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Hydroniumjarosite

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About HydroniumjarositeHide

Formula:
(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour:
Amber-yellow to dark brown.
Lustre:
Sub-Adamantine, Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Specific Gravity:
2.9 - 3.26
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
In allusion to its composition with the dominant HYDRONIUM (H3O+) cation and its relationship to JAROSITE.
Typically ocherous, amber to dark brown granular masses or crystalline to earthy crusts.

Maybe confused with ammoniojarosite.
Identification of this mineral requires infra-red spectroscopy (IR) or Raman spectroscopy in order to confirm the dominance of hydronium ions. A combination of XRD and EDS techniques is not sufficient (Anatoly Kasatkin, pers. commun.; see: http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-208364.html).


Classification of HydroniumjarositeHide

Approved
7.BC.10

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
30.2.5.3
25.10.19

25 : Sulphates
10 : Sulphates of Fe alone

Physical Properties of HydroniumjarositeHide

Sub-Adamantine, Vitreous, Resinous
Transparency:
Translucent
Comment:
Glistening.
Colour:
Amber-yellow to dark brown.
Streak:
Pale yellow
Hardness:
4 - 4½ on Mohs scale
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Distinct on {0001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
2.9 - 3.26 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.01 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HydroniumjarositeHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.820 nε = 1.820
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Dichroic:
O = Deep yellow
E = Light yellow

Chemical Properties of HydroniumjarositeHide

Formula:
(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

Crystallography of HydroniumjarositeHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.17 Å, c = 16.6 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.315
Unit Cell V:
739.06 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Tiny crystals, usually pseudo-cubic {01-13}, or tabular {0001}. Typically granular masses, crusts or coatings; may also be fibrous, nodular, concretionary, pulverent or earthy.
Twinning:
None reported.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.93Å(20)
5.08Å(60)
3.66Å(20)
3.12Å(70)
3.08Å(100)
2.27Å(20)
1.981Å(30)
1.831Å(30)

Type Occurrence of HydroniumjarositeHide

Synonyms of HydroniumjarositeHide

Other Language Names for HydroniumjarositeHide

Relationship of Hydroniumjarosite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Beaverite-(Zn)Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
DorallchariteTlFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
HuangiteCa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
JarositeKFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
WalthieriteBa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.BC.Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe3+2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
7.BC.Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
7.BC.05D'AnsiteNa21Mg(SO4)10Cl3Iso.
7.BC.10AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10DorallchariteTlFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10HuangiteCa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10JarositeKFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10WalthieriteBa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Zn)Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.15Ye'elimiteCa4Al6(SO4)O12Iso.
7.BC.20AtlasoviteK(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3ClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
7.BC.20NabokoiteKCu7(SO4)5(Te4+O3)OClTet.
7.BC.25ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BC.30EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3OMon.
7.BC.30FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.BC.35KamchatkiteKCu3(SO4)2OClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BC.40PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)ClTet.
7.BC.45KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2Mon.
7.BC.45AlumoklyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)4O2Tric. 1 : P1
7.BC.50CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
7.BC.55WherryitePb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.BC.60MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2Mon. 2 : B2
7.BC.65LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
7.BC.65SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4Mon.
7.BC.65MunakataitePb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
7.BC.70ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6Tric. 1 : P1
7.BC.75KrivovichevitePb3Al(OH)6(SO4)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3c
7.BC.80AnhydrokainiteKMg(SO4)Cl

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.10.1SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.10.2RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.10.3SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2OTric.
25.10.4FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.10.5MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.10.6Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
25.10.7LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.10.8KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.10.9CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1c
25.10.10ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2OTrig. 3 : R3
25.10.11QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.10.12FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.10.13MetahohmanniteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.10.14HohmanniteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 8H2OTric. 1
25.10.15ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.10.16ParabutleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.10.17AmarantiteFe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2OTric. 1
25.10.18FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon.
25.10.20RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.10.21BíliniteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.10.22CopiapiteFe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Insoluble in water. Soluble in HCl.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
None.

References for HydroniumjarositeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Breithaupt (1827) Journal für Chemie und Physik, Nuremberg: 50: 314 (as Karphosiderite).
Pisani (1864) Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 58: 242.
Reinsch (1882) Proceedings of the Royal Society, London: 33: 119 (as Cyprusite).
Arzruni (1884) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 7: 126 (on Utahite).
Damour (1884) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 7: 128 (as Utahite (of Damour)).
Deby (1884) Journal of the Royal Mic. Society: [2]: 4: 1: 186.
Bøggild, O.B. (1905) Mineralogia groenlandien, 625pp.. Kjøbenhavn (Meddelelser om Grønland, XXXII): 186.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 65 (on Cyprusite).
Saxén (1921) Medd. Geol. Fören., Helsingfors: 20 (as Borgströmite).
Posnjak and Merwin (1922) Journal of the American Chemical Society: 44: 1977 (artif. mat.).
Saxén (1923) Comm. géol. Finlande, Bull.: 65: 50 (as Borgströmite).
Hendricks (1937) American Mineralogist: 22: 773 (artif. mat.).
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 566 (as Carphosiderite).
American Mineralogist (1965): 50: 1595-1607.
Mumme, W. and Scott, T. (1966): The relationships between basic ferric sulfate and plumbojarosite. Am. Mineral. 51, 443-453.
Canadian Mineralogist (1976): 14: 156.
Gaines, Richard V., H. Catherine, W. Skinner, Eugene E. Foord, Brian Mason, Abraham Rosenzweig (1997), Dana's New Mineralogy : The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana: 634.
Drouet, C. and Navrotsky, A. (2003) Synthesis, characterization, and thermochemistry of K-Na-H3O jarosites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 67: 2063-2076.
Basciano,L.C. & Peterson, R.C. (2007): The crystal structure of ammoniojarosite, (NH4)Fe3(SO4)2(OH)6 and the crystal chemistry of the ammoniojarosite–hydronium jarosite solid-solution series. Mineralogical Magazine, 71, 427-441.
Bisson, W.G. & Wills, A.S. (2008): Anisotropy-driven spin glass transition in the kagome antiferromagnet hydronium jarosite, (H3O)Fe3(SO4)2(OH)6. J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 20, 452204.
F.L. Forray, A.M.L. Smith, C. Drouet, A. Navrotsky, K. Wright, K.A. Hudson-Edwards and W.E. Dubbin (2010): Synthesis, characterization and thermochemistry of a Pb-jarosite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 74, 215-224. [in fact a Pb-bearing hydroniumjarosite]
I. E. Grey, N. V. Y. Scarlett, P. Bordet, and H. E. A. Brand (2011): Jarosite–butlerite intergrowths in non-stoichiometric jarosites: crystal chemistry of monoclinic natrojarosite–hydroniumjarosite phases. Mineral. Mag. 75, 2775-2791.
Wills, A.S. and Bisson, W.G. (2011): Elemental analysis and magnetism of hydronium jarosites—model kagome antiferromagnets and topological spin glasses. J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 23, 164206.
Spratt, H.J., Avdeev, M., Pfrunder, M.C., McMurtrie, J., Rintoul, L., Martens, W.N. (2014): Location of hydrogen atoms in hydronium jarosite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 41, 505-517.
Najorka, J., Lewis, J.M.T., Spratt, J., Sephton, M.A. (2016): Single-crystal X-ray diffraction study of synthetic sodium–hydronium jarosite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 43, 377-386.

Internet Links for HydroniumjarositeHide

Localities for HydroniumjarositeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land
      • Lützow-Holm Bay
        • East Ongul Island
Watanuki/ Torii/ Nishiyama/ Morikawa, 1979
Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Australia
 
  • Australian Capital Territory
    • Brindabella Range
      • Cotter River
McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
  • New South Wales
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Gilligan, L.B., Byrnes, J.G. (1995) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000 (SH/55-14), Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 240 pages.
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
Ron Gyllenhammer Collection, E. Schlichter label
      • Old Boolcoomata Station
SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 928
      • Outalpa siding
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Saualpe
      • Lading
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Styria
    • Mitterdorf
      • Veitsch
        • Sattlerkogel
Taucher, J. (2012): Hydroniumjarosit, Jarosit, Rozenit und Pickeringit vom Tagbau des aufgelassenen Magnesitbergbaues am Sattlerkogel, Veitsch, Steiermark. Der Steirische Mineralog 26, 59.
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Luxembourg
      • Stavelot Massif
        • Vielsalm
          • Cahai (Cahay)
BLONDIEAU M., PUCCIO S., COMPERE P., HATERT F. (2017) - Données nouvelles sur quelques espèces minérales de Vielsalm et de Salmchâteau. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, Vol. 86, p. 1 - 48
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Fort Norman
Battler, M. M., Osinski, G. R., Lim, D. S., Davila, A. F., Michel, F. A., Craig, M. A., ... & Preston, L. J. (2013). Characterization of the acidic cold seep emplaced jarositic Golden Deposit, NWT, Canada, as an analogue for jarosite deposition on Mars. Icarus, 224(2), 382-398.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Mejillones
        • Mejillones peninsula
SEM-EDS by Joy Desor Infrared Spectroscopy by Nikita V. Chukanov
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Cerritos Bayos
SEM-EDS and Wet Chemical by Joy Desor and Gerhard Möhn
  • Arica and Parinacota
    • Arica Province
      • Los Camarones
Samples analysed by Tony Kampf of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA; Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Nash, B. P., Housley, R. M., Rossman, G. R., Dini, M. and Gatta G.D. (2013): Camaronesite, [Fe3+(H2O)2(PO3OH)]2(SO4)•1–2H2O, a new phosphate-sulfate from the Camarones Valley, Chile, structurally related to taranakite. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 453-465.
Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Nash, B. P., Housley, R. M., Rossman, G. R., Dini, M. and Gatta G.D. (2013): Camaronesite, [Fe3+(H2O)2(PO3OH)]2(SO4)•1–2H2O, a new phosphate-sulfate from the Camarones Valley, Chile, structurally related to taranakite. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 453-465.
Cyprus
 
  • Paphos District (Pafos District)
    • Polis
      • Kinousa (Kynussa)
- Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 566.
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník District
Petr Paulis (2001): Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mahren und Schlesien; Kuttna, Kutná Hora p69-73
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Avannaata
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages (p.165)
    • Sermersooq
      • Nuuk (Godthåb)
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages [p.166]
Finland
 
  • North Karelia
    • Joensuu
http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM50/AM50_1595.pdf Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 566-567.
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Thur valley (Thann valley)
        • Kruth
U. Kolitsch (1997): Neufunde von Mineralien aus einigen Vorkommen der Vogesen, Frankreich: Giromagny, Auxelles-Haut und Kruth 1. Aufschluss 48 (4), 243-256.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986) Neue Minerale von der Schlackenhalde der ehemaligen Zinkhütte Genna in Letmathe/Sauerland. Aufschluss, 37 (2), 55-67.; Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Siegen
          • Eiserfeld
Henrich, M. (2008): Neues von der Grube Eisenzecher Zug. Mineralien-Welt 19 (5), 16-25.
      • Uentrop
Lapis, 14 (6), 11-32+50.
    • Cologne
      • Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis
        • Overath
          • Bensberg
            • Altenbrück
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saxony
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Freiberg
        • Himmelfahrt Mine
XRD and EDX analysis T. Witzke
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
              • Hilarion area
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
          • Chaos area
No reference listed
          • Soureza area
No reference listed
Hungary
 
  • Komárom-Esztergom County
    • Gerecse Mts
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
Iran
 
  • Kerman
    • Rafsanjan County
      • Pariz
Khorasanipour, M. (2015). Environmental mineralogy of Cu-porphyry mine tailings, a case study of semi-arid climate conditions, Sarcheshmeh mine, SE Iran. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 153, 40-52.
Ireland
 
  • Munster
    • Co. Kerry
Moreton et al. (1995) Irish J. Earth Sciences, 14, 1-5..
      • Killarney
S. MORETON, P. DAVIDSON, D. I. GREEN and G. RYBACK (1999) Unusual Supergene Minerals at Muckross Mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry. Irish Journal of Earth Sciences 17:19-24
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Rio Marina
          • Rio Mine (Rio Marina Mine)
P. Roegner - (raggi X, EDS) Ratisbona Univ. ; Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Saucillo Municipality
      • Naica
Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
  • Marrakesh-Safi
    • Marrakech Prefecture
      • Marrakech
Rachid Hakkou, Mostafa Benzaazoua and Bruno Bussière (2008): Acid Mine Drainage at the Abandoned Kettara Mine (Morocco): 1. Environmental Characterization. Mine Water and the Environment, 27, 145-159.
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
    • Swabi District
M. Qasim Jan, P.S.B. Colback & Masood Ahmad , (1985) Low-temperature Secondary Minerals from Tarbela. Geol. Bull. Univ. Peshawar, 18:189-197
Poland
 
  • Lesser Poland Voivodeship
    • Western Tatra Mts
Canadian Mineralogist (1963): 7: 751.
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko Co.
      • Nowa Ruda
        • Słupiec Mine
Ciesielczukk, J., Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Misz-Kennan, M., Kowalski, A., Mysza, B., 2014: Efflorescences and gas composition emitted from the burning coal-waste dump in Słupiec, Lower Silesian Coal Basin, Poland. Proceedings of the International Symposium CEMC 2014, Skalský Dvůr, April 23-26th, 26-27
    • Wałbrzych City Co.
Bull.acad.polonaise, geol.geogr. 8,95-99(1960)
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie Co.
      • Gmina Bardo
Nejbert, K., Siuda, R., Borzęcki, R., Matyszczak, W. (2013): Mineralogy of antimony ores mined at Dębowina in the Bardzkie Mts (Sudetes), SW Poland. Mineralogia Special Papers: 41: 68
      • Gmina Złoty Stok
Ł. Kruszewski collection
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Wodzisław Co.
      • Radlin
Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Segit, T., Kusy, D., Motyliński, R., Ciesielczuk, J., Deput, E., (2019): Carbon-nitrogen compounds, alcohols, mercaptans, monoterpenes, acetates, aldehydes, ketones, SF6, PH3, and other fire gases in coal-mining waste heaps of Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland) – a re-investigation by means of in situ FTIR external database approach. Science of The Total Environment (in press)
  • Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship
    • Nowa Słupia District
      • Rudki
Bull.Acad.polonaise, geol.geogr. 8,95-99(1960)
Romania
 
  • Bistrița-Năsăud
    • Rodna Mtn (Rodnei Mtn)
Onac, B. P., & Forti, P. (2011). State of the art and challenges in cave minerals studies. Studia UBB Geologia, 56(1), 33-42.
  • Hunedoara
    • Deva
      • Bocşa Mare
Apopei, A.I., Buzgar, N., Damian, G., Buzatu, A. (2005): The Raman study of weathering minerals from the Coranda-Hondol open pit (Certej gold-silver deposit) and their photochemical degradation products under laser irradiation. Canadian MIneralogist, 52, 1027-1038.
Andrei I. Apopei, Nicolae Buzgar, Gheorghe Damian, and Andrei Buzatu (2014) the Raman Study of Weathering Minerals from the Coranda-Hondol Open Pit (Certej Gold-silver Deposit) and Their Photochemical Degradation Products Under Laser Irradiation. Can Mineral 52:1027-1038.
Spain
 
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Ciudad Real
      • Almadén District
        • Almadenejos
Sainz de Baranda Graf, B and Menor salvan, C. (2019) The Almadén mining district, Ciudad Real, Spain. The Mineralogical Record, 50 (1), 11-60.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eden
        • Alston Moor
          • Nenthead
SEM image on Mineral Paradice Webb Site. This appears to be Hydroniumjarosite (priv com David Green);
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone Mining District
Rolf Luetcke
    • Gila Co.
      • Sierra Ancha Mts
        • Sierra Ancha Mining District
          • Board Tree Saddle area
            • Cherry Creek Canyon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 255; Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1969), Geology of uranium deposits in the Dripping Spring quartzite, Gila Co., AZ, USGS PP 595.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Mining Subdistrict
MinRec 26(5):449-469.
      • Lynn Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Atlanta Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 73 Geology and Mineral Resources of Lincoln County, Nevada
      • Bristol and Jackrabbit Mining Districts
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Bob Werner (2009) Mineral News, 25, #11, 1-5.
  • New Mexico
    • Doña Ana Co.
      • Organ Mts
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Grant Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
        • Mimbres
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Hidalgo Co.
      • Peloncillo Mts
        • San Simon District
          • Kimball
Robert E. Walstrom Collection
  • North Carolina
    • Swain Co.
      • Great Smoky Mts
Hammarstrom, Jane M. Seal II, Robert R., Meier, Allen L. and Jackson, John C. (2003) Weathering of Sulfidic Shale and Copper Mine Waste: Secondary Minerals and Metal Cycling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Tennessee, and North Carolina, USA; Environmental Geology: 45: 47.
  • Oklahoma
    • Ottawa Co.
Rocks & Min. vol. 72 (1997)
www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
  • South Dakota
    • Yankton Co.
      • Pierre shale
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic Mining District
          • Eureka
Dana 6:1092 & A3:45; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II::567; Encyclopedia of Minerals, 2nd ed: 671.
    • San Juan Co.
      • White Canyon Mining District
        • White Canyon
R&M 75:4 p240-248
    • Tooele Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District (Clifton Mining District)
Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy Volume 63, Issue 1, January 2006, Pages 1-8
Mars
 
  • Aeolis quadrangle
    • Gusev Crater
      • Columbia Hills
        • Home Plate
Johnson, J.R., Bell, J.F. III, Cloutis, E., Staid, M., Farrand, W.H., McCoy, T., Rice, M., Wang, A., Yen, A. (2007): Mineralogic constraints on sulfur-ric soils from Pancam spectra at Gusev crater, Mars. Geophysical Research Letters: 34: L13202; Farrand, W.H., Johnson, J.R., Rice, M.S., Wang, A., Bell III, J.F. (2016): VNIR Multispectral Observations of Aqueous Alteration Materials by the Pancams on the Spirit and Opportunity Mars Exploration Rovers. American Mineralogist, in press;
        • Inner Basin
Johnson, J.R., Bell, J.F. III, Cloutis, E., Staid, M., Farrand, W.H., McCoy, T., Rice, M., Wang, A., Yen, A. (2007): Mineralogic constraints on sulfur-ric soils from Pancam spectra at Gusev crater, Mars. Geophysical Research Letters: 34: L13202; Farrand, W.H., Johnson, J.R., Rice, M.S., Wang, A., Bell III, J.F. (2016): VNIR Multispectral Observations of Aqueous Alteration Materials by the Pancams on the Spirit and Opportunity Mars Exploration Rovers. American Mineralogist, in press
 
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