Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for Educators
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Kulanite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Ba(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3
Colour:
Blue, blue-green, green
Lustre:
Adamantine, Vitreous
Hardness:
4
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after Alan Kulan.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of KulaniteHide

Approved
8.BH.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
H : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 = 1:1
41.9.1.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
9 : (AB)5(XO4)3Zq
19.5.14

19 : Phosphates
5 : Phosphates of Sr and Ba

Pronounciation of KulaniteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of KulaniteHide

Adamantine, Vitreous
Colour:
Blue, blue-green, green
Streak:
Greenish white
Hardness:

Optical Data of KulaniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.703 nβ = 1.705 nγ = 1.723
2V:
Measured: 32° , Calculated: 38°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v weak

Chemical Properties of KulaniteHide

Formula:
Ba(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3
IMA Formula:
BaFe2+2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3

Crystallography of KulaniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.01 Å, b = 12.07 Å, c = 4.92 Å
β = 100.48°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.746 : 1 : 0.408
Unit Cell V:
526.13 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of KulaniteHide

Synonyms of KulaniteHide

Other Language Names for KulaniteHide

German:Kulanit
Simplified Chinese:磷铝铁钡石
Spanish:Kulanita

Relationship of Kulanite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon.
JohntomaiteBaFe2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Siderite46 photos of Kulanite associated with Siderite on mindat.org.
Fluorapatite16 photos of Kulanite associated with Fluorapatite on mindat.org.
Lazulite11 photos of Kulanite associated with Lazulite on mindat.org.
Quartz10 photos of Kulanite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Whitlockite4 photos of Kulanite associated with Whitlockite on mindat.org.
Gormanite4 photos of Kulanite associated with Gormanite on mindat.org.
Apatite3 photos of Kulanite associated with Apatite on mindat.org.
Nahpoite2 photos of Kulanite associated with Nahpoite on mindat.org.
Souzalite2 photos of Kulanite associated with Souzalite on mindat.org.
Whiteite-(CaFeMg)2 photos of Kulanite associated with Whiteite-(CaFeMg) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BH.05ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
8.BH.10DurangiteNaAl(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10IsokiteCaMg(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10MaxwelliteNaFe3+(AsO4)FMon.
8.BH.10PanasqueiraiteCaMg(PO4)(OH,F)Mon.
8.BH.10TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)FMon. m : Bb
8.BH.15DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BH.20Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon.
8.BH.20CirroliteCa3Al2(PO4)3(OH)3 (?)
8.BH.20PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.20PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.20JohntomaiteBaFe2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.25Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4Orth.
8.BH.25Palermoite(Li,Na)2(Sr,Ca)Al4(PO4)4(OH)4Orth.
8.BH.30CarminitePbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
8.BH.30SewarditeCaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
8.BH.35AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35CobaltaustiniteCaCo(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35GabrielsonitePbFe3+(As3+O3)OOrth. mm2 : Pmc21
8.BH.35NickelaustiniteCaNi(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35GottlobiteCaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35HermannroseiteCaCu(PO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.40ČechitePbFe2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.BH.40DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.40MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.40PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.45BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.45VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BH.50PaganoiteNiBi(AsO4)OTric.
8.BH.55JagoweriteBaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2Tric.
8.BH.60Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BH.65LeningraditePbCu3(VO4)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ibam

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

41.9.1.2PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
41.9.1.3Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon.
41.9.1.4PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.5.1StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
19.5.2Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
19.5.3GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
19.5.4GoedkeniteSr2Al(PO4)2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
19.5.5Palermoite(Li,Na)2(Sr,Ca)Al4(PO4)4(OH)4Orth.
19.5.6NabaphiteNaBaPO4 · 9H2OIso.
19.5.7Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
19.5.8NastrophiteNa(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
19.5.9JagoweriteBaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2Tric.
19.5.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
19.5.11PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
19.5.12CuretoniteBa(Al,Ti)(PO4)(OH,O)FMon. 2/m
19.5.13Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon.
19.5.15PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KulaniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
MANDARINO, J.A. & STURMAN, B.D. (1976): Kulanite, a new barium iron aluminum phosphate from the Yukon Territory, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 14, 127-131.
COOPER, M. & HAWTHORNE, F.C. (1994): Refinement of the crystal structure of kulanite. Canadian Mineralogist 32, 15-19.
ROBINSON, G.W., VAN VELTHUIZEN, J., ANSELL, H.G. & STURMAN, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
Yang Yueqing et al (1986) Acta Petr. Miner., 5(2): 119-127 + pl.I (in Chinese with English abstract).
IMA meeting (1986) Program & Abstract.

Internet Links for KulaniteHide

Localities for KulaniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Millstatt lake ridge
      • Spittal
        • Wolfsberg
Blass, G. & Graf, H.-W. (2000): 1207. Kulanit, ein weiteres seltenes Phosphat vom Pegmatitbruch am Wolfsberg, bei Spittal a. d. Drau, Kärnten. Pp. 192-193 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2000): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XLIX. Carinthia II, 190./110., 181-224.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Yarmouth Co.
      • Argyle
        • East Kemptville
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages, doi:10.4095/293933.
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
MinRec 23:4-47
MANDARINO, J.A. & STURMAN, B.D. (1976): Kulanite, a new barium iron aluminum phosphate from the Yukon Territory, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 14, 127-131. COOPER, M. & HAWTHORNE, F.C. (1994): Refinement of the crystal structure of kulanite. Canadian Mineralogist 32, 15-19. ROBINSON, G.W., VAN VELTHUIZEN, J., ANSELL, H.G. & STURMAN, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
        • Kulan Camp (Area A; Area 1)
Robinson, et al. "Yukon Phosphates" Mineralogical Record v.23, #4.; Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Modris Baum specimens
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Nanping Prefecture
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field (Xikeng pegmatite field)
Yueqing Yang, Yunxiang Ni, Yongquan Guo, Yaping Zhang, and Jiapin Liu (1986): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 5(2), 119–127; Rao, C., Wang, R. C., Hatert, F., & Baijot, M. (2014). Hydrothermal transformations of triphylite from the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite dyke, southeastern China. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 179-188.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Aš (Asch)
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Balestrino
Bracco R., Marchesini M. (2016): Le quarziti a lazulite della Liguria e la scoperta della fluorcarmoite-(BaNa). Micro, 14, 2 (2-2016), 68-84.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
AmMin 67: 97-113 (1982)
        • Independence Gulch
Am Min 67:97-113
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Nashua Min. Soc. Disp. Cat., 1995; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p.95.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: April 26, 2018 08:31:44 Page generated: March 26, 2018 03:31:27
Go to top of page