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Hörnesite

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Moriz Hoernes
Formula:
Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Colour:
White; colorless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Silky, Pearly
Hardness:
1
Specific Gravity:
2.57 - 2.73
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named by Wilhelm Haidinger in 1895 in honor of Moriz Hörnes, the elder [July 14, 1815 Wien, Österreich - November 4, 1868 Wien, Österreich), Curator of the Imperial Mineral Cabinet, Vienna, Austria.
Vivianite Group.
Forms solid solution series mainly with annabergite and erythrite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of HörnesiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.CE.40

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O about 1:2.5
40.3.6.7

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
3 : A3(XO4)2·xH2O
20.2.4

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
2 : Arsenates of Be, Mg, Ca or Ba

Physical Properties of HörnesiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Silky, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent
Comment:
Luster is pearly on cleavages.
Colour:
White; colorless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White to colorless
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010}, perfect; on {100}, poor.
Density:
2.57 - 2.73 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.57 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Density measured on artificial material = 2.609.

Optical Data of HörnesiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.563 nβ = 1.571 nγ = 1.596
2V:
Measured: 60° , Calculated: 60°
Birefringence:
0.033
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.033
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
strong
Optical Extinction:
X=b, Z^c = 31°
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of HörnesiteHide

Formula:
Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O

Crystallography of HörnesiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Setting:
C2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.262 Å, b = 13.442 Å, c = 4.741 Å
β = 104.9°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.763 : 1 : 0.353
Unit Cell V:
631.99 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals prismatic [001] and flattened {010}. Also occurs with a columnar structure; radial-foliated.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.692 (100)
3.217 (30)
3.005 (50)
2.779 (30)
2.734 (30)
2.712 (50)
1.692 (25)
Comments:
Also ICDD 35-856 (synthetic)

Type Occurrence of HörnesiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidized copper-molybdenum deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of HörnesiteHide

Other Language Names for HörnesiteHide

German:Hörnesit
Simplified Chinese:砷镁石
Spanish:Hörnesita

Relationship of Hörnesite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
BabánekiteCu3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Manganohörnesite(Mn,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
PakhomovskyiteCo3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
ParasymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
VivianiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Hydromagnesite4 photos of Hörnesite associated with Hydromagnesite on mindat.org.
Heterogenite-2H2 photos of Hörnesite associated with Heterogenite-2H on mindat.org.
Conichalcite2 photos of Hörnesite associated with Conichalcite on mindat.org.
Parnauite2 photos of Hörnesite associated with Parnauite on mindat.org.
Picropharmacolite1 photo of Hörnesite associated with Picropharmacolite on mindat.org.
Realgar1 photo of Hörnesite associated with Realgar on mindat.org.
Talmessite1 photo of Hörnesite associated with Talmessite on mindat.org.
Erythrite1 photo of Hörnesite associated with Erythrite on mindat.org.
Dolomite1 photo of Hörnesite associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Bismuth1 photo of Hörnesite associated with Bismuth on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CE.XBabánekiteCu3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.05Chudobaite(Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric.
8.CE.05GeigeriteMn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric.
8.CE.10NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CE.15BrassiteMg(HAsO4) · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CE.20PhosphorrössleriteMg(HPO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.CE.20RößleriteMg(HAsO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CE.25MetaswitzeriteMn3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.CE.25Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.
8.CE.30LindackeriteCuCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30OndrušiteCaCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30VeselovskýiteZnCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30PradetiteCoCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30KlajiteMnCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9-10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.35BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CE.40AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40FerrisymplesiteFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OMon.
8.CE.40KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40Manganohörnesite(Mn,Mg)3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
8.CE.40ParasymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40VivianiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40PakhomovskyiteCo3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.45SymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.50CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.55KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2OTet.
8.CE.60KaňkiteFeAsO4 · 3.5H2OMon.
8.CE.65SteigeriteAl(VO4) · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.CE.70MetaschoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
8.CE.70SchoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 8H2OMon.
8.CE.75MalhmooditeFeZr(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.CE.75ZigrasiteMgZr(PO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.75Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Zigrasite)CaZr[PO4]2 · 4H2OTric.
8.CE.80SantabarbaraiteFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OAmor.
8.CE.85Metaköttigite(Zn,Fe,Fe)3(AsO4)2 · 8(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

40.3.6.1VivianiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
40.3.6.2Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
40.3.6.3ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
40.3.6.4AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
40.3.6.5KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
40.3.6.6ParasymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
40.3.6.8ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.2.1BearsiteBe2(AsO4)(OH) · 4H2OMon.
20.2.2BrassiteMg(HAsO4) · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
20.2.3RößleriteMg(HAsO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
20.2.5WeiliteCa(HAsO4)Tric. 1 : P1
20.2.6JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
20.2.7HaidingeriteCaHAsO4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
20.2.8PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2OMon. m
20.2.9SainfelditeCaCa2Ca2(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
20.2.10VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
20.2.11GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
20.2.12FerrarisiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.2.13RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.2.14PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2OTric.
20.2.15McneariteNaCa5(AsO4)(HAsO4)4 · 4H2OTric.
20.2.16BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
20.2.17AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.2.18TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
20.2.19IrhtemiteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
20.2.20CamgasiteCaMg(AsO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
20.2.21PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.2.22BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2OTet. 4 2m : P4 2m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HörnesiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Haidinger (1860) Jb. geol. Reichsanst. Wien: 11: 41 (as Hörnesit).
Haidinger (1860) Konigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Sitzber.: 40: 18 (as Hörnesit).
von Hauer (1860) Jb. Geol. Reichsanst. Wien: 11: 10.
de Schulten (1903) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 26: 81.
Zambonini (1919) Com. geol. ital., mem.: 7: 127.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 86.
Wolfe (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 806.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 755-756.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1980): 138: 98.

Internet Links for HörnesiteHide

Localities for HörnesiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Kajabbi
S. Mills XRD data
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hirt
        • Griesserhof (Gulitzen; Gullitzen)
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Karawanken
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
G. Blass, G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 189./109.:207-209 (1999)
    • Kreuzeck group
      • Dellach im Drautal
        • Glatschach
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo District
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Coll. D. Lunau
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Poeverlein, R. (2008): Euchroit und seine Begleiter vom prähistorischen Bergbau, Leogang, Österreich. Lapis, 33 (5), 13-22.
  • Styria
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Obertalbach valley
Jakely, D. & Bernhard, F. (2015)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
              • Silberberg
Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2005): Schwaz-Brixlegger-Fundstellen: 3. Die Minerale vom Bergbau Maukenötz bei Brixlegg, Tirol. Der Aufschluss, 56, 223-234.
Schnorrer+Poeverlein (2005)
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Galiléia
Atencio D, Carvalho F M S, Matioli P A (2004) Coutinhoite, a new thorium uranyl silicate hydrate, from Urucum Mine, Galiléia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. American Mineralogist 89, 721-724
China
 
  • Yunnan Province
    • Chuxiong Autonomous Prefecture
      • Nanhua Co.
Xianxiao Xiong (1999): Geology of Chemical Minerals 21(2), 76-80
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram
        • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
          • Černojamské deposit (Black pits deposit)
Ondruš, P. & Hyršl, J. (1989): New finds and revision of secondary minerals from Příbram district. Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geologica 1989, 521-533.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
          • Horní Blatná District (Platten)
Gramblička R. (2014): Minerály rudních žil s fluoritem z Božího Daru a možnosti jejich sběru. - Minerál (České Budějovice), XXII, 5, 448-451
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 755; Lapis 2002: (7/8): 63-65.
Sehrig, M. & Dietel, J. (2011): Silber, Uran, Arsen und Heilquellen: Auf Mineraliensuche in Jáchymov, einem der ältesten Bergwerke der Welt. Lapis 36 (7-8), 67-71; 86.
      • Mariánské Lázně (Marienbad)
        • Slavkovský Les Mtn
M.E. Ciriotti, 2006, probed EDX+XRD by S. Möckel
    • Plzeň Region
      • Planá u Mariánských Lázní (Plan)
Tvrdý, J., Řídkošil, T.: Sekundární minerály z lokality Svatá Anna v Plané u Mariánských Lázní. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1983, roč. 28, č. 3, s. 316.; http://www.mineralos.cz/lokality/plana/plana.htm
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Klášterec nad Ohří
No reference listed
      • Teplice (Teplitz)
Dvořák, Z., Pauliš, P., Řehoř, M., Radoň, M.: Hörnesit z Mikulova v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2011, roč. 19, č. 2, s. 145-147.
France
 
  • Corsica
    • Haute-Corse
      • Corte
        • Moïta
          • Matra
Van King
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Paul De Bondt
Pierre et Terre 1982
          • Sankt Jakob vein
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
      • Thur valley (Thann valley)
        • Kruth
U. Kolitsch (1997): Neufunde von Mineralien aus einigen Vorkommen der Vogesen, Frankreich: Giromagny, Auxelles-Haut und Kruth 1. Aufschluss 48 (4), 243-256.
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Carcassonne
        • Mas-Cabardès
          • Salsigne
Pelison P., Descouens D. (1987), Présence de minéraux de néoformation dans les scories de l'ancienne usine de Villagnère (Aude), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 6-10
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Burgfelsen
American Mineralogist: 76: 2021.
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
      • Schiltach
        • Stammelbach valley
[Lapis 1992, 11, p.13-20]
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
U. Kolitsch, G. Blaß, H.-W. Graf und J. Gröbner (2004): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Lapis 29 (2) 18-23; 50. (in German)
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
Schnorrer, G., (1993): Mineralogische Notitzen VI, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 44-58
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Oder valley
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Heiligenhaus
        • Flandersbach
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
Lapis 1988(1), 17-35
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
      • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
      • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
      • Wilnsdorf
Lapis, 12 (1), 11-18+42.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Adenau
        • Antweiler
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Braubach
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. & David, W. (1991): Die Blei- und Silberhütte Braubach und ihre Haldenminerale. Lapis, 16 (1), 38-49; 58 (in German).
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Siegerland
      • Niederfischbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Wernigerode
        • Hasserode
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
      • Schlema-Hartenstein District
        • Schlema
          • Niederschlema
SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
      • Schneeberg District
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
No reference listed
      • Lavrion District slag localities
        • Agios Nikolaos [St Nicholas] area
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Salerno Province
        • Nocera Inferiore
Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Sondalo
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Ala Valley
          • Balme
            • Mussa Alp (Pian della Mussa; Piano della Mussa; La Mussa; Lamussa)
Barresi A.A., Caiolo M., Ambrino P., Orlandi P., 2003. Mineralogia delle Valli di Lanzo (Piemonte). Hornesite, lollingite, boulangerite e bournonite in un filone idrotermale dell'alta Val d'Ala (TO). Il Cercapietre, 1-2.
Barresi, .A. A., Caiolo, M., Ambrino, P., Orlandi, P. (2003): Mineralogia delle Valli di Lanzo (Piemonte). Hörnesite, löllingite, boulangerite e bournonite in un filone idrotermale dell'alta Val d'Ala (TO). Il Cercapietre, 1-2.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Villaputzu
G. Ghisolfi collection
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
• Stara, P. Rizzo, R., Tanca, G., Vinci A. (1994): Su Zurfuru. 1° parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1993, 215-236.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Kawamata
Kato et al (1988) Bulletin of the National Science Museum, 14, 87-96.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
        • Bou Azzer District (Bou Azer District)
          • Aghbar
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Bou Azer
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Ightem
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Ząbkowice District
Siuda, R. (2014): Secondary arsenic minerals from old adits in the Złoty Stok area (Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Special Papers: 42: 104-105
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
J. Marques de Sá & C. Leal Gomes. LES MINES DE CUIVRE ET NICKEL DE PALHAL ET TELHADELA, PORTUGAL. Le Reigne Mineral, nº92. 2010
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Kavadarci
    • Rožden (Rozhden; Roszdan)
Rieck, B. (1993): Famous mineral localities: Allchar, Macedonia, Mineralogical Record, 24 (6), 437-449; Boevl, B., Bermanec, V., Serafimovski, T., Lepitkoval, S., & Mikulcic, S. (2001). Allchar Mineral Assemblage. Geologica Macedonica, Vol. 15-16, p. 1-23 (2001-2002) Suppl
Romania (TL)
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Oraviţa-Ciclova Cu-Mo-(W) ore field
Verhandl.kaiserl.-königl.Reichsanst.Wien,(1859) 11, 41; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 755.
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Deva
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 755.
Russia
 
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Adygea Republic (Adygeya)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
Martin Števko, unpublished-EMPA-WDS and PXRD confirmed
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Dobšiná Mining District (Dobschau; Topschau)
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD and EMPA-WDS confirmed
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
FAVREAU et al. (2013)
    • Córdoba
      • Villanueva de Córdoba
Schnorrer, G. (2000): Die Minerale der ehemaligen Grube Espuela de San Miguel bei Villanueva de Cordoba, Prov. Cordoba in Spanien. Der Aufschluss, 51, 211-222. (in German)
    • Huelva
      • Cala
        • Cala Mines
Cesar Menor-Salvan
  • Aragón
    • Zaragoza
      • Alpartir
Calvo, M. (2008). Minerales de Aragón. Prames,Zaragoza. 463 pags.
  • Asturias
    • Salas
      • Carlés
Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Pavías
Adrián Pesudo
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Kjell Gatedal
Nysten, P. (1987). Armangite from Nordmark. GFF, 109(2), 110-110.
No reference listed
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Malcantone
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 216.
Schmutz, L., Bachmann, A., Eichin, R., Rüegg, H.-R. & Vogel, C. (1986): Antimon-Mineralien aus dem Malcantone - Vorkommen und Ausbildung. Schweizer Strahler, No. 6, 249-289.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 216.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Vissoie
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Graeser, et al. (2008) Faszination Lengenbach. KristalloGrafik-Verl., Achberg
    • Turtmann Valley
      • Blüomatttälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Pipjitälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Mohave Co.
      • Hualapai Indian Reservation
The Canadian Mineralogist; October 2007; v. 45; no. 5; p. 1177-1188
      • Peach Springs Canyon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 253; Wenrich, K.J. & H.B. Sutphin (1988), Recognition of breccia pipes in northern Arizona, AZ Bur. Geol. Min. Tech. Fieldnotes: 18:1-5, 11.
  • California
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Cruz
Mineralogical Record: 17:315
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan District
          • Manhattan
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Washington
    • Skagit Co.
www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
Bart Cannon
Mineral and/or Locality  
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