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Inderite

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Formula:
MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Colour:
Colourless, white, pink; colourless in transmitted light
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly, Dull
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
1.8
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
After the type locality, the Inder Lake, Kazakhstan.
Dimorph of:
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of InderiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
6.CA.15

6 : BORATES
C : Triborates
A : Neso-triborates
26.3.1.3

26 : HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : Triborates
9.2.11

9 : Borates
2 : Borates of Be and Mg

Physical Properties of InderiteHide

Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly, Dull
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Pearly on cleavages.
Colour:
Colourless, white, pink; colourless in transmitted light
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010} perfect; on {110} good.
Density:
1.8 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.794 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of InderiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.488 nβ = 1.491 nγ = 1.505
2V:
Measured: 37° , Calculated: 52°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.017
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak r > v

Chemical Properties of InderiteHide

Formula:
MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O

Crystallography of InderiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.025 Å, b = 13.1145(13) Å, c = 6.8221(3) Å
β = 104.49°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.917 : 1 : 0.52
Unit Cell V:
1,041.64 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals tabular with two pinacoidal cleavages (California); acicular, in reniform nodular aggregates (Inder Lake); prismatic (artificial).

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of InderiteHide

Synonyms of InderiteHide

Other Language Names for InderiteHide

Relationship of Inderite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
InderboriteCaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m
KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
SolongoiteCa2(H3B3O7)(OH)ClMon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Ulexite10 photos of Inderite associated with Ulexite on mindat.org.
Canavesite5 photos of Inderite associated with Canavesite on mindat.org.
Dypingite4 photos of Inderite associated with Dypingite on mindat.org.
Kurnakovite4 photos of Inderite associated with Kurnakovite on mindat.org.
Hematite1 photo of Inderite associated with Hematite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

6.CA.10AmeghiniteNa(H4B3O7)Mon.
6.CA.20KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
6.CA.25InderboriteCaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
6.CA.30MeyerhofferiteCa2(H3B3O7)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
6.CA.35InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m
6.CA.40SolongoiteCa2(H3B3O7)(OH)ClMon.
6.CA.45Peprossiite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Al3O)2/3B4O10Hex. 6 m2 : P62m
6.CA.50NifontoviteCa3B6O6(OH)12(H2O)2Mon.
6.CA.55OlshanskyiteCa2[B3O3(OH)6](OH) · 3H2O

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

26.3.1.1InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m
26.3.1.2InderboriteCaMg(H3B3O7)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

9.2.1HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.2.2SuaniteMg2[B2O5]Mon.
9.2.3KotoiteMg3[BO3]2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.2.4SzaibélyiteMgBO2(OH)Mon.
9.2.5PreobrazhenskiteMg3B11O15(OH)9Orth.
9.2.6AksaiteMg[B6O7(OH)6] · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.2.7WightmaniteMg5(BO3)O(OH)5 · 2H2OMon.
9.2.8PinnoiteMg[B2O(OH)6]Tet. 4/m : P42/m
9.2.9KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.2.10HalurgiteMg2[B4O7]2 · 5H2OMon.
9.2.12HungchaoiteMg(B4O7) · 9H2OTric. 1
9.2.13AdmontiteMgB6O10 · 7H2OMon.
9.2.14McallisteriteMg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
9.2.15RivadaviteNa6Mg[B6O7(OH)6]4 · 10H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.2.16KaliboriteKMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.2.17IquiqueiteK3Na4Mg(CrO4)B24O39(OH) · 12H2OHex.

Other InformationHide

IR Spectrum:
Boron Open Pit material [cm-1]: 3625, 3580, 3470s, 3435s, 3360s, 3260s, 3060sh, 2940sh, 1705sh, 1685, 1650w, 1449, 1405s, 1350s, 1280, 1260sh, 1179, 1134, 1047s, 999s, 870s, 802, 748, 675sh, 657, 620sh, 583, 568, 487w, 347w
Notes:
Insoluble in water. Readily soluble in warm, dilute HCl.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for InderiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Boldyreva and Egorova (1937) Mat. Centr. Sc. Geol. Prosp. Inst. U.S.S.R. Gen. Ser., no. 2.
Boldyreva (1937) Mineralogicheskoe Obshchestvo, Leningrad, Zapiski: 66: 651.
Feigelson, Grushvitsky, and Korobochkina (1939) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S.: 22: 242.
Nikolaev and Chelishcheva (1940) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S.: 28: 127.
Heinrich (1946) American Mineralogist: 31: 71.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 360-361.
Frondel, C., et al (1956), Lesserite, a new borate mineral, American Mineralogist: 41: 927-928.
Rumanova, I.M. and Ashirov, A. (1964) The determination of the crystal structure of inderite. Soviet Physics-Crystallography: 8: 414-428.
Acta Crystallographica (1976): B32: 1329-1333.
Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2003) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume V. Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 813pp.: 323.
Chukanov, N.V. (2014): Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library. Springer (Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy), vol. 1, Dordrecht, 1726 pp.

Internet Links for InderiteHide

Localities for InderiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Salta
    • Los Andes department
      • Salar del Hombre Muerto
Alonso, R. N. (1999). On the origin of La Puna borates. Acta geológica hispánica, 34(2), 141-166.; CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
      • Sijes
Galliski, M.A., Cooper, M.A., Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., and Hawthorne, F.C. (2010) Alfredstelznerite: a new calcium borate hydrate from Santa Rosa mine, Salta, northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 123-128
China
 
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Ngari Prefecture
      • Gê'gyai Co. (Geji Co.)
Xiyu Zheng and Shengsong Yu (1981): Scientia Geographica Sinica 1(1), 66-76; Mianping Zheng and Wengao Liu (1982): Geological Review 28(3), 263-266; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Xifang Liu and Mianping Zheng (2010): Acta Geologica Sinica 89(11), 1601-1612; Mianping Zheng and Xifang Liu (2010): Acta Geologica Sinica 84(11), 1585-1600
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Léssolo
          • Cálea
M.E. Ciriotti (2006) EDX probed
Kazakhstan
 
  • Atyrau Province (Atyrau Oblysy; Atyrau Oblast')
    • Atyrau (Gur'yev)
World of Stones #1; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
        • Mt Kzyl-tau
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Polar Yakutia
        • Dogdo River Basin
          • Tas-Khayakhtakh Range
http://maurice.strahlen.org/yakutia/yakutia.htm
Turkey
 
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Eskişehir Province
      • Kirka
CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, Vol. 9, 2000, pp. 1-27; http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/T%FCrkei/Eskisehir/Kirka/Sarikaya; Baysal, O. (1972) : A mineralogical study and genesis of Sarıkaya (Kırka) borate deposits. Hacettepe University, Ankara.
USA
 
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Furnace Creek District (Furnace Creek Borate District; Death Valley Area Borate Deposits; Ryan area)
        • Ryan
Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and A.C. Vlisidis (1970) Wardsmithite 5CaO • MgO •12B2O3 •30H2O, a new borate mineral from the Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 55: 349-357; Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister, and G.D. Eberlein (1979) New data on hungchaoite, the second world occurrence, Death Valley region, California. American Mineralogist: 64: 369-375; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols.
    • Kern Co.
      • Kramer District (Kramer Borate District)
www.mineralsocal.org
Frondel, Clifford & V. Morgen (1956), Inderite and gerstleyite from the Kramer borate district, Kern County, California: American Mineralogist: 41: 839-843; Frondel, Clifford, V. Morgan & J.L.T. Waugh (1956), Lesserite, a new borate mineral American Mineralogist: 41: 927-928; Schaller, Waldemar Theodore & Mary Emma Mrose (1960), The naming of the hydrous magnesium borate minerals from Boron, California – a preliminary note: American Mineralogist: 45: 732-734; Rumanova, I.M. and Ashirov, A. (1964) The determination of the crystal structure of inderite. Soviet Physics-Crystallography: 8: 414-428; Bowser, C.J. (1965a), Geochemistry and petrology of the sodium borates in the non-marine evaporative environment: Unpublished Ph.. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 307 pp.: 49-50; Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 150-152; Razmanova, .P., Rumanova, I.M., and Belov, N.V. (1970) Crystal structure of kurnakovite Mg2B6O11•15H2O = 2Mg[B3O3(OH)5]•5H2O. Soviet Physics, Doklady: 14: 1139; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 240.
Minerals Notes and News (1948), Inderite discovered at Boron: Mineral Notes & News Bulletin 127: 12; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 227-228.
American Mineralogist 41 (1956), 839-843
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 227-228.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 228.
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