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Hydroxylherderite

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Siegmund August Wolfgang von Herder
Formula:
CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Colour:
Colorless, gray, brown, pale yellow, greenish white, light blue, purple; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Hardness:
5 - 5½
Specific Gravity:
2.95
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named "hydro-herderite" in 1894 by Samuel L. Penfield. Named changed to "hydroxyl-herderite" by Palache, Berman, and Frondel in 1954. Originally named for Siegmund August Wolfgang von Herder (1776-1838), Mining official in Freiberg, Germany. The "Hydroxyl-" prefix signifies the dominance of hydroxide over fluorine.
Herderite-Hydroxylherderite Series. The hydroxyl-dominant analogue of Herderite. Hydroxylherderite is isotypic with Datolite.

Found usually as a pegmatite mineral formed during late stage hydrothermal deposition.

Warning: Most specimens labelled "herderite" are in fact hydroxylherderite, i.e., OH-dominant members of the solid-solution series.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of HydroxylherderiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.BA.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
A : With small and medium-sized cations
41.5.4.2

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq
19.3.4

19 : Phosphates
3 : Phosphates of Be and Mg

Physical Properties of HydroxylherderiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colorless, gray, brown, pale yellow, greenish white, light blue, purple; colourless in transmitted light.
Comment:
May be blue-green or blue in daylight, lavender or light violet in incandescent light
Streak:
white
Hardness:
5 - 5½ on Mohs scale
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
On {110}, interrupted.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
2.95 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.00(2) g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HydroxylherderiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.589 - 1.615 nβ = 1.610 - 1.634 nγ = 1.619 - 1.643
2V:
Measured: 70° to 77°, Calculated: 64°
Birefringence:
0.029
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v inclined
Optical Extinction:
inclined
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of HydroxylherderiteHide

Formula:
CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
IMA Formula:
CaBe(PO4)(OH)

Crystallography of HydroxylherderiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.789(2) Å, b = 7.661(1) Å, c = 4.804(1) Å
β = 90.02°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.278 : 1 : 0.627
Unit Cell V:
360.27 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Stout prismatic crystals [100] or [001]; thick tabular {001}. Commonly pseudo-orthorhombic in aspect, rarely monoclinic; pseudo-hexagonal [001] at times. Also occurs as botryoidal or spheroidal aggregates with a radial-fibrous structure.
Twinning:
On {100} or {001} as fishtail contact. Most crystals are twinned; however, some exhibit no outward signs of this morphology.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.76 (20)
3.43 (30)
3.14 (10)
3.00 (30)
2.87 (40)
2.55 (20)
2.21 (30)
1.996 (20)
Comments:
Am Min 59:919 (1974)

Synonyms of HydroxylherderiteHide

Other Language Names for HydroxylherderiteHide

Simplified Chinese:羟磷铍钙石

Relationship of Hydroxylherderite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)Mon. 2/m
Herderite-Hydroxylherderite SeriesMon.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
CassiteriteSnO2
ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
QuartzSiO2
TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Albite65 photos of Hydroxylherderite associated with Albite on mindat.org.
Quartz45 photos of Hydroxylherderite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Muscovite31 photos of Hydroxylherderite associated with Muscovite on mindat.org.
Elbaite29 photos of Hydroxylherderite associated with Elbaite on mindat.org.
Lepidolite23 photos of Hydroxylherderite associated with Lepidolite on mindat.org.
Topaz22 photos of Hydroxylherderite associated with Topaz on mindat.org.
Cookeite19 photos of Hydroxylherderite associated with Cookeite on mindat.org.
Fluorapatite18 photos of Hydroxylherderite associated with Fluorapatite on mindat.org.
Microcline15 photos of Hydroxylherderite associated with Microcline on mindat.org.
Cleavelandite15 photos of Hydroxylherderite associated with Cleavelandite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BA.05VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BA.10BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BA.10HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)Mon. 2/m
8.BA.15BabefphiteBaBePO4(F,OH)Tet.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

41.5.4.1HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)Mon. 2/m
41.5.4.3VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
41.5.4.4BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.3.1MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2OMon.
19.3.2BerylloniteNaBePO4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.3.3HurlbutiteCaBe2(PO4)2Mon.
19.3.5GlucineCaBe4(PO4)2(OH)4 · 0.5H2O
19.3.6FransoletiteCa3Be2(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
19.3.7UraloliteCa2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2OMon.
19.3.9PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2OIso. 2 3 : I2 3
19.3.10TiptopiteK2(Na,Ca)2Li3Be6(PO4)6(OH)2 · H2OHex.
19.3.11GainesiteNa(Na,K)(Be,Li)Zr2(PO4)4 · 1.5-2H2OTet. 4mm : I41md
19.3.12RoscheriteCa2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
19.3.13FaheyiteBe2Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)4 · 6H2OTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
19.3.14FarringtoniteMg3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m
19.3.15HoltedahliteMg2(PO4)(OH)Trig. 3m : P3 1m
19.3.16AlthausiteMg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,☐)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
19.3.17NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.3.18PhosphorrössleriteMg(HPO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.3.19BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.3.20Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
19.3.21Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.3.22Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2OOrth.
19.3.23Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2OOrth. mm2
19.3.24Hannayite(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1

Fluorescence of HydroxylherderiteHide

Weak yellow under SW
Sometimes bright yellow-orange phosphorescence

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in acids.

An alteration product of Beryllonite at Newry, Maine, USA.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HydroxylherderiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Dana (1884) American Journal of Science: 27: 229.
Des Cloizeaux (1884) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 7: 130.
Bertrand in: Des Cloizeaux (1886) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 9: 141.
Penfield and Harper (1886) American Journal of Science: 32: 107.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 760.
Penfield (1894) American Journal of Science: 47: 329 (as Hydro-herderite and Hydro-fluorherderite).
Ford (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 50: 97.
Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 4: 127.
Palache, C. and Shannon (1928) American Mineralogist: 13: 394.
Hintze, Carl (1931) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [4A]: 688.
Yatsevitch (1935) American Mineralogist: 20: 426.
Strunz (1936) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 93: 146.
Leavens, et al., 1978, Compositional and Refractive Index Variations of the Herderite-Hydroxyl-herderite Series, American Mineralogist, v 63, p. 913-917.
Mineralogical Record (1979): 10: 5.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 256.

Internet Links for HydroxylherderiteHide

Localities for HydroxylherderiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Konar Province (Kunar Province; Konarh Province; Konarha Province; Nuristan)
    • Chapa Dara District
various added photos
  • Nuristan Province (Nurestan Province; Nooristan Province; Nuristan)
    • Kamdesh District
Lyckberg, P. (2011): Edelstein-Pegmatite in Afghanistan: Paprok. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 46-57
Argentina
 
  • San Luis
    • Chacabuco department
      • Sierra de la Estranzuela
Galliski, M. Á., Černý, P., Márquez-Zavalía, M. F., & Chapman, R. (2012). An association of secondary Al–Li–Be–Ca–Sr phosphates in the San Elías pegmatite, San Luis, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(4), 933-942.; Galliski M A, Černý P, Márquez-Zavalía M F, Chapman R (1999) Ferrotitanowodginite, Fe2+TiTa2O8, a new mineral of the wodginite group from the San Elías pegmatite, San Luis, Argentina. American Mineralogist 84, 773-777
Galliski, M. Á., Černý, P., Márquez-Zavalía, M. F., & Chapman, R. (2012). An association of secondary Al–Li–Be–Ca–Sr phosphates in the San Elías pegmatite, San Luis, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(4), 933-942.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Koralpe
      • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
        • Brandrücken
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Upper Austria
    • Mühlviertel
      • Perg
        • St Georgen an der Gusen
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); Brandstetter, G. & M. Reich (1998): Luftenberg - eine bedeutende Pegmatitmineralisation in Oberösterreich. OÖ. Geonachr. 13, 11-25; Brandstetter, G. & Reich, M. (1999): Luftenberg - eine bedeutende Pegmatitmineralisation in Oberösterreich. Mineralien-Welt 10 (3), 12-18.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
Van King
    • Conselheiro Pena
Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
      • Ferruginha
Mineralogical Record (2009) 40:273-292
    • Coronel Murta
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-6229 ((Ex-Luiz Menezes specimen)
[Mineralogical Record 30:150]
    • Divino das Laranjeiras
      • Linópolis
Leavens, P. et al, Compositional and Refractive Index Variations of the Herderite-Hydroxyl-herderite Series, Am Min v63, p 913-917 (1978)
Roberto Bosi collection
[MinRec 14:235]
    • Galiléia
      • Laranjeiras
Luiz Menezes
      • Sapucaia do Norte
Cassedanne, J.P. & Baptista, A. (1999): Famous Mineral Localities: The Sapucaia Pegmatite Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 30: 347-360 + 365
    • Governador Valadares
      • Golconda district
Luis Menezes
Am Min 59:919-925
    • Itambacuri
Tom Loomis
    • Itinga
      • Taquaral
        • Piauí Valley
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Pete J. Dunn, Min.Rec. Vol 10, No.4 p. 251
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Rock Currier
Rock Currier
    • Virgem da Lapa
Rocks & Min.: 63: 45, 389.
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Frei Martinho
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
        • Quixaba
Fernando Brederodes Collection
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1339-1345.
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Nanping Prefecture
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field (Xikeng pegmatite field)
Can Rao, Ru Cheng Wang, and Huan Hu (2011): Paragenetic assemblages of beryllium silicates and phosphates from the Nanping No. 31 granitic pegmatite dyke, Fujian province, southestern China. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 1175-1187
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Yichun Prefecture
      • Yuanzhou District
        • Yichun complex (Yashan batholith)
Xiaolong Huang, Rucheng Wang, Xiaoming Chen, and Changshi Liu (2001): Geological Review 47(5), 449-458; Xudong Che, Rucheng Wang, Huan Hu, Wenlan Zhang, and Xiaolong Huang (2007): Acta Petrologica Sinica 23(6), 1552-1560
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
Cempírek, J.: Hydroxylherderit z Rožné. Minerál, 2001, roč. 9, č. 5, s. 328-329 ; Cempírek, J. & Novák, M.(2006) Beryllophosphate Assemblages From The Rožná Pegmatite, Czech Republic. Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.20
P. Pauliš (2001): Nejzajímavější naleziště Moravy a Slezska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora.
P. Pauliš (2001): Nejzajímavější naleziště Moravy a Slezska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora.
Finland
 
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Somero
Ilkka Mikkola collection
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Ilkka Mikkola collection
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
G. Aubert : "Les coupoles granitiques de Montebras et d'Echassières (Massif Central Français) et la genèse de leur minéralisations (BRGM, 1969); Econ Geol (1995) 90:548-576
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Weißenstadt
          • Kirchenlamitz
Leavens, P., Dunn, P., and Gaines, R., 1978, Compositional and Refractive Index Variations of the Herderite-Hydroxylherderite Series, American Mineralogist, 63:913-917.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
Grill, E. (1935): I minerali del granito di Baveno, la fayalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 129-133. - Gallitelli, P. (1936): Le miche del granito di Baveno. . Periodico di Mineralogia, 61-76 - Pagliani, G. (1948): Le Zeoliti del granito di Baveno. Periodico di Mineralogia, 175-188. - Ravagnani, D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Ed., Milano, 188 pp. - min. Rec. 14 (3), 157-168 - Am. Min. 83, 1330-1334 (1998) - Am. Min. 84, 782-789 (1999). - Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2004): Kristiansenite a Baveno, second ritrovamento Mondiale della specie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 247-251. - Guastoni, A., Demartin, F., Pezzotta, F. (2004): Sekaninaite delle pegmatiti granitiche di Feriolo e Baveno (VB). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 145, 59-68. - Mineralogist americano (2005) 90, 1442-1452.
American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Kasumigaura City
          • Chiyoda-machi
Matsubara, S. & Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals (National Science Museum)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
Matsubara, S. & Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals (National Science Museum)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Kalba Range
      • Irtysh River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
various added photos
    • Karibib District
      • Spitzkopje Area
Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
- Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, p. 288-290 (in German)
Pakistan
 
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Astor District (Astore District)
      • Astor valley (Astore valley)
various correctly added photos
Dudley Blauwet et al. (2004), Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International
    • Baltistan
      • Skardu District
        • Braldu Valley
Baluwet, D., 2004. Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains and Majesty, Lapis International, 96 p.
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
various added photos
Kazmi et al, 1985, Gem pegmatites of the Shingas-Dusso area, Gilgit, Pakistan. Mineralogical Record 16:4; Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Technical/ Sub – Sector Study On Gemstones In Baltistan, Northern Areas Gem Sector Development Project. Baltistan Culture & Development Foundation
          • Hoh Nala
Dudley Blauwat specimen
Blauwet, D., Smith, B., and Smith, C., 1997. A Guide to the Mineral Localities of the Northern Areas, Pakistan. Mineralogical Record 28(3), 183-200.
        • Haramosh Mts.
various added photos
Muhammad Majid personal comunication
Herb Obodda
        • Shigar Valley
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
    • Gilgit District
      • Haramosh Mts.
Ref: Blauwet, D., Smith, B., and Smith, C., 1997. A Guide to the Mineral Locations of Northern Pakistan. Mineralogical Record 28(3), 183-200.
      • Hunza Valley
various added photos
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Portugal
 
  • Viseu District
    • Sátão
      • Romãs
Nuno Afonso collection
Pedro Alves collection
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Plast
          • Kochkar' District
            • Svetlyi
Igor Savin's data
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Alt Empordà
        • Cadaqués
Pura Alfonso - J. C. Melgarejo, Boron vs. Phosphorus in granitic pegmatites: the Cap de Creus case, Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 45/1-2 (2000)
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Forcarei
Fuertes-Fuente, M., Martin-Izard, A., Boiron, M.C., and Mangas, J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 332-345.
      • Lalín
Fuertes-Fuente, M., Martin-Izard, A., Boiron, M.C., and Mangas, J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 332-345.
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland
    • Nynäshamn
      • Norrö
Nysten,P. & Gustafsson, L.(2006): I jakt på sällsynta mineral. Geologiskt forum nr 49, 22-25
Langhof, J. , Jonsson, E. & Gustafsson, L. (2016): Sekundära Be-mineral i svenska granitpegmatiter-en översikt. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2016: 43-52
  • Uppland
    • Sigtuna
      • Arlanda
Langhof, J. , Jonsson, E. & Gustafsson, L. (2016): Sekundära Be-mineral i svenska granitpegmatiter-en översikt. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2016: 43-52
USA
 
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Cooper Canyon District
        • Iron Spring Mountain
Ordway, A. (2003) The Blue Chihuahua Mine. Where art thou? Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, January.; Jesse Fisher (2011) Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals 86:14-35.
per Nick Rose and Al Ordway 1995
Ordway, A. (2003) The Blue Chihuahua Mine. Where art thou? Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, January.
    • San Diego Co.
      • Jacumba District
        • Jacumba
          • Tule Mountain (Mount Tule; Tulley Mountain)
various added photos
various added photos
      • Warner Springs District
        • Chihuahua Valley
Cordova, E. M. 2004. Visual study of a pale grayish yellow to colorless crystal measuring 10x8x7mm, including comparative analysis of similar regional occurrences.
Mark Mauthner visual identification; Jesse Fisher (2011) Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals 86:14-34.
        • Warner Springs
Van King (2009)
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
Schooner (1958); Januzzi (1994); Harold Moritz collection
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
Harold Moritz collection
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • East Mount Apatite District
No reference listed
"Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998; USGS Bull 445
        • West Mount Apatite District
USGS Bull 445
No reference listed
      • Poland
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.; Roda-Robles, E., Simmons, W., Pesquera, A., Gil-Crespo, P. P., Nizamoff, J., & Torres-Ruiz, J. (2015). Tourmaline as a petrogenetic monitor of the origin and evolution of the Berry-Havey pegmatite (Maine, USA). American Mineralogist, 100(1), 95-109.
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
Thompson, W.B., et,al., 2000, Rocks & Minerals, vol. 75, no. 6, pgs 408-418
    • Oxford Co.
      • Albany
"Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998
King, V. (ed.), 2009, Maine feldspar, Families, and Feuds
      • Buckfield
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine;[MinRec 26:577]
      • Greenwood
Bastin, Edson Sunderland (1911) Geology of the pegmatites and associated rocks of Maine, including feldspar, quartz, mica, and gem deposits. USGS Bulletin 445.
Mineral News (1993) 9:2 p. 8; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
King, V. and Foord, E. (1994) Mineralogy of Maine. Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geogoical Survey, Augusta, Maine, pp 418 + 88 plates.
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
Mineral News (1999) 15:6 pp8-10; Mineral News (1994) 10:12 pp1,2; Mineral News (1991) 7:3 pp6,7,10
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine.
      • Hebron
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 822.; USGS Bull 445
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2, with updates by Van King
Am Min 63:913-917
"Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1" by King, V.T. & Foord, E.E., Maine Geologic Survey, 1994
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2
      • Norway
No reference listed
      • Paris
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 822; American Mineralogist: 63: 913-917.
      • Peru
No reference listed
      • Rumford
"Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998)
Tim Blake and Scott Soucey specimens
      • Stoneham
Am Min 63:913-917; Bastin, Edson Sunderland (1911) Geology of the pegmatites and associated rocks of Maine, including feldspar, quartz, mica, and gem deposits. USGS Bulletin 445.
      • West Paris
No reference listed
    • Sagadahoc Co.
      • Georgetown
P. Cristofono collection, 2015
      • Topsham
Guidebook 1 to Mineral Collecting in the Maine Pegmatite Belt Pg. 1
No reference listed
No reference listed
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
      • North Andover
Harvard Mineralogical Museum, Ex. Ed Grew collection
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Alexandria
Rocks & Min. 65:304; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Groton
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
American Mineralogist: 63: 913-917.
Am Min 63:913-917
      • Orange
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    • Strafford Co.
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
Rocks & Min. 80:256 (2005); Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 65, 76-83.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
    • Gaston Co.
      • Bessemer City
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Fourmile
Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
  • Virginia
    • Amelia Co.
      • Amelia (Amelia Court House)
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich; Lumpkin, G. R. (1998). Rare-element mineralogy and internal evolution of the Rutherford# 2 Pegmatite, Amelia County, Virginia; a classic locality revisited. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36(2), 339-353.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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