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Light yellow, almost colourless
3 - 4
Crystal System:
After the type locality at Khanneshin, Afghanistan.
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Classification of KhanneshiteHide


A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
C : Alkali and alkali-earth carbonates

4 : Miscellaneous

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths

Physical Properties of KhanneshiteHide

Light yellow, almost colourless
3 - 4 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of KhanneshiteHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.620 - 1.623 nε = 1.609 - 1.610
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.011 - 0.013
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of KhanneshiteHide


Crystallography of KhanneshiteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.65 Å, c = 6.58 Å
a:c = 1 : 0.618
Unit Cell V:
646.33 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of KhanneshiteHide

Synonyms of KhanneshiteHide

Other Language Names for KhanneshiteHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.AC.10NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
5.AC.15BütschliiteK2Ca(CO3)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.AC.20FairchilditeK2Ca(CO3)2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.AC.25ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3Orth. mm2 : Amm2
5.AC.30Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
5.AC.30CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
5.AC.30SanromániteNa2CaPb3[CO3]5Hex. 6mm : P63mc

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mcániteNa2CaPb3[CO3]5Hex. 6mm : P63mc

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2OOrth.
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)3(CO3)5Mon. 2 : P21
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2OOrth.
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2OOrth.
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2OMon. m : Pm
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.14Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.8.17Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2Orth. mm2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.19EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2OHex. 6mm
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KhanneshiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Yeremenko, G.K. and Bel’ko, V.A. (1982) Khanneshite, (Na, Ca)3(Ba, Sr,
RE, Ca)3(CO3)5 – a new mineral of the burbankite group. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 111,
321–324 (in Russian).
American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 1249.
Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., and Belovitskaya, Y.V. (1998) Khanneshite and petersenite-(Ce) from the Khibiny massif. Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 127(2): 92-100 (in Russian w. English abstract).

Internet Links for KhanneshiteHide

Localities for KhanneshiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan (TL)
  • Helmand Province (Hilmend Province; Hilmand Province)
    • Dushan District
      • Khanneshin complex
Yeremenko, G.K., and Bel’ko, V.A. (1982): Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 111, 321–324; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
      • Khibiny Massif
PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Belovitskaya, Yu.V. [Пеков, И.В., Чуканов, Н.В., Беловицкая, Ю.В.] (1998): Khanneshite and petersenite-(Ce) from Khibiny [Ханнешит и петерсенит-(Ce) из Хибин]. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всероссийского Минералогического Общества], 127, 2, 92-100; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
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