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About KaliciniteHide

Colourless, white, yellowish
1 - 2
Crystal System:
In allusion to the composition, containing potassium (Latin = KALIum)
This page provides mineralogical data about Kalicinite.

Classification of KaliciniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
A : Alkali carbonates

1 : Miscellaneous

11 : Carbonates
1 : Carbonates of the alkali metals and ammonium

Physical Properties of KaliciniteHide

Colourless, white, yellowish
1 - 2 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of KaliciniteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.380 nβ = 1.482 nγ = 1.578
Measured: 81° , Calculated: 82°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.198
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r < v weak

Chemical Properties of KaliciniteHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of KaliciniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.11 Å, b = 5.67 Å, c = 3.71 Å
β = 103.75°
a:b:c = 2.665 : 1 : 0.654
Unit Cell V:
308.74 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Fine-crystalline aggregates. Crystals shiort prismatic (artificial material).

Type Occurrence of KaliciniteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Under a dead tree as a decomposition product of recent origin.

Synonyms of KaliciniteHide

Other Language Names for KaliciniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Kalicinite associated with BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.AA.05ZabuyeliteLi2CO3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.AA.15NahcoliteNaHCO3Mon. 2/m
5.AA.25Teschemacherite(NH4)HCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
5.AA.30WegscheideriteNa5H3(CO3)4Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.1.1ZabuyeliteLi2CO3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
11.1.3NahcoliteNaHCO3Mon. 2/m
11.1.4WegscheideriteNa5H3(CO3)4Tric. 1 : P1
11.1.5ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
11.1.6TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
11.1.7NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
11.1.9ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3Orth. mm2 : Amm2
11.1.10NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
11.1.13PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Fdd2
11.1.14GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
11.1.15BaylissiteK2Mg(CO3)2 · 4H2OMon.
11.1.16FairchilditeK2Ca(CO3)2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
11.1.17BütschliiteK2Ca(CO3)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
11.1.18Teschemacherite(NH4)HCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn

Other InformationHide

Soluble in water (33.3 g. per 100 g. H2O at 20° C.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KaliciniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Brooke (1823) Annals of Philosophy, London: 22: 42.
Pisani (1865) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 60: 918 (as Kalicine).
Landero, Carlos F. De (1888) Sinopsis Mineralógica ó catálogo descriptivo de los Minerales. 528pp., Mexico: 255 (as Kalicit).
Ochsenius (1893) Zeitschrift für praktische Geologie, Berlin, hale a.S.: 198.
Groth, P. (1898) Tabellarische Übersicht der Mineralien nach ihren krystallographish-chemischen Beziehungen. Braunschweig.,4th. edition: 57.
Merwin (1930) Int. Crit. Tab.: 7: 27.
Dhar (1936) Curr. Sc.: 4: 867.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 136-137.
Nitta, I., Tomiie, Y. & Koo, C. H. (1952) The crystal structure of potassium bicarbonate, KHCO3. Acta Crystallographica, 5, 292-292.
Nitta, I., Tomiie, Y. & Koo, C. H. (1954) : On the relation among the results of various investigations on potassium bicarbonate, KHCO3. Acta Crystallographica, 7, 140-141.
Acta Crystallographica (1974): B30: 1155.
Kagi, H., Nagai, T., Loveday, J.S., Wada, C., Parise, J.B. (2003) Pressure-induced phase transformation of kalicinite (KHCo3) at 2.8 GPa and local structural changes around hydrogen atoms. American Mineralogist 88: 1446-1451.

Internet Links for KaliciniteHide

Localities for KaliciniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Québec
    • Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean
      • Le Fjord-du-Saguenay RCM
        • Saint-Honoré
Fournier, A. (1993)
FOURNIER, A. (1993) Magmat!c and hydrothermal controls of LREE mineralization of the St.-Honoré carbonatite, Québec. M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. 95p.
  • Murmansk Oblast
J. Weissman collection; http://rruff.info/kalicinite/names/asc/
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sundsvall
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Switzerland (TL)
  • Valais
    • Sierre
C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris (1865): 60: 918; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 136.
  • Arusha region
    • Ngorongoro District
Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.
  • Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
Garvie, L.A.J. (2016): Mineralogy of paloverde (Parkinsonia microphylla) tree ash from the Sonoran Desert: A combined field and laboratory study. American Mineralogist: 101 : 1584-1595; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12875 (2016
  • Virginia
    • Montgomery Co.
Mineralogical Record:2(3):130-132
Mineral and/or Locality  
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