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Kettnerite

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Formula:
CaBiCO3OF
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
In honour of Radim Kettner (1891–1968), Professor of Geology, Charles University, Czech Republic.
A rare secondary Ca-Bi carbonate visually indistinguishable from bismutite and beyerite.


Classification of Kettnerite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.BE.30

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
E : With Pb, Bi
16a.3.7.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : (AB)2(XO3)Zq
12.1.26

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides

Chemical Properties of Kettnerite

Formula:
CaBiCO3OF
IMA Formula:
CaBiO(CO3)F

Crystallography of Kettnerite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.3641 Å, c = 13.5771 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.531
Unit Cell V:
0.00 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Twinning:
Twinned via [001].
Comment:
Pseudotetragonal, twinned. Subcell with a = 3.798 and c = 13.569 also known.

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.89 (10)
2.104 (7)
1.893 (8)
1.732 (9)
1.589 (9)
1.278 (6)
1.200 (8)

Type Occurrence of Kettnerite

Other Language Names for Kettnerite

Common Associates

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Mixite7 photos of Kettnerite associated with Mixite on mindat.org.
Bismutoferrite2 photos of Kettnerite associated with Bismutoferrite on mindat.org.
Baryte2 photos of Kettnerite associated with Baryte on mindat.org.
Aikinite1 photo of Kettnerite associated with Aikinite on mindat.org.
Chrysocolla1 photo of Kettnerite associated with Chrysocolla on mindat.org.
Kuksite1 photo of Kettnerite associated with Kuksite on mindat.org.
Siderite1 photo of Kettnerite associated with Siderite on mindat.org.
Vauquelinite1 photo of Kettnerite associated with Vauquelinite on mindat.org.
Quetzalcoatlite1 photo of Kettnerite associated with Quetzalcoatlite on mindat.org.
Bismuthinite1 photo of Kettnerite associated with Bismuthinite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping

5.BE.XAbellaiteNaPb2(CO3)2(OH)
5.BE.05ShannonitePb2OCO3
5.BE.10HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
5.BE.15PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
5.BE.20PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
5.BE.25Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
5.BE.35BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals Grouping

12.1.1NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
12.1.2BarentsiteNa7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4
12.1.3RouvilleiteNa3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3F
12.1.4ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2O
12.1.5DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)
12.1.6BrenkiteCa2(CO3)F2
12.1.7Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
12.1.8Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
12.1.19Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
12.1.20Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
12.1.22ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
12.1.23PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
12.1.24BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
12.1.25AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2O

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kettnerite

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1957): 42:121.
American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 385.
Grice, J. D., Cooper, M. A. & Hawthorne, F. C. (1999): Crystal-structure determination of twinned kettnerite. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 923-927.
Hybler, J. & Dušek, M. (2007): Revision of the crystal structure of kettnerite CaBi[OFCO3]. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 411-418.
Hybler, J. & Durovic, S. (2009): The OD interpretation of the crystal structure of kettnerite CaBiOFCO3. Acta Crystallogr. A65, 501-511.

Internet Links for Kettnerite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-2190.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Kettnerite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Punilla Department
      • Pampa de Olaen
Sureda, R., Lira, R., & Colombo, F. (2010). Gustavite, PbAgBi3S6-P21/c, with the bismuth and silver minerals at Los Guindos mining group, Pampa de Olaen, Córdoba, Argentina (31° 11'S/64° 33'W). Andean Geology, 33(1).
      • Tanti
Colombo, F. y Lira, R. (2006) Geología y mineralogía de algunas pegmatitas del borde oriental del distrito Punilla, Córdoba. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 61:
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Geras
        • Kottaun
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1883) Bismutit, Fluorapatit, Fluorit, Galenit, Hydroxycalcioroméit(?), Kettnerit, Oxyplumboroméit, Pyromorphit, Tetraedrit, gediegen Wismut(?) und Wittichenit aus dem neuen, kleinen Steinbruch („Andradit-Bruch“) nördlich Kottaun, Geras, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich Pp. 117-119 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
          • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 46
Lapis 2002(7/8), 46
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Krupka (Graupen)
          • Knöttel area (Knötel; Knödel; Knödlberg)
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
          • Steinknochen area (Lux vein)
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); WALENTA, K. (1993): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara (5. Folge). - Lapis 18 (1), 16-23.
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Röhrnbach
Habel, M. (2011): Neufunde aus dem östlichen Bayerischen Wald (VIII). Mineralien Welt. 22 (1),80-87
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
      • Schlema-Hartenstein District
        • Schlema
          • Niederschlema
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Sachsen/Chemnitz%2C%20Direktionsbezirk/Erzgebirgskreis/Schlema-Alberoda-Hartenstein/Schacht%20382
X-ray diffraction analysis, Thomas Witzke
      • Schneeberg District
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Christophe Boutry collection
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
            • Hilarion area
Solomos, C., Voudouris, P. & Katerinopoulos, A. (2004): Mineralogical studies of bismuth-gold-antimony mineralization at the area of Kamariza, Lavrion. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 34, Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, Greece, 387-396 (in Greek with English abstract).
Portugal
 
  • Viseu District
    • Sátão
      • Ferreira de Aves
        • Aldeia Nova
Pedro Alves collection
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Bowie area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 209, 267.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 259, 267; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
    • Graham Co.
      • Bowie area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 139.
    • La Paz Co.
      • Granite Wash Mts
        • Ellsworth District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 139, 267.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
        • Darwin District
          • Darwin
Margerum, W. (2004) The Darwin Tungsten Area Part II: Mines and Mineralogy in the Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California Vol. 74(5).
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Russ District
          • Reward
Adams, Paul (2010) The Brown Monster and Reward Mines Inyo County, California. Mineralogical Record 41:175-193.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
"The Blue Bell Claims San Bernardino County, California" Maynard, M, et al. pg. 40; Mills, S. J., Kampf, A. R., Kolitsch, U., Housley, R. M. & Raudsepp, M. (2010) The crystal chemistry and crystal structure of kuksite, Pb3Zn3Te6+P2O14, and a note on the crystal structure of yafsoanite, (Ca,Pb)3Zn(TeO6)2. American Mineralogist, 95(7), 933–938.
  • New Mexico
    • Hidalgo Co.
      • Apache No. 2 District
Min News 20:10 p 8
    • Luna Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. ed., 1996 Virginia T. McLemore, Nelia Dunbar, Matt T. Heizler, Kelly Donahue (2000): Geology and mineral deposits of the Victorio mining district, Luna County , New Mexico- Preliominary observations, New Mexico Geologic Society Guidebook, 51st field Conference, Southwest passage – A trip through the Phanerozoic, pp267-278
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Eureka
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
          • Gold Chain Mine
Mike Scott S102323 from Cureton from Joe Marty
          • Mammoth
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Tony Nikischer specimen and analysis
            • Mammoth Peak
Collected by and in the collections of Chuck Adan and Brent Thorne.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
collected by Brent Thorne
    • Utah Co.
      • Tintic District
No reference listed
  • Wisconsin
    • Dodge Co.
Buchholz, T., A. Falster, A. & W. Simmons (2007) Waylandite, bismuth and associated minerals from the Waterloo Quarry, southern Wisconsin: 34th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium Abstracts: 7-8.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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