SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Hydrocalumite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About HydrocalumiteHide

Formula:
Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
may be multiple species
Colour:
Colourless to light green
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
2.15
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
In allusion to the composition, containing water (HYDRO-), CALcium, and ALUMinium.
The range of composition currently ascribed to hydrocalumite may represent more than one species (Mills et al., 2012).
Several hydrocalumite-related species have been described as synthetic compounds ('AFm phases' in cement mineralogy).


Classification of HydrocalumiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1934
4.FL.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
L : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
6.4.4.1

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
4 : Miscellaneous
7.4.14

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
4 : Oxides of Be, Mg and the alkaline earths

Physical Properties of HydrocalumiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless to light green
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Perfect
{001}; a poor cleavage inclined at about 60° to {100}.
Density:
2.15 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.15 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HydrocalumiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.535 nβ = 1.553 nγ = 1.557
2V:
Measured: 24° , Calculated: 50°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.022
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r > v weak

Chemical Properties of HydrocalumiteHide

Formula:
Ca4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O

may be multiple species

Crystallography of HydrocalumiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2 - Sphenoidal
Space Group:
P21
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.6 Å, b = 11.4 Å, c = 16.84 Å
β = 111°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.842 : 1 : 1.477
Unit Cell V:
1,720.56 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Massive; tabular, pseudohexagonal crystals.

Crystal StructureHide

Load
Unit Cell | Unit Cell Packed
2x2x2 | 3x3x3 | 4x4x4
Show
Big Balls | Small Balls | Just Balls | Spacefill
Polyhedra Off | Si Polyhedra | All Polyhedra
Remove metal-metal sticks
Display Options
Black Background | White Background
Perspective On | Perspective Off
2D | Stereo | Red-Blue | Red-Cyan
View
CIF File    Best | x | y | z | a | b | c
Rotation
Stop | Start
Labels
Console Off | On | Grey | Yellow
IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0014831HydrocalumiteSacerdoti M, Passaglia E (1988) Hydrocalumite from Latium, Italy: its crystal structure and relationship with related synthetic phases Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1988 462-4751988Montalto di Castro, Viterbo, Latium, Italy0293
0014832HydrocalumiteSacerdoti M, Passaglia E (1988) Hydrocalumite from Latium, Italy: its crystal structure and relationship with related synthetic phases Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1988 462-4751988Montalto di Castro, Viterbo, Latium, Italy0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.92 Å(vvs)
3.99 Å(vs)
2.87 Å(s)
2.46 Å(s)
1.657 Å(ms)
2.70 Å(m)
2.24 Å(m)

Type Occurrence of HydrocalumiteHide

Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Tilley, C.E., Megaw, H.D., Hey, M.H. (1934) Hydrocalumite (4CaO.Al2O3.12H2O), a new mineral from Scawt Hill, Co. Antrim. Mineralogical Magazine: 23: 607-615.

Other Language Names for HydrocalumiteHide

Simplified Chinese:水铝钙石
Traditional Chinese:水鋁鈣石

Relationship of Hydrocalumite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
KuzeliteCa4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2OTrig.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Hydrocalumite associated with EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
3 photos of Hydrocalumite associated with CalciteCaCO3
2 photos of Hydrocalumite associated with AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
1 photo of Hydrocalumite associated with HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
1 photo of Hydrocalumite associated with KuzeliteCa4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.FL.TrébeurdeniteFe2+2Fe3+4O2(OH)10CO3·3H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.05WoodalliteMg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.05IowaiteMg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.05JamboriteNi2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.05MeixneriteMg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.05MuskoxiteMg7Fe4O13 · 10H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m)
4.FL.05FougèriteFe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.15KuzeliteCa4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2OTrig.
4.FL.20AuroriteMn2+Mn4+3O7 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : R3
4.FL.20ChalcophaniteZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : R3
4.FL.20ErnienickeliteNiMn3O7 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : R3
4.FL.20Jianshuiite(Mg,Mn,Ca)Mn3O7 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : R3
4.FL.25WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2·yH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
4.FL.30Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2OHex.
4.FL.35BuseriteNa4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
4.FL.40Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2OTrig. 3 : P3
4.FL.40Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2OHex.
4.FL.45Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
4.FL.55CianciulliiteMn(Mg,Mn)2Zn2(OH)10 · 2-4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
4.FL.60JenseniteCu3[TeO6] · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
4.FL.65LeisingiteCu2MgTe6+O6 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : P3
4.FL.70AkdalaiteAl10O14(OH)2Hex.
4.FL.75CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
4.FL.80MouriteUMo5O12(OH)10Mon.
4.FL.85DeloryiteCu4(UO2)(MoO4)2(OH)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.4.1BromelliteBeOHex. 6mm : P63mc
7.4.2BehoiteBe(OH)2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.4.3ClinobehoiteBe(OH)2Mon. 2 : P21
7.4.4ChrysoberylBeAl2O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.4.5Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m)
7.4.6Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3SMg2BeAl6O12Trig.
7.4.7PericlaseMgOIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.4.8BruciteMg(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
7.4.9SpinelMgAl2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.4.10MeixneriteMg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.4.11LimeCaOIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
7.4.12PortlanditeCa(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
7.4.13ChlormayeniteCa12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
7.4.15MarokiteCaMn3+2O4Orth.
7.4.16Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.4.17HollanditeBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16Mon. 2/m
7.4.18Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10Mon. 2/m
7.4.19Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m

Other InformationHide

Thermal Behaviour:
Strongly pyroelectric.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for HydrocalumiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Tilley, C.E., Megaw, H.D., Hey, M.H. (1934) Hydrocalumite (4CaO.Al2O3.12H2O), a new mineral from Scawt Hill, Co. Antrim. Mineralogical Magazine: 23: 607-615.
Foshag, W.F. (1935) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 20: 314-317.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 667-668.
Taylor, H.F.W. (1973) Crystal structures of some double hydroxide minerals. Mineralogical Magazine: 39: 377-389.
Sacerdoti, M., Passaglia, E. (1988) Hydrocalumite from Latium, Italy: its crystal structure and relationship with related synthetic phases. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1988: 462-475.
Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J. (1989) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 74: 1399-1404.
Rousselot, I., Taviot-Gueho, C., Leroux, F., Leone, P., Palvadeau, P., Besse, J. (2002) Insights on the structural chemistry of hydrocalumite and hydrotalcite-like materials: investigation of the series Ca2M3+(OH)6Cl·2H2O (M3+: Al3+, Ga3+, Fe3+, and Sc3+) by x-ray powder diffraction. Journal of Solid State Chemistry: 167: 137-144.
Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Genin, J.-M.R., Kameda, T., Colombo, F. (2012) Nomenclature of the hydrotalcite supergroup: natural layered double hydroxides. Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 1289-1336.
T. Runčevski, R. E. Dinnebier, O. V. Magdysyuk and H. Pöllmann (2012): Crystal structures of calcium hemicarboaluminate and carbonated calcium hemicarboaluminate from synchrotron powder diffraction data. Acta Crystallogr. B68, 493-500.
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K.H., Blaß, G., Gröbner, J. (2014) Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien Welt: 25: 82-95.

Internet Links for HydrocalumiteHide

Localities for HydrocalumiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Südoststeiermark District
      • Klöch
Postl, W. & Bojar, H.-P. (2003)
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet mining district (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet mining district)
        • Plombières (Blieberg; Bleiberg; Bleyberg)
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995b): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Clermont-Ferrand
        • Beaumont
Grünhagen H and Mergoil J (1963) Découverte d'hydrocalumite et afwillite associées à l'ettringite dans les porcélanites de Boisséjour près Ceyrat (Puy de Dôme). Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 86: 149-157.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Haßberge District
        • Maroldsweisach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
      • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
        • Nentershausen
          • Süß
            • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Langelsheim
        • Lautenthal
No reference listed
    • Osnabrück District
      • Georgsmarienhütte
Schnorrer, G., Stahlmann, W., Mollenkamp, A. (2001): Sekundärmineralisation in den Hochofenschlacken des Hüttenwerkes in Georgsmarienhütte, heutige Georgsmarienhütte GmbH. Aufschluss 52, 99-108.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Altenkirchen District
      • Daaden-Herdorf
        • Daaden
          • Biersdorf
Peter Neschen Collection
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Mayen
Hentschel, G. (1961): Seltene Mineralneubildungen in einem Kalksteineinschluß der Lava des Ettringer Bellerberges, Fortschritte Mineralogie, Vol. 39, 345
      • Mendig
        • Bell
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
      • Vordereifel
        • Ettringen
[Jasmund, K., Hentschel, G., Seltene Mineralparagenesen in den Kalksteineinschlüssen der Lava des Ettringer Bellerberges bei Mayen (Eifel), Beitr. Minera. Petr. 10, 296-314, 1964] [Lapis, 15 (5), 9-36]
in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Galuskin, E.V., Krüger, B., Krüger, H., Blass, G., Widmer, R., Galuskina, I.O. (2016): Wernerkrauseite, CaFe3+2Mn4+O6 - the first non-stoichiometric post-spinel mineral, from Bellerberg volcano, Eifel, Germany. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 485-493
    • Vulkaneifel District
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
      • Gerolstein
        • Hohenfels-Essingen
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion slag localities
          • Sounion area
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Israel
 
  • Southern District (HaDarom District)
    • Arad
Juroszek, R.; Krüger, B.; Galuskina, I.; Krüger, H.; Tribus, M.; Kürsten, C. (2020) Raman Spectroscopy and Single-Crystal High-Temperature Investigations of Bentorite, Ca6Cr2(SO4)3(OH)12·26H2O. Minerals 10, 38.
    • Tamar Regional Council
Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Sharygin, V.V., Galuskina, I.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Vapnik, Y., Murashko, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Wirth, R. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part III: Fluormayenite, Ca12Al14O32[□4F2], and fluorkyuygenite, Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4F2], two new minerals from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, South Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 123-136
Italy
 
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Rome
        • Valleranello
Carlini, R., and Signoretti, E. (2018) Il Lazio classico: le cave di leucitite della provincia di Roma (Vallerano, Laghetto e Osa). Fossils & Minerals, 4, 24-53.
    • Viterbo Province
      • Montalto di Castro
        • Pietra Massa Locality
Passaglia, E. & Turconi, B. (1982): Silicati ed altri minerali di Montalto di Castro - VT. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1982, 97-110.
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Genoa
        • Varenna Valley
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 22 (3), 39-41.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Sassetta
        • Canina Valley
Francesco Bonotti collection
  • Veneto
    • Padova Province
      • Cervarese Santa Croce
Fabris, L., Guastoni, A. (2014) Provincia di Padova. In: Zorzi, F., Boscardin, M., (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, pages 121-141.
Japan
 
  • Oita Prefecture
    • Saiki City
Alfredo Petrov specimen
Jordan
 
  • Amman Governorate
Pitty, A. F., & Alexander, W. R. (2010). A natural analogue study of cement buffered, hyperalkaline groundwaters and their interaction with a repository host rock IV: an examination of the Khushaym Matruk (central Jordan) and Maqarin (northern Jordan) sites. NDA-RWMD Technical Report, NDA, Moors Row, UK.
    • Hashem region
      • Lisdan-Siwaga Fault
        • Siwaga
Sokol, E. V., Kokh, S. N., Khoury, H. N., Seryotkin, Y. V., & Goryainov, S. V. (2016). Long-term immobilisation of Cd 2+ at the Tulul Al Hammam natural analogue site, central Jordan. Applied Geochemistry, 70, 43-60.
Fleurance, S., Cuney, M., Malartre, F., & Reyx, J. (2013). Origin of the extreme polymetallic enrichment (Cd, Cr, Mo, Ni, U, V, Zn) of the Late Cretaceous–Early Tertiary Belqa Group, central Jordan. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 369, 201-219.
Middle East
 
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
Palestine
 
  • West Bank
    • Quds Governorate
Galuskin, E.V., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Sharygin, V.V., Galuskina, I.O., Krivovichev, S.V., Vapnik, Y., Murashko, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Wirth, R. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part III: Fluormayenite, Ca12Al14O32[□4F2], and fluorkyuygenite, Ca12Al14O32[(H2O)4F2], two new minerals from pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, South Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 123-136.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko County
      • Gmina Nowa Ruda
        • Przygórze
          • Bolesław Mine
Kruszewski, Ł., Ciesielczuk, J., Misz-Kennan, M., 2014: Mineralogy of some metacarbonate rocks from burned coal-mining dump in Przygórze (Lower Silesian Coal Basin) and its analogy to "olive" rocks from the Hatrurim Formation. Proceedings of the International Symposium CEMC 2014, Skalský Dvůr, April 23-26th, 26-27; Łukasz Kruszewski PXRD data
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Wodzisław County
      • Radlin
Łukasz Kruszewski (2012) Unique chloride assemblage of exhalative origin from burning coal-mining dump in Radlin (Rybnik Coal Area, S Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers 40
Romania
 
  • Brașov
    • Racoş Commune
Szakáll, S., Kristály, F., 2010. Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Sfântu Gheorghe-Miercurea Ciuc-Târgu Mureş. 2010.
  • Harghita
    • Odorheiu Secuiesc (Székelyudvarhely; Oderhellen)
      • Racoş (Racoşu de Jos)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Russia
 
  • Kabardino-Balkaria
    • Baksan Valley
Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122
        • Lakargi Mountain
Galuskina, I. O., Galuskin, E. V., Kusz, J., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Gazeev, V. M., ... & Dubrovinsky, L. (2013). Dzhuluite, Ca3SbSnFe3+ 3O12, a new bitikleite-group garnet from the Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(2), 231-239
Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gazeev, V.M., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Bailau, R., Gurbanov, A.G. (2011): Megawite, CaSnO3: a new perovskite-group mineral from skarns of the Upper Chegem caldera, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2563-2572.
UK (TL)
 
  • Northern Ireland
    • Ulster
      • Co. Antrim
        • Larne
Tilley, C.E., Megaw, H.D., and Hey, M.H. (1934) Hydrocalumite (4CaO.Al2O3.12H2O), a new mineral from Scawt Hill, Co. Antrim. Mineralogical Magazine: 23(146): 607-615.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 590.
USA
 
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
[micromounts@yahoogroups.com]
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2020, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: August 9, 2020 01:12:05 Page generated: July 23, 2020 06:56:52
Go to top of page