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Kermesite

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Formula:
Sb2S2O
Colour:
Red
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
1 - 1½
Specific Gravity:
4.5 - 4.6
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
From Greek kermes (from the Persian "qurmizq", "crimson"), a name (in the older chemistry) for red amorphous antimony trisulphide, often mixed with antimony trioxide.
Crusts and coatings may be confused with metastibnite.


Classification of Kermesite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.FD.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
F : Sulfides of arsenic, alkalies; sulfides with halide, oxide, hydroxide, H2O
D : With O, OH, H2O
Dana 7th ed.:
2.13.1.1
2.13.1.1

2 : SULFIDES
13 : Oxysulfides
4.2

4 : Oxysulphides

Physical Properties of Kermesite

Adamantine
Transparency:
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Red
Streak:
Brownish Red
Hardness:
1 - 1½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {100}
Density:
4.5 - 4.6 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.85 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Kermesite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 2.720 nβ = 2.740 nγ = 2.740
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of Kermesite

Formula:
Sb2S2O
IMA Formula:
Sb2OS2

Crystallography of Kermesite

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.84 Å, b = 4.07 Å, c = 10.25 Å
α = 90°, β = 101.53°, γ = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.663 : 1 : 2.518
Unit Cell V:
443.09 ų
Z:
4

Type Occurrence of Kermesite

Synonyms of Kermesite

Other Language Names for Kermesite

Common Associates

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Stibnite64 photos of Kermesite associated with Stibnite on mindat.org.
Valentinite51 photos of Kermesite associated with Valentinite on mindat.org.
Calcite17 photos of Kermesite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Quartz16 photos of Kermesite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Schafarzikite14 photos of Kermesite associated with Schafarzikite on mindat.org.
Senarmontite13 photos of Kermesite associated with Senarmontite on mindat.org.
Gypsum9 photos of Kermesite associated with Gypsum on mindat.org.
Stibiconite7 photos of Kermesite associated with Stibiconite on mindat.org.
Antimony7 photos of Kermesite associated with Antimony on mindat.org.
Parapierrotite5 photos of Kermesite associated with Parapierrotite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping

2.FD.UKI-2004-(OS:BiCuPb)PbCu4Bi4S2O16 (?)
2.FD.10Viaeneite(Fe,Pb)4S8O
2.FD.20ErditeNaFeS2 · 2H2O
2.FD.25CoyoteiteNaFe3S5 · 2H2O
2.FD.30Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
2.FD.30Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
2.FD.30Yushkinite(Mg,Al)V4+S2(OH)2
2.FD.35TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
2.FD.40WilhelmramsayiteCu3FeS3·2H2O
2.FD.45VyalsoviteFeCaAlS(OH)5
2.FD.50BazhenoviteCa8S2(S3)(S2O3)(OH)12 · 20H2O

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals Grouping

4.1BazhenoviteCa8S2(S3)(S2O3)(OH)12 · 20H2O
4.3SarabauiteCaSb3+10S6O10
4.4SchöllhorniteNa0.3CrS2 · H2O
4.5Yushkinite(Mg,Al)V4+S2(OH)2
4.6VyalsoviteFeCaAlS(OH)5
4.7Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
4.8TochiliniteFe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
4.9Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
4.10ApuaniteFe2+Fe3+4Sb3+4O12S
4.11VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kermesite

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hebenstreit, J.E. (1737) De Antimonio rubro. Acta physico-medica Academiæ Cæsareæ Leopoldino-Carolinæ Naturæ Curiosum exhibentia Ephemerides sive Observationes Historias et Experimenta a Celeberrimis Germaniæ et Exterarum Regionum Viris Habita et Communicata Singulari Studio Collecta, Vol. 4, p. 557-561. Norimbergae, apud Hæredes W.M. Endteri et J.A. Engelbrechti Vuduam (description as "Antimonium rubrum", "Stibium rubrum", from the Gnade Gottes mine, which became later part of the Neue Hoffnung Gottes mine, Bräunsdorf, Saxony).
Cronstedt, A.F. von (1758) Försök til Mineralogie eller Mineral Rikets Upställning. Stockholm, Wildiska Tryckeriet, 251 p. (p. 203).
Stephani, J.E. (1759) Henckelius in Mineralogia Redivivus. Dreßden, bey Johann Nicolaus Gerlach, 344 p. (p. 121) (from Bräunsdorf, description of occurrence and paragenesis).
Klaproth, M.H. (1802) Chemische Untersuchung des faserigen Roth-Spießglanzerzes, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Dritter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 178-182.
Rose, H. (1825) Ueber die Verbindungen des Antimons mit Chlor und Schwefel.- Poggendorffs Annalen der Chemie und Physik 3, 441-454 (chemical analysis, formula).
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 279-280.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1987) 12: 557-567.
Hybler, J. and Durovic, S. (2013) Kermesite, Sb2S2O: crystal structure revision and order-disorder interpretation. Acta Crystallogr. B69, 570-583.

Internet Links for Kermesite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-2187.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Kermesite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Kermesite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Constantine Province
    • Ain Beida
      • Ain Babouche
BARRAL, J.P. (2013): Nador n'Bails - Djebel Hammimat. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 102, 5-22.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Buller Co.
      • Wilsons Downfall
        • Rivertree
Paul Melville collection
    • Fitzroy Co.
      • Paddys Plain
Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Gilligan, L.B. and Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (GS 1992/393).
    • Sandon Co.
Judy Rowe collection
Diemar, G.A., Filella, M., Leverett, P. and Williams, P.A. (2009) Dispersion of antimony from oxidizing ore deposits. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81, 1547-1553. [http://pac.iupac.org/publications/pac/pdf/2009/pdf/8109x1547.pdf]
    • Yancowinna Co.
Worner, H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds. Birch, W. D. (et al) (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill, published by Australian Mining & Smelting Limited ISBN 0-909221-18-9
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Omeo
        • Mt Wills Mining District
          • Sunnyside
    • Mansfield Shire
      • Woods Point
F.Bussat 1980, Minerals from some mines in the Woods Point district, Victoria. The Australian Mineralogist No.31, July 1980, pp. 147-152
Bussat, F, (1980) Minerals from some mines in the Woods Point district, Victoria, The Australian Mineralogist No. 31, July 1980, pp. 147-152.
    • Moorabool Shire
      • Bacchus Marsh
        • Pyrites Creek (Coimadai Creek; Pyretes Creek; Pyrete Creek)
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Oberwart
      • Stadtschlaining
Huber, S. und Huber, P. (1977): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 8: Oberösterreich, Niederösterreich und Burgenland. C. Weise Verlag, München, 270 pp.; Huber, S. & Huber, P. (1981): Die Mineralien der Antimonitlagerstätte Schlaining, Burgenland. Die Eisenblüte, Jahrg. 2 NF., Nr. 3, 18-22.
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Villach
      • Afritz Mts
        • Oswaldiberg
Hiden (1997)
  • Styria
    • Frohnleiten
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Hohl, O. (1929)
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro Department
    • Cercado Province
      • Oruro City
Philip Blümner specimens
    • Poopó Province
[MinRec 32:477]
Dr. Fritz Berndt, unpublished analyses
[MinRec 32:479]
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • York Co.
      • Prince William Parish
        • Lake George
[MinRec 1991]; Dana 6:1104.; WILSON, W.E. (1991) The Lake George antimony mine, New Brunswick. Mineralogical Record 22, 263-267.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Cross Cove
Sabiba (2003) 82.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
      • West Gore
Dana 7:I:280.; Econ Geol (1996) 91:1239-1262
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Dome Township
Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
        • Hemlo gold deposit
Collection of Robert C. Smith, II from D. Polock collection
  • Québec
    • Centre-du-Québec
      • Arthabaska RCM
        • Saints-Martyrs-Canadiens
[MinRec 1996]; Econ Geol (1997) 92:308-324
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Tianyang Co.
Chunsheng Wang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(11), 20-23
    • Nanning Prefecture
      • Shanglin Co.
        • Dafeng
Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17.
Renke Li (1993): Geological Exploration for Non-Ferrous Metals 2(5), 264-270; Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
  • Guizhou Province
    • Qiandongnan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Kaili Co.
Yongke Chen, Kun Li, and Lianqiang You (2004): Guizhou Geology 21(1), 41-47
  • Hunan Province
    • Loudi Prefecture
      • Lengshuijiang Co.
Guozhang Wen, Qiang Wu, Hanyuan Liu, Guozhu Xie, and Xiuliu Lei (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 20-27; Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Shangluo Prefecture
      • Danfeng Co.
Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17
  • Sichuan Province
    • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Zoigê Co. (Ruo'ergai Co.)
Su Sun (1993): Gold Science and Technology 1(2), 4-10
Colombia
 
  • Antioquia Department
Publications of the Field Columbian Museum Geological Series Vol 1 1895-1902 pp 121-177
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Benešov (Beneschau)
Losert J.: Nález antimonového zrudnění v auterole centrálního moldanubického plutonu. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1979, 24, 2, 207.
      • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
No reference listed
      • Příbram
        • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
          • Černojamské deposit (Black pits deposit)
[Bull.N.M.Praha 2002, 10, p.43-77]
[Bull.N.M.Praha 2002, 10, p.43-77]
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    • Plzeň Region
      • Chodová Planá (Kuttenplan)
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Staré Město
Fojt, B., Kopa, D., Skácel, J.: Paragenetická studie výskytů As-Sb asociace ve staroměstských pásmech I. Hynčice pod Sušinou. Časopis Slezského muzea, série A, vědy přírodní, 1977, roč. 26, č. 1, s. 1-20.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38; Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp. (299-302)
    • Seinäjoki
      • Nurmo
Geological Survey of Finland website
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Cantal
      • Espezolles
        • Anval farm
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM / Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
      • Ferrières-Saint-Mary
        • Lusclade
inventaire cantal
      • Massiac
        • Saint-Mary-le-Plain
          • Luzer
Robin Fialip
      • Talizat
        • Auliac
J.-J. Périchaud: "Les Minéraux d'Auvergne", Vol. 2, 1986
    • Haute-Loire
      • Brioude
        • Saint-Beauzire
Queneau Patrice collection
      • Langeac
        • Barlet
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
      • Lavoûte-Chilhac
        • Ally
Sebastian Axt Collection
Collection Patrice Queneau
      • Lubilhac
        • Dahu Mine (Daü Mine; Dahut Mine)
C. Vialaron : La mine d'antimoine de Daü,127p,Le-Puy-en-Velay (1999)
C. Vialaron : La mine d'antimoine de Daü,127p, Le-Puy-en-Velay (1999)
C. Vialaron : La mine d'antimoine de Daü, 127p, Le-Puy-en-Velay (1999)
J.J. Périchaud, "Les Gisements Métalliques du District à Antimoine de Brioude-Massiac (Massif Central Français)", BRGM, 1968
      • Mercoeur
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Isère
      • Allemont
[http://www.zampano.com/minmax/fundort.php3?lang=US&fp=1322&foid=1066]
    • Loire
      • Néronde
        • Sainte-Colombe-sur-Gand
BRGM (1981) - Fiche BSS 06964X4003/GT
      • Saint-Symphorien-de-Lay
        • Regny
Personally collected by Matthias Diot in 2008.
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Anzat-le-Luguet
Vialaron C. (1996), La concession pour antimoine d'Anzat-le-Luguet (Haute-Loire), Le Règne Minéral, n° spécial, pp: 5-14
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Ergué-Gabéric
R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
      • Sein Island
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 66.
    • Ille-et-Vilaine
      • Martigné-Ferchaud
Pillard F., Chauris L., Laforêt C. (1985), Inventaire minéralogique de la France, Ed. BRGM, n°13, pp: 106-111
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Villé Valley
Wittern, Journée (1997): "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), pp. 36-37.
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Fecht valley (Munster valley)
        • Stosswihr
FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35, December 1992, 120 pp.
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Charente
      • Etagnac
Une ancienne mine d'Antimoine dans le Limousin aurifère ( Georges Hyvert ) Paris Béranger 1906
    • Corrèze
      • Tulle
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Glandon
Michel Arliguie personal observations
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 143-144.
    • Tarn
      • Réalmont
        • Montredon-Labessonnié
Bernadi G. (2004), Quelques nouvelles de Peyrebrune (Tarn), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°86, pp 13-18
  • Pays de la Loire
    • Loire-Atlantique
      • Batz-sur-Mer
Baret, Ch. (1905): Catalogue de la Collection de Minéralogie de la Loire-Inférieure, Muséum de Nantes, 76.
    • Vendée
      • Le Boupère
Patrice Queneau Collection
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
Johan, Z. & Mantienne, J. (2000): Thallium-rich mineralization at Jas Roux, Hautes-Alpes, France: a complex epithermal, sediment-hosted, ore-forming system. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 63-77; Bourgoin, V., Favreau, G., Boulliard, J.-C. (2011): Jas Roux (Hautes-Alpes): un gisement exceptionnel à minéraux de thallium. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, no. 113, 2-92.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Wiesloch
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Grund
        • Wiemannsbucht
No reference listed
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Beerberg
No reference listed
        • St Andreasberg
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Arnsberg
        • Uentrop
Lapis, 14 (6), 11-32+50.
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Bender, D.; Krimmelbein, M. & W; Altena (1994): Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. in Mineralien-Welt, 4, p.10
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler
        • Ahrbrück
          • Martinsknipp
Beyer, H. (1978): Über Haldenfunde aus den Antimonitgängen von Ahrbrück (Eifel)..., Der Aufschluß, 29, 401-408
    • Westerwald
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Neuwied
          • Raubach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
        • Wolfsberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Freiberg District
        • Bräunsdorf
Klaproth, M.H. (1802): Chemische Untersuchung des faserigen Roth-Spießglanzerzes, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Dritter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 178-182
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
No reference listed
No reference listed
Iran
 
  • Kordestan Province (Kurdestan Province; Kordistan Province; Kurdistan Province)
    • Qorveh County
      • Qorveh
Rafiei, B., Bakhtiari, N.M, Hashemi, M., and Khodaei, A.S. (2010): International Journal of Environmental Research 4(4), 647-654
  • West Azarbaijan Province (West Azerbaijan Province)
    • Takab (Takan Tepe)
Asadi, H.H., Voncken, J.H.L, Kühnel, R.A., and Hale, M. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 656-671.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Como Province
      • San Bartolomeo Val Cavargna
Fioretti D. (1944) - Antimonio nativo di La Selva - atti Soc. Tosc. sci. nat. e Museo Civ. St. Nat. Milano: vol. 83, fasc. 2, pp. 124-125 and Maglia L. (1970) - Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Località La Selva, Comune di S. Batolomeo Val cavargna (Como) - Natura - Milano, vol. 61, fasc. 1, pp. 68-71
    • Lecco Province
      • Vendrogno
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai Minerali. Fratelli Fabbri, Ed., Milano, 208 pp.
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Sondalo
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
        • Valfurva
Romani, E. (1989) Cristalli fiori di roccia. Ed. Museo Mineralogico e Naturalistico di Bormio, 274 pp. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Ballao
Conti - Vecchi, G., Stara, P., (1991) :Minerali della Sardegna.Della Torre editore.Cagliari, 276 pp.
      • San Vito
Stara, P., Rizzo, R. & Brizzi, G. (1993). Sarrabus. Miniere e minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, Associazione Piemontese Miner. Paleont. e Mostra Torinese Minerali, Centro Mineralogico Varesino, Amici Mineralogisti Fiorentini, Gr. Mineral. Paleont. Piacentino, Gr. Mineral. Cremonese, Gr. Liguria, 210 pp.
Mariani & Scaini, 1978. I minerali d'Italia. Rizzoli Ed., Milano; Stara, P., Rizzo, R. & Brizzi, G. (1993). Sarrabus. Miniere e minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, Associazione Piemontese Miner. Paleont. e Mostra Torinese Minerali, Centro Mineralogico Varesino, Amici Mineralogisti Fiorentini, Gr. Mineral. Paleont. Piacentino, Gr. Mineral. Cremonese, Gr. Liguria, 210 pp.
      • Villasalto
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Mocheni Valley
        • Sant'Orsola Terme
Burtet Fabris B., Detomaso G. and Omenetto P. (1994): Sulla mineralizzazione a berthierite (Fe Sb2 S1) di Prementil presso Viarago (Trentino). Studi Trent. di Sc. Natur. Vol.51, n.1A, pagg. 30-38.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Manciano
        • San Martino sul Fiora
Meli, R. (2000): L'antica miniera antimonifera di S. Martino sul Fiora, Mancianese (Grosseto). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2000, 111-113.
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Stazzema
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (1), 1-22.
    • Pisa Province
      • Pomarance
Duchi G. (1983) - Il deposito antimonifero di Micciano(Comune di Pomarance, Pisa)- Atti Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali - Memorie, serie A, 90, pp. 141-163; Bardi, T., Biagioni, C., & Orlandi, P. (2009). Aggiornamento sui minerali della Sorgente Solfurea di Micciano (Pomarance, Pisa, Toscana). MICRO (località), 1/2009, 261-276.
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Giovanni Scapin Collection
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Shimonita
mineralhunters.hp.infoseek.co.jp/nakamaru.html
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
      • Hioki City
        • Fukiage
Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto)
      • Suzuyama District
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Oblast
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
      • Fergana Valley
        • Kadamzhay ore field
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Luxembourg
 
  • Diekirch District
    • Wiltz
      • Goesdorf commune
        • Goesdorf
Philippo, S. & Hanson, A. (2007): La minéralisation en antimoine de Goesdorf. Ferrantia 49, 111-146.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
Loranth, Cs.
  • Guerrero
    • Mun. de Huitzuco
      • Huitzuco de los Figueroa (Huitzuco)
Pancnzer(1987):94-386.
Panczner (1987): 246.
Panczner (1987): 246.
Panczner (1987): 246.
Panczner (1987): 246.
  • Oaxaca
    • Mun. de San Juan Mixtepec
      • Tejocotes
Panczner (1987): 246.
  • San Luis Potosí
    • Mun. de Guadalcázar
      • Guadalcázar
Panczner (1987): 154-271.
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Northland
      • Far North
        • Waikare
2004, Ministry of Economic Development, New Zealand Unpublished Mineral Report MR4076
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Karkonosze Mts (Karkonosze Massif)
Mochnacka, K., Banaś, M. (2000): Occurrence and genetic relationships of uranium and thorium mineralization in the Karkonosze-Izera Block (The Sudety Mts, SW Poland). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae: 70: 137-150
Portugal
 
  • Coimbra District
    • Coimbra
      • Santo António dos Olivais
Bello, A. de Oliveira, 1913, Minéraux Portugais - Bulletin de la Société Portugaise des Sciences Naturelles, Vol VI, fasc. 2, Livraria Ferin, Lisboa
  • Porto District
    • Gondomar
      • Covelo
      • Medas
      • Melres
    • Valongo
      • Alfena
Nuno Afonso collection
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Kavadarci
    • Rožden (Rozhden; Roszdan)
Boev, B., Stojanov, R., Denkovski, G. (1993): Geology of Alshar polymetallic deposit, Macedonia. Geol. Maced., 7, 35-39.
Serbia
 
  • Podrinje District
Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Ana S. Radosavljević-Mihajlović, Vladan D. Kašić (2013): Polymetallic mineralization of the Boranja orefield, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: zonality, mineral associations and genetic features. Periodico di Mineralogia, 82, 61-87.
      • Krupanj
F. Hermann (1947): Die Antimonvorkommen Mittel- und Südosteuropas, ihre lagerstättenkundliche Stellung und wirtschaftliche Bedeutung. - Verhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt Wien 4-6, p. 5-83
Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Aleksandar M. Pačevski, Hg-bearing sphalerite from the Rujevac polymetallic ore deposit, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: Compositional variations and zoning, Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry, Volume 72, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 237-244, ISSN 0009-2819, 10.1016/j.chemer.2011.12.003.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Brezno Co.
      • Jasenie
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Revúca Co.
      • Chyžné
Števko, M., Bálintová, T., Turecký, L. (2009): Kermesit und valentinit von Chyžné-Herichová bei Revúca, Slowakei. Lapis, 34, 9, 37-39.
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
Ďuďa R., 1993 : Die mineralien der Gold und Silber - lagersttäte von Kremnitz ( Kremnica) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern,Nemecko/,5, s. 20 - 32
  • Bratislava Region
    • Malacky Co.
      • Kuchyňa
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Pernek
Sejkora J., Ozdín D., Vitáloš J., Tuček P., Čejka J., Ďuďa R., 2007: Schafarzikite from the type locality Pernek (Malé Karpaty Mountains, Slovak Republic) revisited. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 3, 419-427.
    • Pezinok Co.
Adrian F. & Paul K. M., 1864: Die geologischen Verhältnisse der kleinen Karpathen und der angrenzenden Landgebiete im nordwestlichen Ungarn. Jahrbuch der kaiserlich-königlichen geologischen Reichsanstalt, 14, 325-366. Zepharovich V., 1873: Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Kaiserthum Österreich. II. Wilhem Braumüller, Wien, 436 p.
        • Kolársky hill
Daniel Ozdín personal collection.
Laco Turecky collection
Uher P., Michal S., Vitáloš J. (2000): The Pezinok antimony mine, Malé Karpaty Mountains, Slovakia. Mineral. Record 31, 153-162.
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
      • Poproč
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002: Nejzajimavejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 134p.
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Prešov Region
    • Poprad Co.
      • Štrba
        • Štrbské Pleso
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Prešov Co.
      • Červenica
Duda,R. et. all.,1981: MIneralogia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca,Monografia 2, Bratislava, 98p
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
Pauliš,P.,Ďuďa,R.,2002: Nejzajímavejší mineralogická naletište Slovenska. Kuttna,K.Hora, 136p
      • Partizánska Lupča
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Murchison Range
      • Gravelotte
Econ Geol (1997) 92:308-324
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • La Viñuela
Calvo, M. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 págs.
  • Asturias
    • Salas
      • Carlés
Calvo, M. & Viñalas, J. (2014). Mineralogy of the gold deposit in Carlés, Salas, Asturias, Spain. Mineral Up, 3 (6), 6-32
  • Castile and Leon
    • Zamora
      • Losacio
Calvo, M. (2003): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. II, Sulfuros. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava, 705 pp.
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Ripollès
        • Abella-Pardines
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Poschiavo Valley
      • Poschiavo (Puschlav)
        • Bernina Pass area
Romani E. (2000): Andar per cristalli - Tesori nascosti. Centro studi del Museo mineralogico naturalistico di Bormio, 151 p.
Romani E. (2000): Andar per cristalli - Tesori nascosti. Centro studi del Museo mineralogico naturalistico di Bormio, 151 p.
Romani E. (2000): Andar per cristalli - Tesori nascosti. Centro studi del Museo mineralogico naturalistico di Bormio, 151 p.
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Malcantone
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 238.
Schmutz, L., Bachmann, A., Eichin, R., Rüegg, H.-R. & Vogel, C. (1986): Antimon-Mineralien aus dem Malcantone - Vorkommen und Ausbildung. Schweizer Strahler, No. 6, 249-289.
Schmutz, L., Bachmann, A., Eichin, R., Rüegg, H.-R. & Vogel, C. (1986): Antimon-Mineralien aus dem Malcantone - Vorkommen und Ausbildung. Schweizer Strahler, No. 6, 249-289.
      • Curio
Köppel V. (1966): Die Vererzungen im insubrischen Kristallin des Malcantone (Tessin). Beiträge Geol. Schweiz, Geotechn. Ser. 40, 123 p.
      • Miglieglia
chmutz, L., Bachmann, A., Eichin, R., Rüegg, H.-R. & Vogel, C. (1986): Antimon-Mineralien aus dem Malcantone - Vorkommen und Ausbildung. Schweizer Strahler, No. 6, 249-289
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Kütahya Province
Econ Geol (1989)84:780-787
Aral H., 1989: Antimony Mineralization in the Northern Murat Dagi (Western Turkey). Economic Geology, 84, 780-787.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Saltash
          • Landrake
Minerals of Britain & Ireland, A G Tindle 2008
      • Wadebridge District
        • St Endellion
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • St Minver
          • Port Quin
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Coombe Height
No reference listed
      • Threlkeld District
        • St John's in the Vale
BMS Database
  • Scotland
    • Strathclyde
      • New Cumnock
        • Hare Hill
No reference listed
  • Wales
    • Conwy
      • Deganwy
National Museum of Wales mineral database; Bevins, R.E., Alderton, D.H.M. & Horak, J.M. (1988): Lead-antimony mineralization at Bwlch Mine, Deganwy, Wales. Mineralogical Magazine, 52, 391-394.
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Simferopol area
      • Lozovoye Village area
Tischenko Alexander
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Borough
      • Aniak District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Denali Borough
      • Denali NP and Preserve
        • Kantishna Hills District
USGS OFR 2004-1200(Hawley,2004)
      • Kantishna District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Nome Borough
      • Nome District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
      • Ketchikan District
        • Cleveland Peninsula
          • Caamano Point
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Iditarod District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Koyukuk District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • California
    • Kern Co.
      • Erskine Creek District
        • Lake Isabella (Isabella) [town]
R.O. Meyer collection
Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, 7th. edition, Volume I: 280; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 235.
      • San Emigdio Mts
        • Antimony Peak
    • Mono Co.
      • Benton Range
Hoffman, W.J. (1878), On the mineralogy of Nevada: US Geological & Geographical Survey of the Territories, vol. IV, art. XXXI: 732; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 235.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Cruz
Gross, E.B., Chesterman, C.W., Dunning, G.E., and Cooper, J.F. (1967) Mineralogy of the Kalkar quarry, Santa Cruz, California. California Division Mines and Geol. Special Report 92: 3-10; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 132, 138.
  • Idaho
    • Blaine Co.
      • Warm Springs District (Warm Springs Creek District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Elmore Co.
      • Swanholm District
        • Swanholm Creek
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Shoshone Co.
      • Coeur d'Alene District
        • Burke
Rocks & Min. 70:262
    • Valley Co.
      • Edwardsburg District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263; Donald Edward White (1940) Antimony deposits of a part of the Yellow Pine District, Valley County, Idaho, a preliminary report. USGS Bulletin 922-I
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
  • Montana
    • Sanders Co.
      • Prospect Creek District
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Bernice District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Bootstrap District
      • Independence Mountains District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Island Mountain District
NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada; USGS Open-File Report 76-56
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Fish Lake Valley District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Antelope District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Osgood Mts
        • Potosi District
          • Adam Peak
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Ten Mile District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Battle Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Big Creek District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Hilltop District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lewis District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lyon Co.
      • Ramsey District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Poinsettia District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Hot Creek Range
        • Tybo District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; J.V. Tingley and J. Quade (1986) A mineral inventory of the Tonopah Resource Area, Battle Mountain District, Nevada. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology OFR 86-14
      • Reveille Range
        • Reveille District
          • Reveille
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada
      • Silverton District
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada
      • Toquima Range
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada
          • Manhattan
Mineralogical Record 16:86; USGS Bull 723
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
        • Lovelock
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Antelope Springs District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Black Knob District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Buena Vista District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Humboldt Range
        • Willard District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Mount Tobin District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Muttlebury District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Table Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Tobin and Sonoma Range District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
      • McClennan District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
      • Bald Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Butte Valley District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Taylor District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Oregon
    • Baker Co.
      • Virtue District
Wagner, Norman S., 1944, Antimony in Oregon, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries Short Paper 13, page 15.
    • Jackson Co.
      • Applegate District
        • Kanaka Gulch
          • Lowry Antimony Mine
K. Starnes, personal ID, 1985
        • Kinney Creek
Wagner, Norman S., 1944, Antimony in Oregon, Oregon Dept. of Geology and Mineral Industries Short Paper No. 13, page 11.
      • Upper Applegate District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Sheeprock Mts
        • Little Valley
Norman King
    • Utah Co.
      • Wasatch Mts
        • American Fork District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Calkins, F. C.; Butler, B. S.; Heikes, V. C. (1943) Geology and ore deposits of the Cottonwood-American Fork area, Utah, with sections on history and production. USGS Professional Paper: 201
  • Washington
    • Snohomish Co.
      • Darrington
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.69
Zimbabwe
 
  • Midlands
    • Kwekwe District (Que Que District)
Rob Lavinsky
      • Kwekwe (Que Que)
Min.Rec.: 21:104; 31:29.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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