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About Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Erling Kamphaug (1931-2000)
Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
White to colorless
2 - 3
Crystal System:
Named after the Norwegian Erling Kamphaug (1931-2000) a mineral collector who supplied the first specimens from Hørtekollen, Norway for study.

The mineral was first reported from the Verkhnee Espe Massif, Kazakhstan as "tengerite" by Stepanov (1961), later designated as "calciotengerite" by Mineev (1994). Similar Ca-Y-carbonat mineral with the same XRD pattern were also described from Transvaal, South Africa (Verwoerd 1963) and Evans-Lou pegmatite, Quebec, Canada (Hogarth, 1972). However, it was first the find of better crystallized materiale at Hørtekollen, Norway that made a description of it as a new mineral possible by Raade & Braastad (1993).
Related to tengerite-(Y) and similar minerals. A result of low-temperature hydrothermal alteration of yttrium-bearing minerals in granitic rocks, often found in cavities and cracks. At the TL kamphaugite-(Y) may have a coating of montmorillonite.

Classification of Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Approval Year:
First Published:

D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
C : With large cations

1 : AmBn(XO3)pZqxH2O & with (m+n):p = 1:1

Physical Properties of Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

White to colorless
Spherules may be pale yellow to brown
2 - 3 on Mohs scale
Hardness Data:
None Observed

Optical Data of Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.627 nβ = 1.663 nγ = 1.663 nε = 1.627
Measured: 15°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.036
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
not observed
The mineral from Hørtekollen is anomalously biaxial with 2V (-)approximately equal to 15.

Chemical Properties of Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
IMA Formula:
CaY(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Emperical Formula (of original material):

Crystallography of Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
4 2 2 - Trapezohedral
Space Group:
P41 21 2
P41 21 2
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.434 Å, c = 21.793 Å
a:c = 1 : 2.932
Unit Cell V:
1205.2 ų
Forms observed: {001} and probably {100} and {110}

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0006483Kamphaugite-(Y)Romming C, Kocharian A K, Raade G (1993) The crystal structure of kamphaugite-(Y) European Journal of Mineralogy 5 685-69019930293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:

Type Occurrence of Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Platy crystals up to 1 mm across forming divergent or rose-like aggregates, sometimes small spherules.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
In the Mineralogical-Geological Museum, University of Oslo, catalogue no. 14769.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
In cavities of a magnetite-helvite skarn deposit.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Other Language Names for Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Simplified Chinese:碳钇钙石
Traditional Chinese:碳釔鈣石

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
12 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with Decrespignyite-(Y)Cu(Y,REE)4(CO3)4(OH)5Cl · 2H2O
5 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with PyriteFeS2
5 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
4 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with QuartzSiO2
4 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
4 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with Stilbite subgroup(Na/Ca/K)6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
3 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with CalciteCaCO3
2 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
2 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with AragoniteCaCO3
2 photos of Kamphaugite-(Y) associated with UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.DC.05Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.DC.05Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.DC.05Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2OMon. m : Pm
5.DC.05Gysinite-(Nd)PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.DC.05Ancylite-(La)LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.DC.05Kozoite-(Nd)(Nd,La,Sm,Pr)(CO3)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.DC.15SheldrickiteNaCa3(CO3)2F3 · H2OTrig. 3 : P32
5.DC.20Thomasclarkite-(Y)(Na,Ce)(Y,REE)(HCO3)(OH)3 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P2
5.DC.25Peterbaylissite[Hg2]2+3[CO3]2(OH)2 · 4H2OOrth.
5.DC.30Clearcreekite[Hg2]2+3[CO3]2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
5.DC.35NiveolaniteNaBe(CO3)(OH) · 2H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mcc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Stepanov, A. V. (1961): New and rare minerals in alkaligranites of Kazakhstan (in Russian). Trudy Kazakhskogo Nauchno-Issledovatelskogo Instituta Mineralnogo Syrya: 5: 147-161. [as tengerite]
Mineev, D. A. (1974): Lantanoidy v rudakh redkozemelnykh i kompleksnykh mestorozhdenii (Lanthanoids in rare earth ores and in complex places of origin). Nauka, Moscow, 240 pp. [as calciotengerite]
Hogarth, D. D. (1972): The Evans-Lou pegmatite, Quebec: A unique yttrium-niobium-bismuth-vanadium mineral assemblage. Mineralogical Record: 3: 69-77. [as UN-21]
Raade, G. & Brastad, K. (1993): Kamphaugite-(Y), a new hydrous Ca-(Y-REE)-carbonate mineral. European Journal of Mineralogy: 5: 679-683
Rømming, C., Kocharian, A.K. & Raade, G. (1993): The crystal structure of kamphaugite-(Y). European Journal of Mineralogy: 5: 685-690
Mandarino, J.A. (1997): New Minerals 1990-1994. The Mineralogical Record Inc, Tucson 1997
Mineralogical Magazine (2006): 70: 397-404.

Internet Links for Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

Localities for Kamphaugite-(Y)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Yunta
[C. Kovac, pers com]
  • Québec
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Val-des-Monts
          • Lac Saint-Pierre (Wakefield Lake)
Hogarth, D.D. (1972): The Evans-Lou pegmatite, Québec: a unique yttrium-niobium-bismuth-vanadium mineral assemblage. Mineralogical Record, 3, 69-77.
  • Heves County
    • Eger
      • Szarvaskő
GEODA, "New minerals in Hungary" 1999; Fehér, B., Szakáll, S. & Nagy, G. (2003): Kamphaugite-(Y), a rare hydrous Ca-Y-carbonate mineral from Szarvaskő, Bükk Mountains, Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, 1, p. 30.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Feriolo
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
Grill, E. (1935): I minerali del granito di Baveno, la fayalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 129-133. - Gallitelli, P. (1936): Le miche del granito di Baveno. . Periodico di Mineralogia, 61-76 - Pagliani, G. (1948): Le Zeoliti del granito di Baveno. Periodico di Mineralogia, 175-188. - Ravagnani, D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Ed., Milano, 188 pp. - min. Rec. 14 (3), 157-168 - Am. Min. 83, 1330-1334 (1998) - Am. Min. 84, 782-789 (1999). - Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2004): Kristiansenite a Baveno, second ritrovamento Mondiale della specie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 247-251. - Guastoni, A., Demartin, F., Pezzotta, F. (2004): Sekaninaite delle pegmatiti granitiche di Feriolo e Baveno (VB). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 145, 59-68. - Mineralogist americano (2005) 90, 1442-1452.
Sergio Varvello
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010: parte seconda. Micro, 3/2011, 98-100.
      • La Maddalena
        • La Maddalena Island
Gamboni, A. (2003): Cala Francese - La Maddalena (SS). Micro (località), 2003, 11-20
  • Kyoto Prefecture
    • Kameoka City
Tsuruta et al. (2005) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 146.
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Tarbagatai Range
      • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
Stepanov, A.V. (1961): New and rare minerals in alkali granites of Kazakhstan. Trudy Kazakhskogo Nauchno-Isledovatelskogo Insituta Mineralnogo Syrya, 5, 147-161.
  • Erongo Region
    • Arandis
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 343 pp. (in English)
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Gamsberg area
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 619 (in English)
  • Agder
    • Iveland
      • Frikstad
K. Eldjarn, pers. com. to P. Andresen, 2004./ Revheim, O. (2006): Slobrekka, Iveland, Del 1. STEIN 33 (4), 53-55
      • Ljosland
Breivik, H., Myre, K. & Gunnufsen, K. (2010): Gammelt og nytt, stort og smått fra Storsynken, Knipane, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 43: 88-93
  • Buskerud
    • Lier
      • Sylling
Raade, G. & Brastad, K.(1993): Kamphaugite-(Y), a new hydrous Ca-(Y-REE)-carbonate mineral. European Journal of Mineralogy. 5, 679-683
  • Nordland
    • Narvik
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
  • Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
Thomas Witzke collection
Raade, Sæbø, Austrheim & Kristiansen (1993): Kuliokite-(Y) and its alteration products kainosite-(Y) and kamphaugite-(Y) from granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Norway, European Journal of Mineralogy: 5: 691-698.
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
    • Kragerø
Raade, G. & Brastad, K.(1993): Kamphaugite-(Y), a new hydrous Ca-(Y-REE)-carbonate mineral. European Journal of Mineralogy. 5, 679-683 + Ljøstad, O.T. (1994): Kamphaugitt-(Y)- det nyest beskrevne mineralet fra Norge. STEIN 21 (2), 143-144
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Tvedalen
        • Tuften (Tuften 1 Quarry; Tuften 2 Quarry)
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Lovozersky District
      • Keivy Mountains
        • Western Keivy Massif
Natural History Museum Vienna collection; Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A., Yakovenchuk V.N., Men'shikov Yu.P., Sokolova E.V., Egorov-Tismenko Yu.K. [Волошин А. В., Пахомовский Я. А., Яковенчук В. Н., Меньшиков Ю. П., Соколова Е. В., Егоров-Тисменко Ю. К.] (1996): Kamphaugite-(Y) and tengerite-(Y) from amazonite randpegmatites of the Kola Peninsula [Камфагит-(Y) и тенгерит-(Y) из амазонитовых рандпегматитов Кольского полуострова]. Zap. VMO [Зап. ВМО], 125, 1, 109-119 (in Russian).
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Polar Yakutia
      • Cherskii range system
        • Selennyakh range
          • Tommot river
no reference
South Africa
  • North West
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
VERWOERD, W.J. (2008) Kamphaugite-(Y) from the Goudini carbonatite, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 1007-1022.
  • Community of Madrid
    • Cadalso de los Vidrios
      • Veneros claim
Menor, C (2007). Kamphaugite-(Y) in Cadalso de los Vidrios (Madrid). Mineral Up, 2007-2, 48-49.
Mineralogical Magazine 70(4),397-404(2006)
Tanago, J. G., Lozano, P. L., Larios, A. , La Iglesia, A. (2012) Stokesite crystals from La Cabrera, Madrid, Spain. Mineralogical Record 43:499-508
  • Maine
    • Hancock County
      • Mount Desert Township
King, V. and Foord, E., 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, volume 2, Addenda.
  • Massachusetts
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Ashland
Médard E, Cristofono P, Henderson W A (2007) Kamphaugite-(Y) from Ashland, MA (MMNE Newsletter 284:2-5)
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