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Kinoite

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Eusebio Francisco Kino
Formula:
Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Colour:
Transparent deep blue
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.13 - 3.19
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named for the Italian Jesuit missionary Eusebio Francisco Kino (1645-1711), pioneer of the Sonora-Arizona-California frontier.
This page provides mineralogical data about Kinoite.


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Classification of KinoiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1969
9.BH.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
H : Sorosilicates with Si3O10, Si4O11, etc. anions; cations in tetrahedral [4] and greater coordination
57.1.2.1

57 : SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
1 : Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
14.2.9

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
2 : Silicates of Cu

Physical Properties of KinoiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Transparent deep blue
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Very Good
excellent {010}, distinct {001} and {100}
Density:
3.13 - 3.19 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.193 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of KinoiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.638 nβ = 1.665 nγ = 1.676
2V:
Measured: 68° , Calculated: 64°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.038
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively weak
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
X= pale greenish blue
Y= blue
Z= deep blue

Chemical Properties of KinoiteHide

Formula:
Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
IMA Formula:
Ca2Cu2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Common Impurities:
Mg

Crystallography of KinoiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.99 Å, b = 12.88 Å, c = 5.65 Å
β = 96.18°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.543 : 1 : 0.439
Unit Cell V:
505.72 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Tabular in the plane of b and c axes. [hk0] zone is striated. Pseudoorthorhombic.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of KinoiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Veinlets and crystals embedded in apophyllite. Euhedral crystals to 1mm. From drill core.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
US National Museum 122395, Dept. Geol., University of Arizona
Geological Setting of Type Material:
skarn and fault gouge

Synonyms of KinoiteHide

Other Language Names for KinoiteHide

Dutch:Kinoiet
German:Kinoit
Italian:Kinoite
Japanese:キノ石
Russian:Киноит
Spanish:Kinoita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)56 photos of Kinoite associated with Hydroxyapophyllite-(K) on mindat.org.
Apophyllite40 photos of Kinoite associated with Apophyllite on mindat.org.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)38 photos of Kinoite associated with Fluorapophyllite-(K) on mindat.org.
Gilalite29 photos of Kinoite associated with Gilalite on mindat.org.
Ruizite11 photos of Kinoite associated with Ruizite on mindat.org.
Calcite6 photos of Kinoite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Junitoite6 photos of Kinoite associated with Junitoite on mindat.org.
Dioptase6 photos of Kinoite associated with Dioptase on mindat.org.
Silver5 photos of Kinoite associated with Silver on mindat.org.
Cuprite5 photos of Kinoite associated with Cuprite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BH.05AminoffiteCa2(Be,Al)(Si2O7)(H2O,OH)Tet.
9.BH.15AkatoreiteMn2+9Al2Si8O24(OH)8Tric.
9.BH.20FencooperiteBa6Fe3+3Si8O23(CO3)2Cl3 · H2OTrig. 3m : P3m1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.2.1DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2OTrig. 3 : R3
14.2.2ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.2.3PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.2.4GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2OMon.
14.2.5ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2OOrth.
14.2.6LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10Tric.
14.2.7ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.2.8CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
14.2.10StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2OMon.
14.2.11ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2OMon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KinoiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Anthony, J.W. & Laughton, R.B. (1970): Kinoite, A new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from Arizona. American Mineralogist: 55: 709-713.
Laughon, R. B. (1971): The crystal structure of kinoite. American Mineralogist 56, 193-200.

Internet Links for KinoiteHide

Localities for KinoiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Takahashi City
          • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
            • Fuka
Kusachi et al (2001) Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 96, 29-33.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117, 231. ; Bob Meyer (2012) Micro Mineral Collector. Friends of Mineralogy National Newsletter 42:10-13
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 264, 268; Williams, S.A. (1976), Junitoite, a new hydrated calcium zinc silicate from Christmas, AZ, Am.Min.: 61: 1255-1258.
    • Pima Co.
: Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughton (1970), Kinoite, A new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from Arizona, American Mineralogist: 55: 709-713.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 142; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughon (1970), Kinoite, a new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
          • Helvetia-Rosemont area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 185, 268; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughton (1970), Kinoite, A new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from Arizona, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117, 206; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughon (1970), Kinoite, a new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 206; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughon (1970), Kinoite, a new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
      • Sierrita Mts
        • Pima District (Olive District; Mineral Hill District; Twin Buttes District)
          • Twin Buttes
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 268, 385.
  • Michigan
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
      • Calumet Township
AmMin 62:1032
      • Centennial
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Hubbell
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Kearsarge
Wilson, M. L. (1977): Kinoite from Michigan- a new occurence. Mineralogical Record 8, 519-520
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Laurium
Rocks & Min.: 58:109.
      • Osceola
Rocks & Minerals 82:276-297
        • Osceola Mine
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Phoenix
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Ontonagon Co.
      • Mass City
Rocks & Minerals 79:2 pp124-125
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
Rocks & Minerals 81:136-140
  • Utah
    • Beaver Co.
      • Rocky Range
        • Rocky District
Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Merlino, S., Pasero, M., McDonald, A. M., Wray, W. B., & Hindman, J. R. (2012). Whelanite, Cu2Ca6 [Si6O17 (OH)](CO3)(OH) 3 (H2O) 2, an (old) new mineral from the Bawana mine, Milford, Utah. American Mineralogist, 97(11-12), 2007-2015.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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