acta Geologica Sinica, 4, 326-336.
Ding, K. (1980): Further studies of the minerals “isoplatincopper” and “hongshiite”. Scientia Geologica Sinica, 2, 168-171.
Cabri, L.J. (1981): Platinum group elements: mineralogy, geology, recovery. Canadian Institute of Mining, Metallurgy and Petroleum, 54, 109.
Yu Zuxiang (1982): New data on hongshiite. Bulletin of the Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences 1982(4), 75-81 (in Chinese with English abstract). - American Mineralogist (1984), 69, 411-412 (abstract).
Kwitko, R., Cabral, A.R., Lehmann, B., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., Criddle, A.J., and Galbiatti, H.F. (2002) Hongshiite, PtCu, from itabirite-hosted Au-Pd-Pt mineralization (jacutinga), Itabira district, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 711-723.

Internet Links for HongshiiteHide

Localities for HongshiiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Catas Altas
Cabral A, Galbiatti H (2014)Platinum minerals from the Fazendão hematite-ore mine, Quadrilátero Ferrífero of Minas Gerais, Brazil. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 102
Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 711-723.
Kwitko, R., Cabral, A. R., Lehmann, B., Laflamme, J. G., Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., & Galbiatti, H. F. (2002). Hongshiite, PtCu, from itabirite-hosted Au–Pd–Pt mineralization (jacutinga), Itabira district, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 711-723.
Kwitko, R., Cabral, A. R., Lehmann, B., Laflamme, J. G., Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., & Galbiatti, H. F. (2002). Hongshiite, PtCu, from itabirite-hosted Au–Pd–Pt mineralization (jacutinga), Itabira district, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 711-723.
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Bay of Islands
Edwards, S.J. (1990) Hartzburgites and refractory melts in the Lewis Hills Massif, Bay of Islands ophiolite complex: the base-metals and precious-metals story. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 537-552.
China (TL)
 
  • Hebei
    • Chengde
      • Fengning County
        • Boluonuo
Yu Zuxiang, Lin Shujen, Chao Pao, Fang Chingsung, and Huang Chishun (1974): Acta Geologica Sinica 48(2), 202-218.; Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15
Czech Republic
 
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Trutnov District
Malec J, Bohmová V.: Minerály Pt-kovù na ložisku pyropu u obce Vestřev v Podkrkonoší. Zprávy o geologických výzkumech v roce 2011, Mineralogie, petrologie a geochemie, 185-188.; Pasava, J., Malec, J., Griffin, W. L., & González Jiménez, J. M. (2015). Re–Os isotopic constraints on the source of platinum-group minerals (PGMs) from the Vestřev pyrope-rich garnet placer deposit, Bohemian Massif.
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
Cabral, A.R., Lehmann, B. Jedwab, J. (2015): A platinum-copper nugget rich in calcite: Evidence for hydrothermal Pt3Cu. Canadian Mineralogist, 53, (in press); in: http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12622 (2016)
Cabral A R, Skála R, Vymazalová A, Kallistová A, Lehmann B, Jedwab J, Sidorinová T (2014) Kitagohaite, Pt7Cu, a new mineral from the Lubero region, North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Magazine 78, 739-745
Ecuador
 
  • Esmeraldas Province
Weiser, T. and Schmidt-Thome, M. (1993) Platinum-group minerals from the Santiago river, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador. Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 61-73.
Finland
 
Törnroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kari, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper
    • Enontekiö
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland
    • Inari
      • Ivalojoki
Kari Kojonen (2012) PGE ore potential in the southwestern granulite belt of Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 207 pp 64-67
Kojonen, K., Tarkian, M., Heidrich, S. & Johanson, B. (2014) Placer Platinum-group Minerals from Sotajoki River, Inari, Finland. 12th International Platinum Symposium p259
    • Sodankylä
      • Kevitsansarvi (Keivitsansarvi)
mutanen Tapani 1997. Geology and ore petrology of Akanvaara nd Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa -satovaara layered complex, Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, bulletin 395. 233s.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Ain
      • Lescheroux
Lorand, J.-P., Ducluzaux, B., & Pont, S. (2018). Une nouvelle découverte de pépites de minéraux du groupe du platine (platine, osmium, iridium) en France : les cailloutis et alluvions de la Reyssouze (Ain). Le Règne Minéral 143, 5-16.
Philippines
 
  • Visayas
    • Eastern Visayas Region
      • Samar Island
Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
microprobe analysis
Zaykov, V. V., Melekestseva, I. Y., Zaykova, E. V., Kotlyarov, V. A., & Kraynev, Y. D. (2017). Gold and platinum group minerals in placers of the South Urals: Composition, microinclusions of ore minerals and primary sources. Ore Geology Reviews, 85, 299-320.
  • Kamchatka Krai
Tolstykh, N.D., Sidorov, E., Laajoki, K., Krivenko, A., Podlipskiy, M. (2000) The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 1251-1264.
  • Kemerovo Oblast
Nesterenko, G. V., Zhmodik, S. M., Airiyants, E. V., Belyanin, D. K., Kolpakov, V. V., & Bogush, A. A. (2017). Colloform high-purity platinum from the placer deposit of Koura River (Gornaya Shoriya, Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 91, 236-245.; Nesterenko, G.V.; Zhmodik, S.M.; Belyanin, D.K.; Airiyants, E.V.; Karmanov, N.S. (2019) Micrometric Inclusions in Platinum-Group Minerals from Gornaya Shoria, Southern Siberia, Russia: Problems and Genetic Significance. Minerals 9, 327.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, H.H. Giles, (1997), Platinum Group Minerals from the Konder Massif, Russian Far East, Min Rec. 28, 97-106; Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Fedorovo-Pansky massif (Pana layered complex)
Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula; Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
    • Monche-Tundra
      • Monche tundra intrusion
Chashchin, V. V., Petrov, S. V., & Drogobuzhskaya, S. V. (2018). Loypishnyun Low-Sulfide Pt–Pd Deposit of the Monchetundra Basic Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 60(5), 418-448.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Louhi District
      • Oulanka plutonic complex
        • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan
Okrugin, A. V. (1998). Mineralogy, Types, and Origin of the Platinum-Bearing Placer Deposits of the Siberian Platform. International geology review, 40(8), 677-687.
Sierra Leone
 
  • Western Area
    • Freetown layered complex
Bowles, J. F., Suárez, S., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2018). The mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of the alluvial platinum-group minerals of the Freetown Layered Complex, Sierra Leone. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-30.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
Hutchinson, D., & Kinnaird, J. A. (2005). Complex multistage genesis for the Ni–Cu–PGE mineralisation in the southern region of the Platreef, Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Applied Earth Science, 114(4), 208-224.
      • Naboomspruit (Mookgophong)
Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Fusswinkel, T., van den Kerkhof, A. M., & Sosa, G. M. (2018). The hydrothermal Waterberg platinum deposit, Mookgophong (Naboomspruit), South Africa. Part 1: Geochemistry and ore mineralogy. Mineralogical Magazine, 82(3), 725-749.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Isle of Rum
Power, M.R., Pirrie, D., Andersen, J.C.O., and Butcher, A.R. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 762-775.
    • Shetland
      • Unst
Prichard, H. M., & Tarkian, M. (1988). Platinum and palladium minerals from two PGE-rich localities in the Shetland ophiolite complex. The Canadian Mineralogist, 26(4), 979-990.; O’Driscoll, B., Garwood, R., Day, J. M., & Wogelius, R. (2018). Platinum-group element remobilization and concentration in the Cliff chromitites of the Shetland Ophiolite Complex, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, 82(3), 471-490.
Prichard, H. M., & Tarkian, M. (1988). Platinum and palladium minerals from two PGE-rich localities in the Shetland ophiolite complex. The Canadian Mineralogist, 26(4), 979-990.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Census Area
      • Goodnews Bay
        • Salmon River - Red Mountain District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
      • New Rambler Mining District
Bart Cannon (Cannon Microprobe, Seattle) analysis # RK-11.
 
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