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Isoferroplatinum

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About IsoferroplatinumHide

Formula:
Pt3Fe
Hardness:
5
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
Named for the ISOmetric crystal system, the Latin for iron (FERRum) and PLATINUM.
Compare 'UM1984-18-E:FeNiPt'. Possibly the Pt analogue of the (Pd-dominant) UM2004-16-E:FePd (?).


Classification of IsoferroplatinumHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1974
First Published:
1975
Approval History:
IMA1974-012a
1.AG.35

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
G : PGE-metal alloys
Dana 7th ed.:
1.2.6.1
1.2.5.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
1.85

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Pronounciation of IsoferroplatinumHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of IsoferroplatinumHide

Hardness:

Optical Data of IsoferroplatinumHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of IsoferroplatinumHide

Formula:
Pt3Fe
Common Impurities:
Ir,Os,Ru,Rh,Ni

Crystallography of IsoferroplatinumHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.86 Å
Unit Cell V:
57.51 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of IsoferroplatinumHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Unknown
Reference:
Cabri, L.J., Feather, C.E. (1975) Platinum-iron alloys: a nomenclature based on a study of natural and synthetic alloys. Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 117-126.

Synonyms of IsoferroplatinumHide

Other Language Names for IsoferroplatinumHide

Simplified Chinese:等轴铁铂矿
Traditional Chinese:等軸鐵鉑礦

Varieties of IsoferroplatinumHide

Iridian isoferroplatinumIsoferroplatinum with Ir content 8 wt.% and more.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Isoferroplatinum associated with Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
4 photos of Isoferroplatinum associated with Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
4 photos of Isoferroplatinum associated with TulameenitePt2CuFe
3 photos of Isoferroplatinum associated with LauriteRuS2
2 photos of Isoferroplatinum associated with Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
2 photos of Isoferroplatinum associated with Ruthenium(Ru,Ir)
2 photos of Isoferroplatinum associated with Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
2 photos of Isoferroplatinum associated with ZvyagintsevitePd3Pb
1 photo of Isoferroplatinum associated with Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1 photo of Isoferroplatinum associated with Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AG.05Hexaferrum(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AG.05Garutiite(Ni,Fe,Ir)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AG.10Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AG.10Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AG.10ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3n
1.AG.15Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.AG.15Tatyanaite(Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4Orth.
1.AG.20PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.AG.25PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.AG.25Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.AG.30CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.AG.35ChengdeiteIr3FeIso.
1.AG.40FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.AG.40TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.AG.40TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.AG.45HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.AG.45SkaergaarditePdCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AG.50YixunitePt3InIso.
1.AG.55DamiaoitePtIn2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AG.60NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.AG.65BortnikovitePd4Cu3ZnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.AG.70NielsenitePdCu3Tet.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.2.5.2Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2.5.3Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2.5.4ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3n
1.2.5.5ChengdeiteIr3FeIso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag,Hg)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFeIso.
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3n
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for IsoferroplatinumHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Cabri, L.J., Feather, C.E. (1975) Platinum-iron alloys: a nomenclature based on a study of natural and synthetic alloys. Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 117-126.
Begizov, V.D., Borisenko, L.F., Uskov, Y.D. (1975) Sulfides and natural solid solutions of platinum metals from ultramafic rocks of the Gusevogorskii pluton, Urals. Doklady Acad. Nauk SSSR: 225: 1408–1411 (in Russian).
Fleischer, M., Chao, G.Y., Mandarino, J.A. (1976) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 61: 338-341.
Cabri, L.J., Ed. (1981) Platinum group elements: mineralogy, geology, recovery. Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy: 113–114.
Zhernovsky, I.V., Mochalov, A.G., Rudashevsky, N.S. (1985) Phase inhomogeneity of isoferroplatinum enriched in iron. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 283: 196-200 (in Russian).
Stone, W.E., Fleet, M.E. (1990) Platinum-iron alloy (Pt3Fe) in kimberlite from Fayette County, Pennsylvania. American Mineralogist: 75: 881-885.
Criddle, A.J., Stanley, C.J., Eds. (1993) Quantitative data file for ore minerals, 3rd ed. Chapman & Hall, London, 260.
Cabri, L.J., Harris, D.C., Weiser, T.W. (1996) Mineralogy and distribution of platinum-group mineral (PGM) placer deposits of the world. Exploration and Mining Geology: 5: 73-167.
Distler, V.V., Bityutskaya, L.A., Kryachko, V.V., Yudovskaya, M.A., Grechkina, M.V., Bogatikov, E.V. (2006) The nanoblock structure of natural isoferroplatinum and problem of quasicrystalline state of some platinum group minerals. Doklady, Russian Academy of Science, Earth Sciences: 407(2): 335-338.
Parman, S.W., Diercks, D.R., Gorman, B.P., Cooper, R.F. (2015) Atom probe tomography of isoferroplatinum. American Mineralogist: 100: 852-860.
Mitchell, R.H., Welch, M.D., Chakhmouradian, A.R. (2017) Nomenclature of the perovskite supergroup: A hierarchical system of classification based on crystal structure and composition. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 411-461.

Internet Links for IsoferroplatinumHide

Localities for IsoferroplatinumHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Albania
 
  • Kukës County
    • Tropoja ophiolitic Massif
http://www.env.duke.edu/faculty/boudreau/9thPtSymposium/Boshnjaku_Abstract.pdf
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
    • Sierra Leone fracture zone
      • Markov Deep
Sharkov, E.V., Abramov, S.S., Simonov, V.A., Krinov, D.I., Skolotnev, S.G., Bel’tenev, V.E., and Bortnikov, N.S. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 467-486.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Canbelego Co.
      • Miandetta
Gilligan, L.B., Byrnes, J.G. (1995) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000 (SH/55-14), Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 240 pages.
    • Kennedy Co.
Webb, K. (2014). The age and tectonometallogenic setting of the Fifield “Alaskan-type” intrusive suite, Lachlan Orogen, NSW. NSW., Bachelor of Science (Honours), School of Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong.
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Johan, Z., Ohnenstetter, M., Slansky, E., Barron, L.M., Suppel, D. (1989) Platinum mineralization in the Alaskan-type intrusive complexes near Fifield, New South Wales, Australia. Part 1. Platinum-group minerals in clinopyroxenites of the Kelvin Grove prospect, Owendale intrusion. Mineralogy and Petrology, 40:4, 289-309.
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Carlo Tortorella; Webb, K. (2014). The age and tectonometallogenic setting of the Fifield “Alaskan-type” intrusive suite, Lachlan Orogen, NSW. NSW., Bachelor of Science (Honours), School of Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of Wollongong.
    • Richmond Co.
      • Evans Head
G. A. Albertson Data
    • Rous Co.
G. A. Albertson Data
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Leoben District
      • Sankt Stefan ob Leoben
Melcher+Mali (1998)
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Curionópolis
Villas, R.N., and Dias Santos, M. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 300-331; Berni, G. V., Heinrich, C. A., Lobato, L. M., Wall, V. J., Rosière, C. A., & Freitas, M. A. (2014). The Serra Pelada Au-Pd-Pt Deposit, Carajás, Brazil: Geochemistry, Mineralogy, and Zoning of Hydrothermal Alteration. Economic Geology, 109(7), 1883-1899.
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Province
Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
  • Burgas Province
    • Kameno
Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Similkameen Mining Division
      • Princeton
        • Similkameen River
Alfredo Petrov collection
      • Tulameen
In the collection of Brent Thorne. Microprobe analyzed by Cureton Minerals.
      • Tulameen River
Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Canadian Mineralogist (1975): 13: 117-126; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Cardwell Parish
Canadian Mineralogist 45, 775; Grammatikopoulos, T.A., Hiebert, R.S., Barr, S.M. and Valeyev, O., (2006) Cu-Ni-PGM Mineralization In The Mechanic Settlement Pluton, Southern New Brunswick, Canada. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 31
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
Mcdonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Stanley, C.J., Good, D.J., Redpath, J., Lane, G., Spratt, J. & Ames, D.E. (2015) Coldwellite, Pd3Ag2S, a new mineral species from the Marathon deposit, Coldwell complex, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 1-13.
Good, D. J., Cabri, L. J., & Ames, D. E. (2017). PGM facies variations for Cu-PGE deposits in the Coldwell Alkaline Complex, Ontario, Canada. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 748-771.
      • Seeley Lake Area
EcoMetrix Reort for Stillwater Canada Inc, Marathon Project (2012) Table 4.1-3
Good, D. J., Cabri, L. J., & Ames, D. E. (2017). PGM facies variations for Cu-PGE deposits in the Coldwell Alkaline Complex, Ontario, Canada. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 748-771.; Cao, Y. (2017). Cu-Pd mineralization and exploration geochemistry of the Eastern Gabbro, Coldwell Alkaline Complex, ON, Canada. PhD thesis, University of Western Ontario
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2001NE/finalprogram/abstract_2302.htm.
          • Black Lake
Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
Fedortchouk, Y., LeBarge, W., Barkov, A.Y., Fedele, L. and Bodnar, R.J., 2010. Major- and trace-element composition of platinum group minerals and their inclusions from several Yukon placers. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2009, K.E. MacFarlane, L.H. Weston and L.R. Blackburn (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 185-196.
    • Whitehorse mining district
      • Kluane District
Yana Fedortchouk, William LeBarge, Andrei Y. Barkov, Luca Fedele, Robert J. Bodnar, and Robert F. Martin (2010) Platinum-group minerals from a placer deposit in Burwash Creek, Kluane area, Yukon Territory, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist (June 2010), 48(3):583-596
Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., and Martin, R.F. (2002) Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 651-669.
China
 
  • Hebei
    • Chengde
      • Chengde County
        • Gaositai
Zuxiang Yu (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(1), 1-4; Zuxiang Yu (1995): Acta Geologica Sinica 69(3), 215-220
Dianhao Huang, Keqiao Chen, Chengyu Wu, and Shimei Yu (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(3), 312-316
  • Tibet
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Amdo Co. (Anduo Co.)
        • Dongqiao ophiolite (Donqiao ophiolite)
Xuecui Zhou and Shuihe Mao (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(3), 257-261
  • Yunnan
    • Dali
      • Midu County
Huanbin Song, Mingqin He, Shangzhong Zhang, and Fenghuang Yi (2008): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 27, 104-108.
Colombia
 
  • Chocó Department
    • Condoto Municipality
Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.; Tistl, M. (1994). Geochemistry of platinum-group elements of the zoned ultramafic Alto Condoto complex, northwest Colombia. Economic Geology, 89(1), 158-167.
    • Riosucio Municipality
Robert C. Smith, II, Ph.D., P.G. My collection. Quantitative SEM/EDS. Purchased David Burgess collection
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Kruuse Fjord
Economic Geology Vol. 92, 1997, pp 490-501
Ecuador
 
  • Esmeraldas Province
Weiser, T. and Schmidt-Thome, M. (1993) Platinum-group minerals from the Santiago river, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador. Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 61-73.
Ethiopia
 
  • Oromia Region
    • Gimbi
Mogessie et al. (2009): Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 108. (Abs.); Kebede H. Belete, Aberra Mogessie and , John F.W. Bowles Platinum-Group Minerals in the Alaskan Type Mafic-Ultramafic Intrusions of the Yubdo Area, Western Ethiopia. 9th Platinum symposium
C. J. Stanley et al.: Mineralogical Magazine 69(4):447-453 (2005)
Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., Laflamme, J. H. G., Bearne, G. S., & Harris, D. C. (1981). Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bulletin de Mineralogie, 104(4), 508-525.
Finland
 
Törroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kar, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper
    • Enontekiö
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland; Kojonen, K. K., Tarkian, M., Roberts, A. C., Törnroos, R., & Heidrich, S. (2007). Miessiite, Pd11Te2Se2, a new mineral species from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(5), 1221-1227.; Kari Kojonen (2012) PGE ore potential in the southwestern granulite belt of Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 207 pp 64-67
Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
    • Inari
      • Ivalojoki
Kari Kojonen (2012) PGE ore potential in the southwestern granulite belt of Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 207 pp 64-67
      • Lemmenjoki
Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
Kojonen, K., Tarkian, M., Heidrich, S. & Johanson, B. (2014) Placer Platinum-group Minerals from Sotajoki River, Inari, Finland. 12th International Platinum Symposium p259
    • Sodankylä
      • Kevitsansarvi (Keivitsansarvi)
Mutanen, T. 1997. Geology and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusion and the Keivitsa- Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 395, 233 p.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Ain
      • Belley
        • Murs-et-Gélignieux
Ducluzaux, B. (2018). Conseils pour identifier et trouver du platine en France. Le Règne Minéral 143, 23-24.
      • Bourg-en-Bresse
        • Lescheroux
Bruno Ducluzaux Collection
  • New Caledonia
    • Southern Province
      • Mont-Dore Commune
        • Ouen Island
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in chromitite schlieren from the ouen island, new caledonia ophiolite
      • Pirogues River
Economic Geology: 89: 1454-1468; (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p287; Auge, T., & Maurizot, P. (1995). Stratiform and alluvial platinum mineralization in New Caledonia ophiolite complex. The Canadian Mineralogist, 33(5), 1023-1045.
      • Yaté Commune
Auge, T., & Maurizot, P. (1995). Stratiform and alluvial platinum mineralization in New Caledonia ophiolite complex. The Canadian Mineralogist, 33(5), 1023-1045.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Bouches-du-Rhône
      • Aix-en-Provence
        • Peyrolles-en-Provence
Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. ; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64; La durance: Minéraux du Groupe du Platine, autres minéraux et composants lourds des aluvions, Cahier des Micromonteurs n°140 (2018)
      • Port-Saint-Louis-du-Rhône
Bruno Ducluzaux Collection
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Regen District
        • Zwiesel
DILL, H.G., WEBER, B. and STEYER, G. (2011): Isoferroplatinum aus fluviatilen Seifen im Kolbersbach bei Zwiesel (Bayerischer Wald). Geologische Blätter Nordost-Bayern, 61, 57-64.
India
 
  • Odisha
    • Keonjhar District
Canadian Mineralogist 40:277-309
Augé, T., Bailly, L., Cocherie, A., Genna, A., Guerrot, C., Lerouge, C., ... & Patra, R. N. (2002, July). Magmatic and Hydrothermal Platinum-Group Element Mineralization in the Baula Area, Orissa, India. In Proceedings of the 9th International Platinum Symposium (pp. 21-24).
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Kamikawa Subprefecture
Urashima et al (1982) Reports of the Faculty of Science, Kagoshima University, 31, 129-140.
      • Uryu District
        • Uryugawa
Excalibur Mineral Co. specimens and analyses.
  • Kumamoto Prefecture
    • Shimomashiki District
      • Misato
Dr Daisuke Nishio-Hamane, SEM analysis, University of Tokyo Electron Microprobe Section.
Madagascar
 
  • Atsinanana
    • Antanambao Manampotsy
Legendre, O., and Augé, T. (1992): Alluvial platinum-group minerals from the Manampotsy area, east Madagascar. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 39, 389-404
Augé, T. & Legendre, O. (1992): Pt-Fe nuggets from alluvial deposits in eastern Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 983-1004; Legendre, O., & Augé, T. (1992). Alluvial platinum‐group minerals from the Manampotsy area, East Madagascar. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 39(3), 389-404.
Mongolia
 
  • Uvs Province
Oyunchimeg, T., Izokh, A.E., Vishnevsky, A.V., and Kalugin, V.M. (2009): Russian Geology and Geophysics 50(10), 863-872.
Oyunchimeg, T., Izokh, A.E., Vishnevsky, A.V., and Kalugin, V.M. (2009): Russian Geology and Geophysics 50(10), 863-872.
New Zealand
 
  • Southland Region
    • Southland District
      • Catlins Coast
http://www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf
www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf.
Local council Site Signage, pers. visit Kim Macdonald. Several photos under Orepuki Mindat heading of specimens from the beach. Several photographs of the sign appear on Google under images for 'gemstone beach'.
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Craw, D., Kerr, G., Reith, F., Falconer, D. (2015) Pleistocene paleodrainage and placer gold redistribution western Southland New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 58:2, 137-153.
  • Tasman Region
    • St. Arnaud
www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf.
Norway
 
  • Vestland
    • Vik
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (11998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
Philippines
 
  • Visayas
    • Eastern Visayas Region
      • Samar Island
Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Russia
 
  • Altai Republic
    • Turochaksky District
Nesterenko, G.V.; Zhmodik, S.M.; Belyanin, D.K.; Airiyants, E.V.; Karmanov, N.S. (2019) Micrometric Inclusions in Platinum-Group Minerals from Gornaya Shoria, Southern Siberia, Russia: Problems and Genetic Significance. Minerals 9, 327.
  • Bashkortostan
    • Uchalinsky District
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2018
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
[AmMin 84:195]; S.N. Britvin, N.S. Rudashevsky, A.N. Bogdanova, D.K. Shcherbachev (2001) Miassite Rh17S15, a new mineral from a placer of the Miass River, Urals. Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshch., 130(2), 41–45 (in Russian, English abs.).
Zaykov, V. V., Melekestseva, I. Y., Zaykova, E. V., Kotlyarov, V. A., & Kraynev, Y. D. (2017). Gold and platinum group minerals in placers of the South Urals: Composition, microinclusions of ore minerals and primary sources. Ore Geology Reviews, 85, 299-320.
Zaykov, V. V., Melekestseva, I. Y., Zaykova, E. V., Kotlyarov, V. A., & Kraynev, Y. D. (2017). Gold and platinum group minerals in placers of the South Urals: Composition, microinclusions of ore minerals and primary sources. Ore Geology Reviews, 85, 299-320.
  • Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
    • Bilibinsky District
      • Kolyma area
        • Bol'shoi Anyui River Basin
          • Baimka River
            • Aluchinskii Massif (Aluchin horst)
Gornostayev, S.S., Crocket, J.H., Mochalov, A.G., and Lajoki, K.V.O. (1999) The platinum-group minerals of the Baimka placer deposits, Aluchin horst, Russian Far East. Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 1117-1129.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Bodaibo
      • Lena Gold District
        • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
http://www.igem.ru/igem/chem/pt/sukhloge.htm
    • Uda–Biryusa district
Podlipsky, M. Y., Mekhonoshin, A. S., Tolstykh, N. D., Vishnevskiy, A. V., & Polyakov, G. V. (2015). Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Tartai massif, East Siberian metallogenic province. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(3), 172-196.
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Korf
      • Gal'moenan ultrabasic massif
Tolstykh N.D., Sidorov E.G., Kozlov A.P. (2004) Platinum-group minerals in lode and placier deposits associated with the Ural-Alaskan-type Gal'moenan complex, Koryak-Kamchatka Platinum Belt, Russia, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, p.2, pp. 619-630.
    • Koryak Upland (Koriak; Koriakskhiye)
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Tolstykh, N., Sidorov, E., & Kozlov, A. (2009). Platinum-group Minerals from the Olkhovaya–1 Placers Related to the Karaginsky Ophiolite Complex, Kamchatskiy Mys Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(5), 1057-1074.
Kutyrev, A. V., Sidorov, E. G., Antonov, A. V., & Chubarov, V. M. (2018). Platinum-group mineral assemblage of the Prizhimny Creek (Koryak Highland). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(8), 935-944.
Tolstykh, N.D., Sidorov, E., Laajoki, K., Krivenko, A., Podlipskiy, M. (2000) The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 1251-1264.
  • Kemerovo Oblast
Nesterenko, G. V., Zhmodik, S. M., Airiyants, E. V., Belyanin, D. K., Kolpakov, V. V., & Bogush, A. A. (2017). Colloform high-purity platinum from the placer deposit of Koura River (Gornaya Shoriya, Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 91, 236-245.; Zhmodik, S. M., Nesterenko, G. V., Airiyants, E. V., Belyanin, D. K., Kolpakov, V. V., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Karmanov, N. S. (2016). Alluvial platinum-group minerals as indicators of primary PGE mineralization (placers of southern Siberia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 57(10), 1437-1464.; Nesterenko, G.V.; Zhmodik, S.M.; Belyanin, D.K.; Airiyants, E.V.; Karmanov, N.S. (2019) Micrometric Inclusions in Platinum-Group Minerals from Gornaya Shoria, Southern Siberia, Russia: Problems and Genetic Significance. Minerals 9, 327.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
[MinRec 31:201]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Shcheka G.G., Lehmann B., Gierth E., Gomann K., Wallianos A. (2004) Macrocrystals of Pt-Fe alloy from the Kondyor PGE placer deposit, Khabarovskiy kray, Russia: trace-element content, mineral inclusions and reaction assemblages, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, N2, pp. 601-617; Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/14099/EAE03-A-14099.pdf.
Barkov, A. Y., Shvedov, G. I., Silyanov, S. A., & Martin, R. F. (2018). Mineralogy of Platinum-Group Elements and Gold in the Ophiolite-Related Placer of the River Bolshoy Khailyk, Western Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(6), 247.
    • Lysanskiy dunite-peridotite-gabbro complex
Barkov, A., Shvedov, G., & Martin, R. (2018). PGE–(REE–Ti)-rich micrometer-sized inclusions, mineral associations, compositional variations, and a potential lode source of platinum-group minerals in the Sisim Placer Zone, Eastern Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(5), 181.
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Yermakovsky District
Barkov, A. Y., Tolstykh, N. D., Shvedov, G. I., & Martin, R. F. (2018). Ophiolite-related associations of platinum-group minerals at Rudnaya, western Sayans, and Miass, southern Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-32.
  • Murmansk Oblast
Gabov, D. A. (2010). PGE and Au minerals from the low-sulfide ore of the Pana Tundra Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 624-629.
Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
    • Imandra layered complex (Imandrovsky layered intrusion)
Barkov, A.Y. and Fleet, M.E. (2004) An unusual association of hydrothermal platinum-group minerals from the Imandra layered complex, Kola Peninsula, northwestern Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 455-467.
    • Monche tundra intrusion
Chashchin, V. V., Petrov, S. V., & Drogobuzhskaya, S. V. (2018). Loypishnyun Low-Sulfide Pt–Pd Deposit of the Monchetundra Basic Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 60(5), 418-448.
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., & Mokhov, A. V. (2009). Assemblages and genesis of platinum-group minerals in low-sulfide ores of the Monchetundra deposit, Kola peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(6), 467-485.
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Khanka lake
Molchanov, V. P., & Medvedev, E. I. (2011). Features of chemistry natural gold nanotubes (Primor’ye). Materials, methods and technologies (CD-ROM), 5(2), 263-269
Shcheka G.G., Vrzhosek A.A., Lehmann B., Tolstykh N.D. (2004) Associations of platinum-group minerals from the Zolotaya gold placiers, Primorye, Russian Far East, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, pp. 583-599.
  • Republic of Karelia
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., Ganin, V. A., & Grinevich, N. G. (2005). PGE mineralization in the Burakovsk Layered Complex, Southern Karelia, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 47(4), 283.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Okrugin, A. V. (1998). Mineralogy, Types, and Origin of the Platinum-Bearing Placer Deposits of the Siberian Platform. International geology review, 40(8), 677-687.; Okrugin, A. V. (2011). Origin of platinum-group minerals in mafic and ultramafic rocks: from dispersed elements to nuggets. The Canadian Mineralogist, 49(6), 1397-1412.; Karup-Møller, S., & Makovicky, E. (2007). THE SYSTEM Cu–Rh–S AT 900°, 700°, 540° AND 500° C. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(6), 1535-1542.
Tony Nikischer
  • Sayan Mountains
Kiseleva, O. N., Zhmodik, S. M., Damdinov, B. B., Agafonov, L. V., & Belyanin, D. K. (2014). Composition and evolution of PGE mineralization in chromite ores from the Il’chir ophiolite complex (Ospa–Kitoi and Khara-Nur areas, East Sayan). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 55(2), 259-272.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
Gregor Borg et al (2001) Deep Exhumation and Tectonic Emplacement of the Nishni Tagil Ultramafic Complex and its Platinum Ores, Urals, Russia in (2001) European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, 2018
Mineralogy of Ural. Native elements, carbides, sulphides. - edited by N.P. Yushkin, Sverdlovsk, 1990, pp. 23-32 (in Rus.); Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
    • Nizhnyaya Tura
P.M. Kartashov data; Generalov M.E., Naumov V.A., Mokhov A.V., Trubkin N.V. (1998) Isovite (Cr,Fe)23C6 - a new mineral from the gold-platinum -bearing placiers of the Urals, - Zapiski VMO, 127(5), pp. 26-37 (in Russian).
    • Novolyalinsky District
Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E.V., and Zaccarini, F. (2002) Composition and paragenesis of Pt alloys from chromitites of the Uralian-Alaskan-type Kytlym and Uktus complexes, northern and central Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1127-1146.
    • Prigorodny District
Johan, Z. (2006): Platinum-group minerals from placers related to the Nizhni Tagil (Middle Urals, Russia) Uralian-Alaskan-type ultramafic complex: ore-mineralogy and study of silicate inclusions in (Pt, Fe) alloys. Mineral. Petrol.: 87(1): 1-30
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Yekaterinburg
9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E.V., and Zaccarini, F. (2002) Composition and paragenesis of Pt alloys from chromitites of the Uralian-Alaskan-type Kytlym and Uktus complexes, northern and central Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1127-1146.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Dovyren Highlands
Rudashevskiy N.S., Krecer D.A., Orsoev D.A., Kislov E.V. (2003) Palladium-platinum mineralization in vein Cu-Ni-ores of Yoko-Dovyrenskiy laiered massif, - DAN, 391(4), p. 519-522 (in Rus.)
Sierra Leone
 
  • Western Area
Bowles, J.F.W. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 583-586.
Bowles, J. F., Suárez, S., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2018). The mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of the alluvial platinum-group minerals of the Freetown Layered Complex, Sierra Leone. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-30.
South Africa
 
  • Free State
    • Lejweleputswa District
Mining Annual Review (1985): 39 & 412.; Cabrii, L. J., & Feather, C. E. (1975). Platinum-Iron Alloys: A Nomenclature Based on a Study of Natural and Synthetic Alloys. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 117-126.
      • Welkom
Mining Ann. Review(1985):39 & 412.
Mining Annual Review (1985): 39 & 412.; Cabrii, L. J., & Feather, C. E. (1975). Platinum-Iron Alloys: A Nomenclature Based on a Study of Natural and Synthetic Alloys. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 117-126.
Cabrii, L. J., & Feather, C. E. (1975). Platinum-Iron Alloys: A Nomenclature Based on a Study of Natural and Synthetic Alloys. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 117-126.
Cabrii, L. J., & Feather, C. E. (1975). Platinum-Iron Alloys: A Nomenclature Based on a Study of Natural and Synthetic Alloys. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 117-126.
Cabrii, L. J., & Feather, C. E. (1975). Platinum-Iron Alloys: A Nomenclature Based on a Study of Natural and Synthetic Alloys. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 117-126.
  • Gauteng
    • Ekurhuleni District (East Rand)
      • Brakpan
Cabrii, L. J., & Feather, C. E. (1975). Platinum-Iron Alloys: A Nomenclature Based on a Study of Natural and Synthetic Alloys. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 117-126.
    • Sedibeng District
Cabrii, L. J., & Feather, C. E. (1975). Platinum-Iron Alloys: A Nomenclature Based on a Study of Natural and Synthetic Alloys. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 117-126.
    • West Rand District (West Rand)
      • Far West Rand (West Wits Line)
        • Western Sector
Cabrii, L. J., & Feather, C. E. (1975). Platinum-Iron Alloys: A Nomenclature Based on a Study of Natural and Synthetic Alloys. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 117-126.
Cabrii, L. J., & Feather, C. E. (1975). Platinum-Iron Alloys: A Nomenclature Based on a Study of Natural and Synthetic Alloys. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 117-126.
  • Limpopo
    • Sekhukhune District
McCall, M. J. (2016). Mineralogical and geochemical variations in the UG2 reef at Booysendal and Zondereinde mines, with implications for beneficiation of PGM (Doctoral dissertation, Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University).
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Ramakoloi N, Viljoen F (2014) Mineral chemistry of PGE-bismuthotellurides in the Platreef, Akanani Prospect, Lonmin plcl. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 106; Viljoen, F., Ramakoloi, N., Rose, D., & Reinke, C. (2015). Mineral Chemistry of (Pt, Pd)-Bismuthotelluride Minerals In the Platreef At Zwartfontein, Akanani Project, Northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53(6), 1109-1127.
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., and Cawthorn, R.G. (2002) Platinum-group minerals in chromitite xenoliths from the Onverwacht and Tweefontein ultramafic pipes, eastern Bushveld Complex. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 481-497.
Fanus Viljoen, F., Ramakoloi, N., Rose, D. and Reinke, C. (2016) Mineral Chemistry of (Pt,Pd)-Bismuthotelluride Minerals In the Platreef At Zwartfontein, Akanani Project, Northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53(6), 1109-1127.
McCall, M. J. (2016). Mineralogical and geochemical variations in the UG2 reef at Booysendal and Zondereinde mines, with implications for beneficiation of PGM (Doctoral dissertation, Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University).
  • Mpumalanga
    • Lydenburg
Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.; Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., & Cawthorn, R. G. (2002). Platinum-group minerals in chromitite xenoliths from the Onverwacht and Tweefontein ultramafic pipes, eastern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 481-497.
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
        • Royal Bafokeng
Smith, A. J. B., Viljoen, K. S., Schouwstra, R., Roberts, J., Schalkwyk, C., & Gutzmer, J. (2013). Geological variations in the Merensky Reef at Bafokeng Rasimone Platinum Mine and its influence on flotation performance. Minerals Engineering, 52, 155-168.
Minerals of South Africa
    • Dr Kenneth Kaunda District
      • Klerksdorp
Cabrii, L. J., & Feather, C. E. (1975). Platinum-Iron Alloys: A Nomenclature Based on a Study of Natural and Synthetic Alloys. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 117-126.
Cabrii, L. J., & Feather, C. E. (1975). Platinum-Iron Alloys: A Nomenclature Based on a Study of Natural and Synthetic Alloys. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 117-126.
CABRI, L.J. & FEATHER, C.E. (1975): Platinum-iron alloys: a nomenclature based on a study of natural and synthetic alloys. Canadian Mineralogist 13, 117-126. CABRI, L.J., HARRIS, D.C. & WEISER, T.W. (1996): Mineralogy and distribution of platinum-group mineral (PGM) placer deposits of the world. Exploration and Mining Geology 5, 73-167. Minerals of South Africa
Tanzania
 
  • Kigoma Region
Wilhelmij, H. R., & Cabri, L. J. (2015). Platinum mineralization in the Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 1-25.; Wilhelmij, H.R. and Cabri, L.J. (2016) Platinum mineralization in the Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 51(3), 343-367.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Isle of Rum
Power, M.R., Pirrie, D., Andersen, J.C.O., and Butcher, A.R. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 762-775.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Census Area
      • Goodnews Bay
        • Salmon River - Red Mountain District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Matanuska-Susitna Borough
      • Valdez Creek Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • California
    • Mariposa Co.
      • West Belt
        • Hornitos Mining District
          • Quartzburg
            • Quartzburg School
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
    • Trinity Co.
      • Klamath Mountains
        • Salmon Mountains
          • North Fork Mining District
Alfredo Petrov collection; Excalibur Mineral Co. analyses
  • Montana
    • Stillwater Co.
      • J-M Reef (Howland Reef)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 23, pp.149-162(1985); Bart Cannon (Cannon Microprobe, Seattle) analysis # MA121,695-2.
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1159-1186
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
CABRI, L.J. & FEATHER, C.E. (1975): Platinum-iron alloys: a nomenclature based on a study of natural and synthetic alloys. Canadian Mineralogist 13, 117-126. CABRI, L.J., HARRIS, D.C. & WEISER, T.W. (1996): Mineralogy and distribution of platinum-group mineral (PGM) placer deposits of the world. Exploration and Mining Geology 5, 73-167.
  • Oregon
    • Jackson Co.
      • Applegate Mining District
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
  • Pennsylvania
    • Fayette Co.
      • Masontown
American Mieralogist: 75: 881-885.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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