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Arthur Hutchinson
Scarlet-vermillion to deep cherry-red
1½ - 2
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named in honor of Dr. Arthur Hutchinson (6 July 1866, London, UK – 12 December 1937, Cambridge, UK), Professor of Mineralogy, University of Cambridge.
This page provides mineralogical data about Hutchinsonite.

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Classification of HutchinsoniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
D : With Tl

8 : 1 < ø < 2

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
5 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Tl

Pronounciation of HutchinsoniteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of HutchinsoniteHide

Scarlet-vermillion to deep cherry-red
Scarlet-vermillion to deep cherry-red
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale
{010} good.
4.6 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of HutchinsoniteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 3.078 nβ = 3.176 nγ = 3.188
Measured: 37° , Calculated: 36°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.110
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
marked to extreme
Internal Reflections:
Marked carmine-red

Chemical Properties of HutchinsoniteHide

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of HutchinsoniteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.8 Å, b = 35.35 Å, c = 8.16 Å
a:b:c = 0.306 : 1 : 0.231
Unit Cell V:
3,115.32 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Prismatic to acicular [001]. Dominant prism {410}. Radiating tufts at times.

Type Occurrence of HutchinsoniteHide

Other Language Names for HutchinsoniteHide

Simplified Chinese:硫砷铊铅矿

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Orpiment102 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Orpiment on
Baryte42 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Baryte on
Pyrite20 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Pyrite on
Realgar14 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Realgar on
Arsenic9 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Arsenic on
Argentobaumhauerite6 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Argentobaumhauerite on
Quartz4 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Quartz on
Sphalerite3 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Sphalerite on
Jordanite3 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Jordanite on
Geocronite3 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Geocronite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HD.05LoránditeTlAsS2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HD.05WeissbergiteTlSbS2Tric. 1 : P1
2.HD.15ChristiteTlHgAsS3Mon. 2/m
2.HD.20JankovićiteTl5Sb9(As,Sb)4S22Tric. 1 : P1
2.HD.25RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HD.30ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26Mon. 2/m
2.HD.50BernarditeTlAs5S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HD.60GabrieliteTl6Ag3Cu6(As,Sb)9S21Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.5.1LoránditeTlAsS2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.2EllisiteTl3AsS3Trig. 3m : R3m
5.5.3ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26Mon. 2/m
5.5.4SimoniteTlHgAs3S6Mon. 2/m
5.5.6ChristiteTlHgAsS3Mon. 2/m
5.5.6RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
5.5.9BernarditeTlAs5S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.10VrbaiteHg3Tl4As8Sb2S20Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
5.5.11RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.13WeissbergiteTlSbS2Tric. 1 : P1
5.5.16ChalcothalliteTl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
5.5.17PierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
5.5.18ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
5.5.20ChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Contains thallium, lead and arsenic, three toxic elements - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest.

References for HutchinsoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Solly (1904), Cambridge Philosophical Society, Proceedings: 12: 277.
Solly (1905), Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 72.
Smith and Prior (1907), Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 283.
Guisca (1930), Min. Mitt.: 10: 170.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 468-470.
Takéuchi, Y., Ghose, S., Nowacki, W. (1965): The crystal structure of hutchinsonite, (Tl,Pb)2As5S9. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 121, 321-348.
White, J.S. & Nelen, J.A. (1985): Hutchinsonite from Quiruvilca, Peru. Mineralogical Record 16, 459-460.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 86: 163-178.
Matsushita, Y., Takéuchi, Y. (1994): Refinement of the crystal structure of hutchinsonite, TlPbAs5S9. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 209, 475-478.

Internet Links for HutchinsoniteHide

Localities for HutchinsoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Anhui Province
    • Ma'anshan Prefecture
      • He Co.
Zhou, T.F., Fan, Y., Yuan, F., Wu, M.A., Hou, M.J., Voicu, G., Hu, Q.H., Zhang, Q.M., and Yue, S.C. (2005): Mineralogy and Petrology 85(3/4), 243-251
  • Hubei Province
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Yangxin Co.
        • Fengshan ore field
Guanglong Shu, Shimin Ma, and Jishun Liu (2007): Geology and Prospecting 43(2), 1-7
  • Yunnan Province
    • Chuxiong Autonomous Prefecture
      • Nanhua Co.
Baogui Zhang, Zhong Zhang, Guohong Gong, Sanxue Wang, and Mingzai Wang (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(2), 138-143; Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Wiesloch
P. Ramdohr, (1980) The Ore Minerals and Their Intergrowths,2nd ed., Pergammon Press, pg 740.
  • West Azarbaijan Province (West Azerbaijan Province)
    • Takab (Takan Tepe)
W. H. Paar, A. Pring, Y. Moëlo, C. J. Stanley, H. Putz, D. Topa, A. C. Roberts, R. S. W. Braithwaite (2009): Daliranite, PbHgAs2S6, a new sulphosalt from the Zarshouran Au-As deposit, Takab region, Iran. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 871-881.
  • Hokkaido
    • Abuta-gun
      • Takarada
Shimizu, M., Matsuyama, F. and Shimizu, M. (1999): Hutchinsonite, TlPb(As,Sb)5S9 chabournéite, Tl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17 and unnamed (Tl,Ag)2Pb6(As,Sb)16S31 from the Toya-Takarada mine, Hokkaido, Japan -Tl mineralisation in the Kuroko deposits. Resource Geology, Special Issue no. 20, 31-37.
  • La Libertad Department
    • Santiago de Chuco Province
      • Quiruvilca District
White, J.S. & Nelen, J.A. (1985): Hutchinsonite from Quiruvilca, Peru. Mineralogical Record 16, 459-460; Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254
Switzerland (TL)
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Cambridge Phil.Soc.Proc.(1904) 12, 277 and Mineralogical Magazine(1905) 14, 72-82
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