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Kaliborite

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About KaliboriteHide

Formula:
KMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4
Colour:
Colourless, white, reddish brown; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Specific Gravity:
2.05 - 2.109
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
In allusion to the chemical composition, containing potassium (Latin = KALIum) and being a BORate.
This page provides mineralogical data about Kaliborite.


Classification of KaliboriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
6.FB.10

6 : BORATES
F : Hexaborates
B : Ino-hexaborates
26.5.13.1

26 : HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : Pentaborates
9.2.16

9 : Borates
2 : Borates of Be and Mg

Physical Properties of KaliboriteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, white, reddish brown; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
4 - 4½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
{001} and {101}; on {100} good.
Density:
2.05 - 2.109 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of KaliboriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.508 nβ = 1.526 nγ = 1.550
2V:
Measured: 80° , Calculated: 82°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.042
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of KaliboriteHide

Formula:
KMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4
IMA Formula:
KHMg2B12O16(OH)10 · 4H2O
Idealised Formula:
KMg2B12O15(OH)11 · 4H2O

Crystallography of KaliboriteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 18.57 Å, b = 8.46 Å, c = 14.68 Å
β = 100.02°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.195 : 1 : 1.735
Unit Cell V:
2,271.08 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Fine-grained nodular masses. Microscopic rhombic scales with plane angles of about 62°, with the acute angle truncated to a yield a hexagonal outline at times. Crystals frequently aggregated and with asymmetrical development.

Type Occurrence of KaliboriteHide

Synonyms of KaliboriteHide

Other Language Names for KaliboriteHide

German:Kaliborit
Simplified Chinese:硼钾镁石
Spanish:Kaliborita

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

6.FB.05AristarainiteNa2MgB12O20 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

9.2.1HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.2.2SuaniteMg2[B2O5]Mon.
9.2.3KotoiteMg3[BO3]2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.2.4SzaibélyiteMgBO2(OH)Mon.
9.2.5PreobrazhenskiteMg3B11O15(OH)9Orth.
9.2.6AksaiteMg[B6O7(OH)6] · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.2.7WightmaniteMg5(BO3)O(OH)5 · 2H2OMon.
9.2.8PinnoiteMg[B2O(OH)6]Tet. 4/m : P42/m
9.2.9KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.2.10HalurgiteMg2[B4O7]2 · 5H2OMon.
9.2.11InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.2.12HungchaoiteMg(B4O7) · 9H2OTric. 1
9.2.13AdmontiteMgB6O10 · 7H2OMon.
9.2.14McallisteriteMg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
9.2.15RivadaviteNa6Mg[B6O7(OH)6]4 · 10H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.2.17IquiqueiteK3Na4Mg(CrO4)B24O39(OH) · 12H2OHex.

Other InformationHide

IR Spectrum:
Inder material [cm-1]: 3530sh, 3480sh, 3420, 3350, 3300sh, 3180, 3050sh, 1660sh, 1605w, 1480sh, 1427, 1407, 1338s, 1284s, 1260sh, 1206w, 1174, 1104s, 1051s, 1010sh, 975s, 905sh, 886s, 792, 753, 722, 681, 659, 590, 569, 539, 513, 464
Notes:
Partially soluble in water. Readily soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KaliboriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Feit, W. (1889): Ueber Kaliborit, ein neues Borsäure-Mineral.- Chemiker-Zeitung 13, 1188.
Luedecke (1889) Zeitschrift für Naturwissenschaften, Halle: 62: 354 (as Heintzite).
Feit, W. (1890) Journal of the Chemical Society, London: 58: 341.
Luedecke (1890) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 18: 481 (as Heintzite).
Milch (1890) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 18: 478 (as Hintzeite).
Feit, W. (1890) Journal of the Chemical Society, London: 58: 341.
Feit (1891) Chemiker-Zeitung Cöthen: 15: 115.
Loewe (1903) Zeitschrift für praktische Geologie, Berlin, Halle a.S.: 11: 355.
Boeke (1910) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 531.
Millosevich, F. (1920) Rendus Reale accademia nazionale dei Lincei, Rome: (5): 29: 286 (as Paternoite).
Barth and Berman (1930) Chemie der Erde, Jena: 5: 29 (as Paternoite).
Millosevich F. (1930)- Larderellite e paternoite. Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma: 1: 214-215 (as Paternoite).
Goslevsky (1938) Mineralogicheskoe Obshchestvo, Leningrad, Zapiski: (2): 67: 258.
Yarzhemsky (1945) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S: 47: 642.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 363-364 (as Paternoite), 367-368 (as Kaliborite).
American Mineralogist (1965): 1079-1083.
Burns, P.C. and Hawthorne, F.C. (1994) Kaliborite: an example of a crystallographically symmetrical hydrogen bond. Canadian Mineralogist: 32: 885-894.
Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).
Chukanov, N.V. (2014): Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library. Springer (Springer Geochemistry/Mineralogy), vol. 1, Dordrecht, 1726 pp.

Internet Links for KaliboriteHide

Localities for KaliboriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Germany (TL)
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Stassfurt Potash deposit
      • Aschersleben
Feit, W. (1889): Ueber Kaliborit, ein neues Borsäure-Mineral.- Chemiker-Zeitung 13, 1188; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 368.
      • Stassfurt
Luedecke, O. (1891): Über Heintzit, ein neues Borat von Leopoldshall.- Z. Kryst. 18, 481-485; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 368.
Italy
 
  • Sicily
    • Enna Province
      • Calascibetta
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 364.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe
    • Aksai Valley
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; ERCOSPAN (2011) Independent Geological Report on the Zhilianskoe and Chelkar Potash Deposits in Kazakhstan EGB 11-012
  • Atyrau
    • Atyrau (Gur'yev)
Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
  • West Kazakhstan
    • Oral Rayon (Uralsk Rayon)
Handbook of Mineralogy; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Kütahya Province
      • Emet
        • Doğanlar village
J. García-Veigas, L. Rosell, X. Alcobé, I. Subias, F. Ortí, I. Gündogan and C. Helvaci (2010) Fontarnauite, a New Sulphate-Borate Mineral from the Emet Borate District (Turkey). Macla 13, 97-98. ; Cooper, M. A., Hawthorne, F. C., García-Veigas, J., Alcobé, X., Helvaci, C., Grew, E. S., & Ball, N. A. (2015). Fontarnauite,(Na, K) 2 (Sr, Ca)(SO4)[B5O8 (OH)](H2O) 2, A New Sulfate-Borate Mineral From Doğanlar (Emet), Kütahya Province, Western Anatolia, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53(5), 803-820.; García-Veigas, J., Rosell, L., Ortí, F., Gündoğan, İ., & Helvacı, C. (2011). Mineralogy, diagenesis and hydrochemical evolution in a probertite–glauberite–halite saline lake (Miocene, Emet Basin, Turkey). Chemical Geology, 280(3-4), 352-364.
USA
 
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Death Valley
Econ Geol (1996) 91:622-635
Mineral and/or Locality  
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