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Klebelsbergite

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About KlebelsbergiteHide

Kuno von Klebelsberg
Formula:
Sb4O4(SO4)(OH)2
Colour:
Dark yellow; colourless to yellow in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Silky
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Specific Gravity:
4.62
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
After Kuno Klebelsberg (1875-1932), formerly the Hungarian Minister of Education.
The Sb analogue of tavagnascoite.


Classification of KlebelsbergiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.BB.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
B : With medium-sized cations
30.1.5.1

30 : ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
25.8.1

25 : Sulphates
8 : Sulphates of Sb, V, Cr and U

Physical Properties of KlebelsbergiteHide

Vitreous, Silky
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Dark yellow; colourless to yellow in transmitted light.
Streak:
White to yellow
Hardness:
3½ - 4 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN10=200 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Brittle
Density:
4.62(6) g/cm3 (Measured)    4.68(1) g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of KlebelsbergiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
Dispersion:
relatively weak
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of KlebelsbergiteHide

Formula:
Sb4O4(SO4)(OH)2
IMA Formula:
Sb3+4O4(SO4)(OH)2

Crystallography of KlebelsbergiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.279 Å, b = 14.909 Å, c = 5.7648 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.757 : 1 : 0.387
Unit Cell V:
969.40 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Occurs as tufts of tiny, acicular crystals elongated [001] and flattened {010}. Forms include: {001}, {010}, {110}, {101}, and {101}

Type Occurrence of KlebelsbergiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Smithsonian
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidation zone in stibnite deposit.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for KlebelsbergiteHide

Relationship of Klebelsbergite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
TavagnascoiteBi4O4(SO4)(OH)2Orth. mm2 : Pca21

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Stibnite69 photos of Klebelsbergite associated with Stibnite on mindat.org.
Sulphur16 photos of Klebelsbergite associated with Sulphur on mindat.org.
Peretaite13 photos of Klebelsbergite associated with Peretaite on mindat.org.
Metastibnite8 photos of Klebelsbergite associated with Metastibnite on mindat.org.
Stibiconite8 photos of Klebelsbergite associated with Stibiconite on mindat.org.
Quartz5 photos of Klebelsbergite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Kermesite4 photos of Klebelsbergite associated with Kermesite on mindat.org.
Coquandite4 photos of Klebelsbergite associated with Coquandite on mindat.org.
Valentinite2 photos of Klebelsbergite associated with Valentinite on mindat.org.
Galena2 photos of Klebelsbergite associated with Galena on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.BB.05CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2OTet.
7.BB.10HauckiteFe3+3(Mg,Mn2+)24Zn18(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
7.BB.15AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.BB.20DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/m
7.BB.25BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.BB.30VergasovaiteCu3(SO4)(MoO4,SO4)OOrth.
7.BB.40SchuetteiteHg2+3(SO4)O2Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
7.BB.45ParaotwayiteNi(OH)2-x(SO4,CO3)0.5xMon.
7.BB.50XocomecatliteCu3(TeO4)(OH)4Orth.
7.BB.55Pauflerite(V4+O)SO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BB.60GrandviewiteCu3Al9(SO4)2(OH)29Mon. 2 : P2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.8.2CoquanditeSb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)Tric. 1 : P1
25.8.3PeretaiteCa(SbO)4(SO4)2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.8.4CannoniteBi2(SO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
25.8.5Minasragrite(V4+O)(SO4) · 5H2OMon. 2/m
25.8.6Stanleyite(V4+O)(SO4) · 6H2OOrth.
25.8.7Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2OMon.
25.8.8Metauranopilite(UO2)6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2O
25.8.9Uranopilite(UO2)6(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 14H2OMon.
25.8.10NatrozippeiteNa5(UO2)8(SO4)4O5(OH)3 · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.8.11ZippeiteK3(UO2)4(SO4)2O3(OH) · 3H2OMon. 2 : B2
25.8.12JohanniteCu(UO2)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1
25.8.13MagnesiozippeiteMg(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.8.14ZinczippeiteZn(UO2)2(SO4)O2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Slowly soluble in cold concentated HCl.
May be weakly magnetic if have iron impurities.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KlebelsbergiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Zsivny (1929) Magyar Tudom. Akad. Mat. Termeszett. Ertisitö, Budapest: 46: 19, 25.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 583.
American Mineralogist (1980): 499-505, 931-935.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1980): 5: 223.
Roper, A. J., Leverett, P., Murphy, T. D., Williams, P. A., & Hibbs, D. E. (2015). Klebelsbergite, Sb4O4SO4 (OH) 2: Stability relationships, formation in Nature, and refinement of its structure. American Mineralogist, 100(2-3), 602-607.
Majzlan, J., Števko, M., Lánczos, T. (2016): Soluble secondary minerals of antimony in Pezinok and Kremnica (Slovakia) and the question of mobility or immobility of antimony in mine waters. Environmental Chemistry, 13, 927-935.

Internet Links for KlebelsbergiteHide

Localities for KlebelsbergiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Oberwart
      • Stadtschlaining
Steve Sorrell Collection
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Lavoûte-Chilhac
        • Ally
Sebastian Axt Collection
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Quimper
Pierre Le Roch photo & collection
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
Bourgoin, V., Favreau, G., Boulliard, J.-C. (2011): Jas Roux: un gisement exceptionnel à minéraux de thallium. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2011, 2-91.
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Gyöngyösoroszi
HOM Collection-Szakáll S.-2010
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Scansano
        • Pereta
Sitta, S., & Turconi, B. (1981). Le Zolfiere di Scansano (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 5(3), 71-80.
    • Pisa Province
      • Pomarance
Nannoni R., Capperi M., 1985. I minerali della "Sorgente Solfurea" di Micciano (PI). Quad. Mus. Storia Nat. Livorno, 6: 11-25.; Bardi, T., Biagioni, C., & Orlandi, P. (2009). Aggiornamento sui minerali della Sorgente Solfurea di Micciano (Pomarance, Pisa, Toscana). MICRO (località), 1/2009, 261-276.
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Mineralogical Record, 15 (1), 27-36.; Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
Japan
 
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime Prefecture
      • Saijo City
specimens seen at Kyoto show, 2010
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Oblast
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
[Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Luxembourg
 
  • Diekirch District
    • Wiltz
      • Goesdorf commune
        • Goesdorf
Simon Philippo analysis (to be published); [Filella M., Philippo S., Belzile N., Chen Y. and Quentel F. (2009) Natural attenuation processes applying to antimony: A study in the abandoned antimony mine in Goesdorf, Luxembourg - Science of the total environment (in press)]; Filella, M., Philippo, S., Belzile, N., Chen, Y., & Quentel, F. (2009). Natural attenuation processes applying to antimony: a study in the abandoned antimony mine in Goesdorf, Luxembourg. Science of the Total Environment, 407(24), 6205-6216.
Portugal
 
  • Beja District
    • Beja
      • Nossa Senhora das Neves
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data
  • Porto District
    • Gondomar
      • Medas
Romania (TL)
 
  • Maramureș Co.
V. Zsivny (1929) Magyar Tudom. Akad. Mat. Termeszett. Ertisitö, Budapest, 46, 19; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 583.
http://www.geocities.com/paris/Bistro/1020/mincon/
Marias Francisc, 2005, Metallogeny of the Baia Mare Mining District-an approach based of the Cavnic hydrothermal system-comparison with other epithermal systems in the World. Ed. Cornelius, 2005, p. 376-377.
Minerals of Carpathians,2004
Collection: Gábor Koller, Raman spectroscopy: Dávid Szabó
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
Števko M., Ozdín D., Bačík P., Bálintová T. (2009): Klebelsbergit Sb4O4(OH)2SO4 z Au-Ag ložiska Kremnica, Slovenská republika. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 17 (1), 25-28 (in Czech with English abstract); Števko, M., Turecký, L., Bálintová, T. & Sečkár, P. (2011): Silbermineralien, Klebelsbergit und andere Neufunde aus Kremnica (Kremnitz), Slowakei. Lapis 36 (7-8), 29-35; 86; Majzlan, J., Števko, M., Lánczos, T. (2016): Soluble secondary minerals of antimony in Pezinok and Kremnica (Slovakia) and the question of mobility or immobility of antimony in mine waters. Environmental Chemistry, 13, 927-935.
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
      • Taylor District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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