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Kotulskite

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Vladimir K. Kotul’skii
Formula:
Pd(Te,Bi)
Member of the triple system PdTe-PdBi-PdSb with a continuous isomorphic series along Te-Bi and Bi-Sb sides of triangle. Isomorphism along Te-Sb side is complicated in absence of Bi especially for high-Te compositions.
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Member of:
Name:
Named in honor of Vladimir Klement’evich Kotul’skii (Владимир Климентьевич Котульский) (9 July 1879, Bialystok, Polan – 24 February 1951, Krasnoyarsk, USSR), geologist at the Mining Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia. He was an expert on copper–nickel deposits.
Member of isomorphic series Kotulskite-Sobolevskite and Kotulskite-Sudburyite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of KotulskiteHide

Approved
First Published:
1963
2.CC.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
C : With Ni, Fe, Co, PGE, etc.
3.12.21

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals

Physical Properties of KotulskiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Hardness:
4 - 4½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
None Observed

Chemical Properties of KotulskiteHide

Formula:
Pd(Te,Bi)

Member of the triple system PdTe-PdBi-PdSb with a continuous isomorphic series along Te-Bi and Bi-Sb sides of triangle. Isomorphism along Te-Sb side is complicated in absence of Bi especially for high-Te compositions.
IMA Formula:
Pd(Te,Bi)2-x (x~0.4)
Idealised Formula:
PdTe
Common Impurities:
Pt

Crystallography of KotulskiteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.15 Å, c = 5.67 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.366
Unit Cell V:
84.57 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of KotulskiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geology Museum, Kola Branch, Academy of Sciences, Apatity, Russia, 5966.
Reference:
Genkin, A.D., Zhuravlev, N.N., Smirnova, E.M. (1963) Moncheite and kotulskite - new minerals - and the composition of michenerite. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 92(1): 33-50.

Synonyms of KotulskiteHide

Other Language Names for KotulskiteHide

Varieties of KotulskiteHide

Relationship of Kotulskite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Achávalite(Fe,Cu)SeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
FrebolditeCoSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
Langisite(Co,Ni)AsHex. 6 : P63
NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)Hex.
Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)SbHex.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Chalcopyrite3 photos of Kotulskite associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.
Keithconnite1 photo of Kotulskite associated with Keithconnite on mindat.org.
Epidote1 photo of Kotulskite associated with Epidote on mindat.org.
Galena1 photo of Kotulskite associated with Galena on mindat.org.
Hisingerite1 photo of Kotulskite associated with Hisingerite on mindat.org.
Kojonenite1 photo of Kotulskite associated with Kojonenite on mindat.org.
Cubanite1 photo of Kotulskite associated with Cubanite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CC.UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
2.CC.05Achávalite(Fe,Cu)SeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05FrebolditeCoSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05Langisite(Co,Ni)AsHex. 6 : P63
2.CC.05NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
2.CC.05Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)Hex.
2.CC.05StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)Hex.
2.CC.05Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)SbHex.
2.CC.05JaipuriteCoSHex.
2.CC.05ZlatogoriteNiCuSb2Trig.
2.CC.10PyrrhotiteFe7S8Mon.
2.CC.10Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.CC.10TroiliteFeSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.15CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CC.15Modderite(Co,Fe)AsOrth.
2.CC.15Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)AsOrth.
2.CC.15Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
2.CC.20MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
2.CC.20Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
2.CC.20UM1990-38-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ni,Fe,Rh,Cu,Ir,Pt)S
2.CC.25Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
2.CC.30Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)Hex.
2.CC.30VavříniteNi2SbTe2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.35aBraggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)STet.
2.CC.35bCooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc
2.CC.35aVysotskite(Pd,Ni)STet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.12.1Seinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2Orth.
3.12.2LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)AsOrth.
3.12.4Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2Orth.
3.12.5Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsSMon.
3.12.6Xingzhongite(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4Iso.
3.12.7RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2Trig.
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.9KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
3.12.10Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.12.12Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
3.12.13Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.14Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15
3.12.16Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5Orth.
3.12.17TelluropalladinitePd9Te4Mon.
3.12.18TemagamitePd3HgTe3Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.19SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4Orth.
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTe
3.12.22Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)Iso.
3.12.23Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2AsMon. 2/m : P2/m
3.12.25StillwateritePd8As3Trig.
3.12.26AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25Hex. 6 m2 : P62m
3.12.27MajakitePdNiAsHex.
3.12.28PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2Hex.
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3Tric. 1 : P1
3.12.30VincentitePd3AsTet.
3.12.31PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)Orth.
3.12.32StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2Hex.
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)Hex.
3.12.34Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)SbHex.
3.12.35TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.
3.12.36BorovskitePd3SbTe4Iso.
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.38Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4Hex.
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5Trig.
3.12.40SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)Hex.
3.12.41Frooditeα-PdBi2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
3.12.43UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2Tet.
3.12.44CooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc
3.12.45Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
3.12.47MalaniteCu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4Iso.
3.12.48Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2Trig.
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTe
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.51PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.53DaomaniteCuPtAsS2Orth.
3.12.54Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3Tet. 4 2 2
3.12.55StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)Hex.
3.12.56InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.58Omeiite(Os,Ru)As2Orth.
3.12.59Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsSMon.
3.12.60Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3Orth.
3.12.61InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
3.12.62Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.63Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2Mon.
3.12.64Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
3.12.65TolovkiteIrSbSIso.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Etched by HNO3, and Fecl3 after 5 minutes. No effect from
KOH, HgCl2, KCN, HCl.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KotulskiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Genkin, A.D., Zhuravlev, N.N., Smirnova, E.M. (1963) Moncheite and kotulskite - new minerals - and the composition of michenerite. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 92(1): 33-50.
Fleischer, M. (1963) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 48: 1178-1184.
Kingston, G.A. (1966) The occurrence of platinoid bismuthotellurides in the Merensky Reef at Rustenburg platinum mine in the western Bushveld. Mineralogical Magazine: 35: 815–834.
Fleischer, M. (1967) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 52: 925-929.
International Mineralogical Association (1967) Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 131-136.
Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 104: 568-579.
Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, J.H.G. (1976) The mineralogy of the platinum-group elements from some copper-nickel deposits of the Sudbury area, Ontario. Economic Geology: 71(7): 1159-1195.
International Mineralogical Association (1980) International Mineralogical Association: Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 1053-1055.
Patterson, G.C., D.H. Watkinson (1984) Metamorphism and supergene alteration of Cu–Ni sulfides, Thierry mine, northwestern Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 22: 13–21.
Stone, W.E., Fleet, M.E., Crocket, J.H., Kingston, D.M. (1992) Platinum-group minerals in pyroxenite from the Boston Creek flow basaltic komatiite, Abitibi greenstone belt, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 30: 109-119.
Criddle, A.J., C.J. Stanley, Eds. (1993) Quantitative data file for ore minerals, 3rd ed. Chapman & Hall, London: 297.
Vymazalová, A., Zaccarini, F., Bakker, R.J. (2014) Raman spectroscopy characterisation of synthetic platinum-group minerals (PGM) in the Pd-Sn-Te and Pd-Pb-Te ternary systems. European Journal of Mineralogy: 26: 711-716.

Internet Links for KotulskiteHide

Localities for KotulskiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Felben
          • Haidbachgraben
S.Schwabl (2016)
Botswana
 
  • North-East District
    • Francistown District
Maier, W.D., Barnes, S.-J., Chinyepi, G., Barton, Jr., J.M., Eglington, B., and Setshedi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 37-60.
  • North-West District
    • Toteng
Piestrzynski, A., Wendorff, M., Letsholo, M. and Mackay, W. (2015). Platinum-group minerals in the Neoproterozoic stratabound copper-silver mineralisation, the Kalahari Copperbelt, Nortwestern Botswana. South African Journal of Geology, 118(3), 275-284.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Fortaleza de Minas
Brenner et al (1990) Econ Geol 85:904-920
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Curionópolis
Teixeira, A. S. (2014). Geologia, petrologia e geocronologia do complexo acamadado lago grande: evidência para uma suíte magmática mineralizada a egp na província mineral de Carajás, Brasil.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Liard Mining Division
Nixon, G. T., & Smyth, W. R. (1998). Ni–Cu sulfide mineralization in the Turnagain Alaskan-type complex: a unique magmatic environment. Geological Survey of British Columbia, Paper, 1.
    • Similkameen Mining Division
Nixon, G.T., Cabri, L.J., and Laflamme, J.H.G. (1990) Platinum-group-element mineralizaton in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist: 28, 503-535.
Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
  • Manitoba
    • Thompson Nickel Belt
      • Moab-Setting Lakes area
Y. Chen, M. E. Fleet and Y. Pan (1993) Platinum-group minerals and gold in Arsenic-rich ore at the Thompson mine, Thompson Nickel Belt, Manitoba, Canada. Mineralogy and Petrology 49:127-146; Chen, Yuan, "Precious-metal Mineralization And Sulfide-silicate Relationships In Some Canadian Nickel-copper Sulfide Deposits: Thompson Mine, Manitoba; Sudbury, Ontario; Dundonald Beach, Ontario" (1993). Digitized Theses. Paper 2231.
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Cardwell Parish
Canadian Mineralogist 45, 775; Grammatikopoulos, T.A., Hiebert, R.S., Barr, S.M. and Valeyev, O., (2006) Cu-Ni-PGM Mineralization In The Mechanic Settlement Pluton, Southern New Brunswick, Canada. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 31
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Kapkichi Lake Area
Can Mineral 1984 22: 13-21
      • Ring of Fire
        • BMA527861 Area
Musa Karkus (2010)
    • Sudbury District
      • Blezard Township
; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Creighton-Davies Township
Ford, F.D., Wecholaz, C.R. & Lee, A. (2011) Predicting process outcomes for Sudbury platinum-group minerals using grade-recovery modeling from mineral liberation analyzer (MLA) data. Canadian Mineralogist 49, 1627-1642.
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ford, F.D., Wecholaz, C.R. & Lee, A. (2011) Predicting process outcomes for Sudbury platinum-group minerals using grade-recovery modeling from mineral liberation analyzer (MLA) data. Canadian Mineralogist 49, 1627-1642.
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Hoffman, E.L., Naldrett, A.J., Alcock, R.A., and Hancock, R.G.V. (1979) The noble metal content of ore in the Levack West and Little Stobie mines, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 17: 437-452.
      • MacLennan Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Rathbun Township
Econ Geol (1988) 83:492-510; Econ Geol (1986) 81:1272-1277
      • Wisner Township
Economic Geology 103 (2008) 1005-1028.
    • Thunder Bay District
Mulja & Mitchell (1990)
Mcdonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Stanley, C.J., Good, D.J., Redpath, J., Lane, G., Spratt, J. & Ames, D.E. (2015) Coldwellite, Pd3Ag2S, a new mineral species from the Marathon deposit, Coldwell complex, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 1-13.
      • Lac des Iles Area
Dana's New Mineralogy; Canadian Mineralogist 22:233-237; Louis J. Cabri and J.H. Gilles Laflamme (1979) Mineralogy of Samples from the Lac Des Iles Area, Ontario. Canmet Report 79-27
Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.22, pp. 125-136 (1984); D. H. Watkinson and G. Dunning v(1979) Geology and platinum-group mineralization, Lac-des-Iles Complex, northwestern Ontario. Can Mineral 17:453-462
      • O'Neill Township
American Mineralogist, Volume 76, pages 1694-1700, 199l; Canadian Mineralogist 30, 121; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
      • Seeley Lake Area
Mulja, T. & Mitchell, R.H. (1990) Platinum-group minerals and tellurides from the Geordi Lake intrusion, Coldwell complex, Northwestern Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 489-501.; Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
EcoMetrix Reort for Stillwater Canada Inc, Marathon Project (2012) Table 4.1-3
    • Timiskaming District
      • Boston Township
Econ Geol (1993) 88:817-836; CM 30, 109; STONE, W.E., FLEET, M.E.,CROCKET, J.H. & KINGSTON, D.M. (1992) Platinum group minerals in pyroxenite from the Boston Creek Flow basaltic komatite, Abitibi greenstone belt, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 109-119.
  • Québec
    • Côte-Nord
      • Caniapiscau RCM
Beaudoin, G., Laurent, R. & Ohnenstetter, D. (1990) First report of platinum-group minerals at Blue Lake, Labrador Through, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 409-418.
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Nunavik
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
  • Saskatchewan
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse Mining District
      • Kluane District
Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., and Martin, R.F. (2002) Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 651-669.; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Jinchang Prefecture
      • Jinchuan District
Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128.; Yang, Xuan-Zhu;Matsueda, Hiroharu;Yui, Shunzo;Dong, Xian-Yang (1992) : Chemical Compositions and Paragenesis of the Platinum-group Element Minerals in the Jinchuan Sulfide Deposit, Gansu Province, China. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy;Vol.XXIII, No.2
  • Hebei Province
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Fengning Co.
Yu Zuxiang, Lin Shujen, Chao Pao, Fang Chingsung, and Huang Chishun (1974): Acta Geologica Sinica 48(2), 202-218
      • Luanping Co.
        • Tiema-Habaqin complex
Yu Zuxiang, Lin Shujen, Chao Pao, Fang Chingsung, and Huang Chishun (1974): Acta Geologica Sinica 48(2), 202-218
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Hohhot League (Huhehaote Prefecture)
      • Wuchuan Co.
Chen Keqiao, Yang Huifang, Ma Letian, and Peng Zhizhong (1981): Dizhi Lunping [Geological Review] 27(2), 108-115.
  • Sichuan Province
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Danba Co.
        • Yangliuping Cu-Ni-PGE ore field
American Mineralogist (1979), 64, 464; Xiaoqiang Hu, Yunquan Li, and Dequan Shuai (2001): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 21(1), 14-18; Xiaoqiang Hu, Yunquan Li, and Dequan Shuai (2001): Journal of Chengdu University of Technology 28(1), 48-52
  • Yunnan Province
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Midu Co.
Min Liu (2002): Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources 10(5), 28-32; Huanbin Song, Mingqin He, Shangzhong Zhang, and Fenghuang Yi (2008): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 27, 104-108
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
Finland
 
Törnroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kari, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper
    • Inari
      • Lemmenjoki
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland; Kojonen, K. K., Tarkian, M., Roberts, A. C., Törnroos, R., & Heidrich, S. (2007). Miessiite, Pd11Te2Se2, a new mineral species from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(5), 1221-1227.; Kari Kojonen (2012) PGE ore potential in the southwestern granulite belt of Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 207 pp 64-67
    • Koillismaa Complex
Kojonen, K., & Iljina, M. (2001, August). Platinum-Group Minerals in the Early Proterozoic Kuusijärvi Marginal Series, Koillismaa Layered Igneous Complex, Northeastern Finland. In Proceedings of the sixth Biennial SGA-SEG meeting, Balkema Publishers, Lisse (pp. 653-656).
    • Penikat complex
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1126-1136
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1126-1136; Huhtelin, T. A., Alapieti, T. T., & Lahtinen, J. J. (1990). The Paasivaara PGE reef in the Penikat layered intrusion, northern Finland. Mineralogy and Petrology, 42(1-4), 57-70.; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1126-1136
    • Portimo complex
Iljina, M. 1994. The Portimo Layered Igneous Complex - with emphasis on diverse sulphide and platinum-group element deposits. Acta Univ. Oul. A258, 1994
Iljina, M.J., Alapieti, T., Lahtinen, J.J. and Lerssi, J.M. 1989. Thr Suhanko-Konttijärvi intrusion and related sulphide and PGE mineralizations. In:5 th international Platinum symposion. Guide to the pos-symposion field trip, August 4-11, 1989. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus. Opas 29
    • Rovaniemi
Törmänen, Tuomo et al. 2014. New PGE-REEF mineralization of the Sotkavaara pyroxenite intrusion, Rovaniemi, northern Finland.GTK,Tieteelliset posterit, vol.338
    • Sodankylä
Gervilla, F., Kojonen, K. and Merkle, R.K.W., 2005. Platinum-group minerals in the Proterozoic Keivitsa mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract, 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume
Gervilla, F., & Kojonen, K. (2002). The platinum-group minerals in the upper section of the Keivitsansarvi Ni–Cu–PGE deposit, northern Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 377-394.; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Greenland
 
  • Qeqqata
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord (Søndre Strømfjord)
      • Kangerlussuaq complex
        • Skaergaard intrusion
Holwell, D. A., Keays, R. R., McDonald, I., & Williams, M. R. (2015). Extreme enrichment of Se, Te, PGE and Au in Cu sulfide microdroplets: evidence from LA-ICP-MS analysis of sulfides in the Skaergaard Intrusion, east Greenland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(5-6), 1-26.
  • Sermersooq
    • Kruuse Fjord
Econ Geol (1997) 92:490-501
India
 
  • Karnataka
    • Shimoga schist belt
T. T. Alapieti, T. C. Devaraju, R. J. Kaukonen (2005) Sem-eds Study of the Platinum-group Minerals in the PGE mineralized Hanumalapura Segment of the Layeredmafic-ultramafic Complex of Channagiri, Davangere District, Karnataka. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, 65:745-752.
Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)
 
  • Dix-Huit Montagnes region
    • Biankouma department
Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
        • Bou Azzer District (Bou Azer District)
          • Bleida
El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Norway
 
  • Rogaland
    • Karmøy
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (11998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
Philippines
 
  • Luzon
    • Cordillera Administrative Region
      • Benguet Province
        • Benguet Property
          • Tuba
Piestrzyński, A., Schmidt, S.Th., Franco, H. (1994): Pd-minerals in the Sto. Tomas II, porphyry copper deposit, Tuba Benguet, Philippines. Mineralogia Polonica: 25(2): 21-31
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
Vymazalová, A., Laufek, F., Sluzhenikin, S.F., Stanley, C.J. (2016): Norilskite, (Pd,Ag)7Pb4, a new mineral from Noril`sk -Talnakh deposit, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12845 (2016).
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Kovalenker, V. A., Genkin, A. D., Yevstigneyeva, T. L., & Laputina, I. P. (1975). Telargpalite, a new mineral of palladium, silver, and tellurium from the copper-nickel ores of the Oktyabr deposit. International Geology Review, 17(7), 817-822
2014 Ultramafic-mafic intrusions, volcanic rocks and PGE-Cu-Ni sulfide deposits of the Noril’sk Province, Polar Siberia . 12th International Platinum Symposium
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Dovyren Highlands
Rudashevskiy N.S., Krecer D.A., Orsoev D.A., Kislov E.V. (2003) Palladium-platinum mineralization in vein Cu-Ni-ores of Yoko-Dovyrenskiy laiered massif, - DAN, 391(4), p. 519-522 (in Rus.)
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sayan Mts
        • Eastern Sayan
Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Amurskaya Oblast'
Stepanov, V.A., Rogulina, L.I., Melnikov, A.V., and Yusupov, D.V. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 619-623.; Mel’nikov, A. V., Moiseenko, V. G., Stepanov, V. A., & Yusupov, D. V. (2012, January). New data on platinum-metal mineralization of mafic-ultramafic massifs in the Dambuki ore district (Far East, Russia). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 442, No. 1, pp. 13-16). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Ayan-Maya district
        • Aldan shield
          • Konder alkaline-ultrabasic massif (Konder placers; Konder mine; Kondyor)
Barkov, A.Y., Shvedov, G.I., Polonyankin, A.A., Martin, R.F. (2016): New and unusual Pd-Tl-bearing mineralization in the Anomal'nyi deposit, Kondyor concentrically zoned complex, northern Khabarovskiy kray, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12836 (2016)
Can Mineral August 2010 vol. 48 no. 4 991-1004
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Lake Onega
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., Ganin, V. A., & Grinevich, N. G. (2005). PGE mineralization in the Burakovsk Layered Complex, Southern Karelia, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 47(4), 283.
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
      • Northern Karelia
        • Oulanka plutonic complex
          • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Tarkian, M., Poirier, G., & Thibault, Y. (2001). Pd–Ag Tellurides from a Cl-rich environment in the Lukkulaisvaara layered intrusion, northern Russian Karelia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(2), 639-653.
Can Min (2002) 40, (2), 679-692; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 973-978.
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p63
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
Gabov, D. A. (2010). PGE and Au minerals from the low-sulfide ore of the Pana Tundra Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 624-629.
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
      • Monche-Tundra
http://www.duke.edu/~boudreau/9thPtSymposium/Grokhovskaya_Abstract.pdf
Yury L. Voytekhovsky, Yury N. Neradovsky (2008) The Cu-Ni-PGE and Cr deposits of the Monchegorsk area, the Kola Peninsula, Russia. 33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Grokhovskaya, T.L., Griboedova, I.G. & Karimova, O.V. (2014) Diversity of PGM Assemblages in Pge Deposits of the Monchegorsk Igneous Complex, Russia. 12th International Platinum Symposium p249
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p88
33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
http://www4.geology.utoronto.ca/faculty/mungall/Website/igcp479northasia/dp803.html.
Chashchin, V. V., & Petrov, S. V. (2013). Low-sulfide PGE ore in the Volchetundra gabbro-anorthosite pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(5), 357-382.
Chashchin, V. V., & Petrov, S. V. (2013). Low-sulfide PGE ore in the Volchetundra gabbro-anorthosite pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(5), 357-382.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
      • Burgersfort
        • Sekhukhuneland
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p271; Junge, M., Wirth, R., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Schreiber, A. (2015). Mineralogical siting of platinum-group elements in pentlandite from the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralium Deposita, 50(1), 41-54.
Bart Cannon, personal communication
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
Fanus Viljoen, F., Ramakoloi, N., Rose, D. and Reinke, C. (2016) Mineral Chemistry of (Pt,Pd)-Bismuthotelluride Minerals In the Platreef At Zwartfontein, Akanani Project, Northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53(6), 1109-1127.
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Barberton
        • Bon Accord
Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
Mike Scott S105185 from Cureton from F Kennedy ID by Cannon m-probe 1988
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Minerals of South Africa
Brynard, H. J., De Villiers, J. P. R., & Viljoen, E. A. (1976). A mineralogical investigation of the Merensky Reef at the Western Platinum mine, near Marikana, South Africa. Economic Geology, 71(7), 1299-1307.
Sweden
 
  • Lappland
    • Kiruna
      • Vittangi
No reference listed
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle of Rum
Power, M.R., Pirrie, D., Andersen, J.C.O., and Butcher, A.R. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 762-775.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
      • Ketchikan District
        • Prince of Wales Island
          • Kasaan Peninsula
Econ Geol(1992) 87:185-184; US Geological Survey, 2005, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF); Goodall, G. N. (2001). PROJECT REPORT on the SALT CHUCK COPPER-PALLADIUM PROSPECT PRINCE OF WALES ISLAND, ALASKA.
  • California
    • Nevada Co.
      • North San Juan District
        • North San Juan
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 63-64.
  • Montana
    • Stillwater Co.
      • Nye
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp. 589-594 (1979); Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
          • Blakely Creek
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
          • J-M Reef (Howland Reef)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 23, pp.149-162(1985)
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
      • Stillwater Complex
EDS analysis by Bart Cannon
    • Sweet Grass Co.
      • Stillwater Complex
ID by microprobe on polished section, and ore microscopy, by Bart Cannon.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Virgin Mts
        • Bunkerville District
          • Whitney Pocket Basin
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
      • New Rambler District
www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm ; R.R. Loucks, M.E. McCallum (1980) Platinum-group minerals in the New Rambler copper-nickel deposit, Wyoming: A preliminary report. ft Sulphosalts, Platinum Minerals and Ore Microscopy, 200-218. Proc. XI IMA Meet., Novosibirsk.(Am Min 74:1217); Econ Geol (1988) 83:492-510
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi Mining District (Hartley Mining District)
      • Chiredzi
LIU, J., JIN, S. and WANG, Y. (2014), The Occurrence of Useful Components in Platinum-Palladium Deposit in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 1466–1467; Oberthür, T., Weiser, T. W., Gast, L., & Kojonen, K. (2003). Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements at Hartley Platinum Mine, Zimbabwe. Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 327-343.
  • Midlands
    • Shurugwi District (Selukwe District)
Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342
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