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About Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Yellow, light brown
Vitreous, Greasy
Specific Gravity:
4.789 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
For the locality at the Bastnäs mines, Riddarhyttan, Skinnskatteberg, Västmanland, Sweden, plus the "Hydroxyl" prefix due to the dominance of the hydroxyl radical over fluorine and the "-(Ce)" suffix due to the dominance of cerium in the composition.

Classification of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Hide


B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)

1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths

Physical Properties of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Vitreous, Greasy
Yellow, light brown
4.789 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.760 nε = 1.870
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.110
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Hide


Crystallography of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
6 - Trigonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.4730(9) Å, c = 9.9607(14) Å
a:c = 1 : 0.799
Unit Cell V:
1,342.03 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Yang et al. (2008) give: a = 12.4112(2), c = 9.8511(3) Å.

Type Occurrence of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Synonyms of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Relationship of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
Bastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Dolomite6 photos of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Calcite4 photos of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Biraite-(Ce)2 photos of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Biraite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Quartz2 photos of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Fersmite1 photo of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Fersmite on mindat.org.
Monazite-(Ce)1 photo of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Monazite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Rutile1 photo of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Rutile on mindat.org.
Hematite1 photo of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Hematite on mindat.org.
Cordylite-(Ce)1 photo of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) associated with Cordylite-(Ce) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BD.05Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4FHex. 6mm : P63mc
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)Ba2(La,Ce,Th)(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2FTrig. 3 : P3
5.BD.35Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide


Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2OOrth.
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)3(CO3)5Mon. 2 : P21
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2OOrth.
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2OOrth.
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2OMon. m : Pm
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.14Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.8.17Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2Orth. mm2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.19EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2OHex. 6mm : P63mc
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (1964): 159: 1049-1050.
American Mineralogist (1965): 50: 805.
Hsu, L. C. (1992): Synthesis and stability of bastnaesites in a part of the system (Ce, La)-F-H-C-O. Mineralogy and Petrology 47, 81-101.
Yang, H., Dembowski, R.F., Conrad, P.G., Downs, R.T. (2008): Crystal structure and Raman spectrum of hydroxyl-bästnasite-(Ce), CeCO3(OH). Am. Mineral. 93, 698-701.
Kiyonori Michiba, Takeshi Tahara, Izumi Nakai, Ritsuro Miyawaki and Satoshi Matsubara (2011): Crystal structure of hexagonal RE(CO3)OH. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 226, 518-530.
Kiyonori Michiba, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Tetsuo Minakawa, Yasuko Terad), Izumi Nakai, Satoshi Matsubara (2013) Crystal structure of hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) from Kamihouri, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 108:326-334.

Internet Links for Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Bahia
Tony Nikischer
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
PAPOUTSA, A.D. & PE-PIPER, G. (2013) The relationship between REE-Y-Nb-Th minerals and the evolution of an A-type granite, Wentworth Pluton, Nova Scotia. American Mineralogist 98, 444-462.
  • Ontario
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Monmouth Township
Sabina, A.P. (1982): Some rare minerals of the Bancroft area. Mineralogical Record 13 (4), 225
  • Lapland
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
        • Sokli carbonatite complex
Al-Ani, T.,Sarapää, O. (2009). Rare earth elements and their mineral phases in Jammi carbonatite veins and fenites on the south side of Sokli carbonatite complex, NE Finland. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti, M19/4723/2009/34. 24 p.
  • Saxony
    • Bautzen
      • Oßling
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Germanasca valley
        • Prali
Ciriotti, M.E. & Biagioni, C. (2011): Pot-pourri 2011: identificazioni di minerali di interesse. Micro, 9, 125-133 (EPMA analysis); Collection Giuseppe Finello (ID by Raman spectroscopy)
  • Miyazaki Prefecture
    • Nobeoka City
      • Kitagawa
Minakawa, T., et al (1992): Chigaku Kenkyu, 41, 155-159; Kiyonori Michiba, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Tetsuo Minakawa, Yasuko Terad), Izumi Nakai, Satoshi Matsubara (2013) Crystal structure of hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) from Kamihouri, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 108:326-334.
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
      • Khaldzan Buragtag Massif
        • Mount Ulyn Khuren
Kartashov P.M., Voloshin A.V., PakhomovskiiYa.A. On the zonal crystaline gadolinite from the alkaline granite pegmatites of Haldzan Buragtag (Mongolian Altai), - Zapiski VMO, 1993,N3,p. 65-79.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Lower Silesia
    • Szklarska Poręba District
Kozłowski, A., & Matyszczak, W. (2018). Oxygenic bismuth minerals in the NE part of the Karkonosze pluton (West Sudetes, SW Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, 68(4).; Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
  • Harghita
    • Ditrău (Ditró)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Russia (TL)
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Kyshtym (Kychtym; Kishtim)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Vitim Plateau
      • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
        • Biraya Fe-REE ore occurrence
A. Konev et al.: European Journal of Mineralogy 17(5):715–721 (2005)
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Northern Karelia
[MinRec 31:205]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
      • Tisovec
Ondrejka M., Uher P., Pršek J., Ozdín D., Putiš M., 2005: Arsenian monazite-Ce and REE arsenates and carbonates: Composition and substitution in the REEPO4 – REEAsO4 system. Example from Tisovec – Rejkovo thyolite (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol.7, 04857.
  • Örebro
    • Lindesberg
      • Ramsberg
        • Forshammar Pegmatite Quarries
Bačík, P., Uher, P., Ertl, A., Jonsson, E., Nysten, P., Kanický, V. and Vaculovič, T. (2012): Zoned Ree Enriched Dravite from a Granitic Pegmatite in Forshammar Bergslagen Province, Sweden an Empa Xrd and La–Icp-Ms Study. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 825-841; Jonsson, E. (2012): Hydroxylbastnäsit-(Ce) från Forshammar, Bergslagen. Berg & Mineral. 22 (72), 10-11
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