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Hutchinsonite

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Arthur Hutchinson
Formula:
TlPbAs5S9
Colour:
Scarlet-vermillion to deep cherry-red
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Specific Gravity:
4.6
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in honor of Dr. Arthur Hutchinson (6 July 1866, London, UK – 12 December 1937, Cambridge, UK), Professor of Mineralogy, University of Cambridge.
This page provides mineralogical data about Hutchinsonite.


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Classification of HutchinsoniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.HD.45

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
D : With Tl
3.8.6.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
8 : 1 < ø < 2
5.5.7

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
5 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Tl

Pronounciation of HutchinsoniteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of HutchinsoniteHide

Adamantine
Colour:
Scarlet-vermillion to deep cherry-red
Streak:
Scarlet-vermillion to deep cherry-red
Hardness:
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{010} good.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
4.6 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of HutchinsoniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 3.078 nβ = 3.176 nγ = 3.188
2V:
Measured: 37° , Calculated: 36°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.110
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong
Dispersion:
marked to extreme
Internal Reflections:
Marked carmine-red

Chemical Properties of HutchinsoniteHide

Formula:
TlPbAs5S9
Common Impurities:
Ag,Sb

Crystallography of HutchinsoniteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.8 Å, b = 35.35 Å, c = 8.16 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.306 : 1 : 0.231
Unit Cell V:
3,115.32 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Prismatic to acicular [001]. Dominant prism {410}. Radiating tufts at times.

Type Occurrence of HutchinsoniteHide

Other Language Names for HutchinsoniteHide

Simplified Chinese:硫砷铊铅矿

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Orpiment102 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Orpiment on mindat.org.
Baryte42 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Baryte on mindat.org.
Pyrite20 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Realgar14 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Realgar on mindat.org.
Arsenic9 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Arsenic on mindat.org.
Argentobaumhauerite6 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Argentobaumhauerite on mindat.org.
Quartz4 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Sphalerite3 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Sphalerite on mindat.org.
Jordanite3 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Jordanite on mindat.org.
Geocronite3 photos of Hutchinsonite associated with Geocronite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.HD.05LoránditeTlAsS2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HD.05WeissbergiteTlSbS2Tric. 1 : P1
2.HD.15ChristiteTlHgAsS3Mon. 2/m
2.HD.20JankovićiteTl5Sb9(As,Sb)4S22Tric. 1 : P1
2.HD.25RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HD.30ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26Mon. 2/m
2.HD.35EdenharteritePbTlAs3S6Orth.
2.HD.40JentschiteTlPbAs2SbS6Mon.
2.HD.50BernarditeTlAs5S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.HD.55SicheriteTlAg2(As,Sb)3S6Orth.
2.HD.60GabrieliteTl6Ag3Cu6(As,Sb)9S21Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.5.1LoránditeTlAsS2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.2EllisiteTl3AsS3Trig. 3m : R3m
5.5.3ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26Mon. 2/m
5.5.4SimoniteTlHgAs3S6Mon. 2/m
5.5.6ChristiteTlHgAsS3Mon. 2/m
5.5.6RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
5.5.8Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5Tric.
5.5.9BernarditeTlAs5S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.10VrbaiteHg3Tl4As8Sb2S20Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
5.5.11RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.12GillulyiteTl2(As,Sb)8S13Mon.
5.5.13WeissbergiteTlSbS2Tric. 1 : P1
5.5.14Rohaite(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4Orth.
5.5.15VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7Tric.
5.5.16ChalcothalliteTl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
5.5.17PierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
5.5.18ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
5.5.19CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10Mon.
5.5.20ChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Contains thallium, lead and arsenic, three toxic elements - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest.

References for HutchinsoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Solly (1904), Cambridge Philosophical Society, Proceedings: 12: 277.
Solly (1905), Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 72.
Smith and Prior (1907), Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 283.
Guisca (1930), Min. Mitt.: 10: 170.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 468-470.
Takéuchi, Y., Ghose, S., Nowacki, W. (1965): The crystal structure of hutchinsonite, (Tl,Pb)2As5S9. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 121, 321-348.
White, J.S. & Nelen, J.A. (1985): Hutchinsonite from Quiruvilca, Peru. Mineralogical Record 16, 459-460.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 86: 163-178.
Matsushita, Y., Takéuchi, Y. (1994): Refinement of the crystal structure of hutchinsonite, TlPbAs5S9. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 209, 475-478.

Internet Links for HutchinsoniteHide

Localities for HutchinsoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Ma'anshan Prefecture
      • He Co.
Zhou, T.F., Fan, Y., Yuan, F., Wu, M.A., Hou, M.J., Voicu, G., Hu, Q.H., Zhang, Q.M., and Yue, S.C. (2005): Mineralogy and Petrology 85(3/4), 243-251
  • Hubei Province
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Yangxin Co.
        • Fengshan ore field
Guanglong Shu, Shimin Ma, and Jishun Liu (2007): Geology and Prospecting 43(2), 1-7
  • Yunnan Province
    • Chuxiong Autonomous Prefecture
      • Nanhua Co.
Baogui Zhang, Zhong Zhang, Guohong Gong, Sanxue Wang, and Mingzai Wang (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(2), 138-143; Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Wiesloch
P. Ramdohr, (1980) The Ore Minerals and Their Intergrowths,2nd ed., Pergammon Press, pg 740.
Iran
 
  • West Azarbaijan Province (West Azerbaijan Province)
    • Takab (Takan Tepe)
W. H. Paar, A. Pring, Y. Moëlo, C. J. Stanley, H. Putz, D. Topa, A. C. Roberts, R. S. W. Braithwaite (2009): Daliranite, PbHgAs2S6, a new sulphosalt from the Zarshouran Au-As deposit, Takab region, Iran. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 871-881.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Abuta-gun
      • Takarada
Shimizu, M., Matsuyama, F. and Shimizu, M. (1999): Hutchinsonite, TlPb(As,Sb)5S9 chabournéite, Tl2Pb(Sb,As)10S17 and unnamed (Tl,Ag)2Pb6(As,Sb)16S31 from the Toya-Takarada mine, Hokkaido, Japan -Tl mineralisation in the Kuroko deposits. Resource Geology, Special Issue no. 20, 31-37.
Peru
 
  • La Libertad Department
    • Santiago de Chuco Province
      • Quiruvilca District
White, J.S. & Nelen, J.A. (1985): Hutchinsonite from Quiruvilca, Peru. Mineralogical Record 16, 459-460; Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254
Switzerland (TL)
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Cambridge Phil.Soc.Proc.(1904) 12, 277 and Mineralogical Magazine(1905) 14, 72-82
Mineral and/or Locality  
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