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Kutnohorite

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Formula:
CaMn2+(CO3)2
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
White, pale rose, pink, ...
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1901 by Antonín Bukovský for the type locality - Kutna Hora, Bohemia, Czech Republic.

Classification of Kutnohorite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.AB.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
B : Alkali-earth (and other M2+) carbonates
14.2.1.3

14 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
2 : AB(XO3)2
11.12.4

11 : Carbonates
12 : Carbonates of Mn

Physical Properties of Kutnohorite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
White, pale rose, pink, light to medium brown
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
3½ - 4
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {1011}
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.12 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.15 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Kutnohorite

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.710 - 1.727 nε = 1.519 - 1.535
Birefringence:
0.191
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.191 - 0.192
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Optical Extinction:
Parallel

Chemical Properties of Kutnohorite

IMA Formula:
CaMn2+(CO3)2
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Kutnohorite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 - Rhombohedral
Space Group:
R3
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.8518(3) Å, c = 16.217(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.342
Unit Cell Volume:
V 330.60 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Polycrystalline spherules
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.27 (6)
3.75 (20)
2.94 (100)
2.73 (6)
2.59 (4)
2.44 (14)
2.23 (20)
2.10 (4)
2.04 (20)
1.876 (10)
1.837 (25)
1.814 (30)
Comments:
See also ICDD 19-234 (calcian), ICDD 20-225 (magnesian)

Occurrences of Kutnohorite

Type Occurrence of Kutnohorite

Relationship of Kutnohorite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Ankerite (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
MinrecorditeCaZn(CO3)2
NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
5.AB.05CalciteCaCO3
5.AB.05GaspéiteNiCO3
5.AB.05MagnesiteMgCO3
5.AB.05OtaviteCdCO3
5.AB.05RhodochrositeMnCO3
5.AB.05SideriteFeCO3
5.AB.05SmithsoniteZnCO3
5.AB.05SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
5.AB.10AnkeriteCaFe2+(CO3)2
5.AB.10DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
5.AB.10MinrecorditeCaZn(CO3)2
5.AB.15AragoniteCaCO3
5.AB.15CerussitePbCO3
5.AB.15StrontianiteSrCO3
5.AB.15WitheriteBaCO3
5.AB.20VateriteCaCO3
5.AB.25HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
5.AB.30NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
5.AB.35AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
5.AB.40OlekminskiteSr2(CO3)2
5.AB.40ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
5.AB.45BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
5.AB.50Carbocernaite(Sr,Ce,La)(Ca,Na)(CO3)2
5.AB.55BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13
5.AB.60JuangodoyiteNa2Cu(CO3)2
11.12.1RhodochrositeMnCO3
11.12.2HoldawayiteMn62+(CO3)2(OH)7(Cl,OH)
11.12.3DesautelsiteMg6Mn23+CO3(OH)16 · 4H2O

Other Names for Kutnohorite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Rarely fluorescent SW
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Kutnohorite

Reference List:
Bukowsky (1901) Anz. III Congress böhm. Naturfor. und Ärzte, Prague: 293.

Frondel, C., Bauer, L.H. (1955) Kutnahorite, a manganese dolomite, CaMn(CO3)2. American Mineralogist: 40: 748-760.

Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 217.

Peacor, D.R., Essene, E.J., Gaines, A.M. (1987) Petrologic and crystal-chemical implications of cation order-disorder in kutnahorite [CaMn(CO3)2]. American Mineralogist: 72: 319-328.

Powder Diffraction: 3: 172-174.

Farkas, L., Bolzenius, B.H., Schäfer, W., Will, G. (1988) The crystal structure of kutnohorite CaMn(CO3)2. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1988: 539.

Polgári, M., Bajnóczi, B., Götze, J. & Vígh, T. (2007): Cathodoluminescence behaviour of Mn-rich carbonates. Goldschmidt 2007 Conference, 20-24 August, Cologne, Germany, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 71, no. 15., Special Supplement, A801.

Internet Links for Kutnohorite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-2299.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Kutnohorite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Kutnohorite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Belén Department
      • Farallón Negro
        • Agua de Dionisio mining district (YMAD)
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
Raúl J. Tauber Larry{s collection
Australia
 
  • Australian Capital Territory
    • Brindabella Range
      • Cotter River
McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
Worner, H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds. Birch, W. D. (et al) (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill, published by Australian Mining & Smelting Limited ISBN 0-909221-18-9
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Rosebery
Large, R. R., Allen, R. L., Blake, M. D., & Herrmann, W. (2001). Hydrothermal alteration and volatile element halos for the Rosebery K lens volcanic-hosted massive sulfide deposit, western Tasmania. Economic Geology, 96(5), 1055-1072.
        • Williamsford
          • Mt Read
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
  • Western Australia
    • Perenjori Shire
      • Mount Mulgine
Mineralogy and Genesis of the Trench Tungsten Deposit, Mt Mulgine, Western Australia; CJR Migisha, RA BOTH; Mineralium Deposita; Vol 26, issue 4, pp247-256 1991.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
H. Meixner: 32(3):85-97 (1981)
        • Lölling
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Packalpe
      • Bad St Leonhard
Taucher, J. (1995): Matrixx - Mineralogische Nachrichten aus Österreich 4, 52-56
  • Salzburg
    • Abtenau
      • Tennen Mts
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Gastein valley
        • Naßfeld valley
Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (2000): 1223. Spessartin und Kutnahorit aus dem Bereich der Herzog Ernst Spitze in der Rauris. Pp. 208-209 in Niedermayr, G., F. Bernhard, G. Blass, H.-P. Bojar, F. Brandstätter, H.-W. Graf, B. Leikauf, B. Moser & W. Postl (2000): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XLIX. Carinthia II, 190./110., 181-224.
    • Lungau
      • Taurach valley
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T. and Bernhard, F. (2015): Ardennite-(As), ardennite-(V), gasparite-(Ce) and chernovite-(Y): first results of a mineralogical study of the metaradiolarite-hosted manganese ore mineralisations in the Fuchssee area, Radstadt Tauern, Salzburg, Austria. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 67.
  • Styria
    • Koralpe
      • Deutschlandsberg
        • Glashütten
SEM-EDS, Franz Bernhard, 2007
    • Mitterdorf
      • Veitsch
        • Kleinveitsch
          • Kaiblinggraben
Gerald Gesselbauer (06.2010)
Bojar, H.-P. (2006)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Sill valley (Wipp valley)
        • Navis valley
          • Navis
BRANDSTÄTTER, F., GRILL, J., NIEDERMAYR, G. & WALTER, F. (2015): 1927) Bementit, Bixbyit, Kutnohorit, Manganberzeliit, Tilasit, Tiragalloit, Todorokit und andere Mineralien von Navis, Tirol. Pp. 232-234 in NIEDERMAYR, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Stavelot Massif
Hatert, F., Blondieau, M., Puccio, S., Baijot, M. et Gustine, C. (2014) - Le gisement de manganèse de la vallée de la Lienne, Belgique. Le Règne Minéral, 117, pp. 5-28, editions du Piat.
        • Stoumont
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Lafaiete
Cornejo, C; Bartorelli, A. 2010. Minerais e pedras preciosas do Brasil, São Paulo, Solaris Edições Culturais, 442p.
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Poços de Caldas
Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Altamira
Rosaline Cristina Figueiredo e Silva, Steffen Hagemann, Lydia Maria Lobato, Carlos Alberto Rosière, David A. Banks, Garry J. Davidson, Torsten Vennemann, Janet Hergt (2013): Hydrothermal Fluid Processes and Evolution of the Giant Serra Norte Jaspilite-Hosted Iron Ore Deposits, Carajás Mineral Province, Brazil. Economic Geology, 108, 739-779.
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
Vassileva, M., Dobrev, S., & Damyanov, Z. (2003). Comparative characteristics of endogenic kutnahorite from Ribnitsa deposit and exogenic kutnahorite from Kremikovtsi deposit. Annual of the University of Mining and Geology ‘St. Ivan Rilski’, Part I. Geology and Geophysics, 46, 195-200.
Burkina Faso
 
  • Centre-Nord Region
Sattran, V. & Wenmenga, U. (2002): Géologie du Burkina Faso - Geology of Burkina Faso. Czech Geological Survey, 136 pp.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Slocan Mining Division
      • Riondel
Min Rec (1977) 8:34-36
    • Vernon Mining Division
      • Vernon
www.em.gov.bc.ca/cf/minfile; Simandl, G. J., Hancock, K. D., Callaghan, B., Paradis, S., & Yorke-Hardy, R. (1997). Klinker Precious Opal Deposit, South Central British Columbia, Canada-Field Observations and Potential Deposit-Scale Controls. British Columbia Ministry of Energy and Mines, 321-327.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
KLEIN, C. (1966): Mineralogy and petrology of the metamorphosed Wabush iron formation, southwest Labrador. Journal of Petrology 7, 246-305.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
Sheard, E.R. (2010); Emma R. Sheard, Anthony E. Williams-Jones, Martin Heiligmann, Chris Pederson and David L. Trueman (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists(January 2012), 107(1):81-104; SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • Diego de Almagro
        • Potrerillos
Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
Darío Chinchilla, Lorena Ortega, Rubén Piña, Raúl Merinero, Daniel Moncada, Robert J. Bodnar, Cecilio Quesada, Antonio Valverde, Rosario Lunar (2016): The Patricia Zn–Pb–Ag epithermal ore deposit: An uncommon type of mineralization in northeastern Chile. Ore Geology Reviews 73, 104-126.
China
 
  • Chongqing Municipality
    • Chengkou Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Gongqin Zhang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(7), 10-16
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Xiong Song (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(5), 3-10; Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Xiushan Co.
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
      • Rongxi
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Guigang Prefecture
      • Guiping Co.
Guangxiang Cheng (1984): Geology and Prospecting 20(9), 1-10, 32
    • Wuzhou Prefecture
      • Cangwu Co.
        • Liubao
Lees, B., S. Behling, D. Misantoni, V. Luders, R. Romer, P. L. Sanchez, P. Cory (2011) The Wutong Mine, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. Mineralogical Record 42:521-544.
  • Guizhou Province
    • Tongren Prefecture
      • Songtao Co.
        • Songtao Mn ore field
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
      • Wanshan District
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Yaogangxian W-Sn ore field
Jensen, M. (2009): Mineral News 25(4), 1-11, 14; Ottens, B. (2011): Mineralogical Record 42, 557-603
    • Xiangtan Prefecture
      • Yuhu District
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Canhui Luo (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(4), 1-6; Varentsov, I.M. (1996): Manganese ores of supergene zone: Geochemistry of formation. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg, New York), 342 pp.
    • Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Huayuan Co.
Qi Zhou, Yuansheng Du, and Ying Qin (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(3), 457-466
    • Yiyang Prefecture
      • Heshan District
Mengjun Ceng (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(8), 13-18
Ziqiang Wei (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(8), 25-29
      • Taojiang Co.
Mengjun Ceng (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(8), 13-18; Bo Peng, Piestrzynski, A., Pieczonka, J., Meilian Xiao, Yaozhu Wang, Shurong Xie, Xiaoyan Tang, Changxun Yu and Zhi Song (2007): Environmental Geology 52(7), 1277-1296
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ulaan Chab League (Wulanchabu Prefecture)
      • Chahar Right Front Banner (Chaha'er Youyi Qianqi)
Wang Chen, Ziying Sun, Guojun Liu, Jinwa Wang, and Jianping Wang (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(1), 26-29
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Nanjing Prefecture
      • Qixia District
Caiwen Cai (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(6), 18-23; Zhenmin Xiao, Xiaoshan Guo, Yijun Ou, Qinxing Lu, and Linyuan Xing (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(9), 1-7
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Chaoyang Prefecture
      • Chaoyang Co.
Fan, D., Ye, J., and Li, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 31-53.
    • Huludao Prefecture
      • Jianchang Co.
        • Bajiazi Zn-Pb-Ag deposit
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Ankang Prefecture
      • Ziyang Co.
Gongqin Zhang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(7), 10-16; Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Gongqin Zhang (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(7), 10-16; Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Hantai District
Hein, J.R., Fan, D., Ye, J., Liu, T., and Yeh, H.-W. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 95-134.
      • Ningqiang Co.
Kefa Yang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(7), 25-26; Yeh, H.-W., Hein, J.R., Ye, J., and Fan, D. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 55-69
      • Xixiang Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
      • Zhenba Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
  • Sichuan Province
    • Dazhou Prefecture
      • Wanyuan Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Leshan Prefecture
      • Jinkouhe District
Fan, D., Hein, J.R., and Ye, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 135-151.
    • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Heishui Co.
Shengming Lu (1988): Geology and Prospecting 24(5), 7, 30-32
    • Ya'an Prefecture
      • Hanyuan Co.
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40; Fan, D., Hein, J.R., and Ye, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 135-151
  • Yunnan Province
    • Wenshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Yanshan Co.
Jiuling Zhang (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 26-40
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
Dobešová, B. (2012). Halda Kaňk: hydrogeochemie pórových vod. Masters Thesis MASARYKOVA UNIVERZITA
NJMM (1988), 539
Pauliš P. Mineralogické lokality okolí Kutné Hory. Kuttna, Kutná Hora 1999. ISBN 80-902719-0-1.
      • Příbram
        • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
          • Březové Hory deposit
Trdlička Z.: Kutnohorit z Příbrami. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1979, 24, 1, 90.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Sokolov (Falkenau an der Eger)
Beran, P., Rojík, P.: Mineralogie a geologie lomu Lomnice v sokolovské hnědouhelné pánvi. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 77-83.
    • Pardubice Region
Prachař, I.: Současný stav výskytu nerostů ve Chvaleticích. Acta musei Reginaehradecensis, série A: vědy přírodní, 1981, roč. XVI., s. 99-102.
Ecuador
 
  • Zamora-Chinchipe Province
Hennessey, B.T., Puritch, E.J., Gowans, R.M., Leary, S.F., (2008) A mineral resource estimate for the Fruta Del Norte deposit, Cordillera del Condor Project, Zamora-Chinchipe Province, Ecuador; an NI 43-101 Technical Report prepared for Kinross Gold Corporation by Micon International Limited, 232p.
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Kemijärvi
Hanski, Eero (2002). Suomen geologinen kartta, Geologian Tutkimuskeskus. Kallioperäkartta 3614 Vikajärvi.
France
 
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Haute-Saône
      • Faucogney-et-la-Mer
        • Esmoulières
          • Saphoz
Perseil, E. A. (1975) - Nature and mineralogical studies of manganese oxides and carbonates in Faucogney (Haute-Saone). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, D, 280, 1931-1934
Perseil, E. A. (1975) - Nature and mineralogical studies of manganese oxides and carbonates in Faucogney (Haute-Saone). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, D, 280, 1931-1934
    • Nièvre
      • Villapourçon
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 491-493.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 475-478.
      • Saint-Girons
        • Castelnau-Durban
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 475-478.
        • Esplas de Serou
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 475-478.
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Aure Valley
        • Vielle-Aure
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R., TIXADOR Y., CASTERET A. & GOUJOU JC. (2002) La mine de Coustou, Vielle-Aure, Hautes-Pyrénées. Le Règne Minéral, 47, 23-31. (in french)
Gabon
 
  • Haut-Ogooué Province
    • Léboumbi-Leyou Department
      • Moanda
Econ Geol (1988) 83:93-117
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Hösbach
          • Sailauf
            • Hartkoppe
Lorenz, J. (1991): Die Mineralien im Rhyolithsteinbruch von Sailauf, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 42, 1-38
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Grund
        • Wiemannsbucht
No reference listed
    • Peine
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Bender, D.; Krimmelbein, M. & W; Altena (1994): Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. in Mineralien-Welt, 4, p.10
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Elbingerode
Lapis 2003(2), 13-20
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Freiberg District
        • Bräunsdorf
J Gröbner collection
        • Naundorf
Grütze, T. (2006): Rauchquarz und Kugelpyrite aus dem Steinbruch Naundorf bei Freiberg/Sachsen. Lapis 31 (12), 16-19.
  • Thuringia
    • Harz
      • Nordhausen
        • Ilfeld
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Ghana
 
  • Western Region
    • Tarkwa
Mücke, A., Dzigbodi-Adjimah, K., and Annor, A. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 297-311.; Resource Geology Volume 48, Issue 1, pages 13–22, March 1998
Hungary
 
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
      • Márianosztra
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Bakony Mts
      • Úrkút
        • Csárda Hill
Szakáll & Jánosi (1996) The Minerals of Hungary; Polgári, M., Hein, J. R., Németh, T., Pál-Molnár, E., & Vigh, T. (2013). Celadonite and smectite formation in the Úrkút Mn-carbonate ore deposit (Hungary). Sedimentary Geology, 294, 157-163.
India
 
  • Karnataka
    • Kolar District
      • Kolar Gold Fields
Anantha Iyer, G.V. and Narayanan Kutty, T.R. (1975) Curr. Sci., 44, #11, 371-373.
Indonesia
 
  • Java (Jawa)
    • Jawa Barat Province (West Java Province)
      • Bogor District
Milési, J.P., Marcoux, E., Sitorus, T., Simandjuntak, M., Leroy, J., and Bailly, L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 131-149.
  • Kalimantan (Borneo)
    • Kalimantan Timur Province (East Kalimantan Province)
Davies, A. G. S. et al. (2008): Economic Geology 103, 717-757.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Nus
      • Saint-Barthélemy
• Barresi, A.A., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P., Bracco, R., Bonacina, E. (2005): La miniera di manganese di Varenche (Aosta, Italia nord-occidentale): ardennite, arseniopleite, manganberzeliite, pirofanite, sarkinite, thortveitite, nuovo As-Sc-analogo della metavariscite e altre specie. Micro (località), 2/2005, 81-122.
    • Saint-Marcel
Castello P. (1982) - Il giacimento manganesifero di Praborna (St. Marcel - AO) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Fasc. 3, pp. 87-92 Castello P. (1982) - Il giacimento manganesifero di Praborna (St. Marcel - AO) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Fasc. 3, pp. 87-92 Castello P. (1982) - Il giacimento manganesifero di Praborna (St. Marcel - AO) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Fasc. 3, pp. 87-92
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
Cortesogno, L., Lucchetti, G., Penco, A.M. (1979): Le mineralizzazioni a manganese nei diaspri delle ofioliti liguri: mineralogia e genesi. Rendiconti Società Iitaliana di Mineralogia e Petrologia. 35, 151-197
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
          • Reppia
Redazione (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia Ferrania Club, 19, 3-5.
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta Vara
probed by Balestra C.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
I minerali della provincia di Sondrio Valmalenco, Francessco Bedogné, Attilio Montrasio, Enrico Sciesa pag. 202
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
          • Torre di Santa Maria
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993): I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Tesso Valley
          • Monastero di Lanzo
            • Chiaves
Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G., Airaudi, D. (2010): Primo ritrovamento di caryopilite e kutnohorite in Piemonte: Croce di Chiaves, Ceres, Torino. Micro (UK report) 1/2010, 134-141
      • Susa Valley
        • Cesana Torinese
Brizio, P., Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010). L'affioramento a Mn, SiO, Fe, S di Roccia Rossa, Cesana, Torino. Micro (località) 1/2010, 313-328
  • Tuscany
    • Arezzo Province
      • Valdarno (Val d'Arno)
        • Bucine
Corazza, M., Pratesi, G., & Braga, R., 1994. Minerals of the Upper Arno River Valley, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record, 25: 293-299.
        • Cavriglia
          • Santa Barbara lignite District
Bini B., Menchetti S. (1985) - Kutnohorite from Levane Upper Valdarno (Italy). Periodico di Mineralogia, Roma, pp. 61-66 and Mineralogical Record, 25 (4), 293-299.
    • Florence & Arezzo Provinces
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Dini, A., Orlandi, P. & Vezzoni, S. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 28-39.; Dini A., Orlandi P., Vezzoni S. (2013): Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi primarie dello skarn. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 37, 1 (1-2013), 28-39.
      • Rosignano Marittimo
Lenzi, A. (1996): La melanoflogite di località Fortullino. Informatore. Giornale del Museo di Storia Naturale Rosignano Solvay, 1, 10-13.
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Fivizzano
Mancini, S. (2000). Le mineralizzazioni a manganese delle Alpi Apuane. Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Recoaro Terme
Gianfranco Capolupi's found. Analized by Gunter Blass (Eschweiler) Germany Cod. ( MB0810 )
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Oshima peninsula
      • Hiyama Subprefecture
        • Kaminokuni
Nambu et al (1979) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi (JAMP), 74, 406-412.; Hariya, Yu; Hasegawa, Kiyoshi (1979) Contact Metasomatic Zone and Massive Ore Body in Manganese Epithermal Deposits of the Jokoku Mine, Hokkaido, Japan. Jour. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. IV, vol. 19, nos. 1-2, March, 1979, pp. 265-272.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu region
      • Nagano prefecture
        • Matsumoto City
Ohe Rikosha specimens
          • Hata
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Karumai
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Kuzumaki
Tanida, K. & Kitamura, T. (1982) Mineralogy and thermal transformation of kutnahorite from Fujikura mine, Iwate Prefecture, with the subsolidus relation of system CaO-manganese oxide…. J. Japan Ass. Min. Petr. & Economic Geology, 77, 227-234
        • Shimohei-gun
          • Yamada-machi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Yamagata Prefecture
        • Yonezawa City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Oita Prefecture
      • Bungo-Ohno City
Kiyoshi Kiikuni (Keys Minerals) specimen; Shimizu, M. et al. (1992) "Potosiite and incaite from the Hoei Mine, Japan", Mineralogy and Petrology, 46, 2, 155-161; Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime Prefecture
      • Ikata (Sadamisaki Peninsula)
www.issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp/labs/mdcl/lab/denken/wordpress/?page_id=803
Jordan
 
  • Amman
Pitty, A. F., & Alexander, W. R. (2010). A natural analogue study of cement buffered, hyperalkaline groundwaters and their interaction with a repository host rock IV: an examination of the Khushaym Matruk (central Jordan) and Maqarin (northern Jordan) sites. NDA-RWMD Technical Report, NDA, Moors Row, UK.
  • Irbid
Khoury, H. N., Salameh, E., & Abdul-Jaber, Q. (1985). Characteristics of an unusual highly alkaline water from the Maqarin area, northern Jordan. Journal of Hydrology, 81(1), 79-91.
  • Tafilah
    • Wadi Arabah (Wadi Araba)
Qatar Univ. Sci. J. 21:101-117.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Kostanay Province (Qostanay Oblysy; Kostanai Oblast')
A. Kasatkin data
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
      • Santa Eulalia District
        • West Camp
          • Francisco Portillo
Panczner (1987):94-366.
  • Guerrero
    • Mun. de Taxco
      • Taxco de Alarcón (Taxco; Tasco)
Leon Hupperichs Collection
  • Hidalgo
    • Mun. de Molango
      • Otongo
Econ Geol (1988) 83:93-117
Panczner(1987): 248.
Panczner (1987): 248.; Econ Geol (1988) 83:93-117
  • Mexico
    • Mun. de Temascaltepec
      • Temascaltepec de González (Temascaltepec)
Camprubi, A., Canals, A., Cardellach, E., Prol-Ledesma, R.M., Rivera, R., 2001, The La Guitarra Ag-Au low-sulfidation epithermal deposit, Temascaltepec district, Mexico: vein structure, mineralogy, and sulfide-sulfosalt chemistry. Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication, v. 8, p. 133-158.
Namibia
 
  • Karas Region
    • Lüderitz District
      • Rosh Pinah
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 395 pp. (in English)
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Otago
Sameshima T, Kawachi Y (1991) Coombsite, Mn analogue of zussmanite, and associated Mn-silicates, parsettensite and caryopilite, from southeast Otago, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 34, 329-335
Pacific Ocean
 
  • Sea of Okhotsk
    • Deryugin basin
Astakhov, A. S., Tiedemann, R., Murdmaa, I. O., Bogdanova, O. Y., Mozherovsky, A. V., & Sereda, N. A. (2006). Manganese carbonates in the upper Quaternary sediments of the Deryugin Basin (Sea of Okhotsk). Oceanology, 46(5), 716-729.
Peru
 
  • Arequipa Department
    • Castilla Province
      • Shila-Paula District
Chauvet, A., Bailly, L., André, A.-S., Monié, P., Cassard, D., Tajada, F.L., Vargas, J.R., and Tuduri, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 387-410.
  • Lima Department
    • Oyon Province
Economic Geology November 1990 v. 85 no. 7 p. 1348-1383
  • Pasco department
    • Pasco province
      • Cerro de Pasco
        • Atacocha mining district
Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Kaczawskie Mts
      • Radzimowice
        • Stara Góra
          • Stara Góra deposit
1. R. Siuda, 2001 : New sulphate minerals from the Stara Góra oxidised zone, Radzimowice, Kaczawskie Mts., Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, vol 18, 186-188
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Cavnic (Kapnic; Kapnik)
Marias Francisc, 2005, Metallogeny of the Baia Mare Mining District-an approach based on the Cavnic hydrothermal systems in the world, Ed. Cornelius, 2005, p.284.
Grancea, L., Bailly, L., Leroy, J., Banks, D., Marcoux, E., Milési, J., ... & Fabre, C. (2002). Fluid evolution in the Baia Mare epithermal gold/polymetallic district, Inner Carpathians, Romania. Mineralium Deposita, 37(6-7), 630-647.; Hîrtopanu, P., Andersen, J., Hârtopanu, I., & Udubaşa, S. Ilvaite From The Cavnic Deposit, Romania. pp62-65
Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
        • Tyry River
Bortnikov, N.S., Gamyanin, G.N., Vikent’eva, O.V., Prokof’ev, V.Y., lpatov, V.A., and Bakharev, A.G. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(2), 87-128.
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Yeniseisk Autonomous Oblast'
        • Kuznetsk Alatau Range
Kuleshov, V.N., and Bych, A.F. (2002): Lithology and Mineral Resources 37(4), 330-343.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
Mineralogical Record: 32: 8.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Sedel'nikovo
Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
        • Sibay
Brusnitsyn, A.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(3), 193-214.
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
        • Orsk
          • Khalilovskii District
            • Khabarninskii massif
Sharkov, A.A. (2009): Lithology and Mineral Resources 44(1), 19-35.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica Co.
    • Revúca Co.
      • Chyžné
Bálintová T., Ozdín D.,2006:Sulphosalts from Chyžné-Herichová in the Western Carpathians (Slovakia). Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.8
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Bratislava Region
    • Malacky Co.
Šoltés S., Rojkovič I., 2003: Manganese mineralization in the Toarcian Mariatal shales (Malé Karpáty Mts.), Slovakia. Acta Iniv. Palackianae Olomuc., Geologica, 38, 23 -31
Šoltés S., Rojkovič I., 2003: Manganese mineralization in the Toarcian Mariatal shales (Malé Karpáty Mts.), Slovakia. Acta Iniv. Palackianae Olomuc., Geologica, 38, 23 -31
Šoltés S., Rojkovič I., 2003: Manganese mineralization in the Toarcian Mariatal shales (Malé Karpáty Mts.), Slovakia. Acta Iniv. Palackianae Olomuc., Geologica, 38, 23 -31
Šoltés S., Rojkovič I., 2003: Manganese mineralization in the Toarcian Mariatal shales (Malé Karpáty Mts.), Slovakia. Acta Iniv. Palackianae Olomuc., Geologica, 38, 23 -31
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
Ozdin D., Chovan M., 1999: New mineralogical and paragenetic knowledge about siderite veins in the vicinity of Vyšná Boca, Nízke Tatry Mts. Slov. Geol. Magazine, Bratislava, 5, 4, 255-271
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Beukes, N. J., Burger, A. M., & Gutzmer, J. (1995). Fault-controlled hydrothermal alteration of Palaeoproterozoic manganese ore in Wessels Mine, Kalahari manganese field. South African Journal of Geology, 98(4), 430-451.
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Econ Geol (1987) 82:706-718
Preston, P. C. C. R. (2009). Physical and chemical characterization of the manganese ore bed at the Mamatwan mine, Kalahari manganese field (Doctoral dissertation).
Sweden
 
  • Dalsland
    • Åmål
Mofjell, Erik (1990):Mineralnytt från Sverige. STEIN 17(4),38
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
No reference listed
No reference listed
Switzerland
 
  • Aargau
    • Auenstein
Natalia Efimenko, Jens Schneider, Jorge E. Spangenberg, Massimo Chiaradia, Thierry Adatte, Karl B. Föllmi (2014): Formation and age of sphalerite mineralization in carbonate rocks of Bajocian age in the Swiss Jura Mountains: evidence of Mesozoic hydrothermal activity. International Journal of Earth Sciences 103, 1059-1082.
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Albula Valley
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
        • Tinizong (Tinzen)
[MinRec 32:211]
    • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
      • Maroz Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 244.; Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Ferrera Valley
        • Ausserferrera
Amer.Min.(1996) 81, 1270-1276
Brugger, J., Berlepsch, P. (1997): Johninnesite Na2(Mn)9(Mn,Mg)7(AsO4)2(Si6O17)2(OH)8: a new occurrence in Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland): Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt., 77, 449-455.
        • Starlera Valley
Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
      • Rheinwald
        • Splügen
Probed by N. Meisser as associated mineral in the specimen of coralloite (ex coll. F. Vanini)
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Turtmann Valley
      • Pipjitälli
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 399.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Taiwan
 
  • Taiwan Province
    • Taipei Co.
      • Jui-Fang Town
Yuan Wang; Natural Solid Solution Of CaCO3-MnCO3 from the Chiufen Mine, Taipei-hsien, Taiwan
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Denizli Province
      • Kale
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
  • Marmara Region
    • Istanbul Province
      • Binkiliç
Öztürk, H., and Frakes, L.A. (1995): Ore Geology Reviews 10, 117-131.
  • Mediterranean Region
    • Adana Province
      • Ceyhan
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
    • Antalya Province
      • Kaş
Basciano L C , Peterson R C , Roeder P L , (1998) Description of schoenfliesite, MgSn(OH)6, and roxbyite, Cu1.72S, from a 1375 BC shipwreck, and rietveld neutron-diffraction refinement of synthetic schoenfliesite, wickmanite, MnSn(OH)6, and burtite, CaSn(OH)6, The Canadian Mineralogist , 36:1203-1210
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
      • Alushta
Alexander I. Tischenko (1996). Minerals of the Crimea - World of stones, 1996, #9, p. 9-18
      • Kerch peninsula (Kertch peninsula)
        • Kerchenskyi (Fe)-ore basin
          • Kerchenskoe deposit
Arbuzov V.A. et al. (1967) Kerch Iron-Ore Basin (Kerchenskii Zhelezorydny Bassein)/ - Moscow:Nedra. - 576 h/ (Rus.)
Nikita V. Chukanov. Minerals of the Kerch Iron-Ore Basin in Eastern Crimea. Ocean Pictures Ltd., Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 8, 2005. P. 95.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa District
        • Santa Teresa Mts
          • Aravaipa
            • Landsman Camp (Landsman group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 245; Reiter, B.E. (1981), Controls on lead-zinc skarn mineralization, Iron Cap mine area, Aravaipa district, Graham Co., AZ, in C. Stone and J.P. Jenney (editors), AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 13: 117-125; Wilson, W.E. (1988), The Iron Cap Mine, Min.Rec.: 19(2): 81-87.
    • Mohave Co.
      • Owens District
Specimens collected on March 10, 2012 by Jerry A. Baird
  • California
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Laytonville
Chesterman, C.W. (1966b), Mineralogy of the Laytonville quarry, Mendocino County, California, in: Geology of Northern California: California Division Mines & Geol. Bulletin 190: 506; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 221.; Robert Muir Wood (1982) The Laytonville Quarry (Mendocino County California) Exotic Block: Iron-rich Blueschist-Facies Subduction-Zone Metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 45:87-99.
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Black Wonder District
          • Mount Hamilton
            • San Antonio Valley
Erd, R.C. and Y. Ohashi (1981) Santaclaraite, a new manganese silicate from California, American Mineralogist; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 414; American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 200-206.
  • Colorado
    • Eagle Co.
      • Gilman District (Battle Mountain District; Red Cliff District)
        • Gilman
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Mineral Co.
      • Creede District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; Foley, N. K.; Caddey, S. W.; Byington, C. B.; Vardiman, D. M. (1993) Mineralogy, mineral chemistry, and paragenesis of gold, silver, and base-metal ores of the North Amethyst vein system, San Juan Mountains, Mineral County, Colorado. USGS Professional Paper: 1537
    • Ouray Co.
      • San Juan Mts
        • Ouray District
          • Ouray
            • Sneffels District (Sneffels - Red Mountain District; Mount Sneffels District)
              • Camp Bird
Rocks & Min.:65:114-149 (see also Rocks & Min.:62:9 & 64:140-141 + Min.Rec.:20(5):388).
Rocks & Min. (2009):84:414-425.
              • Yankee Boy Basin
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Park Co.
      • Alma District
        • Mount Bross
Min News 20:9 pp1,3,10,11
    • San Juan Co.
      • Eureka District
        • Gladstone
          • Bonita Peak
Rocks & Min.: 63: 366-384.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Januzzi (1976) p. 229, 235; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Plainfield
Dunn, P. J. (1976). On gem rhodonite from Massachusetts (J. Gemm 15(2): 76-80.)
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
      • Marquette iron range
        • Champion
Rocks & Min.:58:111 & 61:328.
        • Republic
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Minnesota
    • Crow Wing Co.
      • Cuyuna North Range
Allen Lundgren collection
        • Portsmouth group
Allen Lundgren collection
    • Stearns Co.
Journal of Paleolimnology 24: 199–211, 2000.
  • Missouri
    • Jackson Co.
Rocks & Min., March 1998.
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Lewis District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
Dunn (1995) p. 617
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Frondel, C.: Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ - a checklist (1972); Peacor, et al: Am.Min.:72:319-328 (1987); Dunn(1995):Pt4:617.
  • North Carolina
    • Alleghany Co.
      • Sparta
        • Bald Knob
Rocks & Min.: 60:130-135.
    • Lee Co.
      • Moncure
Korbel, P. & Novák. M. (1999): The Complete Encyclopedia Of Minerals. Chartwell, 1999. 296 p Smithsonian institution Mineral Reference Collection No. 162725-00 and 162726-00.
  • Oregon
    • Deschutes Co.
      • East Lake
Mineralogy of 10 Geothermal boreholes drilled in and around the Newberry Caldera U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, Issue 1578 By Keith E. Bargar, Terry E. C. Keith 1999
  • South Dakota
    • Brule Co.
Econ Geol (1988) 83:93-117
  • Virginia
    • Pittsylvania Co.
      • James River-Roanoke River Mn-Fe-Ba District
AmMin 88:740-747 (2003)
  • Wisconsin
    • Iron Co.
      • Gogebic Range
        • Montreal
Robinson, G. & G. LaBerge (2013) Minerals of the Lake Superior Iron Ranges: A. E. Seaman Mineral Museum: Michigan Technological University, 52 p.
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