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Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)

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Formula:
Nd(CO3)(OH)
Colour:
White
Lustre:
Earthy
Hardness:
1 - 2
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
For the locality at the Bastnäs mines, Riddarhyttan, Skinnskatteberg, Västmanland, Sweden, plus the "Hydroxyl" prefix due to the dominance of the hydroxyl radical over fluorine and the "-(Nd)" suffix due to the dominance of neodymium in the composition.
The neodymium analogue of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) and Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La).


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Classification of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Approved
5.BD.20a

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)
16a.1.2.3

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq
11.8.6

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths

Physical Properties of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Earthy
Colour:
White
Streak:
White
Hardness:
1 - 2 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.715 nε = 1.810
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.095
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High

Chemical Properties of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Formula:
Nd(CO3)(OH)
IMA Formula:
NdCO3(OH)

Crystallography of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal

Type Occurrence of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Synonyms of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Other Language Names for Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Relationship of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
Bastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Bastnäsite-(Y)2 photos of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd) associated with Bastnäsite-(Y) on mindat.org.
Calcybeborosilite-(Y)2 photos of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd) associated with Calcybeborosilite-(Y) on mindat.org.
Gasparite-(Ce)1 photo of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd) associated with Gasparite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Chernovite-(Y)1 photo of Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd) associated with Chernovite-(Y) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BD.05Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4FHex. 6mm : P63mc
5.BD.10Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)Ba2(La,Ce,Th)(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2Mon.
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)Hex.
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
5.BD.20bParisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2FTrig. 3 : P3
5.BD.35Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

16a.1.2.1Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
16a.1.2.2Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)Hex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2OOrth.
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)Hex.
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)3(CO3)5Mon. 2 : P21
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2OOrth.
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2OOrth.
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2OMon. m : Pm
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)Ce(CO3)(OH,H2O)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.14Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
11.8.15Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5Hex.
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.8.17Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2Orth. mm2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.19EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2OHex. 6mm
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Christensen, A.N. (1973): Hydrothermal preparation of rare earth hydroxycarbonates. The crystal structure of NdOHCO3. Acta Chemica Scandinavica 27, 2973-2982.
Dexpert, H. & Caro, P. (1974): Crystal structure of NdOHCO3. Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 1577-1585 (in French).
Maksimović, Z. & Pantó, G. (1985): Hydroxyl-bastnaesite-(Nd), a new mineral from Montenegro, Yugoslavia. Mineralogical Magazine 49, 717-720.
Farkas, L., Maksimović, Z. & Pantó, G. (1985): X-ray powder data and unit cell of natural hydroxylbastnaesite-(Nd). Neues Jahrbuch Mineral., Monatshefte 1985, 298-304.
American Mineralogist (1986): 71: 1277.
American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 440-441.
Xingfu Shang, Wencong Lu, Baohua Yue, Liangmiao Zhang, Jipeng Ni, Yong lv, and Yongli Feng (2009): Synthesis of three-dimensional hierarchical dendrites of NdOHCO3 via a facile hydrothermal method. Crystal Growth & Design 9, 1415-1420.
Kiyonori Michiba, Takeshi Tahara, Izumi Nakai, Ritsuro Miyawaki and Satoshi Matsubara (2011): Crystal structure of hexagonal RE(CO3)OH. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 226, 518-530.

Internet Links for Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

Localities for Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Greece (TL)
 
  • Sterea Hellas Department
    • Fthiótis Prefecture
      • Lokris
Pantó, G. and Maksimović, Z. (2001) Two new rare earth minerals in an unusual mineralization of the Nissi bauxite deposit, Greece. Acta Geologica Hungarica: 44(1): 81-93.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
Montenegro
 
Mineralogical Magazine(1985) 49, 717-720
Maksimović, Z. & Pantó, G. (1985): Hydroxyl-bastnaesite-(Nd), a new mineral from Montenegro, Yugoslavia. Mineralogical Magazine 49, 717-720.; Farkas, L., Maksimović, Z. & Pantó, G. (1985): X-ray powder data and unit cell of natural hydroxylbastnaesite-(Nd). Neues Jahrbuch Mineral., Monatshefte 1985, 298-304. ; Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2009 A607
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Karkonosze Mts (Karkonosze Massif)
      • Szklarska Poręba District
Pieczka A., Gołębiowska B. 2002: Pegmatites of the Szklarska Poręba Huta granite quarry: preliminary data on REE-mineralization. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, 175-177
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
      • Tisovec
Ondrejka M., Uher P., Pršek J., Ozdín D., Putiš M., 2005: Arsenian monazite-Ce and REE arsenates and carbonates: Composition and substitution in the REEPO4 – REEAsO4 system. Example from Tisovec – Rejkovo thyolite (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol.7, 04857.
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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