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Hörnesite

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Moriz Hoernes
Formula:
Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
White; colorless in ...
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Silky, Pearly
Hardness:
1
Member of:
Name:
Named by Wilhelm Haidinger in 1895 in honor of Moriz Hörnes, the elder [July 14, 1815 Wien, Österreich - November 4, 1868 Wien, Österreich), Curator of the Imperial Mineral Cabinet, Vienna, Austria.
Isostructural with:
Vivianite Group.
Forms solid solution series mainly with annabergite and erythrite.


Classification of Hörnesite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.CE.40

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O about 1:2.5
40.3.6.7

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
3 : A3(XO4)2·xH2O
20.2.4

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
2 : Arsenates of Be, Mg, Ca or Ba

Physical Properties of Hörnesite

Sub-Vitreous, Silky, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Comment:
Luster is pearly on cleavages.
Colour:
White; colorless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White to colorless
Hardness (Mohs):
1
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010}, perfect; on {100}, poor.
Density:
2.57 - 2.73 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.57 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Density measured on artificial material = 2.609.

Optical Data of Hörnesite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.563 nβ = 1.571 nγ = 1.596
2V:
Measured: 60° , Calculated: 60°
Birefringence:
0.033
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.033
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
strong
Optical Extinction:
X=b, Z^c = 31°
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Hörnesite

Formula:
Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Hörnesite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Space Group Setting:
C2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.262 Å, b = 13.442 Å, c = 4.741 Å
β = 104.9°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.763 : 1 : 0.353
Unit Cell Volume:
V 631.99 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals prismatic [001] and flattened {010}. Also occurs with a columnar structure; radial-foliated.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.692 (100)
3.217 (30)
3.005 (50)
2.779 (30)
2.734 (30)
2.712 (50)
1.692 (25)
Comments:
Also ICDD 35-856 (synthetic)

Occurrences of Hörnesite

Type Occurrence of Hörnesite

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidized copper-molybdenum deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Relationship of Hörnesite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Erythrite (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
BabánekiteCu3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Manganohörnesite(Mn,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
PakhomovskyiteCo3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.CE.XBabánekiteCu3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.CE.05ChudobaiteMg5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 10H2O
8.CE.05GeigeriteMn52+(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 10H2O
8.CE.10NewberyiteMg(PO3OH) · 3H2O
8.CE.15BrassiteMg(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
8.CE.20PhosphorrössleriteMg(PO3OH) · 7H2O
8.CE.20RößleriteMg(AsO3OH) · 7H2O
8.CE.25MetaswitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
8.CE.25SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
8.CE.30LindackeriteCu5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
8.CE.30OndrušiteCaCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 10H2O
8.CE.30VeselovskýiteZnCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
8.CE.30PradetiteCoCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
8.CE.30KlajiteMnCu4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 9H2O
8.CE.35BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.CE.40AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.CE.40ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.CE.40Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.CE.40ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.CE.40FerrisymplesiteFe33+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
8.CE.40KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.CE.40ManganohörnesiteMn32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.CE.40ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.CE.40VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.CE.40PakhomovskyiteCo3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.CE.45SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.CE.50CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2O
8.CE.55KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2O
8.CE.60KaňkiteFe3+AsO4 · 3.5H2O
8.CE.65SteigeriteAlVO4 · 3H2O
8.CE.70MetaschoderiteAlPO4 · 3H2O
8.CE.70SchoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 8H2O
8.CE.75MalhmooditeFe2+Zr(PO4)2 · 4H2O
8.CE.75ZigrasiteMgZr(PO4)2 · 4H2O
8.CE.75Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Zigrasite)CaZr[PO4]2 · 4H2O
8.CE.80SantabarbaraiteFe33+(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
8.CE.85Metaköttigite(Zn,Fe3+)3(AsO4)2 · 8(H2O,OH)
20.2.1BearsiteBe2AsO4(OH) · 4H2O
20.2.2BrassiteMg(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
20.2.3RößleriteMg(AsO3OH) · 7H2O
20.2.5WeiliteCa(AsO3OH)
20.2.6JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OH
20.2.7HaidingeriteCa(AsO3OH) · H2O
20.2.8PharmacoliteCa(AsO3OH) · 2H2O
20.2.9SainfelditeCa5(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
20.2.10VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2O
20.2.11GuériniteCa5(AsO3OH)2(AsO4)2 · 9H2O
20.2.12FerrarisiteCa5(AsO3OH)2(AsO4)2 · 9H2O
20.2.13RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
20.2.14PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
20.2.15McneariteNaCa5(AsO4)(AsO3OH)4 · 4H2O
20.2.16BergslagiteCaBe(AsO4)(OH)
20.2.17AdeliteCaMgAsO4(OH)
20.2.18TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.2.19IrhtemiteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)2 · 4H2O
20.2.20CamgasiteCaMgAsO4(OH) · 5H2O
20.2.21PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO3OH)2(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
20.2.22BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O

Other Names for Hörnesite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Hörnesit
Simplified Chinese:砷镁石
Spanish:Hörnesita

Other Information

Other Information:
Soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hörnesite

Reference List:
Haidinger (1860) Jb. geol. Reichsanst. Wien: 11: 41 (as Hörnesit).

Haidinger (1860) Konigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Sitzber.: 40: 18 (as Hörnesit).

von Hauer (1860) Jb. Geol. Reichsanst. Wien: 11: 10.

de Schulten (1903) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 26: 81.

Zambonini (1919) Com. geol. ital., mem.: 7: 127.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 86.

Wolfe (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 806.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 755-756.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1980): 138: 98.

Internet Links for Hörnesite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-1931.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Hörnesite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Kajabbi
S. Mills XRD data
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hirt
        • Griesserhof (Gulitzen; Gullitzen)
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Karawanken
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
G. Blass, G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 189./109.:207-209 (1999)
    • Kreuzeck group
      • Dellach im Drautal
        • Glatschach
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo District
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Coll. D. Lunau
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Poeverlein, R. (2008): Euchroit und seine Begleiter vom prähistorischen Bergbau, Leogang, Österreich. Lapis, 33 (5), 13-22.
  • Styria
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Obertalbach valley
Jakely, D. & Bernhard, F. (2015)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
              • Silberberg
Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2005): Schwaz-Brixlegger-Fundstellen: 3. Die Minerale vom Bergbau Maukenötz bei Brixlegg, Tirol. Der Aufschluss, 56, 223-234.
Schnorrer+Poeverlein (2005)
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Galiléia
Atencio D, Carvalho F M S, Matioli P A (2004) Coutinhoite, a new thorium uranyl silicate hydrate, from Urucum Mine, Galiléia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. American Mineralogist 89, 721-724
China
 
  • Yunnan Province
    • Chuxiong Autonomous Prefecture
      • Nanhua Co.
Xianxiao Xiong (1999): Geology of Chemical Minerals 21(2), 76-80
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram
        • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
          • Černojamské deposit (Black pits deposit)
Ondruš, P. & Hyršl, J. (1989): New finds and revision of secondary minerals from Příbram district. Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geologica 1989, 521-533.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
          • Horní Blatná District (Platten)
Gramblička R. (2014): Minerály rudních žil s fluoritem z Božího Daru a možnosti jejich sběru. - Minerál (České Budějovice), XXII, 5, 448-451
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 755; Lapis 2002: (7/8): 63-65.
Sehrig, M. & Dietel, J. (2011): Silber, Uran, Arsen und Heilquellen: Auf Mineraliensuche in Jáchymov, einem der ältesten Bergwerke der Welt. Lapis 36 (7-8), 67-71; 86.
      • Mariánské Lázně (Marienbad)
        • Slavkovský Les Mtn
M.E. Ciriotti, 2006, probed EDX+XRD by S. Möckel
    • Plzeň Region
      • Planá u Mariánských Lázní (Plan)
Tvrdý, J., Řídkošil, T.: Sekundární minerály z lokality Svatá Anna v Plané u Mariánských Lázní. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1983, roč. 28, č. 3, s. 316.; http://www.mineralos.cz/lokality/plana/plana.htm
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Klášterec nad Ohří
No reference listed
      • Teplice (Teplitz)
Dvořák, Z., Pauliš, P., Řehoř, M., Radoň, M.: Hörnesit z Mikulova v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2011, roč. 19, č. 2, s. 145-147.
France
 
  • Corsica
    • Haute-Corse
      • Corte
        • Moïta
          • Matra
Van King
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Paul De Bondt
Pierre et Terre 1982
          • Sankt Jakob vein
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
      • Thur valley (Thann valley)
        • Kruth
U. Kolitsch (1997): Neufunde von Mineralien aus einigen Vorkommen der Vogesen, Frankreich: Giromagny, Auxelles-Haut und Kruth 1. Aufschluss 48 (4), 243-256.
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Carcassonne
        • Mas-Cabardès
          • Salsigne
Pelison P., Descouens D. (1987), Présence de minéraux de néoformation dans les scories de l'ancienne usine de Villagnère (Aude), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 6-10
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Burgfelsen
American Mineralogist: 76: 2021.
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
      • Schiltach
        • Stammelbach valley
[Lapis 1992, 11, p.13-20]
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
U. Kolitsch, G. Blaß, H.-W. Graf und J. Gröbner (2004): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Lapis 29 (2) 18-23; 50. (in German)
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
Schnorrer, G., (1993): Mineralogische Notitzen VI, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 44-58
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Oder valley
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Heiligenhaus
        • Flandersbach
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
Lapis 1988(1), 17-35
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
      • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
      • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
      • Wilnsdorf
Lapis, 12 (1), 11-18+42.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Adenau
        • Antweiler
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Braubach
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. & David, W. (1991): Die Blei- und Silberhütte Braubach und ihre Haldenminerale. Lapis, 16 (1), 38-49; 58 (in German).
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Siegerland
      • Niederfischbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Wernigerode
        • Hasserode
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
      • Schlema-Hartenstein District
        • Schlema
          • Niederschlema
SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
      • Schneeberg District
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
No reference listed
      • Lavrion District slag localities
        • Agios Nikolaos [St Nicholas] area
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Salerno Province
        • Nocera Inferiore
Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Sondalo
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Ala Valley
          • Balme
            • Mussa Alp (Pian della Mussa; Piano della Mussa; La Mussa; Lamussa)
Barresi A.A., Caiolo M., Ambrino P., Orlandi P., 2003. Mineralogia delle Valli di Lanzo (Piemonte). Hornesite, lollingite, boulangerite e bournonite in un filone idrotermale dell'alta Val d'Ala (TO). Il Cercapietre, 1-2.
Barresi, .A. A., Caiolo, M., Ambrino, P., Orlandi, P. (2003): Mineralogia delle Valli di Lanzo (Piemonte). Hörnesite, löllingite, boulangerite e bournonite in un filone idrotermale dell'alta Val d'Ala (TO). Il Cercapietre, 1-2.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Villaputzu
G. Ghisolfi collection
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
• Stara, P. Rizzo, R., Tanca, G., Vinci A. (1994): Su Zurfuru. 1° parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1993, 215-236.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Kawamata
Kato et al (1988) Bulletin of the National Science Museum, 14, 87-96.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
        • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
          • Aghbar
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Bou Azer
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Ightem
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Ząbkowice District
Siuda, R. (2014): Secondary arsenic minerals from old adits in the Złoty Stok area (Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Special Papers: 42: 104-105
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
J. Marques de Sá & C. Leal Gomes. LES MINES DE CUIVRE ET NICKEL DE PALHAL ET TELHADELA, PORTUGAL. Le Reigne Mineral, nº92. 2010
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Kavadarci
    • Rožden (Rozhden; Roszdan)
[Rieck, B. (1993) - Famous mineral localities: Allchar, Macedonia, Mineralogical Record, 24 (6), 437-449]; Boevl, B., Bermanec, V., Serafimovski, T., Lepitkoval, S., & Mikulcic, S. (2001). Allchar Mineral Assemblage. Geologica Macedonica, Vol. 15-16, p. 1-23 (2001-2002) Suppl
Romania (TL)
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Oraviţa-Ciclova Cu-Mo-(W) ore field
Verhandl.kaiserl.-königl.Reichsanst.Wien,(1859) 11, 41; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 755.
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Deva
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 755.
Russia
 
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Adygea Republic (Adygeya)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
Martin Števko, unpublished-EMPA-WDS and PXRD confirmed
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
FAVREAU et al. (2013)
    • Córdoba
      • Villanueva de Córdoba
Schnorrer, G. (2000): Die Minerale der ehemaligen Grube Espuela de San Miguel bei Villanueva de Cordoba, Prov. Cordoba in Spanien. Der Aufschluss, 51, 211-222. (in German)
    • Huelva
      • Cala
        • Cala Mines
Cesar Menor-Salvan
  • Aragón
    • Zaragoza
      • Alpartir
Calvo, M. (2008). Minerales de Aragón. Prames,Zaragoza. 463 pags.
  • Asturias
    • Salas
      • Carlés
Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Pavías
Adrián Pesudo
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Kjell Gatedal
Nysten, P. (1987). Armangite from Nordmark. GFF, 109(2), 110-110.
No reference listed
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Malcantone
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 216.
Schmutz, L., Bachmann, A., Eichin, R., Rüegg, H.-R. & Vogel, C. (1986): Antimon-Mineralien aus dem Malcantone - Vorkommen und Ausbildung. Schweizer Strahler, No. 6, 249-289.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 216.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Vissoie
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Graeser, et al. (2008) Faszination Lengenbach. KristalloGrafik-Verl., Achberg
    • Turtmann Valley
      • Blüomatttälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Pipjitälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Mohave Co.
      • Hualapai Indian Reservation
The Canadian Mineralogist; October 2007; v. 45; no. 5; p. 1177-1188
      • Peach Springs Canyon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 253; Wenrich, K.J. & H.B. Sutphin (1988), Recognition of breccia pipes in northern Arizona, AZ Bur. Geol. Min. Tech. Fieldnotes: 18:1-5, 11.
  • California
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Cruz
Mineralogical Record: 17:315
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan District
          • Manhattan
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Washington
    • Skagit Co.
www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
Bart Cannon
Mineral and/or Locality  
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