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6 - 6½
Member of:
Named in 1855 by Wolfgang Sartorius von Waltershausen from the Greek ύαλος for "glass" and φαίνεσθαι, "to appear," in allusion to the transparency of its crystals.
Feldspar Group. Celsian-Hyalophane Series, and the Hyalophane-Orthoclase Series (intermediate member).

Originally reported from Lengenbach Quarry, Im Feld (Imfeld; Feld; Fäld), Binn Valley, Wallis (Valais), Switzerland.

Classification of Hyalophane

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959), Questionable

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
A : Tektosilicates without additional non-tetrahedral anions

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
1 : Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
12 : Aluminosilicates of Sr, Ba and Zn

Physical Properties of Hyalophane

Hardness (Mohs):
6 - 6½

Optical Data of Hyalophane

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.542 nβ = 1.545 nγ = 1.547
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.005
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of Hyalophane

IMA Formula:
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of Hyalophane

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.52 Å, b = 12.95 Å, c = 7.14 Å
β = 116°
a:b:c = 0.658 : 1 : 0.551
Unit Cell Volume:
V 708.06 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Hyalophane

Relationship of Hyalophane to other Species

Forms a series with Orthoclase (see here)
Forms a series with Celsian (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
SunstoneA variety of feldspar (microcline or oligoclase) that has schiller, commonly with an orange/brown background color, ...
16.12.6CymriteBa(Si,Al)4(O,OH)8 · H2O
16.12.7EdingtoniteBa(Si3Al2)O10 · 4H2O
16.12.9HarmotomeBa2(Si12Al4)O32 · 12H2O
16.12.12ArmeniteBaCa2(Al6Si9)O30 · 2H2O
16.12.13Wellsite(Ba,Ca,K2)Al2Si6O16 · 6H2O
16.12.14MerlinoiteK5Ca2(Si23Al9)O64 · 24H2O
16.12.17SauconiteNa0.3Zn3(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2 · 4H2O

Other Names for Hyalophane

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:钡冰长石
Traditional Chinese:鋇冰長石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hyalophane

Reference List:
Dana, E.S. (1892) Dana's System of Mineralogy, (6th edition), 321-322.

Deer, W.A., R.A. Howie, and J. Zussman (1963) Rock-forming Minerals, volume 4, Framework Silicates, 166-178.

Gay, Peter & N.N. Roy (1965), The mineralogy of the potassium-barium feldspar series: III. Subsolid relationships: Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 914-932.

Acta Crystallographica: 33: 3073-3076.

De Pieri, R., S. Quareni, and K.M. Hall (1977) Refinement of the structures of low and high hyalophanes. Acta Crystallographica, 33, 3073-3076.

Phillips, W.R. and D.T. Griffen (1981) Optical Mineralogy, 360-363.

Mineralogical Record (1996): 27: 325-346.

Internet Links for Hyalophane URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.
The following Hyalophane specimens are currently listed for sale on

Localities for Hyalophane

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
Birch BH Book
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Mount Barker
          • Nairne
Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
  • Western Australia
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Mulgul Station
Econ Geol (1987) 82:805-825
  • Qobustan District (Gobustan; Kobustan)
    • Caspian Sea
Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Central Bosnia Canton
      • Busovača
        • Zagradski Creek
Jurkoviae, I., Slovenec, D., and Namjesnik, K. (1993): Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 28(3), 677-690.
The Royal Museum for Central Africa (RMCA), sample # 14136;
  • British Columbia
    • Greenwood Mining Division
      • Grand Forks file no. 082ESE070.
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Wicheeda Lake
Dalsin, M.L. (2013) The Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Geochronology of the Wicheeda Carbonatite Complex, British Columbia. M.Sc. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
  • New Brunswick
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Bathurst Parish
        • Bathurst Mining Camp
McClenaghan, S.H., Lentz, D.R., Martin, J., and Diegor, W.G. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 523-557.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Killala Lake Area
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
  • Saskatchewan
D. D. Hogarth (1957): The apatite-bearing veins of Nisikkatch Lake, Saskatchewan. Can. Mineral. 6, 140-150.
Halpin, Kimberley, Ansdell, Kevin M., and Pearson, John (2010) Complex Vein Relationships And Origin Of The Hoidas Lake Ree Deposit, Saskatchewan, Canada. 2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting (31 October –3 November 2010) Paper No. 132-3
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Hechi Prefecture
      • Nandan Co.
Lianxing Gu, Khin Zaw, Wenxuan Hu, Kaijun Zhang, Pei Ni, Jinxiang He, Yaotong Xu, Jianjun Lu, and Chunming Li (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31(1-4), 107-138.
  • Guizhou Province
    • Qiandongnan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Tianzhu Co.
Xia, F., Pan, J.-Y., Xia, F., Ma, D.-S., and Sun, Z.X. (2007): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2007, A 3079.
Ruidong Yang, Huairui Wei, Miao Bao, Wei Wang, and Qiang Wang (2007): Geological Review 72(5), 675-680
  • Sichuan Province
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Baiyu Co.
        • Maqiong
Fengyi Chen, Shiying Li, Zhikai Tang, Jixue Li, Yaozong Zhou, and Shuihe Mao (1984): Acta Petrologica, Mineralogica et Analytica 3(4), 337-339; Tianwei Guo and Zhongwen Han (1990): Northeastern Geological Science and Technology Information 11(2), 1-11; Qingmin Jin, Huaguang Xie, and Wenguang Wang (1992): Volcanology and Mineral Resources 13(2), 48-58; Hou Zengqian, Khin Zaw, Qu Xiaoming, Ye Qingtong, Yu Jinjie, Xu Mingji, Fu Deming and Yin Xianke (2001): Economic Geology 96(7), 1491-1512; Qingtian Lu, Zengqian Hou, Jinhua Zhao, Fengxiang Wu, and Lijun Huang (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(4), 313-322
Weiguang Zhu, Chaoyang Li, and Hailin Deng (2001): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 21(2), 219-224
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Kezilesu Autonomous Prefecture (Kizilsu Autonomous Prefecture; Qizilsu Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aketao Co. (Akto Co.; Aqto Co.)
        • Tamu-Kalangu belt (Tam-Kalanfu belt; Tamu-Kala belt)
Xiangrong Yang, Jiantang Peng, Ruizhong Hu, Huawen Qi, and Shen Liu (2009): Geochimica 38(6), 536-548
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Jílové (Eule)
        • Skalsko
Morávek P., Litochleb J., Sejkora J., Škoda R.: Pegmatity s molybdenitem u Skalska na Jílovsku, ČEská republika - historie, geologie a mineralogie. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2010, 18, 2, 32-42.
Morávek P., Litochleb J., Sejkora J., Škoda R.: Pegmatity s molybdenitem u Skalska na Jílovsku, ČEská republika - historie, geologie a mineralogie. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2010, 18, 2, 32-42.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
          • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
    • Pardubice Region
Prachař, I.: Současný stav výskytu nerostů ve Chvaleticích. Acta musei Reginaehradecensis, série A: vědy přírodní, 1981, roč. XVI., s. 99-102.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Moravia-Silesia Region
      • Frýdlant nad Ostravicí
        • Kunčice pod Ondřejníkem
Kudělásek, V., Mandour, M. A., Matýsek, D.: Výskyt witheritu a barytu v těšínitických horninách na lokalitě Kunčice pod Ondřejníkem. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1989, roč. 34, č. 2, s. 205-207.
      • Rýmařov
Fojt, B. et al.: Paragenetická charakteristika ložisek Pb-Zn rud v širším okolí Horního Města u Rýmařova. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2007, 92, 3-57.
    • Olomouc Region
      • Šumperk (Mährisch Schönberg)
Novotný, P., Zimák, J., Toegel, V.: Mineralizace alpského typu z lomu v Krásném u Šumperka. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2002, roč. 10, s. 259-264.
Petr Paulis (2001): Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mahren und Schlesien; Kuttna, Kutná Hora p69-73
Pauliš, P.: Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mähren und Schlesien. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2001.
    • Vysočina Region
Houzar, S.: Přehled minerálů amfibolitového lomu v Mirošově (západní Morava), Minerál, 1999, roč. 7, č. 4, s. 294-296.
Houzar, S., Novák, M., Doležalová, H., Hrazdil, V., Pfeiferová, A.: Přehled mineralogie, petrografie a geologie nedvědických mramorů, svratecké krystalinikum. Acta Musei Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2006, roč. 91, s. 3-77.
      • Třebíč
Houzar S.: Zinkem a baryem bohaté minerální asociace (sfalerit - Zn-spinel - hyalofán - Ba-flogopit) z mramoru u Číchova na západní Moravě (moldanubikum). Acta rerum naturalium (Jihlava), 2015, 18, 1-7.
Novák, M. & Škoda, R. (2007): Mn3+-rich andalusite to kanonaite and their breakdown products from metamanganolite at Kojetice near Třebíč, the Moldanubian Zone, Czech Republic. Journal of Geosciences, 52(1-2), 161-167.
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Vihanti
Sergeeva, N. E., Eremin, N. I., & Dergachev, A. L. (2011, February). Vanadium mineralization in ore of the Vihanti massive sulfide base-metal deposit, Finland. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 436, No. 2, pp. 210-212). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Aure Valley
        • Nabias
European J. Mineralogy, 11/5, 879-890
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Furtwangen
        • Waldau
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Gerolstein
        • Rockeskyll
          • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
Riley, T., Bailey, K., Barium-rich Sanidine Megacrysts from the West Eifel (Germany), N: JB. Miner. Mh., 18-30, 2003
  • Motagua Valley
Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
  • Co. Galway
    • Killimor
de Haller, series of article in Bull. Soc. Genevoise de Minéralogie in the 1980s.
  • Negev
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
  • Aosta Valley
    • Courmayeur
      • Sapin Valley
Paolo Castello: Lo Ialofane e gli altri minerali del giacimento piombo-baritico del Trou des Romains, (Courmayeur, Valle d'Aosta) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Vol. 8, Fasc. 1, 1977
    • Saint-Marcel
Frank K. Mazdab collection (see for normalized analysis)
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
      • Sacrofano Caldera
        • Sacrofano
Stoppani F.S., Curti E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.; Liotti L., Tealdi E. (1983): Il vulcanismo Sabatino ed i minerali della Caldera di Sacrofano. Riv. Miner. Ital., 7, 2 (2-1983), 35-58.
  • Liguria
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta Vara
        • Mt. Dragnone
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Formazza Valley
          • Formazza
Mattioli V. (1979): Minerali Ossolani. Ed. Arti Grafiche Medesi, Milano, 268 pp.; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
        • Mergozzo
          • Candoglia
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Pitigliano
Liotti L., 1991. I minerali dei vulcani laziali a Pitigliano (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 15 (3): 121-139.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Niigata Prefecture
Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., ... & Cui, W. (2012). Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(2), 345-370.
    • Kanto Region
      • Tochigi Prefecture
        • Kanuma City
Akira Kato (undated manuscript): Country rock and Minerals of the Kaso mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture. (in japanese)
      • Tokyo Metropolis
        • Nishi-Tama-gun
          • Okutama-cho
Am Min 90:1468; Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Shimizu M, Imai H (2004) Tokyoite, Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH), a new mineral from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 99, 363-367
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Kunohe-gun
          • Noda-mura
Watanabe, T. (1959) Mineralogical Journal, 2, 6, 408-421
        • Shimohei-gun
          • Tanohata-mura
            • Tanohata mine
Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Shigeoka, M., Miyajima, H., Suzuki, Y., ... & Ishibashi, T. (2010). Momoiite and nagashimalite from the Tanohata mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science C, 36, 1-6.
  • Issyk-Kul'skaya Oblast
    • Inyl'chek Range
      • Muzeinyi Valley
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Kachin State
    • Mohnyin District (Moe Hnyin District)
      • Hpakant Township (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
Shi, G., Harlow, G.E., Wang, J. Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., Cao, G. & Cui, W. (2012): Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar:a review with new data. Eur. J. Mineral. 24, 345–370
Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., ... & Cui, W. (2012). Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(2), 345-370.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 368 pp. (in English); Viswanathan, K., & Brandt, K. (1980). The crystal structure of a ternary (BarKrNa)-feldspar and its significance. American Mineralogist, 65, 472-476.; Cabral, A. R., Moore, J. M., Mapani, B. S., Koubová, M., & Sattler, C. D. (2011). Geochemical and mineralogical constraints on the genesis of the Otjosondu ferromanganese deposit, Namibia: hydrothermal exhalative versus hydrogenetic (including snowball-earth) origins. South African Journal of Geology, 114(1), 57-76.
New Zealand
  • South Island
    • Canterbury
Henderson, William, 1983, Microminerals, Mineralogical Record, v. 14, p. 49.
  • Buskerud
    • Kongsberg
      • Kongsberg Silver Mining District
        • Overberget Mining Field
Nordrum, F. S. (2003): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2002-2003. STEIN 30 (2), 4-10
Nordrum, F. S. (2003): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2002-2003. STEIN 30 (2), 4-10
        • Underberget Mining Field
Nordrum, F. S. ; Larsen, A. O. & Erambert, M. (2003): Ba,Sr-mineraler i Kongsberg sølvforekomster- en foreløpig rapport. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift 25: 43-50
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Sowie Mts
Pieczka A., Łobos K., Sachanbiński M. 2004: The first occurence of elbaite in Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 35, 3-14
Republic of Macedonia
  • Veles
    • Nežilovo
      • Jakupica Mts
        • Babuna Valley
Chukanov, Nikita V., Jančev, Simeon., Pekov, Igor V. (2015): The association of Oxygen-bearing minerals of the chalcophile elements in the orogenetic zone related to the “mixed series” complex near Nežilovo, Republic of Macedonia. Macedonian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 115–124
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Lake Baikal area
          • Slyudyanka (Sludyanka)
Konstantin Klopotov's Data
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
Safonov, Y. G., Volkov, A. V., Vol’fson, A. A., Genkin, A. D., Krylova, T. L., & Chugaev, A. V. (2003). The Maisk Quartz Gold Deposit (Northern Karelia): Geological, Mineralogical, and Geochemical Studies and Some Genetic Problems. Geol. Rudn. Mestorozhd, 45(5), 429-451.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
      • Tisovec
Hurai V. & Huraiová M., 2011: Origin of ferroan alabandite and manganoan sphalerite from the Tisovec skarn, Slovakia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abh., 188, 119-134.
South Korea
  • Chungcheongbukdo (Chungchong-pukto)
    • Goesan-gun (Koesan-gun)
Gi Young Jeong (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 469-481.
  • Daejeon
    • Daejeon-gun
Gi Young Jeong (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 469-481.
  • Castile and Leon
Moro, M.C., Cembranos, M.L., and Fernandez, A. (2001): Canadian Mineralogist 39, 1039-1051.
  • Lappland
    • Ultevis
Augsten, R. (2010): Mineralientouren nach Skandinavien (III). Lapplands bunte Farben: Manganmineralien vom Tjaktjajaure, Ultevis, Schweden. Lapis, 35 (2), 39-41.
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Kjell Gatedal
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
No reference listed
    • Lindesberg
      • Nyberget ore field
Kjell Gatedal
Econ Geol (1992) 87:1624-1634
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 128+218.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Binn Valley
      • Binn
Cannon, R., Hensel, H. & Raber, T. (2008): Der Reckibach-Dolomit im Binntal, Schweiz: Mineralbestand und Neufunde. Lapis, 33 (3), 20-28; 50. (in German)
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 217-218; American Mineralogist 68, 112 (1983)
      • Freichi area
      • Giessen
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 218.
    • Brig
      • Simplon pass area
Weibel, M. (1990): Die Mineralien der Schweiz, 165.
    • Visp
      • Baltschieder Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 21
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Lleyn Peninsula
        • Llanfaelrhys
          • Rhiw
  • Kiev Oblast' (Kyiv Oblast'; Kyivshchyna)
Bondarenko, S.; Grinchenko, O.; Semka, V. (2005): Au-Ag-Te-Se mineralization in the Potashnya gold deposit, Kocherov tectonic zone, Ukrainian Shield. Geokhimiya, Mineralogiya i Petrologiya 43, 20-25.
  • California
    • Tulare Co.
      • Dumtah
Mineralogical Record: 34(2): 159-166
  • Colorado
    • Teller Co.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
  • Minnesota
    • Crow Wing Co.
      • Cuyuna North Range
McSwiggen, P. L., Morey, G. B., & Cleland, J. M. (1994). Occurrence and genetic implications of hyalophane in manganese-rich iron-formation, Cuyuna Iron Range, Minnesota, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(392), 387-400.
  • Montana
    • Meagher Co.; Chakhmouradian A.R., Mitchell R.H. (2002): The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 143, 93-114.
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Corral Creek District
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Open-File Report 98-338 chapter 11
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Frondel, C., et al: Am.Min.:51:1388-1393 (1966); Dunn, P.J.: Mineralogical Magazine:48:562-563 (1984); Palache(1935):59; Dunn(1995):Pt4:510.
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
  • Pennsylvania
    • Delaware Co.
      • Middletown Township
MEIER (A. E.). Association of harmotome and barium feldspar at Glen Riddle, Pennsylvania.
Western Sahara
  • Dchira
Meteoritical Society Abstracts (2001)
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