Donate now to keep alive!Help|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
What is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their MineralsGeological TimeMineral Evolution
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Erling Kamphaug (1931-2000)
Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
White to colorless
2 - 3
Crystal System:
Named after the Norwegian Erling Kamphaug (1931-2000) a mineral collector who supplied the first specimens from Hørtekollen, Norway for study.

The mineral was first reported from the Verkhnee Espe Massif, Kazakhstan as "tengerite" by Stepanov (1961), later designated as "calciotengerite" by Mineev (1994). Similar Ca-Y-carbonat mineral with the same XRD pattern were also described from Transvaal, South Africa (Verwoerd 1963) and Evans-Lou pegmatite, Quebec, Canada (Hogarth, 1972). However, it was first the find of better crystallized materiale at Hørtekollen, Norway that made a description of it as a new mineral possible by Raade & Braastad (1993).
Related to tengerite-(Y) and similar minerals. A result of low-temperature hydrothermal alteration of yttrium-bearing minerals in granitic rocks, often found in cavities and cracks. At the TL kamphaugite-(Y) may have a coating of montmorillonite.

Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Approval Year:
First Published:

D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
C : With large cations

1 : AmBn(XO3)pZqxH2O & with (m+n):p = 1:1

Physical Properties of Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

White to colorless
Spherules may be pale yellow to brown
2 - 3 on Mohs scale
Hardness Data:
None Observed

Optical Data of Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.627 nβ = 1.663 nγ = 1.663 nε = 1.627
Measured: 15°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.036
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
not observed
The mineral from Hørtekollen is anomalously biaxial with 2V (-)approximately equal to 15.

Chemical Properties of Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
IMA Formula:
CaY(CO3)2(OH) · H2O

Crystallography of Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
4 2 2 - Trapezohedral
Space Group:
P41 21 2
P41 21 2
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.434 Å, c = 21.793 Å
a:c = 1 : 2.932
Unit Cell V:
1205.2 ų
Forms observed: {001} and probably {100} and {110}

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:

Type Occurrence of Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Platy crystals up to 1 mm across forming divergent or rose-like aggregates, sometimes small spherules.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
In the Mineralogical-Geological Museum, University of Oslo, catalogue no. 14769.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
In cavities of a magnetite-helvite skarn deposit.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Other Language Names for Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Simplified Chinese:碳钇钙石
Traditional Chinese:碳釔鈣石

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Decrespignyite-(Y)12 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with Decrespignyite-(Y) on
Pyrite5 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with Pyrite on
Laumontite5 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with Laumontite on
Quartz4 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with Quartz on
Donnayite-(Y)4 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with Donnayite-(Y) on
Stilbite4 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with Stilbite on
Calcite3 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with Calcite on
Bastnäsite-(La)2 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with Bastnäsite-(La) on
Aragonite2 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with Aragonite on
Uranophane2 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with Uranophane on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.DC.05Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.DC.05Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.DC.05Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2OMon. m : Pm
5.DC.05Gysinite-(Nd)PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.DC.05Ancylite-(La)LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.DC.05Kozoite-(Nd)(Nd,La,Sm,Pr)(CO3)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.DC.15SheldrickiteNaCa3(CO3)2F3 · H2OTrig. 3 : P32
5.DC.20Thomasclarkite-(Y)(Na,Ce)(Y,REE)(HCO3)(OH)3 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P2
5.DC.25Peterbaylissite(Hg+2)1.5(CO3)(OH) · 2H2OOrth.
5.DC.30Clearcreekite(Hg+2)1.5(CO3)(OH) · 2H2OMon.
5.DC.35NiveolaniteNaBe(CO3)(OH) · 2H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mcc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Stepanov, A. V. (1961): New and rare minerals in alkaligranites of Kazakhstan (in Russian). Trudy Kazakhskogo Nauchno-Issledovatelskogo Instituta Mineralnogo Syrya: 5: 147-161. [as tengerite]
Mineev, D. A. (1974): Lantanoidy v rudakh redkozemelnykh i kompleksnykh mestorozhdenii (Lanthanoids in rare earth ores and in complex places of origin). Nauka, Moscow, 240 pp. [as calciotengerite]
Hogarth, D. D. (1972): The Evans-Lou pegmatite, Quebec: A unique yttrium-niobium-bismuth-vanadium mineral assemblage. Mineralogical Record: 3: 69-77. [as UN-21]
Raade, G. & Brastad, K. (1993): Kamphaugite-(Y), a new hydrous Ca-(Y-REE)-carbonate mineral. European Journal of Mineralogy: 5: 679-683
Rømming, C., Kocharian, A.K. & Raade, G. (1993): The crystal structure of kamphaugite-(Y). European Journal of Mineralogy: 5: 685-690
Mandarino, J.A. (1997): New Minerals 1990-1994. The Mineralogical Record Inc, Tucson 1997
Mineralogical Magazine (2006): 70: 397-404.

Internet Links for Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Localities for Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Yunta
[C. Kovac, pers com]
  • Québec
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Val-des-Monts
          • Lac Saint-Pierre (Wakefield Lake)
Hogarth, D.D. (1972): The Evans-Lou pegmatite, Québec: a unique yttrium-niobium-bismuth-vanadium mineral assemblage. Mineralogical Record, 3, 69-77.
  • Heves Co.
    • Bükk Mts
      • Szarvaskő
GEODA, "New minerals in Hungary" 1999; Fehér, B., Szakáll, S. & Nagy, G. (2003): Kamphaugite-(Y), a rare hydrous Ca-Y-carbonate mineral from Szarvaskő, Bükk Mountains, Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, 1, p. 30.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Feriolo
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
Grill, E. (1935): I minerali del granito di Baveno, la fayalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 129-133. - Gallitelli, P. (1936): Le miche del granito di Baveno. . Periodico di Mineralogia, 61-76 - Pagliani, G. (1948): Le Zeoliti del granito di Baveno. Periodico di Mineralogia, 175-188. - Ravagnani, D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Ed., Milano, 188 pp. - min. Rec. 14 (3), 157-168 - Am. Min. 83, 1330-1334 (1998) - Am. Min. 84, 782-789 (1999). - Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2004): Kristiansenite a Baveno, second ritrovamento Mondiale della specie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 247-251. - Guastoni, A., Demartin, F., Pezzotta, F. (2004): Sekaninaite delle pegmatiti granitiche di Feriolo e Baveno (VB). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 145, 59-68. - Mineralogist americano (2005) 90, 1442-1452.
Sergio Varvello
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010: parte seconda. Micro, 3/2011, 98-100.
      • La Maddalena
        • La Maddalena Island
Gamboni, A. (2003): Cala Francese - La Maddalena (SS). Micro (località), 2003, 11-20
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki Region
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Kameoka City
Tsuruta et al. (2005) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 146.
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Tarbagatai Range
      • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
Stepanov, A.V. (1961): New and rare minerals in alkali granites of Kazakhstan. Trudy Kazakhskogo Nauchno-Isledovatelskogo Insituta Mineralnogo Syrya, 5, 147-161.
  • Erongo Region
    • Arandis
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
  • Khomas Region
    • Gamsberg Area
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 619 (in English)
  • Aust-Agder
    • Iveland
      • Frikstad
K. Eldjarn, pers. com. to P. Andresen, 2004./ Revheim, O. (2006): Slobrekka, Iveland, Del 1. STEIN 33 (4), 53-55
      • Ljosland
Breivik, H., Myre, K. & Gunnufsen, K. (2010): Gammelt og nytt, stort og smått fra Storsynken, Knipane, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 43: 88-93
  • Buskerud
    • Lier
      • Sylling
Raade, G. & Brastad, K.(1993): Kamphaugite-(Y), a new hydrous Ca-(Y-REE)-carbonate mineral. European Journal of Mineralogy. 5, 679-683
  • Nordland
    • Tysfjord
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
  • Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
Thomas Witzke collection
Raade, Sæbø, Austrheim & Kristiansen (1993): Kuliokite-(Y) and its alteration products kainosite-(Y) and kamphaugite-(Y) from granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Norway, European Journal of Mineralogy: 5: 691-698.
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
    • Kragerø
Raade, G. & Brastad, K.(1993): Kamphaugite-(Y), a new hydrous Ca-(Y-REE)-carbonate mineral. European Journal of Mineralogy. 5, 679-683 + Ljøstad, O.T. (1994): Kamphaugitt-(Y)- det nyest beskrevne mineralet fra Norge. STEIN 21 (2), 143-144
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Tvedalen
        • Tuften (Tuften 1 Quarry; Tuften 2 Quarry)
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Polar Yakutia
        • Cherskii range system
          • Selennyakh range
            • Tommot river
no reference
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Keivy Mountains
        • Western Keivy Massif
Natural History Museum Vienna collection; Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A., Yakovenchuk V.N., Men'shikov Yu.P., Sokolova E.V., Egorov-Tismenko Yu.K. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А., Яковенчук В. Н., Меньшиков Ю. П., Соколова Е. В., Егоров-Тисменко Ю. К.] (1996): Kamphaugite-(Y) and tengerite-(Y) from amazonite randpegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Камфагит-(Y) и тенгерит-(Y) из амазонитовых рандпегматитов Кольского полуострова]. Zap. VMO [Зап. ВМО], 125, 1, 109-119 (in Russian).
South Africa
  • North West Province
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
VERWOERD, W.J. (2008) Kamphaugite-(Y) from the Goudini carbonatite, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 1007-1022.
  • Madrid
    • Cadalso de los Vidrios
      • Concessione Veneros
Menor, C (2007). Kamphaugite-(Y) in Cadalso de los Vidrios (Madrid). Mineral Up, 2007-2, 48-49.
Mineralogical Magazine 70(4),397-404(2006)
Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
  • Maine
    • Hancock Co.
      • Mount Desert
King, V. and Foord, E., 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, volume 2, Addenda.
  • Massachusetts
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Ashland
Médard E, Cristofono P, Henderson W A (2007) Kamphaugite-(Y) from Ashland, MA (MMNE Newsletter 284:2-5)
Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: February 19, 2018 00:17:01 Page generated: January 25, 2018 03:42:50
Go to top of page