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Hydrobasaluminite

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Formula:
Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
Colour:
White
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
For being the hydrated analogue of basaluminite.
White, plastic, clay-like masses.
Dehydrates at about room temperature to basaluminite = felsöbanyaite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of HydrobasaluminiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.DE.60

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations; unclassified
31.4.6.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
4 : (AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
25.6.10

25 : Sulphates
6 : Sulphates of Al and Tl

Physical Properties of HydrobasaluminiteHide

Colour:
White

Chemical Properties of HydrobasaluminiteHide

Formula:
Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
IMA Formula:
Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 15H2O

Crystallography of HydrobasaluminiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 14.911(5) Å, b = 9.993(2) Å, c = 13.640(5) Å
β = 112.40(4)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.492 : 1 : 1.365
Unit Cell V:
1,879.08 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:
Space group and Z not determined.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
12.59 (100)
6.30 (10)
5.91 (9)
5.26 (10)
4.693 (11)
3.960 (11)
3.681 (11b)
Comments:
Recorded from moist powder.

Type Occurrence of HydrobasaluminiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
White, plastic, clay-like masses.

Other Language Names for HydrobasaluminiteHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DE.05MangazeiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 3H2OTric.
7.DE.10CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2OOrth.
7.DE.10CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2OOrth.
7.DE.10UKI-1975-(SO:AlCu)(Cu, Al, SO4, H2O)
7.DE.15SchwertmanniteFe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2OTet.
7.DE.20TlalociteCu10Zn6(Te6+O4)2(Te4+O3)(OH)25Cl · 27H2OOrth.
7.DE.25UtahiteCu5Zn3(TeO4)4(OH)8 · 7H2OTric.
7.DE.35CoquanditeSb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)Tric. 1 : P1
7.DE.40OsakaiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DE.45WilcoxiteMgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.DE.50Stanleyite(V4+O)(SO4) · 6H2OOrth.
7.DE.55McalpineiteCu3(Te6+O6)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
7.DE.62VolaschioiteFe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
7.DE.65ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2OTric.
7.DE.70LautenthalitePbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DE.75CamérolaiteCu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.6.1RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.6.2JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon.
25.6.3KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.6.4Meta-aluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
25.6.5AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.6.6Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
25.6.7AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
25.6.8FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
25.6.9BasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OHex.
25.6.11ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2OTric.
25.6.12TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.6.13MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m
25.6.14Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
25.6.15NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
25.6.16KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.6.17Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
25.6.18AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
25.6.19Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.6.20Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HydrobasaluminiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bannister and Hollingworth (1948) Nature: 162: 565.
American Mineralogist (1948): 33: 787.
Hollingworth and Bannister (1950) Mineralogical Magazine: 29: 1.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 586.

Internet Links for HydrobasaluminiteHide

Localities for HydrobasaluminiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Czech Republic
 
  • South Moravia Region
    • Hustopeče
Batík, P., Hrušková, J.: Hydrobasaluminit a basaluminit z Nikolčic u Brna. Sborník Národního musea v Praze, 1971, 27B, 1, 9-16.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
Italy
 
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
            • Porto Levante
              • Faraglioni di Levante (Grotte dei Faraglioni; Grotte del Faraglione; "Grotte de Faraglione")
                • Faraglione Nico (Faraglione Piccolo; Faragghiune Nicu)
P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
UK
 
  • England
    • East Sussex
      • Lewes
        • Newhaven
De Putter, T., Bernard, A., Perruchot, A., Nicaise, D., & Dupuis, C. (2000). Low-temperature acid weathering in Newhaven, Sussex, United Kingdom, and its application to theoretical modeling in radioactive waste-disposal sites. Clays and Clay Minerals, 48(2), 238-245.
    • Northamptonshire
      • Wellingborough
[Specimen in the collection of the Natural History Museum, London]
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 586.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
          • Bisbee
            • Queen Hill
              • Copper Queen Mine (Halero Mine)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 129.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 254.
  • Indiana
    • Martin Co.
AmMin 54:1363
Sunderman, J & C. Beck (1959) Hydrobasaluminite from Shoals, Indiana: American Mineralogist: 54: 1363-1373.
AmMin 53:722
  • Massachusetts
    • Franklin Co.
      • Rowe
Cerato, A.. 2003: Mineralogical Study of Davis Mine, Rowe, MA, Using X-Ray Diffraction Techniques
  • New Mexico
    • Eddy Co.
Journ. of Cave & Karst Stud., April 1998
  • North Carolina
    • Swain Co.
      • Great Smoky Mts
Hammarstrom,Jane M.Seal II,Robert R.Meier,Allen L. and Jackson,John C.(2003)Weathering of Sulfidic Shale and Copper Mine Waste:Secondary Minerals and Metal Cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park,Tennessee,and North Carolina,USA,US Geological Survey, pg #53
  • Pennsylvania
    • Columbia Co.
STRACHER, Glenn B., (2007) GAS VENT MINERALOGY OF COAL FIRES BURNING AROUND THE WORLD Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 39, No. 2, p. 81
Mineral and/or Locality  
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