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Ilsemannite

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Formula:
Mo3O8 · nH2O
Colour:
Black, blue-black, or blue; turns blue on exposure
Name:
After J.C. Ilsemann (1727-1822), a former Mining Commissioner at Clausthal, Harz, who published an early study of molybdenite (1787).
Note that there are numerous different and very complex heterovalent molybdenum oxide molecules forming amorphous blue substances. Most likely the "ilsemannites" at different localities, formed under different conditions, are not the same compound and may even be mixtures of several different compounds. Consequently "ilsemannite" does not really deserve mineral species status and may eventually turn out to be several different species when technology advances to when we can better characterize very thin amorphous films.

Ilsemannite was once thought to be responsible for the blue colour of "blue waters" of the Idaho Springs area, known to Indians, but it was later shown that rather more complex, up-to-200-metal-atoms compounds may be the cause.

See also the visually similar mourite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of IlsemanniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959), Questionable
4.FJ.15

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
J : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); corner-sharing octahedra
4.6.3.1

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
6 : Miscellaneous
7.15.4

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
15 : Oxides of Mo and W

Physical Properties of IlsemanniteHide

Colour:
Black, blue-black, or blue; turns blue on exposure

Chemical Properties of IlsemanniteHide

Formula:
Mo3O8 · nH2O
IMA Formula:
Mo3O8 · nH2O(?)

Crystallography of IlsemanniteHide

Morphology:
Earthy masses or crusts; as a stain or disseminated pigment.

Type Occurrence of IlsemanniteHide

Synonyms of IlsemanniteHide

Other Language Names for IlsemanniteHide

Simplified Chinese:蓝钼矿
Spanish:Ilsemannita
Traditional Chinese:蓝鉬矿

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Tugarinovite9 photos of Ilsemannite associated with Tugarinovite on mindat.org.
Jordisite7 photos of Ilsemannite associated with Jordisite on mindat.org.
Anhydrite6 photos of Ilsemannite associated with Anhydrite on mindat.org.
Mourite4 photos of Ilsemannite associated with Mourite on mindat.org.
Halotrichite3 photos of Ilsemannite associated with Halotrichite on mindat.org.
Iriginite3 photos of Ilsemannite associated with Iriginite on mindat.org.
Carnotite3 photos of Ilsemannite associated with Carnotite on mindat.org.
Quartz3 photos of Ilsemannite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Molybdenite3 photos of Ilsemannite associated with Molybdenite on mindat.org.
Rostite2 photos of Ilsemannite associated with Rostite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.FJ.05MeymaciteWO3 · 2H2OAmor.
4.FJ.05SidwilliteMoO3 · 2H2OMon.
4.FJ.10TungstiteWO3 · H2OOrth.
4.FJ.15HydrotungstiteWO3 · 2H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.15.1TugarinoviteMoO2Mon.
7.15.2MolybditeMoO3Orth.
7.15.3SidwilliteMoO3 · 2H2OMon.
7.15.5TungstiteWO3 · H2OOrth.
7.15.6HydrotungstiteWO3 · 2H2OMon.
7.15.7MeymaciteWO3 · 2H2OAmor.
7.15.8Alumotungstite2W2O6(H2O)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.15.9JixianitePb(W,Fe3+)2(O,OH)7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for IlsemanniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Höfer (1871), Jb. Min.: 566.
Horton (1916), US Bureau of Mines Bulletin 111: 15.
Schaller (1917), WashingtonAc Sc., Journal: 7: 417.
Hess (1923), USGS Bulletin 750A.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 603-604.
Staples, Lloyd William (1951), Ilsemannite and jordisite: American Mineralogist: 36: 609-614.
"Metal Oxide Nanowheels roll up into vesicles" -

Internet Links for IlsemanniteHide

Localities for IlsemanniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Etheridge Shire
      • Georgetown
Hurtig, N. C., Heinrich, C. A., Driesner, T., Herrmann, W., Wall, V., & Mathison, I. (2014). Fluid evolution and uranium (-Mo-F) mineralization at the Maureen Deposit (Queensland, Australia): unconformity-related hydrothermal ore formation with a source in the volcanic cover Sequence. Economic Geology, 109(3), 737-773.
    • Mareeba Shire
      • Bamford
No reference listed
  • Tasmania
    • Dorset municipality
      • Scottsdale district
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Austria (TL)
 
  • Carinthia
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Bleiberg District
Am Min 36 (1951), 609; G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
L. Kostelka: Der Karinthin, 31./32: 129-132 (1956)
Gerhard Niedermayr, Bleiberg, Bergbau - Geologie - Mineralien
      • Paternion
        • Rubland
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Lechtaler Alpen
        • Biberwier
Hanneberg, A., Simon, P. & Wolkersdorfer, C. (2009): Galmei und schöne Wulfenite: Der Blei-Zink-Bergbau rund um den Fernpaß in Tirol. Lapis 34 (4), 21-31; 54.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Caldas
        • Campo do Cercado
WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Chongzuo Prefecture
      • Daxin Co.
Min, M.-Z., Luo, X.-Z., Mao, S.-L., Zheng, D.-Y., and Shen, B.-P. (2002): Ore Geology Reviews 19(1/2), 79-93.
  • Hebei Province
    • Zhangjiakou Prefecture
      • Guyuan Co.
Dahlkamp, F.J. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156
Guangyin Shen (2011): Nonferrous Metals: Mining 63(2), 23-27
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Suxian District
Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Fuzhou Prefecture
      • Chongren Co.
        • Xiangshan Uranium ore field
Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156
      • Le'an Co.
        • Xiangshan Uranium ore field
          • Zoujiashan ore district
Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Trutnov (Trautenau)
        • Radvanice
Jirásek, J.: Thermal Changes of the Rocks in the Dump Pile of the Kateřina Colliery in Radvanice (Eastern Bohemia). Ostrava: VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, Institute of Geological Engineering - 541, 2001. 69 p.
    • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Krupka (Graupen)
Sejkora, J., Breiter, K.: Historický rudní revír Krupka, Krušné hory. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1999, roč. 7, s. 29-45.
Gabon
 
  • Haut-Ogooué Province
    • Franceville
J. Geffroy, J.A. Sarcia, J. Chervet : "Les Minéraux Uranifères Français", 1960, Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucléaires / Saclay - PUF.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Münstertal
        • Hof
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Bavaria
      • Bad Reichenhall
        • Inzell
          • Kienberg
Hegemann, F. (1949): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 1(5/6), 690-715; Lapis 9(1), 11-14 (1984)
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Altenberg
Mineralien-Welt, (2), 17-39.
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Freiberg District
        • Brand-Erbisdorf
          • Himmelsfürst Mine
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Schmiedeberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Guatemala
 
  • Quetzaltenango Department
    • El Palmar
(E. Nitta, M. Kimata, M. Hoshino, T. Echigo, S. Hamasaki, H. Shinohara, N. Nishida, T. Hatta, M. Shimizu (2006) “High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan.” –oral presentation at IMA meeting in Kobe.)
Indonesia
 
  • Java (Jawa)
    • Yogyakarta Province
(E. Nitta, M. Kimata, M. Hoshino, T. Echigo, S. Hamasaki, H. Shinohara, N. Nishida, T. Hatta, M. Shimizu (2006) “High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan.” –oral presentation at IMA meeting in Kobe.)
Imants Kavalieros (1994) Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 50, 479-491.
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Mishima village
F. Africano, G. Van Rompaey, A. Bernard, F. Le Guern (2002) Deposition of trace elements from high temperature gases of Satsuma-Iwojima volcano. Earth Planets Space 54, 275-286.
F. Africano, G. Van Rompaey, A. Bernard, F. Le Guern (2002) Deposition of trace elements from high temperature gases of Satsuma-Iwojima volcano. Earth Planets Space 54, 275-286.
F. Africano, G. Van Rompaey, A. Bernard, F. Le Guern (2002) Deposition of trace elements from high temperature gases of Satsuma-Iwojima volcano. Earth Planets Space 54, 275-286.
Field observations, Dr Amir Akhavan and Alfredo Petrov, 4-2014.
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Gómez Palacio
      • Sierra de Bermejillo
Panczner(1987):239.
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Moctezuma
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
Kiseleva, G. D., Kovalenker, V. A., Trubkin, N. V., Borisovsky, S. E., & Mokhov, A. V. (2008) RARE MINERALS OF In, Cd, Mo, AND W IN GOLD-BASE METAL VEINS OF THE BUGDAYA Au-Mo (W)-PORPHYRY DEPOSIT, EASTERN TRANSBAIKALIA RUSSIA. New Data on Minerals 43:13-22
        • Krasnokamensk
          • Strel'tsovskoe Mo-U ore field
P.M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
      • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
        • Iturup Island
(E. Nitta, M. Kimata, M. Hoshino, T. Echigo, S. Hamasaki, H. Shinohara, N. Nishida, T. Hatta, M. Shimizu (2006) “High-temperature sublimate minerals from Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyusyu, Southwestern Japan.” –oral presentation at IMA meeting in Kobe.) http://maurice.strahlen.org/kurilles/kurilles.htm
Slovenia
 
• Aleksander Rečnik (2010) Minerals of the lead and zinc ore deposit Mežica. Bode Vlg. & Jožef Stefan Institute. Ljubljana: 112 pp.
Terzic, S.B. (): Tallium and merccury in minerals from the Mezica dore eposit. Geologija, 15, 361-369
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal Province
    • uMgungundlovu District
      • Mpendle District
Minerals of South Africa
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
    • Zeravshan Range
      • Yagnob River
D.I.Belakovskiy data
P.M. Kartashov data; Belakovski D.I.. Die Mineralien der brennenden Kohlefloze von Ravat in Tadshikistan, Lapis, 1990, N 12 p.21-26. (in German); Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
UK
 
  • England
    • Co. Durham
      • Billingham
Raymond, L.R. (1959) Recent Secondary Minerals in the Billingham Anhydrite Mine. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 32, n° 245, 172-175.; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache Co.
      • Navajo Indian Reservation
        • Monument Valley
          • Yazzi Mesa
            • Monument No. 2 channel
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 258; Witkind, I.J. & R.E. Thaden (1963), Geology and uranium-vanadium deposits of the Monument Valley area, Apache and Navajo Cos., AZ: 117.
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 12:307]
          • Warren
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 258.
    • Coconino Co.
      • Cameron District
Williams, S. & Cesbron, F. P. (1995). Wupatkiite from the Cameron uranium district, Arizona, a new member of the halotrichite group. Mineralogical Magazine, 59, 553-556.; Bollin, E. M., & Kerr, P. F. (1958). Uranium mineralization near Cameron, Arizona. In Guidebook of the Black Mesa Basin, northern Arizona: New Mexico Geological Society, 9th Field Conference Society Guidebook (Vol. 9, pp. 161-168).
Keith (1970), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 182: 103-159, 202-289; Bollin & Kerr (1958), Guidebook for New Mexico Geol.Soc., 9th. Field Conference F.P. 164-168.
          • Huskon Mines
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 258.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 258.
      • South Rim
        • Orphan District
          • Grand Canyon Village
Gornitz, V. (2004), Grand Canyon Uranium: The Orphan Mine, Mineral News: 20(6): 7.
      • Vermillion Cliffs District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 258, 431; Petersen, R.G., et al (1959), An occurrence of rhenium associated with uraninite in Coconino Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 54: 254-267.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Death Valley
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: 7th edition: 604; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 227.
    • Kern Co.
Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp97-103
        • Miracle Hot Springs (Hobo Hot Springs)
Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report 1, 370 pp.: 330; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 79, 341.
Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report 1, 370 pp.: 333; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 341.
    • Shasta Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Gibson
Cook, C.W. (1922), A new occurrence of ilsemannite (Gibson, Shasta County, California): American Journal of Science, 5th. Series: 4: 50-52; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 186, 227; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 341.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Boulder Co. Tungsten District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Jamestown District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Idaho Springs District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Costilla Co.
      • McCarty Park Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Fremont Co.
      • Tallahassee Creek District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Quartz Creek District
        • Gold Hill Cumberland Pass
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 289
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 289
    • Jackson Co.
      • Northgate District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Foothill District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Moffat Co.
      • Maybell District
        • Maybell Mines
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Saguache Co.
      • Cochetopa District (Cochetopa Creek District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp97-103
    • San Juan Co.
      • Elk Park
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Lower San Miguel District
        • Placerville District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Teller Co.
      • Cripple Creek District
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Bootstrap District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Tule Canyon District
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
NBMG Bull 78 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Esmeralda County, Nevada; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Buffalo Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Osgood Mts
        • Potosi District
          • Adam Peak
[MinRec 16:20]; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Potosi District
        • Adam Peak
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
    • Mineral Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Brovard
NBMG Open File Report 79-3
    • Nye Co.
      • San Antonio Mts
        • San Antone District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
    • Storey Co.
      • Comstock District
Ken Coleman Collection
    • Washoe Co.
      • Freds Mountain District
NBMG Bull 70 Geology and Mineral Resources of Washoe and Storey Counties, Nevada; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; NBMG Open File Report 79-3
  • New Mexico
    • Luna Co.
      • Cooks Peak District (Cooke's Peak District)
Ramon S. DeMark; Dr. Virgil W Lueth; Abstract, "A New Mexico Occurrence of sidwillite and other molybdenum minerals", 37th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium
    • McKinley Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
        • Ambrosia Lake Sub-district
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
  • Oregon
    • Harney Co.
      • Pueblo District (Denio District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Lake Co.
      • Lakeview
Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology NBMG Open-File Report 96-3 By Stephen B. Castor, Christopher D. Henry, Lisa A. Shevenell
  • South Dakota
    • Fall River Co.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    • Pennington Co.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    • Shannon Co.
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Texas
    • Culberson Co.
      • Sierra Diablo
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    • Karnes Co.
Smith, A.E. (1991), Texas Mineral Locations Index, Rocks & Min.: 66(3).
U.S. Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System :U.S. Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
U.S. Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System :U.S. Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
MINERALS OF THE KARNES URANIUM DISTRICT-THE FRANKLIN OF TEXAS Alan J. Cherepon, http://www.wma-minelife.com/uranium/papers/karnes.htm
    • Live Oak Co.
U.S. Geological Survey,2005,Mineral Resources Data System :U.S. Geological Survey,Reston, Virginia
  • Utah
    • Grand Co.
      • La Sal Mts
        • North Mountain
          • La Sal District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Piute Co.
Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp97-103
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • San Juan Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Elk Ridge
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
          • Notch Mines
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Fry Canyon [town]
USGS Bull 1125
        • White Canyon
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; USGS TEI #514; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp263-279
    • Sevier Co.
      • Gold Mountain District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Uintah Co.
      • Ouray
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Wyoming
    • Carbon Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:383
    • Fremont Co.
      • Gas Hills District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
www.excaliburmineral.com; U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp361-370.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Natrona Co.
      • East Gas Hills District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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