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About JohannseniteHide

Albert Johannsen
blue-green, grey-white, dark brown, colourless
Crystal System:
Named in 1932 by Waldemar Theodore Schaller in honor of Albert Johannsen [Belle Plaine, Iowa December 3, 1871 - January 11, 1962 Winter Park, Florida, USA], Professor and petrologist, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Johannsen's contribution are noteworthy. He established quantitative definitions of rock analysis and rock classifications as well as redesigning the petrographic microscope. His five volume Petrography of the Igneous Rocks is a classic in petrography.

Classification of JohannseniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
A : Inosilicates with 2-periodic single chains, Si2O6; pyroxene family

65 : INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
1 : Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
18 : Silicates of Mn and Na, K, Mg, Ca or Fe

Physical Properties of JohannseniteHide

blue-green, grey-white, dark brown, colourless

Optical Data of JohannseniteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.703 - 1.716 nβ = 1.711 - 1.728 nγ = 1.732 - 1.745
Measured: 68° to 70°, Calculated: 64° to 82°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.029
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r > v weak

Chemical Properties of JohannseniteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of JohannseniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.87 Å, b = 9.04 Å, c = 5.27 Å
β = 105.54°
a:b:c = 1.092 : 1 : 0.583
Unit Cell V:
453.03 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Freed R L , Peacor D R , American Mineralogist , 52 (1967) p.709-720, Refinement of the crystal structure of johannsenite

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
6.631 (25)
4.808 (14)
4.578 (5)
3.515 (11)
3.048 (100)
3.025 (43)
2.948 (11)
2.620 (30)
2.572 (43)
2.550 (38)
2.404 (2)
2.355 (4)
2.246 (11)
2.210 (5)
2.180 (21)
2.153 (13)
2.088 (5)
2.043 (14)
2.039 (16)
1.995 (3)
1.9042 (4)
1.8626 (2)
1.8433 (3)
1.8175 (3)
1.7989 (13)
1.7035 (5)
1.6732 (2)
1.6627 (11)
1.6577 (10)
1.6405 (13)
1.6327 (8)
1.6026 (4)
1.5900 (4)
1.5614 (3)
1.5571 (6)
1.5545 (6)
1.5225 (10)
1.5144 (5)
1.4577 (12)
1.4374 (8)
1.4295 (5)
1.411 (3)
1.4085 (2)
1.3568 (6)
1.3359 (2)
1.3095 (4)
1.3065 (4)
1.3052 (3)
1.2980 (2)
ICDD 35-539

Type Occurrence of JohannseniteHide

Other Language Names for JohannseniteHide

Varieties of JohannseniteHide

FerrojohannseniteIron(II)-bearing variety of johannsenite.

Relationship of Johannsenite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
DiopsideCaMgSi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Omphacite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m
Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Rhodonite19 photos of Johannsenite associated with Rhodonite on mindat.org.
Sphalerite15 photos of Johannsenite associated with Sphalerite on mindat.org.
Axinite-(Mn)13 photos of Johannsenite associated with Axinite-(Mn) on mindat.org.
Manganbabingtonite12 photos of Johannsenite associated with Manganbabingtonite on mindat.org.
Galena9 photos of Johannsenite associated with Galena on mindat.org.
Andradite8 photos of Johannsenite associated with Andradite on mindat.org.
Willemite8 photos of Johannsenite associated with Willemite on mindat.org.
Hendricksite8 photos of Johannsenite associated with Hendricksite on mindat.org.
Clinohedrite8 photos of Johannsenite associated with Clinohedrite on mindat.org.
Nekoite6 photos of Johannsenite associated with Nekoite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DA.ProtoenstatiteMg2Si2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
9.DA.05EnstatiteMgSiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.DA.05FerrosiliteFeSiO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.DA.10ClinoenstatiteMgSiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DA.10ClinoferrosiliteFe2+SiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DA.10KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DA.10Pigeonite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.DA.15Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15DiopsideCaMgSi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15DavisiteCaScAlSiO6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15KushiroiteCaAl[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.15GrossmaniteCaTi3+ AlSiO6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.20Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DA.20Omphacite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m
9.DA.25AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

65.1.3a.1DiopsideCaMgSi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
65.1.3a.2HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
65.1.3a.3Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
65.1.3a.6EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.18.3ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2OTrig.
14.18.4NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.18.5ShafranovskiteNa3K2(Mn,Fe,Na)4[Si9(O,OH)27](OH)2 · nH2OTrig.
14.18.6AbswurmbachiteCuMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.18.8KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.18.13BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.14GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.18.15Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2OTrig.
14.18.16SantaclaraiteCaMn4[Si5O14OH](OH) · H2OTric.
14.18.19NeltneriteCaMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.18.20OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2OHex.
14.18.21InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.18.22OrientiteCa8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O Orth.
14.18.23RuiziteCa2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2OMon. 2
14.18.24BostwickiteCaMn6Si3O16 · 7H2OOrth.
14.18.25KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2OHex.
14.18.27SeranditeNaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.29MarsturiteNaCaMn3Si5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.30RaiteNa4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
14.18.31Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.18.32Byelorussite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2MnTi2[Si4O12]2O2(F,OH) · H2O
14.18.35PyroxmangiteMnSiO3Tric. 1
14.18.37Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.
14.18.38BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1

Fluorescence of JohannseniteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Johannsenite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for JohannseniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Schaller, W.T. (1938) Johansennite, a new manganese pyroxene. American Mineralogist: 23: 575-582.
Freed, R.L., Peacor, D.R. (1967) Refinement of the crystal structure of johansennite. American Mineralogist: 52 709-720.
Clark, J.R., Appleman, D.E., Papike, J.J. (1969) Crystal-chemical characterization of clinopyroxenes based on eight new structure refinements. MSA Special Paper: 2: 31-50.
Burt, D.M. and London, D. (1978) Manganbabingtonite and ilvaite from a hedenbergite-johannsenite skarn, Aravaipa, Arizona. Geol. Soc. Am., Abs. with Prog., 10/3, 98.
Deer, W.A., Howie, R.A., Zussman, J. (1997) Rock-Forming Minerals. Volume 2A, Geological Society of London, 764pp., 294-398.

Internet Links for JohannseniteHide

Localities for JohannseniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
        • Broken Hill
Birch, W. D., ed. (1999): The minerals of Broken Hill. Broken Hill City Council and Museum of Victoria, Broken Hill, Australia, 289 pp.
  • Kardzhali Province
    • Ardino Obshtina
Marcus Voigt and Alfredo Petrov specimens
  • Smolyan Province
[MinRec 22 p.439]
Vassileva, R. D., Atanassova, R., & Bonev, I. K. (2009). A review of the morphological varieties of ore bodies in the Madan Pb-Zn deposits, Central Rhodopes, Bulgaria. Geochem Mineral Petrol, 47, 31-49.
      • Krushev dol mine
Vassileva, R. D., & Василева, Р. Д. Compositional variation in the rhodonites from the metasomatic Pb-Zn deposits in Central Rhodopes Вариации в химичния състав на родонити от метасоматичните оловно-цинкови находища в Централните Родопи.
Vassileva, Rossitza D. , Bonev Ivan K. (2001):Manganoan amphiboles from the skarn-ore Pb-Zn deposits in the Madan district, Central Rhodopes, Bulgaria. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol 38, pp 45-58; Vassileva, R. D., & Василева, Р. Д. Compositional variation in the rhodonites from the metasomatic Pb-Zn deposits in Central Rhodopes Вариации в химичния състав на родонити от метасоматичните оловно-цинкови находища в Централните Родопи.; A. Piestrzynski (2001) Mineral Deposits at the Beginning of the 21st Century. pp 925-928
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Cobalt area
          • Bucke Township
Reiner Mielke 2014
  • Fujian
    • Longyan
      • Yongding Co.
Zhenhua Zhou, Hongwei Liu, Guoxiong Chang, Linsu Li, Tao Li, Yongjun Yang, Ruijun Zhang, and Xianhe Ji (2011): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 30(1), 97-112
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
Dequan Zhang, Yunfen Lei, Taiyang Luo, Xiupo Bao, and Shengli Wang (1991): Mineral Deposits 10(3), 204-216; Chengdong Xiao and Yongfu Wei (2004): Geological Survey and Research 27(suppl.), 9-15
  • Qinghai
    • Haixi
      • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
        • Qimantage Mts
Jiannan Liu, Chengyou Feng, Yiming Zhao, Daxin Li, Ye Xiao, Jianhou Zhou, and Yongshou Ma (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(1), 77-93
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Prats-de-Mollo-la Preste (Prats de Molló-la Presta)
Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • St Andreasberg District
No reference listed
  • Java
    • West Java Province
      • Bandung
A.S. Subandrio, N.I. Basuki (2010) Alteration and Vein Textures Associated with Gold Mineralization at the Bunikasih Area, Pangalengan, West Java. Jurnal Geologi Indonesia, Vol. 5 No. 4 Desember 2010: 247-261
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Graveglia Valley
        • Ne
[MinRec 32:356]
          • Reppia
            • Monte Copello
Redazione (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia Ferrania Club, 19, 3-5.
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta Vara
Bracco, R. and Balestra, C. (2014): La miniera di Monte Nero, Rocchetta Vara, La Spezia, Liguria: minerali classici e novità. Micro, 12, 1, 2-28.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
              • Scerscen Valley
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Strona Valley
        • Valstrona
          • Campello Monti
Bertolani, M. (1976): Il giacimento manganesifero di Ravinella di Sotto presso Forno (Valle Strona di Omegna).
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Fersina Stream Basin
        • Baselga di Pinè
          • "Le Trote" ("La Trota")
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"; SEM-EDS analysis (AMI UK Service); Ferretti, P., Fassina, B. and Rocchetti, I. (2018) Il giacimento manganesifero della miniera Erla (Baselga di Pinè, TN). I minerali e il sito estrattivo. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 42, 4 (4-2018), 246-261.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Recoaro Terme
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
Lapis, 9 (2), 18-25.
-Boscardin M., Daleffe A., Rocchetti I., Zordan A. “I minerali nel Vicentino”, Museo “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 2011.
  • Fukui
    • Ono City
      • Nakatatsu mine
Tokunaga, M. (1965): Science Reports of the Tokyo Kyoiku Daigaku, 9:67-87
  • Hokkaidō
    • Ishikari Subprefecture
Mineral.Journ.Japan (1985) 12, 341-348; Economic Geology 93 (1998) 303-325.
    • Oshima peninsula
      • Kumaishi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Hyogo
    • Taka District
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Kanagawa
    • Hadano City
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 17 (1994) , No. 5 pp 211-218
  • Niigata
    • Shibata City
David Nieto specimen ; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Okayama
    • Katsuyama
      • Teragohchi
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 65-72.
    • Takahashi City
      • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
        • Shitouyouze
Matsueda, H. (1980) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, Mining Geology, 5, #4, 15-77.
  • Saitama
    • Chichibu City
      • Ohtaki-mura
        • Nakatsugawa
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Shizuoka
    • Amagi-Yugashima
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Shimoda City
      • Rendaiji
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Yamagata
    • Yonezawa City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan); Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Yamaguchi
    • Mine City
PXRD by Alfredo Petrov, July 2016.
  • Yamanashi
    • Minami-Alps City
      • Kohsai
A. Kato et al. , Bull. Minéral., 1981, 104, pp. 396-399, France.
  • Chihuahua
    • Aquiles Serdán Municipality
Prescott, B., 1916, AIME Transactions
  • Hidalgo
    • Mineral del Monte Municipality
      • Mineral del Monte (Mineral del Real del Monte; Real del Monte)
  • Puebla
Akira Kato (2011) Reference informations on distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 1 (April, 2011).
North Macedonia
  • Probistip
Baric, Lj. (1961): Ferrojohannsenite and bustamite from the Sasa leadzinc deposit in Macedonia. Fortschritte der Mineralogie 39, 137-139.; Strmić Palinkas, Sabina and Tasev, Goran and Serafimovski, Todor and Palinkas, Ladislav and Šmajgl, Daniela and Peltekovski, Zlatko (2013) Ore-fluid evolution at the Sasa Pb-Zn skarn deposit, Republic of Macedonia. AusIMM New Zealand Branch Annual Conference 2013, 1 (1). pp. 487-494. [http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/8626/1/Paper%20Strmic%20et%20al%20za%20E%20biblioteka%20OK.pdf]
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Botnedal
Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
  • Lima
    • Oyon Province
Economic Geology November 1990 v. 85 no. 7 p. 1348-1383
  • Bistrița-Năsăud
    • Rodna Mtn (Rodnei Mtn)
      • Rodna
        • Valea Vinului
Delia Cristina Papp, Ionel Ureche, Ioan Seghedi, Hilary Downes, Luigi Dallai, (2005), Petrogenesis of convergent-margin calc-alkaline rocks and the significance of the low oxygen isotope ratios: the Rodna-Bârgău Neogene subvolcanic area (Eastern Carpathians), Geologica Carpathica, 56, 1, p.77-90
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
Vlad, S.N. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 446-451.
  • Neamt
Paulina Hirtopanu, W. Peter Scott, Nicolae Calin (2018) New data on johannsenite and its mineral associations in Bistrita Mts, Romania. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 461
  • Magadan Oblast
    • Kolyma River Basin
      • Ducat District
        • Omsukchan
          • Ducat ore field
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 1990
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
[MinRec 32:8]
        • Dal'negorsk B deposit
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2018
Vasilenko, G.P. (2001) The Dalnegorsk Ore District. pp98-124 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
A. I. Brusnitsyn, I. G. Zhukov, V. N. Kuleshov (2009): The Bikkulovskoe manganese deposit (South Urals): Geological setting, composition of metalliferous rocks, and formation model. Lithology and Mineral Resources 44, 557-578.
Saudi Arabia
  • Mintaqah ar Riyad
Testard, J., Tegyey, M., Picot, P., Maury, M., & Kosakevitch, M. (1979, June). Khnaiguiyah: Mineralization in an Acid Volcanosedimentary Environment. In Evolution and Mineralization of the Arabian-Nubian Shield: Proceedings of a Symposium Convened (Vol. 3, p. 80). Pergamon Press.
South Africa
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • El Molar
Mineralogistes de Catalunya, vol. III num. 5
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Identified with XRD & SEM/EDS by Prof. Natale Perchiazzi, Pisa, Italy
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
Lee, D. (1958) AN ANDRADITE-SPESSARTITE GARNET FROM PAJSBERG, SWEDEN. American Mineralogist 43:208-215
  • Sughd
    • Kuraminskii Range
      • Altyn-Topkan ore field
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
  • England
    • Devon
      • Teignbridge
        • Ilsington
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
  • Alaska
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area
      • McGrath District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Graham Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 312; Simons, F.S. & E. Munson (1963), Johannsenite from the Aravaipa mining district, AZ, Am.Min.: 48: 1154-1158.
        • Pinaleño Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 263; Simons, F.S. & E. Munson (1963), Johannsenite from the Aravaipa mining district, AZ, Am.Min.: 48: 1154-1158.
        • Santa Teresa Mts
          • Aravaipa
            • Landsman Camp (Landsman group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 245; Reiter, B.E. (1981), Controls on lead-zinc skarn mineralization, Iron Cap mine area, Aravaipa district, Graham Co., AZ, in C. Stone and J.P. Jenney (editors), AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 13: 117-125.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Patagonia Mts
        • Patagonia District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 390, 401.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 263.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (2001) 76:257
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Schaller, W.T.: Am.Min.:23:575-582 (1938); Dunn(1995):Pt3:434-435.
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
      • Central District
AmMin 38:883
Minerals of the Ground Hog Mine Grant County Ron Gibbs Rocks & Minerals 67:5 pp 294-297; Econ Geol (1987) 82:523-545
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; 3rd Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium (1983) New Mexico Geology 5:84-85
  • Washington
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Mount Jupiter
        • Elkhorn Group
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Mason Co.
      • Copper Creek (Boulder Creek)
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
Mineral and/or Locality  
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