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Labradorite

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About LabradoriteHide

Formula:
(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Colour:
Pale green, blue, colourless, grey-white
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous
Hardness:
6 - 6½
Member of:
Name:
From the occurrence at Ford Harbour, Paul Island, Labrador, Canada (Nain anorthosite).
A variety of Anorthite

A plagioclase feldspar with an albite : anorthite molar ratio ranging from 30 : 70 to 50 : 50.
An intermediate member of the Albite-Anorthite Series.

Labradorite can display an iridescent optical effect (or schiller) known as labradorescence.
The cause of this optical phenomenon is lamellar structure caused by an exsolution process due to a miscibility gap. The effect is visible when the lamellar separation is between 128 to 252 nm. The lamellae are not necessarily parallel, and the lamellar structure is found to lack long range order.[10]

The lamellar separation only occurs in plagioclases of a certain composition, in particular, those of calcic labradorite and bytownite (anorthite content of ~60 to 90%). Another requirement for the lamellar separation is very slow cooling of the rock that contains the plagioclase. Slow cooling is required to allow the Ca, Na, Si, and Al ions to diffuse through the plagioclase and produce the lamellar separation.


Originally found at Ford Harbour, Paul Island, near Nain, off the east coast of Labrador, Newfoundland and Labrador [56° 30' N, 61° 30' W].


Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Labradorite.


Classification of LabradoriteHide

9.FA.35

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
A : Tektosilicates without additional non-tetrahedral anions

Physical Properties of LabradoriteHide

Sub-Vitreous
Colour:
Pale green, blue, colourless, grey-white
Streak:
White
Hardness:
6 - 6½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect

Optical Data of LabradoriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.554 - 1.563 nβ = 1.559 - 1.568 nγ = 1.562 - 1.573
2V:
Measured: 85° , Calculated: 78° to 86°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008 - 0.010
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of LabradoriteHide

Formula:
(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

First Recorded Occurrence of LabradoriteHide

Synonyms of LabradoriteHide

Other Language Names for LabradoriteHide

Varieties of LabradoriteHide

Lynx EyeVariety of labradorite with green iridescence.
Oregon SunstoneSunstone with inclusions of copper instead of hematite.
Crystallographically oriented nanocrystals of protoenstatite and clinoenstatite in association with copper nanocrystals are responsible for the unusual green and “watermelon” coloration of the or...
SpectroliteA variety of labradorite showing strong labradorescence due to very fine exsolution of K-feldspar.

Relationship of Labradorite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Tric.
AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Tric. 1 : P1
Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8Tric.
BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16Orth. mm2 : Iba2
Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8Mon. 2 : P21
Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]Tric.
CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon. 2/m
DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
FerrisanidineK[Fe3+Si3O8]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8Mon. 2/m
HexacelsianBaAl2Si2O8Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Mon.
KokchetaviteK(AlSi3O8)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
KumdykoliteNa(AlSi3O8)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
ReedmergneriteNaBSi3O8Tric.
RubiclineRb(AlSi3O8)Tric.
SanidineK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16Orth.
SunstoneA variety of feldspar (microcline or oligoclase, more rarely labradorite) that has schiller, ...
SvyatoslaviteCa(Al2Si2O8)Orth.
Unnamed (New Ordered Member of the Alkali Feldspar Series)KNa(Si6Al2)O16Mon. m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Labradorite associated with Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
2 photos of Labradorite associated with Chabazite
1 photo of Labradorite associated with Albite-Anorthite Series
1 photo of Labradorite associated with CalciteCaCO3
1 photo of Labradorite associated with IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
1 photo of Labradorite associated with Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
1 photo of Labradorite associated with Stilbite subgroupM6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
1 photo of Labradorite associated with Jasper
1 photo of Labradorite associated with Mica Group
1 photo of Labradorite associated with MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.FA.05KaliophiliteKAlSiO4Hex.
9.FA.05KalsiliteKAlSiO4Hex. 6 2 2 : P63 2 2
9.FA.05NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.05Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.05Trikalsilite(K,Na)AlSiO4Hex.
9.FA.05Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]Trig. 3 : P3
9.FA.05MegakalsiliteKAlSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.10MalinkoiteNaBSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.15VirgiliteLiAlSi2O6Hex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
9.FA.25LisitsyniteKBSi2O6Orth. 2 2 2 : P2 2 2
9.FA.30AdulariaKAlSi3O8Mon.
9.FA.30Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8Tric.
9.FA.30Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8Mon. 2 : P21
9.FA.30CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon. 2/m
9.FA.30Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Mon.
9.FA.30MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
9.FA.30OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.30SanidineK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.30RubiclineRb(AlSi3O8)Tric.
9.FA.30MonalbiteNaAlSi3O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.35AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
9.FA.35Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Tric.
9.FA.35AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Tric. 1 : P1
9.FA.35Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]Tric.
9.FA.35Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.35ReedmergneriteNaBSi3O8Tric.
9.FA.40ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
9.FA.45SvyatoslaviteCa(Al2Si2O8)Orth.
9.FA.45KumdykoliteNa(AlSi3O8)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.FA.50SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.FA.55LisetiteCaNa2Al4Si4O16Orth. mm2
9.FA.60BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16Orth. mm2 : Iba2
9.FA.60StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16Orth.
9.FA.65DanburiteCaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.FA.65MaleeviteBaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.FA.65PekoviteSrB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.FA.70Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8Tet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FA.75KokchetaviteK(AlSi3O8)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Labradorite in petrologyHide

References for LabradoriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Rose, G. (1823): Über den Feldspat, Albit, Labradorit und Anorthit, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 73, N.F. 43, 175-208.
Acta Crystallographica (1988): B44: 344.
Hans Boysen & Stefan Kek (2015): The modulated structure of labradorite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials 230, 23–35.
Jin, S. & Xu, H. (2017): Study on structure variations of incommensurately modulated labradorite feldspars with different cooling histories. American Mineralogist: 102, 1328-1339.
S. Jin, H. Xu, X. Wang, R. Jacobs and D. Morgan (2020): The incommensurately modulated structures of low-temperature labradorite feldspars: a single-crystal X-ray and neutron diffraction study. Acta Crystallographica B76, 93-107.

Internet Links for LabradoriteHide

Localities for LabradoriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Skikda Province
    • Cap de Fer
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 625-638.
    • Collo
      • Cape Bougaroun
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 625-638.
  • Tamanghasset Province
    • Ahaggar Mtn (Hoggar Mtn)
      • Laouni
J.P. Lorand and J.Y. Cottin, Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 373-378.
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
    • Quilengues
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1001-1024.
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
Harrington, H. J., Wood, B. L., McKellar, I. C., & Lensen, G. J. (1967). Topography and geology of the Cape Hallett-Tucker Glacier district, Antarctica. Bull. NZ. Geo!. Surv, 80, 100. Hamilton, W. B. (1972). The Hallett Volcanic Province, Antarctica (No. 456-C), 1-62
      • McMurdo Dry Valleys
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 134-135
  • Western Antarctica
    • Alexander Island
Horne, R. R., & Thomson, M. R. A. (1967). Post-Aptian camptonite dykes in south-east Alexander Island. Br. Antarct. Surv. Bull, 14, 15-24. Rowley, P. D., & Smellie, J. L. (1990). Southeastern Alexander Island.
    • Antarctic Peninsula
Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Barton, C.M. (1965) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: III. The Stratigraphy of King George Island. British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, No.44, 33 pages plus plates.
Craddock, C., Bastien, T. W., & Rutford, R. H. (1964). Geology of the Jones Mountains area. Antarctic geology, 171-187.
    • Marie Byrd Land
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 5 LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 235-237 LeMasurier, W. E., & Rex, D. C. (1982). Volcanic record of Cenozoic glacial history in Marie Byrd Land and western Ellsworth Land: Revised chronology and evaluation of tectonic factors. Antarctic Geoscience, 89, 725-734. Rocchi, S., LeMasurier, W. E., & Di Vincenzo, G. (2006). Oligocene to Holocene erosion and glacial history in Marie Byrd Land, West Antarctica, inferred from exhumation of the Dorrel Rock intrusive complex and from volcano morphologies. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 118(7-8), 991-1005.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Ashburnham Co.
      • Amaroo
Stevens, B.P.J. (1972) Mine Data Sheets to accompany Metallogenic Map Bathurst 1:250,000 Sheet, Department of Mines, Geological Survey of New South Wales.
    • Buckland Co.
      • Ardglen
Hodge-Smith, T. (1924) Notes on the occurrence of Zeolites, Ardglen, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum, 14(3), 213–222.
    • Camden Co.
      • Five Islands Nature Reserve
Chalmers, R.O. (1941) The petrology of the Five Islands, Port Kembla, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum 21:1, 27–42.
Chalmers, R.O. (1941) The petrology of the Five Islands, Port Kembla, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum 21:1, 27–42.
Chalmers, R.O. (1941) The petrology of the Five Islands, Port Kembla, New South Wales. Records of the Australian Museum 21:1, 27–42.
    • Cumberland Co.
Crawford, E.A. (1973) Igneous Rock Deposits, Central Sydney Basin. Geological Survey of New South Wales Department of Mines Report GS1973/441.
    • Dampier Co.
      • Dromedary Complex
Smith, I. E. M., White, A. J. R., Chappell, B. W., & Eggleton, R. A. (1988). Fractionation in a zoned monzonite pluton: Mount Dromedary, southeastern Australia. Geological Magazine, 125(3), 273-284.
    • Rous Co.
      • Mummulgum
Warwick – Tweed Heads Exploration Data Package Vol. 2, Mineral occurrence data sheets, occurrence lists and mineral occurrence maps: R.E. Brown, H.F. Henley and W.J. Stroud, December, 2001. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales.
    • Yancowinna Co.
Econ Geol (1985) 80:488-496
      • Broken Hill district
Birch BH Book
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Strangways Range
Hudson, D. R., Wilson, A.F. (1966): A new occurrence of sapphirine and related anthophyllite from Central Australia. Geological Magazine 103, 293-298.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
Edwards, A.B. and Baker, G., 1953. Scapolitisation in the Cloncurry district of northwestern Queensland. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 1:1-2, 1-33.
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Yunta
Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
  • Tasmania
    • Circular Head municipality
      • Cape Grim district
Sutherland, F.L., Corbett, K.D. (1967) The Tertiary Volcanic Rocks of Far North-Western Tasmania. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, Vol. 101, 71-92.
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
Griffin, B.J. (1982) Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology of Lavas and Dykes of the Macquarie Island Ophiolite Complex. PhD Thesis, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania.
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
http://www.crocoite.com/locationbulletins/part1/zeolites.pdf
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Geelong
      • Fyansford
        • Lower Paper Mills Road
Shayan, Ahmad (1984) Hisingerite material from a basalt quarry near Geelong, Victoria, Australia. Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol 32, No.4, pp 272-278.
  • Western Australia
    • Bridgetown-Greenbushes Shire
      • Greenbushes Tinfield
Jacobson, M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Broad Arrow Goldfield
        • Paddington (Gudarra)
Booth, G. (1989). The Mineralogy Geology and Exploration Geochemistry of the Paddington Gold Mine Broad Arrow Western Australia, Faculty of Engineering, UNSW, 1989
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, pp 93-94
      • Woolibar Station (Hampton Plains Goldfield)
        • South Kal Mines (South Kalgoorlie Gold Mine; HBJ)
Simpson, Edward S. (1951) Minerals of Western Australia Vol 2 (Facsimile ed. 1984). Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia (p158).
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Meekatharra
        • Meekatharra Goldfield
Simpson, E.S. 91948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, p93
    • Port Hedland Shire
      • Abydos Station
        • Wodgina
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 1, p 95
    • Westonia Shire
      • Westonia
Simpson, E.S., (1948) Minerals of Western Australia. Volume 1-3. Government Printer, Perth.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Hüttenberg
H. Meixner: 32(3):85-97 (1981)
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Steinfeld
        • Rottenstein valley
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Völkermarkt District
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Lower Austria
    • Krems-Land District
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Melk District
      • Dunkelsteinerwald
        • Gansbach
D.A. Carswell et al., Eur.J. Mineral., 1989, 1, pp. 455-466.
    • Waidhofen an der Thaya District
      • Raabs an der Thaya
LIBOWITZKY, Eugen, FRIEDL, Daniela V. & KOLLER, Friedrich (2012): Ein ungewöhnlicher Fund von Molybdänit im Gabbro von Nonndorf, NÖ. (Moldanubikum, Böhmische Masse).- Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges., 158, 21-25, Wien.
  • Styria
    • Deutschlandsberg District
      • Schwanberg
Heritsch, H. (1963) : Exkursion in das Kristallin der Koralpe. In : Mitteilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereines für Steiermark, Band 93, 1963, p. 178 – 198.
    • Leibnitz District
      • Wildon
        • Weitendorf
Aufschluss 1972(SB), 76-79
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Grâce-Hollogne
        • Horion-Hozémont
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
    • Luxembourg
      • Libramont-Chevigny
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
    • Namur
      • Assesse
        • Courrière
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
    • Barro Alto
Santos, W. M. D. (2012). Mineralogia e geoquímica da bauxita derivada do anortosito, Barro Alto, Goiás. Dissertação(Mestrado em Geologia)—Universidade de Brasília, Brasília, 2011.
Jost, H., and de Tarso Ferro de Oliveira Fortes, P. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 358-376.
  • Minas Gerais
Engler, A., Koller, F., Meisel, T., Quéméneur, J. (2002) Evolution of the archean/proterozoic crust in the southern São Francisco craton near Perdões, Minas Gerais, Brazil: petrological and geochemical constraints. Journal of South American Earth Science: 15: 709–723.
Burkina Faso
 
  • Est Region
    • Gnagna Province
      • Bilanga Department
        • Bilanga-Yanga
Domanik, K., Kolar, S., Musselwhite, D. & Drake, M. J. (2004) Accessory silicate mineral assemblages in the Bilanga diogenite: A petrographic study. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39(4): 567-579. (April 2004)
Cameroon
 
  • West Region
    • Bamboutos
      • Galim
Wandji, P., Wotchoko, P., Bardintzeff, J. M., & Bellon, H. (2010). Late Tertiary and Quaternary alkaline volcanism in the western Noun Plain (Cameroon Volcanic Line): New K-Ar ages, petrology and isotope data. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, Sofia, 48.
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Cross Lake
Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
    • Lynn Lake District
Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
Gübelin, E., Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel [in Dutch].
de Waard, D., Wheeler, E.P. (1971) Chemical and Petrologic Trends in Anorthositic and Associated Rocks of the Nain Massif, Labrador. Lithos, 4, 367-380.; Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.; Grice, Joel D. (1989) Labradorite "Fire Rock" from Nain, Labrador. In: Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 131-135; 182.
        • Kikkertavak Island
Evans, D. T. W., Geo, P., Dickson, W. L., and Geo, P., 2004, Dimension Stone in Newfoundland and Labrador, Department of Natural Resources, Newfoundland and Labrador, Open-file NFLD 2865, pp. 52.
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Labradorite "Fire Rock" from Nain, Labrador. In: Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 131-135.
Dana, E.S. (1892) Dana's system of mineralogy, (6th edition), 325{327,
Evans, D. T. W., Geo, P., Dickson, W. L., and Geo, P., 2004, Dimension Stone in Newfoundland and Labrador, Department of Natural Resources, Newfoundland and Labrador, Open-file NFLD 2865, pp. 52.
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Labradorite "Fire Rock" from Nain, Labrador. In: Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 131-135.
Traill, R. J., 1970, A Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, Paper 69-45.
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Lunenburg Co.
      • Cherry Hill
Papezik, V.S., Barr, S.M. (1981) The Shelburne dike, an early Mesozoic diabase dike in Nova Scotia: mineralogy, chemistry, and regional significance. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences: 18(8): 1346–1355.
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • Giles Township
Dakota Matrix Minerals
    • Haliburton County
      • Monmouth Township
http://www.geologyontario.mndmf.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/mdi/data/records/MDI31D16NW00208.html
    • Nipissing District
      • Calvin Township
E. William Heinrich (1962): Some mineral occurrences near Eau Claire, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 7, 314-318.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Lac des Iles Area
Econ Geol. (1995) 90:255-270
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Cobalt area
Boyle R. W. (1968) : The Geochemistry of Silver and its Deposits; Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 160, Ch 3, P. 169.
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Réservoir-Dozois
Olivier Langelier Collection
    • Laurentides
      • Antoine-Labelle RCM
        • Notre-Dame-du-Laus
Van Velthuizen, J. V. (1993): The Parker Mine, Notre Dame du Laus (Québec). Mineralogical Record, 24(5): 369-373.
      • Les Laurentides RCM
        • Sainte-Agathe-Des-Monts
Sabina, A.P. (1986) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Buckingham - Mont-Laurier - Grenville, Quebec Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 33
  • Saskatchewan
    • Athabasca Basin
      • Honsvall Lake
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 1251-1272.
Chile
 
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Copiapó
Cisternas, M.E., and Hermosilla, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 339-355.
Cisternas, M.E., and Hermosilla, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 339-355.
Cisternas, M.E., and Hermosilla, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 339-355.
Cisternas, M.E., and Hermosilla, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 339-355.
  • Magallanes
    • Magallanes Province
Woolley, A.R. (1987) The Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part I: North and South America. British Museum (Natural History) and University of Texas Press.
China
 
  • Anhui
    • Ma'anshan
      • Dangtu County
        • Zhonggu Fe ore field (Zhongshan-Gushan Fe ore field; Zhonggushan Fe ore field)
Yusheng Zhai, Yongliang Xiong, Shuzhen Yao, and Xinduo Lin (1996): Ore Geology Reviews 11, 229-248.
  • Beijing
    • Pinggu District
Yu, J., Fu, H., Zhang, F., & Wan, F. (1994). Petrogenesis of potassic alkaline volcanics associated with rapakivi granites in the Proterozoic rift of Beijing, China. Mineralogy and Petrology, 50(1-3), 83-96.
  • Gansu
    • Jinchang
      • Jinchuan District
Zhongli Tang (1990): Geoscience 4(4), 55-65
  • Guangdong
    • Shaoguan
      • Nanxiong Co.
Liangshu Shu, Ping Deng, Bin Wang, Zhengzhong Tan, Xinqi Yu, and Yan Sun (2004): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 47(8), 673-688.
      • Shixing Co.
Liangshu Shu, Ping Deng, Bin Wang, Zhengzhong Tan, Xinqi Yu, and Yan Sun (2004): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 47(8), 673-688.
      • Wengyuan Co.
        • Xiazhuang Uranium ore field (Xiwang Uranium ore field)
Lin Jun, Ya-xin Yang and Xin-min Wu (2006): Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 267(2), 377-380
    • Yangjiang
      • Yangchun Co.
Zheng, W., Mao, J. W., Pirajno, F., Zhao, H. J., Zhao, C. S., Mao, Z. H., & Wang, Y. J. (2015). Geochronology and geochemistry of the Shilu Cu–Mo deposit in the Yunkai area, Guangdong Province, South China and its implication. Ore Geology Reviews, 67, 382-398.
  • Guizhou
    • Guiyang
      • Qingzhen County
Rambaldi, E. R., Rajan, R. S., Housley, R. M., & Wang, D. (1984) Oxidized, Refractory and Alkali-Rich Components in Qingzhen Enstatite Chondrite: Implications about Their Origin (Abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XV , 661-662. (Mar 1984)
  • Heilongjiang
    • Qitaihe
      • Boli Co.
Enguang Zang, Chunxiao Zhang, and Cunchang Yi (2009): Gold Science and Technology 17(1), 24-28, 41
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou City (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
    • Xilingol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)
      • Plain Blue Banner (Zhenglan Co.)
Yiming Zhao, Daxin Li, Liangshi Wu, Wenming Chen, Chengyou Feng, Peihua Wang, and Xuedong Gao (2008): Mineral Deposits 27(4), 425-448
  • Jiangsu
    • Nanjing
      • Jiangning District
Chuanxian Lin and Zheru Zhang (1984): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1984(1), 12-20.
  • Jiangxi
    • Ganzhou
      • Yudu Co.
Mingxing Shi and Guirong Gao (2006): Resources Survey and Environment 27(2), 164-172
  • Qinghai
    • Haixi Mongol and Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Mangnai City (Mangya Co.)
        • Lenghu Co.
Huiwen Liu, Xueping Wang, Ji Shao, Kesi Lu, Fanglian Tian, and Shuya Xiong (2014): Mineral Deposits 33(1), 87-103
  • Xinjiang
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Yizhou District
        • Baishiquan ore district
Fengmei Chai, Zhaochong Zhang, Jingwen Mao, Lianhui Dong, Zuoheng Zhang, Huishou Ye, Hua Wu, and Xinhua Mo (2006): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 25(1), 1-12
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
Chunming Han, Wenjiao Xiao, Guochun Zhao, Wenjun Qu, and Andao Du (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 452-468.; Zhiyong Jia, Mingjie Zhang, Zhongli Tang, Wenyuan Li, Liye Ren, and Peiqing Hu (2009): Mineral Deposits 28(5), 673-686
        • Jimunay Co. (Jeminay Co.; Jeminey Co.)
Shen Ping, Shen Yuanchao, Liu Tiebing, Li Guangming, and Zeng Qingdong (2007): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (in press).
Costa Rica
 
  • Alajuela Province
Cuba
 
  • Santiago de Cuba Province
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
      • Juragua Iron Company Mines
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
        • Estancia Hill
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
Roesler, Max (1917) Geology of the Iron-Ore Deposits of the Firmeza District, Oriente province, Cuba, AIME Transactions, p. 77-127.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Beroun District
Vtělenský J. (1959): Mineralogie oolitických železných rud z některých ložisek Barrandienu. Geotechnica, sv. 26, Nakladatelství ČSAV Praha.
    • Kutná Hora District
  • Moravian-Silesian Region
    • Frýdek-Místek District
Matýsek D., Jirásek J., Skupien P, Thomson S.N.: The Žermanice sill: new insights into the mineralogy, petrology, age, and origin of the teschenite association rocks in the Western Carpathians, Czech Republic. International Journal of Earth Sciences, doi: 10.1007/s00531-018-1614-x.
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník District
      • Žulová
Kruťa, T.: Nerostný výzkum ve Slezsku v roce 1954. Přírodovědecký sborník Ostravského kraje, 1955, roč. 16, č. 1, s. 125-138.
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Litoměřice District
      • Býčkovice
Ulrych, J., & NOVAK, P. (1989). Geochemistry of the Bykovice monzosyenitic body, Ceské stredohori Mts., Czechoslovakia. Acta Universitatis Carolinae. Geologica, (2), 139-163.
    • Ústí nad Labem District
Ulrych, J. A. R. O. M. I. R., & Balogh, K. A. D. O. S. A. (2000). Roztoky Intrusive Centre in the Ceske stredohori Mts.: Differentiation, emplacement, distribution, orientation and age of dyke series. GEOLOGICA CARPATHICA-BRATISLAVA-, 51(6), 383-398. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.305 Cajz, V. (2003). Dyke swarm pattern and tectonics in the České Středohoří Mts. Volcanic centre, Ohře (Eger) Rift, Central Europe (Starting points for further research). Geolines, 15, 15-22. Jelínek, E. Souček, J.-Tvrdý, J.-Ulrych J.(1989): Geochemistry and petrology of alkaline dyke rocks of the Roztoky volcanic centre, České středohoří Mts., ČSSR. Chem. Erde, 49, 201-217. Kopecký Jr, L., Chlupáčová, M., Klomínský, J., & Sokol, A. (1997). The Čistá-Jesenice pluton in western Bohemia: Geochemistry, geology, petrophysics and ore potential. Sbor. geol. Věd, ložisk. Geol. Mineral, 31, 97-127. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lamere, J. (2002). Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of terms; Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences. In Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous rocks. Cambridge University Press. Mrlina, J., & Cajz, V. (2006). Subsurface structure of the volcanic centre of the České Středohoří Mountains, North Bohemia, determined by geophysical surveys. Studia Geophysica et Geodaetica, 50(1), 75-88. Pivec, E. D. V. I. N., Ulrych, J. A. R. O. M. I. R., Srein, V. L. A. D. I. M. I. R., Bendl, J. I. R. I., Dobes, P. E. T. R., & Zak, K. A. R. E. L. (1998). Epithermal Tertiary Pb-Zn-Cu (Ag, Te) mineralization in the Roztoky Volcanic Centre, Ceske stredohori Mts., Czech Republic. GEOLOGICA CARPATHICA-BRATISLAVA-, 49, 139-146. Ulrych, J., Novák, J. K., Lang, M., Balogh, K., Hegner, E., & Řanda, Z. (2006). Petrology and geochemistry and K–Ar ages for Cenozoic tinguaites from the Ohře/Eger Rift (NW Bohemia). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(1), 41-61. Skála, R., Ulrych, J., Ackerman, L., Jelínek, E., Dostál, J., Hegner, E., & Řanda, Z. (2014). Tertiary alkaline Roztoky Intrusive Complex, České středohoří Mts., Czech Republic: petrogenetic characteristics. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 103(5), 1233-1262. Ulrych, J., Pivec, E., Fiala, J., & Lang, M. (1983). Petrology of the alkaline subvolcanic rocks from the Roztoky area (České středohoří Mts.). Rozpravy Československé Akademie věd. Řada matematických a přírodních věd, 93(8), 1-82.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Třebíč Area
        • Hostákov
Houzar, S., Němec, D.: Skarn se scheelitovým zrudněním u Hostákova na Třebíčsku. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1985, roč. 30, č. 4, s. 409-415.
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
Houzar, S.: Přehled minerálů amfibolitového lomu v Mirošově (západní Morava), Minerál, 1999, roč. 7, č. 4, s. 294-296.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
Mogahed, M. M. (2016). Petrogenesis of cogenetic silica-oversaturated and-undersaturated syenites of Abu Khruq ring complex, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 124, 44-62.
El Salvador
 
  • Sonsonate Department
www.geo.mtu.edu/volcanoes/central_america/el_salvador/izalco/petro.html a
Ethiopia
 
  • Afar Region
Gebregziabher, Z. (1998). Geology and hydrothermal alteration in wells TD-5 and TD-6, Tendaho geothermal field, Ethiopia. United Nations University.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Penikat complex
      • Sompujärvi Reef
Barkov, A., Halkoaho, T., Roberts, A., Criddle, A., Martin, R., Papunen, H. (1999) New Pd-Pb and Pb-V oxides frm a bonanza-type PGE-rich, nearly BMS-free deposit in the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1507-1524.
  • South Karelia
    • Lappeenranta
      • Ylämaa area
Gübelin, E., Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel [in Dutch].; Hytönen, K. (1999) Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pages.
  • Southwest Finland
    • Kimitoön (Kemiönsaari)
      • Kimitoön Island
Hytönen, Kai 1999. Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu.
  • Uusimaa
    • Nurmijärvi
Jaakko Kurki Collection
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Ardèche
      • Privas
        • Saint-Priest
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 450-464.
    • Cantal
      • Saint-Flour
        • Villedieu
    • Haute-Loire
      • Brioude
        • Torsiac
          • Lanau
F.H. Forestier : "Les Péridotites Serpentinisées en France, Groupe I, Fascicule IV, Bassin du Haut Allier", BRGM, 1964
      • Le Puy-en-Velay
        • Saint-Pierre-Eynac
C. Cotonian et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 89-95.
de Goer, A., & Mergoil, J. (1971). Structure et dynamique des édifices volcaniques tertiaires et quaternaires. In Symposium sur la géologie, la morphologie, et la structure profonde du Massif Central français (pp. 345-376). Maury, R. C., & Varet, J. (1980). Le volcanisme tertiaire et quaternaire de France. Géologie de la France, Mémoires du Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Miniéres, Paris, 107, 138-159. Liotard, J. M., Briot, D., & Boivin, P. (1988). Petrological and geochemical relationships between pyroxene megacrysts and associated alkali-basalts from Massif Central (France). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(1), 81-90. Brousse, R. & Lefevre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe Limitrophe. Guides Géologiques Régionaux. Masson, Paris. Downes, H., Dupuy, C., & Leyreloup, A. F. (1990). Crustal evolution of the Hercynian belt of Western Europe: Evidence from lower-crustal granulitic xenoliths (French Massif Central). Chemical Geology, 83(3-4), 209-231. Mergoil, J., Boivin, P., Blès, J. L., Cantagrel, J. M., & Turland, M. (1993). Le Velay. Son volcanisme et les formations associées. Notice de la carte à 1/100 000. Géologie de la France, (3). Liotard, J. M., Dautria, J. M., & Cantagrel, J. M. (1995). Pétrogenèse des néphélinites de la région de Craponne-sur-Arzon (Nord-Velay): intervention possible d'un composant carbonatitique. Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Série 2. Sciences de la terre et des planètes, 320(11), 1043-1050. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lamere, J. (2002). Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of terms; Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences. In Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous rocks. Cambridge University Press. Chazot, G., Bertrand, H., Mergoil, J., & SHEPPARD, S. M. (2003). Mingling of immiscible dolomite carbonatite and trachyte in tuffs from the Massif Central, France. Journal of Petrology, 44(10), 1917-1936. Wittig, N., Baker, J. A., & Downes, H. (2007). U–Th–Pb and Lu–Hf isotopic constraints on the evolution of sub-continental lithospheric mantle, French Massif Central. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71(5), 1290-1311. Woodland, A. B., & Jugo, P. J. (2007). A complex magmatic system beneath the Deves volcanic field, Massif Central, France: evidence from clinopyroxene megacrysts. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(6), 719-731. Touron, S., Renac, C., O'Reilly, S. Y., Cottin, J. Y., & Griffin, W. L. (2008). Characterization of the metasomatic agent in mantle xenoliths from Deves, Massif Central (France) using coupled in situ trace-element and O, Sr and Nd isotopic compositions. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 293(1), 177-196. Paquette, J. L., & Mergoil-Daniel, J. (2009). Origin and U–Pb dating of zircon-bearing nepheline syenite xenoliths preserved in basaltic tephra (Massif Central, France). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(2), 245-262. Valentini, L., Moore, K. R., & Chazot, G. (2010). Unravelling carbonatite–silicate magma interaction dynamics: a case study from the Velay province (Massif Central, France). Lithos, 116(1-2), 53-64. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.328
Brousse, R. & Lefevre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe Limitrophe. Guides Géologiques Régionaux. Masson, Paris. Mergoil, J., Boivin, P., Blès, J. L., Cantagrel, J. M., & Turland, M. (1993). Le Velay. Son volcanisme et les formations associées. Notice de la carte à 1/100 000. Géologie de la France, (3).
    • Puy-de-Dôme
Brousse, R. (1961). Recueil des analyses chimiques des roches volcaniques tertiaires et quaternaires de la France. Bull. Serv. Carte géol. France, 58(263), 1-140. Brousse, R. & Lefèvre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe limitrophe. «Guides géologiques régionaux». Masson, Paris. Cantagrel, J. M. (1976). AGE DU VOLCANISME DANS LE CEZALLIER (MASSIF CENTRAL FRANCAIS) ET MIGRATION DE L'ACTIVITE VOLCANIQUE EN AUVERGNE. Compte Rendu Hebdomadaire des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, D282, 1837-1840. Vannucci, R., Ottolini, L., Bottazzi, P., Downes, H., & Dupuy, C. (1994). INAA, IDMS and SIMS comparative REE investigations of clinopyroxenes from mantle xenoliths with different textures. Chemical Geology, 118(1-4), 85-108.
Boivin, P., Besson, J. C., Briot, D., Camus, G., de Goër de Herve, A., Gougaud, A., ... & Miallier, D. (2009). Volcanologie de la Chaîne des Puys, Massif Central Français. 5th edn. Parc Naturel Régional des Volcans d'Auverge, Clermont-Ferrand. Brousse, R. & Lefèvre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe limitrophe. «Guides géologiques régionaux». Masson, Paris. Brousse, R., Delibrias, G., Labeyrie, J., & Rudel, A. (1969). Eléments de chronologie des éruptions de la Chaîne des Puys. Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, 7(6), 770-793. Condomines, M., Morand, P., Camus, G., & Duthou, L. (1982). Chronological and geochemical study of lavas from the Chaine des Puys, Massif Central, France: evidence for crustal contamination. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 81(4), 296-303. Havette Ledebt, A., Brousse, R., & Maury, R. (1977). Identification de phases sodiques et potassiques dans la pâte d'un basalte alcalin de la Chaîne des Puys. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 100(6), 338-342. Martel, C., Champallier, R., Prouteau, G., Pichavant, M., Arbaret, L., Balcone-Boissard, H., ... & Scaillet, B. (2013). Trachyte phase relations and implication for magma storage conditions in the Chaîne des Puys (French Massif Central). Journal of Petrology, 54(6), 1071-1107. Maury, R., Brousse, R., Villemant, B., Joron, J. L., Jaffrezic, H., & Treuil, M. (1980). Cristallisation fractionnée d'un magma basaltique alcalin: la série de la Chaîne des Puys (Massif Central, France). I. Pétrologie. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 103(2), 250-266. Miallier, D., Michon, L., Évin, J., Pilleyre, T., Sanzelle, S., & Vernet, G. (2004). Volcans de la chaîne des Puys (Massif central, France): point sur la chronologie Vasset–Kilian–Pariou–Chopine. Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 336(15), 1345-1353. Miallier, D., Boivin, P., Deniel, C., Gourgaud, A., Lanos, P., Sforna, M., & Pilleyre, T. (2010). The ultimate summit eruption of Puy de Dôme volcano (Chaîne des Puys, French Massif Central) about 10,700 years ago. Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 342(11), 847-854. Michel, R. 1971. Les premieres recheres sur les volcans du Massif central (18e-19e siécles) et leur influence sur l'essor de la géologie. Géologie, géomorphologie et structure profonde du Massif Central français (J. Jung Symposium). Plein Air Service, Clermont-Ferrand, 331-344. Scarth, A., & Tanguy, J. C. (2001). Volcanoes of Europe. Terra Publishing, Harpenden. Villemant, B., Jaffrezic, H., Joron, J. L., & Treuil, M. (1981). Distribution coefficients of major and trace elements; fractional crystallization in the alkali basalt series of Chaine des Puys (Massif Central, France). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 45(11), 1997-2016.
      • Clermont-Ferrand
Brousse, R. & Lefèvre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe limitrophe. «Guides géologiques régionaux». Masson, Paris.
Camus, G., Cantagrel, J. M., Taupinard, J. M., & Vialette, Y. (1969). Mesure par la méthode à l'argon, de l'âge de quelques rochesvolcaniques de Limagne (Massif central français). Comptes-rendus de l’Académie des Sciences de Paris, série D, 269, 2513-2516. Bailey, D.K. 2010. New forms of carbonate volcanism: what to look for and where. Paper presented at IMA 2010, 20th General Meeting of the International Mineralogical Association, 21-27 August 2010, Budapest, Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Abstract Series, 558. Bailey, D. K., & Kearns, S. (2012). New forms of abundant carbonatite–silicate volcanism: recognition criteria and further target locations. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(2), 271-284. Bailey, K., Kearns, S., Mergoil, J., Daniel, J. M., & Paterson, B. (2006). Extensive dolomitic volcanism through the Limagne Basin, central France: a new form of carbonatite activity. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(2), 231-236. Chazot, G., & Mergoil-Daniel, J. (2012). Co-eruption of carbonate and silicate magmas during volcanism in the Limagne graben (French Massif Central). Lithos, 154, 130-146. Brousse, R. & Lefèvre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe limitrophe. «Guides géologiques régionaux». Masson, Paris. de Herve, A. G. (2000). Peperites from the Limagne trench (Auvergne, Franch Massif Central): a distinctive facies of phreatomagmatic pyroclastics. History of a semantic drift. In Volcanoclastic rocks: from magmas to sediments (pp. 91-110). Gordon and Breach Science Publishers Amsterdam. Michel, R. (1953). Contribution à l'étude pétrographique des pépérites et du volcanisme tertiaire de la Grande Limagne. Mémoires de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle d'Auvergne, 5, 1-140.
Briot, D., Cantagrel, J. M., Dupuy, C., & Harmon, R. S. (1991). Geochemical evolution in crustal magma reservoirs: Trace-element and Sr Nd O isotopic variations in two continental intraplate series at Monts Dore, Massif Central, France. Chemical geology, 89(3-4), 281-303. Brousse, R. (1961). Minéralogie et pétrographie des roches volcaniques du Massif du Mont-Dore. Bull. Soc. Franc. Min4ral. Crist, 84, 245-259. Brousse, R. (1961). Recueil des analyses chimiques des roches volcaniques tertiaires et quaternaires de la France. Bull. Serv. Carte géol. France, 58(263), 1-140. Brousse, R. & Lefèvre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe limitrophe. «Guides géologiques régionaux». Masson, Paris. Brousse, R., Rançon, J. P., Tempier, P., & Veyret, Y. (1989). Bourg-Lastic, Carte Géologique de la France à 1/50 000. Editions du BRGM-BP, 6009-45060. Cantagrel, J. M., & Baubron, J. C. (1983). Chronologie des éruptions dans le massif volcanique des Monts Dore (méthode potassium-argon). Bur. Rech. Géol. Min.(Fr.), Sect. Géol.(2), 1(1–2), 123-142. Sébastien, N., Jean-François, P., Nehlig, P., Hervé, G., Vincent, S., & Stéphane, S. Tephrochronology of the Mont-Dore volcanic Massif (Massif Central, France): new 40 Ar/39 Ar constraints on the Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene activity. Bulletin of Volcanology, 76, 798. Sørensen, H., Bernth, U., & Brousse, R. (1999). Trachytes and phonolites from the Mont-Dore region, Auvergne, France. Geolines, (9), 114-118.
      • Riom
        • Charbonnières-les-Varennes
          • Beaunit
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
        • Saint-Georges-de-Mons
Brousse, R. & Lefèvre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe limitrophe. «Guides géologiques régionaux». Masson, Paris. Brousse, R. (1961). Minéralogie et pétrographie des roches volcaniques du Massif du Mont-Dore. Bull. Soc. Franc. Min4ral. Crist, 84, 245-259. Lenoir, X., Garrido, C. J., Bodinier, J. L., & Dautria, J. M. (2000). Contrasting lithospheric mantle domains beneath the Massif Central (France) revealed by geochemistry of peridotite xenoliths. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 181(3), 359-375. Maury, R. C., & RC, M. (1980). Le volcanisme tertiaire et quaternaire en France. Géologie de la France, Mémoires du Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières, Paris, 107, 138-159.
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Saône-et-Loire
      • Charolles
Bellon, H., Gillot, P. Y., & Nativel, P. (1974). Eocene volcanic activity in Bourgogne, Charollais, Massif Central (France). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 23(1), 53-58. Brousse, R., & Nativel, P. (1964). Le volcanisme recent de la Bourgogne et du Charollais. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 7(5), 678-690.
  • French Southern and Antarctic Lands
ARLIGUIE Michel collection
  • Guadeloupe
    • Basse-Terre
      • Vieux-Habitants
Ch. Lefèvre and Ph. Cocusse, Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 189-208.
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Limoges
D. Coffrant, Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1974, 97, pp. 70-78.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Saint-Girons
        • Seix
          • Salau
Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 633-644.
    • Aveyron
      • Millau
        • Pont-de-Salars
G. Trolliard et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 439-448.
      • Rodez
        • Arvieu coronitic metanorite outcrop
Inventaire Minéralogique de la France Aveyron Editions du BRGM
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
Ambert, P., Balestro, F., Laroche, M., Figueroa, V. and Rovira, S. (2014) Technological aspects of the earliest metallurgy in France: ‘furnaces’ and slags from La Capitelle du Broum (Péret, France). Historical Metallurgy 47(1), 60-74.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Haßberge District
        • Maroldsweisach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Hesse
    • Darmstadt
      • Main-Kinzig-Kreis
        • Hanau
S. Weiss: Mineralfundstellen Deutschland West, Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
No reference listed
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Pellenz
        • Nickenich
Hand Egon Künzel, Günter Blaß, Willi Schüller (2011) Mineralien - Bomben - Grottensteine: Der Nickenicher Weinberg. Lapis, 36, #7-8, 55-66
  • Saxony
    • Dresden
      • Plauenscher Grund
Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Diethensdorf (Claußnitz)
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Penig
H. Vollstädt, R. Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd. ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Segeberg
      • Damsdorf - Stocksee - Tensfeld area
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Schmalkalden-Meiningen District
      • Floh-Seligenthal
        • Schnellbach
No reference listed
Greece
 
  • East Macedonia and Thrace
    • Rhodope
      • Thermes
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 733-738.
  • South Aegean
    • Thira
      • Santorini Island
Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Greenland
 
  • Avannaata
    • Nuussuaq Peninsula
Benson, W.N. (1940): Kaersutite and other brown Amphiboles in the Cainozoic Igneous rocks of the Dunedin District, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, Vol. 69, 283-308
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Reitzels Forlag København. Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p. 296)
  • Qeqertalik
    • Disko Island
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.277)
Hungary
 
  • Fejér County
    • Bicskei District
Guzmics, T., Kodolányi, J., Kovács, I., Szabó, C., Bali, E., & Ntaflos, T. (2008). Primary carbonatite melt inclusions in apatite and in K-feldspar of clinopyroxene-rich mantle xenoliths hosted in lamprophyre dikes (Hungary). Mineralogy and Petrology, 94(3-4), 225-242. Szabó, C., Kubovics, I., & Molnár, Z. (1993). Alkaline lamprophyre and related dyke rocks in NE Transdanubia, Hungary: the Alcsútdoboz-2 (AD-2) borehole. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 127-148.
  • Heves County
    • Recsk
Szakáll - Gatter: Minerals of Hungary
  • Nógrád County
    • Salgótarján
EGU / EGS - AGU - EUG Joint Assembly, Abstracts from the meeting held in Nice, France, 6 - 11 April 2003, abstract #748 "Silicate melt inclusions in olivine phenocrysts from Hegyestu (Bakony-Balaton Highland) and Pecsko alkaline basalts (Nograd-Gomor), Hungary"
  • Veszprém County
    • Balatonfüred district
      • Zánka
XVI ECROFI European Current Research On Fluid Inclusions, Porto 2001, Abstracts (Eds F. Noronha, A. Dória and A. Guedes), Faculdade de Ciências do Porto, Departamento de Geologia, Memória nº 7, pp. 237-240. Porto, 2001
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Krishna District
Leelanandam, C, 1997, The Kondapalli Layered Complex, Andhra Pradesh, India : A Synoptic Overview, Gondwana Research, v. 1, Pages 95–114
  • Jharkhand
    • Ramgarh District
Handbook of Mineralogy; Miyashiro, A. and T. Iiyama (1954) A preliminary note on a new mineral, indialite, polymorphic with cordierite. Proceedings of the Japan Academy: 30: 746-751.
  • Kerala
    • Palghat District
RARE-EARTHS, THORIUM, ZIRCONIUM, AND TITANIUM-RICH TREMOLITE-ACTINOLITE ROCK FROM VATTALAKKI, PALGHATDISTRICT, KERALA, INDIA: A PRELIMINARY PETROGRAPHIC AND GEOCHEMICAL STUDY MADHUPARNA SARKAR, V. RAM PRASAD, D.S.R. MURTHY, AND R. DHANA RAJU Regional Centre for Exploration and Research Atomic Minerals Division Department of Atomic Energy Bangalore-560 072
  • Maharashtra
    • Jalgaon District
      • Dharangaon Taluka
Götze, J.; Hofmann, B.; Machałowski, T.; Tsurkan, M.V.; Jesionowski, T.; Ehrlich, H.; Kleeberg, R.; Ottens, B. (2020) Biosignatures in Subsurface Filamentous Fabrics (SFF) from the Deccan Volcanic Province, India. Minerals 10, 540.
  • Rajasthan
    • Jodhpur Division
      • Sirohi District
        • Deri-Ambaji Zn-Pb-Cu deposit
Deb, M., 1980, Genesis and Metamorphism of Two Stratiform Massive Sulfide Depoosits at Ambaji and Deri in the Precambrian of Western India, Economic Geology, 75:572-591
Indonesia
 
  • Lampung Province
    • Krakatoa volcanoes (Krakatau)
Smithsonian, Global Volcanism Program, monthly reports.
  • South Sulawesi Province
Elburg, M. A., van Leeuwen, T., & Foden, J. (2002). Origin of geochemical variability by arc–continent collision in the Biru area, southern Sulawesi (Indonesia). Journal of Petrology, 43(4), 581-606. Van Leeuwen, T. M. (1981). The geology of southwest Sulawesi with special reference to the Biru area. The Geology and Tectonics of Eastern Indonesia, 277-304.
  • West Java Province
    • Garut Regency
Abdurrachman, Mirzam and Yamomota, Masatsugu (2012) Geochemical variation of Quaternery volcanic rocks in Papandayan area, West Java, Indonesia :A role of crustal component :Journal og the Geological Society of Thailand
Iran
 
  • Alborz Province
    • Taleqan County
Stalder, P. (1971). Magmatismes tertiaire et subrécent entre Taleghan et Alamout, Elbourz central (Iran). Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 51, 1-38.
Italy
 
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Metropolitan City of Bologna
      • Camugnano
Morandi, N., Felice, G., Grillini, G.C., Pini, G.A. (1982) Studio mineralogico-petrografico dei litotipi dell'ofiolite di Serra del Zanchetto (Bologna). Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 38, 2, 849-855.
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Rocca di Papa
Lacroix, A. (1917) Les formes grenues du magma leucitique du volcan laziale. Comptes Rendu hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, 165, 1029-1035.
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Cene
        • Rossa Valley
Maida, F. (2002): Descrizione delle specie e varietà di minerali e loro ritrovamento nella Bergamasca. G.O.M. Gruppo Orobico Minerali - Novecento Grafico, Ed., Bergamo 82 pp. (geologic part by F. Pezzotta).
    • Sondrio Province
      • Novate Mezzola
        • Codera Valley
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Vercelli Province
      • Varallo Sesia
Sessa, G., Moroni, M., Tumiati, S., Caruso, S., & Fiorentini, M. L. (2017). Ni-Fe-Cu-PGE ore deposition driven by metasomatic fluids and melt-rock reactions in the deep crust: the ultramafic pipe of Valmaggia, Ivrea-Verbano, Italy. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 485-509.
  • Sicily
    • Agrigento Province
      • Pelagie Islands (Pelagian Islands)
Henry Stephens Washington (1908) Linosa and its Rocks. The Journal of Geology (January-February 1908)
    • Trapani Province
Civetta L., D’Antonio M., Orsi G., Tilton G.R. (1998): The geochemistry of volcanic rocks from Pantelleria Island, Sicily Channel: petrogenesis and characteristics of the mantle source region. Journal of Petrology, 1453-1491.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Moena
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
      • San Giovanni di Fassa
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
  • Tuscany
    • Metropolitan City of Florence
Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. I minerali della formazione ofiolitica dell'Impruneta (FI). Riv. Miner. Ital., 20: 81-98.
Brizzi G., Meli R. (1996) - I minerali della formazione ofiolitica dell'Impruneta (FI). - Riv. Mineral. Ital., 20 1: 81-98.
Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996 - I minerali della formazione ofiolitica dell'Impruneta (FI). - Riv. Mineral. Ital., 20 1: 81-98.
    • Pisa Province
      • Montecatini Val di Cecina
D'Achiardi, A. (1872-73) Mineralogia della Toscana. Tipografia Nistri, Pisa, 2 vol., 678 pp.
Japan
 
  • Aichi Prefecture
    • Shinshiro city
Kuno, H. (1960). High-alumina basalt. Journal of petrology, 1(1), 121-145. SAWAI, M., & SHIMAZU, M. (1979). A trachyte dike in the northern part of Shidara area, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. The Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 74(2), 68-78.
  • Chiba Prefecture
    • Minamiboso City
      • Wada-machi
  • Hyogo Prefecture
    • Kobe City
Huzita, K., et al. (1971) Geology and Geomorphology of the Rokko Area, Kinki District, Japan. Journal of Geosciences, Osaka City University, 14, 71-124.
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
    • Kumage District
      • Yakushima
Zyunpei Harada (1936) Chemische Analysenresultate von japanischen Mineralien. journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido Imperial University, Series IV, Vol 3, #3-4.
  • Okayama Prefecture
    • Kume District
      • Misaki-cho
        • Yanahara mine (Yanahara mining district)
T. Kato (1922) Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography, 1, #3-4, 77-116.
  • Shimane Prefecture
    • Hamada City
Masaru Yamaguchi (1964) Petrogenic Significance of Ultrabasic Inclusions in Basaltic Rocks from Southwest Japan. Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 163-219.
    • Oki District
      • Okinoshima
        • Oki Islands
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.145 Tomita, T. (1936). Geology of Dogo, Oki islands in the Japan sea. Shanghai Sci Inst, Sec. 2, 2, 37-146. UCHIMIZU, M. (1966). Geology and petrology of alkali rocks from Dogo, Oki Islands. J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sec. 2, 16, 85-159. Nagasawa, H. (1973). Rare-earth distribution in alkali rocks from Oki-Dogo Island, Japan. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 39(4), 301-308. Nakamura, E., Campbell, I. H., McCulloch, M. T., & Sun, S. S. (1989). Chemical geodynamics in a back arc region around the Sea of Japan: implications for the genesis of alkaline basalts in Japan, Korea, and China. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 94(B4), 4634-4654. Nakamura, E., McCulloch, M. T., & Campbell, I. H. (1990). Chemical geodynamics in the back-arc region of Japan based on the trace element and Sr Nd isotopic compositions. Tectonophysics, 174(3-4), 207-233.
Masaru Yamaguchi (1964) Petrogenic Significance of Ultrabasic Inclusions in Basaltic Rocks from Southwest Japan. Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 163-219.
  • Shizuoka Prefecture
    • Shimoda City
Kato, T. (1924) Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography, 3, #2, 59-70.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Issyk-Kul Region
Soloviev, S. G. (2011). Geology, mineralization, and fluid Inclusion characteristics of the Kensu W-Mo skarn and Mo-W-Cu-Au alkalic porphyry deposit, Tien Shan, Kyrgyzstan. Economic Geology, 106(2), 193-222.
Libya
 
  • Jabal al Gharbi District
    • Gharyan (Gharian)
Lustrino, M., Cucciniello, C., Melluso, L., Tassinari, C. C., dè Gennaro, R., & Serracino, M. (2012). Petrogenesis of Cenozoic volcanic rocks in the NW sector of the Gharyan volcanic field, Libya. Lithos, 155, 218-235.
Madagascar
 
  • Androy
    • Ambovombe-Androy
      • Ampamata
Majmundar, H.H. (1970a): Wernerite and feldspar from Madagascar, Canadian Mineralogist 10: 740-743
  • Anosy
    • Amboasary Sud
      • Esira
Majmundar, H.H.(1970): Wernerite and feldspar from Madagascar, Canadian Mineralogist. 10: 740-743
      • Manevy
Majmundar, H.H.(1970): Wernerite and feldspar from Madagascar, Canadian Mineralogist. 10: 740-743
Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium collection Sample # 13446
  • Atsimo-Andrefana
pers. com. K.E.Larsen april 2006
      • Fotadrevo
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871; Ashwal, L.D. , Hamilton, M.A., Morel, V. P. I, and Rambeloson, R. A. (1998 ) Geology, petrology and isotope geochemistry of massif-type anorthosites from southwest Madagascar. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 133 (4): 389-401
pers. com. K.E.Larsen april 2006
pers. com. K.E.Larsen april 2006
      • Maniry
        • Bokonaky Ambony
http://www.madagascarminerals.com
    • Benenitra
      • Ehara
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.577)
  • Atsimo-Atsinanana
    • Farafangana
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.577)
  • Itasy
    • Soavinandriana District
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.577)
John Sobolewski photo and specimen
  • Vakinankaratra
    • Antsirabe II
      • Ambohitsimanova
Rakotondrazafy, A.F.M., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Rakotosamizanany, S., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Maluski, H., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., and Ratrimo, V. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 134-154.; Giuliani, G.; Groat, L.A.; Fallick, A.E.; Pignatelli, I.; Pardieu, V. (2020) Ruby Deposits: A Review and Geological Classification. Minerals 10, 597.
  • Vatovavy Fitovinany
    • Vohipeno
Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.577)
Mexico
 
  • Jalisco
    • Colima volcanic complex
Alok Krishna Gupta (2015) Origin of Potassium-rich Silica-deficient Igneous Rocks. Springer India
Middle East
 
Weinstein, Y., Navon, O., Altherr, R., & Stein, M. (2006). The role of lithospheric mantle heterogeneity in the generation of Plio-Pleistocene alkali basaltic suites from NW Harrat Ash Shaam (Israel). Journal of Petrology, 47(5), 1017-1050. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.138 Mittlefehldt, D. W. (1984). Genesis of clinopyroxene-amphibole xenoliths from Birket Ram: trace element and petrologic constraints. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 88(3), 280-287.
Mongolia
 
  • Dornod Province
    • Dashbalbar District
Andreyeva, Y. D., Yashina, R. M., & Garam, D. (1987). NEPHELINE PLUTONS OF MONGOLIA. Doklady Earth science sections, 294, 110-112.
  • Khovd Province
    • Myangad District
      • Khaldzan Buragtag massif
Kovalenko, V. I., Tsaryeva, G. M., Goreglyad, A. V., Yarmolyuk, V. V., Troitsky, V. A., Hervig, R. L., & Farmer, G. (1995). The peralkaline granite-related Khaldzan-Buregtey rare metal (Zr, Nb, REE) deposit, western Mongolia. Economic Geology, 90(3), 530-547.
  • Töv Province
    • Choir-Nyalga basin
Peretyazhko, I. S., Savina, E. A., Khromova, E. A., Karmanov, N. S., & Ivanov, A. V. (2018) Unique Clinkers and Paralavas from a New Nyalga Combustion Metamorphic Complex in Central Mongolia: Mineralogy, Geochemistry, and Genesis. Petrology, 26(2), 181-211.
Morocco
 
  • Souss-Massa Region
    • Taroudant Province
      • Jebel Siroua
El Adnani, M., Plante, B., Benzaazoua, M., Hakkou, R., & Bouzahzah, H. (2016). Tailings weathering and arsenic mobility at the abandoned Zgounder Silver Mine, Morocco. Mine Water and the Environment, 35(4), 508-524.
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Kyauk-Pyat-That
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Dâures
      • Brandberg Area
https://web.archive.org/web/20070317033342/http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/petroj/online/Volume_39/Issue_02/html/egb091_gml.html
New Zealand
 
  • Canterbury Region
    • Christchurch City
Speight, R. (1943) The Geology of Banks Peninsula-a Revision. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand: Vol. 74, Part III, 232-254.
    • Selwyn District
      • Coalgate
Carlson, J.R., Rodgers, K.A. (1974) The Coalgate Bentonite. A Ferriferrous-Beidellite Deposit from Canterbury, New Zealand. Clay Minerals: 10: 153-172.
Thornton, J. Minerals from View Hill quarry in "Essence of Microscope"
  • Gisborne Region
    • Hicks Bay
Cody, A.D., Grammer, T.R. (1981) Geochemical survey of stream sediments Pukeamaru Range East Cape, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 24:1, 21-29.
  • Waikato Region
    • Matamata-Piako District
      • Te Aroha
Wodzicki, A., Weissberg, B.G. (1970) Structural control of base metal mineralisation at the Tui Mine, Te Aroha, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 13:3, 610-630.
  • West Coast Region
    • Grey District
Waight, T.E. (1995) The geology and geochemistry of the Hohonu Batholith and adjacent rocks, North Westland, New Zealand. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Canterbury, New Zealand (in 2 vols).
Norway
 
  • Innlandet
    • Lom
      • Leirdalen
Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp. (p.124)
Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp. (p.125)
  • Jan Mayen Island
www.albany.edu/geosciences/cwhitems.html.
  • Nordland
    • Fauske
      • Sulitjelma
Mason, R. (1967) Electron-probe microanalysis of coronas in a troctolite from Sulitjelma, Norway. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 504-514.
Andersen, T. (1984). Crystallization history of a Permian composite monzonite-alkali syenite pluton in the Sande cauldron, Oslo rift, southern Norway. Lithos, 17, 153-170. Anthony, E. Y., Segalstad, T. V., & Neumann, E. R. (1989). An unusual mantle source region for nephelinites from the Oslo Rift, Norway. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 53(5), 1067-1076. Corfu, F., & Dahlgren, S. (2008). Perovskite U–Pb ages and the Pb isotopic composition of alkaline volcanism initiating the Permo-Carboniferous Oslo Rift. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 265(1-2), 256-269. Dons, J. A. (1952). Studies on the Igneous Rock Complex of the Oslo Region XI Compound Volcanic Neck. Igneous Dykes and Fault Zone in the Ullernâsen-Husebyâsen Area, Oslo. Vid. Akad. Skr. Klasse. 1952, 2, 1-96. Dons, J. A., & JA, D. (1978). TERMINOLOGY AND HISTORY OF INVESTIGATIONS. Dons, J. A. & Larsen, B.T. (Ed.). (1978). The Oslo paleorift: a review and guide to excursions; prepared for the NATO advanced study institute, held at Sundvollen near Oslo, July 27-August 5, 1977. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, 337. Heldal, T. & Neeb, P.R. 2000. Natural stone in Norway: production, deposits and developments. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Bulletin, 436, 15-26. Ihlen, P. M., & Vokes, F. M. (1978). Metallogeny associated with the Oslo rifting. The Oslo Paleorift. Norges geologiske undersøkelse, 337, 75-90. Kirstein, L. A., Davies, G. R., & Heeremans, M. (2006). The petrogenesis of Carboniferous–Permian dyke and sill intrusions across northern Europe. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 152(6), 721-742. Larsen, A. O. (1996). Rare earth minerals from the syenite pegmatites in the Olso Region, Norway. MINERALOGICAL SOCIETY SERIES, 7, 151-166. Larsen, A. O. (2010). The Langesundsfjord. History, Geology, Pegmatites, Minerals. Bode, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240. Larsen, A. O. (2010). The larvikite industry. Neumann, E. R. (1976). Compositional relations among pyroxenes, amphiboles and other mafic phases in the Oslo Region plutonic rocks: Publication no. 115 in the Norwegian Geotraverse project. Lithos, 9(2), 85-109. Neumann, E. R., & ER, N. (1978). PETROLOGY OF THE PLUTONIC ROCKS. ELSE-RAGNHILD, N. E. U. M. A. N. N. (1980). Petrogenesis of the Oslo Region larvikites and associated rocks. Journal of Petrology, 21(3), 499-531. Neumann, E.R. 1988. Isotopic and Petrological Relations of the Crust and Upper Mantle Under the Oslo Graben, southeast Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, Special Publications, 3, 7-13. Neumann, E. R., Tilton, G. R., & Tuen, E. (1988). Sr, Nd and Pb isotope geochemistry of the Oslo rift igneous province, southeast Norway. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52(8), 1997-2007. Oftedahl, C. (1952). Studies on the igneous rock complex of the Oslo region XIII. The lavas. Skr. Nor. Vidensk; Akad. Oslo, Mat. Naturv. KI, 3, 1-64. Oftedahl, C. (1953). The cauldrons, 13, Studies on the igneous rock complex of the Oslo Region. Skrifter Utgitt av det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi 1 Oslo. I Mat.-Naturv. Klasse. 1953. 3, 1-108. Oftedahl, C. (1960). Permian rocks and structures of the Oslo region. In Geology of Norway (Vol. 208, pp. 298-343). I Kommisjon hos H. Aschehoug & Co., Oslo. Oftedahl, C. (1960). Permian igneous rocks of the Oslo Graben, Norway: guide to excursions no. A 11 and no. C 7. Paper presented at the International Geological Congress, Norden, 1960. XXI Session, 1-23. Oftedahl, C., & Petersen, J. S. (1978). Southern part of the Oslo Rift. Norges geologiske undersøkelse Bulletin, 337, 163-199. Oftedal, I. W., Bergstøl, S., & Svinndal, S. (1960). The Larvik-Langesund and the Fen Areas: Larvikite and Nepheline Syenite Pegmatite Minerals, Per-alkaline Rocks, South Norway: Guide to Excursions No. A 12 and No. C8: International Geological Congress, XXI Session, Norden 1960. XXI Session, 1-17. Petersen, J. S. (1978). Structure of the larvikite-lardalite complex, Oslo-region, Norway, and its evolution. Geologische Rundschau, 67(1), 330-342. Piilonen, P. C., McDonald, A. M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R., & Larsen, A. O. (2012). The mineralogy and crystal chemistry of alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo rift valley, Norway. Part 1. Magmatic and secondary zircon: implications for petrogenesis from trace-element geochemistry. Mineralogical Magazine, 76(3), 649-672. Piilonen, P. C., McDonald, A. M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R., & Larsen, A. O. (2013). Mafic minerals of the alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo rift, Southern Norway. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(5), 735-770. Raade, G. (1972). Mineralogy of the miarolitic cavities in the plutonic rocks of the Oslo Region, Norway. Mineral. Rec, 3, 7-11. Ramberg, I.B. 1976. Gravity Interpretation of the Oslo Graben and associated igneous rocks. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, 325, 1-194. Segalstad, T. V. (1979). Petrology of the Skien basaltic rocks, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. Lithos, 12(3), 221-239. Sundvoll, B., & Larsen, B. T. (1993). Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd relationships in dyke and sill intrusions in the Oslo Rift and related areas. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, 425, 25-42. Tomkeieff, S. I. (1957). The Oslo Petrographical Province. Science Progress (1933-), 45(179), 429-446.
  • Rogaland
    • Eigersund
      • Hellvik
Geological Survey of Norway. The Industrial Mineral Database. Deposit Area 1101 - 604, Krokavatnet Nord.
Geological Survey of Norway. The Industrial Mineral Database. Deposit Area 1101 - 602, Litletjørna.
Geological Survey of Norway. The Industrial Mineral Database. Deposit Area 1101 - 613, Løgjen.
Geological Survey of Norway. The Industrial Mineral Database. Deposit Area 1101 - 611, Moifjellet.
Geological Survey of Norway. The Industrial Mineral Database. Deposit Area 1101 - 612, Piggsteintjørna.
Geological Survey of Norway. The Industrial Mineral Database. Deposit Area 1101 - 607, Slåsholmen.
Geological Survey of Norway. The Industrial Mineral Database. Deposit Area 1101 - 606, Soltjørna.
Geological Survey of Norway. The Industrial Mineral Database. Deposit Area 1101 - 614, Ulvhus.
Geological Survey of Norway. The Natural Stone Database. Deposit Area 1119 - 610. Grolandsvatnet
Geological Survey of Norway. The Natural Stone Database. Deposit Area 1119 - 604. Hetland
Geological Survey of Norway. The Natural Stone Database. Deposit Area 1119 - 605. Hettua.
Geological Survey of Norway. The Natural Stone Database. Deposit Area 1119 - 609. Hettua Øst.
Duchesne, J. C.-C. (ed.): (2001): The Rogaland Intrusive Massifs- an excursion guide. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Report no.: 2001.029.
Geological Survey of Norway. The Natural Stone Database. Deposit Area 1119 - 608. Lauvåsvatnet.
Geological Survey of Norway. The Natural Stone Database. Deposit Area 1119 - 612. Mjølhus.
      • Sirevåg
Geological Survey of Norway. The Natural Stone Database. Deposit Area 1119 - 607. Beinskinnvatn Øst
Geological Survey of Norway. The Natural Stone Database. Deposit Area 1119 - 606. Beinskinnvatn Syd.
Svensen, S. Å. : (2004): Noen mineralforekomster i Rogaland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 23-29
Geological Survey of Norway. The Natural Stone Database. Deposit Area 1119 - 611. Timmerholtvatnet
  • Troms og Finnmark
    • Alta
      • Stjernøya Island
Cadow, R. (1993): Sm - Nd and Rb - Sr ages of hornblende clinopyroxenite and metagabbro from Lillebukt Alkaline Complex, Seiland Igneous Province. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 73, # 4, pp. 243 - 249.
    • Hasvik
Bøe, P. (2001): Geologi og mineralogi på Sørøya i Finnmark. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 23-29
    • Senja
      • Berg
Evans, A.M. (1997): An Introduction to Economic Geology and its Environmental Impact. Blackwell Science Ltd (Oxford), 370 pp.
Pacific Ocean
 
  • East Pacific Rise
R. Hekinian et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 691-698.
  • Sea of Japan
Astakhova, N. V., & Kolesnik, O. N. (2014). Ore mineralization in volcanic rocks from the submarine rises of the Sea of Japan. Geochemistry International, 52(2), 144-161.
Astakhova, N. V., & Kolesnik, O. N. (2014). Ore mineralization in volcanic rocks from the submarine rises of the Sea of Japan. Geochemistry International, 52(2), 144-161.
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Milne Bay Province
Smith, I. E. M. (1976). Peralkaline rhyolites from the D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea. In Volcanism in Australasia (pp. 275-285). Elsevier Amsterdam. Smith, I. E. M., & Compston, W. (1982). Strontium isotopes in Cenozoic volcanic rocks from southeastern Papua New Guinea. Lithos, 15(3), 199-206.
Traill, D.S. (1961) The Geology of Woodlark Island. Bureau of Mineral Resources, Geology and Geophysics, Department of National Development, Records 1961/111, 33 pages.
  • Southern Highlands Province
    • Lake Kopiago
Downes, P.M. (1994) The Bisamu and Wunaki mineral occurrences, Lake Kopiago, Papua New Guinea. In: Rogerson, R. (ed.) Proceedings of the PNG Geology, Exploration and MIning Conference 1994, Lae. The Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy.
Paraguay
 
  • Paraguarí Department
Alan R. Woolley: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, part 1, 207 (BMNH, London, 1987)
Alan R. Woolley: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, part 1, 207-208 (BMNH, London, 1987)
Peru
 
  • Puno
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1994, 6, pp. 145-150.
Poland
 
  • Lesser Poland Voivodeship
    • Nowy Targ County
      • Gmina Szczawnica
Wojciechowski J. 1955: O żyłach kruszcowych pod Szczawnicą. Biul. Inst. Geol. 101
Wojciechowski J. 1955: O żyłach kruszcowych pod Szczawnicą. Biul. Inst. Geol. 101
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko County
      • Gmina Lądek-Zdrój
        • Lutynia
Birkenmajer, K., Pécskay, Z., Grabowski, J., Lorenc, M. W., & Zagożdżon, P. P. (2002). Radiometric dating of the Tertiary volcanics in Lower Silesia, Poland. II. K-Ar and palaeomagnetic data from Neogene basanites near Lądek Zdrój, Sudetes Mts. In Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae (Vol. 72, No. 2, pp. 119-129). Birkenmajer, K., Pécskay, Z., Grabowski, J., Lorenc, M. W., & Zagożdżon, P. P. (2002). Radiometric dating of the Tertiary volcanics in Lower Silesia, Poland. III. K-Ar and palaeomagnetic data from Early Miocene basaltic volcanics near Jawor, Fore-Sudetic Block. In Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae (Vol. 72, No. 3, pp. 241-253).
      • Gmina Nowa Ruda
Borkowska M. 1985 - Skały gabrowe masywu Nowej Rudy w Sudetach i ich minerały. Geologia Sudetica, vol.XX, nr 1
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986) Minerały Dolnego Śląska [Minerals of the Lower Silesia]. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pages [in Polish].
      • Gmina Stronie Śląskie
        • Kletno
Gil, G.; Gunia, P.; Barnes, J.D.; Szymański, M.; Jokubauskas, P.; Kalbarczyk-Gil, A.; Bagiński, B. (2020) Origin of Talc and Fe-Ti-V Mineralization in the Kletno Deposit (the Śnieżnik Massif, SW Poland). Minerals 10, 13.
      • Nowa Ruda
Heflik W., Zabinski W. 1970 - A study of saussuritized gabbro from Słupiec (Lower Silesia). Prace Mineralogiczne Kom. Nauk. PAN Oddział Krakow T..23
    • Wałbrzych County
      • Gmina Mieroszów
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H. (1986) Minerały Dolnego Śląska [Minerals of the Lower Silesia]. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pages [in Polish].
    • Złotoryja County
      • Gmina Złotoryja
        • Wilków
Smulikowski, K., & Kozłowska-Koch, M. (1984). Basaltoids of Wilcza Góra near Złotoryja (Lower Silesia) and their enclosures. Archiwum Mineralogiczne, 40(1), 53-101. Kozłowska-Koch, M. (1981). Petrography of ultramafic nodules in the nephelinites from Księginki near Lubań (Lower Silesia). Archiwum Mineralogiczne, 37(1), 33-56. Matusiak-Małek, M., Puziewicz, J., Ntaflos, T., Grégoire, M., Kukuła, A., & Wojtulek, P. M. (2017). Origin and evolution of rare amphibole-bearing mantle peridotites from Wilcza Góra (SW Poland), Central Europe. Lithos, 286, 302-323.
Portugal
 
  • Guarda
    • Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo
      • Escalhão
Gaspar, L.M. and Inverno, C.M. (2000): Mineralogy and metasomatic evolution of distal strata-bound scheelite skarns in the Riba de Alva mine, northeastern Portugal. Econ. Geol. 95, 1259-1275.
  • Lisbon
    • Sintra
Rui Nunes 2010; Grange, M., Scharer, U., Merle, R., Girardeau, J., & Cornen, G. (2010). Plume–lithosphere interaction during migration of Cretaceous alkaline magmatism in SW Portugal: evidence from U–Pb ages and Pb–Sr–Hf isotopes. Journal of Petrology, 51(5), 1143-1170. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. (2002). Igneous rocks. A classification and glossary of terms, 2. Macintyre, R. M., & Berger, G. W. (1982). A note on the geochronology of the Iberian Alkaline Province. Lithos, 15(2), 133-136. Sparks, R. S. J., & Wadge, G. (1975). Geological and geochemical studies of the Sintra alkaline igneous complex, Portugal. Bulletin Volcanologique, 39(3), 385-406. Wright, J. B. (1968). Re-interpretation of a mixed petrographic province—The Sintra intrusive complex (Portugal) and related rocks. Geologische Rundschau, 58(2), 538-564.
  • Madeira
Morais, J. Custódio de - A Ilha de Porto Santo e as suas Rochas; Publicações do Museu Mineralógico e Greológico da Universidade de Coimbra, Memórias e Notícias No. 12; Tipografia da Atlântida, 1943.
Republic of the Congo
 
  • Lékoumou Department
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 470-474.
Russia
 
  • Altai Krai
    • Gornyi Altai
      • Kharlovo
I.I Likhanov et al., Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 379-389.
  • Arkhangelsk Oblast
    • Franz Josef Land
Sklyarov, E.V., Karyakin, Yu.V., Karmanov, N.S., Tolstykh, N.D. (2016): Platinum-group minerals in dolerites from Alexandra Land Island: (Franz Josef Land Archipelago). Russian Geology and Geophysic: 57: 834–841
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Kartalinsky District
Plotinskaya, O. Y., Grabezhev, A. I., & Seltmann, R. (2015). Rhenium in ores of the Mikheevskoe porphyry Cu-Mo deposit, South Urals. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(2), 118-132.
    • Plastovsky District
      • Plast
Kolisnichenko, S.V. & Popov, V.A. (2008): "Russian Brazilia" on Southern Ural. Encyplodepia Uralskogo Kamniya. Sanarka 2008, 528p (in Russian)
  • Kamchatka Krai
Sandimirova, E. I., Sidorov, E. G., Chubarov, V. M., Ibragimova, E. K., & Antonov, A. V. (2014). Native metals and intermetallic compounds in heavy concentrate halos of the Ol’khovaya-1 River, Kamchatsky Mys Peninsula, eastern Kamchatka. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 657-664.
    • Tolbachik volcano
      • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
        • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
          • Second scoria cone
Shchipalkina, N. V., Pekov, I. V., Koshlyakova, N. N., Britvin, S. N., Zubkova, N. V., Varlamov, D. A., & Sidorov, E. G. (2020). Unusual silicate mineralization in fumarolic sublimates of the Tolbachik volcano, Kamchatka, Russia–Part 2: Tectosilicates. European Journal of Mineralogy, 32(1), 121-136.
  • Khakassia
    • Askizsky Rayon
      • Askiz ore district
Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Evenkiysky District
      • Nizhnyaya Tunguska River Basin (Lower Tunguska River)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Khatanga
          • Malaya Romanikha River
Frank K. Mazdab collection (see https://www.rockptx.com/fkm-226-to-fkm-250/#FKM-226 for normalized analyses)
    • Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District
Shchukina, E.V., Afanasiev, V.P., Lobov, K.V., Malygina, E.V. and Pokhilenko, N.P., 2017, March. New data on the composition of tagamites of the Popigai astrobleme. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 473, No. 1, pp. 333-337). Pleiades Publishing.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Kataranskii Cape
Yefimov, M.M., et al (1986), ZVMO: 115(6): 720-721; Bukanov, V.V. (1989) ZVMO: 118(2): 104-110.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    • Monchegorsk
Huber, M., Mokrushin, A., Kudryshov, N., Neradovski, J. (2015): PGE mineralization in the gabbro rocks from the Monchegorsk Region (Kola region, Russia). Mineralogia Special Papers: 44: 46
  • Perm Krai
    • Gornozavodskii District
      • Saranovskaya Village (Sarany)
Ivanov, O. K. (1975): Pumpellyite from the Saranovsk chromite deposit at the Urals. Trudy Sverdlovskogo Gornogo Instituta im. V. V. Vakhrusheva 106, 146-148 (in Russian).
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Arminsky ore district
      • Vostok
Gvozdev, V. I. (2001) The Arminsky Ore District. pp87-97 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Louhi District
      • Oulanka plutonic complex
        • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1227-1233.
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Soloviev, S.G., Kryazhev, S.G., and Dvurechenskaya, S.S., (2013) Geology, mineralization, stable isotope geochemistry, and fluid inclusion characteristics of the Novogodnee-Monto oxidized Au-(Cu) skarn and porphyry deposit, Polar Ural, Russia: Mineralium Deposits, v. 48, p. 603–627.
Saint Lucia
 
  • Grande Rivière Village
    • Morne Serpent hill
M. Le Guen de Kerneizon et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1982, 105, pp. 203-211.
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mecca Region
Camp, V. E., & Roobol, M. J. (1989). The Arabian continental alkali basalt province: Part I. Evolution of Harrat Rahat, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 101(1), 71-95. Camp, V. E., & Roobol, M. J. (1991). Geological Map of Cenozoic Lava Field of Harrat Rahat. Saudi Arabian Deputy Ministry for mineral Resources, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Geosciences Map GM-123, scale, 1(250,000). Moufti, M. R., Moghazi, A. M., & Ali, K. A. (2013). 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the Neogene-Quaternary Harrat Al-Madinah intercontinental volcanic field, Saudi Arabia: implications for duration and migration of volcanic activity. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 62, 253-268.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Lučenec District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Pinciná
M. Huraiova et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 901-916.
      • Podrečany
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Rimavská Sobota District
      • Hajnáčka
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Žarnovica District
      • Hodruša-Hámre
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Nová Baňa
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Žiar nad Hronom District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Zvolen District
      • Breziny
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava District
      • Rochovce
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Sobrance District
Bacsó,Z.,Ďuďa,R.,1988: Metalogenéza a rudné formácie rudného poľa Remetské Hámre. Min.Slovaca,Bratislava, 3, 193-220p
  • Nitra Region
    • Levice District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov District
      • Červenica
        • Dubník
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
      • Tulčík
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
      • Zlatá Baňa
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
South Korea
 
  • Gangwon Province
    • Samchok City
      • Puksam-myon
Kinosaki, Y. (1941) Jour. Min. Soc. Korea, 24, 12.
Haraguchi, K. (1931). Saishu volcano. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Chosen (Korea), 10, 1-12. Won, J. K., Matsuda, J. I., Nagao, K., Kim, K. H., & Lee, M. W. (1986). Paleomagnetism and radiometric age of trachytes in Jeju Island, Korea. Economic and Environmental Geology, 19(1), 25-33. Lee, D.S. (ed) 1988. Geology of Korea. Kyohak-Sa Publishing, Seoul. Choi, S. H., Jwa, Y. J., & Lee, H. Y. (2001). Geothermal gradient of the upper mantle beneath Jeju Island, Korea: Evidence from mantle xenoliths. Island arc, 10(2), 175-193. Tatsumi, Y., Shukuno, H., Yoshikawa, M., Chang, Q., Sato, K., & Lee, M. W. (2005). The petrology and geochemistry of volcanic rocks on Jeju Island: plume magmatism along the Asian continental margin. Journal of Petrology, 46(3), 523-553. Brenna, M., Cronin, S. J., Smith, I. E., Sohn, Y. K., & Maas, R. (2012). Spatio-temporal evolution of a dispersed magmatic system and its implications for volcano growth, Jeju Island Volcanic Field, Korea. Lithos, 148, 337-352. Yang, K., Arai, S., Yu, J. E., Yun, S. H., Kim, J. S., & Hwang, J. Y. (2012). Gabbroic xenoliths and megacrysts in the Pleisto-Holocene alkali basalts from Jeju Island, South Korea: The implications for metasomatism of the lower continental crust. Lithos, 142, 201-215. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.155
Spain
 
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Camporrells
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
      • Estopiñán del Castillo / Estopanyà
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
      • Sopeira
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
  • Cantabria
    • Santander
B. Azambre et al. , Bull. Minéral; , 1987, 110, pp. 379-396.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
      • Atienza
        • Alpedroches
- Majarena Serrano, U. (2015): El Magmatismo del sector de Atienza (Guadalajara): Cartografía geológica, estudio estructural, petrología y geoquímica y modelo de emplazamiento. Trabajo Fin de Grado. Directores: Dr. Marceliano Lago San José y Dr. Andrés Gil Imaz, Depto. Ciencias de la Tierra, Universidad de Zaragoza, 41 pg.
  • Catalonia
    • Girona
      • Santa Pau
Torró, L., Martin, R. F., Schumann, D., Cox, J., Galí Medina, S., & Melgarejo Draper, J. C. (2018). The incipient flash melting of scapolite and plagioclase megacrysts in alkali basalts of the Olot suite, Catalunya, Spain, and at Chuquet Genestoux, Puy-de-Dôme, France. European Journal of Mineralogy, 30(1), 45-59.
  • Community of Madrid
    • Alpedrete
Jiménez Martínez, R., González Laguna, R., Lozano Fernández, R.P., Paradas Herrero, Á., Baeza Chico, E., Torres Matilla, M.J. y Cabrera Andonaegui, B. 2013. Colección de Minerales de las Comunidades y Ciudades Autónomas del Museo Geominero: Catálogo de la Comunidad de Madrid. Cuadernos del Museo Geominero, 16, publicación en CD-ROM.
  • Extremadura
    • Cáceres
      • Garrovillas de Alconétar
Weibel, M. (1955): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 4, 379-411.
Sweden
 
  • Jämtland County
    • Östersund
Agarwal, A., Reznik, B., Kontny, A., Heissler, S., & Schilling, F. (2016). Lingunite-a high-pressure plagioclase polymorph at mineral interfaces in doleritic rock of the Lockne impact structure (Sweden). Scientific reports, 6.
  • Jönköping County
    • Jönköping
      • Månsarp
J.H.L. Vogt: About ironmines in Norway and Sweden GFF 13
  • Skåne County
    • Kristianstad
      • Östra Sönnarslöv
  • Stockholm County
    • Norrtälje
      • Väddö
Wilke, H.-J. (1997): Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 200 pp. (in German)
Taiwan
 
  • Taiwan Province
CHEN, C. H., LIU, T. K., & JIH-LO, H. U. A. N. N. (1989). An alkali basaltic dike in Lailai, northeastern coast of Taiwan. Proceedings of the Geological Society of China, 32, 295-316.
Tajikistan
 
  • Sughd
    • Gissar Range
Soloviev, S. G., Kryazhev, S. G., & Dvurechenskaya, S. S. (2019). Genesis of the Maikhura tungsten-tin skarn deposit, Tajik Tien Shan: Insights from petrology, mineralogy, and fluid inclusion study. Ore Geology Reviews, 104, 561-588.
    • Zeravshan Range
      • Yagnob River
Nasdala, L., & Pekov, I. V. (1993). Ravatite, C14HIO, a new organic mineral species from Ravat, Tadzhikistan. Eur. J. Mineral, 5, 699-705.
Tanzania
 
  • Pwani Region
    • Kisarawe District
      • Pugu Hills
Schwaighofer, B., & Müller, H. W. (1987). Mineralogy and genesis of the Pugu Hill kaolin deposit, Tanzania. Clay Minerals, 22(4), 401-409.
Thailand
 
  • Lampang Province
Barr, S. M., & MacDonald, A. S. (1981). Geochemistry and geochronology of late Cenozoic basalts of Southeast Asia: Summary. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 92, Part I, 508-512; Part II, 1069-1142. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lamere, J. (2002). Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of terms; Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences. In Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous rocks. Cambridge University Press. Barr, S. M., MacDonald, A. S., Haile, N. S., & Reynolds, P. H. (1976). Palaeomagnetism and age of the Lampang Basalt (northern Thailand) and age of the underlying pebble tools. Journal of the Geological Society of Thailand, 2(1-2), 1-10.
Tonga
 
Bauer, G.R. (1970) The Geology of Tofua Island, Tonga. Pacific Science, 24, 333-350.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Landewednack
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • St Keverne
        • Coverack
Majendie, A. (1818): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 1, 32-37.
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    • Cumbria
Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report n° 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968 and Fortey, 1978).
      • Copeland
        • Ennerdale and Kinniside
BMS Database
    • Derbyshire
      • Derbyshire Dales District
        • Blackwell in the Peak
BMS Database
      • High Peak
        • Wormhill
Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993) The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13:16-55
    • East Yorkshire (East Riding of Yorkshire)
      • Aldbrough
Paul Render
      • Easington
Paul Render
  • Northern Ireland
    • Ulster
      • Co. Antrim
F. Rutley: "Elements of Mineralogy", 12th Ed. (1900)
        • Larne
Tilley, C.E. (1937) Wollastonite Solid Solutions from Scawt Hill, Co. Antrim. Mineralogical Magazine: 24(158): 569-572. http://rruff.info/uploads/MM24_569.pdf.
      • Co. Down
F. Rutley: "Elements of Mineralogy", 12th Ed. (1900)
  • Scotland
    • Argyll and Bute
      • Isle of Mull
http://jncc.defra.gov.uk/pdf/gcrdb/GCRsiteaccount21.pdf
    • East Ayrshire
Howie, R.A. (1963) Kaersutite from the Lugar sill, Ayrshire, and from alnöite breccia, Alnö Island, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 33, n° 263, 718-720.
    • East Dunbartonshire
F. Rutley: "Elements of Mineralogy", 12th Ed. (1900)
    • Highland
      • Fort William and Ardnamurchan
Graham, S.D., Holwell, D.A., McDonald, I., Jenkin, G.R.T., Hill, N.J., Boyce, A.J., Smith, J., Sangster, C. (2017) Magmatic Cu-Ni-PGE-Au sulfide mineralisation in alkaline igneous systems: An example from the Sron Garbh intrusion, Tyndrum, Scotland. Ore Geology Reviews: 80: 961-984.
    • Renfrewshire
BMS Database
    • Stirling
F. Rutley: "Elements of Mineralogy", 12th Ed. (1900)
Ukraine
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
  • Kirovohrad Oblast
Gurov, E. P., Kelley, S. P., Koeberl, C., & Dykan, N. I. (2006). Sediments and impact rocks filling the Boltysh impact crater. In Biological processes associated with impact events (pp. 335-358). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.; Gurov, E. P., Shekhunova, S. B., & Permyakov, V. V. (2015). Accessory and opaque minerals in impact melt rocks of the Boltysh structure, Ukraine. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 50(6), 1139-1155.
  • Zhytomyr Oblast
    • Chernyakhiv district
      • Golovine village
http://www.pegmatite.ru/; Bobrov A.B. (2014) Golovynske deposit of labradorite and gabbro-norite. OBJECT A3-2. IAGOD Field trip.
Grzegorz Słowik collection; Lebid, M. I., Kalinin, V. I., Kulish, E. O., Voinovsky, A. S., Lepigov, G. D., & Sukhodolsky, K. O. (200) Nonmetal Minerals of the Ukrainian Shield. Mineral. Journ. (Ukraine) 24(4):21-27
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Chambers Co.
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
Graeme, R. (1993) Bisbee revisited. The Mineralogical Record: 24: 421-436.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry - a possible guide for correlation of Miocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry - A possible guide for correlations of Miocene rocks in SW AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
      • Winchester Mountains
        • Winchester Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry -- a possible guide for correlation of Miocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 317, 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry - A possible guide for correlation of Miocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Copper Mountain Mining District (Clifton-Morenci Mining District)
MRDS database Dep. ID #10048294, MRDS ID #M800426.
    • Pima Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry - A possible guide for correlation of Miocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
      • Rincon Mountains
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry-A possible guide for correlation of Miocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
      • San Xavier (Tohono O'odom) Indian Reservation
        • Sierrita Mountains
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry - A possible guide for correlation of iocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
      • Sierrita Mountains
        • Pima Mining District (Olive Mining District; Mineral Hill Mining District; Twin Buttes Mining District)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry - A possible guide for correlation of iocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
      • Tucson Mountains
        • Amole Mining District
          • Tucson
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 329-330; Cooper, J.R. (1961), Turkey-track porphyry-A possible guide for correlation of Miocene rocks in southeastern AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 4: 17-35.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Patagonia Mountains
        • Patagonia Mining District
          • Mowry
            • Mowry Wash
              • Mowry Hill
Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, AZ, USGS Bull. 582: 301.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Big Bug Mining District
          • Mayer
Lindgren, W. (1926), USGS Bull. 782: 143-145.
      • Eureka Mining District
A.I.M.E. Ore Deposits of the Western States (1933): 511.
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
    • Hot Spring Co.
Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
J. Michael Howard (2007) Mineral Species of Arkansas ; Arkansas Geological Commission Bulletin 23
J. Michael Howard (2007) Mineral Species of Arkansas ; Arkansas Geological Commission Bulletin 23
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Panamint Mts (Panamint Range)
        • Panamint Mining District (Ballarat Mining District)
          • Panamint (old Panamint)
Geol. Soc. of America Bulletin, V 89, N 1, pp. 33-49.
    • Kern Co.
      • Boron
Cal Div of Mines & Geology "Mineral Information Service" V. 22 N. 10 Oct 1969
    • Los Angeles Co.
      • Palos Verdes peninsula
        • Palos Verdes Hills (Palos Verdes Cliffs)
Sharp, W.E. (1959) Minerals from Los Angeles County, California. Printed privately, Los Angeles, California: 4; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 360.
      • San Gabriel Mountains
        • Western San Gabriel Mountains
Miller, William John (1934), Geology of the western San Gabriel Mountains: University of California Los Angeles Pub. Math. and Physical Sci.: 1: 15-17; Higgs, Donald Val (1954a), Anorthosite and related rocks of the western San Gabriel Mountains, southern California: Univ. Calif., Dept. Geol. Sci.: 30: 177; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 183.
      • Santa Monica Mountains
Blackerby, B.A. (1968), Convolute zoning of plagioclase phenocrysts in Miocene volcanics from the western Santa Monica Mountains, California: American Mineralogist: 53: 954-962; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 360-361.
Andersen, Olaf (1917), Aventurine laboradorite from California: American Mineralogist: 2: 91; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 183.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
        • Crestmore quarries
          • Sky Blue Hill
AmMin 26:352-381
      • Riverside
Richmond, Gerald Martin (1939), Serendibite and associated minerals from the New City Quarry, Riverside, California: American Mineralogist: 24: 725-726; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 280.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • East Kramer Mining District
        • East Kramer Borate area (East Kramer Colemanite area)
MarekC (2018) pers. collection, Raman verified.
    • San Diego County
Merrill, F. J. H. 1914. Geology and Mineral Resources of San Diego and Imperial Counties: Gems, Lithia Minerals. California State Mining Bureau, San Francisco, Cal. California State Printing Office, December. Chapter 1, pages 61-110.
      • San Marcos Mountains
Larsen, Esper Signius and Draisin, W.M. (1948), Composition of the minerals in the rocks of the Southern California batholith. International Geologic Congress, 18th. Session, Great Britain, 1948, part 2: 66-79; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 364.
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Sedalia Mining District
("Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997); U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 829
    • Fremont Co.
      • Cotopaxi Mining District
        • Cotopaxi
          • Mine Gulch
Am Min 50:1179-1212
USGS Prof Paper 649
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Willow Creek Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Evergreen Mining District (Malachite Mining District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; USGS Prof Paper 223
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Airline Railroad
Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough).
      • Haddam
Foye, Wilbur G. (1926): The occurrence of thulite at Haddam, Connecticut. American Mineralogist: 11: 210.
  • Georgia
    • Greene Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
      • Union Point
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Hart Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Rabun Co.
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
  • Hawaii
    • Hawaii Co.
      • Kilauea Volcano
Dunham, K.C. (1933) The American Mineralogist, 18, 384. (from a Palache specimen at Harvard)
    • Honolulu Co.
      • Oahu
        • Koolau Range (Koolau caldera)
Dunham, K.C. (1933) The American Mineralogist, 18, 369-385.
Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 58, 1-48 (1947)
  • Idaho
    • Clark Co.
      • Spencer
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Fremont Co.
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    • Latah Co.
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    • Lemhi Co.
      • Indian Creek Mining District
        • Dump Creek
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Madison Co.
      • Rexburg area
Hamilton, W., and Myers, W.B. (1963), Geological Survey research 1962: Short papers in geology, hydrology, and topography: Articles 180-239: Menan Buttes, cones of glassy basalt tuff in the Snake River Plain, Idaho: USGS Professional Paper 450E: E114-E118. (DOI 10.3133/pp450E)
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Lewiston
Fisher, L.W. (1934) Graphite In Pegmatite. American Mineralogist, 19(4), 169-177. Morrill (1958) Maine Mines & Minerals: Vol 1 - Western Maine.
    • Franklin Co.
      • Alder Stream Township
Boudette, E., 1991, USGS Misc. Inv. Map I-2059
      • Redington
Boudette, E., 1991, USGS Misc. Inv. Map I-2059
    • Knox Co.
      • Appleton
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v1.
      • Union
Rainville, G. D. and Park, W. C. (1976) Nickeliferous Pyrrhotite Deposits, Knox County, Southeastern Maine in Lyons, P. C. and Brownlow, A. H. (editors) Studies in New England Geology, Memoir 146, Geological Society of America, p. 319-347.
      • Washington
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v1.
    • Oxford County
      • Bethel
Hitchcock, Charles, 1861, Seventh Annual Report to the Board of Maine Agriculture.
      • Grafton
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V.1
    • Piscataquis Co.
      • Big Moose Township
Espenshade, G. H. and Boudette, E. L., 1964, Geology of the Greenville Quadrangle Maine, US Geological Survey Quadrangle Map GQ-350. Espenshade, G. H. and Boudette, E. L., 1967, Geology and Petrology of the Greenville Quadrangle, Piscataquis and Somerset Counties, Maine, US Geological Survey Bulletin 1241-F, p F1-F60.
      • Katahdin Iron Works
Houston, Robert S., 1956, Genetic Study of Some Pyrrhotite Deposits of Maine and New Brunswick, Department of Development of Industry and Commerce, Augusta, Maine, pp. 117 + 6 plates.
      • Little Moose Township
Espenshade, G. H. and Boudette, E. L., 1964, Geology of the Greenville Quadrangle Maine, US Geological Survey Quadrangle Map GQ-350. Espenshade, G. H. and Boudette, E. L., 1967, Geology and Petrology of the Greenville Quadrangle, Piscataquis and Somerset Counties, Maine, US Geological Survey Bulletin 1241-F, p F1-F60.
    • York Co.
      • Kennebunkport
McHone, J. Gregory and Trygstad, Joyce C. (1982) Mesozoic Mafic Dikes of Southern Maine, Maine Geology, Bulletin 2, Geological Society of Maine, p. 16-32.
McHone, J. Gregory and Trygstad, Joyce C. (1982) Mesozoic Mafic Dikes of Southern Maine, Maine Geology, Bulletin 2, Geological Society of Maine, p. 16-32.
      • York
Wandke, A., 1922, A Petrologic Study of the Cape Neddick Gabbro, A, J Sci fifth series 4:295-304
Anderson, 1991. Maine Mineral Localities, 2nd ed.
Gilman, R., 1978, Bedrock Gepology of the Newfield 15' Quadrangle, Maine, ME Geol Surv OF-78-10.
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Sears, John Henry (1905): The Physical Geography, Geology, Mineralogy and Paleontology of Essex County, Massachusetts; Gleba, Peter (1978): Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities.
Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.197, 198, 206.
    • Hampden Co.
      • Holyoke
B.K. Emerson, Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.270
    • Hampshire Co.
Emerson, 1917. Geology of Mass. & Rhode Island, p.71-2
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Cambridge
Ross, Martin E. (2010): An Early Triassic 40Ar/39Ar age for a camptonite dyke in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA (Atlantic Geology, Volume 46).
Jaggar, 1898. American Geologist 21(4):203-212
  • Michigan
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Aldrich,L.T.,Davis,G.L.,and James,H.L.,(1965) Ages of Minerals From Metamorphic and Igneous Rocks Near Iron Mountain,Michigan :Journal of Petrology,v.6,p.445-472
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Keweenaw Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Lac La Belle
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Marquette Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Minnesota
    • Cook Co.
Winchell, A.N. (1900) Mineralogical and petrographic study of the gabbroid rocks of Minnesota, and more particularly, of the plagioclasytes. The American Geologist: 26(4): 197–245.
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Duluth
Taylor, R. B. (1964) Geology of the Duluth Gabbro Complex near Duluth, Minnesota: Minn. Geol. Surv. Bull. 44, 63 p.
  • Missouri
    • Iron Co.
WALTER, Jessica (2011) MINERALOGICAL COMPOSITION OF DIABASE AND ALTERED DOLOMITE NEAR ANNAPOLIS, MISSOURI. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 43, No. 5, p. 620
  • Montana
    • Glacier Co.
USGS PP 296(Ross,1959)
    • Powell Co.
KUNZ, Rebecca S., (2003) ALKALINE DIKES AND SILLS OF GARRISON, MT: A POSSIBLE EXTENSION OF THE CENTRAL MONTANA ALKALIC PROVINCE. GSA Rocky Mountain - 55th Annual Meeting (May 7-9, 2003)
McCallum,I.S (1996) The Stillwater Complex: A Review of the Geology: University of Washington,Seattle,WA,U.S.A.,98195 :Developments in Geology 1996
  • Nebraska
    • Dodge Co.
The Minerals and Gemstones of Nebraska CSD U Neb EC 2
    • Morrill Co.
The Minerals and Gemstones of Nebraska CSD U Neb EC 2
    • Thomas Co.
The Minerals and Gemstones of Nebraska CSD U Neb EC 2
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Black Mountains
        • Black Mountains Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Safford Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Coos Co.
      • Stark
Meyers & Stewart, 1956. Geology of NH, Part III., p. 27. ; Rocks & Minerals (1990) 65:304
    • Grafton Co.
Williams, Turner, Gilbert, 1954. Petrography
Rice, Jack M., Dickey, John S. Jr., and Lyons, John B. (1971): Skeletal Crystallization of Pseudobrookite (American Mineralogist 56:158-162.)
Hitchcock, Charles Henry (1905). The Geology of Littleton, New Hampshire (Cambridge MA: University Press).
    • Rockingham Co.
      • Nottingham
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
    • Bernalillo Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Northrop, 3rd rev. ed. (1996) Minerals of New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
      • Mogollon Mountains
Northrop, 3rd rev. ed. (1996) Minerals of New Mexico
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Cibola Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Doña Ana Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Organ Mountains
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
    • Grant Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Hidalgo Co.
      • Pyramid Mountains
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Capitan Mountains
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Tommy B. Thompson (1973) Mineral Deposits of Nogal and Bonito Mining Districts, New Mexico. New Mexico Bureau of Mines and Mineral Resources Circular 123.
    • Luna Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Rio Arriba Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Sandoval Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Sierra Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
    • Taos Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Torrance Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
      • Adirondack State Park
        • Newcomb (Tahawus)
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
      • North Elba Township
William J. Miller. Geology of the Lake Placid Quadrangle. Albany, University of the State of New York, 1919.
    • Franklin Co.
      • Saranac Lake
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    • Orange Co.
      • Town of Blooming Grove
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull., Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 66.
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 97.
      • Town of Warwick
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 96.
    • Putnam Co.
      • Town of Philipstown
        • Anthony's Nose
John Betts website: "The old mines and mineral localities on Anthony's Nose, on the East shore of the Hudson River"
    • Warren Co.
      • Johnsburg
Miller, William J. (1937). Genesis of Certain Adirondack Garnet Deposits (American Mineralogist 23: 399-408).
      • Johnsburg Township
Larsen, E.S. & Schaller, W.T. (1932) American Mineralogist, 17, #10, 457-465.
  • North Carolina
    • Buncombe Co.
Wood, Keith Yates (1996) Petrogenesis and Geochemustry of Kyanite-Bearing Pegmatites in the Buncombe Pegmatite District, North Carolina : Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
    • Cabarrus Co.
      • Concord
Barbara A.Olsen,Harry Y.McSween.Jr,The America Mineralogist,Vol 68,pg 315-333,1983,Petrogenesis of the Concord gabbro-syenite complex,North Carolina
    • Clay Co.
      • Buck Creek
Dana 6:515,637 & 1075.
Denison,R.E.,Raveling,H.P., and Rouse,J.T.,(1967) Age and Descriptions of Subface Basement Rocks,Pamlico and Albemarle Sound Area,North Carolina:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletion,v.51,p.268-272
    • Davie Co.
McSween,Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephan R.,Harden,James T.,and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-Metagabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,America Journal Of Science,Vol.284,April/May,1984,p.437-461
Hadley,Jarvis B.,1973,Igneous Rocks Of The Oxford Area,Granville County,North Carolina,America Journal Of Science,Cooper Vol 273-A,1973,p 217-233
      • Bullock
Zeitner,J.C, 1968 , Applachian Mineral and Gem Trails
    • Macon Co.
Genth,F.A (1891) The Minerals Of North Carolina:USGS Bulletion No.74
    • Mecklenburg Co.
Pratt,Joseph Hyde (1933) Gems and Gem Minerals of North Carolina: American Mineralogist,Vol.18,No.4,April,1933
Hoy,Robert B.,(1939) Geology And Ore Deposits Of The Capps Gold Mine,Mecklenburg County,North Carolina
McSween Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephen R.,Harden,James T.,and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-MetaGabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,American Journal Of Science,Vol.,284,April/May,1984,P.437-461
Pratt,Joseph Hyde (1933) Gems and Gem Minerals of North Carolina: American Mineralogist,Vol.18,No.4,April,1933
J.Wright Horton,Jr.,and Donald J. Geddes,Jr (2006) Geologic Map Of The Upper Wolf Island Creek Watershed,Reidsville Area,Rockingham County,North Carolina: U. S. Geological Survey, U.S.G.S. Scientific Investigations Map 2871
    • Rowan Co.
McSween,Jr,Harry Y.,Sando,Thomas W.,Clark,Stephan R.,Harden,James T and Strange,E.Allison (1984) The Gabbro-Metagabbro Association Of The Southern Appalachian Piedmont,American Journal Of Science, Vol.284,April/May,1984,p.437-461
White,William A.,(1945) Tungsten Deposit near Townsville, North Carolina:American Mineralogist,30 No.3,4
Philip Stanley Justus,1971,Structure and Petrology along the Blue Ridge Front and Brevard Zone,Wilkes and Caldwell Counties,North Carolina pg # 21
Stephan Brewer Harper,1977,The Age and Origin of Granitic Gneisses of the Inner Piedmont,Northwestern North Carolina
Genth,Frederick Augustus.,1891,The Minerals Of North Carolina;USGS Bulletion No,74
  • Ohio
    • Ashtabula Co.
      • Saybrook township
Specimens collected by Isaac Coblentz . Specimens identified by R. V. Dietrich
  • Oregon
    • Harney Co.
Cran Cowan
Christopher L. Johnston, Mickey E. Gunter, and Charles R. Knowles (1991) Sunstone Labradorite from the Ponderosa Mine, Oregon. Gems And Gemology Winter 220-233
[var: Oregon Sunstone] ‘David Carter’ Ex-collection; https://www.gia.edu/gia-news-research-butte-sunstone ; http://sunstonebuttemine.com/about-us/
Christopher L. Johnston, Mickey E. Gunter, and Charles R. Knowles (1991) Sunstone Labradorite from the Ponderosa Mine, Oregon. Gems And Gemology Winter 220-233
    • Josephine Co.
      • Winona Mining District
Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 84.
    • Lake Co.
      • Plush
Christopher L. Johnston, Mickey E. Gunter, and Charles R. Knowles (1991) Sunstone Labradorite from the Ponderosa Mine, Oregon. Gems And Gemology Winter 220-233
O'Neal, C. (2013), Field collection and visual analysis of the Oregon Sunstone deposits near Plush, Lake County, Oregon; March.
http://pana-mine.com/ - mine's website; Xu, H., Hill, T.R., Konishi, H., Farfan, G. (2017): Protoenstatite: A new mineral in Oregon sunstones with “watermelon” colors. American Mineralogist, 102, 2146-2149
O'Neal, C. (2013), Field collection and visual analysis of the Oregon Sunstone deposits near Plush, Lake County, Oregon; March.
  • Pennsylvania
USGS National Geochemical Database :Rocks File W173603
    • Delaware Co.
      • Middletown Township
Gordon, "Mineralogy of Pennsylvania" 1922 p. 193.
    • Lebanon Co.
      • Cornwall Borough (Cornwall)
Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
    • Kent Co.
AmMin 12:427-436 (1927)
    • Providence Co.
      • Cumberland
No reference listed
  • South Carolina
Chaumba, Jeff B. (2010) The Hammett Grove Meta- Igneous Suite,South Carolina: Bulk -Rock,Mineral Composition ,Hydrogen,And Oxygen Isotope Data From MetaGabbros :Geological Society of America Abstract with Programs,Vol 42,No 1 ,pg. 164
    • Edgefield Co.
Earle Sloan (1908) Mineral Localities of South Carolina:South Carolina Geological Survey Bulletin No.2
Earle Sloan (1908) Mineral Localities of South Carolina :South Carolina Geological Survey Bulletin No.2
Prince, P.S., Ranson, W.A. (2004) Geochemistry, petrography, and mineral chemistry of amphibolites from the Inner Piedmont of northwestern South Carolina: Abstracts with Programs, Geological Society of America, 36(2) p. 103.
Prince, P.S., Ranson, W.A. (2004) Geochemistry, petrography, and mineral chemistry of amphibolites from the Inner Piedmont of northwestern South Carolina: Abstracts with Programs, Geological Society of America, 36(2) p. 103.
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Galena Mining District
        • Roubaix
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Tennessee
    • Carter Co.
      • Cranberry Magnetite Mining District
Paris, T.A. (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Johnson Co.
      • Mountain City Mining District
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
    • Sevier Co.
      • Great Smoky Mountains
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
  • Texas
    • Brewster Co.
      • Alpine
Smith, A.E. (2016) Texas Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals, 66(3), 196-224. http://www.omsinc.org/archives/Ore-cutts_Jan04.pdf
  • U.S. Virgin Islands
    • St Thomas
Thomas W. Donnelly (1962) Wairakite in West Indian Spilitic Rocks. American Mineralogist, 47, 794-802.
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael Mining District (San Rafael Swell)
USGS Bull 878 p 41
    • Juab Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Millard Co.
      • Deseret
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10087082.
R&M 68:6 p381-393
    • Tooele Co.
      • Stansbury Mountains
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Vermont
    • Essex Co.
      • Lemington
Wolff, John E. (1929). Mount Monadnock, Vermont: A Syenite Hill (Journal of Geology, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 1-16).
Rocks & Min. vol. 71, (1996)
      • Shrewsbury
Woolley (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World.
  • Virginia
    • Amelia Co.
      • Winterham
Rocks & Min.: 8:143-144.; Arthur A. Pegau (1932) Pegmatite Deposits of Virginia. Virginia Geological Survey; Bulletin 33.
    • Fairfax Co.
      • Culpeper Basin
        • Centreville
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Pittsylvania Co.
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Stevens Co.
      • Huckleberry Range
        • Deer Trail & Cedar Canyon Mining Districts
          • Deer Trail Mining District
            • Adams Mountain
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; R. Derkey, N. Joseph, R. Lasmanis, 1990
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
      • Iron Mountain Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Lake Owen Complex
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Rocks & Minerals 76:383
 
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