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Kamotoite-(Y)

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Formula:
Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2O
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named by M. Deliens and P. Piret in 1986 after the town of Kamoto, Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo, where the type locality is situated.
One of 4 currently known yttrium-uranium(uranyl) minerals of the natural salts class; the other representatives of this group are bijvoetite-(Y) (carbonate), alwilkinsite-(Y) and sejkoraite-(Y) (sulphates). Kamotoite-(Y) is thus the second natural Y-U carbonate after bijvoetite-(Y).

The similarity of kamotoite-(Y) and bijvoetite-(Y) may be more than chemical in natue, as Plášil & Petříček (2016) have shown that structures of these two minerals are the same (although the identity of these two minerals is not yet confirmed). Nevertheless, the XR pattern is pseudo-orthorhombic due to twinning, and the structure is based on sheets of the bijvoetite-(Y) uranyl/anion-topology, the sheets being electroneutral. Water resides in the interlayer space and does not directly coordinate any cation.


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Classification of Kamotoite-(Y)Hide

Approved
Approval Year:
1985
First Published:
1986
5.EA.30

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
E : Uranyl Carbonates
A : UO2:CO3 > 1:1
16b.3.3.1

16b : HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : AmBn(XO3)pZqxH2O & with (m+n):p = 2:1
11.11.15

11 : Carbonates
11 : Carbonates of Cr and U

Optical Data of Kamotoite-(Y)Hide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.604 nβ = 1.667 nγ = 1.731
2V:
Measured: 87° , Calculated: 86°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.127
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of Kamotoite-(Y)Hide

Formula:
Y2(UO2)4(CO3)3O4 · 14H2O
IMA Formula:
Y2O4(UO2)4(CO3)3 · 14H2O

Crystallography of Kamotoite-(Y)Hide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.3525(5) Å, b = 12.9432(5) Å, c = 19.4409(7) Å
β = 99.857(3)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.954 : 1 : 1.502
Unit Cell V:
3069.8 ų
Z:
4
Comment:
space group is P21/n

Type Occurrence of Kamotoite-(Y)Hide

Synonyms of Kamotoite-(Y)Hide

Other Language Names for Kamotoite-(Y)Hide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Astrocyanite-(Ce)8 photos of Kamotoite-(Y) associated with Astrocyanite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Uraninite3 photos of Kamotoite-(Y) associated with Uraninite on mindat.org.
Uranophane2 photos of Kamotoite-(Y) associated with Uranophane on mindat.org.
Shabaite-(Nd)1 photo of Kamotoite-(Y) associated with Shabaite-(Nd) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.EA.05UM1997-24-CO:CaCuHUCa2Cu(UO2)2(CO3)2O3 · 3H2O
5.EA.10UrancalcariteCa(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth.
5.EA.15WyartiteCaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2OOrth.
5.EA.20Oswaldpeetersite(UO2)2(CO3)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
5.EA.25RoubaultiteCu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2OTric. 1 : P1
5.EA.35SharpiteCa(UO2)6(CO3)5(OH)4 · 6H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.11.1StichtiteMg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
11.11.2Rutherfordine(UO2)CO3Orth. mm2 : Imm2
11.11.3Joliotite(UO2)CO3 · nH2OOrth.
11.11.4GrimseliteK3Na(UO2)(CO3)3 · H2OHex.
11.11.5BayleyiteMg2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 18H2OMon.
11.11.6MetazelleriteCa(UO2)(CO3)2 · 3H2OOrth.
11.11.7ZelleriteCa(UO2)(CO3)2 · 5H2OOrth.
11.11.8WyartiteCaU5+(UO2)2(CO3)O4(OH) · 7H2OOrth.
11.11.9UrancalcariteCa(UO2)3(CO3)(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth.
11.11.10SharpiteCa(UO2)6(CO3)5(OH)4 · 6H2OOrth.
11.11.11VogliteCa2Cu(UO2)(CO3)4 · 6H2OMon.
11.11.12AndersoniteNa2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
11.11.13SwartziteMgCa(UO2)(CO3)3 · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
11.11.14RabbittiteCa3Mg3(UO2)2(CO3)6(OH)4 · 18H2OMon.
11.11.16Shabaite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Sm,Y)2(UO2)(CO3)4(OH)2 · 6H2O
11.11.17Astrocyanite-(Ce)Cu2(Ce,Nd,La)2(UO2)(CO3)5(OH)2 · 1.5H2OHex.
11.11.18Bijvoetite-(Y)Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2OMon.
11.11.19WidenmannitePb2(OH)2[(UO2)(CO3)2]Orth.
11.11.20ZnucaliteZn12Ca(UO2)(CO3)3(OH)22 · 4H2OOrth.

Other InformationHide

Special Storage/
Display Requirements:
Radioactive
Health Risks:
This radioactive specie sit always on massive uraninite and should be manipulated and stored with precautions.

References for Kamotoite-(Y)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1986) La kamototïte-(Y), un nouveau carbonate d'uranyle et de terres rares de Kamoto, Shaba, Zaïre. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 109: 643-647.
Hawthorne, F.C., Burke, E.A.J., Ercit, T.S., Grew, E.S., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Vanko, D.A. (1988) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 73: 189-199.
Deliens, M., Piret, P., Van Der Meersche, E. (1990) Les minéraux secondaires d'uranium du Zaïre, deuxieme complement. Institut royal des sciences naturelles de Belgique, 39 pages.
Plášil, J. & Petříček, V. (2017): Crystal structure of the (REE)-uranyl carbonate mineral kamotoite-(Y). Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 653-660.

Internet Links for Kamotoite-(Y)Hide

Localities for Kamotoite-(Y)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Nipissing District
      • Murchison Township
ontariominerals.com; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:232-233
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre) (TL)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Kolwezi District
        • Kamoto
Deliens, M., Piret, P. (1986) La kamototïte-(Y), un nouveau carbonate d'uranyle et de terres rares de Kamoto, Shaba, Zaïre. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 109: 643-647; Eur. J. Mineral., 1990, 2
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
Markl, G. & Slotta, C. (2011): Die Uranmineralien des Lagerstättenreviers Wittichen im mittleren Schwarzwald. Lapis 36 (3), 25-37; 54 (in German).
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Krødsherad
      • Krøderen Lake
Kristiansen, R. (1990): Nye sekundære uranmineraler fra Bjertnes, Krødsherad. STEIN 17(1), 25-28
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Finhaut
        • Giétroz
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 236.; Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
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