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Kaersutite

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About KaersutiteHide

Formula:
{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
The Kaersutite group minerals are WO2- dominant amphiboles defined with :
A(Na+K+2Ca)> 0.5 apfu,
B: Ca dominant
CTi > 0.5 apfu and
WO > 1.0 apfu


Kaersutite is defined with
A position: Na dominant
C2+ position: Mg dominant
C3+ position: Al dominant
Colour:
Dark brown to black
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5 - 6
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
For the locality at Qaersut (Kaersut), Uummannaq (Umanak) Firth, northern Greenland
The chemical formula of kaersutite has been changed in the 2012 amphibole nomenclature from {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Ti}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)O to {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2 thus adding WO > 1.0 apfu to the CTi > 0.5 apfu requirement to the definition of the mineral. The exact WO2-/(OH)- ratio is rarely analysed and the amphibole report "use Ti content as a proxy for the oxo component in pargasite, and define kaersutite as having CTi >0.50 apfu (≈O2- > 1.00 apfu). However, if the O2- content is known from chemical or crystal-chemical analysis, it takes precedence over use of the Ti content as a proxy.


Classification of KaersutiteHide

Approved
8/F.10-150
9.DE.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles
66.1.3a.18

66 : INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
1 : Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
16.14.4

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
14 : Aluminosilicates of Ti, Zr, Sn and Pb

Physical Properties of KaersutiteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Dark brown to black
Streak:
Pale brownish-grey
Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {110}

Optical Data of KaersutiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.670 - 1.689 nβ = 1.690 - 1.741 nγ = 1.700 - 1.772
2V:
Measured: 66° to 82°, Calculated: 68° to 72°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.030 - 0.083
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of KaersutiteHide

Formula:
{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2

The Kaersutite group minerals are WO2- dominant amphiboles defined with :
A(Na+K+2Ca)> 0.5 apfu,
B: Ca dominant
CTi > 0.5 apfu and
WO > 1.0 apfu


Kaersutite is defined with
A position: Na dominant
C2+ position: Mg dominant
C3+ position: Al dominant
IMA Formula:
NaCa2(Mg3AlTi4+)(Si6Al2)O22O2
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mn,K,F,H2O

Age distributionHide

Recorded ages:
Phanerozoic : 146 ± 4.2 Ma to 60.5 ± 20.2 Ma - based on 14 recorded ages.

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
 123
SiO238,24 %40,73 %39,12 %
TiO25,61 %8,47 %2,97 %
Al2O315,16 %10,62 %14,67 %
Fe2O31,24 %1,39 %4,82 %
FeO11,30 %11,91 %6,14 %
MnO0,16 %0,25 %0,05 %
MgO9,48 %10,46 %14,37 %
CaO13,36 %10,40 %12,36 %
Na2O2,21 %2,92 %2,02 %
K2O1,16 %1,33 %2,09 %
H2O+1,83 %1,97 %2,27 %
H2O-0,04 %0,23 %0,07 %
Total:96 %94 %97 %
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Lugar Sill, East Ayrshire, Scotland, UKHowie, R.A. (1963) Kaersutite from the Lugar sill, Ayrshire, and from alnöite breccia, Alnö Island, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 33, n° 263, 718-720.
2Morotu river, Morotu, Sakhalin Island, Sakhalinskaya Oblast', Far-Eastern Region, RussiaYagi, Kenzo (1953) Petrochemical studies on the alkalic rocks of the Morotu district, Sakhalin. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 64, 769-810.
3Hovid, Alnö, Sundsvall, Medelpad, SwedenHowie, R.A. (1963) Kaersutite from the Lugar sill, Ayrshire, and from alnöite breccia, Alnö Island, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 33, n° 263, 718-720.
4Erongo Mountain, Karibib, Erongo Region, NamibiaWigand, M., Schmitt, A. K., Trumbull, R. B., Villa, I. M., Emmermann, R. (2004) Short-liived magmatic activity in an anorogenic subvolcanic complex: 40Ar/39Ar and ion microprobe U-Pb zircon dating of the Erongo, Damaraland, Namibia. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 130 (3-4) 285-305.
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Crystallography of KaersutiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.89 Å, b = 18.05 Å, c = 5.31 Å
β = 105.41°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.548 : 1 : 0.294
Unit Cell V:
913.83 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystallographic forms of KaersutiteHide

Crystal Atlas:
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Kaersutite - {010}, {110}, {011}, modified
Kaersutite - {011}, {010}, {110}, modified
Kaersutite - {110}, {010}, {011}, modified
Kaersutite - Contact twin on {100}
Kaersutite - {110}, {010}, {011}, modified
Kaersutite - Prismatic [001], with epitaxial augite
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Type Occurrence of KaersutiteHide

Synonyms of KaersutiteHide

Other Language Names for KaersutiteHide

German:Kaersutit
Simplified Chinese:钛闪石
钛角闪石
Spanish:Kaersutita

Varieties of KaersutiteHide

LinositeA ferri-kaersutite or ferrian oxy-kaersutite

Relationship of Kaersutite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Ferro-kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2Mon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Pyrope3 photos of Kaersutite associated with Pyrope on mindat.org.
Apatite3 photos of Kaersutite associated with Apatite on mindat.org.
Titanian Augite3 photos of Kaersutite associated with Titanian Augite on mindat.org.
Nepheline3 photos of Kaersutite associated with Nepheline on mindat.org.
Titanite2 photos of Kaersutite associated with Titanite on mindat.org.
Hematite2 photos of Kaersutite associated with Hematite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DE.Clino-suenoite□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.DE.05Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name☐{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
9.DE.05Grunerite☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Permanganogrunerite☐{Mn2+2}{Mn2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Ferro-fluoro-pedrizite{Na}{Li2}{Fe2Al2Li}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferri-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Joesmithite{Pb}{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Be2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10CannilloiteCa(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite☐{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-ferri-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-chloro-edenite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Fe2+4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Magnesiotaramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3AlFe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Mangano-ferri-eckermannite{Na}{Na2}{Mn2+4Fe3+}Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangano-mangani-ungarettiiteNaNa2(Mn2+2Mn3+3)(Si8O22)O2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeiteNa(Na2)(Fe2+2Fe3+2Li)(Si8O22)(F)2Mon.
9.DE.25Sodic-ferri-clinoferroholmquistiteNa0.5{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraite{Na}{Na2}{MgMn3+2LiTi4+}Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

66.1.3a.1Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
66.1.3a.4Alumino-magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
66.1.3a.6Aluminotschermakite☐{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
66.1.3a.10Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
66.1.3a.12Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
66.1.3a.16Magnesiosadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.14.1ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2OOrth.
16.14.2VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.14.3RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]Tric. 1 : P1
16.14.5Ferro-kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2Mon.
16.14.6JonesiteBa4(K,Na)2Ti4Al2(Si3O9)2(SiO4)4O2 · 6H2OOrth.
16.14.7Lourenswalsite(K,Ba)2(Ti,Mg,Ca,Fe)4(Si,Al,Fe)6O14(OH)12Hex.
16.14.8Labuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2OMon.
16.14.9KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
16.14.10EllenbergeriteMg6(Mg,Ti,Zr,◻)2(Al,Mg)6Si8O28(OH)10Hex.
16.14.11Carlosturanite(Mg,Fe,Ti)21(Si,Al)12O28(OH)34•H2OMon.
16.14.12EakeriteCa2SnAl2Si6O18(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
16.14.13PlumalsitePb4Al2(SiO3)7
16.14.14WickenburgiteCaPb3Al2Si10O24(OH)6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
16.14.15MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
16.14.16Hancockite{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.
16.14.17BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
16.14.18MathewrogersitePb7FeAl3GeSi12O36(OH,H2O)6Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Kaersutite in petrologyHide

References for KaersutiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kitamura, M., Tokonami, M. (1971) The crystal structure of kaersutite. Sci. Rep Tohoku Univ., ser. 3: 11: 125-141.
Hawthorne, F.C., Grundy, H.D. (1973) The crystal chemistry of the amphiboles. II. Refinement of the crystal structure of oxykaersutite. Mineralogical Magazine: 39: 390-400.
Kitamura, M., Tokonami, M., Koto, K., Horiuchi, H., Morimoto, N. (1973) Cation ordering in kaersutite by neutron diffraction. Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Japan: 11: 49.
Kitamura, M., Tokonami, M., Morimoto, N. (1975) Distribution of titanium atoms in oxy-kaersutite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 51: 167-172.
Garcia, M. (1980) Volatiles in Ti-rich amphibole megacrysts, southwest USA. American Mineralogist: 65: 306-312.
Jirak, Z., Pechar, F., Vratislav S. (1986) Distribution of cations and the proton location in kaersutite. Cryst. Res. Technol.: 21: 1517-1519.
Pechar, F., Fuess, H., Joswig, W. (1989) Refinement of the crystal structure of kaersutite (Vlčí Hora, Bohemia) from neutron diffraction. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 137-143.
Dyar, M.D., Mackwell, S.J., McGuire, A.V., Cross, L.R., Robertson, J.D. (1993) Crystal chemistry of Fe 3+ and H+ in mantle kaersutite: implications for mantle metasomatism. American Mineralogist: 78: 968-979.
Popp, R.K., Virgo, D., Phillips, M. (1995) H deficiency in kaersutitic amphiboles: experimental verification. American Mineralogist: 80: 1347-1350.
Mandarino, J.A. (1998) The Second List of Additions and Corrections to the Glossary of Mineral Species (1995). The Amphibole Group. Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.
Tiepolo, M., Zanetti, A., Oberti, R. (1999) Detection, crystal-chemical mechanisms and petrological implications of [6]Ti 4+ partitioning in pargasite and kaersutite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 11: 345-354.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44(1): 1-21.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Harlow, G.E., Maresch, W.V., Martin, R.F., Schumacher, J.C., Welch, M.D. (2012) Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup. American Mineralogist: 97: 2031–2048.

Internet Links for KaersutiteHide

Localities for KaersutiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Tamanghasset Province
    • Ahaggar Mtn (Hoggar Mtn)
      • Laouni
J.P. Lorand and J.Y. Cottin, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 373-378.
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1001-1024.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
      • Allan Hills
Ikeda, Y (1998) Petrology of Magmatic Silicate Inclusions in the ALH77005 Lherzolitic Shergottite: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4): 803-812. (Jul 1998)
      • Elephant Moraine
http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/antmet/mmc/EETA79001.pdf
      • Ross Island
Kyle et al (1992) Journal of Petrology, 33, 849-875.
  • Western Antarctica
    • Marie Byrd Land
      • Executive Committee Range
R.H. Grapes et al. , Mineralogical Magazine , August 2003, Vol. 67, N°4, pp. 639-651.
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
    • Sierra Leone fracture zone
      • Markov Deep
Sharkov, E.V., Abramov, S.S., Simonov, V.A., Krinov, D.I., Skolotnev, S.G., Bel’tenev, V.E., and Bortnikov, N.S. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 467-486.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Brisbane Co.
Martin, D.J. (1984) Titanian aegirine in a teschenite sill. 48: 529-531
  • Victoria
    • Bass Coast Shire
      • Phillip Island
        • Kitty Miller Bay
    • City of Greater Geelong
      • Anakie
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
    • Corangamite Shire
      • Camperdown
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
    • Mornington Peninsula Shire
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
  • Western Australia
    • Carnarvon Shire
      • Wandagee Station
Department of Mines Western Australia (1990), Geology and Mineral Resources of Western Australia, Geological Survey of Western Australia, Department of Mines Western Australia, State Government of Western Australia, 1990
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Lake Way Station
        • Honeymoon Well complex
Gole, M., Woodhouse, M.(2000), Disseminated and Massive Nickel Sulphide Deposits Honeymoon Well Complex Western Australia, (ed) Gordon Lister, Geological Research for the Exploration Industry, Journal of the Virtual Explorer, electronic edition, ISSN 1441-8142, Vol 1, Paper 2, 2000
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Oberpullendorf
      • Kobersdorf
        • Pauliberg
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Brazil
 
  • Ceará
www.agp.org.br/acervo/geociencias/Guimaraes-Ignez2.htm.; Sial, A. N. (1987). The Tertiary alkaline province of Fortaleza, State of Ceará, Brazil: oxygene isotopes and REE-geochemistry. Geoch. Brasil, 1, 41-51.
  • Espírito Santo
    • Vitória
Mineralogical Magazine 1998 62 : 687-695.
  • Santa Catarina
1995, Geochimica Brasiliensis, 8: 179-214.; G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
Cameroon
 
  • North Region
Ngounouno, I., Moreau, Ch., Deruelle, B., Demaiffe, D., Montigny, R. (2001): Petrologie du complexe alcalin sous-sature de Kokoumi (Cameroun). Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France. 172 (6), 675-686.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
Edingtonite and Natrolite from Ice river, British Columbia, Grice, Gault, 1981; Mineralogical Record 12 221-226; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Thomas Mumford (2007) Dykes of the Moose Creek Valley, Ice River Alkaline Complex, southeastern BC. MSc thesis University of New Brunswick.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Yarmouth Co.
Canadian Mineralogist 38:217-232 (2000)
  • Ontario
    • Nipissing District
      • North Bay area
FERGUSON, J. & CURRIE, K.L. (1972) The geology and petrology of the alkaline carbonatite complex at Callander Bay, Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada bulletin 217, 107 p.
    • Thunder Bay District
Mitchell (1991)
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Réservoir-Dozois
Olivier Langelier Collection
    • Estrie
      • Le Granit RCM
CURRIE, K.L.(1976) The Alkaline Rocks of Canada. Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin 239.
    • Lanaudière
      • L'Assomption RCM
        • L'Épiphanie
PHILPOTS, A.R. & HODGSON, C.J. (1968) The role of liquid inmiscibility in alkaline rock genesis. Proceedings 23rd International Geological Congress. vol. 2, 175-188.
    • Montérégie
      • Brome-Missisquoi RCM
WOUSSEN,G. & VALIQUETTE, G. (1972) The geology of the Brome and Shefford igneous complexes. 24th International Geological Congress, Canada. Guide B-13: 1-15.
DRESSER, J.A. (1902) Report on the geology and petrography of Shefford Mountain. Geological Survey of Canada, Annual Report 13, L: 1-35.
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
      • Le Haut-Richelieu RCM
WOOLEY, A.R. (1987) In: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 1: North and South America. Published by University of Texas Press, Austin. 54.
      • Rouville RCM
GANDHI, S.S. (1970) Petrology of the Monteregian intrusion of Mont Yamaska, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 452-484.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Chartrand (1999)
Lacroix (1890)
      • Montréal-Est
McGill U. XRD & EMPA WDS; Alarie, E. and Martin, R.F., (2006) Striking Megacrysts of Potassian Titanian Pargasite in a Camptonite Dike in East-End Montreal, Quebec in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 31
Cape Verde
 
  • Barlavento Islands
De Ignacio, C., Muñoz, M., & Sagredo, J. (2012). Carbonatites and associated nephelinites from Sao Vicente, Cape Verde Islands. Mineralogical magazine, 76(2), 311-355.
China
 
Chun Zhai, Jinhui Lin, and Xiasheng Gong (1999): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 19(1), 63-69
Shuguang Song, Lifei Zhang, Jing Chen, Liou, J.G., and Yaoling Niu (2005): American Mineralogist 90, 814-820.
Czech Republic
 
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Nová Paka (Neupaka)
http://www.mineralos.cz/lokality/hridele/uhride.htm
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Kraslice (Graslitz)
Beran, P.: Mineralogie ložiska Cu (Ag, Au, Co) rud Tisová u Kraslic. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 65-77.
  • Liberec Region
    • Jizerské Mtn (Iser Mtn)
Kotrlý, M., Malíková, P., Holub F. X.: Malá Jizerská louka, klasické naleziště drahokamové asociace. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 25-40. and Kotrlý, M., Malíková, P.: Klasická lokalita Malá Jizerská louka. Minerál, 2002, roč. 10, č. 4, s. 251 - 262.
    • Kozákov (Kosakow)
Pauliš, P.: Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2000, s. 57-58.
  • Moravia-Silesia Region
    • Frýdlant nad Ostravicí
      • Kunčice pod Ondřejníkem
Kudělásek, V., Mandour, M. A., Matýsek, D.: Výskyt witheritu a barytu v těšínitických horninách na lokalitě Kunčice pod Ondřejníkem. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1989, roč. 34, č. 2, s. 205-207.
  • Plzeň Region
    • Černošín (Tschernoschin)
Navrátil, Z., Šrein, V.: Krystalovaný olivín v tufech Vlčí hory u Černošína. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 177-178; Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1989): 137-143..
    • Klatovy (Klattau)
Cílek, V., Černý, P., Palivcová, M.: Tremolitické horniny z okolí Tětic u Klatov (západočeské svrchní proterozoikum). Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1984, roč. 29, č. 3, s. 235-254.
    • Konstantinovy Lázně
Shrbený, O. (1979): Geochemistry of the West Bohemian neovolcanics. - Čas.mineral. geol., 24, 1, 9-21.
  • Ústí Region
    • Bílina (Bilin)
Ulrych, J., Kašpar, P.: Physical and chemical properties of the oxikaersutite from Lukov, NW Bohemia, Czechoslovakia. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1977, vol. 21, nos. 3-4, s. 245-265.
    • Chomutov (Komotau)
Roman Gramblicka collection
    • Děčín (Tetschen)
Pauliš P. Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech, part I. Kuttna 2000, Kutná Hora
    • Kadaň (Kaaden)
Roman Gramblicka collection
    • Teplice (Teplitz)
      • Bořislav (Boreslau)
Pauliš, P. Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech, Kuttna, Kzutná Hora, 2000.
Denmark (TL)
 
  • Greenland
    • Qaasuitsup
      • Uummannaq (Umanak)
Am Min 78 (1993), 968
    • Qeqqata
      • Kangerlussuaq Fjord (Søndre Strømfjord)
        • Kangerlussuaq complex
MinRec 16:485-494
    • Sermersooq
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1039-1056.
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Joensuu
      • Eno
Vuollo, J. I. 1988. Kolin kerrosjuonten petrologia-Kaunisniemen profiili. Pohjois-Karjalan malmiprojekti, Oulun Yliopisto, raportti 16, 122 s.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Cantal
      • Menet
Etienne Médard (work in progress)
    • Haute-Loire
      • Fay-sur-Lignon
        • Saint-Front
Collected by François Périnet
      • Saint-Julien-Chapteuil
        • Saint-Pierre-Eynac
C. Cotonian et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 89-95.
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Saint-Alyre-ès-Montagne
Collected by François Périnet
  • French Polynesia
    • Marquesas Islands
Legendre C., Maury R.C., Caroff M., Guillou H., Cotten J., Chauvel C., Bollinger C., Hémond C., Guille G., Blais S., Rossi P., Savanier D. (2005): Origin of exceptionally abundant phonolites on Ua Pou island (Marquesas, French Polynesia): Partial melting of basanites followed by crustal contamination. Journal of Petrology, 46, (9), 1925-1962.
  • Grand Est
    • Haute-Marne
      • Chassigny
Floran, R. J., Prinz, M., Hlava, P. F., Keil, K., Nehru, C. E., & Hinthorne, J. R. (1978). The Chassigny meteorite: A cumulate dunite with hydrous amphibole-bearing melt inclusions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 42(8), 1213-1229.; McCubbin, F. M., & Nekvasil, H. (2008). Maskelynite-hosted apatite in the Chassigny meteorite: Insights into late-stage magmatic volatile evolution in martian magmas. American Mineralogist, 93(4), 676-684.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Massat
        • Le Port
          • Col d'Agnès
            • Etang de Lherz
J.L. Bodinier et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 345-358
J.L. Bodinier et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 345-358 / J.P. Lorand, 1989, Lithos, 23, 281-299
    • Aveyron
      • Asprières
Leconte J., Hatert F., Grégoire L., (2016) - Bréziès, Asprières, Aveyron, France - Micromonteurs, p. 55
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Saint-Laurent-de-Cerdans
Guitard, G. (2010): Catalogue raisonné de la collection de minéralogie régionale, C.E.R.P. de Tautavel, 139.
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Andernach
        • Kruft
Duda, A., Schmincke HU., Quaternary Basanites, Melilite Nephelinites + Tephrites from the Laacher See area, N.Jb.Miner.Abh. 132, 1-33, Stuttgart, April 1978
        • Nickenich
Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
      • Daun
        • Brück
Dyar, M.D., Mackwell, S.J., Mc Guire, A.V., Cross L.R., Robertson, J.D. (1993): Crystal chemistry of Fe3+ and H+ in mantle Kaersutite: Implications for mantle metasomatism, American Mineralogist, Vol. 78, pp. 968-979
      • Gerolstein
        • Rockeskyll
          • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
Riley, T., Bailey, K., lloyd, F.,, Extrusive carbonatite from the quaternary Rockeskyll complex, West Eifel, Germany, Canadian Mineralogist, Vol 34, 389-401, 1996
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
[Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors]
            • Wingertsberg
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
      • Mendig
        • Bell
Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
      • Polch
        • Ochtendung
P & E Medard collection
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Hetvehely
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
      • Hosszúhetény
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
  • Nógrád Co.
    • Karancs-Medves Mts
      • Bárna
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
      • Salgótarján
      • Somoskő
      • Szilaspagony
India
 
  • Bihar
    • Gaya District
Treiman, A. H. (1985). Amphibole and hercynite spinel in Shergotty and Zagami: Magmatic water, depth of crystallization, and metasomatism. Meteoritics, 20(2), 229-243.
  • Maharashtra
    • Mumbai District (Bombay District)
      • Murud-Janjira
A.G. Dessai et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1990, 2, pp. 667-685.
Iraq
 
  • Iraqi Kurdistan
    • Sulaymaniyah province
      • Qala-Diz (Qala-Dizeh; Qala-Diza)
        • Hero
Al-Hermezi, H. M., McKie, D., & Hall, A. J. (1986). Baghdadite, a new calcium zirconium silicate mineral from Iraq. Mineralogical Magazine, 50, 119-123.; Al-Hermezi, H. M. (1985). Qandilite, a new spinel end-member, Mg 2 TiO 4, from the Qala-Dizeh region, NE Iraq. Mineralogical Magazine, 49(354), 739-744.
Italy
 
  • Apulia
    • Foggia Province
      • Gargano Promontory
        • Lesina
Russo, M. (2008): I minerali delle Vulcaniti di Punta delle Pietre Nere nel Gargano (Lesina, Foggia, Italy). MICRO (località). Periodico dell'Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, 2008(2). 227-244.
  • Sicily
    • Agrigento Province (Girgenti Province)
      • Pelagie Islands (Pelagian Islands)
Journal of Petrology, 4, #2, 198-210 (1963); Henry Stephens Washington (1908) American Journal of Science, Series 4, V 26, 187-211.
Washington H. S., Wright F.E. (1908): On kaersutite from Linosa and Greenland, with optical studies. Amer. Journ. Sci., ser. 4, 26, 187-211.
    • Catania Province
      • Etna Volcanic Complex
http://perso.club-internet.fr/rivierec/decembre_-_novembre_2001.htm.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Fiemme Valley
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Folie K. (Ed.) (1984): I minerali del Trentino e dell'Alto Adige. Tappainer, Merano, 192pp.
Japan
 
  • Chugoku Region
    • Shimane Prefecture
      • Oki Islands
Nishikubo collection
  • Hokkaido
    • Hidaka Province
      • Samani-gun
        • Samani-cho
          • Horoman peridotite body
E. Takazawa et al. , Journal of Petrology, V 40, N 12, December 1999, pp. 1827-1851.
Jersey
 
Mineralogical Magazine 1977 41 : 183-192
Mineralogical Magazine 1977 41 : 183-192
Mineralogical Magazine 1977 41 : 183-192
Mauritius
 
Baxter, A.N., Upton, B.G.J., White, W.M. (1985) Petrology and geochemistry of Rodrigues Island, Indian Ocean. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 89, 1, 90-101.
Morocco
 
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
  • L'oriental Region
    • Taourirt Province
      • Taourirt
Journal of Petrology, Vol. 44, Number 5, 2003, pp. 937-965.
Monkawa, A., Mikouchi, T., Miyamoto, M., & Koizumi, E. (2002). Formation of Titanium-rich Kaersutites in Shergottitic Martian Meteorites. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 37, A103.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
[http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Marlborough Region
      • Ward
Grapes, R.H. (1975) Petrology of the Blue Mountain Complex, Marlborough, New Zealand. Journal of Petrology, 16:2, 371-428.
    • Otago Region
      • Dunedin City
Kyle, P.R., Price, R.C. (1975) Occurrences of Rhönite in Alkalic Lavas of the McMurdo Volccanic Group, Antarctica, and Dundedin Volcano, New Zealand. American Mineralogist, 60: 722-725.
      • Waitaki District
Merrill, R.B., Wyllie, P.J. (1975) Kaersutite and kaersutite eclogite from Kakanui, New Zealand—water-excess and water-deficient melting to 30 kilobars. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 86(4), 555-570.
Mason, B. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 19, 316-327.
        • Oamaru
          • Alma
Reay, A., Chappell, D., Garden, B. (2002) A new garnet‐bearing mineral breccia from North Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 45:4, 461-466.
Northwest Africa Meteorites
 
Mikouchi, T., Monkawa, A., Koizumi, E., Chokai, J. & Miyamoto, M. (2005) MIL03346 Nakhlite and NWA2737 "Diderot" Chassignite: Two New Martian Cumulate Rocks from Hot and Cold Deserts (abstract): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXVI, abs#1944. (March 2005).; He, Q., Xiao, L. & McSween, H. Y. (2010) Melt Inclusions in the Second Chassignite NWA 2737: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLI, LPI Contribution No. 1533, p.1344. (March 2010).; He, Q., Xiao, L., Hsu, W., Balta, J. B., McSween, Harry Y. & Liu, Yang (2013) The water content and parental magma of the second chassignite NWA 2737: Clues from trapped melt inclusions in olivine: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 48(3): 474-492. (March 2013).
Norway
 
  • Hedmark
    • Hamar
Carstens, H. (1963): On variolitic structure. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 223, 26-42
  • Oppland
    • Gran
Scott, P.W. (1980): Zoned Pyroxenes and Amphiboles from Camptonites Near Gran, Oslo Region, Norway. Mineralogical Magazine, 43 : 913-917.
  • Oslo
    • Grorud
Kvamsdal, L. O. (1999): Mineralene fra Huken pukkverk i Oslo. STEIN 26 (4), 14-47
Paraguay
 
  • Paraguarí Department
DHZ, Vol. 2B, 2nd ed., pp. 460-461.
Poland
 
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
Włodyka R. 2003: SPINEL MINERALS IN PICRITE ROCKS OF THE TESCHENITEPICRITE FORMATION. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 22, pp. 228-230
Portugal
 
  • Azores
    • São Miguel Island
      • Ponta Delgada
Storey, M.(1985): Petrology of volcanic rocks from Sao Miguel and Faial, Azores Islands, Thesis, ProQuest LLC (2016)
  • Lisbon District
    • Cascais
      • Alcabideche
        • Biscaia
Carta Geológica de Portugal (1/50.000), Notícia Explicativa da Folha 34-A SINTRA, M.Ramalho, J.Pais, J.Rey, P.Y.Berthou, C.A.M.Alves, T.Palácios, N.Leal, M.C.Kullberg, Serviços Geológicos de Portugal, Lisboa 1993.
Rui Nunes 2010
      • Belas
Palácios, T. (1985) - Petrologia do Complexo vulcânico de Lisboa. Tese Doutoramento Univ. Lisboa, 260 p.
Carta Geológica de Portugal (1/50.000), Notícia Explicativa da Folha 34-A SINTRA, M.Ramalho, J.Pais, J.Rey, P.Y.Berthou, C.A.M.Alves, T.Palácios, N.Leal, M.C.Kullberg, Serviços Geológicos de Portugal, Lisboa 1993.
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
Hirtopanu Paulina, Andersen C. Jens, Fairhurst J. Robert and Jakab Gyula (2013) Allanite-(Ce) and its associations, from the Ditrau alkaline intrusive massif. Proc. Rom. Acad., Series B, 2013, 15(1), p. 59–74
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
        • Aldan
Shcheka, S. A., Ignat’ev, A. V., Nechaev, V. P., & Zvereva, V. P. (2006). First diamonds from placers in Primorie. Petrology, 14(3), 299-317.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Ayan-Maya district
        • Aldan shield
Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
    • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
      • Sakhalin Island
Yagi, K. (1953) Bull. Geol. Soc. Am., 64, 769-810.
        • Morotu (Morotsu; Morutu)
Yagi, Kenzo (1953) Petrochemical studies on the alkalic rocks of the Morotu district, Sakhalin. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 64, 769-810.; Howie, R.A. (1963) Kaersutite from the Lugar sill, Ayrshire, and from alnöite breccia, Alnö Island, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 33, n° 263, 718-720 [contains an analysis of kaersutite from "Tyaki, Morotu, Sakhalin, URSS" and referring to Yagi, 1953].
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
Saint Helena
 
Alok Krishna Gupta (2015) Origin of Potassium-rich Silica-deficient Igneous Rocks. Springer India
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Lučenec Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
M. Huraiova et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 901-916.
      • Podrečany
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
      • Hajnáčka
Uher P., Gregáňová G., Szakall S., 2006: Sapphire-bearingh syenite xenolith from Gortva, Cérová Mountains, Slovakia. Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.124
  • Nitra Region
    • Levice Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Červenica
Duda,R. et. all.,1981: MIneralogia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca,Monografia 2, Bratislava, 98p
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
South Korea
 
  • Gyeongsangbuk-do (Kyongsang-bukto; Gyeongsangbugdo)
    • Ulleung-gun
Atsuo Harumoto (1970) Volcanic Rocks and Associated Rocks of Utsuryoto Island, (Japan Sea). (39pp + geological map)
Lee, M.W. (1982) journal of the Japan Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 77, 203-214.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
Canadian Mineralogist 40:67-83
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Fuerteventura
-Barrera J.L.,Fernandez S., Fuster J.M.,Ibarrola E., (1981) Ijolitas-Sienitas-Carbonatitas de los macizos del norte del Complejo Plutónico Basal de Fuerteventura (Islas Canarias). Bol.Geol y Minero T. XCII-IV (309-321).
      • Gran Canaria (Grand Canary)
H.U. Schmincke and M. Sumita : "Tephra Event Stratigraphy and Emplacement of Volcanoclastic Sediments, Mogan and Fataga Stratigraphic Intervals, Part II : Origin and Emplacement of Volcanoclastic Layers", LEG 157—SCIENTIFIC RESULTS (ISSN: 1096-7451), Gran Canaria and Madeira Abyssal Plain, Sites 950-956, http://www-odp.tamu.edu/publications/157_SR/Abstract/15.HTM
        • Tejeda
Frisch, T., Schmincke, H.-U., (1969): Petrology of Clinopyroxene-Amphibole inclusions from the roque nublo volcanics, Gran Canaria, Bulletin of Volcanology, Vol. 33, 1073-1088
    • Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province
      • La Gomera
        • Valle Gran Rey
Eur. J. Mineral. , 2002, 14, pp. 891-904.
Rodríguez-Losada, J.A., and Martínez-Frías, J. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 639-643.
Klügel A, Hansteen TH: Petrologic evolution of a peridotite-, cumulate- and MORB-gabbro-bearing tephriphonolite on La Palma (Canary Islands). Poster, AGU Fall Meeting 1998, San Francisco
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Ciudad Real
Hernández, A., Jébrak, M., Higueras, P., Oyarzun, R., Morata, D., and Munhá, J. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 539-548.; Hernández, A., Jébrak, M., Higueras, P., Oyarzun, R., Morata, D., and Munhá, J. (1999): The Almadén mercury mining district, Spain. Mineralium Deposita 34, 539-548.
Martins da Pedra collection
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Tallante
        • Cabezo Negro de Tallante
S. Capedri et al. : "Upper-mantle xenoliths and megacrysts in an alkali basalt from Tallante, South-eastern Spain", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 685-699.
S. Capedri et al. : "Upper-mantle xenoliths and megacrysts in an alkali basalt from Tallante, South-eastern Spain", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 685-699.
Sweden
 
  • Ångermanland
    • Kramfors
Sandström, F. (1999): Sprickmineraliseringar i postjotnisk diabas i Berghamn, Kramfors, Västernorrlands län. Litiofilen 16 (2): 37-46
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
No reference listed
Howie, R.A. (1963) Kaersutite from the Lugar sill, Ayrshire, and from alnöite breccia, Alnö Island, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 33, n° 263, 718-720.; Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C., and Vikström, J. (2010) Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42.
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Manisa Province
Graham Smith, Marian Holness & Judith Bunbury (2007) Rare magmatic scapolite oikocrysts in cumulate nodules from the Kula Volcanic Province, Western Turkey. Poster 67 Volcanic and Magmatic Studies Group Winter Meeting, 4-5 January, 2007
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
  • Scotland
    • Argyll and Bute
      • Isle of Mull
B.G.J. Upton et al. , Journal of the Geological Society, 1998, V 155, N° 5, pp 813-828.
    • East Ayrshire
Howie, R.A. (1963) Kaersutite from the Lugar sill, Ayrshire, and from alnöite breccia, Alnö Island, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 33, n° 263, 718-720.; http://www.alexstrekeisen.it/english/pluto/lugarite.php
  • Wales
    • Conwy
      • Northern Snowdonia
Merriman, R. J., Bevins, R.E. & Ball, T.K., 1986. Petrology and geochemical variation within the Tal y Fan Intrusion: a study of element mobility during low-grade metamorphism with implications for petro-tectonic modelling. Journal of Petrology, 27, 1409-1436.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 264, 378; Evans, S.H. & Nash (1979); Lynch, D.J. (1976).
    • Coconino Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 264.
    • Gila Co.
      • San Carlos Indian Reservation
Prinz, M., & Nehru, C. E. (1969). Comments on" Kaersutite from San Carlos, Arizona, with comments on the paragenesis of this mineral" by Brian Mason. Mineral. Mag, 37, 333-337.
Garcia, M.O., et al (1980), Volatiles in Ti-rich amphibole megacrysts, southwestern USA, American Mineralogist: 65: 306-312
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 264; Mason, B. (1968), Kaersutite from San Carlos, AZ, with comments on the paragenesis of this mineral, Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 997-1002.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 221; Caporuscio, F.A. (1980), Alkalic lavas from the San Carlos, Arizona province (abstract), Amer. Geophys. Union, 1979 Fall annual meeting.
    • Mohave Co.
      • Hualapai (Hualpai) Mts
McGuire, A. V., & Mukasa, S. B. (1997). Magmatic modification of the uppermost mantle beneath the Basin and Range to Colorado Plateau Transition Zone; Evidence from xenoliths, Wikieup, Arizona. Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 128(1), 52-65.
      • Minnesota District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 265; Campbell, I. & Schenk, E.T. (1950), Camptonite dikes near Boulder Dam, AZ, Am.Min.: 35:671-692; Garcia, M.O. et al (1980),Volatiles in Ti-rich amphibole megacrysts, SW USA, Am.Min.: 65:306-312; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 93.
Garcia, M.O. et al (1980),Volatiles in Ti-rich amphibole megacrysts, SW USA, Am.Min.: 65:306-312
      • Uinkaret Plateau
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 265; Best, M.G. (1970), Kaersutite-peridotite inclusions and kindred megacrysts in basanic lavas, Grand Canyon, AZ, Contrib.Min.Petr: 27:25-44.
  • Arkansas
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 402.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Trojan
Wilshire, H. G., & Trask, N. J. (1971). Structural and textural relationships of amphibole and phlogopite in peridotite inclusions, Dish-Hill, California. American Mineralogist, 56(1-2), 240.
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
USGS Prof Paper 649
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Teller Co.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Middlefield
Philpotts, Anthony R. and Doreen E. Philpotts. (2007), Upward and downward flow in a camptonite dike as recorded by deformed vesicles and the anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research: 161: 81-94.
  • Hawaii
    • Hawaii Co. (Hawaii Island)
Patrick J. Shamberger (2004) LEUCOCRATIC & GABBROIC XENOLITHS FROM HUALALAI VOLCANO, HAWAI'I. - A thesis submitted to the graduate division of the University of Hawai'i in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Geology and Geophysics, December 2004.
  • Kansas
    • Riley Co.
Meyer,Henry O.A and Brookins,Douglas G. (1971) Eclogite xenoliths from Stockdale kimberlite,Kansas
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
King & Foord, 1994: Mineralogy of Maine, V.1
    • York Co.
      • Kennebunkport
McHone, J. Gregory and Trygstad, Joyce C. (1982) Mesozoic Mafic Dikes of Southern Maine, Maine Geology, Bulletin 2, Geological Society of Maine, p. 16-32.
McHone, J. Gregory and Trygstad, Joyce C. (1982) Mesozoic Mafic Dikes of Southern Maine, Maine Geology, Bulletin 2, Geological Society of Maine, p. 16-32.
  • Massachusetts
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Cambridge
Ross, Martin E. (2010): An Early Triassic 40Ar/39Ar age for a camptonite dyke in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA (Atlantic Geology, Volume 46).
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Moultonborough
J. Petrol. 33:1193-1218 (1992)
    • Grafton Co.
http://pages.cthome.net/gregmchone/NEGSA84abstract.pdf.
  • New Jersey
    • Hunterdon Co.
      • Brookville
Jour. Petrology:10(2):212 (1969).
  • New York
    • Orange Co.
      • Town of Tuxedo
Marian Lupulescu (2008) Rocks and Minerals, 83, #3.
  • Rhode Island
    • Washington Co.
      • Westerly
  • Vermont
    • Rutland Co.
      • Shrewsbury
Woolley (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World.; Eby, G. N. and McHone, J. G. (1997) Plutonic and hypabyssal intrusions of the Early Cretaceous
The Moon
J. Frondel (2009), Lunar Mineralogy, Wiley Interscience
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