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Lanthanite-(Ce)

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Formula:
(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Colour:
yellowish white, pink, colourless
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
In allusion to the composition, containing lanthanide series elements, with cerium (Ce) dominant.
Isostructural with:
This page provides mineralogical data about Lanthanite-(Ce).


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Classification of Lanthanite-(Ce)Hide

Approved
Approval Year:
1983
5.CC.25

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
C : Carbonates without additional anions, with H2O
C : With rare earth elements (REE)
15.4.2.3

15 : HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
4 : AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
11.8.3

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths

Physical Properties of Lanthanite-(Ce)Hide

Colour:
yellowish white, pink, colourless
Streak:
white
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good

Optical Data of Lanthanite-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.532 nβ = 1.594 nγ = 1.616
2V:
Measured: 60° , Calculated: 58°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.084
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of Lanthanite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
IMA Formula:
Ce2(CO3)3 · 8H2O

Crystallography of Lanthanite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.5 Å, b = 17.1 Å, c = 9 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.556 : 1 : 0.526
Unit Cell V:
1,462.05 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals platy to thick tabular {010}. Lathlike at times due to extension of [001]. Fine granular to earthy.
Twinning:
On {101} as twin and composition plane.

Type Occurrence of Lanthanite-(Ce)Hide

Synonyms of Lanthanite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Lanthanite-(Ce)Hide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cerite-(Ce)4 photos of Lanthanite-(Ce) associated with Cerite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Allophane2 photos of Lanthanite-(Ce) associated with Allophane on mindat.org.
Malachite1 photo of Lanthanite-(Ce) associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Actinolite1 photo of Lanthanite-(Ce) associated with Actinolite on mindat.org.
Allanite1 photo of Lanthanite-(Ce) associated with Allanite on mindat.org.
Ferriallanite-(Ce)1 photo of Lanthanite-(Ce) associated with Ferriallanite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Carrollite1 photo of Lanthanite-(Ce) associated with Carrollite on mindat.org.
Brochantite1 photo of Lanthanite-(Ce) associated with Brochantite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.CC.05Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
5.CC.05EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2OHex. 6mm
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Nd)(Ba,Sr)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)2 · 4-10H2OTric.
5.CC.05Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
5.CC.05WeloganiteNa2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
5.CC.10Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.CC.15Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2OOrth.
5.CC.15Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2OOrth.
5.CC.20Shomiokite-(Y)Na3Y[CO3]3 · 3H2OOrth.
5.CC.25Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2OOrth.
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
5.CC.25Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
5.CC.30Adamsite-(Y)NaY[CO3]2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
5.CC.35Decrespignyite-(Y)Cu(Y,REE)4(CO3)4(OH)5Cl · 2H2OMon.
5.CC.40Galgenbergite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4 · H2OTric.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

15.4.2.1Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
15.4.2.2Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2OOrth.
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2OOrth.
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)Hex.
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)3(CO3)5Mon. 2 : P21
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2OOrth.
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2OOrth.
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2OMon. m : Pm
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Sr)Ce(CO3)(OH,H2O)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.14Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
11.8.15Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5Hex.
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.8.17Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2Orth. mm2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.8.19EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2OHex. 6mm
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lanthanite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Berzelius (1825) Zeitschrift für Min.: 2: 209 (as Kohlensaures Cereroxydul).
Berzelius (1824) Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar: 134 (as Kohlensaures Cereroxydul).
Hisinger, W. (1826) Versuch einer mineralogischen Geographie von Schweden. Translated by F. Wöhler. Leipzig: 144 (as Kohlensaures Ceroxydul).
Dana, J.D. (1837) System of Mineralogy, 1st. edition, New Haven: 206 (as Carbonate of Cerium).
Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 354 (Carbocérine).
Hartman (1843) Min.: 2: 816 (as Hydrocerit).
Dufrénoy, A. (1845) Traité de minéralogie, Vol. 2: 377 (as Cérium carbonaté).
Haidinger, Wm. (1845a) Handbuch der bestimmenden Mineralogie. Vienna: 500 (as Lanthanit).
Glocker, E.F. (1847) Generum et specierum mineralien secundum ordines naturals digestorum synopsis. Halle: 248 (as Hydrolanthanite).
Blake (1853) American Journal of Science: 16: 228 (as Crystallized Carbonate of Lanthanum).
Smith (1854) American Journal of Science: 18: 378.
Genth (1857) American Journal of Science: 23: 425.
von Lang (1863) Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: 25: 43.
Flink (1910) Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi, Stockholm: 3: 165.
Lindström (1910) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 32: 214.
Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text, vol. 5: 119.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 241-243.
American Mineralogist (1985): 70: 411-413.

Internet Links for Lanthanite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Lanthanite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Selwyn District
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
Sheard, E.R. (2010); SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
HORVÁTH, L. & PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Mosset
Remy, P., Gatel, P., Meisser, N. (2014): Indice à terres rares de Mosset (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1-2014, 3-17.
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Straßberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Hosszúhetény
WDS: Viera Kollárová
Israel
 
  • Negev
Bogoch, R., Weissbrod, T., Bar-Matthews, M. (1992): Significance of REE-mineral inclusions in aegirine from an alkali syenite, Negev, Israel. European Journal of Mineralogy 4, 1337-1346.
Norway
 
  • Vestfold
    • Holmestrand
Raade, G. (1982): Lanthanitt fra Solumsåsen, Holmestrand. in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p 97.; Larsen, A. O. (1994): Drusemineraler fra Solumsåsen pukkverk, Holmestrand. STEIN 21 (2), 136-141
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
    • Ditrău (Ditró)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Sweden
 
  • Västmanland
    • Skinnskatteberg
      • Riddarhyttan
Öhman, L. , Nysten, P. and Langhof, J. (2004): Famous mineral localities: the Bastnäs mines - Riddarhyttan ore field, Bergslagen district, Västmanland, Sweden. The Mineralogical Record, 35 (3):187-200
No reference listed
UK (TL)
 
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Mt Snowdon
Amer.Min.(1985) 70, 411-413
USA
 
  • Vermont
    • Windham Co.
J. Swarts collection
Vietnam
 
  • Lai Chau Province
    • Phong Tho District
      • Mt Fansipan
Mineral and/or Locality  
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