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About JoséiteHide

Silver-white, tarnishing to lead-grey
Specific Gravity:
8.10 - 8.4
Crystal System:
Named for the Type Locality, San José, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Originally reported from San José mine, Mariana, Minas Gerais, Southeast Region, Brazil.

Possibly just tellurium-rich Ikunolite (see P. Bayliss: Am. Mineral. 76 (1991), 257-265).

See also Joséite-A and Joséite-B (both questionable), and Joséite-C (published without approval).

Classification of JoséiteHide


2 : Sulphides
D : Sulphides with metal: sulphur, selenium and tellurium < 1:1, Tellurides with Copper, Silver, Gold
11 : Tetradymite group, Ikunolite - Joseite-B series
Dana 7th ed.:

6 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi

Physical Properties of JoséiteHide

Silver-white, tarnishing to lead-grey
VHN100=40 - 87 - Vickers
Hardness Data:
Perfect on {0001}! Flexible
8.10 - 8.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    8.23 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of JoséiteHide


Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 8-54%.
Colour in reflected light:

Chemical Properties of JoséiteHide


Crystallography of JoséiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.25 Å, c = 39.77 Å
a:c = 1 : 9.358
Unit Cell V:
622.11 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
4.4 (20)
3.62 (20)
3.31 (10)
3.08 (100)
2.58 (20)
2.24 (50)
2.11 (50)
2.06 (10)
1.973 (10)
1.899 (20)
1.824 (5)
1.784 (5)
1.749 (30)
1.658 (10)
1.621 (5)
1.542 (30)
1.413 (20)
1.349 (30)
1.305 (10)
1.249 (20)
1.225 (5)
1.213 (20)
1.180 (5)
1.047 (5)
1.029 (10)
1.008 (20)
0.985 (5)
0.959 (10)
0.946 (10)
0.910 (5)
0.8375 (20)
0.8180 (20)
ICDD 12-735

Synonyms of JoséiteHide

Other Language Names for JoséiteHide

Simplified Chinese:硫碲铋矿

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Bismuth7 photos of Joséite associated with Bismuth on mindat.org.
Phlogopite3 photos of Joséite associated with Phlogopite on mindat.org.
Bismuthinite1 photo of Joséite associated with Bismuthinite on mindat.org.
Eulytine1 photo of Joséite associated with Eulytine on mindat.org.
Bismite1 photo of Joséite associated with Bismite on mindat.org.
Quartz1 photo of Joséite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping (8th Edition)Hide

2/D.11-20LaitakariteBi4Se2STrig. 3m : R3m
2/D.11-35Joséite-BBi4Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2/D.11-40PilseniteBi4Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hideéite-BBi4Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m,Se)3Trig. 3m : R3m 3m (3 2/m) : R3m,Te,S)4Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.7.2DuranusiteAs4SOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
3.7.3DimorphiteAs4S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.4RealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m
3.7.5PararealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.6AlacrániteAs8S9Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.7.8OrpimentAs2S3Mon. 2/m
3.7.10LaphamiteAs2(Se,S)3Mon. 2/m
3.7.11GetchelliteAsSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.12Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]Orth. mm2 : Pna21
3.7.13PääkköneniteSb2AsS2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.7.14StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.17BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.19GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.22LaitakariteBi4Se2STrig. 3m : R3m
3.7.26TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
3.7.27PilseniteBi4Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.28HedleyiteBi7Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.29TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.31Joséite-BBi4Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.40JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Fluorescence of JoséiteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for JoséiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 166-167.
American Mineralogist (1949): 34: 365-366.
Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1983): 112: 589-601.
P. Bayliss: Am. Mineral. 76 (1991), 257-265
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Wagner, T., Stanley, C. J. (2007): Minerals of the system Bi-Te-Se-S related to the tetradymite archetype: review of classification and compositional variation. Canadian Mineralogist 45, 665-708.

Internet Links for JoséiteHide

Localities for JoséiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Auckland Co.
      • Whipstick
Hooke, P. (1971). Report on Whipstick Molybdenum Mines, Far South Coast, N.S.W. for Planet Metals Limited; J. L. Willis and B. F. J. Stevens (1971) Uranium. Geologicial Survey of New South Wales The Mineral Industry of New South Wales No. 43
    • Gough Co.
Lawrence, L.J. & Markham, N.L. (1962) - A contribution to the study of the molybdenite pipes of Kingsgate, NSW, with special reference to ore mineralogy. - Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 203, 67-94.
Clissold, M. E., Leverett, P., Sharpe, J. L. & Williams, P. A. (2008): Primary bismuth minerals from the Wolfram pipe, Kingsgate, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 14, 19-25. ; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
  • Queensland
    • North Burnett Region
part of list University of Queensland
      • Degilbo
Qld Dept of Mines,- mines records ; Den, B. E. (1977) Lady Elliot Island Fraser Island. Field Conference Geological Society of Australia Incorporated, Queensland Division
  • Tasmania
    • Kentish municipality
      • Moina - Middlesex District
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • King Island municipality
      • King Island
        • Grassy
Burchard, U. (1977). Genesis of the King Island (Tasmania) scheelite mine. In Time-and Strata-Bound Ore Deposits (pp. 199-204). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Western Australia
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
Mueller, Andreas G.; Lawrance, Louisa M.; Muhling, Janet; Pooley, Gregory D. (2012): Mineralogy and PTX relationships of the Archean Hannan South Au-Cu (Co-Bi) deposit, Kalgoorlie, Western Australia: thermodynamic constraints on the formation of a zoned intrusion-related skarn. Economic Geology 107, 1-24.
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Goldberg group
        • Zirknitz
          • Große Zirknitz valley
Pichler, A. (2009): Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein für Kärnten, 63. Sonderheft, 1-416
          • Kleine Zirknitz valley
            • Kluidscharte
Pichler (2009)
      • Hafner group
        • Pölla valley
          • Lanisch
            • Arsenic mine
Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. p.94
Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. - Carinthia II, 63. Sh., 416 S., Klagenfurt
PICHLER, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. p.88, 92-94
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Hollersbach valley
        • Scharnbachgraben
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
  • La Paz
    • Larecaja Province
      • Sorata
[MinRec 32:474]
  • Potosí
    • Nor Chichas Province
      • Atocha-Quechisla District
        • Cerro Tazna
2cm crystals! Several analytical confirmations by Dr. Werner Paar; Excalibur Mineral Co....
  • Minas Gerais
    • Mariana (Marianna de Itacolumy)
      • Camargos district
Kenngoth 1853
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Lajes
        • Bonfim farm
Neto, J.A.S., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
  • Burgas Oblast (Bourgas Oblast)
    • Malko Târnovo Obshtina
      • Malko Târnovo ore field
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Little Fort
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Nelson Mining Division
Cook, N., Ciobanu, C., & Howard, W. (2007). Bi-tellurides in gold veins BiTel Knoll (CLY prospect) southeastern British Columbia, Canada.
      • Salmo
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Smithers
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Osoyoos Mining Division
      • Hedley
Dana's New Mineralogy; Fleischer M (1945) New mineral names, American Mineralogist 30, 644
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cape Breton Co.
      • Gabarus Bay
Dennis, Frank A. R., "Petrology and Mineraliation of the Deep Cove Pluton, Gabarus Bay, Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia", M.Sc. Thesis, Acadia University, September 1987.
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
      • McQuesten
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Mayo mining district
      • Mayo
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Anhui
    • Tongling
      • Shizishan ore field
Xiangping Gu, Watanabe, M., Hoshino, K., and Shibata, Y. (2001): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 289–309; Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., and Roberts, A.C. (2002): American Mineralogist 87, 181-184
      • Tongguanshan ore field
Junwu Lu and Yuanfa Xia (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(3), 29-31
  • Fujian
    • Ningde
      • Fu'an Co.
  • Heilongjiang
    • Shuangyashan
      • Baoqing Co.
Zhixia Pei, Baolin He, Zhongliang Han, and Guiwu Ao (2004): Gold Geology 10(2), 28-32
  • Jiangxi
    • Ganzhou
      • Anyuan Co.
Zailin Zeng, Yongzhong Zhang, Zhenghui Chen, Yuchuan Chen, Xiangpei Zhu, Qiquan Tong, Binghua Zheng, and You Zhao (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(5), 949-958
  • Qinghai
    • Haixi
      • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
        • Qimantage Mts
Tong Pan and Fengyue Sun (2003): Geology and Prospecting 39(1), 18-22; Chunyan Dong, Xiaoguo Chi, Fengyue Sun, and Yuan Zhang (2005): Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources 1(1), 29-33
  • Sichuan
    • Ya'an
      • Shimian Co.
Yuchuan Chen, Jianzhao Yin, Jianxiong Zhou, Jingwen Mao, Baichuan Yang, and Yaonan Luo (1994): Scientia Geologica Sinica 29(2), 165-167; Jingwen Mao, Yuchuan Chen, Yunfen Lei, Jianxiong Zhou, and Baichuan Yang (1995): Scientia Geologica Sinica 30(1), 47-52; Chunqi Wen, Zhimin Cao, Baohua Li, and Xiaojun Luo (2002): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology 29(5), 526-532; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815
  • Xinjiang
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
        • Tuoli Co. (Toli Co.)
          • Baogutu
Fuquan Yang, Shenghao Yan, Guoren Liu, Gang Zhou, Zhixin Zhang, Feng Liu, Xinxia Geng, and Chunli Guo (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 956-971
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
      • Hvožďany
Zachariáš, J., Pudilová, M., Žák, K., Morávek, P., Litochleb, J., Váňa, T., Pertold, Z. (1997) P-T conditions, fluid inclusions and O, C, S isotope characteristics of gold-bearing mineralizations within the Central Bohemian Metallogenic Zone. - Acta Univ. Carolinae – Geologica, 41 (3-4), pp. 167–178.
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Aš (Asch)
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
  • Olomouc Region
Petr Paulis (2001): Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mahren und Schlesien; Kuttna, Kutná Hora p69-73
  • Pardubice Region
    • Hlinsko
      • Svratouch
Malec, J., Veselovský, F., Šrein, V., Škoda, R. (2013): Zlato a Bi-minerály ve skarnech Českomoravské vrchoviny. – Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 98, 1, 23–31.
  • Plzeň Region
    • Nepomuk (Pomuk)
Litochleb, J.: Mineralogie zlatonosného zrudnění z dolu Jakub u Kasejovic (jz. Čechy). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 102-112.
  • South Bohemian Region
    • Strakonice
      • Bělčice
        • Újezdec
Litochleb J.: Zlatonosné žíly v Újezdci u Bělčic. Sborník Jihočeského muzea v Českých Budějovicích, Přírodní vědy, 1984, 24, 73-80.
  • South Moravian Region
    • Moravský Krumlov
Malec, J., Veselovský, F., Šrein, V., Škoda, R. (2013): Zlato a Bi-minerály ve skarnech Českomoravské vrchoviny. – Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 98, 1, 23–31.
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
      • Wadi Allaqi District
        • Wadi Haimur
Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Orivesi
Kinnunen, Aulis 2008. A paleoproterozoic high-sulfidation epithermal deposit at Orivesi, Southern Finland. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A. Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 507.
  • Brittany
    • Côtes-d'Armor
      • Saint-Gildas
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 83.
  • Pest
    • Börzsöny Mts
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985; Zajzon N, Szakáll S, Kristály F, Hartai É, Fehér B (2014) Pb-Bi-(Ag)-sulphosalts from Nagybörzsöny, Hungary. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 136
  • Lorestan
    • Ashour Abad
Nezafatis, N. (2006): Au-Sn-W-Cu Mineralization in the Astaneh-Sarband Area, West Central Iran. PhD thesis, University of Tübingen (Germany), 116 pp.
  • Fukui
    • Obama City
Mitsubishi Corporation mineral collection, Ikuno
  • Kagoshima
    • Osumi Peninsula
Am. Min. 75:434-435 (1990)
    • Yakushima-cho
      • Yakushima Island
XRD confirmation by Hori Mineralogy, Tokyo, and F. Keutsch, Harvard.
  • Tochigi
Shimizu et al (1999) Memoirs of Tochigi Prefectural Museum, 16, 89-101.
  • Yamaguchi
    • Mine City
Nagashima, M., Akasaka, M., & Morifuku, Y. (2016). Ore and Skarn Mineralogy of the Yamato Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, with Emphasis on Silver‐, Bismuth‐, Cobalt‐, and Tin‐bearing Sulfides. Resource Geology, 66(1), 37-54.
  • Akmola
    • Ereymentau
Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Ridder
Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.; Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer, Cham.
  • District of Kosovska Mitrovica
    • Kosovska Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
Kołodziejczyk, J., Pršek, J., Melfos, V., Voudouris, P. C., Maliqi, F., & Kozub-Budzyń, G. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the Stan Terg deposit (Trepça, Kosovo). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(3), 317-333.
  • High Atlas Mtn
    • Tichka massif
Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. , France.
New Zealand
  • South Island
    • Tasman Region
      • Aorere Goldfield
Rabone, S.D.C. (1977) Molybdenum-base metal-bismuth mineralisation at Eliot Creek, Karamea Bend, and Taipo Spur, North-west Nelson, New Zealand. (Unpublished PhD thesis), University of Auckland, New Zealand.
  • Nordland
    • Ballangen
Karup-Møller, S. (1973): A giessenite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the Bjørkåsen sulphide deposit at Ofoten in Northern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 53: 41-64; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 34
  • Balochistan
    • Chagai District
AKHTER, Q. J., XUE, C., GHAFAR, A. and XIANG, K. (2014), The Saindak Porphyry Cu (-Ag) Deposits in Chagai, Western Pakistan: Alteration, Mineralization Characteristics and Genesis. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 593–594
  • Lower Silesia
    • Jawor District
      • Bolków commune
        • Radzimowice (Stara Góra)
          • Stara Góra deposit
1. R. Siuda, 2001 : New sulphate minerals from the Stara Góra oxidised zone, Radzimowice, Kaczawskie Mts., Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, vol 18, 186-188
    • Kamienna Góra
      • Kamienna góra commune
        • Czarnów
Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
        • Rędziny
Domańska, J.: Rędziny. Otoczak, nr. 29, p. 38-52. ; Pieczka, A., Gołębiowska, B., & Parafiniuk, J. (2011). Gold in sulfide-telluride assemblages at Rędziny, Rudawy Janowickie Range. Gold in Poland, AM Monograph, (2), 119-134.
  • Bragança
    • Macedo de Cavaleiros
      • Murçós
Antunes, I.M.H.R., Gomes, M.E.P., Neiva, A.M.R., and Teixeira, R.J.S. (2010): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2010.
  • Harghita
    • Ditrău (Ditró)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
  • Altai Krai
    • Rudnyi Altai
Eremin, N. I.; Okrugin, V. M.; Pozdnyakova, N. V.; Sergeeva, N. E. (1973): Mineralogy of the Strezhanskoe chalcopyrite-complex ore deposit at the Rudnii Altai. Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Seriya 4: Geologiya, 28, 58-75 (in Russian).
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Bodaibo
      • Lena Gold District
        • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
  • Kabardino-Balkaria
    • Baksan valley
      • Tyrnyauz Mo-W deposit
Parada, S. G., & Stolyarov, V. V. (2012, August). Relation of gold mineralization on the northern flank of the Tyrnyauz deposit to intrusive complexes, Kabardino-Balkar Republic. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 445, No. 2, pp. 939-942). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Arminsky ore district
      • Vostok
Gvozdev, V. I., & Tsepin, A. I. (2005). Bismuth Mineralization in the Ores of the Vostok-2 Deposit (Primor'e Region, Russia). Geology of Ore Deposits, 47(2), 132-145.; Gvozdev, V. I. (2001) The Arminsky Ore District. pp87-97 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
[MinRec 32:8]
Simanenko, L.F. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(4), 290-303; Simanenko, L. F. (2007). Modes of trace element occurrence in galena from the Partizansky base metal-skarn deposit, Primorye. Russian Journal of Pacific Geology, 1(2), 144-152.
    • Malinovsky cluster
Gvozdev, V.I., Dobroshevsky, K.N., Vakh, A.S. et al. (2016): Malinovka deposit—A new type of gold mineralization in Primorye, Russia: Geology, mineralogy, and genesis. Russ. J. of Pac. Geol. 10, 34-49.
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Kunashir Island
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
      • Vershino-Darasunskiy
Prokofiev, V. Y., Garofalo, P. S., Bortnikov, N. S., Kovalenker, V. A., Zorina, L. D., Grichuk, D. V., & Selektor, S. L. (2010). Fluid inclusion constraints on the genesis of gold in the Darasun district (Eastern Transbaikalia), Russia. Economic Geology, 105(2), 395-416.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Revúca Co.
      • Chyžné
Bálintová T., Ozdín D.,2006:Sulphosalts from Chyžné-Herichová in the Western Carpathians (Slovakia). Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.8
  • Košice Region
    • Michalovce Co.
Bacsó,Z.,Ďuďa,R.,1988: Metalogenéza a rudné formácie rudného poľa Remetské Hámre. Min.Slovaca,Bratislava, 3, 193-220p
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
S.M.C. Verryn et al (1991) Gold and associated ore minerals of the Waaikraal deposit, northwest of Brits, Bushveld Complex, Eur. J. Mineral, 3, pp. 451-466.
South Korea
  • North Gyeongsang Province
    • Youngdong
Econ Geol 92 (1997) 92:60-80
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Alosno
        • Tharsis
          • Tharsis Mines
Tornos, F., González Clavijo, E., and Spiro, B. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 150-169.
    • Málaga
      • Estepona
Romero Silva,JC; Martos J; Navarro Garcia,JM (2012). La Mina Conchita de Estepona (Malaga). un raro yacimiento de metales complejos en Sierra Bermeja. Edita Anuario de Estudios sobre Ronda y la Serrania Takurunna nº2; año 2012 pag.9.
      • Mijas
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Malpica
Minero, G. (2014) Tellurides, sulfides and sulfosalts in the mineral paragenesis of the Corcoesto orogenic gold deposit, NW Spain. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 92
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
      • Svärdsjö
        • Svartvik Mines
No reference listed
  • Jönköping
    • Vetlanda
      • Alseda
No reference listed
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
      • Persberg district
No reference listed
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
      • Skellefte mining district
        • Boliden
Wagner, T., & Jonsson, E. (2001). Mineralogy of sulfosalt-rich vein-type ores, Boliden massive sulfide deposit, Skellefte district, northern Sweden. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(3), 855-872.
  • Västra Götaland
    • Vänersborg
      • Väne Ryr
No reference listed
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
      • Albigna Valley
Schweizer Strahler, Vol. 9 Nr. 11 Aug. 1993
  • Sughd
Dmitriy I. Belakovskiy (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 101-112.; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Penzance
        • Newlyn
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Cumbria
      • Eden
        • Mungrisdale
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cook, N.J., Ciobanu, C.L., Wagner, T., and Stanley, C.J. (2007) Minerals of the system Bi–Te–Se–S related to the tetradymite archetype: review of classification and compositional variation. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(4), 665-708.; BMS Database
      • South Lakeland
        • Coniston
BMS Database
  • Alaska
    • Juneau Borough
      • Juneau District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Idaho
    • Custer Co.
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Battle Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Myer Creek District
        • Buckhorn Mountain
          • Southwest Zone and Gold Bowl (Crown Jewel) Zone
Mineral and/or Locality  
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