SUPPORT US. We rely on your donations to survive.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice SettingsThe Mineral Quiz
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Kutnohorite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About KutnohoriteHide

Formula:
CaMn2+(CO3)2
Colour:
White, pale rose, pink, light to medium brown
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Specific Gravity:
3.12
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1901 by Antonín Bukovský for the type locality - Kutna Hora, Bohemia, Czech Republic.

Classification of KutnohoriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.AB.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
B : Alkali-earth (and other M2+) carbonates
14.2.1.3

14 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
2 : AB(XO3)2
11.12.4

11 : Carbonates
12 : Carbonates of Mn

Physical Properties of KutnohoriteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
White, pale rose, pink, light to medium brown
Streak:
White
Hardness:
3½ - 4 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {1011}
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.12 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.15 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of KutnohoriteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.710 - 1.727 nε = 1.519 - 1.535
Birefringence:
0.191
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.191 - 0.192
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Optical Extinction:
Parallel

Chemical Properties of KutnohoriteHide

Formula:
CaMn2+(CO3)2

Crystallography of KutnohoriteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 - Rhombohedral
Space Group:
R3
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.8518(3) Å, c = 16.217(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.342
Unit Cell V:
330.60 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Polycrystalline spherules

Crystal StructureHide

Load
Unit Cell | Unit Cell Packed
2x2x2 | 3x3x3 | 4x4x4
Show
Big Balls | Small Balls | Just Balls | Spacefill
Polyhedra Off | Si Polyhedra | All Polyhedra
Remove metal-metal sticks
Display Options
Black Background | White Background
Perspective On | Perspective Off
2D | Stereo | Red-Blue | Red-Cyan
View
CIF File    Best | x | y | z | a | b | c
Rotation
Stop | Start
Labels
Console Off | On | Grey | Yellow
IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000106KutnohoriteGraf D L (1961) Crystallographic tables for the rhombohedral carbonates American Mineralogist 46 1283-131619610293
0001069KutnohoritePeacor D R, Essene E J, Gaines A M (1987) Petrologic and crystal-chemical implications of cation order-disorder in kutnahorite (CaMn(CO3)2) American Mineralogist 72 319-32819870293
0001070KutnohoritePeacor D R, Essene E J, Gaines A M (1987) Petrologic and crystal-chemical implications of cation order-disorder in kutnahorite (CaMn(CO3)2) American Mineralogist 72 319-32819870293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.27 Å(6)
3.75 Å(20)
2.94 Å(100)
2.73 Å(6)
2.59 Å(4)
2.44 Å(14)
2.23 Å(20)
2.10 Å(4)
2.04 Å(20)
1.876 Å(10)
1.837 Å(25)
1.814 Å(30)
Comments:
See also ICDD 19-234 (calcian), ICDD 20-225 (magnesian)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Manganiferous sediments
Polymetallic manganese, iron, zinc, etc. deposits

Type Occurrence of KutnohoriteHide

Synonyms of KutnohoriteHide

Other Language Names for KutnohoriteHide

Relationship of Kutnohorite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
MinrecorditeCaZn(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
93 photos of Kutnohorite associated with AragoniteCaCO3
50 photos of Kutnohorite associated with QuartzSiO2
47 photos of Kutnohorite associated with Manganese-bearing Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
36 photos of Kutnohorite associated with RhodochrositeMnCO3
15 photos of Kutnohorite associated with PyriteFeS2
15 photos of Kutnohorite associated with SphaleriteZnS
11 photos of Kutnohorite associated with CalciteCaCO3
9 photos of Kutnohorite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
8 photos of Kutnohorite associated with RhodoniteCaMn3Mn[Si5O15]
8 photos of Kutnohorite associated with Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.AB.05CalciteCaCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05GaspéiteNiCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05MagnesiteMgCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05OtaviteCdCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
5.AB.05RhodochrositeMnCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05SideriteFeCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05SmithsoniteZnCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05SpherocobaltiteCoCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.10AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.10DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.10MinrecorditeCaZn(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.15AragoniteCaCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.AB.15CerussitePbCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.AB.15StrontianiteSrCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.AB.15WitheriteBaCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.AB.20VateriteCaCO3Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.AB.25HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
5.AB.30NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
5.AB.35AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2Tric.
5.AB.40OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
5.AB.40ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2Trig.
5.AB.45BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.AB.50Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2Orth. mm2
5.AB.55BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.60JuangodoyiteNa2Cu(CO3)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

14.2.1.1DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
14.2.1.2AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
14.2.1.4MinrecorditeCaZn(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.12.1RhodochrositeMnCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
11.12.2HoldawayiteMn6(CO3)2(OH)7(Cl,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
11.12.3DesautelsiteMg6Mn3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m)

Fluorescence of KutnohoriteHide

Rarely fluorescent SW

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KutnohoriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bukowsky (1901) Anz. III Congress böhm. Naturfor. und Ärzte, Prague: 293.
Frondel, C. and Bauer, L.H. (1955) Kutnahorite, a manganese dolomite, CaMn(CO3)2. American Mineralogist: 40: 748-760. [http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM40/AM40_748.pdf]
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 217.
Peacor, D.R., Essene, E.J., and Gaines, A.M. (1987) Petrologic and crystal-chemical implications of cation order-disorder in kutnahorite [CaMn(CO3)2]. American Mineralogist: 72: 319-328.
Powder Diffraction: 3: 172-174.
Farkas, L., Bolzenius, B.H., Schäfer, W., and Will, G. (1988) The crystal structure of kutnohorite CaMn(CO3)2. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1988: 539.
Polgári, M., Bajnóczi, B., Götze, J., and Vígh, T. (2007) Cathodoluminescence behaviour of Mn-rich carbonates. Goldschmidt 2007 Conference, 20-24 August, Cologne, Germany, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 71, no. 15., Special Supplement, A801.

Internet Links for KutnohoriteHide

Localities for KutnohoriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca Province
    • Belén Department
      • Farallón Negro
        • Agua de Dionisio mining district (YMAD)
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
Raúl J. Tauber Larry{s collection
  • San Luis Province
    • Coronel Pringles Department
Gallard-Esquivel, M. C., Cepedal, A., Fuertes-Fuente, M., & Martin-Izard, A. (2018) Enrichment in critical metals (In-Ge) and Te-Se in epithermal deposits of the ‘La Carolina’district, San Luis, Argentina. Mineralogical Magazine, 82(S1), S61-S87.
Australia
 
  • Australian Capital Territory
    • Paddys River District
McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
  • New South Wales
    • Inglis Co.
      • Bendemeer
Brown, R.E., Brownlow, J.W., Krynen, J.P. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, Manilla-Narrabri 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-9, SH/55-12. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 319 pages.
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Worner, H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds. Birch, W. D. (et al) (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill, published by Australian Mining & Smelting Limited ISBN 0-909221-18-9
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Kimba
Paul, M. W., Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Anderson, J., & Murray, J. (2015) Preliminary Mineralogical Investigations of the Paris Silver Deposit, Northern Eyre Peninsula, South Australia. Mineral Resources in a Sustainable World • 13th SGA Biennial Meeting 2015. Proceedings, Volume 1
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Rosebery
Large, R. R., Allen, R. L., Blake, M. D., & Herrmann, W. (2001). Hydrothermal alteration and volatile element halos for the Rosebery K lens volcanic-hosted massive sulfide deposit, western Tasmania. Economic Geology, 96(5), 1055-1072.
        • Williamsford
          • Mt Read
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
  • Western Australia
    • Perenjori Shire
      • Mount Mulgine
Mineralogy and Genesis of the Trench Tungsten Deposit, Mt Mulgine, Western Australia; CJR Migisha, RA BOTH; Mineralium Deposita; Vol 26, issue 4, pp247-256 1991.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Hüttenberg
H. Meixner: 32(3):85-97 (1981)
        • Lölling
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Wolfsberg District
      • Bad Sankt Leonhard im Lavanttal
Taucher, J. (1995): Matrixx - Mineralogische Nachrichten aus Österreich 4, 52-56
  • Salzburg
    • Hallein District
      • Abtenau
        • Tennen Mountains
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • St. Johann im Pongau District
      • Bad Gastein
        • Naßfeld valley
Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2000): 1223. Spessartin und Kutnahorit aus dem Bereich der Herzog Ernst Spitze in der Rauris. Pp. 208-209 in Niedermayr, G., F. Bernhard, G. Blass, H.-P. Bojar, F. Brandstätter, H.-W. Graf, B. Leikauf, B. Moser & W. Postl (2000): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XLIX. Carinthia II, 190./110., 181-224.
    • Tamsweg District
      • Tweng
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T. and Bernhard, F. (2015): Ardennite-(As), ardennite-(V), gasparite-(Ce) and chernovite-(Y): first results of a mineralogical study of the metaradiolarite-hosted manganese ore mineralisations in the Fuchssee area, Radstadt Tauern, Salzburg, Austria. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 67.
    • Zell am See District
      • Kaprun
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T., Auer, C. (2019): 2118) Baryt, Calcit, Cobaltit, Friedelit, Kutnohorit, Rhodochrosit, Rhodonit, Siegenit, Sonolith, Spessartin und Tephroit vom Krapfkühkarl, Kapruner Tal, Salzburg. Pp. 270-273 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-362.
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Sankt Barbara im Mürztal
        • Veitsch
          • Kleinveitsch
            • Kaiblinggraben
Gerald Gesselbauer (06.2010)
Bojar, H.-P. (2006)
    • Deutschlandsberg District
      • Schwanberg
        • Glashütten
SEM-EDS, Franz Bernhard, 2007
    • Südoststeiermark District
      • Feldbach
        • Gossendorf
Postl, W., Taucher, J. & Moser, B. (1996): Neue Mineralfunde im oststeirischen Vulkangebiet. Mitt. Abt. Miner. Landesmuseum Joanneum, 60/61: 3-76.
  • Tyrol
    • Innsbruck-Land District
      • Navis
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T., Auer, C. (2019): 2113) Akatoreit(?), Albit, Ardennit-(As), Ardennit-(V), „Ardennit-(Si)“, Baryt, Brandtit(?) (oder unbenanntes Ca2Mn(AsO4)2?), Coelestin, Fluorapatit, Fluorcalcioroméit, Frankdicksonit(?), Friedelit, Ganophyllit(?), Hämatit, Hausmannit, Hollandit, Jacobsit, Klinochlor, Kutnohorit, Manganberzeliit, Manganiandrosit-(La)-Manganiakasakait-(La)-Mischkristalle, Muskovit, Opal(?), Pennantit, Piemontit(?), Pyrobelonit, Pyrophanit, Quarz, Rhodochrosit, Rhodonit, Sarkinit, Schallerit, Spessartin, Svabit, Tephroit, Tilasit und Tiragalloit vom Navisbach, Navistal, Nordtirol. Pp. 251-260 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-362.
BRANDSTÄTTER, F., GRILL, J., NIEDERMAYR, G. & WALTER, F. (2015): 1927) Bementit, Bixbyit, Kutnohorit, Manganberzeliit, Tilasit, Tiragalloit, Todorokit und andere Mineralien von Navis, Tirol. Pp. 232-234 in NIEDERMAYR, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
      • Obernberg am Brenner
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T. & Auer, C. (2018): 2076) Aegirin, Aegirin-Augit, Albit, Baddeleyit, Baryt, Brandtit(?), Braunit, Calcit, Canosioit, Clinosuenoit (ehemals „Manganocummingtonit“), Coelestin, Diaspor, Dolomit, Fluorapatit (As-haltig), Fluorcalcioroméit, Gamagarit, Hämatit, Hausmannit, Hjalmarit, Hollandit, Hydroxycalcioroméit, Klinochlor, Kutnohorit, Mischkristalle Manganiandrosit-(La) - Manganiakasakait-(La), Nambulit, Phlogopit, Piemontit, Pyrobelonit, Sb-haltiger Pyrophanit, Quarz, Ranciéit(?), Rhodochrosit, Rhodonit, Richterit, Rutil, Spessartin, Talk, Thorit, Tremolit, Tilasit, Titanit, Tokyoit, Wakefieldit-(Ce), Wakefieldit-(Y), Zirkon, das Sb-Analogon von Hydroxymanganopyrochlor und unbenanntes LaAsO4 vom Obernberger Tribulaun, Nordtirol - ein erster Bericht über mineralogisch komplexe, linsenförmige metamorphe Manganvererzungen. Pp. 206-213 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
    • Lienz District
      • Kals am Großglockner
Hölblinger, M., Bojar, H.-P., Walter, F., Schachinger, T. (2019): 2116) Calderit, Mn32+ Fe23+ (SiO4)3, aus einer Manganmineralisation vom Romariswandkopf, Glocknergruppe, Osttirol – ein Vorbericht. Pp. 268-269 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-362.
      • Prägraten am Großvenediger
        • Timmelbach valley
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T., Auer, C. (2017): 2026) Albit, Amphibol, Bementit(?), Braunit, ein Mn-Chlorit, As-haltiger Fluorapatit, Galaxit, Hämatit, Hübnerit, Iwakiit(?), Jakobsit, Kalifeldspat, Kutnahorit, Långbanit, Manganoxide, Nickelskutterudit, Pyrophanit, Quarz, Rhodochrosit, Rhodonit, Safflorit, Sarkinit, Sonolith, Spessartin, Tephroit, Uraninit und Zirkon aus Manganvererzungen von der Wunwand (Wunspitze) bei Prägraten, Osttirol. Pp. 241-246 in Walter, F. et al. (2017): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVI. Carinthia II, 207./127., 217-284.
Baltic Sea
 
  • Gotland Deep
Burke, I. T., & Kemp, A. E. (2002). Microfabric analysis of Mn-carbonate laminae deposition and Mn-sulfide formation in the Gotland Deep, Baltic Sea. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 66(9), 1589-1600.
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Hainaut
Van Tassel, R., Scheere, J. (1960) Contribution à la pétrographie des roches carbonatées du Westphalien belge. Bulletin de la Société belge de Géologie, 69, 234.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
    • Liège
Fransolet, A.-M., Mélon, J. (1975) Données nouvelles sur des minéraux de Belgique. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, 44, 157.; Schreyer, W., Fransolet, A.-M., Abraham, K. (1986) A miscibility gap in trioctahedral Mn-Mg-Fe chlorites: evidence from the Lienne Valley, Ardennes, Belgium. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 94, 333.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).; Hatert, F., Blondieau, M., Puccio, S., Baijot, M., Gustine, C. (2014) Le gisement de manganèse de la vallée de la Lienne, Belgique. Le Règne Minéral, 117, 5-28.
      • Stoumont
Fransolet, A.-M., Mélon, J. (1975) Données nouvelles sur des minéraux de Belgique. Bulletin de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège, 44, 157.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
    • Namur
      • Floreffe
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Lafaiete
Cornejo, C; Bartorelli, A. 2010. Minerais e pedras preciosas do Brasil, São Paulo, Solaris Edições Culturais, 442p.
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Poços de Caldas
Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Parauapebas
Rosaline Cristina Figueiredo e Silva, Steffen Hagemann, Lydia Maria Lobato, Carlos Alberto Rosière, David A. Banks, Garry J. Davidson, Torsten Vennemann, Janet Hergt (2013): Hydrothermal Fluid Processes and Evolution of the Giant Serra Norte Jaspilite-Hosted Iron Ore Deposits, Carajás Mineral Province, Brazil. Economic Geology, 108, 739-779.
Bulgaria
 
  • Smolyan Province
    • Madan ore field
Василева, М., Добрев, С., & Дамянов, Ж. (2003) СРАВНИТЕЛНА ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКА НА ЕНДОГЕНЕН КУТНАХОРИТ ОТ НАХОДИЩЕ РИБНИЦА И ЕКЗОГЕНЕН КУТНАХОРИТ ОТ НАХОДИЩЕ КРЕМИКОВЦИ. Comparative Characteristics of Endogenic Kutnahorite from Ribnitsa Deposit and Exogenic Kutnahorite from Kremikovtsi Deposit
  • Sofia City Province
Vassileva, M., Dobrev, S., & Damyanov, Z. (2003). Comparative characteristics of endogenic kutnahorite from Ribnitsa deposit and exogenic kutnahorite from Kremikovtsi deposit. Annual of the University of Mining and Geology ‘St. Ivan Rilski’, Part I. Geology and Geophysics, 46, 195-200.; Василева, М., Добрев, С., & Дамянов, Ж. (2003) СРАВНИТЕЛНА ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКА НА ЕНДОГЕНЕН КУТНАХОРИТ ОТ НАХОДИЩЕ РИБНИЦА И ЕКЗОГЕНЕН КУТНАХОРИТ ОТ НАХОДИЩЕ КРЕМИКОВЦИ. Comparative Characteristics of Endogenic Kutnahorite from Ribnitsa Deposit and Exogenic Kutnahorite from Kremikovtsi Deposit
Burkina Faso
 
  • Sahel Region
    • Oudalan Province
Sattran, V. & Wenmenga, U. (2002): Géologie du Burkina Faso - Geology of Burkina Faso. Czech Geological Survey, 136 pp.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Slocan Mining Division
      • Riondel
Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A. (1977) The Bluebell Mine, Riondel, British Columbia, Canada. The Mineralogical Record 8:1, 33-36.
    • Vernon Mining Division
      • Vernon
www.em.gov.bc.ca/cf/minfile; Simandl, G. J., Hancock, K. D., Callaghan, B., Paradis, S., & Yorke-Hardy, R. (1997). Klinker Precious Opal Deposit, South Central British Columbia, Canada-Field Observations and Potential Deposit-Scale Controls. British Columbia Ministry of Energy and Mines, 321-327.
  • New Brunswick
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Bathurst Parish
Peter, J. M., & Goodfellow, W. D. (1996). Mineralogy, bulk and rare earth element geochemistry of massive sulphide-associated hydrothermal sediments of the Brunswick Horizon, Bathurst Mining Camp, New Brunswick. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 33(2), 252-283.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
KLEIN, C. (1966): Mineralogy and petrology of the metamorphosed Wabush iron formation, southwest Labrador. Journal of Petrology 7, 246-305.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
Sheard, E.R. (2010); Emma R. Sheard, Anthony E. Williams-Jones, Martin Heiligmann, Chris Pederson and David L. Trueman (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists(January 2012), 107(1):81-104; SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; HORVÁTH, L., GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 281-359.
  • Saskatchewan
Shang, Y. (2000). Mineralogy, lithostratigraphy and geochemistry of North Ingebright Lake, Saskatchewan, Canada. PhD thesis University of Manitoba.
Chile
 
  • Atacama
    • Chañaral Province
      • Potrerillos
Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
  • Tarapacá
    • Tamarugal Province
      • Huara
Darío Chinchilla, Lorena Ortega, Rubén Piña, Raúl Merinero, Daniel Moncada, Robert J. Bodnar, Cecilio Quesada, Antonio Valverde, Rosario Lunar (2016): The Patricia Zn–Pb–Ag epithermal ore deposit: An uncommon type of mineralization in northeastern Chile. Ore Geology Reviews 73, 104-126.; Chinchilla, D., Rodriguez Pinzón, A., Piña, R., Ortega, L., Lunar, R., Quesada, C., & Valverde, A. (2013, August). A mineralogical and fluid inclusion study of the Patricia Zn-Pb-Ag Deposit (Paguanta, NE Chile). In 12th SGA biennial meeting–Uppsala, Suecia.
China
 
  • Chongqing
    • Chengkou Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Gongqin Zhang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(7), 10-16
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Xiong Song (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(5), 3-10; Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Xiushan Co.
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
      • Rongxi
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
  • Guangxi
    • Guigang
      • Guiping Co.
Guangxiang Cheng (1984): Geology and Prospecting 20(9), 1-10, 32
    • Wuzhou
      • Cangwu Co.
        • Liubao
Lees, B., S. Behling, D. Misantoni, V. Luders, R. Romer, P. L. Sanchez, P. Cory (2011) The Wutong Mine, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Mineralogical Record 42:521-544.
  • Guizhou
    • Tongren
      • Songtao County
        • Songtao Mn ore field
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
      • Wanshan District
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Yaogangxian W-Sn ore field
Jensen, M. (2009): Mineral News 25(4), 1-11, 14; Ottens, B. (2011): Mineralogical Record 42, 557-603
    • Xiangtan
      • Yuhu District
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Canhui Luo (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(4), 1-6; Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
    • Xiangxi
      • Huayuan Co.
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
    • Yiyang
      • Heshan District
Mengjun Ceng (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(8), 13-18
Ziqiang Wei (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(8), 25-29
      • Taojiang Co.
Mengjun Ceng (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(8), 13-18; Bo Peng, Piestrzynski, A., Pieczonka, J., Meilian Xiao, Yaozhu Wang, Shurong Xie, Xiaoyan Tang, Changxun Yu and Zhi Song (2007): Environmental Geology 52(7), 1277-1296
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Ulanqab City (Wulanchabu Prefecture)
      • Chahar Right Front Banner (Chaha'er Youyi Qianqi)
Wang Chen, Ziying Sun, Guojun Liu, Jinwa Wang, and Jianping Wang (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(1), 26-29
  • Jiangsu
    • Nanjing
      • Qixia District
Caiwen Cai (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(6), 18-23; Zhenmin Xiao, Xiaoshan Guo, Yijun Ou, Qinxing Lu, and Linyuan Xing (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(9), 1-7
  • Liaoning
    • Chaoyang
      • Chaoyang County
Fan, D., Ye, J., and Li, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 31-53.
    • Huludao
      • Jianchang County
        • Bajiazi Zn-Pb-Ag deposit
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
  • Shaanxi
    • Ankang
      • Ziyang County
Gongqin Zhang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(7), 10-16; Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Gongqin Zhang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(7), 10-16; Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Hanzhong
      • Hantai District
Hein, J.R., Fan, D., Ye, J., Liu, T., and Yeh, H.-W. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 95-134.
      • Ningqiang County
Kefa Yang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(7), 25-26; Yeh, H.-W., Hein, J.R., Ye, J., and Fan, D. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 55-69
      • Xixiang County
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
      • Zhenba County
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
  • Sichuan
    • Dazhou
      • Wanyuan Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Leshan
      • Jinkouhe District
Fan, D., Hein, J.R., and Ye, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 135-151.
    • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Heishui Co.
Shengming Lu (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(5), 7, 30-32
    • Ya'an
      • Hanyuan County
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Fan, D., Hein, J.R., and Ye, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 135-151
  • Yunnan
    • Wenshan
      • Yanshan County
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
Colombia
 
  • Santander Department
    • North Soto Province
      • Vetas Municipality
Duarte, A. S., Oro, E., Peres, J. P., & Felder, F. (2012). Resource Estimation of the Móngora Gold-Silver Deposit, Santander Department, Colombia. NI 43-101 Resource Estimation
Croatia
 
  • Šibenik-Knin County
Bilinski, H., Kwokal, Ž., & Branica, M. (1996). Formation of some manganese minerals from ferromanganese factory waste disposed in the Krka River Estuary. Water Research, 30(3), 495-500.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Kutná Hora District
Dobešová, B. (2012). Halda Kaňk: hydrogeochemie pórových vod. Masters Thesis MASARYKOVA UNIVERZITA
NJMM (1988), 539
Pauliš P. Mineralogické lokality okolí Kutné Hory. Kuttna, Kutná Hora 1999. ISBN 80-902719-0-1.
Pažout, R., Sejkora, J., & Šrein, V. (2019). Ag-Pb-Sb Sulfosalts and Se-rich Mineralization of Anthony of Padua Mine near Poličany—Model Example of the Mineralization of Silver Lodes in the Historic Kutná Hora Ag-Pb Ore District, Czech Republic. Minerals, 9(7), 430.
    • Příbram District
      • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
        • Březové Hory deposit
Trdlička Z.: Kutnohorit z Příbrami. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1979, 24, 1, 90.
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Sokolov District
Beran, P., Rojík, P.: Mineralogie a geologie lomu Lomnice v sokolovské hnědouhelné pánvi. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 77-83.
  • Pardubice Region
    • Pardubice District
Prachař, I.: Současný stav výskytu nerostů ve Chvaleticích. Acta musei Reginaehradecensis, série A: vědy přírodní, 1981, roč. XVI., s. 99-102.
Ecuador
 
  • Zamora-Chinchipe Province
Hennessey, B.T., Puritch, E.J., Gowans, R.M., Leary, S.F., (2008) A mineral resource estimate for the Fruta Del Norte deposit, Cordillera del Condor Project, Zamora-Chinchipe Province, Ecuador; an NI 43-101 Technical Report prepared for Kinross Gold Corporation by Micon International Limited, 232p.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Kemijärvi
Hanski, Eero (2002). Suomen geologinen kartta, Geologian Tutkimuskeskus. Kallioperäkartta 3614 Vikajärvi.
France
 
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Haute-Saône
      • Lure
        • Esmoulières
          • Saphoz
Perseil, E. A. (1975) - Nature and mineralogical studies of manganese oxides and carbonates in Faucogney (Haute-Saone). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, D, 280, 1931-1934
Perseil, E. A. (1975) - Nature and mineralogical studies of manganese oxides and carbonates in Faucogney (Haute-Saone). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, D, 280, 1931-1934
    • Nièvre
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 491-493.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 475-478.
      • Saint-Girons
        • Castelnau-Durban
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 475-478.
        • Esplas-de-Sérou
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 475-478.
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Bagnères-de-Bigorre
        • Vielle-Aure
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R., TIXADOR Y., CASTERET A. & GOUJOU JC. (2002) La mine de Coustou, Vielle-Aure, Hautes-Pyrénées. Le Règne Minéral, 47, 23-31. (in french)
Gabon
 
  • Haut-Ogooué Province
    • Léboumbi-Leyou Department
      • Moanda
Econ Geol (1988) 83:93-117
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Aschaffenburg District
        • Sailauf
          • Hartkoppe
Lorenz, J. (1991): Die Mineralien im Rhyolithsteinbruch von Sailauf, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 42, 1-38
  • Lower Saxony
    • Göttingen District
      • Bad Grund
        • Wiemannsbucht
No reference listed
    • Peine District
      • Ilsede
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Oberharz am Brocken
        • Elbingerode
Lapis 2003(2), 13-20
  • Saxony
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Bobritzsch-Hilbersdorf
Grütze, T. (2006): Rauchquarz und Kugelpyrite aus dem Steinbruch Naundorf bei Freiberg/Sachsen. Lapis 31 (12), 16-19.
      • Niederwiesa
        • Bräunsdorf
J Gröbner collection
  • Thuringia
    • Nordhausen District
      • Harztor
        • Ilfeld
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Ghana
 
  • Western Region
    • Tarkwa
Mücke, A., Dzigbodi-Adjimah, K., and Annor, A. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 297-311.; Nyame, F.K., Kase, K., Yamamoto, M. (1998): Spessartine Garnets in a Manganiferous Carbonate Formation from Nsuta, Ghana. Resource Geology; 48, 13-22.
Greece
 
  • Peloponnese
    • Argolis
Φωτιάδης, Α. Δ. (2010). Fe-Mn nodular concretions associated with middle Jurassic oceanic melange (Argolis, Greece). Επιστημονική Επετηρίδα του Τμήματος Γεωλογίας (ΑΠΘ), 99, 323-332.
Hungary
 
  • Pest County
    • Szob District
      • Márianosztra
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
  • Veszprém County
    • Ajka district
      • Úrkút
        • Csárda Hill
Szakáll & Jánosi (1996) The Minerals of Hungary; Polgári, M., Hein, J. R., Németh, T., Pál-Molnár, E., & Vigh, T. (2013). Celadonite and smectite formation in the Úrkút Mn-carbonate ore deposit (Hungary). Sedimentary Geology, 294, 157-163.
India
 
  • Karnataka
    • Kolar District
      • Kolar Gold Fields
Anantha Iyer, G.V. and Narayanan Kutty, T.R. (1975) Curr. Sci., 44, #11, 371-373.
Indonesia
 
  • East Kalimantan Province
Davies, A. G. S. et al. (2008): Economic Geology 103, 717-757.
  • West Java Province
    • Bogor Regency
Milési, J.P., Marcoux, E., Sitorus, T., Simandjuntak, M., Leroy, J., and Bailly, L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 131-149.; Yuningsih, E. T., Matsueda, H., & Rosana, M. F. (2014). Epithermal Gold-Silver Deposits in Western Java, Indonesia: Gold-Silver Selenide-Telluride Mineralization. Indonesian Journal on Geoscience, 1(2), 71-81.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Nus
      • Saint-Barthélemy
• Barresi, A.A., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P., Bracco, R., Bonacina, E. (2005): La miniera di manganese di Varenche (Aosta, Italia nord-occidentale): ardennite, arseniopleite, manganberzeliite, pirofanite, sarkinite, thortveitite, nuovo As-Sc-analogo della metavariscite e altre specie. Micro (località), 2/2005, 81-122.
    • Saint-Marcel
Castello P. (1982) - Il giacimento manganesifero di Praborna (St. Marcel - AO) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Fasc. 3, pp. 87-92 Castello P. (1982) - Il giacimento manganesifero di Praborna (St. Marcel - AO) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Fasc. 3, pp. 87-92 Castello P. (1982) - Il giacimento manganesifero di Praborna (St. Marcel - AO) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Fasc. 3, pp. 87-92
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Ne
Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
Cortesogno, L., Lucchetti, G., Penco, A.M. (1979): Le mineralizzazioni a manganese nei diaspri delle ofioliti liguri: mineralogia e genesi. Rendiconti Società Iitaliana di Mineralogia e Petrologia. 35, 151-197
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
        • Reppia
          • Monte Copello
Redazione (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia Ferrania Club, 19, 3-5.
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta di Vara
probed by Balestra C.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Lanzada
I minerali della provincia di Sondrio Valmalenco, Francessco Bedogné, Attilio Montrasio, Enrico Sciesa pag. 202
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.; Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
      • Torre di Santa Maria
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993): I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Cesana Torinese
Brizio, P., Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010). L'affioramento a Mn, SiO, Fe, S di Roccia Rossa, Cesana, Torino. Micro (località) 1/2010, 313-328
      • Monastero di Lanzo
        • Chiaves
Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G., Airaudi, D. (2010): Primo ritrovamento di caryopilite e kutnohorite in Piemonte: Croce di Chiaves, Ceres, Torino. Micro (UK report) 1/2010, 134-141
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Baselga di Pinè
        • "Le Trote" ("La Trota")
Ferretti, P., Fassina, B. and Rocchetti, I. (2018) Il giacimento manganesifero della miniera Erla (Baselga di Pinè, TN). I minerali e il sito estrattivo. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 42, 4 (4-2018), 246-261.
  • Tuscany
    • Arezzo Province
      • Bucine
Bini, S., and Menchetti, S. (1985) Kutnohorite from Levane, Upper Valdarno (Italy). Periodico di Mineralogia, 54, 61-66; Rosaspina, C. (1989) Prima segnalazione di kutnohorite italiana presso Levane (Valdarno superiore). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 13, 1 (1-1989), 68; Brizzi, G., Meli, R., and Olmi, F. (1991) I minerali dei sedimenti del Valdarno superiore. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 14, 2 (2-1991), 75-90; Corazza, M., Pratesi, G., and Braga, R. (1994) Minerals of the upper Arno River Valley, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record, 25, 293–299.
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
Dini, A., Orlandi, P. & Vezzoni, S. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 28-39.; Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
      • Rosignano Marittimo
Lenzi, A. (1996): La melanoflogite di località Fortullino. Informatore. Giornale del Museo di Storia Naturale Rosignano Solvay, 1, 10-13.
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Fivizzano
Mancini, S. (2000) Le mineralizzazioni a manganese delle Alpi Apuane. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Recoaro Terme
Gianfranco Capolupi's found. Analized by Gunter Blass (Eschweiler) Germany Cod. ( MB0810 )
Japan
 
  • Ehime Prefecture
    • Nishiuwa District
      • Ikata (Sadamisaki Peninsula)
www.issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp/labs/mdcl/lab/denken/wordpress/?page_id=803
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Hiyama Subprefecture
      • Hiyama District
        • Kaminokuni
Nambu et al (1979) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi (JAMP), 74, 406-412.; Hariya, Yu; Hasegawa, Kiyoshi (1979) Contact Metasomatic Zone and Massive Ore Body in Manganese Epithermal Deposits of the Jokoku Mine, Hokkaido, Japan. Jour. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. IV, vol. 19, nos. 1-2, March, 1979, pp. 265-272.
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Karumai
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Kuzumaki
Tanida, K. & Kitamura, T. (1982) Mineralogy and thermal transformation of kutnahorite from Fujikura mine, Iwate Prefecture, with the subsolidus relation of system CaO-manganese oxide…. J. Japan Ass. Min. Petr. & Economic Geology, 77, 227-234
    • Shimohei District
      • Yamada-machi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Nagano Prefecture
    • Matsumoto City
Ohe Rikosha specimens
      • Hata
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Oita Prefecture
    • Bungo-Ono City
Kiyoshi Kiikuni (Keys Minerals) specimen; Shimizu, M. et al. (1992) "Potosiite and incaite from the Hoei Mine, Japan", Mineralogy and Petrology, 46, 2, 155-161; Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
  • Yamagata Prefecture
    • Yonezawa City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
Jordan
 
  • Amman Governorate
Pitty, A. F., & Alexander, W. R. (2010). A natural analogue study of cement buffered, hyperalkaline groundwaters and their interaction with a repository host rock IV: an examination of the Khushaym Matruk (central Jordan) and Maqarin (northern Jordan) sites. NDA-RWMD Technical Report, NDA, Moors Row, UK.
  • Irbid Governorate
    • Maqarin area
Khoury, H. N., Salameh, E., & Abdul-Jaber, Q. (1985). Characteristics of an unusual highly alkaline water from the Maqarin area, northern Jordan. Journal of Hydrology, 81(1), 79-91.
  • Ma'an Governorate
    • Wadi Arabah
Qatar Univ. Sci. J. 21:101-117.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Kostanay Region
    • Kamysty
A. Kasatkin data
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Aquiles Serdán Municipality
      • Santa Eulalia Mining District
        • West Camp
          • Francisco Portillo
Panczner (1987):94-366.
  • Guerrero
    • Taxco de Alarcón
Leon Hupperichs Collection
  • Hidalgo
    • Molango Municipality
      • Otongo
Econ Geol (1988) 83:93-117
Panczner(1987): 248.
Panczner (1987): 248.; Econ Geol (1988) 83:93-117
  • Mexico
    • Temascaltepec Municipality
      • Temascaltepec de González (Temascaltepec)
Camprubi, A., Canals, A., Cardellach, E., Prol-Ledesma, R.M., Rivera, R., 2001, The La Guitarra Ag-Au low-sulfidation epithermal deposit, Temascaltepec district, Mexico: vein structure, mineralogy, and sulfide-sulfosalt chemistry. Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication, v. 8, p. 133-158.
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
  • ǁKaras Region
    • Oranjemund
      • Rosh Pinah
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 395 pp. (in English)
New Zealand
 
  • Otago Region
    • Clutha District
Sameshima, T., Kawachi, Y. (1991) Coombsite, Mn analogue of zussmanite, and associated Mn-silicates, parsettensite and caryopilite, from southeast Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 34:3, 329-335.
Pacific Ocean
 
  • Sea of Okhotsk
    • Deryugin basin
Astakhov, A. S., Tiedemann, R., Murdmaa, I. O., Bogdanova, O. Y., Mozherovsky, A. V., & Sereda, N. A. (2006). Manganese carbonates in the upper Quaternary sediments of the Deryugin Basin (Sea of Okhotsk). Oceanology, 46(5), 716-729.
Peru
 
  • Áncash
    • Bolognesi Province
Bill & Diana Dameron Collection
  • Arequipa
    • Castilla Province
      • Shila-Paula District
Chauvet, A., Bailly, L., André, A.-S., Monié, P., Cassard, D., Tajada, F.L., Vargas, J.R., and Tuduri, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 387-410.
  • Lima
    • Oyon Province
Economic Geology November 1990 v. 85 no. 7 p. 1348-1383; Vizquerra Benavides, J.A. (2006): Preliminary geochemical, petrological and mineralogical investigation of the high-grade Ag-Pb-Zn Pozo-Rico, Uchucchacua, Peru. Unpublished masters thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada, 205 pp.
  • Pasco
    • Pasco province
      • Cerro de Pasco
        • Atacocha mining district
Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jawor County
      • Gmina Bolków
        • Radzimowice
          • Stara Góra deposit
1. R. Siuda, 2001 : New sulphate minerals from the Stara Góra oxidised zone, Radzimowice, Kaczawskie Mts., Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, vol 18, 186-188
    • Wrocław County
      • Gmina Kobierzyce
Ł. Kruszewski PXRD & pXRF data (paper in preparation)
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie County
      • Gmina Ząbkowice Śląskie
        • Szklary
Ł. Kruszewski PXRD & pXRF data (paper in preparation)
Romania
 
  • Maramureș
    • Cavnic
Marias Francisc, 2005, Metallogeny of the Baia Mare Mining District-an approach based on the Cavnic hydrothermal systems in the world, Ed. Cornelius, 2005, p.284.
Grancea, L., Bailly, L., Leroy, J., Banks, D., Marcoux, E., Milesi, J.-P., Cuney, M., André-Mayer, A.-S., Istvan, D., Fabre, C. (2002) Fluid evolution in the Baia Mare epithermal gold/polymetallic district, Inner Carpathians, Romania. Mineralium Deposita. 37(6-7), 630-647.; Hîrtopanu, P., Andersen, J., Hârtopanu, I., & Udubaşa, S. Ilvaite From The Cavnic Deposit, Romania. pp62-65
    • Târgu Lăpuș
Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
        • Tolovanu
Udubașa, G., Ďud'a, R., Szakáll, S., Kvasnytsya, V., Koszowska, E., Novák, M. (2002): Minerals of the Carpathians (Szakáll, S., ed.). Granit, Prague, Czech Rep., 482 pp. Hîrtopanu, P. (1997): Tolovanu manganese mine. In: Nedelcu, L., Moga, C., Podasca, I., Hirtopanu, P. (Eds.), Crystalline zone of the East Carpathians (Northern Bistrița Mts.): Structure, lithostratigraphy, metamorphism and metallogeny. Valea Putnei-Valea Bistriței. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy: 78 (Suppl. 2): 25-34
Russia
 
  • Bashkortostan
    • Sibay
Brusnitsyn, A.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(3), 193-214.
  • Crimea
    • Alushta
Alexander I. Tischenko (1996). Minerals of the Crimea - World of stones, 1996, #9, p. 9-18
    • Kerch Peninsula
      • Bondarenkovo Village area
        • Bulganak mud volcano field
Sokol, E., Kokh, S., Kozmenko, O., Novikova, S., Khvorov, P., Nigmatulina, E., ... & Kirillov, M. (2018) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Mud Volcanic Ejecta: A New Look at Old Issues (A Case Study from the Bulganak Field, Northern Black Sea). Minerals, 8(8), 344.
      • Kerchenskyi (Fe)-ore basin
        • Kerchenskoe deposit
Arbuzov V.A. et al. (1967) Kerch Iron-Ore Basin (Kerchenskii Zhelezorydny Bassein)/ - Moscow:Nedra. - 576 h/ (Rus.)
Nikita V. Chukanov. Minerals of the Kerch Iron-Ore Basin in Eastern Crimea. Ocean Pictures Ltd., Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 8, 2005. P. 95.
  • Kemerovo Oblast
Kuleshov, V.N., and Bych, A.F. (2002): Lithology and Mineral Resources 37(4), 330-343.
  • Khakassia
    • Askizsky Rayon
      • Askiz ore district
Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
  • Murmansk Oblast
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Zaitsev, A.N. (1996): Rhombohedral carbonates from carbonatites of the Khibina massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 34, 453-468; Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (1998): REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, paragenesis and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 225-250; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
    • Northern Karelia
      • Vuoriyarvi alkaline-ultrabasic massif
Kozlov, E.; Fomina, E.; Sidorov, M.; Shilovskikh, V.; Bocharov, V.; Chernyavsky, A.; Huber, M. (2020) The Petyayan-Vara Carbonatite-Hosted Rare Earth Deposit (Vuoriyarvi, NW Russia): Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Minerals 10, 73.
  • Orenburg Oblast
    • Orsk
      • Khalilovskii District
        • Khabarninskii massif
Sharkov, A.A. (2009): Lithology and Mineral Resources 44(1), 19-35.
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
Mineralogical Record: 32: 8.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Tyry River
Bortnikov, N.S., Gamyanin, G.N., Vikent’eva, O.V., Prokof’ev, V.Y., lpatov, V.A., and Bakharev, A.G. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(2), 87-128.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Yekaterinburg
      • Sedel'nikovo
Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
  • Tyumen Oblast
Brusnitsyn, A. I., Kuleshov, V. N., Perova, E. N., & Zaitsev, A. N. (2017). Ferromanganese carbonate metasediments of the Sob area, Polar Urals: Bedding conditions, composition, and genesis. Lithology and Mineral Resources, 52(3), 192-213.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Vershino-Darasunskiy
Spiridonov, E. M., Krivitskaya, N. N., Bryzgalov, I. A., Kulikova, I. M., & Gorodetskaya, M. D. (2010, December). Bismuth-rich aurostibite: A product of maldonite replacement in a volcanogenic-plutonogenic Darasun deposit (Eastern Transbaikalia). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 435, No. 2, pp. 1611-1613). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mecca Region
    • Jiddah (Jeddah)
Matzko, J. J., Evans, H. T., Jr., Mrose, M. E. and Aruscavage, P. (1985) Abhurite, a new tin hydroxychloride mineral, and a comparative study with a synthetic basic tin chloride. Canadian Mineralogist. 23, 233-240
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica District
    • Revúca District
      • Chyžné
Bálintová T., Ozdín D.,2006:Sulphosalts from Chyžné-Herichová in the Western Carpathians (Slovakia). Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.8
    • Rimavská Sobota District
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Bratislava Region
    • Malacky District
      • Jablonové
Šoltés S., Rojkovič I., 2003: Manganese mineralization in the Toarcian Mariatal shales (Malé Karpáty Mts.), Slovakia. Acta Iniv. Palackianae Olomuc., Geologica, 38, 23 -31
      • Lozorno
Šoltés S., Rojkovič I., 2003: Manganese mineralization in the Toarcian Mariatal shales (Malé Karpáty Mts.), Slovakia. Acta Iniv. Palackianae Olomuc., Geologica, 38, 23 -31
      • Stupava
Šoltés S., Rojkovič I., 2003: Manganese mineralization in the Toarcian Mariatal shales (Malé Karpáty Mts.), Slovakia. Acta Iniv. Palackianae Olomuc., Geologica, 38, 23 -31
Šoltés S., Rojkovič I., 2003: Manganese mineralization in the Toarcian Mariatal shales (Malé Karpáty Mts.), Slovakia. Acta Iniv. Palackianae Olomuc., Geologica, 38, 23 -31
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava District
      • Čučma
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš District
Ozdin D., Chovan M., 1999: New mineralogical and paragenetic knowledge about siderite veins in the vicinity of Vyšná Boca, Nízke Tatry Mts. Slov. Geol. Magazine, Bratislava, 5, 4, 255-271
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Beukes, N. J., Burger, A. M., & Gutzmer, J. (1995). Fault-controlled hydrothermal alteration of Palaeoproterozoic manganese ore in Wessels Mine, Kalahari manganese field. South African Journal of Geology, 98(4), 430-451.
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Econ Geol (1987) 82:706-718
Preston, P. C. C. R. (2009). Physical and chemical characterization of the manganese ore bed at the Mamatwan mine, Kalahari manganese field (Doctoral dissertation).
South Korea
 
  • North Gyeongsang Province
    • Bonghwa County
Imai, N., Lee, H. K., Sakai, T., & Park, N. Y. (1982). Bournonite from the Janggun mine, Republic of Korea-Contributions to the knowledge of ore-forming minerals in the Janggun lead-zinc-silver ores (1). The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 77(9), 310-321.
Sweden
 
  • Örebro County
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
No reference listed
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
      • Långban Ore District
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
  • Västra Götaland County
    • Åmål
Mofjell, Erik (1990):Mineralnytt från Sverige. STEIN 17(4),38
Switzerland
 
  • Aargau
    • Brugg
      • Auenstein
Natalia Efimenko, Jens Schneider, Jorge E. Spangenberg, Massimo Chiaradia, Thierry Adatte, Karl B. Föllmi (2014): Formation and age of sphalerite mineralization in carbonate rocks of Bajocian age in the Swiss Jura Mountains: evidence of Mesozoic hydrothermal activity. International Journal of Earth Sciences 103, 1059-1082.
  • Grisons
    • Albula Region
      • Surses
        • Tinizong (Tinzen)
[MinRec 32:211]
    • Maloja Region
      • Bregaglia
        • Val Bregaglia
          • Maroz Valley
Wenk, H.R. & Maurizio, R. (1978): Kutnahorite, a rare Mn mineral from Piz Cam (Bergell Alps). Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen 58, 97-100.; Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 244.; Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
    • Viamala Region
      • Ferrera
        • Ausserferrera
Brugger, J., Berlepsch, P. (1996) Description and crystal structure of fianelite, Mn2V(V,As)O7.2H2O, a new mineral from Fianel, Val Ferrera, Graubünden, Switzerland. American Mineralogist: 81: 1270-1276.
Brugger, J., Berlepsch, P. (1997): Johninnesite Na2(Mn)9(Mn,Mg)7(AsO4)2(Si6O17)2(OH)8: a new occurrence in Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland): Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt., 77, 449-455.
        • Starlera Valley
Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
      • Rheinwald
        • Splügen
Probed by N. Meisser as associated mineral in the specimen of coralloite (ex coll. F. Vanini)
  • Valais
    • Leuk
      • Turtmann-Unterems
        • Turtmann Valley
          • Pipjitälli
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 399.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Taiwan
 
  • New Taipei City
    • Jui-Fang Town
Yuan Wang; Natural Solid Solution Of CaCO3-MnCO3 from the Chiufen Mine, Taipei-hsien, Taiwan
Turkey
 
  • Adana Province
    • Ceyhan District
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
  • Antalya Province
    • Kaş
Basciano L C , Peterson R C , Roeder P L , (1998) Description of schoenfliesite, MgSn(OH)6, and roxbyite, Cu1.72S, from a 1375 BC shipwreck, and rietveld neutron-diffraction refinement of synthetic schoenfliesite, wickmanite, MnSn(OH)6, and burtite, CaSn(OH)6, The Canadian Mineralogist , 36:1203-1210
  • Denizli Province
    • Kale
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
  • Istanbul Province
    • Binkiliç
Öztürk, H., and Frakes, L.A. (1995): Ore Geology Reviews 10, 117-131.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa Mining District
        • Aravaipa
          • Landsman Camp (Landsman group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 245; Reiter, B.E. (1981), Controls on lead-zinc skarn mineralization, Iron Cap mine area, Aravaipa district, Graham Co., AZ, in C. Stone and J.P. Jenney (editors), AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 13: 117-125; Wilson, W.E. (1988), The Iron Cap Mine, Min.Rec.: 19(2): 81-87.
    • Mohave County
      • Owens Mining District
Specimens collected on March 10, 2012 by Jerry A. Baird
  • Arkansas
J. Michael Howard (2007) Mineral Species of Arkansas: Arkansas Geological Commission Bulletin 23
  • California
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Laytonville
Chesterman, C.W. (1966b), Mineralogy of the Laytonville quarry, Mendocino County, California, in: Geology of Northern California: California Division Mines & Geol. Bulletin 190: 506; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 221.; Robert Muir Wood (1982) The Laytonville Quarry (Mendocino County California) Exotic Block: Iron-rich Blueschist-Facies Subduction-Zone Metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 45:87-99.
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Black Wonder Mining District
        • Sugarloaf Mountain
Erd, R.C. and Y. Ohashi (1981) Santaclaraite, a new manganese silicate from California, American Mineralogist; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414; American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 200-206.
  • Colorado
    • Eagle Co.
      • Gilman Mining District (Battle Mountain Mining District; Red Cliff Mining District)
        • Gilman
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Mineral Co.
      • Creede Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Foley, N. K.; Caddey, S. W.; Byington, C. B.; Vardiman, D. M. (1993) Mineralogy, mineral chemistry, and paragenesis of gold, silver, and base-metal ores of the North Amethyst vein system, San Juan Mountains, Mineral County, Colorado. USGS Professional Paper: 1537
    • Ouray Co.
      • Ouray Mining District
        • Ouray
          • Sneffels Mining District (Sneffels - Red Mountain Mining District; Mount Sneffels Mining District)
            • Camp Bird
Rocks & Min.:65:114-149 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9 & 64:140-141 + Min.Rec.:20(5):388).
Rocks & Min. (2009):84:414-425.
            • Yankee Boy Basin
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Park Co.
      • Alma Mining District
        • Mount Bross
Min News 20:9 pp1,3,10,11
    • San Juan Co.
      • Eureka Mining District
        • Gladstone
          • Bonita Peak
Rocks & Min.: 63: 366-384.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Januzzi (1976) p. 229, 235; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Plainfield
Dunn, P. J. (1976). On gem rhodonite from Massachusetts (J. Gemm 15(2): 76-80.)
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
      • Champion
Rocks & Min.:58:111 & 61:328.
      • Republic
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Minnesota
    • Crow Wing Co.
      • Cuyuna North Range
Allen Lundgren collection
        • Portsmouth group
Allen Lundgren collection
    • Stearns Co.
Journal of Paleolimnology 24: 199–211, 2000.
  • Missouri
    • Jackson Co.
Rocks & Min., March 1998.
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Lewis Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
Dunn (1995) p. 617
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Frondel, C.: Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ - a checklist (1972); Peacor, D. R., Essene, E. J., Gaines, A. M. (1987): Petrologic and crystal-chemical implications of cation order-disorder in kutnahorite [CaMn(CO3)2]. American Mineralogist 72, 319-328.; Dunn(1995):Pt4:617.
  • North Carolina
    • Alleghany Co.
      • Sparta
        • Bald Knob
Rocks & Min.: 60:130-135; Peacor, D. R., Essene, E. J., Gaines, A. M. (1987): Petrologic and crystal-chemical implications of cation order-disorder in kutnahorite [CaMn(CO3)2]. American Mineralogist 72, 319-328.
    • Lee Co.
      • Moncure
Korbel, P. & Novák. M. (1999): The Complete Encyclopedia Of Minerals. Chartwell, 1999. 296 p Smithsonian institution Mineral Reference Collection No. 162725-00 and 162726-00.
  • Oregon
    • Deschutes Co.
      • East Lake
Bargar, Keith E. and Keith, Terry E.C. (1986) Hydrothermal Mineralization in GEO N-l Drillhole, Newberry Volcano, Oregon. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 86-440.; Bargar, Keith E. and Keith, Terry E.C. (1999) Geothermal Drillholes at Newberry Volcano. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 1578.
  • South Dakota
    • Brule Co.
Econ Geol (1988) 83:93-117
  • Virginia
    • Pittsylvania Co.
      • James River-Roanoke River Mn-Fe-Ba Mining District
AmMin 88:740-747 (2003)
  • Wisconsin
    • Iron Co.
      • Gogebic Range
        • Montreal
Robinson, G. & G. LaBerge (2013) Minerals of the Lake Superior Iron Ranges: A. E. Seaman Mineral Museum: Michigan Technological University, 52 p.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat Discussions Facebook Logo Instagram Logo Discord Logo
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2020, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: December 2, 2020 13:30:16 Page generated: November 28, 2020 22:08:58
Go to top of page