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Johillerite

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About JohilleriteHide

Formula:
Na(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
Colour:
Violet
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
4.15
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named by P. Keller, H. Hess, and P. Dunn in honor of Professor Johannes-Erich Hiller (1911–1972), mineralogist, University of Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany.
Isostructural with:
Alluaudite Group. The Cu analogue of calciojohillerite.

Johillerite forms a continuous solid-solution system with badalovite and nickenichite, and a discontinuous solid solution with bradaczekite.


Classification of JohilleriteHide

Approved
Approval year:
1980
8.AC.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
38.2.7.2
38.2.3.8

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
2 : (AB)5(XO4)3
20.3.14

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
3 : Arsenates of Zn, Cd or Hg

Physical Properties of JohilleriteHide

Sub-Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Violet
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{010} perfect; {001) good.
Density:
4.15 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.21 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of JohilleriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.715 nβ = 1.743 nγ = 1.783
2V:
Measured: 80° , Calculated: 82°
Birefringence:
0.068
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.068
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
weak
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of JohilleriteHide

Formula:
Na(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
IMA Formula:
NaCuMgMg2(AsO4)3

Crystallography of JohilleriteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/b
Setting:
C2/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.870 Å, b = 12.755 Å, c = 6.770 Å
β = 113.42°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.931 : 1 : 0.531
Unit Cell V:
940.55 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Comment:
ICDD 35-522

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0005933JohilleriteTait K T, Hawthorne F C (2004) Johillerite from Tolbachik, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia: Crystal-structure refinement and chemical composition The Canadian Mineralogist 42 717-7222004Tolbachik, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia0293
0014830JohilleriteKeller P, Hess H (1988) Die kristallstrukturen von o'danielit, Na(Zn,Mg)3H2(AsO4)3, und johillerit, Na(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3 Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1988 395-4041988Tsumeb, Namibia0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.06 Å(50)
3.50 Å(40)
3.25 Å(80)
2.75 Å(100)
2.64 Å(50)
1.952 Å(40)
1.682 Å(40)
1.660 Å(50)
Comments:
ICDD 35-522

Type Occurrence of JohilleriteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidized zone of polymetallic sulfide deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of JohilleriteHide

Other Language Names for JohilleriteHide

German:Johillerit
Simplified Chinese:砷铜镁钠石
Spanish:Johillerita
Traditional Chinese:砷銅鎂鈉石

Relationship of Johillerite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
Alluaudite-Ca□4Ca4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Alluaudite-Na□4Na4Mn2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12Mon. 2/m : B2/b
ArseniopleiteNaCaMnMn2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m
BadaloviteNa2Mg2Fe(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
CalciojohilleriteNaCaMg3(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
CamanchacaiteNaCaMg2[AsO4][AsO3(OH)]2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
CanutiteNaMn3[AsO4][AsO3(OH)]2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m
ErikapohliteCu3(Zn,Cu,Mg)4Ca2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Ferroalluaudite-NaNaNa4Na4Fe2+4Fe3+8(PO4)12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon.
GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)[PO3(OH)]2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Hagendorfite-(Na)(Na)Fe2+Mn2+(PO4)-(Na)(Na)Mon. 2/m : B2/b
HatertiteNa2(Ca,Na)(Fe3+,Cu)2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
KeyiteCu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
KhrenoviteNa3Fe3+2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Maghagendorfite(Na,◻)MgMn2+(Fe2+,Fe3+)2(PO4)3Mon.
MagnesiocanutiteNaMnMg2[AsO4]2[AsO2(OH)2]Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Magnesiohatertite(Na,Ca)2Ca(Mg,Fe3+)2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
O'DanieliteNa(Zn,Mg)3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
ParaberzeliiteNaCa2Mg2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Unnamed (Na-Mg Arsenate Hydroxyarsenate)NaMg3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
Unnamed (Na-Zn-H Arsenate Hydrxyarsenate)Na(Na0.6Zn0.4)Zn2(H0.6AsO4)(AsO3OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
YazganiteNaFe3+2(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
ZhanghuifeniteNa3Mn4Mg2Al(PO4)6Mon. 2/m
ZincobradaczekiteNaZn2Cu2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Johillerite associated with BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3
1 photo of Johillerite associated with OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
1 photo of Johillerite associated with ArsmiranditeNa18Cu12Fe3+O8(AsO4)8Cl5

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AC.AngarfiteNaFe3+5(PO4)4(OH)4 · 4H2O Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
8.AC.WopmayiteCa6Na3◻Mn(PO4)3(PO3OH)4Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.XDyrnaesite-(La)Na8Ce4+(La,REE)2(PO4)6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.AC.EdtolliteK2NaCu5Fe3+O2(AsO4)4Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.AlumoedtolliteK2NaCu5AlO2(AsO4)4Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.05HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.10Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10ArseniopleiteNaCaMnMn2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.10Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.10Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10Maghagendorfite(Na,◻)MgMn2+(Fe2+,Fe3+)2(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10YazganiteNaFe3+2(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)[PO3(OH)]2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.15BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.15Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.15Ferrorosemaryite◻NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AC.18ManitobaiteNa16Mn2+25Al8(PO4)30Mon. m : Pb
8.AC.20MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AC.25Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25Manganberzeliite(NaCa2)Mn2+2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25Palenzonaite(NaCa2)Mn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25Schäferite(NaCa2)Mg2(VO4)3Iso.
8.AC.30BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.35Vitusite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2Orth. mm2 : Pca21
8.AC.40Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
8.AC.40Bario-olgite(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2 · Trig. 3 : P3
8.AC.45StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3m
8.AC.45TuiteCa3(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.AC.45FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.50ChladniiteNa3CaMg11(PO4)9Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50FillowiteNa3CaMn2+11(PO4)9Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50JohnsomervilleiteNa3CaFe11(PO4)9Trig.
8.AC.50GalileiiteNa3Fe2+Fe2+11(PO4)9Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y){(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50XenophylliteNa4Fe2+7(PO4)6Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.55HarrisoniteCa(Fe2+,Mg)6(PO4)2(SiO4)2Trig.
8.AC.60KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
8.AC.65Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.70StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6Mon.
8.AC.75RonneburgiteK2MnV4O12Mon. 2/m
8.AC.80TillmannsiteAg3Hg[(V,As)O4]Tet. 4 : I4
8.AC.85FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

38.2.3.1FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon.
38.2.3.2HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
38.2.3.3VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
38.2.3.4Maghagendorfite(Na,◻)MgMn2+(Fe2+,Fe3+)2(PO4)3Mon.
38.2.3.5Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
38.2.3.6Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
38.2.3.9NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.3.1AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
20.3.2ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
20.3.3KoritnigiteZn(HAsO4) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.3.4LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
20.3.5WarikahniteZn3(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.3.6KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
20.3.7StranskiiteZn2Cu(AsO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
20.3.8Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2OMon.
20.3.9AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.3.10ProsperiteCa2Zn4(AsO4)4 · H2OMon.
20.3.11GaititeCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.3.12ZincroseliteCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon.
20.3.13O'DanieliteNa(Zn,Mg)3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
20.3.15Holdenite(Mn2+,Mg)6Zn3(AsO4)2(SiO4)(OH)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
20.3.16Chudobaite(Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric.
20.3.17Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
20.3.18LotharmeyeriteCaZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
20.3.19Metaköttigite(Zn,Fe,Fe)3(AsO4)2 · 8(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1
20.3.20OjuelaiteZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
20.3.21FahleiteCaZn5Fe3+2(AsO4)6 · 14H2OOrth.
20.3.22KeyiteCu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2OMon. 2/m

Fluorescence of JohilleriteHide

Not fluorescent.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for JohilleriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Keller, P., Hess, H., Dunn, P.J. (1982) Johillerit, Na(Mg, Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3, ein neues Mineral aus Tsumeb, Namibia. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 29: 169–175. [in German with English abstract]
Pabst, A. (1982) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 67: 1075.
Keller, P., Hess, H. (1988) Die Kristallstrukturen von O'Danielit, Na(Zn,Mg)3H2(AsO4)3 und Johillerit, Na(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie Monatshefte: 1988: 395-404. [in German]
Tait, K.T., Hawthorne, F.C. (2004) Johillerite from Tolbachik, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia: Crystal-structure refinement and chemical composition. The Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 717-722.
Natalia N. Koshlyakova, Natalia V. Zubkova, Igor V. Pekov, Gerald Giester, Evgeny G. Sidorov (2018): Crystal chemistry of johillerite. Canadian Mineralogist 56, 189-201.

Internet Links for JohilleriteHide

Localities for JohilleriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.; Wittern, A. (2001) Mineralfundorte in Deutschland.
Namibia (TL)
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Keller, P., Hess, H., Dunn, P.J. (1982) Johillerit, Na(Mg, Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3, ein neues Mineral aus Tsumeb, Namibia. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 29: 169–175.
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Tolbachik volcano
      • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
        • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
Glavatskikh, S.F. and Bykova, E.Y. (1998) First finding of exhalative johillerite (Kamchatka). Doklady Akademii Nauk: 361: 795-798.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.; Vergasova, L.P., Krivovichev, S.V., Britvin, S.N., Burns, P.C., and Ananiev, V.V. (2004) Filatovite, K[(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8], a new mineral species from the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka peninsula, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 16(3): 533-536.;
Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Lykova, I.S., Vigasina, M.F., Sidorov, E.G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2014): New arsenate minerals from the Arsenatnaya fumarole, Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. I. Yurmarinite, Na7(Fe3+,Mg,Cu)4(AsO4)6. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 905-917; Zubkova, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Ksenofontov, D. A., Yapaskurt, V. O., Pushcharovsky, D. Y., & Sidorov, E. G. (2018, March). Arcanite from Fumarole Exhalations of the Tolbachik Volcano (Kamchatka, Russia) and Its Crystal Structure. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 479, pp. 339-341). Pleiades Publishing.; Shchipalkina, N.V.; Pekov, I.V.; Britvin, S.N.; Koshlyakova, N.N.; Vigasina, M.F.; Sidorov, E.G. (2019) A New Mineral Ferrisanidine, K[Fe3+Si3O8], the First Natural Feldspar with Species-Defining Iron. Minerals 9, 770.; Pekov, I. V., Shchipalkina, N. V., Zubkova, N. V., Gurzhiy, V. V., Agakhanov, A. A., Belakovskiy, D. I., ... & Sidorov, E. G. (2019). Alkali sulfates with aphthitalite-like structures from fumaroles of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia. I. Metathenardite, a natural high-temperature modification of Na2SO4. The Canadian Mineralogist, 57(6), 885-901.
      • Mountain 1004
Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 1: Neso-, cyclo-, ino-and phyllosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 101-119.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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