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Kamacite

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Formula:
(Fe,Ni)
Colour:
Grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
From the Greek "kamask" meaning "shaft" or "lath".
A variety of Iron

A nickel-rich variety of iron; α-(Fe,Ni).
The principle constituent of a typical octahedrite meteorite with about 92% iron and 7% nickel.

Compare also taenite, γ-(Ni,Fe).


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Classification of KamaciteHide

1.AE.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
E : Iron-chromium family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.17.3
1.1.11.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.62

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of KamaciteHide

Metallic
Colour:
Grey
Streak:
Grey
Hardness:

Optical Data of KamaciteHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of KamaciteHide

Formula:
(Fe,Ni)
Common Impurities:
Co,C,P,S

Crystallography of KamaciteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Cell Parameters:
a = 2.86 Å
Unit Cell V:
23.39 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Synonyms of KamaciteHide

Other Language Names for KamaciteHide

Varieties of KamaciteHide

WickelkmamziteA name given to kamacite surrounding accessory constituents in meteoritic irons.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Taenite107 photos of Kamacite associated with Taenite on mindat.org.
Troilite33 photos of Kamacite associated with Troilite on mindat.org.
Iron17 photos of Kamacite associated with Iron on mindat.org.
Schreibersite13 photos of Kamacite associated with Schreibersite on mindat.org.
Olivine12 photos of Kamacite associated with Olivine on mindat.org.
Wüstite7 photos of Kamacite associated with Wüstite on mindat.org.
Plessite7 photos of Kamacite associated with Plessite on mindat.org.
Forsterite6 photos of Kamacite associated with Forsterite on mindat.org.
Brezinaite5 photos of Kamacite associated with Brezinaite on mindat.org.
Goethite4 photos of Kamacite associated with Goethite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AE.VanadiumVIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05MolybdenumMoIso.
1.AE.05ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.AE.05TungstenWIso.
1.AE.05UM2001-06-E:CrFeNiFe7Cr2Ni
1.AE.10Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AE.10TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.AE.10AntitaeniteFe3Ni
1.AE.15ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AE.15FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AE.15WairauiteCoFe
1.AE.20AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AE.25JedwabiteFe7(Ta,Nb)3Hex. 6mm : P63mc
1.AE.30ManganeseMnIso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.1.11.2Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.1.11.3TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.1.11.4AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.1.11.5NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.1.11.6WairauiteCoFe

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeHex.
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Kamacite in petrologyHide

Accessory component of (items highlighted in red)

References for KamaciteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta: 29: 535-549.
Buchwald (1975), Handbook of iron meteorites, I-III.
Clark (1993): 350.
Burke, Ernest A.J. (2007) A Mass Discreditation of GQN Minerals. Canadian Mineralogist: 44(6): 1557-1560.

Internet Links for KamaciteHide

Localities for KamaciteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListShow

Mineral and/or Locality  
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