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Hydroxylapatite

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Formula:
Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Colour:
White, grey, yellow, green, violet, purple, red or brown
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy, Earthy
Hardness:
5
Specific Gravity:
3.10 - 3.21
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
Named hydro-apatite in 1856 by Augustin Alexis Damour from the ἀπατάω (apatao), to deceive as Apatite was often confused with other minerals (e.g. Beryl, Milarite), plus the "hydro-" prefix for the water-rich (as hydroxyl) nature of the mineral. Waldemar Schaller changed the name slightly to hydroxyl-apatite in 1912 and the one-word, hydroxylapatit, was introduced by Burri, Jakob, Parker, and Hugo Strunz in 1935. Additional names applied to this mineral include: pyroclasite, ornithite, monite, etc. Much "carbonate-apatite" is hydroxylapatite, including some dahllite, collophane, etc.
Apatite Group. The hydroxyl analogue of fluorapatite and chlorapatite. The phosphate analogue of johnbaumite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of HydroxylapatiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.BN.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
N : With only large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 0.33:1
41.8.1.3

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
8 : A5(XO4)3Zq
19.4.2

19 : Phosphates
4 : Phosphates of Ca

Pronounciation of HydroxylapatiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of HydroxylapatiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy, Earthy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
White, grey, yellow, green, violet, purple, red or brown
Comment:
Ideally white; other colors usually due to staining
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
Poor on {0001) and on {1010}
Fracture:
Conchoidal, Sub-Conchoidal, Fibrous
Density:
3.10 - 3.21 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.16 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Density may be lower when earthy in texture.

Optical Data of HydroxylapatiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.651 nε = 1.644
Birefringence:
0.007
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.007
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Optical Extinction:
Parallel
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of HydroxylapatiteHide

Formula:
Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
IMA Formula:
Ca5(PO4)3OH

Crystallography of HydroxylapatiteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P63/m
Setting:
P63/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.41 Å, c = 6.88 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.731
Unit Cell V:
527.59 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals short to long hexagonal prisms [0001], with {1010} and {1011} dominant; also thick tabular {0001}, frequently in the crystals of hydrothermal origin in pegmatites and veins, with {1010}, relatively large {0001}, and often also {1011} or low pyramids. Very sharp crystals are uncommon and terminations are frequently rounded. Massive, coarse granular to compact.
Twinning:
Rare contact twins on {1121}. Twin plane {10_13} rare. Also twinning reported on {1010} and {11_23}.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.814 (100)
2.778 (60)
2.720 (60)
3.44 (40)
1.841 (40)
1.943 (30)
2.631 (25)
Comments:
synthetic (ICDD 9-432)

Synonyms of HydroxylapatiteHide

Other Language Names for HydroxylapatiteHide

Varieties of HydroxylapatiteHide

Alkali-oxyapatiteNa-bearing variety of Hydroxyapatite.
Carbonate-fluorhydroxyapatiteCarbonate- and F-bearing variety. F/OH ratio probably undetermined.
Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteApatite Group .

A
hydroxylapatite with carbonate group (CO3) substituting for some of the phosphate (PO4) group.

Originally reported from Ødegården Mine (Ødegaarden Mine), Ødegården field, Bamble, Telemark, Norway.

An important biomaterial:...
Manganese-bearing Apatite-(CaOH)A variety of Hydroxylapatite containing Mn2+ substituting for Ca up to at least Mn:Ca = 1:7.7.
Ornithite'Dahllite' pseudomorphs after brushite. From guano.

Relationship of Hydroxylapatite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
HydroxylpyromorphitePb5(PO4)3(OH)
JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
MimetitePb5(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
OxypyromorphitePb10(PO4)6O
PieczkaiteMn5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
SvabiteCa5(AsO4)3FHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
TurneaureiteCa5(AsO4)3ClHex.
Unnamed (F-analogue of Pyromorphite)Pb5(PO4)3F
Unnamed (OH-analogue of Mimetite)Pb5(AsO4)3(OH)
VanadinitePb5(VO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
QuartzSiO2
SideriteFeCO3
Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Microcline59 photos of Hydroxylapatite associated with Microcline on mindat.org.
Hemimorphite19 photos of Hydroxylapatite associated with Hemimorphite on mindat.org.
Tarbuttite19 photos of Hydroxylapatite associated with Tarbuttite on mindat.org.
Quartz15 photos of Hydroxylapatite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Hornblende14 photos of Hydroxylapatite associated with Hornblende on mindat.org.
Albite13 photos of Hydroxylapatite associated with Albite on mindat.org.
Nepheline9 photos of Hydroxylapatite associated with Nepheline on mindat.org.
Titanite8 photos of Hydroxylapatite associated with Titanite on mindat.org.
Melilite8 photos of Hydroxylapatite associated with Melilite on mindat.org.
Clinochlore6 photos of Hydroxylapatite associated with Clinochlore on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BN.05AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)Hex.
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)Hex.
8.BN.05ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Mimetite-MPb5(AsO4)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BN.05Johnbaumite-MCa5(AsO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BN.05FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.BN.05JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05MimetitePb5(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05MorelanditeCa2Ba3(AsO4)3Cl
8.BN.05PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05SvabiteCa5(AsO4)3FHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.BN.05TurneaureiteCa5(AsO4)3ClHex.
8.BN.05VanadinitePb5(VO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Belovite-(La)NaLaSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Deloneite(Na0.5REE0.25Ca0.25)(Ca0.75REE0.25)Sr1.5(CaNa0.25REE0.25)(PO4)3F0.5(OH)0.5Trig.
8.BN.05FluorcaphiteSrCaCa3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Kuannersuite-(Ce)NaCeBa3(PO4)3F0.5Cl0.5Trig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Hydroxylapatite-MCa5(PO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BN.05PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05FluorphosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Carlgieseckeite-(Nd)NaNdCa3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Miyahisaite(Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F Hex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.10ArctiteNa2Ca4(PO4)3FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

41.8.1.1FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
41.8.1.2ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
41.8.1.4Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)Hex.
41.8.1.4StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
41.8.1.6Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
41.8.1.7FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.4.1MonetiteCa(HPO4)Tric. 1
19.4.3BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.4.4IsoclasiteCa2(PO4)(OH) · 2H2OMon.
19.4.5BuchwalditeNaCa(PO4)Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
19.4.6CanaphiteNa2Ca(P2O7) · 4H2OMon.
19.4.7Mundrabillaite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2OMon. m : Pm
19.4.8WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
19.4.9BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.4.10Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2OHex.

Fluorescence of HydroxylapatiteHide

Not usually fluorescent.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in HCl or in HNO3. Varieties containing CO3 may dissolve with slight effervescence.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Ore of phosphorus.

References for HydroxylapatiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Shepard (1856) American Journal of Science: 22: 96 (as Pyroclasite).
Shepard (1882) American Journal of Science: 23: 400 (as Monite).
Schaller (1912) USGS Bull. 509: 89 (as Hydroxyapatite).
Bianchi (1919) Atti soc. ital. soc. Nat.: 458: 306.
Burri, Jakob, Parker, and Strunz (1935) Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Frauenfeld: 15: 327 (as Hydroxylapatit).
Gruner and McConnell (1937) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 97: 208.
McConnell and Gruner (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 157.
Mitchell, Faust, Hendricks, and Reynolds (1943) American Mineralogist: 28: 356.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 879-889.
Mengeot, M., Bartram, R.H., and Gilliam, O.R. (1975) Paramagnetic hole-like defect in irradiated calcium hydroxyapatite single crystals. Phys. Rev.: B11: 4110-4124.
American Mineralogist (1989): 74: 87.
Orlovskii, V. P.; Ezhova, Zh. A.; Rodicheva, G. V.; Sukhanova, G. E.; Plesskaya, N. A. (1990): Structure conversion of hydroxyapatite at 100-​1600°C. Zhurnal Neorganicheskoi Khimii 35(5), 1337-1339 (in Russian).
Nature: 204: 1050-1052.
Elliott, J. C. (1994): Structure and chemistry of the apatites and other calcium orthophosphates. Elservier, Amsterdam, 389 pp.
Fleet, M.E., Liu, X., and Pan, Y. (2000) Site preference of rare earth elements in hydroxyapatite [Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2]. Journal of Solid State Chemistry: 149: 391-398.
Young J. Lee, Peter W. Stephens, Yuanzhi Tang, Wei Li, Brian L. Phillips, John B. Parise, and Richard J. Reeder (2009): Arsenate substitution in hydroxylapatite: Structural characterization of the Ca5(PxAs1–xO4)3OH solid solution. American Mineralogist 94, 666-675.
Hassen Agougui, Thouraya Turki, Hassen Bachouâ, Abdallah Aissa, Mongi Debbabi (2012): Synthesis, characterization and structural refinement of mixed hydroxyapatites Ca(10-x)Mx(PO4)6(OH)2 (M = Co, Ni or Zn). Annales de Chimie - Science des Matériaux 37, 149-169.
J. D. Pasteris, C. H. Yoder, M. P. Sternlieb, S. Liu (2012): Effect of carbonate incorporation on the hydroxyl content of hydroxylapatite. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 2741-2759.

Internet Links for HydroxylapatiteHide

Localities for HydroxylapatiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Anguilla
 
American Mineralogist (1943) 28:215-232
Antarctica
 
  • Western Antarctica
Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Argentina
 
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry´s collection
    • Villa Gesell
      • Villa Gesell
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry´s collection.
  • Mendoza
Pagano, D.S., Galliski, M.Á., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., Colombo, F. (2016): Petrology and mineralogy of the La Peña igneous complex, Mendoza, Argentina: An alkaline occurrence in the Miocene magmatism of the Southern Central Andes. Journal of South American Earth Sciences: 67 (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12553 (2016)
  • San Luis
    • Chacabuco department
      • Sierra de la Estranzuela
Galliski, M. Á., Černý, P., Márquez-Zavalía, M. F., & Chapman, R. (2012). An association of secondary Al–Li–Be–Ca–Sr phosphates in the San Elías pegmatite, San Luis, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(4), 933-942.
Galliski, M. Á., Černý, P., Márquez-Zavalía, M. F., & Chapman, R. (2012). An association of secondary Al–Li–Be–Ca–Sr phosphates in the San Elías pegmatite, San Luis, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(4), 933-942.
    • Coronel Pringles Department
      • Totoral pegmatitic field
        • La Florida
OYARZABAL, J. and GALLISKI, M.A.. Hureaulite, Mn+25(H2O)4[PO3(OH)]2[PO4]2, from different deposits of the Totoral pegmatitic field, San Luis. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 210-216.
OYARZABAL, J. and GALLISKI, M.A.. Hureaulite, Mn+25(H2O)4[PO3(OH)]2[PO4]2, from different deposits of the Totoral pegmatitic field, San Luis. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 210-216.
Linares, E. y Toubes, R.O., 1960. Los minerales radiaoctivos de la República Argentina. 1ras Jornadas Geológicas Argentinas, 3:191-205.; Hugo A. Peña (1970): Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Secretaría de Estado de Comercio, Industria y Minería. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán. República Argentina.
    • Trancas Department
Linares, E. y Toubes, R.O., 1960. Los minerales radiaoctivos de la República Argentina. 1ras Jornadas Geológicas Argentinas, 3:191-205.
Australia
 
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Trueman, N. A. (1966). Substitutions for phosphate ions in apatite. Nature, 210, 937-938.
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Frisia, S., Borsato, A., Drysdale, R. N., Paul, B., Greig, A., & Cotte, M. (2012). A re-evaluation of the palaeoclimatic significance of phosphorus variability in speleothems revealed by high-resolution synchrotron micro XRF mapping. Climate of the Past, 8(6), 2039-2051.
  • New South Wales
    • Buckland Co.
England, B.M. (2002) Zeolites and associated minerals from the Krui Valley, Merriwa, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 8, 61-71.
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Goonumbla
Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2001): Records of the Australian Museum 53, 49-56.
    • Westmoreland Co.
      • Oberon
Podgson RE, Osborne RAL, Colchester DM, Minerals of Jenolan Caves, New South Wales, Australia: Geological and Biological Interactions, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 134, 1-18.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
Crane, M. M., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2001): Formation of chrysocolla and secondary copper phosphates in the highly weathered supergene zones of some Australian deposits. Records of the Australian Museum, 53, 49-56.
      • Phosphate Hill
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Barossa Valley
          • Angaston
Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Penrice quarry and the phosphate deposits Klemms and St Kitts, Angaston, South Australia. (self published).
        • Kapunda
Frost, R.L., S.J. Mills, and K.L. Erickson, (2004), Thermal decomposition of peisleyite: a thermogravimetry and hot stage Raman spectroscopic study. Thermochimica Acta, 419(1-2): p. 109-114.
        • Robertstown
Francis, G.L., Peisley, V., 2012. Minerals from Fairview and St John's phosphate deposits, South Australia. (self published).
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Mount Barker
          • Nairne
Graham, J. (1978) Manganochromite, palladium antimonide, and some unusual mineral associations at the Nairne pyrite deposit, South Australia. American Mineralogist, Vol. 63, pp. 1166-1174.
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Lottermoser B. G. (1995). Neues.Jb. Miner. Mh.1995, 8, 371-384
  • Tasmania
    • Central Highlands municipality
      • Liawenee
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Dorset municipality
      • Waterhouse district
Everard, J.L., Sutherland, F.L. and Zwingmann, H., 2004a. A Cretaceous phonolite dyke from the Tomahawk River, Northeast Tasmania. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 138, 11-33.
    • Flinders municipality
      • Bass Strait
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] http://www.crocoite.com/locationbulletins/part1/zeolites.pdf
  • Victoria
    • Bass Coast Shire
      • Phillip Island
        • Kitty Miller Bay
    • Mornington Peninsula Shire
  • Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
      • Cocklebiddy Roadhouse
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Guano Minerals from Murra-el-Elevyn Cave Western Australia; P.J. Bridge; Govt Chem Laboratories WA; Mineralogical Magazine Dec 1973, vol 39, pp 467-469
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Milgun Station
Mineralogical Magazine 39,577-579(1974);
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Neusiedl am See
      • Seewinkel
A.Csaplovics (2014)
A.Csaplovics (2014)
A.Csaplovics (2014)
    • Oberwart
      • Badersdorf
Götzinger, M. A. & Huber, P. (2009)
  • Carinthia
    • Koralpe
      • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
        • Brandrücken
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] W. Postl, F. Brandstätter, G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 180./100.:248-251 (1990)
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Bad Deutsch-Altenburg
        • Pfaffenberg hill
Niedermayr, Gerhard & Seemann, Robert (1974): Vorläufiger Bericht über sedimentpetrographische Untersuchungen an Höhlensedimenten des Karstgebietes Pfaffenberg bei Bad Deutsch-Altenburg (Niederösterreich). - Die Höhle, 25, 3-11, Wien.
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Krieglach
        • Freßnitzgraben
          • Alpl
  • Vorarlberg
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Bahamas
 
  • San Salvador District
    • San Salvador Island
Onac B.P., Mylroie J.E., White W.B. (2001): Mineralogy of cave deposits on San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Carbonates and Evaporites, 16, 1, 8-16.; Onac B.P., Sumrall J., Mylroie J.E., Kearns J. (2009): Cave minerals of San Salvador Island, Bahamas. The University of South Florida karst studies series, 1, 70 pp.
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Cerro Huañaquino
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Alfredo Petrov (1997) Mineral News, 13, #4.
http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,11,285769,285797
  • Santa Cruz Department
    • Velasco Province
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167-168.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
      • Ferruginha
fabreminerals; Mineralogical Record (2009) 40:273-292
Baijot, M., Hatert, F., Dal Rio, F. & Philipo, S. (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of phosphate mineral association from the Jocão pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 373-397.
    • Divino das Laranjeiras
      • Linópolis
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-2865 (Id: based on dealer label + visual]
    • Iron Quadrangle
      • Ouro Preto
        • Main district
    • Tapira
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Pernambuco
    • São Pedro e São Paulo archipelago
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Washington, H.S. (1929) The American Mineralogist, 14, 369-372.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Greenwood Mining Division
      • Grand Forks
Richard Gunter Collection
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Francois Lake
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] http://www.connectionsmagazine.bc.ca/Past_Issue/spring%2002/geological.html
  • Northwest Territories
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., & Mitchell, R. H. (2002). Strontium-apatite: New occurrences, and the extent of Sr-for-Ca substitution in apatite-group minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(1), 121-136.
    • Tungsten
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 139-160 (2003)
  • Nova Scotia
    • Digby Co.
Chatterjee, A.K. & G.. Muecke (1982), Geol. Sur. Canada Paper 81-23: 11-17.
  • Québec
    • Estrie
      • Les Sources RCM
        • Asbestos
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Normand (2001) Experimental and field investigation of serpentinization and rodingitization. unpublished Ph.D. thesis McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
  • Yukon
    • Dawson Mining District
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017, Douglas Wilson sample
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Nanping Prefecture
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field (Xikeng pegmatite field)
Can Rao, Rucheng Wang, Huan Hu, and Wenlan Zhan (2009): Complex internal textures in oxide minerals from the Nanping No. 31 dyke of granitic pegmatite, Fujian Province, southeastern China. Canadian Mineralogist 47(5), 1195-1212.; Rao, C., Wang, R. C., Hatert, F., & Baijot, M. (2014). Hydrothermal transformations of triphylite from the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite dyke, southeastern China. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 179-188.
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
Xunyi Wang (1982): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 2(2), 154-156
  • Hebei Province
    • Xingtai Prefecture
      • Xingtai Co.
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Zhengmin Cao and Weijiong Zhu (1993): Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis 29(4)
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Hantai District
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Hein, J.R., Fan, D., Ye, J., Liu, T., and Yeh, H.-W. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 95-134.
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Mianning Co.
Ge X., Fan G., Li G., Shen G., Chen Z., Ai Y. (2017): Mianningite, (□,Pb,Ce,Na)(U4+,Mn,U6+)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38, a new member of the crichtonite group from Maoniuping REE deposit, Mianning county, northwest Sichuan, China. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29: 331-338.
Cuba
 
  • Holguín Province
Urbani, F. Boletín Informativo De La Comisión De Geoespeleología (Federación Espeleológica de América Latina y el Caribe-FEALC-) No. 12, Septiembre 1999.
Curaçao
 
Gunnar Farber; Ten Have, T., Heijnen, W., & Nickel, E. (1982). Alterations in guano phosphates and mio-pliocene carbonates of table mountain Santa Barbara, Curacao. Sedimentary Geology, 31(2), 141-165.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Trutnov (Trautenau)
        • Radvanice
Jirásek, J.: Thermal Changes of the Rocks in the Dump Pile of the Kateřina Colliery in Radvanice (Eastern Bohemia). Ostrava: VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, Institute of Geological Engineering - 541, 2001. 69 p.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Lázně Kynžvart (Bad Königswart)
Černý, P., Veselovský, F.: Pegmatit Bílý kámen (Weisser Stein) u Kynžvartu. Minerál, 2000, roč. 8, č. 1, s. 10-16.
      • Mariánské Lázně (Marienbad)
Ulrych, J., Pivec, E., Bouše, P.: Minerální parageneze ijolitových vyloučenin v olivinickém nefelinitu Podhorního vrchu u Mariánských Lázní. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 51-56.
    • Plzeň Region
      • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
        • Otov
Masau, M., Staněk, J., Černý, P., Chapman, R. (2000). Metasomatic wolfeite and associated phosphates from the Otov I granitic pegmatite, western Bohemia. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 159-173.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
        • Horní Hoštice
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Pauliš, P., Novák, F., Ševců, J.: Sekundární minerály z uranového ložiska Jelení vrch u Horních Hoštic v Rychlebských horách. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 2004, roč. 89, s. 121 - 138.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Sud-Kivu
    • Mwenga
Mills, S. J., Birch, W. D., Kampf, A. R. & van Wambeke, L. (2010) Kobokoboite, Al6(PO4)4(OH)6•11H2O, a new mineral from the Kobokobo pegmatite, Democratic Republic of the Congo. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2)
Egypt
 
  • New Valley Governorate
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Ethiopia
 
  • Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples' Region
    • Lower Omo Valley
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 169-171.
Finland
 
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Tammela
Ilkka Mikkola collection, Pavel Kartashov identification.
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Kuortane
Ilkka Mikkola collection
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Ilkka Mikkola collection
    • Seinäjoki
Ilkka Mikkola collection. Pavel Kartashov identification.
    • Valkeakoski
Jyrki Autio collection. Pavel M. Kartashov SEM-EDS 2015
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] G. Aubert : "Les coupoles granitiques de Montebras et d'Echassières (Massif Central Français) et la genèse de leur minéralisations (BRGM, 1969)
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] G. Aubert : "Les coupoles granitiques de Montebras et d'Echassières (Massif Central Français) et la genèse de leur minéralisations (BRGM, 1969)
    • Drôme
      • Clansayes
        • L'Eause
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Ref.: G. Demarcq, 1973, "Guides Géologiques Régionaux : Lyonnais, Vallée du Rhône" , p. 124, Masson.
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] G. Demarcq, 1973, "Guides Géologiques Régionaux : Lyonnais, Vallée du Rhône" , p. 124, Masson.
    • Haute-Loire
      • Le Puy-en-Velay
        • Espaly-Saint-Marcel
collected Charles Nicolas
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Landrévarzec
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 185.
  • Centre-Val de Loire
    • Loiret
      • Gien
collected by François Périnet
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Corrèze
      • Davignac
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] M.Deliens, C.Lheur, W.Peraud & D.Virlogeux (2004)- Les minéraux d'uranium du Boucheron, près de Davignac (Corrèze)- Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°84, pp 3-25.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Ax-les-Thermes
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 522.
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
Berbain,C., Riley, T., Favreau, G., (2012): Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs. 117, 121-172
        • Argelès-sur-Mer
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012). Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association française de Microminéralogie,
        • Collioure (Cotlliure)
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
      • Tautavel
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Quattropani, L., Charlet, L., Lumley, H. D., & Menu, M. (1999). Early Palaeolithic bone diagenesis in the Arago cave at Tautavel, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(6), 801-801.
    • Tarn-et-Garonne
      • Orgueil
Gounelle, M. & Zolensky, M. E. (2014) The Orgueil Meteorite: 150 years of history. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(10): 1769-1794. (Oct 2014)
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Kandern
Brill, A. R. (2011): Die Malsburger Granitsteinbrüche bei Kandern im südwestlichen Schwarzwald. Lapis 36 (7-8), 43-51; 70.
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Sparneck
          • Reinersreuth
            • Großer Waldstein
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Weißenstadt
          • Kirchenlamitz
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
          • Rudolfstein
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Spessart
        • Waldaschaff
Lorenz, J., Schmitt, R., Hahn, W. (2007): Rhabdophan und Cuprobismutit von der Barytgrube "Pauline" in Waldaschaff im Spessart, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 41-54
  • Hesse
    • Fulda
      • Neuhof
        • Giesel
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Krah, O., (1988): Beobachtungen beim Durchbruch eines Basaltganges durch das Kalilager vom Werk Neuhof-Ellers, Der Aufschluss Vol. 39 (2), 103-113
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
          • Borstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
          • Hohenstein
Lapis, 12 (10), 23-32+58.
    • Wetzlar
      • Waldgirmes
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Wiesbaden
      • Naurod
        • Erbsenacker
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Hessen/Wiesbaden/Naurod/Erbsenacker
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
Schnorrer, G., (1993): Mineralogische Notitzen VI, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 44-58
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Arnsberg
        • Hüsten
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Siegerland
      • Niederschelden
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Hillesheim
        • Walsdorf
Hohn, G., Leu, K. (2015): Mineralien vom Goßberg bei Walsdorf, Eifel.- Lapis, 40 (Nr. 11), S. 30-36 + 54.
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
in the collection of Christof Schäfer
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
Schäfer, Ch. (2016): Einige bemerkenswerte Funde vom Bellerberg-Vulkan bei Mayen, Der Aufschluß, Vol. 67 (1) , pp. 5-15
    • Westerwald
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Rheinbreitbach
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Schneeberg District
        • Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Elmshorn
      • Barmstedt
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Harz
      • Nordhausen
        • Ilfeld
J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch and J. Wesiger (2011): New finds of vanadate and rare-earth minerals from the manganese mine Ilfeld, Harz. Mineralien-Welt 22 (1), 41-49. (in German)
Greece
 
  • Macedonia Department
    • Chalkidiki Prefecture
      • Cassandra Mines
Economou-Eliopoulos, M., & Eliopoulos, D. G. (2005). Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of the Skouries porphyry-Cu-Au-Pd-Pt deposit (Greece): Evidence for the precious metal. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 935-938). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Thessalia Department (Thessaly)
    • Larissa
M.G. Stamatakis, N.K. Koukouzas (2001) The occurrence of phosphate minerals in lacustrine clayey diatomite deposits, Thessaly, Central Greece. Sedimentary Geology 139:33-47.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.180)
  • Qeqqata
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord (Søndre Strømfjord)
      • Kangerlussuaq complex
MinRec 16:485-494
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Szalonnai Mts
      • Bódvarákó
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Top. Min. Hun.: Minerals of Esztramos
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Bakony Mts
      • Úrkút
        • Csárda Hill
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995; Polgári, M., Hein, J. R., Németh, T., Pál-Molnár, E., & Vigh, T. (2013). Celadonite and smectite formation in the Úrkút Mn-carbonate ore deposit (Hungary). Sedimentary Geology, 294, 157-163.
Indonesia
 
  • Java (Jawa)
    • Kebumen
      • Karang Bolong Mts
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Gunnar Farber
Iran
 
  • West Azarbaijan Province (West Azerbaijan Province)
    • Takab (Takan Tepe)
Asadi, H.H., Voncken, J.H.L, Kühnel, R.A., and Hale, M. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 656-671.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Courmayeur
      • Monte Bianco Massif (Mont Blanc Massif)
        • Ferret Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): MInerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Veny Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Nus
      • Saint-Barthélemy
• Barresi, A.A., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P., Bracco, R., Bonacina, E. (2005): La miniera di manganese di Varenche (Aosta, Italia nord-occidentale): ardennite, arseniopleite, manganberzeliite, pirofanite, sarkinite, thortveitite, nuovo As-Sc-analogo della metavariscite e altre specie. Micro (località), 2/2005, 81-122.
  • Apulia
    • Bari Province
      • Acquaviva delle Fonti
Dell'Anna, L., Fiore, S., Laviano, R. (1989): I fosfati di cavità carsiche pugliesi: giaciture, natura e genesi. Atti del XV Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia. Castellana Grotte 10-13 settembre 1987. Comune di Castellana Grotte e Gruppo Puglia Grotte, Castellana Grotte, 171-187.
      • Altamura
Dell'Anna, L., Fiore, S., Laviano, R. (1989): I fosfati di cavità carsiche pugliesi: giaciture, natura e genesi. Atti del XV Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia. Castellana Grotte 10-13 settembre 1987. Comune di Castellana Grotte e Gruppo Puglia Grotte, Castellana Grotte, 171-187.
      • Castellana Grotte
Balenzano, F., Dell'Ann,a L. & Di Pierro, M. (1974a): Ricerche mineralogiche su alcuni fosfati rinvenuti nelle Grotte di Castellana (Bari): strengite alluminifera, vivianite, taranakite, brushite e idrossiapatite. Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 30(2), 543-573.
      • Polignano a Mare
Dell'Anna, L., Fiore, S., Laviano, R. (1989): I fosfati di cavità carsiche pugliesi: giaciture, natura e genesi. Atti del XV Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia. Castellana Grotte 10-13 settembre 1987. Comune di Castellana Grotte e Gruppo Puglia Grotte, Castellana Grotte, 171-187.
    • Brindisi Province
      • Fasano
Dell'Anna, L., Fiore, S., Laviano, R. (1989): I fosfati di cavità carsiche pugliesi: giaciture, natura e genesi. Atti del XV Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia. Castellana Grotte 10-13 settembre 1987. Comune di Castellana Grotte e Gruppo Puglia Grotte, Castellana Grotte, 171-187.
    • Taranto Province
      • Martina Franca
Dell'Anna, L., Fiore, S., Laviano, R. (1989): I fosfati di cavità carsiche pugliesi: giaciture, natura e genesi. Atti del XV Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia. Castellana Grotte 10-13 settembre 1987. Comune di Castellana Grotte e Gruppo Puglia Grotte, Castellana Grotte, 171-187.
Dell'Anna, L., Fiore, S., Laviano, R. (1989): I fosfati di cavità carsiche pugliesi: giaciture, natura e genesi. Atti del XV Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia. Castellana Grotte 10-13 settembre 1987. Comune di Castellana Grotte e Gruppo Puglia Grotte, Castellana Grotte, 171-187.
Dell'Anna, L., Fiore, S., Laviano, R. (1989): I fosfati di cavità carsiche pugliesi: giaciture, natura e genesi. Atti del XV Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia. Castellana Grotte 10-13 settembre 1987. Comune di Castellana Grotte e Gruppo Puglia Grotte, Castellana Grotte, 171-187.
Dell'Anna, L., Fiore, S., Laviano, R. (1989): I fosfati di cavità carsiche pugliesi: giaciture, natura e genesi. Atti del XV Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia. Castellana Grotte 10-13 settembre 1987. Comune di Castellana Grotte e Gruppo Puglia Grotte, Castellana Grotte, 171-187.
  • Basilicata
    • Potenza Province
Stoppa, F., and Liu, Y. (1995): European Journal of Mineralogy 7(2), 391-402
  • Calabria
    • Cosenza Province
      • Sant'Agata di Esaro
Garavelli A., Larocca F., Levato C., Pinto D. (2012): Prehistoric mines of the Upper Esaro Valley (Calabria, Italy). In: Anreiter P. et al. (eds.) (2012), The Impact of Historic and Prehistoric Mining Activities on the Environment and Societies in Europe. 2nd Mining in European History Conference. Special Conference of the FZ HiMAT, Innsbruck, 7.–10. November 2012. Conference Guide. Innsbruck University Press, Posters, Section I-IV, 93.
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
        • Monte Somma
          • Sant'Anastasia
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Gorizia Province
      • Sagrado
        • San Martino del Carso
Cancian, G. (1984): I fosfati della "Grotta ad Est di San Martino del Carso" (Gorizia): brushite, idrossiapatite, francoanellite, taranakite. Atti III Covegno Triveneto di Speleologia, 17-18 nov. 1984, Vicenza, 1-8.
  • Latium
    • Viterbo Province
      • Vico Lake
        • Vetralla
Pierini, G. (2004): Homilite in un proietto vulcanico a Tre Croci di Vetralla (VT). Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 2004, 5-12
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Urbe
        • Vara
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
        • Piona Peninsula
Banti, M., Banti, R., Sorlini, A. & Tonali, F. (2011). Il filone della Malpensata a Piona (LC). Un classico tra storia e novità. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2011, 10-28; Vignola P., Fransolet A.-M., Guastoni A., Appiani R. (2011): Le pegmatiti di Piona. Recenti studi sui filoni Malpensata, Luna e Sommafiume. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 1, 30-38.
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Gesso Valley
        • Valdieri
          • Terme di Valdieri
            • Valscura Lake
Pratesi, G., Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2003): Classification of a new chondrite from Lago di Valscura, Italy. 66th Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, Abstract #5193
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Chiusella Valley
          • Traversella
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Ala Valley
          • Ala di Stura
Maletto, G., Piccoli G.C. (2014): Minerali in Val d’Ala. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 224 pp. + 1 folded map.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Antigorio Valley
          • Crodo
Rivista Mineral. Italiana - Milano anno 2012 n. 4 pgg. 212-224
          • Devero Valley
            • Baceno
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 886.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 886.
        • Beura-Cardezza
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Vigezzo Valley
          • Craveggia
            • Rio Vasca
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
          • Druogno
            • Orcesco
Matteo Chineletto
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Sarroch
- Orlandi, P., Gelosa, M., Bonacina, E., Caboni, F., Mamberti, M., Tanca, G., A. et Vinci, A. (2013) : Sardignaite, gelosaite et tancaite-(Ce) : trois nouveaux minéraux de Su Seinargiu, Sarroch, Sardaigne, Italie. Le Règne Minéral, 112, 39-52.; Orlandi P., Gelosa M., Bonacina E., Caboni F., Mamberti M., Tanca G.A., Vinci A. (2015): Sette nuove specie mineralogiche della Sardegna. I minerali della mineralizzazione a molibdeno e bismuto di Su Seinargiu (CA). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 39, 2, 84-115.
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Carbonia
        • Barbusi
Sauro, F., De Waele, J., Onac, B. P., Galli, E., Dublyansky, Y., Baldoni, E., & Sanna, L. (2014). Hypogenic speleogenesis in quartzite: the case of Corona'e Sa Craba Cave (SW Sardinia, Italy). Geomorphology, 211, 77-88.
  • Sicily
    • Agrigento Province (Girgenti Province)
      • San Giovanni Gemini
Vattano M., Audra P., Benvenuto F., Bigot J.-Y., De Waele J., Galli E., Madonia G., Nobécourt J.-C. (2013): Hypogenic Caves of Sicily (Southern Italy). 16th International Congress of Speleology, Czech Republic, Brno, July 21-28, 2013. Proceedings, Vol. 3, 144-149.
    • Trapani Province
      • Castellammare del Golfo
Vattano M., Audra P., Benvenuto F., Bigot J.-Y., De Waele J., Galli E., Madonia G., Nobécourt J.-C. (2013): Hypogenic Caves of Sicily (Southern Italy). 16th International Congress of Speleology, Czech Republic, Brno, July 21-28, 2013. Proceedings, Vol. 3, 144-149.
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Messana E. (1994): Il sistema carsico del gruppo montuoso di Monte Inici (Castellammare del Golfo, TP). Boll. Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat., 27, 348, 547–562.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Canal San Bovo
        • Vanoi Valley
          • Pralongo
Ferretti, P., Gualtieri, A., Rocchetti, I., Vecchi, F. (2015): Cava Pralongo. Nuove segnalazioni dalle pegmatiti della Valle del Vanoi (Canal San Bovo, Trento): Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 49, 3 (3-2015), 164-185.
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
  • Tuscany
    • Florence Province
      • Impruneta
Batacchi, C., Capperi, M., Cosci, C., Bittarello, E., Ciriotti, M.E., Prosperi, B., Borselli, G., Fassina, B., Ceccantini, L. (2015): Secondo ritrovamento mondiale di hylbrownite e altre nuove identificazioni nelle serpentiniti di Impruneta, Toscana. Micro, 1/2015, 40-51
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
          • Botro ai Marmi
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Gini, C., Bargellini, C., Gamucci, C., Marinai, V., Nannoni, R. (2013): Botro ai Marmi. I minerali delle miniere Maffei e Montorsi. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 63-83.
  • Umbria
    • Terni Province
F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Montecchio Maggiore
        • San Pietro
"Minerali del Vicentino - La natrolite" M. Boscardin, S. Pegoraro. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana n. 1 / 2000 pp. 4-11
Boscardin, M., Daleffe, A., Rocchetti, I., Zordan, A. (2011): Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni. Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 183 pp.
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Okinawa Prefecture
        • Daito Islands
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Jordan
 
  • Amman
Pitty, A. F., & Alexander, W. R. (2010). A natural analogue study of cement buffered, hyperalkaline groundwaters and their interaction with a repository host rock IV: an examination of the Khushaym Matruk (central Jordan) and Maqarin (northern Jordan) sites. NDA-RWMD Technical Report, NDA, Moors Row, UK.
  • Irbid
    • Maqarin area
Khoury, H. N., Salameh, E., & Abdul-Jaber, Q. (1985). Characteristics of an unusual highly alkaline water from the Maqarin area, northern Jordan. Journal of Hydrology, 81(1), 79-91.
Kenya
 
  • Nyanza Province
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Malta
 
  • Malta Island
    • Marfa Ridge
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] John, C. M., Mutti, M., & Adatte, T. (2003). Mixed carbonate-siliciclastic record on the North African margin (Malta)—coupling of weathering processes and mid Miocene climate. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 115(2), 217-229.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aldama
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Cross, B. & Culp Zeitner J. (2006), Geodes Natures Treasures, P.23
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Durango
      • Cerro de los Remedios
        • Victoria de Durango
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] No reference listed
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
Don Belsher collection photos on mineralatlas.com
  • Nuevo Leon
    • Sierra Madre Oriental
Chadefaux, C., Vignaud, C., Chalmin, E., Robles-Camacho, J., Arroyo-Cabrales, J., Johnson, E., Reiche, I. (2009): Color origin and heat evidence of paleontological bones: Case study of blue and gray bones from San Josecito Cave, Mexico. European Journal of Mineralogy: 94(1): 27-33
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
P.M. Kartashov analytical data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Ömnögovi Aimag
    • Shara Hulasa Hiid
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 42, No. 5, p. 335; Sanematsu, K., Kon, Y., Hirano, H., & Watanabe, Y. (2010, November). Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Mushgai Khudag REE Deposit, Mongolia. In 2010 GSA Denver Annual Meeting.
Morocco
 
  • Marrakech-Safi Region
    • Rehamna Province
      • Jebilet Mtn (Djebilet Mtn)
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 321 pp. (in English)
  • Khomas Region
    • Gamsberg Area
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 605 (in English)
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Garvie, L. A. J., Devouard, B., Groy, T. L., Cámara, F. and Buseck, P. R. (1999): Crystal structure of kanemite, NaHSi2O5•3H2O, from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. Am. Mineral., 84, 1170-1175; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
New Mineral Names. Mineral News, 28, #1 (January 2012), 13.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
      • Kombat
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] No reference listed
Netherlands
 
  • Limburg
    • Elsloo
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    • Hoensbroek
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    • Maastricht
      • Pietersberg
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    • Valkenburg
      • Ravensbos
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
  • Overijssel
    • Denekamp
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    • Ootmarsum
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
      • Kuiperberg
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Otago
Hutton, C. Osborne, 1945, Further Data on the Stilpnomelane Mineral Group,American Mineralogist v.41 p. 608-615.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Snarum
Nordrum, F.S. Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M. (2010): Apatitt fra noen norske mineralforekomster. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 43: 65-70
Raade, G. (1999): Et unikt mineralselskap av magnesiumfosfater fra magnesitt-serpentin-forekomster på Modum. Bergverksmuseets Skrift nr 15, 10-14 [in norwegian]
  • Nord-Trøndelag
    • Steinkjer
      • Sparbu
Mortenson, M. (1973): Talk-serpentinforekomster i Sparbu, Nord-Trøndelag. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 290: 1-16 (pp. 6, 9 and 10);Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 122
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
      • Grua
        • Grua Mining District
Larsen, K.E. & Nordrum, F.S. (2013): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2012-2013. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 50, 111-117
  • Telemark
    • Bamble (Bamle)
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Brögger, W. C and Bäckström, H. (1888): Über den "Dahllit", ein neues mineral von Ödegården, Bamle, Norwegen. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar (Stockholm) 1888 (7),1-4. (Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, pp. 123-124); (Science 155, 1977, 1409); Nickel & Nichols (1991, "Mineral Reference Manual" p35).;
    • Kragerø
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Uwe Kolitsch and Knut Edvard Larsen (visit to locality) and information from local collector and guide
      • Valberg
Nordrum, F.S. (2008): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2007-2008. STEIN 35 (2), 8-20
Papua New Guinea
 
  • New Ireland Province
    • Lihir Island area
A.D. Renno, L. Franz, T. Witzke, P.M. Herzig (2004) Canadian Mineralogist 42, 1-16
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Dzierżoniów District
      • Piława Górna (Ober Peilau; Gnadenfrei)
        • DSS Piława Górna Quarry
Pieczka, A., Włodek, A., Gołębiowska, B., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K. (2015): Phosphate-bearing pegmatites in the Góry Sowie Block and adjacent areas, Sudetes, SW Poland. 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, PEG 2015 Książ, Poland. Abstracts: 77-78
    • Sudetes Mts
      • Sowie Mts
        • Michałkowa (Michelsdorf)
Pieczka, A., Włodek, A., Gołębiowska, B., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K. (2015): Phosphate-bearing pegmatites in the Góry Sowie Block and adjacent areas, Sudetes, SW Poland. 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, PEG 2015 Książ, Poland. Abstracts: 77-78
    • Świdnica District
Włodek, A., Grochowina, A., Gołębiowska, B., Pieczka, A. (2015): A phosphate-bearing pegmatite from Lutomia and its relationships to other pegmatites of the Góry Sowie Block, southwestern Poland. Journal of Geosciences: 60: 45-72
    • Ząbkowice District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
        • Szklary (Gläsendorf)
Pieczka A. 2007: Beusite and an unusual Mn-rich apatite from the Szklary granitic pegmatite, Lower Silesia, Southwestern Poland. Canadian Mineralogist, vol. 45, no.4, p. 901-914
Portugal
 
  • Castelo Branco District
    • Idanha-a-Nova
      • Segura
Neiva, A. M. R., Silva, M. M. V. G., Antunes, I. M. H. R., & Ramos, J. M. F. (2000). Phosphate minerals of some granitic rocks associated quartz veins from northern and central Portugal.; Antunes, I. M. H. R., Neiva, A. M. R., Ramos, J. M. F., Silva, P. B., Silva, M. M. V. G., & Corfu, F. (2013). Petrogenetic links between lepidolite-subtype aplite-pegmatite, aplite veins and associated granites at Segura (central Portugal). Chemie der Erde-Geochemistry, 73(3), 323-341.
  • Guarda District
    • Gouveia
      • Folgosinho
Alves, P., Leal Gomes, C., Lopes Nunes, J.E (2012) : Produtos de evolução de triplite-zwieselite, fluorapatite e isokite da mina Sítio do Castelo (Folgosinho, Guarda). II Congresso Jovens Investigadores em Geociências, LEG 2012.
Puerto Rico
 
  • Mayaguez
Onac, B. P., & Forti, P. (2011). State of the art and challenges in cave minerals studies. Studia UBB, Geologia, 56(1), 33-42.
Wise, W. (1997), J. Cave and Karst Studies, 53,170.
Romania
 
  • Bistrița-Năsăud Co.
    • Rodna Mtn (Rodnei Mtn)
Tămaş, T., Kristály, F., & Barbu-Tudoran, L. (2011). Mineralogy of Iza Cave (Rodnei Mountains, N. Romania). International Journal of Speleology, 40(2), 10.
al României, I. G. (2003) The 5 Th Symposium Baia Mare Branch Of The Geological Society Of Romania. pp11-12
  • Brașov Co.
Puşcaş, C. M., Kristaly, F., Stremţan, C. C., Onac, B. P., & Effenberger, H. S. (2014). Stability of cave phosphates: Case study from Liliecilor Cave (Trascău Mountains, Romania). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 191(2), 157-168.; Marincea, Ş., Dumitraş, D. g., Diaconu, G., & Fransolet, a. m. (2004) Mineralogical Data on the Bat Guano Deposit from Gura Ponicovei Cave (Almaj Mountains, Romania). Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits 81:126-129
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Locva Mts (Locvei Mts)
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Onac, B.P., Zaharia, L., Kearns, J. & Veres, D. (2007): Vashegyite from Gaura cu Musca Cave (Locvei Mountains, Romania): a new and rare phosphate occurrence. International J. of Speleology, 35, 67-73.
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Cerna valley
Onac, B. P. (2009): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 38/1, 27-39
B. Onac et al (2009, July) Mineralogical and Stable Isotope Investigations of Minerals from Caves on Cerna Valley (Romania). Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. pp318-323
B. Onac et al (2009, July) Mineralogical and Stable Isotope Investigations of Minerals from Caves on Cerna Valley (Romania). Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. pp318-323
    • Hunedoara
      • Boșorod
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Dumitras, D.-G., Constantinescu, E., Marincea, S., and Bourgier, V. (2005): Proceedings of the Annual Scientific Session of The Geological Society of Romania, Rosia Montana, 20-21 May 2005, 31-36.; D. Dumitras , Si. Marincea (2000) Phosphates In The Bat Guano Deposit From The "Dry" Cioclovina Cave, Sureanu Mountains, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Devosits Vol 79 Suppl pp 43-45
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Chioarului District
      • Chioarului Hills
Neacșu Antonela, Cioacă Mihaela (2007) Gemological occurrences in Romania. PROIECT ROMANIT, Raport 2b. Geologie, p.29-30
  • Sălaj Co.
    • Boiului Plateau
Tudor Tămaș, Răzvan Ungureanu (2010)-Mineralogy of Speleothems from four caves in the Purcăreț-Boiu Mare Plateau and the Baia Mare Depression (NW Romania). Studia Universitatis Babeș-Boyai, Geologia, 55 (2), 43-49.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
      • Polar Yakutia
Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Dovyren Highlands
Galuskin, E. V. et al. (2007): Dovyrenite Ca6Zr[Si2O7]2(OH)4 – A New Mineral From Skarned Carbonate Xenoliths In Basic-Ultrabasic Rocks Of The Ioko-Dovyren Massif, Northern Baikal Region, Russia. Mineralogia Polonica, 38, 15-27
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole–Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.
      • Khibiny Massif
PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F.C., Khomyakov, A.P. (2013): Kolskyite (Ca☐)Na2Ti4(Si2O7)2O4(H2O)7, a group-IV Ti-disilicate from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 51, 921-936.; Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2014). Saamite, Ba□ Tinbna3ti (Si2o7) 2o2 (Oh) 2 (H2o) 2, a Group-iii Ti-disilicate Mineral from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia: Description and Crystal Structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 52(4), 745-762.
Ruslan P. Liferovich, Yakov A. Pakhomovsky, Alla N. Bogdanova, Elena G. Balaganskaya, Kauko V. O. Laajoki, Seppo Gehor and Nikita V. Chukanov (2001) Collinsite in hydrothermal assemblages related to carbonatites in the Kovdor Complex, northwestern Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 39:1081-1094; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
P.M. Kartashov data
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Chebarkul'
          • Zauralovo
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
        • Kamensk-Ural'skii
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] N.A. Grigoriev, Zap. Vses. Mineral. Ob. , 1964, 93 (2), 156.
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mintaqah Makkah
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Seychelles
 
Gorshkov, A.I., Baturin, G.N., Bogdanova, O.Y., and Magazina, L.O. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(2), 183-188.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
      • Brezno
Ozdín D., 2003: Mineralógia a genéza sideritovej mineralizácie Ďumbierskych Nízkych Tatier. Manuscript (Dissertation thesis), Archive of Dpt. of Mineralogy and Petrology, Fac. of Natural Sc., Bratislava, 1-194.
    • Revúca Co.
Bancík T., Krupa M., Sakmár J., Sečkár P. (2014): Ojedinelý nález hydroxylapatitu na lokalite Muránska Dlhá Lúka. Minerál, 22, 6, 521-526 (in Slovak)
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Hrušov
Cílek V., 2003: Mineralogické výzkumy v Hrušovské jeskyni ve Slovenském krasu. Slov.Kras, XLI, 225-227
      • Kečovo
Cílek V., 1999: Mineralogické výskumy v jeskyni Domica. Aragonit, 4, 9 – 11
      • Ochtiná (Achten)
Cílek V., Bosák P., Melka K., Žák K., Langrolvá A., Osborne A.,1998: Mineralogické výskumy v Ochtinské aragonitové jeskyni. Aragonit, 3,7 - 12
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Vyšná Šebastová
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Povondra P., Skála R., Chapman R., 2007: Hydrotermal assemblage of Cl-,F- and OH-bearing apatite-group minerals from Maglovec near Prešov, Slovakia. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 1355-1366.
South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995), Minerals of South Africa.
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Postmasburg manganese field
      • Gloucester Farm
Mineralogical Magazine (1997) 61:213-231
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Belalcázar
Rewitzer C., Hochleitner R., Fehr T., Utrera C.,(2016) Karibibite, schneiderhöhnite, tooeleite and other uncommon secondary minerals in the Nuestra Señora de las Alcantarillas mine, Belalcázar, Córdoba, Spain; MineralUp (Revista de Minerales) No.1 Oct. 2016 Page 9-39
  • Balearic Islands
B. Onac et al (2009) Mineral Diversity in Caves from Mallorca Island, Spain. Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. p 325
      • Inca
Onac, B.P., Fornós, J.J., Ginés, A., Ginés, J. (2005): Mineralogical reconnaissance of caves from Mallorca Island. Endins, 27, 131-140.
      • Llucmajor
Onac, B.P., Fornós, J.J., Ginés, A., Ginés, J. (2005): Mineralogical reconnaissance of caves from Mallorca Island. Endins, 27, 131-140.
      • Manacor
Onac, B.P., Fornós, J.J., Ginés, A., Ginés, J. (2005): Mineralogical reconnaissance of caves from Mallorca Island. Endins, 27, 131-140.
      • Santanyí
Onac, B.P., Fornós, J.J., Ginés, A., Ginés, J. (2005): Mineralogical reconnaissance of caves from Mallorca Island. Endins, 27, 131-140.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Ciudad Real
JRGL collection
        • Bolaños de Calatrava
Calvo, M., Viñals, J., Sanz, A. and Martí, J. (2013). Zeolites and asociated minerals in the vacuoles of some of the Campo de calatrava volcanoes - Ciudad Real, Spain. Mineral Up,3, 54-69
Calvo, M., Viñals, J., Sanz, A. and Martí, J. (2013). Zeolites and asociated minerals in the vacuoles of some of the Campo de calatrava volcanoes - Ciudad Real, Spain. Mineral Up,3, 54-69
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Baix Llobregat
        • Gavà
          • Bruguers
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Christoph Boutry and Rui Nunes specimens
      • Barcelonès
        • Barcelona city
          • Collserola mountain range
Moro, M. C., Cembranos, M. L., & Fernandez, A. (2000). Allophane-like materials in the weathered zones of Silurian phosphate-rich veins from Santa Creu d'Olorda (Barcelona, Spain). Clay Minerals, 35(2), 411-421.
      • Vallès Occidental
        • Montcada i Reixac
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Rosell, J. & Garrido, J.L. (2006) The minerals of Montcada Hill Quarry. Mineral Up, 2006/2, 16-20.
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • Cerdanya
        • Bellver de Cerdanya
Rosell, J. (2014): "Barita en els nòduls d'anapaïta de la Cerdanya catalana. INFOMINER, 60. Edita Grup Mineralògic Català, Barcelona."
Sri Lanka
 
  • North Central Province
Dahanayake, K. (1988). Fertilizers from Eppawala-a geological and mineralogical assessment of a phosphorite deposit. Economic Review
Sweden
 
  • Lappland
    • Kiruna
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Flink, G. Bidrag till Malmbergsgruvornas och Kirunavaaras Mineralogi (Sthlm 1924, in Swedish)
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
      • Alnö
        • Ås
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Eckermann, H. von (1948): The Alkaline District of Alnö Island. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning. Serie Ca 36, 176 pp
  • Värmland
    • Torsby
Grensman, F. (1989): Hålsjøberg- En fyndortsbeskrivning. NAGS-nytt 16(3), 24-27
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
Wickman, F.E. (1954): Minerals of the Varuträsk Pegmatite, XXXVIII. Manganvoelckerite. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 76, 495-500
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Engadin
      • Sils im Engadin
Monistier, G. (2009): Gelber Apatit aus dem Val Fedoz im Oberengadin, Schweiz. Lapis 34 (5), 31-34.
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Centovalli
Weiβ, S., Fehr, T., Ansermet, S., Meisser, N., Pakhomovsky, Ya.K. (2007): Zirkonführende Nephelin-Pegmatite im Centovalli, Süd-Schweiz: Struktur, Mineralogie und Kristallisationsfolge. Lapis, 32, 6, 24-30.
    • Lago Maggiore
Vignola, P., Diella, V., Oppizzi, P., Tiepolo, M. & Weiss, S. (2008): Phosphate assemblages from the Brissago granitic pegmatite, Western Southern Alps, Switzerland. Can. Mineral. 46, 635-650.
    • Maggia Valley
      • Lavizzara Valley
        • Sambuco Valley
          • Narèt area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 364.
  • Uri
    • Urseren
      • Hospental
        • Chämleten (Kemmleten)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 46
        • St Anna-Berg
Stalder, H. A., de Quervain, F., Niggli, E., Graeser, St., Die Mineralfunde der Schweiz, (1973), p. 131
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Grimentz
        • Moiry Valley
Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
      • Zinal
Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
Thailand
 
  • Lamphun Province
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 505-508
Turkey
 
  • Eastern Anatolia Region
    • Bingöl Province
Econ Geol (1984) 79:354-371
    • Erzurum Province
      • Kop Daglari
Dietrich, R. and Medenbach, O. (1978): Kämmererite from the Kop Krom mine, Kop Daglan (Turkey). Mineralogical Record. 9(5), 277-287.
  • South-Eastern Anatolia Region
Celebi, Hüseyin, Helvaci, Cahit & Uçurum, Ali (2010) Apatite-bearing magnetite deposit of Pinarbasi (Adiyaman): Geological, geochemical and economical potential. Mineral Res. Expl. Bull., 141, 27-52.
Uganda
 
  • Western Region
    • Kabarole District
Barker, D.S. and Nixon, P.H. (1989) High-Ca, low-alkali carbonatite volcanism at Fort Portal, Uganda. Contributions to Minralogy and Petrology.: 103: 166-177.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Austell District
        • Treverbyn
          • Bugle
BMS Database
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
      • Bakhchisaray area
        • Skalistoye Village
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Dvoichenko P.A. The minerals of Crimea (1914) - Zapiski Krymskogo obshchestva estestvoispytatelei (Proceeding of the Crimea Society of Naturalistes), 1914, vol. 4, p. 1-208 (Rus.) - Popov S.P. Mineralogy of the Crimea (1938). - M.-L., AN SSSR, 1938, 352 p. (Rus.)
      • Belogorsk area
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Alexander I. Tischenko (1996). Minerals of the Crimea. - World of stones, 1996, #9, p.9 - 18.
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] [Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Borough
      • Chisana District
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-195
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Whetstone Mts
        • Whetstone District
www.caves.org
    • Yavapai Co.
AmMin 67: 97-113 (1982)
        • Independence Gulch
London, D. and Burt, D., 1982, Alteration of spodumene, Montebrasite and Lithiophilite in Pegmatites of the White Picacho District, Arizona, American Mineralogist, v 67, p. 97-113; C. Lemanski, Jr. (Analysis by F. Veselovsky & P. Ondrus).
  • Arkansas
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Fancy Hill District
        • Caddo Gap
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Econ Geol (1987) 82:1377-1385
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 78.
    • Mono Co.
      • White Mts
        • White Mountain Peak
www.baymin.org/Field/ChampionMine/ChampionMineGeology.pdf.
    • Riverside Co.
      • San Bernardino Mts
        • Whitewater (White Water)
David Singer: Highly oxidized rocks from the San Gorgonio Pass, California; Petrologic and thermodynamic calculations. (Senior honors thesis, Department of Geological Sciences, University of Michigan; advisors: Eric Essene and Casey Donohue).
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • New Idria
Personally collected and analyzed by David Lowe. White opaque crystals associated with brown Andradite and greenish-blue Clinochlore on Serpentine matrix.
    • Trinity Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Hyampom
Lydon, Philip Andrew (1964), Unusual phosphatic rock: California Division of Mines & Geology, Mineral Information Service: 17: 66-74; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 80, 384; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 317, 318.
  • Colorado
    • Eagle Co.
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1017
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Goose Creek District
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp587-592.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Larimer Co.
      • Crystal Mountain Pegmatite District (Storm Mountain District)
Rocks & Min.:62:234-235.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
        • Storm Mountain
Rocks & Min.: 62: 234.
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield Co.
      • Redding (Reading)
        • Branchville
Ronald Januzzi collection
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
Harold Moritz collection
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.; Harold Moritz collection.
  • Georgia
No reference listed
      • Holly Springs
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 886; Rocks & Minerals (1989): 64: 190.
  • Idaho
    • Caribou Co.
      • Soda Springs
Kampf, A. R., Nash,P., and Loomis, T.A. (2013): Phosphovanadylite-Ca, Ca[V#4#+^4P^2O^8(OH)^8.12H^2O, the Ca analogue of phosphovanadylite-Ba. American Mineralogist 98,439-443.
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • West Mount Apatite District
No reference listed
      • Poland
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
Mineral News (2000) 16:1 pp1,4,5
    • Oxford Co.
      • Albany
King, V. T., 2009, Maine Feldspar, Families, and Feuds.
King, V. (ed.), 2009, Maine feldspar, Families, and Feuds
King, V., 2008, Maine Feldspar, Families, and Feuds
      • Buckfield
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1.
      • Greenwood
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
No reference listed
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2, with updates by Van King
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1.
      • Norway
No reference listed
      • Paris
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] No reference listed
      • Peru
No reference listed
      • Rumford
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1.
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Scott Soucey and Tim Blake specimens
      • Stoneham
King and Foord, 1994, Mineralogy of Maine
  • Michigan
    • Dickinson Co.
      • Menominee iron range
        • Randville
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Candelaria District (Columbus District)
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Buffalo Mountain District
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • San Antonio Mts
        • Tonopah District
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Am.Jour.Sci., 4th ser., 33, 475-482 (1921)
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Toquima Range
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] No reference listed
Journal of Pegmatology vol. 1, no. 1 ; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Newport
Van King
  • North Carolina
    • Catawba Co.
      • Hickory
Keith Wood
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite]
    • Gaston Co.
      • Bessemer City
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Magma Field Trip Reports
  • Oklahoma
    • Murray Co.
Krystyniak, Alischa M. (2005) Outcrop-based Gamma-ray Characterization of the Woodford Shale of South-Central Oklahoma, MS Thesis, Oklahoma State University, pp. 149.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Berks Co.
      • Earl Township
        • Shanesville
Smith, Robert C., 1976, Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1966-1976, pgs. 38, 44
    • Huntingdon Co.
      • Hares Valley area
        • Brady Township
Ref.: "Zinc and Lead Occurances in Pennsylvania", R. C. Smith, II, Mineral Resources Report No. 72, 1977, Pennsylvania Geological Survey.
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Fourmile
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
        • Pringle
          • Cicero Peak
Paul B. Moore (1974) Jahnsite, Segelerite, and Robertsite, Three New Transition Metal Phosphate Species. Am. Min. 59: 48-59
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
        • Keystone
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] USGS Prof Paper 297A
      • Unorganized District
Van King specimen
  • Utah
    • Piute Co.
Mineralogical Magazine 1998 62 : 265-269
    • Utah Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Fairfield
          • Clay Canyon
Wilson, W. (2010): The Clay Canyon Variscite Mine, Fairfield Utah. Mineralogical Record. 41:321-349.
  • Virginia
    • Bath Co.
NSS Bulletin 44:90-97 (1982)
    • Campbell Co.
    • Giles Co.
      • Pearisburg
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Wyoming
    • Big Horn Co.
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Dahllite pseudomorphs after pyrite concretions from Big Horn Basin, Wyoming RS Mitchell… - American Mineralogist, 1958
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] AmMin 20:693
Venezuela
 
  • Aragua
Urbani, 1997. Bol. Soc. Venezolana de Espeleología, no.30.
  • Miranda
Urbani, 1997. Bol. Soc. Venezolana de Espeleología, no.30.
Urbani, F. (1996). Venezuelan Cave Minerals: A Review. Bol. Soc. Venezolana de Espeleología, No. 30
Urbani, 1997. Bol. Soc. Venezolana de Espeleología, no.30.
[var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Urbani, 1997. Bol. Soc. Venezolana de Espeleología, no.30.
  • Monagas
Urbani, F. (1996). Venezuelan Cave Minerals: A Review. Bol. Soc. Venezolana de Espeleología, No. 30
Franco Urbani (2009) Venezuelan Cave Minerals: Second Review. Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. p 345
Yemen
 
  • Hadramawt Governorate
Zolensky, M. & A.Ivanov, Chemie der Erde 63,185-246(2003)
Zimbabwe
 
  • Manicaland
    • Buhera District
      • Shawa complex
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
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