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Kainosite-(Y)

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Formula:
Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Colour:
chestnut brown, straw yellow, colorless
Hardness:
5 - 6
Specific Gravity:
3.52
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named by Nordenskiöld (1886) from the greek καινος, uncommon, in allusion to its unusual chemical composition
This page provides mineralogical data about Kainosite-(Y).


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of Kainosite-(Y)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.CF.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
F : [Si4O12]8- 4-membered single rings, with insular complex anions
60.2.1.1

60 : CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
2 : Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
17.4.10

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
4 : Silicates with carbonates

Physical Properties of Kainosite-(Y)Hide

Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
chestnut brown, straw yellow, colorless
Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{110}
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.52 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.542 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Kainosite-(Y)Hide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.662 - 1.665 nβ = 1.682 - 1.689 nγ = 1.687 - 1.692
2V:
Measured: 40° , Calculated: 38° to 52°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.025 - 0.027
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
strong

Chemical Properties of Kainosite-(Y)Hide

Formula:
Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
IMA Formula:
Ca2Y2(SiO3)4(CO3) · H2O

Crystallography of Kainosite-(Y)Hide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.05 Å, b = 14.33 Å, c = 6.77 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.911 : 1 : 0.472
Unit Cell V:
1,266.03 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Kainosite-(Y)Hide

Synonyms of Kainosite-(Y)Hide

Other Language Names for Kainosite-(Y)Hide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz24 photos of Kainosite-(Y) associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Albite10 photos of Kainosite-(Y) associated with Albite on mindat.org.
Chlorite Group9 photos of Kainosite-(Y) associated with Chlorite Group on mindat.org.
Fluorite6 photos of Kainosite-(Y) associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.
Muscovite5 photos of Kainosite-(Y) associated with Muscovite on mindat.org.
Aeschynite-(Y)5 photos of Kainosite-(Y) associated with Aeschynite-(Y) on mindat.org.
Calcite4 photos of Kainosite-(Y) associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Synchysite-(Ce)4 photos of Kainosite-(Y) associated with Synchysite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Ferriallanite-(Ce)4 photos of Kainosite-(Y) associated with Ferriallanite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Epidote4 photos of Kainosite-(Y) associated with Epidote on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.CF.05AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2OTet.
9.CF.15ClinophosinaiteNa12(Ca,Sr)4(Si4O12)(PO4)4Mon.
9.CF.15Phosinaite-(Ce)Na13Ca2(Ce,La,Th,Nd,Pr)(Si4O12)(PO4)4Orth.
9.CF.20StrakhoviteNaBa3Mn2+2Mn3+2Si6O19(OH)3Orth.
9.CF.25Cerchiaraite-(Mn)Ba4Mn4Si6(O,OH,Cl)26Tet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.4.1TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2Mon.
17.4.2SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)Mon.
17.4.3ParaspurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)Mon.
17.4.4ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
17.4.5FukaliteCa4[Si2O6][CO3](OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.4.6MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3Tet. 4/m : I4/m
17.4.7Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
17.4.8CarletoniteKNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
17.4.9Iimoriite-(Y)Y2[SiO4][CO3]Tric.
17.4.11Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2OOrth. mm2
17.4.12Lepersonnite-(Gd)Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
17.4.13AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2OTet.
17.4.14Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2Mon.
17.4.15Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2Tric. 1 : P1
17.4.16Tundrite-(Nd)Na2(Nd,Ce)2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Effervesces slowly in cold dilute HCl
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kainosite-(Y)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Nordenskiöld, A.E. (1886): Mineralogiska bidrag. Kainosit, et nytt mineral från Hitterö i Norge. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 8, 143-146
Dana, E.S. (1892) Dana's system of mineralogy, (6th edition), 698.
Schetelig, J. (1922): Kainosit. in Brøgger, W.C, Vogt, Th. & Schetelig, J. (1922): Die Mineralien der südnorwegischen Granitpegmatitgänge. II. Silikate der seltenen Erde. Videnskapsselskapets Skrifter. I.Mat-Naturv. Klasse 1922. 11, 124-127
G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
American Mineralogist (1964): 49: 1738.
Vlasov, K.A., Ed. (1966) Mineralogy of rare elements, v. II, 246-247.
Giuseppetti, G., Tadini, C., and Oddone, M. (1989) Cenosite-(Y) from Baveno, Novara (Italy): crystal structure. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1989): 153-164.

Internet Links for Kainosite-(Y)Hide

Localities for Kainosite-(Y)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Bailundo City Council
Beleque, A. R. C. (2010). Minerais de ETR no complexo carbonatítico de Bailundo (Mungo, Angola): ocorrência, composição e significado económico.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Obersulzbach valley
        • Hopffeld area
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/kainositey.pdf)
Preite, D. (2012): Die Mineralien des Hopffeldgrabens im Obersulzbachtal, Österreich. Mineralien Welt. 23 (1), 49-53
        • Seebach valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Cardiff Township
G. Pouliot, J. A. Maxwell, and S. C. Robinson (1964): Cenosite from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 1-10.
    • Lanark Co.
      • North Burgess Township
Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines MDI Number: MDI31C16SW00017
Am. Min. (1930) 15:205-219
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Gowganda area
          • Haultain Township
George Robinson 1990
  • Québec
    • Côte-Nord
      • Sept-Rivières RCM
Louise Corriveau (Date Modified: 2008-12-08) Mineral Deposits of Canada District Metallogeny The Manitou district a Canadian iron oxide copper-gold deposit setting. Geological Survey of Canada
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Val-des-Monts
          • Lac Saint-Pierre (Wakefield Lake)
Hogarth, D.D., Chao, G.Y., Plant. G.A. & Steacy, H. R. (1974): Caysichite, a new silico-carbonate of yttrium and calcium. Canadian Mineralogist.12: 293-298
  • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 34, pp.349-371 (1996); A. Kerr and H. Rafuse (2012) Rare-earth element (REE) geochemistry of the Strange Lake deposits: Implications for resource estimation and metallogenic models. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources Current Research 2012 pp39-60; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
China
 
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Mianning Co.
Denghong Wang, Yuchuan Chen, Jue Xu, Jianmin Yang, Chunji Xue, and Shenghao Yan (2000): Acta Geologica Sinica 74(3), 478-484.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Valkeakoski
Reijo Alviola analytical data
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Savoie
      • Tarentaise valley
        • Ruitor massif
          • Sainte-Foy
De Ascencao Guedes R. et al. (2003), Découverte de kainosite-(Y) au glacier de l'Invernet, Sainte-Foy, Haute-Tarentaise, Savoie, Le Règne Minéral, n°54, pp: 11-17
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Haslach
        • Urenkopf
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
Joachim Gröbner (EDS-analysis) and Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD-analysis)
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Courmayeur
      • Monte Bianco Massif (Mont Blanc Massif)
        • Ferret Valley
Lapis 2004 number 7/8 pp. 37-51
        • Veny Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Lombardy
    • Varese Province
      • Ceresio Valley
No reference listed
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Bagnolo Piemonte
- Finello, G., Ambrino, P., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G., Bracco, R. (2007): I minerali della “Pietra di Luserna”, Piemonte, Italia nord-occidentale. I. Alcune cave di gneiss della Val Luserna. Micro (località), 2/2007, 181-226.; Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
    • Torino Province
      • Pellice Valley
        • Luserna Valley
Probed EDX-PXRD M.E. Ciriotti - G. Blass
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
Grill, E. (1935): I minerali del granito di Baveno, la fayalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 129-133. - Gallitelli, P. (1936): Le miche del granito di Baveno. . Periodico di Mineralogia, 61-76 - Pagliani, G. (1948): Le Zeoliti del granito di Baveno. Periodico di Mineralogia, 175-188. - Ravagnani, D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Ed., Milano, 188 pp. - min. Rec. 14 (3), 157-168 - Am. Min. 83, 1330-1334 (1998) - Am. Min. 84, 782-789 (1999). - Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2004): Kristiansenite a Baveno, second ritrovamento Mondiale della specie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 247-251. - Guastoni, A., Demartin, F., Pezzotta, F. (2004): Sekaninaite delle pegmatiti granitiche di Feriolo e Baveno (VB). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 145, 59-68. - Mineralogist americano (2005) 90, 1442-1452.
American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789
      • Ossola Valley
        • Montecrestese
'Apatite' - Monazite-(Ce) - Synchysite-(Y) - Kainosite-(Y)) sono analizzate
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • San Vito
        • Idda Mt.
Stara P., Astolfi M. (1990) - San Priamo - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, fasc. 1, pp. 51-63
    • Olbia-Tempio Pausania Province
      • Calangianus
- Gamboni, A., Gamboni, T., Pileri, P. (1997): Su alcuni minerali del massiccio granitico del monte Limbara zona "Furru e Conca", comune di Calangianus. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/1997, 123-134. Gamboni, A. & Bonacina, E. (2006): Massiccio granitico del Monte Limbara: calcioancylite-(Ce) e kainosite-(Y) di Furru e Conca, Calangianus, Olbia-Tempio Pausania, Sardegna nord-orientale. Micro (località), 1/2006, 137-140.
      • La Maddalena
        • La Maddalena Island
Gamboni, A. (2003): Cala Francese - La Maddalena (SS). Micro (località), 2003, 11-20
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Sarentine Alps (Sarntal Alps)
        • Fortezza (Franzensfeste)
          • Grasstein
Folie, K. & Rocchetti, I. (2004): Grasstein – ein Fundort für interessante Mineralien in Südtirol. Mineralien-Welt, 15 (4), 50-64.
    • Trento Province
      • Canal San Bovo
        • Vanoi Valley
          • Pralongo
Ferretti, P., Gualtieri, A., Rocchetti, I., Vecchi, F. (2015): Cava Pralongo. Nuove segnalazioni dalle pegmatiti della Valle del Vanoi (Canal San Bovo, Trento). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 49, 3 (3-2015), 164-185.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Nakatsugawa City
          • Hirukawa
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.); ex-Okamoto collection, now (2015) on display at Hakusekikan museum, Hirukawa.
    • Kinki Region
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Kameoka City
Tsuruta et al. (2005) Chigaku Kenkyu, 54, 89-93.
Malawi
 
  • Zomba District
Lapis 29(1), 37-38 (2004)
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
P.M. Kartashov data
        • Mount Ulyn Khuren
P. Kartashov et al. (2002) Can. Mineral. 40, 1641-1648
P.M. Kartashov data
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Evje og Hornnes
Husdal, T. (2009): Ancylittmineraler i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 41, 33 - 42
    • Gjerstad
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 173
  • Buskerud
    • Krødsherad
      • Krøderen Lake
Bjørlykke, H. (1960): Årsberetning for 1959. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 211, Årbok 1959, p. 249
  • Nordland
    • Hamarøy
      • Finnøy
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
Husdal, T. (2011): Tysfjordgranittens pegmatitter. Stein. 38 (4): 4-35
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
    • Rana
Grauch et al. (1994): Høgtuvaite, a new beryllian member of the aenigmatite group fom Norway, with x-ray data on aenigmatite. Canadian Mineralogist. 32: 439-448.
    • Tysfjord
      • Drag
        • Eivollen
Sverdrup, T. L. (1968): Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway No. 37. Yttrofluorite-yttrocerite-cerfluorite in norwegian pegmatites. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 48: 245-252
        • Lapplægeret
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 5-28
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
  • Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
Raade, G. & Kristiansen, R. (2000a): Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Heftetjern granite pegmatite, Tørdal: a progress report. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 17, 19-25
Raade, Sæbø, Austrheim & Kristiansen (1993): Kuliokite-(Y) and its alteration products kainosite-(Y) and kamphaugite-(Y) from granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Norway, European Journal of Mineralogy: 5: 691-698.
    • Kragerø
      • Lindvikskollen-Kalstadgangen pegmatite
Knut Eldjarn collection
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 102
    • Skien
      • Kilebygda
Larsen, A.O. (1993): Gruver og skjerp i Skien. Stathelle 1993. 72p
  • Vest-Agder
    • Flekkefjord
      • Hidra (Hitterø)
        • Hæstad
Nordenskiöld, A.E. (1886): Mineralogiska bidrag. Kainosit, et nytt mineral från Hitterö i Norge. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 8, 143-146
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Tvedalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Belye Tundry Massif
Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
        • Keivy Mountains
          • Western Keivy Massif
Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А.] (1986): Minerals and evolution of mineral formation in amazonite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Минералы и эволюция минералообразования в амазонитовых пегматитах Кольского полуострова]. Nauka, Leningrad, 168 pp. (in Russian).
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Prepolar Ural
      • Tyumenskaya Oblast'
        • Khanty-Mansi Okrug (Khanty Mansiysk)
          • Saranpaul
Burlakov, J. V. (1995): Dodo: Alpine Klüfte im Polar-Ural. Lapis. 20 (3), 13-26, 35
[MinRec 30:465]
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Porriño
Calvo, M., Viñals, J. and Vila, F. (2009) Mineralogy of the pegmatites and miarolitic cavities in the granitic batholit of Porriño, Pontevedra, galicia, Spain. Mineral Up, (2009-1), 6-23
  • Madrid
Mineralogical Magazine 70(4),397-404(2006)
Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
No reference listed
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
      • Nordmark Odal Field (Nordmarksberg)
Sjögren, H.(1897): Kainosit från Kogrufvan på Nordmarksfältet. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 19: 54-60; Amer. Min. (1930) 15:205-219
Switzerland
 
  • Bern
    • Hasli Valley
      • Grimsel area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 235.
        • Oberaar lake area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 235.
      • Guttannen
        • Handegg
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 235.
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Vorderrhein Valley
      • Tujetsch (Tavetsch)
        • Curnera Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 235.
        • Nalps Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 236.
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/kainositey.pdf)
  • Uri
    • Reuss Valley
      • Göschenen
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 235.
  • Vaud (Waadt)
    • Morcles
Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Goms
      • Oberwald
S Wolfsried collection
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Les Marécottes
        • Emosson
Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Graeser S., Reuse G. (2005) - Minéraux provenant du tunnel routier de Martigny. Le Cristallier Suisse, n°1, pp: 23-32
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Visp
      • Baltschieder Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 235.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle Of Skye
        • Broadford
        • Luib
S. Rust collection; UKJMM 26:23-26
      • Strontian
UKJMM 26:23-26
UKJMM 26:23-26; UKJMM Vol.29 p.15
UKJMM 26:23-26
Ukraine
 
  • Zhytomyr Oblast' (Zhitomir Oblast')
    • Korosten
ДУБИНА, А. В., КРИВДИК, С. Г., МИТРОХИН, А. В., СОБОЛЕВ, В. Б., ВИШНЕВСКИЙ, А. А., & ГРЕЧАНОВСКАЯ, Е. Е. (2014). РЕДКОМЕТАЛЛЬНАЯ МИНЕРАЛИЗАЦИЯ И ГЕНЕЗИС ЖИЛЬНЫХ ЩЕЛОЧНЫХ СИЕНИТОВ ПЕНИЗЕВИЧСКОГО РУДОПРОЯВЛЕНИЯ (КОРОСТЕНСКИЙ АНОРТОЗИТ-РАПАКИВИГРАНИТНЫЙ ПЛУТОН). МІНЕРАЛОГІЧНИЙ ЖУРНАЛ, 36(1), 12-25.
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
        • Granite Mountain area
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • Colorado
    • El Paso Co.
Hanson, S.L. and Zito, G. (2013) Mineralogy of Miarolitic Pegmatites in the Stove Mountain Area, Colorado. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 14-15.
    • Fremont Co.
AmMin 47:328
        • Cotopaxi
          • Cotopaxi Pegmatite area
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", pp. 14-15, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Jefferson Co.
      • South Platte Pegmatite District
Grant Martin's Collection
  • Idaho
    • Boundary Co.
Rocks & Min. 70:247
      • Moyie - Yaak District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Am Min (1964) 49:1736-1741
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/kainositey.pdf)
  • Maine
    • Hancock Co.
      • Mount Desert
King, V. and Foord, E., 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, volume 2, Addenda.
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
USGS Open File report 2010-5220
        • Moriah Township
http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2005NE/finalprogram/abstract_83497.htm
    • Hamilton Co.
      • Long Lake
[Mineralogical Record 31:420]
  • North Carolina
    • Catawba Co.
      • Hickory
K. Wood collection
  • Virginia
    • Loudoun Co.
      • Leesburg
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8; Rocks and Minerals, 66:6, p. 458; American Mineralogist, V.73, p.1191-1194
Mineral and/or Locality  
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