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About KalsiliteHide

Crystal System:
The name reflects its chemical composition: potassium (latin, kalium), aluminium and silicium
A feldspathoid, usually rare but a rock-forming component of some Potassium-rich Silica-deficient igneous rocks.

Classification of KalsiliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
A : Tektosilicates without additional non-tetrahedral anions

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
2 : Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
3 : Aluminosilicates of K

Physical Properties of KalsiliteHide


Optical Data of KalsiliteHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.538 - 1.543 nε = 1.532 - 1.537
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.006
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of KalsiliteHide

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of KalsiliteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
6 2 2 - Trapezohedral
Space Group:
P63 2 2
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.1589 Å, c = 8.6682(3) Å
a:c = 1 : 1.68
Unit Cell V:
199.79 ų
Date from Uchida et al. (2006); previous studies have provided several space groups for kalsilite: P6322 (Bannister and Hey, 1942), P63 (Perrotta et al., 1965), P63mc (Dollase and Freeborn, 1977), and P31c (Cellai et al., 1997).

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of KalsiliteHide

Synonyms of KalsiliteHide

Other Language Names for KalsiliteHide

Relationship of Kalsilite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Cancrinite GroupA large, structurally complex group of alumosilicates.
Davidsmithite(Ca,□)2Na6Al8Si8O32Hex. 6 : P63
LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
metaleuciteA name for isometric leucite that is stable above 625 degrees C.
NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)Hex. 6 : P63
Sodalite GroupThe Sodalite group have sodalite stacking producing cubo-octahedral cages that contain the anions and cations which ...
TrinephelineNaAlSiO4 Hex. 6 : P61

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Aegirine6 photos of Kalsilite associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.
Titanite3 photos of Kalsilite associated with Titanite on mindat.org.
Melilite2 photos of Kalsilite associated with Melilite on mindat.org.
Microcline2 photos of Kalsilite associated with Microcline on mindat.org.
Leucite2 photos of Kalsilite associated with Leucite on mindat.org.
Willhendersonite2 photos of Kalsilite associated with Willhendersonite on mindat.org.
Vladykinite2 photos of Kalsilite associated with Vladykinite on mindat.org.
Eudialyte2 photos of Kalsilite associated with Eudialyte on mindat.org.
Noonkanbahite2 photos of Kalsilite associated with Noonkanbahite on mindat.org.
Åkermanite1 photo of Kalsilite associated with Åkermanite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.FA.05NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.05Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.05Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]Trig. 3 : P3
9.FA.05MegakalsiliteKAlSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.10MalinkoiteNaBSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.15VirgiliteLiAlSi2O6Hex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
9.FA.25LisitsyniteKBSi2O6Orth. 2 2 2 : P2 2 2
9.FA.30Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8Mon. 2 : P21
9.FA.30CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon. 2/m
9.FA.30MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
9.FA.30OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.30SanidineK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.30MonalbiteNaAlSi3O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.35AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
9.FA.35AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Tric. 1 : P1
9.FA.45KumdykoliteNa(AlSi3O8)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.FA.65DanburiteCaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.FA.65MaleeviteBaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.FA.70Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8Tet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FA.75KokchetaviteK(AlSi3O8)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 6 : P63,Na)AlSiO4Hex.,Na)AlSiO4Hex. 6 : P63,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]Trig. 3 : P3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.3.1LithositeK6Al4Si8O25 · 2H2OMon.
16.3.4LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
16.3.5MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
16.3.6OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.3.7SanidineK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.3.8MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Kalsilite in petrologyHide

References for KalsiliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1943): 28: 62.
Liu, L. (1978) High-pressure phase transitions of kalsilite and related potassium bearing aluminosilicates. Geochemical Journal: 12: 275-277.
American Mineralogist (1992): 77: 19.
American Mineralogist (1997): 82: 276-279.
Mineralogical Magazine: 35: 588-595.
H. UCHIDA, R.T. DOWNS, H. YANG (2006): Crystal-chemical investigation of kalsilite from San Venanzo, Italy, using single-crystal X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 70, A677.
A. Kremenovic and P. Vulic (2014): Disordered kalsilite KAlSiO4. Acta Crystallogr. C70, 256-259.

Internet Links for KalsiliteHide

Localities for KalsiliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land
Riley, T.R., Curtis, M.L., Leat, P.T., Millar, I.L. (2009): The geochemistry of Middle Jurassic dykes associated with the Straumsvola-Tvora alkaline plutons, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica and their association with the Karoo large igneous province. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 2, 205-226.
Riley, T.R., Curtis, M.L., Leat, P.T., Millar, I.L. (2009): The geochemistry of Middle Jurassic dykes associated with the Straumsvola-Tvora alkaline plutons, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica and their association with the Karoo large igneous province. Mineralogical Magazine, 73, 2, 205-226.
  • Styria
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Yardymli District
Gupta, A K (2015) Origin of Potassium-rich Silica-deficient Igneous Rocks. Springer India
  • Goiás
    • Amorinópolis
Revista Brasileira de Geociências 30(3):417-420 (2000)
  • Santa Catarina
1995, Geochimica Brasiliensis, 8: 179-214.; Comin-Chiaramonti, P., de Barros Gomes, C., Castorina, F., di Censi, P., Antonini, P., Furtado, S., ... & Scheibe, L. F. (2008). Geochemistry and geodynamic implications of the Anitápolis and Lages alkaline-carbonatite complexes, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 32(1), 43-58.; G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
  • Nunavut
    • Baffin Island
Hogarth (1997) Canadian Mineralogist 35, 53-78.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • Brome-Missisquoi RCM
PHILPOTTS, A.R., PATTISON, E.F. & FOX, J.S. (1967) Kalsilite, diopside and melilite in a sedimentary xenolith from Brome Mountain, Quebec. Nature 214, 1322-1323.
  • Tarapacá
    • Iquique Province
Zori, C., & Tropper, P. (2013). Silver lining: evidence for Inka silver refining in northern Chile. Journal of Archaeological Science, 40(8), 3282-3292.
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Kangerlussuaq Fjord
        • Prinsen af Wales Bjerge
DR Congo
  • North Kivu
    • Goma
Haapala, I. L. M. A. R. I. (2011). Th. G. Sahama’s (1910–1983) volcanological and mineralogical studies in Africa: Part I. Expeditions to the Virunga Volcanic Field and petrological-mineralogical studies on the Nyiragongo volcano. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 83, 41-55.; Sahama, T. G. (1960). Kalsilite in the lavas of mt. Nyiragongo (Belgian Congo). Journal of Petrology, 1(2), 146-171.; Andersen, T., Elburg, M. A., & Erambert, M. (2014). Extreme peralkalinity in delhayelite-and andremeyerite-bearing nephelinite from Nyiragongo volcano, East African Rift. Lithos, 206, 164-178.
Sahama, T. G., & Meyr, A. (1958). Study of the Volcano Nyragongo: A Progress Report. Institut des Parcs Nationaux du Congo Belge.
Mineralogical Magazine (1958) 31 (2), 698-699.; Mineralogical Magazine 1957 31 : 698-699.
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
Eytier J.R. & Ch., Favreau G., Devouard B., Vigier J. (2004), Minéraux de pyrométamorphisme de Lapanouse-de Sévérac (Aveyron), Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°85, pp: 3-58 Kruszewski, Ł., Gatel, P., Thiéry, V., Moszumańska, I., and Kusy, D. (2018) Crystallochemical Behavior of Slag Minerals and the Occurrence of Potentially New Mineral Species from Lapanouse-de-Sévérac, France. In: Stracher, G.B. (Ed.) Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Vol. 5: Case Studies - Advances in Field and Laboratory Research, xx-xx (in press; publication date: November 2018).
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Mayen
        • Bellerberg volcano
          • Southern lava flow
            • Mayener Feld
Hentschel, G. (1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, 2. edition, Weise Verlag
    • Vulkaneifel
      • Daun
        • Hinterweiler
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, MW 1/2001
        • Üdersdorf
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
      • Gerolstein
        • Roth
Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2013): Die Mineralogischen Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 24 (3), 33-41.
      • Hillesheim
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 1/2001
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Visakhapatnam District
Gondwana Research 3(1): 65-77.
  • Negev
Vapnik, Y., Sokol, E., Murashko M., Sharygin V. (2006): The enigma of Hatrurim. Mineralogical Almanac, 10, 69-77.
Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Vapnik, Y., Prusik, K., Stasiak, M., Dzierżanowski, P., Murashko, M. (2017): Gurimite, Ba3(VO4)2, and hexacelsian, BaAl2Si2O8 – two new minerals from schorlomite-rich paralava of the Hatrurim Complex, Negev Desert, Israel. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1009-1019.
  • Southern District (HaDarom District)
Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gfeller, F., Krüger, B., Kusz, J., Vapnik, Y., Dulski, M., Dzierżanowski, P. (2016): Silicocarnotite, Ca5[(SiO4)(PO4)](PO4), a new ‘old’ mineral from the Negev Desert, Israel, and the ternesite-silicocarnotite solid solution: indicators of high-temperature alteration of pyrometamorphic rocks of the Hatrurim Complex, Southern Levant. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 105-12.
  • Abruzzo
    • L'Aquila Province
      • Carsoli
        • Pietrasecca
Comodi, P., Liu, Y., Stoppa, F., & Woolley, A. (1999). A multi-method analysis of Si-, S- and REE-rich apatite from a new find of kalsilite-bearing leucitite (Abruzzi, Italy). Mineralogical Magazine, 63: 661-672.
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
[Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
          • Pollena - Trocchia area
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Alban Hills
        • Marino
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
      • Sacrofano Caldera
        • Sacrofano
Mazzi F., Tadini C. (1981): Giuseppettite, a new mineral from Sacrofano (Italy), related to the cancrinite group. Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Mh., 3, 103-11.
    • Rieti Province
      • Rieti
        • Santa Rufina
F. Stoppa and Y. Liu, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 391-402.
    • Viterbo Province
Di Battistini, G., Montanini, A., Verniaa, L., Venturelli, G., Tonarini, S. (2001) Petrology of melilite-bearing rocks from the Montefiascone Volcanic Complex (Roman Magmatic Province): New insights into the ultrapotassic volcanism of Central Italy. Lithos, 59, 1–24; Stoppa, F., Cundari, A., Rosatelli, G., Woolley, A.R. (2003): Leucite melilitolites in Italy: genetic aspects and relationshipsnwith associated alkaline rocks and carbonatites. Periodico di Mineralogia, 72, Special issue (Eurocarb), 223-251.
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Spoleto
Stoppa.F., Wolley A.R. and Bailey K. (2004). Extrusive carbonatites and their meaning: the case of Italy. 32nd International Geological Congress, Florence - Italy, August 20-28, 2004, pag. 7-8. L. Terrazzi Ed., Firenze, 2004
    • Terni Province
      • San Venanzo
Mittempergher, M. (1965) Vulcanismo e petrogenesi nella zona di San Venanzo (Umbria). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, serie A, 72, 437-479; Cingolani, G. (1974) Eccezionali cristalli di kalsilite a S. Venanzo (Umbria) Notizie del Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, 5, 3 (settembre 1974), 66-67; De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.; Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., Simmons, W.B., Tillmanns, E., and Fischer, R.X. (1984) Willhendersonite, a new zeolite isostructural with chabazite. American Mineralogist, 69, 186-189; Meli, R. (1997) Giacimenti da non dimenticare: i minerali delle vulcaniti di San Venanzo (Terni). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 21, 3 (3-1997), 269-275; Stoppa, F., Sharygin, V.V., and Cundari, A. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 61, 27-45.; Sharygin, V. V., Pekov, I. V., Zubkova, N. V., Khomyakov, A. P., Stoppa, F., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (2013). Umbrianite, K7Na2Ca2 [Al3Si10O29] F2Cl2, a new mineral species from melilitolite of the Pian di Celle volcano, Umbria, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(4), 655-669.
  • Jalisco
    • Colima volcanic complex
Alok Krishna Gupta (2015) Origin of Potassium-rich Silica-deficient Igneous Rocks. Springer India
  • Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab Region
Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
  • Khomas Region
Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Joachim Esche collection (Uwe Kolitsch SXRD + EDS)
  • Telemark
    • Skien
Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko Co.
      • Gmina Nowa Ruda
        • Przygórze
          • Bolesław Mine
Kruszewski, Ł., Ciesielczuk, J., Misz-Kennan, M., 2014: Mineralogy of some metacarbonate rocks from burned coal-mining dump in Przygórze (Lower Silesian Coal Basin) and its analogy to "olive" rocks from the Hatrurim Formation. Proceedings of the International Symposium CEMC 2014, Skalský Dvůr, April 23-26th, 26-27
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Katowice City Co.
Warchulski, R., Gawęda, A., Janeczek, J., Kądziołka-Gaweł, M. (2016): Mineralogy and origin of coarse-grained segregations in the pyrometallurgical Zn-Pb slags from Katowice-Wełnowiec (Poland). Mineralogy and Petrology: 110, (in press); in: http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12618 (2016)
  • Irkutsk Oblast
Konev A A, Vorobjev E I, Sapozhnikov A N, Piskunov L F, Ushchapovskaya Z F (1995) Odintsovite – K2Na4Ca3Ti2Be4Si12O38 – a new mineral from Murunsky massif, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 124, issue 5, 92-96
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
Ageeva, O. A. and Borutzky, B. Y. (2004) Kalsilite In The Rocks Of Khibiny Massif: Morphology, Paragenesis, Genetic Conditions. New Data on Minerals 39:40-49
      • Koashva Mt
Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.; Ageeva, O. A. and Borutzky, B. Y. (2004) Kalsilite In The Rocks Of Khibiny Massif: Morphology, Paragenesis, Genetic Conditions. New Data on Minerals 39:40-49
Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., Rjimati, E., Molina, J. F., & Scarrow, J. H. (2014). Kalsilite-bearing plutonic rocks: The deep-seated Archean Awsard massif of the Reguibat Rise, South Morocco, West African Craton. Earth-Science Reviews, 138, 1-24.
    • Lovozero Massif
Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Kononkova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Rabadanov, M.K., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 749-754.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Aldan
Gupta, A K (2015) Origin of Potassium-rich Silica-deficient Igneous Rocks. Springer India
      • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
          • Ditmar stream
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Vorob'yev, Y. I., Konev, A. A., Malyshonok, Y. V., Afonina, G. F., & Sapozhnikov, A. N. (1984). Tausonite, SrTiO3, a new mineral of the perovskite group. International Geology Review, 26(4), 462-465.
South Africa
  • Free State
    • Thabo Mofutsanyane District
      • Clocolan
Kamenetsky, V. S., Belousova, E. A., Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, M. B., Goemann, K., & Griffin, W. L. (2014). Chemical abrasion of zircon and ilmenite megacrysts in the Monastery kimberlite: Implications for the composition of kimberlite melts. Chemical Geology, 383, 76-85.
  • Northern Cape
    • Francis Baard District
      • Kimberley
        • KEM JV Mine (Kimberley Ekapa Mining Joint Venture mine; Kimberley Underground mine)
Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
  • Gorno-Badakhshan
Solovova, I. P., Girnis, A. V., Ryabchikov, I. D., & Simakin, S. G. (2006, October). High-temperature carbonatite melt and its interrelations with alkaline magmas of the Dunkel’dyk complex, southeastern Pamirs. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 410, No. 1, pp. 1148-1151). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Uganda (TL)
  • Central Region
    • Gomba District
Bannister F A, Hey M H (1942) Kalsilite, a polymorph of KAlSiO4, from Uganda, Mineralogical Magazine 26, 218-225
Mineral and/or Locality  
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