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About IkunoliteHide

View of the Ikuno silver mine, Japan, ca. 1910.

Ikuno mine, Ikuno-cho-ono, Asago City, Hyogo, Japan
Crystal System:
Named in 1986 by Akira Kato for the type locality, the Ikuno Mine, Hyogo Prefecture, Japan.
Isostructural with:
See also "joséite".

Exhibits variable S:Se ratios and may also contain some Pb (Parafiniuk et al., 2008). A continuous solid-solution series with laitakarite, Bi4(Se,S)3, may exist.

Classification of IkunoliteHide


2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
C : Variable M:S

6 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi

Physical Properties of IkunoliteHide


Chemical Properties of IkunoliteHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of IkunoliteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.15 Å, c = 39.19 Å
a:c = 1 : 9.443
Unit Cell V:
584.52 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of IkunoliteHide

Other Language Names for IkunoliteHide

Simplified Chinese:脆硫铋矿

Varieties of IkunoliteHide

Relationship of Ikunolite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Ikunolite associated with WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
1 photo of Ikunolite associated with JonassoniteAuBi5S4
1 photo of Ikunolite associated with BismuthBi
1 photo of Ikunolite associated with MarcasiteFeS2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DC.05HedleyiteBi7Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.DC.05Joséite-BBi4Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.DC.05LaitakariteBi4Se2STrig. 3m : R3m
2.DC.05PilseniteBi4Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.DC.05TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.DC.05TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
2.DC.05BaksaniteBi6Te2S3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)HideéiteBi4TeS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3méite-BBi4Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m 3m : R3m 3m (3 2/m) : R3m,Te,S)4Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.7.2DuranusiteAs4SOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
3.7.3DimorphiteAs4S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.4RealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m
3.7.5PararealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.6AlacrániteAs8S9Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.7.8OrpimentAs2S3Mon. 2/m
3.7.10LaphamiteAs2Se3Mon. 2/m
3.7.11GetchelliteAsSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.12Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]Orth. mm2 : Pna21
3.7.13PääkköneniteSb2AsS2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.7.14StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.17BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.19GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.22LaitakariteBi4Se2STrig. 3m : R3m
3.7.26TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
3.7.27PilseniteBi4Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.28HedleyiteBi7Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.29TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.30JoséiteBi4TeS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.31Joséite-BBi4Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.40JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for IkunoliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kato, A. (1959) Ikunolite, a new bismuth mineral from the Ikuno mine, Japan. Mineralogical Journal: 2: 397-407.
Fleischer, M. (1960) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 45: 476-480.
Markham, N.L. (1962) Plumbian ikunolite from Kingsgate, New South Wales. American Mineralogist: 47: 1431-1434.
International Mineralogical Association (1962) International Mineralogical Association: Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 260-263.
Nechelyustov, G.N., Stepanov, V.I. Shumkova, N.G., Khalezova, Y.B. (1978) Ikunolite, Bi4Se3, from the Kara-Obo tungsten deposit, central Kazakhstan; the first discovery in the USSR. Novye Dannye o Mineralah SSSR: 26: 105-111.
Finashin, V.K., Litavrina, R.F., Romanenko, I.M., Chubarov, V.M. (1979) Ikunolite from hte Vysokogorskoe deposit, Primorye. Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshchest.: 108: 337-339.
Imai, N., Chung, J.I. (1986) The first Korean occurrence of ikunolite. Mineralogical Journal: 13: 65-74.
Foit, B., Škoda, R. (2005) Bi4Se3 and ikunolite-laitakarite from the uranium deposit Zálesí near Javornik, Rychebske Hory Mts. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. Geol.: 90: 99-107.
Cook, N.J., Ciobanu, C.L., Wagner, T., Stanley, C.J. (2007) Minerals of the system Bi-Te-Se-S related to the tetradymite archetype: review of classification and compositional variation. Canadian Mineralogist: 45: 665-708.
Parafiniuk, J., Pieczka, A., Gołębiowska, B. (2008) Compositional data for ikunolite from Rędziny, Rudawy Janowickie, Lower Silesia, Poland. The Canadian Mineralogist: 46: 1305-1315.
Szakáll, S., Zajzon, N., Kristály, F. (2012) Unusual ikunolite from Nagybörzsöny ore deposit, Börzsöny, Mts., Hungary. [http://www.mineral.hermuz.hu/acta_07/pdf/134-Szakall.pdf]

Internet Links for IkunoliteHide

Localities for IkunoliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Clive Co.
      • Bolivia
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11), Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
    • Gough Co.
      • Elsmore
Rankin, J., Lawrence, L.J., Sharpe, J.L., Williams, P.A. (2002) Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 8:1, 55-60.
Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Clissold, M. E., Leverett, P., Sharpe, J. L. & Williams, P. A. (2008): Primary bismuth minerals from the Wolfram pipe, Kingsgate, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 14, 19-25. ; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., Roberts, A. C., Stanley, C. J., & Culetto, F. J. (2006). Jonassonite, Au (Bi, Pb) 5S4, a new mineral species from Nagybörzsöny, Hungary. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(5), 1127-1136.
  • Western Australia
    • Boddington Shire
      • Boddington
Kalleske, N. L. (2010). Mineralogical and petrogenetic study of gold ore from the Boddington Gold Deposit, WA (Doctoral dissertation).
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Mittersill
        • Mittersill Scheelite deposit
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
  • La Paz
    • Los Andes Province
(unpublished analysis of inclusion in native bismuth)
  • Haskovo Province
    • Ivaylovgrad Municipality
      • Ivaylovgrad
T. Kerestedjian (1997) Argentonentlandite (Fe, Ni)8+хАg1-xS8 from Kamilski dol – a new mineral species for Bulgaria. Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society 58:15-18
  • British Columbia
    • Nelson Mining Division
William (Bill) R. Howard (2007) Structural setting and geochemical correlations in bismuth (sulfo) telluride-native gold–bearing veins, CLY Group, British Columbia, Canada: A reduced intrusion-related gold system. Geologian tutkimuskeskus, Opas 53 – Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, pp 45-50; http://aris.empr.gov.bc.ca/ArisReports/29864.PDF; Cook, N., Ciobanu, C., & Howard, W. (2007). Bi-tellurides in gold veins BiTel Knoll (CLY prospect) southeastern British Columbia, Canada.
  • Jiangxi
    • Ganzhou
      • Anyuan Co.
Yingchen Ren (1986): Geochemistry 5(3), 277-279; Bayliss, P. (1991): American Mineralogist 76, 257-265
  • Yunnan
    • Honghe
      • Lüchun County (Lvchun Co.)
Lei Zhang, Hanjie Wen, Chaojian Qin, Shengjiang Du, Chuanwei Zhu, Haifeng Fan, Jinrang Zhang (2015): The geological significance of Pb–Bi- and Pb–Sb-sulphosalts in the Damajianshan tungsten polymetallic deposit, Yunnan Province, China. Ore Geology Reviews 71, 203-214.; ZHANG, L., WEN, H., QIN, C., ZHU, C., & DU, S. (2014). A Study on Bi-Sb Minerals in the Damajianshan Tungsten Polymetallic Deposit and Its Geological Significance, Yunnan Province, China. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition), 88(s2), 946-947.
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemian Region
Pažout, R., Sejkora, J., Šrein, V. (2017): Bismuth and bismuth–antimony sulphosalts from Kutná Hora vein Ag–Pb–Zn ore district, Czech Republic. Journal of Geosciences 62, 59-76.
Pazout, R., Sejkora, J., & Srein, V. (2017). Bismuth and bismuth-antimony sulphosalts from Kutna Hora vein Ag-Pb-Zn ore district, Czech Republic. Journal of GEOsciences, 62(1), 59-76.
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník District
      • Javorník
Sejkora J., Škoda R., Pauliš P. 2006: Selenium mineralization of the uranium deposit Zálesí, Rychlebské Hory Mts., Czech Republic. Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 196-198
  • Southern Savonia
    • Rantasalmi
Kojonen,Kari 2008. Au-Ag tellurides-selenides in Finland. International Geological Congress, Oslo August 6-14th. Abstract; Kontoniemi, O., Johanson, B., Kojonen, K., & Pakkanen, L. (1991). Ore mineralogy of the Osikonmäki gold deposit, Rantasalmi, southeastern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper, 12, 81-89.
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Karlsruhe
      • Baden-Baden
No reference listed
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Siptenfelde
Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.69. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
        • Straßberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Görlitz District
      • Königshain
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2007): Wismut-Mineralien aus dem Königshainer Granit, Lausitz.- Mineralien-Welt 18(4), 14-19
  • Central Macedonia
    • Chalkidiki
      • Aristotelis
Voudouris, P. C., Spry, P. G., Mavrogonatos, C., Sakellaris, G. A., Bristol, S. K., Melfos, V., & Fornadel, A. P. (2013). Bismuthinite derivatives, lillianite homologues, and bismuth sulfotellurides as indicators of gold mineralization in the Stanos shear-zone related deposit, Chalkidiki, Northern Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(1), 119-142.; Voudouris, P., Spry, P. G., Mavrogonatos, C., & Sakellaris, G. A. (2010, April). Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulfide assemblages at the Stanos shear zone-related prospect, Chalkidiki, northern Greece. In 13th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium, Adelaide, South Australia (pp. 6-9).
  • Pest County
    • Szob District
Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., Roberts, A. C., Stanley, C. J., & Culetto, F. J. (2006). Jonassonite, Au (Bi, Pb) 5S4, a new mineral species from Nagybörzsöny, Hungary. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(5), 1127-1136.; Zajzon N, Szakáll S, Kristály F, Hartai É, Fehér B (2014) Pb-Bi-(Ag)-sulphosalts from Nagybörzsöny, Hungary. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 136
Szakáll, S., Fehér, B., Kristály, F. and Zajzon, N. (2012): Minerals of the Rózsa Hill ore mineralizations, Nagybörzsöny. Geoda, 22/3, 16-47 (in Hungarian).
  • Gifu
    • Hida City
      • Kamioka mine
MARIKO, T., KAWADA, M., MIURA, M., & ONO, S. (1996). Ore Formation Processes of The Mozumi Skarn-type Pb-Zn-Ag Deposit in the Kamioka Mine, Gifu Prefecture, Central Japan. Shigen-Chishitsu, 46(260), 337-354.
  • Hyogo
    • Asago City
      • Ikuno-cho-ono
Kato, A. et al (1959) Mineralogical Journal, 2, 397-407.; Kato, a., & Fujiki, Y. (1969). The Occurrence of Stannoidites from the Xenothermal Ore Deposits of the Akenobe, Ikuno, and Tada Mines, Hyogo Prefecfure, and the Fukoku Mine, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 5(6), 417-433.
Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
    • Yabu City
      • Oya-cho
Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto)
  • Iwate
    • Oshu City
      • Esashi ward
        • Akagane mine
Harada, S., Suzuki, Y., Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Shigeoka, M., Matsubara, S. (2017) Bi-bearing minerals at the Jishakuyama ore deposit of the Akagane mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan.
  • Niigata
    • Uetsu
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
  • Tochigi
    • Nikko City
      • Ashio-machi
Knut Eldjarn collection, 5mm xl.
  • District of Kosovska Mitrovica
    • Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
Kołodziejczyk, J., Pršek, J., Melfos, V., Voudouris, P. C., Maliqi, F., & Kozub-Budzyń, G. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the Stan Terg deposit (Trepça, Kosovo). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(3), 317-333.; Kołodziejczyk, J., Pršek, J., Voudouris, P. C., & Melfos, V. (2017). Bi-sulphotellurides associated with Pb–Bi–(Sb±Ag, Cu, Fe) sulphosalts: an example from the Stan Terg deposit in Kosovo. Geologica Carpathica, 68(4), 366-381.
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Dzierżoniów County
      • Piława Górna
        • DSS Piława Górna Quarry
Szuszkiewicz, A., Szełęg, E., Pieczka, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K., ... & Michałowski, P. (2013) The Julianna pegmatite vein system at the Piława Górna Mine, Góry Sowie Block, SW Poland–preliminary data on geology and descriptive mineralogy. Geological Quarterly, 2013, 57 (3): 000–000
    • Jelenia Góra County
      • Szklarska Poręba
        • Szklarska Poręba-Huta
Kozłowski, A., & Matyszczak, W. (2018). Oxygenic bismuth minerals in the NE part of the Karkonosze pluton (West Sudetes, SW Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, 68(4).; Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
    • Kamienna Góra County
      • Gmina Kamienna Góra
        • Czarnów
Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., Pieczka, A., & Góralski, M. (2009). New insights into the mineralization of the Czarnów ore deposit (West Sudetes, Poland). Geologia Sudetica, 41(3-100), 43-56.; Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2006: Cu(Ag)-Pb-Bi(Sb) sulphosalts from Rędziny (Western Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 78-80; Parafiniuk, J. et al. (2008): Can. Mineral. 46, 1305-1315.; Pieczka, A., Gołębiowska, B., & Parafiniuk, J. (2011). Gold in sulfide-telluride assemblages at Rędziny, Rudawy Janowickie Range. Gold in Poland, AM Monograph, (2), 119-134.
  • Bihor
    • Apuseni Mts
      • Highiş Massif
Ciobanu, C. L., Cook, N. J., Damian, F., & Damian, G. (2006). Gold scavenged by bismuth melts: An example from Alpine shear-remobilizates in the Highiş Massif, Romania. Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 351-384.
  • Vâlcea
Udubaşa S.S. (2004) Parageneses and geochemistry of gold from Valea lui Stan and Costeşti ores (South Carpathians, Romania). Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits 81:195-199
  • Amur Oblast
Gvozdev, V. I., Goryachev, N. A., Vakh, A. S., Fedoseev, D. G., & Semenyak, B. I. (2013). Mineral composition of gold-bearing veins and typomorphic features of their minerals in the Kirovskoe deposit (Upper Amur region). Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 7(6), 403.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
Alekseev, V. I., & Marin, Y. B. (2015). Composition and evolution of accessory mineralization of Li–F granites in the Far East as indicators of their ore potential. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(8), 635-644.
  • Magadan Oblast
Goryachev, N. A., Gamyanin, G. N., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Savva, N. E., Velivetskaya, T. A., & Ignat’ev, A. V. (2014). Silver-cobalt mineralization in the Upper Seymchan ore cluster, Northeastern Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(5), 322-345.
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Arminsky ore district
      • Vostok
Gvozdev, V. I., & Tsepin, A. I. (2005). Bismuth Mineralization in the Ores of the Vostok-2 Deposit (Primor'e Region, Russia). Geology of Ore Deposits, 47(2), 132-145.
    • Karadubsky ore field
    • Malinovsky cluster
Gvozdev, V. I., Fedoseev, D. G., Gurikov, A. V., Sadkin, S. I., Semenyak, B. I., & Ratkin, V. V. (2014). Mineralogy of accompanying elements in the ores of the Kordonnoe skarn scheelite-sulfide deposit in Primorsky Krai. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 8(3), 200-212.
Gvozdev, V.I., Dobroshevsky, K.N., Vakh, A.S. et al. (2016): Malinovka deposit—A new type of gold mineralization in Primorye, Russia: Geology, mineralogy, and genesis. Russ. J. of Pac. Geol. 10, 34-49.
Gvozdev, V. I. (2009). Bismuth mineralization in ores of the Skrytoe scheelite deposit (Primorye) and problems of its genesis. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 3(1), 69-79.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Ladoga Region
      • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
Ivashchenko, V. I., Valkama, M., Sundblad, K., Golubev, A. I., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2011, September). New data on mineralogy and metallogeny of scarns in the Pitkyaranta ore region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 440, No. 1, pp. 1307-1311). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Iturup Island
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
      • Vershino-Darasunskiy
        • Darasun mine (Darasun Au deposit)
Krivitskaya, N. N., Bryzgalov, I. A., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2008, June). Jonassonite AuBi 5 S 4: The first find in Transbaikalia. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 420, No. 1, pp. 576-579). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
      • Úhorná (Ahorn)
Pršek, J., & Peterec, D. (2008). Bi-Se-Te mineralization from Úhorná (Spišsko Gemerské Rudohorie Mts., Słovakia): A preliminary report. Mineralogia, 39(3), 87-103.
    • Košice Co.
      • Medzev (Metzenseifen)
Mikuš T., Bakos F. & Hönig S. (2019): Bismuth sulphosalts from the siderite–sulphidic and As-Co mineralization in Medzev area, Slovakia. Acta Geologica Slovaca, 11, 2, 91-102.
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rochovce (Rachensdorf)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
South Korea
  • Gangwon Province
    • Yeonwha
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 13 (1986) , No. 2 pp 65-74
  • Dalarna County
    • Falun
No reference listed
  • England
    • Devon
      • West Devon
        • Peter Tavy
          • Devon United Mines
UKJMM Vol.25 p.19; UKJMM Vol.29 p.49-52
  • Dnepropetrovsk Oblast
    • Ukrainian Shield
      • Sura greenstone belt
        • Solonivske ore field
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Wagner, T., & Stanley, C. J. (2007). Minerals of the system Bi–Te–Se–S related to the tetradymite archetype: review of classification and compositional variation. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(4), 665-708.
  • Odessa Oblast
    • Dnister-Bug domain
      • Savran-Sinistovska ore zone
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Wagner, T., & Stanley, C. J. (2007). Minerals of the system Bi–Te–Se–S related to the tetradymite archetype: review of classification and compositional variation. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(4), 665-708.
  • Navoiy
    • Central Kyzylkum Region
      • Zarafshan
        • Muruntau ore field
Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406
  • Kon Tum Province
    • Đắk Tô ore cluster
Vasiliev V.I., Borisenko A.S., Mortsev N.K., Khoa C.C., Fyong N.T. (2011) Jonassonite (AuBi5S4) from the Dakripen gold deposit in Vietnam // Geology of Ore Deposits, 2011.- 53.- 7.- 614-619.- ISSN 1075-7015.
  • Harare
Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 953-970.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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