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Iowaite

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Formula:
Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
Colour:
bluish green
Lustre:
Greasy
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.11
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
For the state of the type locality
Hydrotalcite Group. Chemically similar to kuliginite, which however is anhydrous.

Bluish green, becoming pale green with a rusty red tint on exposure to air (alteration to pyroaurite).



Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of IowaiteHide

Approved
4.FL.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
L : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
6.4.5.1

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
4 : Miscellaneous
8.11.8

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
11 : Halides of Fe and Ni

Physical Properties of IowaiteHide

Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
bluish green
Streak:
white
Hardness:
1½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect basal cleavage
Density:
2.11(2) g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of IowaiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.543 - 1.561 nε = 1.533 - 1.543
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.010 - 0.018
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low

Chemical Properties of IowaiteHide

Formula:
Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O

Crystallography of IowaiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.119(5) Å, c = 24.25(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 7.775
Unit Cell V:
204.30 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:
Call parameters from powder diffraction data

Occurrences of IowaiteHide

Paragenetic Mode(s):

Type Occurrence of IowaiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Platy crystals 2-3mm in size
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Altered serpentinite in precambrian basement

Synonyms of IowaiteHide

Other Language Names for IowaiteHide

German:Iowait
Spanish:Iowaita

Varieties of IowaiteHide

Chromian IowaiteIowaite with significant replacement of Fe3+ by Cr3+ transitive to Woodallite.

Relationship of Iowaite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
DesautelsiteMg6Mn3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m)
DroninoiteNi6Fe2+3(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
MeixneriteMg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
PyroauriteMg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
ReevesiteNi6Fe3+2(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2OTrig.
StichtiteMg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig.
WoodalliteMg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Magnetite8 photos of Iowaite associated with Magnetite on mindat.org.
Valleriite7 photos of Iowaite associated with Valleriite on mindat.org.
Calcite6 photos of Iowaite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Fluorapatite4 photos of Iowaite associated with Fluorapatite on mindat.org.
Lizardite2 photos of Iowaite associated with Lizardite on mindat.org.
Gypsum1 photo of Iowaite associated with Gypsum on mindat.org.
Brucite1 photo of Iowaite associated with Brucite on mindat.org.
Pentlandite1 photo of Iowaite associated with Pentlandite on mindat.org.
Woodallite1 photo of Iowaite associated with Woodallite on mindat.org.
Muscovite1 photo of Iowaite associated with Muscovite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.FL.TrébeurdeniteFe2+2Fe3+4O2(OH)10CO3·3H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.05WoodalliteMg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig.
4.FL.05JamboriteNi2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.05MeixneriteMg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.05MuskoxiteMg7Fe4O13 · 10H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m)
4.FL.05FougèriteFe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.10HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
4.FL.15KuzeliteCa4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2OTrig.
4.FL.20Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : R3
4.FL.20Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : R3
4.FL.20ErnienickeliteNiMn3O7 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : R3
4.FL.20Jianshuiite(Mg,Mn,Ca)Mn3O7 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : R3
4.FL.25WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2·yH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
4.FL.30Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2OHex.
4.FL.35BuseriteNa4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
4.FL.40Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2OTrig. 3 : P3
4.FL.40Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2OHex.
4.FL.45Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
4.FL.55CianciulliiteMn(Mg,Mn)2Zn2(OH)10 · 2-4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
4.FL.60JenseniteCu3[TeO6] · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
4.FL.65LeisingiteCuMg2Te6+O6 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : P3
4.FL.70Akdalaite5Al2O3 · H2OHex.
4.FL.75CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
4.FL.80MouriteUMo5O12(OH)10Mon.
4.FL.85DeloryiteCu4(UO2)(MoO4)2(OH)6Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.11.1MolysiteFeCl3Hex.
8.11.2HydromolysiteFeCl3 · 6H2O
8.11.3RokühniteFeCl2 · 2H2OMon.
8.11.4DouglasiteK2[Fe2+Cl4(OH2)2]Mon.
8.11.5ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.11.6RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
8.11.7Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.11.9NickelbischofiteNiCl2 · 6H2OMon.
8.11.10Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for IowaiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kohls D W, Rodda, J L (1967) Iowaite, a new hydrous magnesium hydroxide-ferric oxychloride from the Precambrian of Iowa. American Mineralogist 52, 1261-1271
Allmann R, Donnay J D H (1969) About the structure of iowaite. American Mineralogist 54, 296-299
Braithwaite R S W, Dunn P J, Pritchard R G, Paar W H (1994) Iowaite, a re-investigation. Mineralogical Magazine 58, 79-85
Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Genin, J.-M.R., Kameda, T., Colombo, F. (2012): Nomenclature of the hydrotalcite supergroup: natural layered double hydroxides. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1289-1336.

Internet Links for IowaiteHide

Localities for IowaiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Lake Way Station
Disseminated and Massive Nickel Sulphide Deposits,Honeymoon Well Complex, Western Australia; M Gole and M Woodhouse, Journal of the Virtual Explorer; ISSN 1441-8142 Vol 1 paper 2, 2000
Grguric, B.A., Seat, Z., Karpuzov, A.A., Simonov, O.N. (2013) The West Jordan deposit, a newly-discovered Type 2 dunite-hosted nickel sulphide system in the northern Agnew-Wiluna Belt, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, Vol. 51, pg. 79-92
      • Mount Keith
[AmMin 87:182]
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Estrie
      • Les Sources RCM
        • Asbestos
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. and SPERTINI, F. (2013) The Jeffrey mine, Asbestos, Québec, Canada: A mineralogical review. Mineralogical Record, 44, 375-417.
Pacific Ocean
 
  • Mariana forearc
Dietrich Heling and Alexander Schwarz (1992) IOWAITE IN SERPENTINITE MUDS AT SITES 778, 779, 780, AND 784: A POSSIBLE CAUSE FOR THE LOW CHLORINITY OF PORE WATERS. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol. 125
Poland
 
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Upper Silesian Coal Basin
      • Rybnik Coal Area
        • Radlin
Łukasz Kruszewski (2012) Unique chloride assemblage of exhalative origin from burning coal-mining dump in Radlin (Rybnik Coal Area, S Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers 40
    • Zawiercie District
Koszowska E., Salata D. 2001: Minerals of the hydrotalcite group in metasomatically altered carbonate rocks from Zawiercie, S Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 32, no 1, 69-84
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Zheleznogorsk (Korshunikha)
Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.; Mazurov et al (2007) Geology of Ore Deposits, 49, 271–284.
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field
        • Daldyn
Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Handbook of Mineralogy; Evseev, A. A. (1973) Siberia's Crystals and Symmetry in the Distribution of Occurences of Minerals. World of Stone 1:11-20
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
      • Ust'-Koksa district
Igor V. Pekov data
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Phalaborwa
      • Loolekop
Minerals of South Africa; Braithwaite, R. S. W., Dunn, P. J., Pritchard, R. G., & Parr, W. H. (1994). Iowaite, a reinvestigation. Mineralogical Magazine, 58(390), 77-86.; Gliddon, J. (1996) Minerals of the Palabora open pit. British Micromount Society 43:2-7
USA (TL)
 
  • Iowa
    • Sioux Co.
American Mineralogist: 52: 1261-1271.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
Handbook of Mineralogy
Mineral and/or Locality  
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