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About KhiniteHide

Dark green to bottle green
Specific Gravity:
6.5 - 7
Crystal System:
For Basaw Khin, Phelps Dodge mineralogist
Two polytypes are known, khinite-4O (orthorhombic) and khinite-3T (trigonal). The two polytypes have different stackings of otherwise identical layers of composition [Cu3(TeO6)(OH)2]2-, with Pb2+ cations between the layers.

Classification of KhiniteHide

Approval Year:

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
D : Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; chains of edge-sharing octahedra
Dana 7th ed.:

1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq

28 : Selenites, Selenates, Tellurites, and Tellurates
4 : Tellurates

Physical Properties of KhiniteHide

Dark green to bottle green
vivid green
6.5 - 7 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.29 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of KhiniteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 2.110 nβ = 2.112 nγ = 2.165
Measured: 20° , Calculated: 24°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.055
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of KhiniteHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of KhiniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):
Trigonal Orthorhombic 
3 - Pyramidalmm2 - Pyramidal
a = 5.765(2) Å, c = 18.001(9) Å
a = 5.7491(10) Å, b = 10.0176(14) Å, c = 24.022(3) Å
a:c = 1 : 3.122a:b:c = 0.574 : 1 : 2.398
V 518 ųV 1383.6 ų

Type Occurrence of KhiniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Deeply etched curved or barrel shaped bipyramids
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
British Museum
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of KhiniteHide

Other Language Names for KhiniteHide


Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Gold17 photos of Khinite associated with Gold on mindat.org.
Timroseite14 photos of Khinite associated with Timroseite on mindat.org.
Thorneite9 photos of Khinite associated with Thorneite on mindat.org.
Chlorargyrite7 photos of Khinite associated with Chlorargyrite on mindat.org.
Wulfenite5 photos of Khinite associated with Wulfenite on mindat.org.
Cerussite5 photos of Khinite associated with Cerussite on mindat.org.
Quartz4 photos of Khinite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Hessite3 photos of Khinite associated with Hessite on mindat.org.
Dioptase2 photos of Khinite associated with Dioptase on mindat.org.
Fluorite2 photos of Khinite associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.FD.10BracewelliteCrO(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.FD.10DiasporeAlO(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.FD.10GroutiteMn3+O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.FD.15ManganiteMn3+O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.FD.20Yttrotungstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3Mon. 2 : P21
4.FD.20Unnamed (Nd-analogue of Yttrotungstite-(Ce))(Nd,Ce,La)W2O6(OH)3
4.FD.30Khinite-3TPb2+Cu2+3Te6+O6(OH)2Trig. 3 : P32

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

28.4.2CarlfriesiteCaTe4+2Te6+O8Mon. 2/m : B2/b
28.4.3YafsoaniteCa3Zn3(TeO6)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
28.4.4TlalociteCu10Zn6(Te6+O4)2(Te4+O3)(OH)25Cl · 27H2OOrth.
28.4.5OboyeriteH6(Pb,Ca)6(Te4+O3)3(Te6+O6)2 · 2H2OTric.
28.4.6SchieffelinitePb10Te6+6O20(OH)14(SO4)(H2O)5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
28.4.7GirditeH2Pb3(Te4+O3)(Te6+O6)Mon. m
28.4.9Khinite-3TPb2+Cu2+3Te6+O6(OH)2Trig. 3 : P32
28.4.10DugganitePb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
28.4.11KuksitePb3Zn3(PO4)2(TeO6)Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
28.4.13Tlapallite(Ca,Pb)3CaCu6[Te4+3Te6+O12]2(Te4+O3)2(SO4)2·3H2OTrig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
28.4.14MontaniteBi2(TeO6) · 2H2O
28.4.16CuzticiteFe3+2(TeO6) · 3H2OHex.
28.4.17YecoraiteFe3+3Bi5(Te6+O4)2(Te4+O3)O9 · 9H2O

Fluorescence of KhiniteHide

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KhiniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, S.A. (1978): Khinite, parakhinite, and dugganite, three new tellurates from Tombstone, AZ. American Mineralogist: 63: 1016-1019.
Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C. & Back, M.E. (2008): The crystal structure of khinite and polytypism in khinite and parakhinite. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 763-770.
Hawthorne, F.C., Cooper, M.A. and Back, M.E. (2009): Khinite-4O (= khinite) and khinite-3T (= parakhinite). Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 473-476.

Internet Links for KhiniteHide

Localities for KhiniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Sonora
    • Moctezuma Municipality
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
Maggie Wilson
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Huachuca Mts
        • Hartford District (Huachuca Mountains District)
          • Carr Canyon
"The Accidental Pocket" talk presented by Robert E. Walstrom at 2012 NCMA meeting.
      • Tombstone Hills
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 209; Williams, S.A. (1978), Khinite, parakhinite, and dugganite, three new tellurates from Tombstone, Arizona, Am.Min.: 63: 1016-1019.
Brent Thorne
Mike Scott S102329 from Cureton ex S. Williams.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 267; Williams, S.A. (1978), Khinite, parakhinite, and dugganite, three new tellurates from Tombstone, AZ, Am.Min.: 63: 1016-1019.
          • Silver Plume Mine (Emerald & Silver Plume Mine group)
[Khinite-3T] Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 428; Williams, S.A. (1978), Khinite, parakhinite and dugganite, three new tellurates from Tombstone, AZ, Am.Min.: 63: 1016-1019; Am.Min.: 80 (1995): 1077; Canadian Mineralogist: 33 (1995): 1016.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Baker
            • Otto Mountain
EDS and XRD confirmed.; Robert M. Housley (2005) Recent rare mineral finds in southern California and Nevada desert mines. Abstracts from the 2005 Desert Symposium. California State University, Desert Studies Consortium and LSA Associates, Inc.
Joe Marty specimens. Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Housley, R.M., Marty, J., and Thorne, B. (2010): American Mineralogist 95, 1554–1559.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Van King; Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne; Housley R., pers.comm., May 2017
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
Collected by and in the collections of Brent Thorne. EDS confirmed by Robert Housley.
  • Utah
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • East Tintic District
SEM-EDS analyzed by Dr. Rob Bowell.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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