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Hulsite

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About HulsiteHide

Alfred H. Brooks
Formula:
(Fe2+,Mg)2(Fe3+,Sn)(BO3)O2
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
4.28
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1908 by Adolph Knopf and Waldemar T. Schaller in honor of Alfred Hulse Brooks, American (July 18, 1871 – November 22, 1924), chief geologist in Alaska for the United States Geological Survey from 1903 to 1924.
The Fe2+ analogue of Magnesiohulsite.


Classification of HulsiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
6.AB.45

6 : BORATES
A : Monoborates
B : BO3, with additional anions; 1(D) + OH, etc.
24.2.3.1

24 : ANHYDROUS BORATES
2 : A2BO2[XO3]
9.6.4

9 : Borates
6 : Borates of Ti, Sn and Ta

Physical Properties of HulsiteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Metallic
Colour:
Black
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {110}
Density:
4.28 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Chemical Properties of HulsiteHide

Formula:
(Fe2+,Mg)2(Fe3+,Sn)(BO3)O2
IMA Formula:
Fe2+2Fe3+O2(BO3)

Crystallography of HulsiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.68 Å, b = 3.09 Å, c = 5.43 Å
β = 94.15°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 3.456 : 1 : 1.757
Unit Cell V:
178.73 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Small, rectangular crystals. Faces uneven and dull. Tabular masses.
Twinning:
On [001]. One member of the twinning rotated 120° relative to the other.

Type Occurrence of HulsiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Contact metamorphosed limestone.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for HulsiteHide

German:Hulsit
Russian:Халсит
Simplified Chinese:黑硼锡铁矿
Spanish:Hulsita

Relationship of Hulsite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Aluminomagnesiohulsite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Al,Mg,Sn)(BO3)O2Mon. 2/m
FolvikiteSb5+Mn3+(Mg,Mn2+)10O8(BO3)4Mon. 2 : P2
Magnesiohulsite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Sn,Mg)(BO3)O2Mon.
Pinakiolite(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2Mon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Schoenfliesite8 photos of Hulsite associated with Schoenfliesite on mindat.org.
Magnetite5 photos of Hulsite associated with Magnetite on mindat.org.
Vesuvianite5 photos of Hulsite associated with Vesuvianite on mindat.org.
Andradite4 photos of Hulsite associated with Andradite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

6.AB.05HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
6.AB.10BerboriteBe2(BO3)(OH,F) · H2OTrig.
6.AB.15JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3Hex. 6/m : P63/m
6.AB.20Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)Orth.
6.AB.20YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)Orth.
6.AB.25KarliteMg7(BO3)3(OH,Cl)5Orth.
6.AB.30Azoproite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti,Mg)(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.30BonaccorditeNi2Fe3+(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.30FredrikssoniteMg2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.30LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.30VonseniteFe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.35Pinakiolite(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2Mon.
6.AB.40BlatteriteSb5+(Mn3+,Fe3+)9(Mn2+,Mg)35(BO3)16O32Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
6.AB.40ChestermaniteMg2(Fe3+,Mn3+,Al,Sb3+)(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.40Orthopinakiolite(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.40Takéuchiite(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.45Magnesiohulsite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Sn,Mg)(BO3)O2Mon.
6.AB.45Aluminomagnesiohulsite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Al,Mg,Sn)(BO3)O2Mon. 2/m
6.AB.50FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3Hex.
6.AB.50HydroxylboriteMg3(BO3)(OH)3Hex. 6/m : P63/m
6.AB.55ShabyniteMg5(BO3)(OH)5(Cl,OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
6.AB.55WightmaniteMg5(BO3)O(OH)5 · 2H2OMon.
6.AB.60GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3Hex.
6.AB.65SakhaiteCa12Mg4(BO3)7(CO3)4(OH)2ClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
6.AB.70HarkeriteCa12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
6.AB.75Pertsevite-(F)Mg2(BO3)(F,OH)Orth. mm2 : Pna21
6.AB.75Pertsevite-(OH)Mg2(BO3)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
6.AB.80JacquesdietrichiteCu2(H2BO3)(OH)3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
6.AB.85PainiteCaZrAl9(BO3)O15Hex.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

24.2.3.2Magnesiohulsite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Sn,Mg)(BO3)O2Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

9.6.1Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)Orth.
9.6.2Azoproite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti,Mg)(BO3)O2Orth.
9.6.3NordenskiöldineCaSn4+[BO3]2Trig. 3 : R3
9.6.5Magnesiohulsite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Sn,Mg)(BO3)O2Mon.
9.6.6Béhierite(Ta5+,Nb5+)(BO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in HCl and HF but less reactive in other acids.

Alters to Limonite.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HulsiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Knopf, A., Schaller, W.T. (1908) Two new boron minerals of contact-metamorphic origin. American Journal of Science: 175: 323-331.
Schaller, W.T. (1910) Chemical composition of hulsite and paigeite. American Journal of Science: Series 4: 29: 543-549.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 326.
Vlisidid, A.C., Schaller, W.T. (1974) The identity of paigeite with vonsenite, and chemical analysis of vonsenite, ludwigite and hulsite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1974(3-4): 95-105.
Konnert, J.A., Appleman, D.E., Clark, J.R., Finger, L.W., Kato, T., Miúra, Y. (1976) Crystal structure and cation distribution of hulsite, a tin-iron borate. American Mineralogist: 61: 116-122.
Grew, E.S., Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).
Šrein, V., Hloušek, J. (1998) Ludwigit a hulsit z Krušných hor. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze: roč. 6: 243-246.

Internet Links for HulsiteHide

Localities for HulsiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Queenstown district
        • Mount Lyell Mines
USGS Open-File Report 2009-1252 Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage models
      • Rosebery district
R Bottrill, unpublished research
      • Zeehan district
        • Mt Heemskirk mineral field
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
        • Zeehan mineral field
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
China
 
  • Guangdong Province
    • Heyuan Prefecture
      • Lianping Co.
Jianxiong Zhou and Jinyan Lu (1981): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1(4), 193-199; Lianshun Feng (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 21-27
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Linwu Co.
        • Xianghualing Sn-polymetallic ore field
Dequan Zhang and Lihua Wang (1988): Mineral Deposits 7(4), 33-42
    • Hengyang Prefecture
      • Changning Co.
        • Dayishan Sn-polymetallic ore field
Aleksandrov, S.M. (1998): Geochemistry of skarn and ore formation in dolomites. VSP (Utrecht, Tokyo), 300 pp.
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Xichang Co.
Shihui Yang and Guangxue Fu (1983), In: Collected Papers of the Chengdu Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Geological Society of China Publications, Vol. 4
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
      • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Šrein, V., Hloušek, J.: Ludwigit a hulsit z Krušných hor. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 243-246.
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Miyazaki prefecture
      • Hinokage-cho
Takeda collection
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
      • Polar Yakutia
        • Dogdo River Basin
          • Tas-Khayakhtakh Range
http://maurice.strahlen.org/yakutia/yakutia.htm; Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Ladoga Region
Ivashchenko, V. I., Valkama, M., Sundblad, K., Golubev, A. I., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2011, September). New data on mineralogy and metallogeny of scarns in the Pitkyaranta ore region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 440, No. 1, pp. 1307-1311). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica; Aleksandrov, S. M., & Troneva, M. A. (2009). Composition and genesis of endogenous borates from the Pitkáranta ore field, Karelia. Geochemistry International, 47(9), 914-929.
Spain
 
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Toledo
      • San Pablo de los Montes
        • Morro Viñas
http://www.foro-minerales.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=132136#132136
USA (TL)
 
  • Alaska
    • Nome Borough
      • Seward Peninsula
Knopf, A., Schaller, W.T. (1908) Two new boron minerals of contact-metamorphic origin. American Journal of Science: 175: 323-331; Schaller, W.T. (1910) Chemical composition of hulsite and paigeite. American Journal of Science: Series 4: 29: 543-549.;
        • York Range
Aleksandrov, S. M. (2010). Skarn-greisen deposits of the lost river and mount ear ore field, Seward Peninsula, Alaska, United States. Geochemistry International, 48(12), 1220-1236.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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