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Johannite

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Archduke John of Austria
Formula:
Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Colour:
Emerald-green, apple-green
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Specific Gravity:
3.32
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
After Archduke Johann (1782-1859) of Austria, founder of the Styrian Landesmuseum, Graz.
Compare also pseudojohannite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of JohanniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.EB.05

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
E : Uranyl sulfates
B : With medium-sized cations
31.8.2.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
8 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
25.8.12

25 : Sulphates
8 : Sulphates of Sb, V, Cr and U

Physical Properties of JohanniteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Emerald-green, apple-green
Streak:
Pale green
Hardness:
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {100} good.
Density:
3.32 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.27 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of JohanniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 1.572 - 1.577 nβ = 1.592 - 1.597 nγ = 1.612 - 1.616
2V:
Measured: 90° , Calculated: 86° to 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.040
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively strong
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
X = Colourless
Y = Light yellow
Z = Greenish or canary-yellow

Chemical Properties of JohanniteHide

Formula:
Cu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O

Crystallography of JohanniteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.54 Å, b = 18.02 Å, c = 6.84 Å
α = 90°, β = 90.63°, γ = 110.62°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.918 : 1 : 0.38
Unit Cell V:
1,907.93 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals prismatic [001] and thick tabular {100}. Subparallel or drusy aggregates; coatings; small spheroidal aggregates of lath-like fibers.
Twinning:
Twin axis [001], composition plane {010} or close to it. Both simple and lamellar, common.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.73 (10)
6.16 (9)
4.38 (6)
3.87 (7)
3.41 (8)
3.13 (7)
3.04 (7)

Type Occurrence of JohanniteHide

Other Language Names for JohanniteHide

Varieties of JohanniteHide

GilpiniteA ferrian variety of Johannite.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Andersonite5 photos of Johannite associated with Andersonite on mindat.org.
Magnesiozippeite5 photos of Johannite associated with Magnesiozippeite on mindat.org.
Zippeite5 photos of Johannite associated with Zippeite on mindat.org.
Zippeite Group2 photos of Johannite associated with Zippeite Group on mindat.org.
Uranopilite2 photos of Johannite associated with Uranopilite on mindat.org.
Zinczippeite1 photo of Johannite associated with Zinczippeite on mindat.org.
Pseudojohannite1 photo of Johannite associated with Pseudojohannite on mindat.org.
Ktenasite1 photo of Johannite associated with Ktenasite on mindat.org.
Gypsum1 photo of Johannite associated with Gypsum on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.EB.10DeliensiteFe[(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2](H2O)7Orth. mm2 : Pnn2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.8.1KlebelsbergiteSb4O4(SO4)(OH)2Orth. mm2
25.8.2CoquanditeSb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)Tric. 1 : P1
25.8.3PeretaiteCa(SbO)4(SO4)2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.8.4CannoniteBi2(SO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
25.8.5Minasragrite(V4+O)(SO4) · 5H2OMon. 2/m
25.8.6Stanleyite(V4+O)(SO4) · 6H2OOrth.
25.8.7Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
25.8.8Metauranopilite(UO2)6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2O
25.8.9Uranopilite(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2OMon.
25.8.10NatrozippeiteNa5(UO2)8(SO4)4O5(OH)3 · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.8.11ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2OMon. 2 : B2
25.8.13MagnesiozippeiteMg(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.8.14ZinczippeiteZn(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Decomposed by water. Soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for JohanniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
John (1821) Chem. Unters.: 5: 254 (as Uranvitriol).
Haidinger (1830) Edinburgh Journal of Science: 4: 306 (as Johannit).
Haidinger (1830) Abhl. Böhm. Ges. Prague (as Johannit).
Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 4: 216.
Larsen, E.S. and Berman (1926) American Mineralogist: 11: 1.
Doelter, C. (1927) Handbuch der Mineral-chemie (in 4 volumes divided into parts): 4 [2]: 648.
Nováček (1935) Soc. sc. Bohême, Mém., no. 7, Cl. 2.
Peacock (1935) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 90: 112.
Hurlbut (1950) American Mineralogist: 35: 531.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 606-607.
American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 851.
Čejka, J., Urbanec, Z., Čejka, J., Jr., and Mrázek, Z. (1988) Contribution to the thermal analysis and crystal chemistry of johannite Cu[(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2].8H2O. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1988): 159: 297-309.
Burns, P.C. (2005) U 6+ minerals and inorganic compounds: insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1839-1894.
Mereiter, K. (1982) Die Kristallstruktur des Johannites, Cu(UO2)2(OH)2(SO4)2·8H2O. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 30: 47-57.
Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F., Skála, R., Císařová, I., Hloušek, J., Frýda, J., Vavřín, I., Čejka, J., and Gabašová, A. (1997) New naturally occurring phases of secondary origin from Jáchymov (Joachimstal). Journal of the Czech Geological Society: 42: 7-107.
Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F., Gabašová, A., Hloušek, J., and Šrein, V. (2003) Supplement to secondary and rock-forming minerals of the Jachymov ore district. Journal of the Czech Geological Society: 48: 149-155.

Internet Links for JohanniteHide

Localities for JohanniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Mendoza
    • Malargüe Department
      • Pampa Amarilla District
Brodtkorb, M.K. de, Mineralogia y y consideraciones geneticas del yacimiento Huemul. Provincia de Mendoza. Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina 21 (3): 165-179. 1966
  • San Juan
    • Jáchal department
      • Villa Mercedes
DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Coomalie Shire
      • Batchelor
        • Rum Jungle
D.A.Berkman (1968) The Geology of the Rum Jungle Uranium Deposit. Symposium on Uranium in Australia pg. 12-31
    • West Arnhem Region
      • Kakadu
Private Collection
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Great Bear Lake
Traill, R.J. (1983) Catalogue of Canadian minerals. p.208
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Funstellen, Jaroslav Hyrsl, Petr Korbel. 2008. page 375
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
          • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 607; Lapis 2002 (7/8): 51.
            • Rovnost Mine (Werner Mine)
J. Plášil, J. Hauser, V. Petříček, N. Meisser, S. J. Mills, R. Škoda, K. Fejfarová, J. Čejka, J. Sejkora, J. Hloušek, J.-M. Johannet, V. Machovič, and L. Lapčák (2012): Crystal structure and formula revision of deliensite, Fe[(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2](H2O)7. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 2837-2860. ; Škácha, Pavel; Horák, Vladimír; Plašil, Jakub (2014) Minerals and finds of ore shoots on the Geister vein of the western part of the Jáchymov ore district (Czech Republic). Bulletin Mineralogicko-Petrologickeho Oddeleni Narodniho Muzea v Praze Vol. 22 Issue 2, p202-202. 1p.
Petr Fuchs
    • Plzeň Region
      • Nepomuk (Pomuk)
        • Kasejovice
Bridget E. McCollam (2002) ZIPPEITES: CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND POWDER X-RAY DIFFRACTION STUDIES OF SYNTHETIC AND NATURAL SAMPLES. MS Thesis, Notre Dame University.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • Saint-Just-en-Chevalet
        • Saint-Priest-la-Prugne
          • Les Bois-Noirs Mining Claim
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998; J.-J. Périchaud: "Où trouver les minéraux d'Auvergne", Vol. 1, Editions l'Instant Durable (Clermont-Ferrand), 1985, p. 92
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Guern
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Corrèze
      • Davignac
M.Deliens, C.Lheur, W.Peraud & D.Virlogeux (2004)- Les minéraux d'uranium du Boucheron, près de Davignac (Corrèze)- Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°84, pp 3-25.
  • Occitanie
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
[Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1998, 2, p.13-26]
Gabon
 
  • Haut-Ogooué Province
    • Franceville
Korbel & Novak, 1999. Min. Encylopaedia, p.150
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Menzenschwand
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Wölsendorf Fluorite Mining District
        • Wölsendorf East District
          • Schwarzach bei Nabburg
            • Wölsendorf
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Annaberg District
        • Annaberg-Buchholz
          • Frohnau
            • Schreckenberg
Thomas Witzke
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
No reference listed
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Pöhla
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
            • Hilarion area
Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
Italy
 
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Chiese Valley
          • Condino
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., & Gramaccioli, C. M. (2006). Rio Giulis. Minerali secondari del giacimento uranifero presso Condino, Trento. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30(3), 152-165.
          • Daone
            • Daone Valley
              • Limes
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. (2005): Val Daone. Minerali secondari del giacimento uranifero presso Limes, Daone (TN). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2005, 228-240.
Slovenia
 
  • Todraž
Dolenec, T. (1985): Secondary uranium minerals from the Zirovski Vrh uranium ore deposit. Rudarsko-Metalurski Zbornik 32, 195-206 (in Serbo-Croatian); Dolenec, T., Lukacs, E. & Pecnik, M. (1979): Uranopilite, zippeite, and johannite - recently formed secondary uranium minerals of the Zirovski Vrh uranium ore deposit. Rudarsko-Metalurski Zbornik 26, 179-184.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Les Marécottes
Am Min 88:4 pp 676-685
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne
Paul De Bondt collection
      • Carn Brea
        • Carnkie
          • Basset Mines
            • Wheal Basset
No reference listed
Collins, J.H. (1892): A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon, 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.; Hill, J.B., MacAlister, D.A., and Flett, J.S. (1906): The geology of Falmouth and Truro and of the mining district of Camborne and Redruth. HSMO Publications (London), 335 pp.
      • St Just
        • Pendeen
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
          • Bisbee
Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 9.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Eureka District
        • Bagdad
          • Bozarth Mesa
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 111, 263, 365, 387; Axelrod, J.M., et al (1951), The uranium minerals from the Hillside mine, Yavapai Co., AZ, Am.Min.: 36: 1-22; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 51, 52, 66.
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Pinto Mts
        • Dale District (Virginia Dale District)
          • Pinto Mountain
Saul, R.B., Evans, J.R., and Gray, C.H. (1970) Mines and mineral resources of Riverside County. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 9. Unpublished manuscript: 1209; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 303, 516.
  • Colorado
Larsen, E.S. and Brown (1917) American Mineralogist: 2: 75; Ford, 1932 . Dana's Textbook of Mineralogy, 4th ed.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 606.
Korbel & Novak, 1999. Min. Encylopaedia, p.150
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • Eureka District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Nevada
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Hinsdale Co.
      • Uncompahgre Peak Area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Ralston Buttes District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Mesa Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Montrose Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Saguache Co.
      • Cochetopa District (Cochetopa Creek District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • San Miguel Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Middletown
Schooner, R. (1958): The mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam area in Connecticut (with a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). East Hampton and Branford, Conn.: Richard Schooner, Ralph Lieser, and Howard Pate.
Schooner (1958)
  • New Mexico
    • Cibola Co.
      • Laguna District
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region; Kittel, Kelley Melancon (1966) Uranium Deposits of the Grants Region. New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook pp 173-183
    • McKinley Co.
      • Grants District
Bridget E. McCollam (2002) ZIPPEITES: CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND POWDER X-RAY DIFFRACTION STUDIES OF SYNTHETIC AND NATURAL SAMPLES MS Thesis, Notre Dame University
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
        • Delta
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • Green Vein Mesa
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Garfield Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Piute Co.
      • Marysvale District (Marysvale Uranium area)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • San Juan Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • Fry Canyon [town]
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
        • Red Canyon
Collected by and in the collections of Brent Thorne and Joe Marty; Plášil, j.,Kampf, A.R., Kasatkin, A.V., Marty, J., Škoda, R., Silva, S. & Čejka, J. (2013): Meisserite, Na5(UO2)(SO4)3(SO3OH)(H2O), a new uranyl sulfate mineral from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Mineralogical Magazine. 77, 2975-2988.
Kampf, A.R., Plášil, J., Kasatkin, A.V., Marty, J., Čejka, J. and Lapčák, L. (2015) Shumwayite, IMA 2015-058. CNMNC Newsletter No. 27, October 2015, page 1228; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1229–1236.
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
Travis Olds collection
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • White Canyon
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
          • Deer Flat
Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah. Utah Department fo Natural Resources Bulletin 117. Jan. 1981
          • Fry Mesa
Jakub Plášil, Karla Fejfarová, Radek Škoda, Michal Dušek, Joe Marty and Jiří Čejka (2013): The crystal structure of magnesiozippeite, Mg[(UO2)2O2(SO4)](H2O)3.5, from East Saddle Mine, San Juan County, Utah (U.S.A.). Mineral. Petrol. 107, 211-219.
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
Min Rec 2:210-211; Bridget E. McCollam (2002) ZIPPEITES: CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION AND POWDER X-RAY DIFFRACTION STUDIES OF SYNTHETIC AND NATURAL SAMPLES MS Thesis, Notre Dame University; USGS TEI #514; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp263-279; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp281-284
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
          • Uracop - Sunrise (Scenic Group; B and I)
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
USGS: Geological Survey Circular 217
    • Wayne Co.
      • Fremont District
        • Fruita
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Mineral and/or Locality  
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