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Krennerite

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About KrenneriteHide

09267850014947397494792.jpg
Krenner József Sándor
Formula:
Au3AgTe8
Colour:
Silver white
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2 - 3
Specific Gravity:
8.62
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in 1877 by Gerhard vom Rath in honor of József Sándor Krenner [March 3, 1839, Buda, Hungary - January 6, 1920, Budapest, Hungary], crystallographer and curator of the Hungarian Mineral Museum and professor at the Technical University of Budapest. Krenner named this mineral "bunsenine" after Robert Bunsen, but vom Rath renamed it as bunsenite had previously been used as a mineral name. Krenner also named semseyite.
Closely related to calaverite.

See also sylvanite. Maximal contents of silver in krennerite are 5-7 wt.%.


Classification of KrenneriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.EA.15

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
A : M:S = 1:2 - With Cu, Ag, Au
2.12.13.1

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
3.3.2

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
3 : Sulphides etc. of Au

Physical Properties of KrenneriteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Silver white
Hardness:
2 - 3 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=166 - 186 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
8.62 g/cm3 (Measured)    8.86 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of KrenneriteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong to dark brown
Colour in reflected light:
Creamy white
Pleochroism:
Weak

Chemical Properties of KrenneriteHide

Formula:
Au3AgTe8
Common Impurities:
Fe

Crystallography of KrenneriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
Pma2
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.58 Å, b = 8.849 Å, c = 4.464 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.874 : 1 : 0.504
Unit Cell V:
654.94 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Crystals striated, short prismatic.

Crystallographic forms of KrenneriteHide

Crystal Atlas:
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Krennerite - Short prismatic [001]
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indices | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Type Occurrence of KrenneriteHide

Synonyms of KrenneriteHide

Other Language Names for KrenneriteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
13 photos of Krennerite associated with CalaveriteAuTe2
5 photos of Krennerite associated with QuartzSiO2
3 photos of Krennerite associated with Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
2 photos of Krennerite associated with GoldAu
1 photo of Krennerite associated with FrohbergiteFeTe2
1 photo of Krennerite associated with PetziteAg3AuTe2
1 photo of Krennerite associated with ColoradoiteHgTe
1 photo of Krennerite associated with TelluriumTe
1 photo of Krennerite associated with HessiteAg2Te
1 photo of Krennerite associated with Goldfieldite(Cu102)Te4S12S

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.EA.05Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
2.EA.10CalaveriteAuTe2Mon.
2.EA.15KostoviteCuAuTe4Orth.
2.EA.20BerndtiteSnS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.EA.20KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.EA.20MeloniteNiTe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.EA.20Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2Trig. 3m : P3m1
2.EA.20Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2Trig.
2.EA.20ShuangfengiteIrTe2Trig.
2.EA.20SudovikovitePtSe2Trig.
2.EA.25VerbeekitePdSe2Mon.
2.EA.30DrysdalliteMo(Se,S)2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.EA.30JordisiteMoS2
2.EA.30MolybdeniteMoS2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.EA.30TungsteniteWS2Trig. 3m : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.12.13.2CalaveriteAuTe2Mon.
2.12.13.3Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
2.12.13.4KostoviteCuAuTe4Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.3.1CalaveriteAuTe2Mon.
3.3.3KostoviteCuAuTe4Orth.
3.3.4UytenbogaardtiteAg3AuS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
3.3.5FischesseriteAg3AuSe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
3.3.6PetrovskaiteAuAgSMon.
3.3.7PetziteAg3AuTe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
3.3.8MuthmanniteAuAgTe2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
3.3.9Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.3.10Penzhinite(Ag,Cu)4Au(S,Se)4Hex.
3.3.11Bezsmertnovite(Au,Ag)4Cu(Te,Pb)Orth.
3.3.12BilibinskitePbCu2Au3Te2Iso.
3.3.13Bogdanovite(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)Iso.
3.3.14Montbrayite(Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38Tric.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KrenneriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Klaproth, M.H. (1802) Chemische Untersuchung der siebenbürgischen Golderze, C. Gelberz, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Dritter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 20-25.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 333-334.
Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen (1984): 33: 253-262.

Internet Links for KrenneriteHide

Localities for KrenneriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca Province
    • Andalgalá Department
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Hubert, P., Werner, H., & Dan, T. (2009). A contribution to the knowledge of the mineralization at Mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina, 64(3), 514-524.
PUTZ, Hubert; PAAR, Werner H and TOPA, Dan. A contributionto the knowledge of the mineralization at mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 514-524.
PUTZ, Hubert; PAAR, Werner H and TOPA, Dan. A contributionto the knowledge of the mineralization at mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 514-524.
  • La Rioja Province
    • Sierra de Famatina
DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
  • Salta Province
    • Los Andes department
      • San Antonio de los Cobres
        • Organullo mining district
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
Armenia
 
  • Kotayk Province
    • Hrazdan
Kovalenker, V. A., Zalibekyan, M. A., Laputina, I. P., Malov, V. S., Sandomirskaya, S. M., Garas' ko, M. I., & Mkhitaryan, D. I. (1990). Sulfide-telluride mineralization of the Megradzor ore field, Armenia. International Geology Review, 32(7), 705-720.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
Canadian Mineralogist (2003) 41, 1503-1524; Noble, R.J. (2017): The Golden Mile. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 18 (1), 5-20.
Noble, R.J. (2017), The Golden Mile, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 18 (1), pp 13, June 2017
Noble, R.J. (2017), The Golden Mile, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 18 (1), pp 13, June 2017
Noble, R.J. (2017), The Golden Mile, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 18 (1), pp 13, June 2017
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 2, pp 576, 1948
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, pp42, 1948
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, pp 42, 1948
Mueller, A. G., & Muhling, J. R. (2019). Early pyrite and late telluride mineralization in vanadium-rich gold ore from the Oroya Shoot, Paringa South mine, Golden Mile, Kalgoorlie: 3. Ore mineralogy, Pb-Te (Au-Ag) melt inclusions, and stable isotope constraints on fluid sources. Mineralium Deposita, 1-34.
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, pp 352, 1948
      • Mulgabbie Goldfield
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, pp 2, 1948
Bulgaria
 
  • Pazardzhik Province
    • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
      • Elshitsa
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
      • Levski
Tsonev, D., Popov, K., Kanazirski, M., Strashimirov, S. 2000. Radka ore field. In: Strashimirov, S., Popov, P. (Eds.), Geology and Metallogeny of the Panagyurishte Ore Region (Srednogorie Zone, Bulgaria). ABCD-GEODE 2000 Workshop, Guide to excursions (A and C), 32-39.; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
  • Sofia City Province
    • Chelopech
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Dome Township
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.184
    • Timiskaming District
      • Bannockburn Township
Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; D. C. Harris, W. D. Sinclair, and R. I. Thorpe (1983) Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. Can Mineral 21: 137-143
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Val d'Or
Sabina (2003) 177-178.; Geraint Harris et al (2011) Century Mining Corporation Technical Review Of The Mining Plan/Operations And Audit Of The Resource And Reserve Estimates For The Lamaque Mine Project City Of Val D’Or, Bourlamaque Township,Abitibi County, Quebec, Canada NTS Map 32C/04
      • Rouyn-Noranda TE
SABINA, A.P. (1974): Rocks & minerals for the collector: Kirkland Lake – Noranda – Val d’Or, Ontario
Sabina (2003) 66.
Am Min (1948) 34, 342.
Chile
 
  • Coquimbo
    • Elqui Province
      • El Indio deposit
Llaumet C./Henríquez F. (1976); "Faja de mineralización de oro, plata, cobre y arsenico en la Cordillera Andina de la III y IV región"; Primero Congreso Geológico Chileno, Vol. II.
China
 
  • Hebei
    • Zhangjiakou
      • Chongli Co.
        • Dongping Au-Te ore field
Gao, S., Xu, H., Zhang, D., Shao, H., & Quan, S. (2015). Ore petrography and chemistry of the tellurides from the Dongping gold deposit, Hebei Province, China. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 23-34.
  • Heilongjiang
    • Heihe
      • Aihui District
Kuicheng Guo, Jun Lü, Huajuan Gu, Hua Song, and Derong Li (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(4), 616-621; Jun Lü, Xuguang Liu, Zhenzhe Han, Aikui Zhang, Handong Zhao, and Derong Li (2009): Geology and Exploration 45(4), 395-401; Hong Xu, Yuxing Yu, Shen Gao, Zhu Tian, Xiangke Wu, Lijun Yang, Qiushu Wang, and Yi Sun (2011): Geological Bulletin of China 30(11), 1779-1784; Siyu Han, Degao Zhai, Jiajun Liu, Jun Lü, Shenghua Wu, and Longbo Yang (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(5), 855-866; Xuxing Yu, Hong Xu, Xiangke Wu, Lijun Yang, Zhu Tian, Shen Gao, and Qiushu Wang (2012): Acta Petrologica Sinica 28(1), 345-356; Zhai, D., & Liu, J. (2014). Gold-telluride-sulfide association in the Sandaowanzi epithermal Au-Ag-Te deposit, NE China: implications for phase equilibrium and physicochemical conditions. Mineralogy and Petrology, 108(6), 853-871.; Zhai, D., Liu, J., Ripley, E. M., & Wang, J. (2015). Geochronological and He–Ar–S isotopic constraints on the origin of the Sandaowanzi gold-telluride deposit, northeastern China. Lithos, 212, 338-352.; Zhai, D., Williams-Jones, A. E., Liu, J., Tombros, S. F., & Cook, N. J. (2018) Mineralogical, fluid inclusion, and multiple isotope (HOS-Pb) constraints on the genesis of the Sandaowanzi epithermal Au-Ag-Te deposit, NE China. Economic Geology, 113(6), 1359-1382.
  • Henan
    • Luoyang
      • Song Co.
        • Dongwan gold field
Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qiu, and Jun Deng (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37(3/4), 306-325.
  • Shandong
    • Linyi
      • Pingyi Co.
        • Tongshi complex
Changfu Chen, Yanbing Li, and Mingxia Jiang (1999): Geological Science and Technology Information 18(1), 60-66
  • Sichuan
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Kangding Co.
        • Daduhe gold field
Zhimin Cao (1991): Journal of Chengdu College of Technology 18(4), 26-36
Czech Republic
 
  • Liberec Region
    • Jablonec nad Nisou District
      • Jílové u Držkova
Small and microscopical minerals, Gold Shaft, Jílové, ČGO
Dominican Republic
 
  • Monseñor Nouel Province
    • Maimón
Colomer, J. M., Andreu, E., Torró, L., Proenza, J. A., Melgarejo, J. A., Chavez, C., ... & Lewis, J. F. (2013). Mineralogy, textures and new sulphur isotope data of the Cerro de Maimón VMS deposit ores, Dominican Republic. In Mineral deposit research for a high-tech world. Proceedings of the 12th Biennial SGA Meeting (Vol. 2, pp. 518-521).
  • Sánchez Ramírez Province
    • Cotuí
Muntean, J. L., Kesler, S. E., Russell, N., & Polanco, J. (1990). Evolution of the Monte Negro acid-sulfate Au-Ag deposit, Pueblo Viejo, Dominican Republic; important factors in grade development. Economic Geology, 85(8), 1738-1758.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
      • Qift area (Kift area; Coptos area)
Osman A. M., Pieczonka J., Piestrzyński A. 2002: Relationships between gold and tellurides in the El Sid gold deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 33, no 2, 15-26
Fiji
 
  • Viti Levu
    • Tavua Gold Field
      • Vatukoula
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished) ; J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; Fornadel, A. P., Spry, P. G., & Jackson, S. E. (2019). Geological controls on the stable tellurium isotope variation in tellurides and native tellurium from epithermal and orogenic gold deposits: application to the Emperor gold-telluride deposit, Fiji. Ore Geology Reviews, 103076.
16th Australian Geological Convention, Adelaide,
Finland
 
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Orivesi
Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Georgia
 
  • Kvemo Kartli
    • Bolnisi District
Ramaz Migineishvili (2005) Hybrid nature of the Madneuli Cu-Au deposit, Georgia. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
Greece
 
  • Central Macedonia
    • Chalkidiki
      • Aristotelis
        • Cassandra Mines
McFall, K., Roberts, S., Teagle, D., Naden, J., Lusty, P., & Boyce, A. (2016). The origin and distribution of critical metals (Pd, Pt, Te and Se) within the Skouries Cu-Au porphyry deposit, Greece. Applied Earth Science, 125(2), 100-101.
  • East Macedonia and Thrace
    • Evros
      • Alexandroupoli
Panagiotis Christos Voudouris, Vasilios Melfos, Paul G. Spry, Robert Moritz, Constantinos Papavassiliou und George Falalakis (2011): Mineralogy and geochemical environment of formation of the Perama Hill high-sulfidation epithermal Au-Ag-Te-Se deposit, Petrota Graben, NE Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 103, 79-100.; Voudouris, P., Papavassiliou, C., Alfieris, D., & Falalakis, G. (2007). Gold-silver tellurides and bismuth sulfosalts in the high-intermediate sulfidation Perama Hill deposit, western Thrace (NE Greece). Geol Survey Finland Guide, 53, 77-84.
  • South Aegean
    • Tinos
      • Tinos Island
Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Hungary
 
  • Heves County
    • Parádfürdő
Szakáll & Jánosi : Minerals of Hungary, 1995
India
 
  • Jharkhand
    • Singhbhum District
      • Jadugora (Jadugoda; Jaduguda)
Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Furtei
Fadda, S., Fiori, M., & Grillo, S. M. (2005). Chemical variations in tetrahedrite-tennantite minerals from the Furtei epithermal Au deposit, Sardinia, Italy: Mineral zoning and ore fluids evolution. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 79-84.
Japan
 
  • Aomori
    • Shimokita peninsula
      • Mutsu City
Aoki (1988) Sanko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 60.
K Jouhou, #131 (15-4-2002)
  • Hokkaidō
    • Iburi Subprefecture
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 14 (1989) , No. 7 pp 299-302
  • Shizuoka
    • Shimoda City
      • Rendaiji
Int Geol Congr (2008) Oslo. MRD-09
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola Region
    • Shortandy
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
P.M. Kartashov analytical data; Spiridonov, Ernst M. "New Data on Mineralogy of Deposits of Plutonogenic Gold-quartz Formation in the Northern Central Kazakhstan. Part I."
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Kurshim
Глоба В.А. Месторождение Манка - новый геолого-промышленный тип месторождений золота. // Изв. НАН РК, Сер. геол. 2006, 5(403), с.20-28.
  • Turkistan Region
Baibatsha, A., Dyussembayeva, K., & Kassenova, A. (2015). Microparagenetic Associations of Gold in Ore-Forming Minerals from Deposits of Different Geological and Industrial Types of Kazakhstan. In Proceedings of the 11th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 1-8). Springer International Publishing.
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Moctezuma Municipality
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Mongolia
 
  • Bayanhongor Province
Władysław Zygo (2011) Tsagaan Tsakhir gold deposit: geology and mineralization, Mongolia. Slovakia.SGA Student Conference Mineral resources for the society Prague, April15 19,2011
New Zealand
 
  • Waikato Region
    • Hauraki District
Steve Sorrell Collection
North Macedonia
 
  • Radoviš (Radovish)
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Serafimovski, T., Tasev, G., Strmić Palinkaš, S., Palinkaš, L.A. and Gjorgjiev, L. (2016): Porphyry Cu mineralization related to the small Tertiary volcanic intrusions in the Bučim ore deposit, Eastern Macedonia. Geologia Croatica 69, 101-119.
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Enga Province
    • Mt Hagen
      • Mt Kare Valley
Cameron, G. H. (2013). The hydrothermal evolution and genesis of the Porgera gold deposit, Papua New Guinea. PhD Thesis Australian National University
Romania
 
  • Alba
Mineralogical Record 13:389-400
    • Zlatna (Zalatna; Zalathna)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Hunedoara
    • Brad
      • Crișcior (Criștior; Zarándkristyor; Kristyor; Körösfalva; Kreischquell)
        • Brad Muşariu (Brád; Muşariu)
          • Mustari (Muszàri)
Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
    • Deva
Term.Füz.(1877) 1, 33-35; Wagner F E, Sawicki J A, Friedl J, Mandarino J A, Harris D C, Cabri L J (1994) 197Au Mössbauer study of the gold–silver ditellurides sylvanite, krennerite and calaverite, The Canadian Mineralogist 32, 189-201
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Plastovsky District
      • Plast
        • Kochkar' District
Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
Vikent’eva, O. V., & Bortnikov, N. S. The Large Svetlinsk Au-Te Deposit, South Urals: Telluride Mineralization for Genetic Reconstructions. MINERAL RESOURCES IN A SUSTAINABLE WORLD • 13th SGA Biennial Meeting 2015. Proceedings, Volume 2 pp851-854; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
    • Sosnovsky District
Plotinskaya, O. Y., Grabezhev, A. I., Groznova, E. O., Seltmann, R., & Lehmann, B. (2014). The Late Paleozoic porphyry–epithermal spectrum of the Birgilda–Tomino ore cluster in the South Urals, Russia. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 79, 910-931.
Spiridonov, A. M., Kulikova, Z. I., Zorina, L. D., Granina, E. M., Parshin, A. V., & Budyak, A. E. Material Composition of Ores and Metasomatically Altered Rocks at Bereznyakovskoe Epithermal Gold Ore Deposit (the South Urals).; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Groznova, E. O., Kovalenker, V. A., Novoselov, K. A., & Seltmann, R. (2009). Mineralogy and formation conditions of ores in the Bereznyakovskoe ore field, the Southern Urals, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 371.
    • Verkhneuralsky District
Vikent'ev, I.V., Moloshag, V.P. and Yudovskaya, M.A. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 77-107.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Bodaibo
      • Lena Gold District
        • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
http://www.igem.ru/igem/chem/pt/sukhloge.htm; Distler, V. V., Mitrofanov, G. L., Yudovskaya, M. A., Lishnevsky, E. N., & Prokof’ev, V. Y. (2005). Deep structure and ore-forming processes of the Sukhoi Log gold-platinum deposit, Russia. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 921-923). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Central Kamchatka mining district
Okrugin, V. M., Andreeva, E. D., Kim, A. U., Moskaleva, S. V., Okrugina, A. M., Filosofova, T. M., ... & Kudaeva, S. S. (2015). Zeolites of the Modern and Paleo-Hydrothermal Systems on Kamchatka. Zeolites, 19, 25.; Andreeva, E. D., Matsueda, H., Okrugin, V. M., Takahashi, R., & Ono, S. (2013). Au–Ag–Te Mineralization of the Low‐Sulfidation Epithermal Aginskoe Deposit, Central Kamchatka, Russia. Resource Geology, 63(4), 337-349.; Okrugina, V. and Elena Andreeva (2014) Volcanic-related epithermal deposits in Kamchatka volcanic arc (North-East of Pacific region). in Abstract Volume IAGR Conference Series No. 20, pp.107–109
    • Maletoyvayam ore field
Tolstykh, N. D., Vymazalová, A., Petrova, E. A., & Stenin, N. (2017). The Gaching Au mineralization in the Maletoivayam ore field, Kamchatka, Russia. In Materials 14th SGA Biennial Meeting Quebec Citi, Canada (Vol. 1, pp. 195-198).
V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
  • Magadan Oblast
Goryachev, N. A., Gamyanin, G. N., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Savva, N. E., Velivetskaya, T. A., & Ignat’ev, A. V. (2014). Silver-cobalt mineralization in the Upper Seymchan ore cluster, Northeastern Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(5), 322-345.
  • Orenburg Oblast
    • Gay
Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).; Vinokurov, S. F., Vikent’ev, I. V., & Sychkova, V. A. (2010). Determining ionic gold species in massive sulfide ores. Geochemistry International, 48(5), 510-516.
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Kunashir Island
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Rezhevsky District
D. Krinov data
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 190;
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
Analysis performed at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Ignacio Gaspar).
Sweden
 
  • Värmland County
    • Arvika
      • Glava
Scherbina, A. S. (1941): The gold-rich chalcocite-bornite deposit of Glava in Vermland, Sweden, and its geological setting. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Geol., Beilage-Band, 76A, 377-458.
Tajikistan
 
  • Sughd
Il'ina, L. I.; Rakhmanova, N. V.; Shumskaya, N. I.; Yakovleva, O. A. (1990): Some rare minerals of the Kochbulak ore deposit. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 119(6), 87-92 (in Russian).; GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • 4 3 • SOFIA pp 69-74; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.; Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 269; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 269.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • Jamestown Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
      • Sugarloaf Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • Ward Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Lamartine Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223; U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 319
    • Hinsdale Co.
      • Lake City Mining District (Lake Mining District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
        • Lake City
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; Econ Geol (1980) 75:963-991; Econ Geol (1985) 80:410-417
    • La Plata Co.
      • La Plata Mining District (California Mining District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Saunders, J. A. (1986). Petrology, mineralogy, and geochemistry of representative gold telluride ores from Colorado (Doctoral dissertation, Colorado School of Mines).
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Saguache Co.
      • Bonanza Mining District (Kerber Creek Mining District; Blake Mining District)
        • Bonanza
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Eureka Mining District
        • Gladstone
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Teller Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
        • Cripple Creek
John Betts specimen No. 20460
No reference listed
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Collection of Barry Murphy, Micromount specimen catalogue number 00835
        • Eclipse Gulch
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
2009 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Montana
    • Fergus Co.
      • Warm Springs District (Gilt Edge District; Gold Hill District; Maiden District)
        • Cone Butte Sub-District
Econ Geol (1994) 89:602-627
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Whitehall Mining District (Cardwell Mining District)
Spry, P.G., Foster, F., Truckle, J.S., and Chadwick, T.H. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 143-164.; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1985) 80:1689-1706; Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Goldfield Mining District
        • Goldfield
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Paradise Peak Mining District
Econ Geol (1994) 89:1228-1248
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Carolina Slate Belt
Callahan,J.E., J.R Craig, and T.N. Solberg,1995, Telluride mineralization of the southeastern United States, Southeastern Geology 35: 139- 151
  • South Carolina
    • Lancaster Co.
      • Kershaw
Bell.H and Larson,R.R.,1984,A new occurrence of telluride minerals in South Carolina:Southeastern Geology,v..24n.4,pg.189-194
  • Utah
    • Utah Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; USGS Prof Paper 1024
SEM-EDS analyzed by Dr. Rob Bowell.
  • Washington
    • Chelan Co.
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
      • Wenatchee Mining District
        • Wenatchee
          • Squillchuck Creek
Lasmanis, R. (1995): Mineral News: A Compendium of Wenatchee District Mineralogy, Chelan County, Washington, p.6-7
    • Ferry Co.
      • Sheriden Mining District
        • Bodie Mountain
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
  • Wisconsin
    • Taylor Co.
      • Gilman
DeMatties, T. & W. Rowell (1996) The Bend Deposit: an early Proterozoic copper-gold VMS deposit: in LaBerge, G. L., Ed., Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of northern Wisconsin: A commemorative volume: Institute on Lake Superior Geology Proceedings, 42nd Annual Meeting, Cable, WI, v. 42, part 2: 143-159.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent
    • Okhangaron District
Eleonora A. Dunin-Barkovskaya, Umid K. Aripov, L.A. Tsoy, M.A. Kim (2005) Mineralogical features and ore-forming conditions of goldbearing deposits of Uzbekistan. GEOCHMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY 43 SOFIA pp 69-74
 
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