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Idrialite

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About IdrialiteHide

06713030014951373476640.jpg
View of the Idria mercury mining area, 1935.

Anthony shaft, Idria Mine, Idrija, Gorizia Region, Slovenia
Formula:
C22H14
the formula (assuming this is a separate species) fits pentacene, picene, or pentaphene and not dimethylbenzphenanthrene
Colour:
Greenish yellow
Lustre:
Adamantine, Vitreous
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named for the type locality of Idria mine, Slovenia.
Possibly a complex mixture of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

"Identical to dimethylbenzphenanthrene" (Handbook of Mineralogy). However, this compound is given as C20H16 (PubChem).


Classification of IdrialiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
10.BA.20

10 : ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
B : Hydrocarbons
A : Hydrocarbons
Dana 7th ed.:
50.3.8.1
50.3.10.

50 : ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
3 : Hydrocarbons

Physical Properties of IdrialiteHide

Adamantine, Vitreous
Colour:
Greenish yellow
Hardness:
1½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of IdrialiteHide

Formula:
C22H14

the formula (assuming this is a separate species) fits pentacene, picene, or pentaphene and not dimethylbenzphenanthrene

Crystallography of IdrialiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.07 Å, b = 6.42 Å, c = 27.75 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.257 : 1 : 4.322
Unit Cell V:
1,437.71 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:
Space group not determined.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.08 Å(20)
4.94 Å(100)
4.43 Å(20)
4.04 Å(60)
3.40 Å(80)
2.48 Å(30)
2.06 Å(20)

Type Occurrence of IdrialiteHide

Synonyms of IdrialiteHide

Other Language Names for IdrialiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Idrialite associated with CinnabarHgS
3 photos of Idrialite associated with RealgarAs4S4
3 photos of Idrialite associated with CarpathiteC24H12
3 photos of Idrialite associated with MetacinnabarHgS
2 photos of Idrialite associated with QuartzSiO2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

10.BA.05FichteliteC19H34Mon.
10.BA.10HartiteC20H34Tric. 1 : P1
10.BA.15DiniteC20H36Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
10.BA.25KratochvíliteC13H10Orth.
10.BA.30CarpathiteC24H12Mon. 2/m : P21/b
10.BA.35PhylloretineC18H18Orth.
10.BA.40RavatiteC14H10Mon. 2 : P21
10.BA.45SimonelliteC19H24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
10.BA.50EvenkiteC21H44Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

32.1EvenkiteC21H44Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
32.2FichteliteC19H34Mon.
32.3SimonelliteC19H24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
32.4KratochvíliteC13H10Orth.
32.6CarpathiteC24H12Mon. 2/m : P21/b
32.7RefikiteC20H32O2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 2
32.8FlagstaffiteC10H22O3Orth.
32.9HoeliteC14H8O2Orth.
32.10KladnoiteC6H4(CO)2NHMon. 2/m
32.11AcetamideCH3CONH2Trig. 3m : R3c
32.12GuanineC5H5N5OMon.
32.13UreaCO(NH2)2Tet. 4 2m : P4 21m
32.14UriciteC5H4N4O3Mon.
32.15AbelsoniteNi(C31H32N4)Tric. 1 : P1

Fluorescence of IdrialiteHide

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for IdrialiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Dumas, J. (1832) Recherches sur les combinaisons de l'hydrogène et du carbone. Annales de Chimie et de Physique: 50: 182-197.
Dumas, J.(1832) Ueber die Verbindungen von Wasserstoff und Kohlenstoff (Naphthalin, Paranaphthalin und Idrialin). Annalen der Physik: 102: 517–530.
Scharizer, R. (1883) Idrialit. Jahrb. f. Mineral.: 1: 31.
Wright, F.E., Allen, E.T. (1925) Curtisite, a new organic mineral from Skaggs Springs, Sonoma County, California (abstract). American Mineralogist: 11: 67-67.
Wright, F.E., Allen, E.T. (1930) Curtisite, a new organic mineral from Skaggs Springs, Sonoma County, California. American Mineralogist: 15: 169-173.
Frank-Kamenetskii, V.A., Maleeva, T.P. (1953) Curtisite from Trans-Carpathia. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 88: 135–136.
Tuček, K., Vtělenská, E., Kouřimský, J. (1953) Výskyt curtisitu v Československu a jeho identita s idrialinem. Rozpravky Československá Akademie Věd: 63: 1-18. (curtisite identical with idrialite)
Grinberg, I.V., Shimanskii, V.M. (1954) Study of the chemical nature of the colored organic mineral curtisite and its associates. Mineralogicheskii Sbornik: 8: 95–108.
Strunz, H., Contag., B. (1965) Evkenit, Flagstaffit, Idrialin und Reficit. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1: 19-25.
Fleischer, M. (1965) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 50: 2096-2111.
Geissman, T.A., Sun, K.Y., Murdoch, J. (1967) Organic minerals. Picine and chrysene as constituents of the mineral Curtisite (idrialite). Experentia: 23: 793-794.
Fleischer, M. (1968) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 53: 1063-1066.
Gleboyvskaya, E.A. (1968) Molecular spectroscopy in the study of organic materials. Khimiya Tverdogo Topliva: 3: 145-148. (in Russian)
Fleischer, M. (1970) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 55: 1067-1073.
Blumer, M. (1975) Curtisite, idrialite and pendletonite, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon minerals: Their composition and origin. Chemical Geology: 16: 245–256.
Fleischer, M., Pabst, A., Cabri, L.J. (1976) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 61: 1053-1056.
De, A., Ghosh, R., Roychowdhury, S., Rouchowdhury, P. (1985) Structual analysis of picene, C22H14. Acta Crystallographica: C41: 907–909.
Wise, S.A., Campbell, R.M., West, W.R., Lee, M.L., Bartle, K.D. (1986) Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon minerals, curtisite, idrialite and pendletonite using high-performance liquid chromatography, gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Chemical Geology: 54: 339–357.
Jehlička, J., Edwards, H.G.M., Villar, S.E.J., Frank, O. (2006) Raman spectroscopic study of the complex aromatic mineral idrialite. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 37: 771-776.
Echigo, T., Kimata, M., Maruoka, T., Shimizu, M., Nishida, N. (2009) The crystal structure, origin, and formation of idrialite (C22H14): Inferences from the microbeam and bulk analyses. American Mineralogist: 94: 1325-1332.sbornik

Internet Links for IdrialiteHide

Localities for IdrialiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Curbans
Slovakia
 
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov District
      • Červenica
        • Dubník
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Vranov nad Topľou District
Ďuďa,R., Kaličiaková,E., 1987: Mineralogicko – paragenetické pomery Hg ložiska Merník. Min.Slovaca, 19,5,423 – 442
Slovenia (TL)
 
  • Gorizia Region
    • Idrija
[NJMM (1965), 19; MinRec 22:207]; Jost V. Lavric & Jorge E. Spangenberg (2001) Geochemistry of Fossil Hydrothermal Vents of the Idrija Mercury Deposit, Slovenia: Insights from δ13C, δ18O, δ34S and Organic Geochemical Data. in European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
Ukraine
 
  • Zakarpattia Oblast
    • Svaliava Raion
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
USA
 
  • California
    • Lake Co.
      • East Mayacmas Mining District
        • Castle Rock Springs
Yates, Robert G. & Lowell S. Hilpert (1946), Quicksilver deposits of eastern Mayacmas district, Lake and Napa Counties, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 42): 42: 247; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 342.
Yates, Robert G. & Lowell S. Hilpert (1946), Quicksilver deposits of eastern Mayacmas district, Lake and Napa Counties, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 42): 42: 231-286; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 342.
        • Middletown
          • Great Western-Mirabel group
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 342.
Nichols, J.B. (1948) Minerals of Lake County, California. Mineralogist: 16: 176; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 111 (map 3-7), 342.
www.mineralsocal.org
    • Napa Co.
      • Knoxville Mining District
        • Knoxville
Averitt, Paul (1945), Quicksilver deposits of the Knoxville district, Napa, Yolo, and Lake Counties, California: California Journal of Mines & Geology, California Division Mines (Report 42): 42: 78; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165.
    • San Benito Co.
      • New Idria Mining District
        • Idria (New Idria)
www.mineralsocal.org
    • San Francisco Co.
www.missourigeologists.org/Min-Loc1-2005.pdf.
        • Duboce Street near Market Street
Bradley, W.W. (1937), Thirty-third report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 33: 71; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165.
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Coast Range
        • Warm Springs Dam
          • Skaggs Springs
Bradley, W.W. (1937), Thirty-third report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 33: 345; Everhart, Donald Lough (1950a), Skaggs Springs quicksilver mine, Sonoma County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 46: 390; Strunz, Hugo and Contag, B. (1965), Evenkit, Flagstaffit, Idrialin und Reficit. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1: 19-25; Geissman, T.A., Sun, K.Y., and Murdoch, J. (1967) Organic minerals. Picine and chrysene as constituents of the mineral curtisite (idrialite). Experentia: 23: 793-794; White, D.E. (1967) Mercury and base-metal deposits with associated thermal and mineral waters. In: H.L. Barnes (Editor), Geochemistry of hydrothermal ore deposits. Holt Reinhart and Winston, New York: 590; American Mineralogist (2009): 94: 1325–1332.; Wright, F.E. & E.T. Allen (1925), Curtisite, a new organic mineral from Skaggs Springs, Sonoma County, California (abstract): American Mineralogist: 11: 169; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 150, 165, 263, 283, 319.
      • West Mayacmas Mining District
        • Cloverdale
          • North Fork Little Sulphur Creek
Eugene Cisneros
    • Yolo Co.
      • Coast Ranges
        • Knoxville Mining District
          • Knoxville area
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 165; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 343.
 
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