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Karelianite

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Formula:
V3+2O3
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
8 - 9
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Member of:
Name:
After the Karelian schist belt, the region of Finland where the mineral occurs.
Hematite Group. The vanadium analogue of Corundum, Eskolaite, and Hematite.

A metastable polymorph with a bixbyite-type structure is known (Lüdtke et al, Z. Kristallogr. in press 2017).


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Classification of KarelianiteHide

Approved
4.CB.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
B : With medium-sized cations
4.3.1.4

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
3 : A2X3
7.12.18

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
12 : Oxides of V, Nb and Ta

Physical Properties of KarelianiteHide

Metallic
Colour:
Black
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
8 - 9 on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of KarelianiteHide

Formula:
V3+2O3
IMA Formula:
V2O3
Common Impurities:
Fe,Cr

Crystallography of KarelianiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.95 Å, c = 14 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.828
Unit Cell V:
297.08 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of KarelianiteHide

Other Language Names for KarelianiteHide

Relationship of Karelianite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
CorundumAl2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
EskolaiteCr2O3Trig.
HematiteFe2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
TistariteTi3+2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Natalyite1 photo of Karelianite associated with Natalyite on mindat.org.
Diopside1 photo of Karelianite associated with Diopside on mindat.org.
Olkhonskite1 photo of Karelianite associated with Olkhonskite on mindat.org.
Rutile1 photo of Karelianite associated with Rutile on mindat.org.
Quartz1 photo of Karelianite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.CB.05BrizziiteNaSb5+O3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05CorundumAl2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.05Ecandrewsite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05EskolaiteCr2O3Trig.
4.CB.05GeikieliteMgTiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05HematiteFe2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.05IlmeniteFe2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05MelanostibiteMn2+(Sb5+,Fe3+)O3Trig.
4.CB.05PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3Trig. 3 : R3
4.CB.05Akimotoite(Mg,Fe2+)SiO3Trig.
4.CB.05AuroantimonateAuSbO3
4.CB.05UM1998-11-O-AuHSbAu+2Sb3+O2(OH)
4.CB.05TistariteTi3+2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.CB.10AvicenniteTl2O3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.CB.10BixbyiteMn3+2O3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
4.CB.15Armalcolite(Mg,Fe2+)Ti2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CB.15PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N2S[(Zn,Al,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+,Ti)8O15(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Zincohögbomite-2N6S[(Zn,Mg)7(Al,Fe3+,Ti)16O31(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-6N6S[(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Ti,Fe3+)8O15(OH)]6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N3S[(Mg,Fe2+,Zn)4(Al,Ti,Fe3+)10O19(OH)]2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
4.CB.20Magnesiohögbomite-2N2S[(Mg,Fe2+)3[Al7(Ti,Fe3+)]O15(OH)]2Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.20Ferrohögbomite-6N12S[(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)5(Al,Ti,Fe3+)12O23(OH)]6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.CB.25PseudorutileFe2Ti3O9Hex.
4.CB.25KleberiteFeTi6O11(OH)5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.30BerdesinskiiteV3+2TiO5Mon.
4.CB.30OxyvaniteV3+2V4+O5Mon. 2/m : B2/b
4.CB.35Olkhonskite(Cr,V)2Ti3O9Mon.
4.CB.35SchreyeriteV3+2Ti3O9Mon.
4.CB.40KamiokiteFe2Mo3O8Hex.
4.CB.40Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2Hex.
4.CB.40RinmaniteZn2Sb2Mg2Fe4O14(OH)2Hex. 6 : P63
4.CB.40IseiteMn2Mo3O8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.40MajindeiteMg2Mo3O8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
4.CB.45ClaudetiteAs2O3Mon. 2/m
4.CB.45StibioclaudetiteAsSbO3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
4.CB.50ArsenoliteAs2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.CB.50SenarmontiteSb2O3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.CB.55ValentiniteSb2O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
4.CB.60BismiteBi2O3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.65SphaerobismoiteBi2O3Tet.
4.CB.70SilléniteBi12SiO20Iso. 2 3 : I2 3
4.CB.75KyzylkumiteV3+Ti2O5(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.CB.80TietaiyangiteFe3+4Fe2+TiO9Hex.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

4.3.1.1CorundumAl2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.3.1.2HematiteFe2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
4.3.1.3EskolaiteCr2O3Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.12.1Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)Orth.
7.12.2 ScherbinaiteV5+2O5
7.12.3ParamontroseiteV4+O2Orth.
7.12.4HäggiteV3+V4+O2(OH)3Mon.
7.12.5DuttoniteV4+O(OH)2Mon. 2/m
7.12.6DoloresiteV4+3O4(OH)4Mon.
7.12.7LenobliteV4+2O4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.12.8NavajoiteFe3+V5+9O24 · 12H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
7.12.9VanoxiteV4+4V5+2O13 · 8H2O
7.12.10BarianditeAl0.6(V5+,V4+)8O20 · 9H2OMon.
7.12.11Corvusite(Na,K,Ca,Mg)2(V5+,V4+,Fe2+)8O20 · 6-10H2OMon.
7.12.12SimplotiteCaV4+4O9 · 5H2OMon.
7.12.13KyzylkumiteV3+Ti2O5(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.12.14SchreyeriteV3+2Ti3O9Mon.
7.12.15BerdesinskiiteV3+2TiO5Mon.
7.12.16TivaniteV3+TiO3(OH)Mon.
7.12.17MannarditeBa(Ti4+6V3+2)O16Tet. 4/m : I41/a
7.12.19CoulsoniteFe2+V3+2O4
7.12.20Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2Hex.
7.12.21VuorelaineniteMn2+V3+2O4
7.12.22TantiteTa2O5Tric.
7.12.23Kimrobinsonite(Ta,Nb)(OH)5-2x(O,CO3)x ; x near 1.2Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KarelianiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (1962): 117: 233-237.
American Mineralogist (1963): 48: 33-41.

Internet Links for KarelianiteHide

Localities for KarelianiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Fiji
 
  • Viti Levu
    • Tavua Gold Field
      • Vatukoula
16th Australian Geological Convention, Adelaide, ; Spry, P. G., & Scherbarth, N. L. (2006). The gold–vanadium–tellurium association at the Tuvatu gold–silver prospect, Fiji: conditions of ore deposition. Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 171-186
Finland (TL)
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Outokumpu Cu-Co-Zn-Ni-Ag-Au ore field
J.V.P. Long, Y. Vuorelainen, O. Kouvo: Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963)
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Vihanti
Sergeeva, N. E., Eremin, N. I., & Dergachev, A. L. (2011, February). Vanadium mineralization in ore of the Vihanti massive sulfide base-metal deposit, Finland. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 436, No. 2, pp. 210-212). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Gabon
 
  • Haut-Ogooué Province
    • Franceville
Janusz Janeczek (1999) Mineralogy and geochemistry of natural fission reactors in Gabon. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, MSA, v. 38, p. 321-392
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • St Andreasberg District
        • St Andreasberg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
India
 
  • Odisha (Orissa)
    • Cuttack District
Mallick, B., Rautray, T. R., Nayak, P. K., Vijayan, V., Singh, P., Behera, R. C., ... & Choudhury, R. K. (2005, March). Characterisation of hot material erupted from Mahanadi riverbank using EDXRF and XRD techniques. In INDIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICS AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE INDIAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE CULTIVATION OF SCIENCE-NEW SERIES- (Vol. 79, No. 3, p. 293). NOT KNOWN.
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Stazzema
          • Ponte Stazzemese
Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
Madagascar
 
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Southwestern Region
      • Ampanihy District
        • Fotadrevo Commune
Cecco, V. D. (2013). The Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Green Giant Vanadium-graphite Deposit, SW Madagascar (Masters dissertation). University of Toronto
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Lake Baikal area
[MinRec 27:304]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
          • Slyudyanka (Sludyanka)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bosi, F., Reznitskii, L., Skogby, H., & Hålenius, U. (2014). Vanadio-oxy-chromium-dravite, NaV3 (Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3) 3 (OH) 3O, a new mineral species of the tourmaline supergroup. American Mineralogist, 99(5-6), 1155-1162.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
        • Lovchorr Mt
Karpov S.M., Voloshin A.V., Savchenko E.E., Selivanova E.A., Polekhovskii Yu.S. (2012) Coulsonite in Pyrrhotite gorge deposit (Kola peninsula): the first find in Russia, - Doklady RAN, 445/2, p. 1-3(in Russ.)
Tanzania
 
  • Manyara Region
    • Simanjiro District
      • Lelatema Mts
Can. Mineral. 46 (2008) 1183-1194; Mineralogical Record (2009) 40:347-408
Feneyrol J., Ohnenstetter D., Gaston,G., Fallick A. E., Rollion-Bard C., Robert J. L., and Malisa E. P. (20): Evidence of evaporites in the genesis of the vanadian grossular "tsavorite" deposit in Namalulu, Tanzania. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 745-769
Mineral and/or Locality  
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