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Kornerupine

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About KornerupineHide

Andreas N. Kornerup
Formula:
Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Colour:
Colorless, white, blue, green, yellow-brown, black
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
7
Specific Gravity:
3.29 - 3.35
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in honor of Andreas Nikolaus Kornerup (7 February 1857, Copenhagen, Denmark - 3 September 1881, Copenhagen, Denmark) explorer, geologist, and artist who made multiple research trips to Greenland.

Classification of KornerupineHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.BJ.50

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
J : Sorosilicates with Si3O10, Si4O11, etc. anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
58.1.1.1

58 : SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
1 : Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
17.5.15

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
5 : Borosilicates

Physical Properties of KornerupineHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Colorless, white, blue, green, yellow-brown, black
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{110}
Density:
3.29 - 3.35 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.288 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of KornerupineHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.660 - 1.671 nβ = 1.673 - 1.683 nγ = 1.674 - 1.684
2V:
Measured: 3° to 48°, Calculated: 30° to 32°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.014
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v or r < v

Chemical Properties of KornerupineHide

Formula:
Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
IMA Formula:
(Mg,Fe2+,Al,◻)10(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH,F)2 (?)
Common Impurities:
Ti,Mn,Ca,Li,Na,F

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
 1
SiO230,90 %
B2O33,45 %
Al2O341,45 %
Fe2O31,72 %
FeO2,65 %
MnO0,06 %
MgO18,62 %
TiO20,07 %
Na2O0,12 %
H2O+1,08 %
Total:96 %
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Ianakafy, Ianakafy Commune, Betroka District, Anosy, Madagascarvon Knorring, O., Sahama, Th.G., and Lehtinen, M. (1969) Kornerupine-bearing gneiss from Inanakafy near Betroka, Madagascar. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland: 41: 79-84.

Crystallography of KornerupineHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.99 Å, b = 13.7 Å, c = 6.7 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.167 : 1 : 0.489
Unit Cell V:
1,467.72 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Prismatic crystals showing {110}, {100}, {010}

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.37 (60)
3.03 (80)
2.639 (100)
2.118 (60)
2.096 (30)
1.685 (30)
1.503 (40)

Type Occurrence of KornerupineHide

Synonyms of KornerupineHide

Other Language Names for KornerupineHide

Varieties of KornerupineHide

Star KornerupineA very rare variety of kornerupine exhibiting a star pattern when viewed along a specific axis.

Relationship of Kornerupine to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz2 photos of Kornerupine associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Halloysite2 photos of Kornerupine associated with Halloysite on mindat.org.
Phlogopite2 photos of Kornerupine associated with Phlogopite on mindat.org.
Muscovite1 photo of Kornerupine associated with Muscovite on mindat.org.
Scapolite1 photo of Kornerupine associated with Scapolite on mindat.org.
Cordierite1 photo of Kornerupine associated with Cordierite on mindat.org.
Biotite1 photo of Kornerupine associated with Biotite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BJ.05OrientiteCa8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O Orth.
9.BJ.10RosenhahniteHCa3[Si3O9(OH)]Tric.
9.BJ.15TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2Orth. mm2 : Ama2
9.BJ.20Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10FMon.
9.BJ.25TiragalloiteMn2+4As5+Si3O12(OH)Mon. 2/m
9.BJ.30MedaiteMn2+6V5+Si5O18(OH)Mon.
9.BJ.35RuiziteCa2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2OMon. 2
9.BJ.40Ardennite-(As)Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.BJ.40Ardennite-(V)Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(VO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
9.BJ.45KilchoaniteCa6(SiO4)(Si3O10)Orth.
9.BJ.50Prismatine(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)5Al4Si2(Si,Al)2(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)22Orth.
9.BJ.55ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18ClIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
9.BJ.60HubeiteCa2Mn2+Fe3+[HSi4O13] · 2H2OTric.
9.BJ.65Cassagnaite(Ca,Mn2+)4(Fe3+,Mn3+,Al)4(V3+,Mg,Al)2(Si3O10)(SiO4)2(OH,O)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.5.1ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8Orth.
17.5.2ReedmergneriteNaBSi3O8Tric.
17.5.3SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)Mon. 2 : P21
17.5.4OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)Trig.
17.5.5ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.6KalborsiteK6Al4BSi6O20(OH)4ClTet.
17.5.7BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
17.5.8PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
17.5.9LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.10DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.11DanburiteCaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.12HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.13BakeriteCa4(H5B5Si3O20)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.14OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2OOrth.
17.5.16HarkeriteCa12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
17.5.17SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.18Stillwellite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO5
17.5.19Tadzhikite-(Ce)Ca4Ce3+2Ti◻(B4Si4O22)(OH)2Mon.
17.5.20Melanocerite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,0)Hex.
17.5.21Okanoganite-(Y)(Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
17.5.22Tritomite-(Ce)Ce5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,O)
17.5.23Tritomite-(Y)Y5(SiO4,BO4)3(O,OH,F)
17.5.24Cappelenite-(Y)Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2Trig. 3 : P3
17.5.25Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.26Holtite(Ta0.60.4)Al6BSi3O18(O,OH)2.25Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
17.5.27DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.28 FerridraviteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
17.5.29Axinite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2BSi4O15OHTric.
17.5.30Uvite SeriesCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.31GarrelsiteBa3NaSi2B7O16(OH)4Mon.
17.5.32TienshaniteKNa3Na6Ca2Ba6Mn6(Ti4+,Nb)6B12Si36O114(O,OH,F)11Hex. 6/m : P6/m
17.5.33LeucospheniteBaNa4Ti2B2Si10O30Mon.
17.5.34TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
17.5.35TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth.
17.5.36NagashimaliteBa4(V,Ti)4B2Si8O27(O,OH)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
17.5.37Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
17.5.38WawayandaiteCa6Mn2BBe9Si6O23(OH,Cl)15Mon.
17.5.39Werdingite(Mg,Fe)2Al14Si4B4O37Tric.
17.5.40Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.41AxiniteTric.
17.5.42TinzeniteCa2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2Tric.
17.5.44SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.45Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
17.5.46FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.47Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OHTric. 1 : P1
17.5.48HomiliteCa2(Fe2+,Mg)B2Si2O10Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.49Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.50Hyalotekite(Pb,Ba,K)4(Ca,Y)2(B,Be)2(Si,B)2Si8O28(F,Cl)Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.51Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KornerupineHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Lorenzen, J. (1884) Meddelelser om Grønland, 7, 19.
Lorenzen, J. (1886) Untersuchungen grönländischer Mineralien. Zeitschrift für Krystallographie und Mineralogie: 11: 315-318.
Lorenzen, J. (1893) Undersøgelse af Mineralier fra Grønland. Meddelelser om Grønland: 7: 1-31.
Lacroix, A. and De Gramont, A. (1921) Sur la recherche spectrale du bore et sur sa presence dans guelques silico-aluminates naturels. Bulletin de la Société française de minéralogie: 24: 66-77.
Lacroix, A. (1922) Minéralogie de Madagascar, vol. 1, 396.
Gossner, B. and Mussgnug, F. (1928) Neues Jahrb. Min., ABt. A, Beil-Bd: 58: 227.
De Villiers, J.E. (1940) Iron-rich kornerupine from Port Shepstone, Natal. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 25, n° 169, 550-556.
Hey, M.H., Anderson, B.W., and Payne, C.J. (1941) Some new data concerning kornerupine and its chemistry. Mineralogical Magazine: 26: 119-130.
Girault, J.P. (1952) Kornerupine from Lac Ste-Marie, Quebec, Canada. American Mineralogist: 37: 531-541.
Murthy, M.V.N. (1954) Kornerupine from Rannu, Uttar Pradesh, India. Nature: 174: 1065.
McKie, D. (1965) The magnesium aluminium borosilicates: kornerupine and grandidierite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 34, n°268, 346-357.
Balasubrahmanyan, M.N. (1965) Note on Kornerupine from Ellammankovilpatti, Madras, India, Mineralogical Magazine: 35: 662-664.
Bartl, H. (1965) Zur Kornerupinstruktur. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 151.
Moore, P.B. and Bennett, J.M. (1968) Kornerupine: its crystal structure. Science, vol. 159, p. 524.
Knorring, V.O, Sahama, T.G, and Lehtinen, M. (1969) Kornerupine-bearing gneiss from Inanakafy near Betroka, Madagascar. Bulletin Geological Society Finland: 41: 79-84.
Petersen, O.V. and Johnsen, O. (1980) Giant crystals of Kornerupine. Mineralogical Record: 11: 93-96.
Grew, E.S. (1983) A grandidierite-sapphirine association from India. Mineralogical Magazine: 47: 401-403.
Warren, R.G. and McColl, D.H. (1983) Occurrences of boron-bearing kornerupine in the western Harts Range and near Mount Baldwin, Arunta Block, Central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics: 8: 93-96.
Nixon, P.H., Grew, E.S., and Condliffe, E. (1984) Kornerupine in a sapphirine-spinel granulite from Labwor Hills, Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine: 48: 550-552.
Grew, E., Herd, R., and Marquez, N. (1987) Boron-bearing kornerupine from Fiskenaesset, West Greenland: a re-examination of specimens from the type locality. Mineralogical Magazine: 51: 695-708.
Moore, P.B., Sen Gupta, P.K., and Schlemper, E.O. (1989) Kornerupine: Chemical crystallography, comparative crystallography, and its cation relation to olivine and to Ni2In intermetallic. American Mineralogist: 74: 642-655.
Grew, E.S., Chernosky, J.V., Werding, G., Abraham, K., Marquez, N., and Hinthorne, J.R. (1990) Chemistry of kornerupine and associated minerals, a wet chemical, ion microprobe, and X-ray study emphasizing Li, Be, B, and F contents. Journal of Petrology: 31: 1025-1070.
Ackermand, D., Windley, B.F., and Razafiniparany, A.H. (1991) Kornerupine breakdown reactions in paragneisses from southern Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine: 55: 71-80.
Carson, C.J., Hand, M., and Dirks, P.H.G.M. (1995) Stable coexistence of grandidierite and kornerupine during medium pressure granulite facies metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine: 59: 327-339.
Friend, C.R.L. (1995) Occurrences of Boron-free and Boron-poor Kornerupine. Mineralogical Magazine: 59: 163-166.
Grew, E.S., Cooper, M.A., and Hawthorne, F.C. (1996) Prismatine: Revalidation for boron-rich compositions in the kornerupine group. Mineralogical Magazine: 60: 483-491.
Grew, E.S. and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) Boron: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002), Reviews in Mineralogy. 33, Mineralogical Society of America.
Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998) Kornerupine parageneses in whiteschists and other magnesian rocks: is kornerupine + talc a high-pressure assemblage equivalent to tourmaline + orthoamphibole? Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 131: 22-38.
Grew, E.S., Redhammer, G.J., Amthauer, G., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., and Schmetzer, K. (1999) Iron in kornerupine: A 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopic study and comparison with single-crystal structure refinement. American Mineralogist: 84: 536-549.
Wopenka, B., Freeman, J.J., and Grew, E. (1999) Raman spectroscopic identification of B-free and B-rich kornerupine (prismatine). American Mineralogist: 84: 550-554.
Ottolini, L. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2001) SIMS ionization of hydrogen in silicates: a case study of kornerupine. Journal of Anal. At. Spectroscopy: 16: 1266-1270.
Sharma, I.N. and Prakash, D. (2006) Occurrence of Kornerupine-bearing granulite from Karimnagar, Andhra Pradesh. Current Science: 91: 678-683.
Cooper, M. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2009) The Crystal Chemistry of the Kornerupine-Prismatine Series. 1. Crystal Structure and Site Populations. Canadian Mineralogist: 47: 233-262.
Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Grew, E.S., Kyser, T.K., and Rossman, G.R. (2009) The crystal chemistry of the kornerupite-prismatine series. II. The role of hydrogen. Canadian Mineralogist: 47: 263-274.
Hawthorne, F.C., Cooper, M.A., and Grew, E.S. (2009) The crystal chemistry of the kornerupite-prismatine series. III. Chemical relations. Canadian Mineralogist: 47: 275-296.
Cooper, M.A. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2009) The crystal chemistry of the kornerupine-prismatine series. IV. Complete chemical formulae from electron-microprobe data and X-ray powder diffraction. Canadian Mineralogist: 47: 297-302.
Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., and Grew, E.S. (2009) The crystal chemistry of the kornerupite-prismatine series. V. The site of beryllium in kornerupine. Canadian Mineralogist: 47: 303-314.

Internet Links for KornerupineHide

Localities for KornerupineHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Enderby Land
      • Edward VIII Bay
Journal of Petrology, 2004, 45 (7), pp. 1481-1512.
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
        • Prydz Bay
Cooper, Mark and Hawthorne, Frank C., 2009, The Crystal Chemistry of the Kornerupine-Prismatine Series. 1. Crystal Structure and Site Populations, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 47, p. 233-262.; C. J. Carson, M. Hand and P. H. G. M. Dirks (1995) Stable coexistence of grandidierite and kornerupine during medium pressure granulite facies metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 59:327-339
C. J. Carson, M. Hand and P. H. G. M. Dirks (1995) Stable coexistence of grandidierite and kornerupine during medium pressure granulite facies metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 59:327-339
C. J. Carson, M. Hand and P. H. G. M. Dirks (1995) Stable coexistence of grandidierite and kornerupine during medium pressure granulite facies metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 59:327-339
    • Queen Maud Land
      • Lützow-Holm Bay
Tetsuo Kawakami, et al (2005) Annual Meeting of the JAMP, 2005.; Kawakami, T., Grew, E. S., Motoyoshi, Y., Shearer, C. K., Ikeda, T., Burger, P. V., & Kusachi, I. (2008). Kornerupine sensu stricto associated with mafic and ultramafic rocks in the Lützow-Holm Complex at Akarui Point, East Antarctica: what is the source of boron?. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 308(1), 351-375.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Alcoota Station
Warren, R.G. & McColl, D.H. (1983) Occurrences of boron-bearing kornerupine in the western Harts Range and near Mount Baldwin, Arunta Block, Central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics, 8 pp. 93-96.
      • Harts Range (Harts Ranges; Hartz Range; Hartz Ranges)
R.G.Warren & D.H.McColl 1983. Occurrences of boron-bearing kornerupine in the western Harts Range and near Mount Baldwin, Arunta Block, Central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology & Geophysics, 8 pp93-96 1983.
Dobos, S.K. , 1978 -Phase relationships, element distribution, and geochemistry of metamorphic rocks from the northeast Arunta Block. Ph.D. Thesis Macquarie University, Sydney.
Warren, R.G. & McColl, D.H. (1983) Occurrences of boron-bearing kornerupine in the western Harts Range and near Mount Baldwin, Arunta Block, Central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics, 8 pp. 93-96.
      • Jinka Station
        • Elua Range (Elyuah Range)
Warren, R.G. & McColl, D.H. (1983) Occurrences of boron-bearing kornerupine in the western Harts Range and near Mount Baldwin, Arunta Block, Central Australia. BMR Journal of Australian Geology and Geophysics, 8 pp. 93-96.
Cooper, Mark and Hawthorne, Frank C., 2009, The Crystal Chemistry of the Kornerupine-Prismatine Series. 1. Crystal Structure and Site Populations, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 47, p. 233-262.
Neues Jahrb Mineral Monatsh1:15-35. (1976)
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Leeds and Grenville Co.
Lonker, S. (1980) Canadian Journal of Earth Science: 17: 1666-1684.; Grew, E.S. (1983) A grandidierite-sapphirine association from India. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 344, 401-403.
  • Québec
    • Outaouais
      • La Vallée-de-la-Gatineau RCM
        • Lac-Sainte-Marie (Lac Ste Marie)
Sabina, A.P. (1987) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec, Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41, 41-42 p.; J. Ackermand, et al (2005) Mineralogy and Petrology, 66, #4, 259-270; Alfred Stevenson collection.
China
 
  • Heilongjiang
Jisheng Jiang,Yaxian Guan, Gongqing Wang, and Guochuan Fan (1992): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 12(2), 165-171
Colombia
 
  • Cauca Department
    • Mun. de Mercaderes
Sutherland, F.L., Duroc-Danner, J.M., and Meffre, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 155-168.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Nuuk (Godthåb)
Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
          • Bjørnesund
Petersen, O.V & Johnsen, O. (1980): Giant crystals of Kornerupine. Mineralogical Record 11,93-96
Grew, E., Herd, R., Marquez, N. (1987): Boron-bearing Kornerupine from Fiskenaesset, West Greenland: a re-examination of specimens from the type locality, Mineralogical Magazine,51, 695-708
Friend C.R.L. (1995): Occurrences of Boron-free and Boron-poor Kornerupine, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 59, 163-166
Finland
 
  • Lapland
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp.
Haapala, Ilmari; Siivola, Jaakko; Ojanperä, Pentti & Yletyinen, Veijo 1971. Red corundum, sapphirine and kornerupine from Kittilä, Finnish Lapland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 43 (2), 221-231.
  • Northern Savonia
Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Krishna District
Leelanandam, C, 1997, The Kondapalli Layered Complex, Andhra Pradesh, India : A Synoptic Overview, Gondwana Research, v. 1, Pages 95–114
    • Visakhapatnam District
      • Eastern Ghats Belt
Grew, E.S. (1983) A grandidierite-sapphirine association from India. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 344, 401-403.
  • Assam
Lal, R. K., Ackermand, D., Seifert, F. and Haldar, S. K., Chemographic relationships in sapphirine-bearing rocks from Sonapahar, Assam, India. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 1978, 67, 169–187.
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Madurai District
. Sajeev, K., Osanai, Y. and Santosh, M., Ultrahigh-temperature metamorphism followed by two-stage decompression of garnet– orthopyroxene–sillimanite granulites from Ganguvarpatti, Madurai block, southern India. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 2004, 148, 29–46.
    • Tiruchirapalli District
      • Ellammankovilpatti
Balasubrahmanyan, M.N. (1965) Note on kornerupine from Ellamkovilpatti. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 35, p. 662.
  • Telangana
    • Karimnagar District
      • Malial
Sharma, I. N. and Prakash, D., 2006, Occurrence of Kornerupine-bearing granulite from Karimnagar, Andhra Pradesh, Current Science, v. 91, p. 678-683.
  • Uttar Pradesh
Murthy, 1954.
Kenya
 
  • Kwale County
Lapis 8(4), 25 (1983)
  • Taita-Taveta County
Collection of NHM, Vienna
Madagascar
 
  • Androy
    • Ambovombe-Androy District
      • Imanombo Commune
Ackermand, D., Windley, B. F. & Razafiniparany, A. .H. (1991): Kornerupine breakdown reactions in paragneisses from southern Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine 55: 71-80
  • Anosy
California Institute of Technology photo
      • Ianabinda Commune
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 46
      • Ianakafy Commune
von Knorring, O., Sahama, Th.G., and Lehtinen, M. (1969) Kornerupine-bearing gneiss from Inanakafy near Betroka, Madagascar. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland: 41: 79-84.
      • Mahasoa Est Commune
Lacroix , A. (1939): Observation sur quelques minéraux de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société française de minéralogie. 62: 300-309; De Villiers, J.E. (1940) Iron-rich kornerupine from Port Shepstone, Natal. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 25, n° 169, 550-556 (contains an analysis of kornerupine from Itrongay).; Behier, J. (1963) Carte minéralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871; American Mineralogist 9:22.
Lacroix , A. (1939): Observation sur quelques minéraux de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société française de minéralogie. 62: 300-309
  • Atsimo-Andrefana
Behier, J. (1964): Travaux mineralogiques. in Besaire, H.: Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1965. Tananarive. p 243
  • Ihorombe
    • Iakora District
Fritsch, E., Rondeau,B., Peclet, T., Lefebvre, P. & Lulzac, Y. (2016) Red Cordierite from Madagascar. Gems & Gemology, 52 (1): p.?
Knut Edvard Larsen collection ( # M-484, MM-2140)
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Chaung-gyi
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Mogok Valley
No reference listed
        • Pein-Pyit (Painpyit; Pyan Pyit)
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Arendal
      • Tromøy
Nijland, T.G., Zwaan, J.C & Touret, L. (1998): Topograpical mineralogy of the Bamble sector, south Norway. Scripta Geologica 118, 46 pp
Hulzebos-Sijen N.M.P.E., Visser, D., Maarschalkerweerd, M.H. & Maijer, C., (1990). Two new kornerupine localities in the Bamble Sector, south Norway. Abstract 19th Nordic Geological Winter Meeting, Geonytt, 17, 58
    • Froland
Nijland, T.G., Zwaan, J.C & Touret, L. (1998): Topograpical mineralogy of the Bamble sector, south Norway. Scripta Geologica 118, 46 pp
    • Risør
      • Søndeled
Hulzebos-Sijen N.M.P.E., Visser, D., Maarschalkerweerd, M.H. & Maijer, C. (1990): Two new kornerupine localities in the Bamble Sector, south Norway. Abstract 19th Nordic Geological Winter Meeting, Geonytt, 17, 58
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Snarum
NHM, Oslo collection + Knut Eldjarn photo & specimen
  • Telemark
    • Bamble (Bamle)
      • Bjordam
Dirk van der Wel (1973): Kornerupine: A mineral new to Norway. Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway, No.53. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 53, 349-357
    • Kragerø
Jan Kihle photos & identification.
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Kovdor Massif
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
Cooper, Mark and Hawthorne, Frank C., 2009, The Crystal Chemistry of the Kornerupine-Prismatine Series. 1. Crystal Structure and Site Populations, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 47, p. 233-262.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Dobšiná mining district (Dobschau; Topschau)
Háber,M., Hovorka,D., 1981: Ore mineralisation on the contact of an alpine type ultramafic body (Dankova, SGR Mnts). Geol.Zbor. – Geol.Carpath., 91 – 113
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal
    • Ugu District
Minerals of South Africa; De Villiers, J.E. (1940) Iron-rich kornerupine from Port Shepstone, Natal. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 25, n° 169, 550-556.; von Knorring, O., Sahama, Th.G., and Lehtinen, M. (1969) Kornerupine-bearing gneiss from Inanakafy near Betroka, Madagascar. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland: 41: 79-84 (referring to De Villiers, 1940).
  • Limpopo
    • Vhembe District
      • Soutpansberg (Zoutpansberg)
Minerals of South Africa
  • Northern Cape
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
Contrib Mineral Petrol (1985) 91 : 369 382
      • Gordonia District
Minerals of South Africa; Moore, J. M., Waters, D. J., & Niven, M. L. (1990). Werdingite, a new borosilicate mineral from the granulite facies of the western Namaqualand metamorphic complex, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 75(3-4), 415-420.
Contrib Mineral Petrol (1985) 91 : 369 382
      • Okiep Copper District
Hokada, T., Motoyoshi, Y., Hiroi, Y., Shimura, T., Yuhara, M., Shiraishi, K., ... & Knoper, M. W. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of high-grade pelitic gneisses and related rocks from Namaqualand, South Africa. Memoirs of National Institute of Polar Research. Special issue, 55, 105-126.
Sri Lanka
 
  • Central Province
Cooper, Mark and Hawthorne, Frank C., 2009, The Crystal Chemistry of the Kornerupine-Prismatine Series. 1. Crystal Structure and Site Populations, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 47, p. 233-262.; Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
Dissanayake, C. B., Chandrajith, R. O. H. A. N. A., & Tobschall, H. J. (2000). The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. BULLETIN-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF FINLAND, 72(1/2), 5-20.
  • Southern Province
    • Matara District
      • Matara
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
    • Pamir Mts
      • Pyandzh River Valley
Levitskii V.I. e.a. (1990) Peculiarities of mineralogy and petrology of metasomatites with cordierite and kornerupine, - Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal, 12(5), p.58-68 (in Russian); Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
Tanzania
 
  • Dodoma Region
    • Kongwa District
      • Kongwa
McKie, D. (1965) The magnesium aluminium borosilicates: kornerupine and grandidierite. Mineralogical Magazine 34: 346-357.; von Knorring, O., Sahama, Th.G., and Lehtinen, M. (1969) Kornerupine-bearing gneiss from Inanakafy near Betroka, Madagascar. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland: 41: 79-84 (referring to McKie, 1965).; Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998) Kornerupine parageneses in whiteschists and other magnesian rocks: is kornerupine + talc a high-pressure assemblage equivalent to tourmaline + orthoamphibole? Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
Uganda
 
  • Northern Region
    • Kotido District (Karamoja District)
http://www.min.uni-kiel.de/petrographie/schenk/ugandaweb/index1.html?/petrographie/schenk/ugandaweb/labwor.html
USA
 
  • New Jersey
    • Morris Co.
      • Jefferson Township
Young, Davis, 1995,Kornerupine-group Minerals in Grenville-Facies Paragneiss, Reading Prong, New Jersey, The Canadian Mineralogist, v. 33, p. 1255-1262.
    • Passaic Co.
Volkert, Richard A., 2009, Kornerupine: A Rare and Unusual Mineral in the New Jersey Highlands, The Picking Table, v. 50 (1): 20-21.
  • New York
    • Lewis Co.
NY State Museum spec. no. 18734
    • Warren Co.
NY State Museum spec. no. 15770
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Zambia
 
  • Lusaka Province
Grew, E.S., Pertsev, N.N., Vrána, S., Yates, M.G., Shearer, C.K., and Wiedenbeck, M. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 22-38.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland West
    • Karoi District (Urungwe; Hurungwe District)
Grew, E. S., Yates, M. G., Shearer, C. K., & Wiedenbeck, M. (1997). Werdingite from the Urungwe district, Zimbabwe. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(5), 713-718.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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