Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About KhiniteHide

Dark green to bottle green
Specific Gravity:
6.5 - 7
Crystal System:
For Basaw Khin, Phelps Dodge mineralogist
Two polytypes are known, khinite-4O (orthorhombic) and khinite-3T (trigonal). The two polytypes have different stackings of otherwise identical layers of composition [Cu3(TeO6)(OH)2]2-, with Pb2+ cations between the layers.

Classification of KhiniteHide

Approval Year:

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
D : Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; chains of edge-sharing octahedra
Dana 7th ed.:

1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq

28 : Selenites, Selenates, Tellurites, and Tellurates
4 : Tellurates

Physical Properties of KhiniteHide

Dark green to bottle green
vivid green
6.5 - 7 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.29 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of KhiniteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 2.110 nβ = 2.112 nγ = 2.165
Measured: 20° , Calculated: 24°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.055
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of KhiniteHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of KhiniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):
Trigonal Orthorhombic 
3 - Pyramidalmm2 - Pyramidal
a = 5.765(2) Å, c = 18.001(9) Å
a = 5.7491(10) Å, b = 10.0176(14) Å, c = 24.022(3) Å
a:c = 1 : 3.122a:b:c = 0.574 : 1 : 2.398
V 518 ųV 1383.6 ų

Type Occurrence of KhiniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Deeply etched curved or barrel shaped bipyramids
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
British Museum
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of KhiniteHide

Other Language Names for KhiniteHide


Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
17 photos of Khinite associated with GoldAu
14 photos of Khinite associated with TimroseitePb2Cu5(TeO6)2(OH)2
9 photos of Khinite associated with ThorneitePb6(Te6+2O10)(CO3)Cl2(H2O)
7 photos of Khinite associated with ChlorargyriteAgCl
5 photos of Khinite associated with WulfenitePb(MoO4)
5 photos of Khinite associated with CerussitePbCO3
4 photos of Khinite associated with QuartzSiO2
3 photos of Khinite associated with HessiteAg2Te
2 photos of Khinite associated with DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
2 photos of Khinite associated with FluoriteCaF2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.FD.10BracewelliteCrO(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.FD.10DiasporeAlO(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.FD.10GroutiteMn3+O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.FD.15ManganiteMn3+O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.FD.20Yttrotungstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3Mon. 2 : P21
4.FD.20Unnamed (Nd-analogue of Yttrotungstite-(Ce))(Nd,Ce,La)W2O6(OH)3
4.FD.30Khinite-3TPb2+Cu2+3Te6+O6(OH)2Trig. 3 : P32

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

28.4.2CarlfriesiteCaTe4+2Te6+O8Mon. 2/m : B2/b
28.4.3YafsoaniteCa3Zn3(TeO6)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
28.4.4TlalociteCu10Zn6(Te6+O4)2(Te4+O3)(OH)25Cl · 27H2OOrth.
28.4.6SchieffelinitePb10Te6+6O20(OH)14(SO4)(H2O)5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
28.4.7GirditeH2Pb3(Te4+O3)(Te6+O6)Mon. m
28.4.9Khinite-3TPb2+Cu2+3Te6+O6(OH)2Trig. 3 : P32
28.4.10DugganitePb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
28.4.11KuksitePb3Zn3(PO4)2(TeO6)Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
28.4.13Tlapallite(Ca,Pb)3CaCu6[Te4+3Te6+O12]2(Te4+O3)2(SO4)2·3H2OTrig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
28.4.14MontaniteBi2(TeO6) · 2H2O
28.4.16CuzticiteFe3+2(TeO6) · 3H2OHex.
28.4.17YecoraiteFe3+3Bi5(Te6+O4)2(Te4+O3)O9 · 9H2O

Fluorescence of KhiniteHide

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KhiniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, S.A. (1978): Khinite, parakhinite, and dugganite, three new tellurates from Tombstone, AZ. American Mineralogist: 63: 1016-1019.
Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C. & Back, M.E. (2008): The crystal structure of khinite and polytypism in khinite and parakhinite. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 763-770.
Hawthorne, F.C., Cooper, M.A. and Back, M.E. (2009): Khinite-4O (= khinite) and khinite-3T (= parakhinite). Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 473-476.

Internet Links for KhiniteHide

Localities for KhiniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Sonora
    • Moctezuma Municipality
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
Maggie Wilson
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
      • Carr Canyon
"The Accidental Pocket" talk presented by Robert E. Walstrom at 2012 NCMA meeting.
Brent Thorne
Mike Scott S102329 from Cureton ex S. Williams.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 209; Williams, S.A. (1978), Khinite, parakhinite, and dugganite, three new tellurates from Tombstone, Arizona, Am.Min.: 63: 1016-1019.
        • Tombstone
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 267; Williams, S.A. (1978), Khinite, parakhinite, and dugganite, three new tellurates from Tombstone, AZ, Am.Min.: 63: 1016-1019.
          • Silver Plume Mine (Emerald & Silver Plume Mine group)
[Khinite-3T] Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 428; Williams, S.A. (1978), Khinite, parakhinite and dugganite, three new tellurates from Tombstone, AZ, Am.Min.: 63: 1016-1019; Am.Min.: 80 (1995): 1077; Canadian Mineralogist: 33 (1995): 1016.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake Mining District
        • Soda Mountains
          • Baker
Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., & Housley, R. M. (2010). The crystal structure of munakataite, Pb2Cu2 (Se4+ O3)(SO4)(OH) 4, from Otto Mountain, San Bernardino County, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 74(6), 991-998.
EDS and XRD confirmed.; Robert M. Housley (2005) Recent rare mineral finds in southern California and Nevada desert mines. Abstracts from the 2005 Desert Symposium. California State University, Desert Studies Consortium and LSA Associates, Inc.
Joe Marty specimens. Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Housley, R.M., Marty, J., and Thorne, B. (2010): American Mineralogist 95, 1554–1559.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Van King; Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne; Housley R., pers.comm., May 2017
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
Collected by and in the collections of Brent Thorne. EDS confirmed by Robert Housley.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • Drum Mts
        • Detroit Mining District (Drum Mining District; Joy Mining District)
Raudsepp, M., Coolbaugh, M.F., McCormack, J.K., Czech, E. and McMillan, R. (2019) Andymcdonaldite, IMA 2018-141. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 83: 323–328.
    • Utah Co.
SEM-EDS analyzed by Dr. Rob Bowell.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2020, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: January 19, 2020 00:43:07 Page generated: January 17, 2020 22:57:14
Go to top of page